List of special elections to the United States Senate

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This is an incomplete list of special elections to the United States Senate. Such elections fill the vacancies that occur when a member of the Senate dies or resigns before the biennial general election which precedes the end of his or her six-year term. Winners of these special elections typically serve the remaining two or four years plus two months of that six-year term. General elections to the U.S. Congress are held in November of even-numbered years. New Congresses convened on March 4 of the following year until 1934. Since 1934, new Congresses have begun on January 3 of the following year.

Some states, such as Texas, allow for special elections to the Senate that occur separate from a general election (similar to special elections to the U.S. House), while most wait to hold them in conjunction with the next general election.

Appointments by Governors[edit]

Prior to ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, most state legislatures elected U.S. Senators. The Seventeenth Amendment states that special elections will be held to fill vacant Senate seats, but that state legislatures may empower the governor of the state to fill the seat by an appointment between the time that it becomes vacant and the time that the winner of the special election is certified. As of 2009, four states, Massachusetts, Oregon, Wisconsin and Oklahoma require special elections, Oklahoma permitting its governor to appoint only the winner of a special election.[1] Alaska in 2004 enacted legislation and a separate ballot referendum law that took effect on the same day, that conflict. It is uncertain if the Alaska governor may successfully appoint an interim Senator to serve until the mandated special election occurs 60 to 90 days after the vacancy happens. The ballot-approved law fails to specifically authorize the governor to appoint, though the legislative law does.[1]

Since 1913, 184 senators have been appointed to fill vacancies. Of those, 63 did not later run for election; 56 ran and lost the subsequent special election; and 60 ran and won the election.[2]

List of special elections[edit]

This list only includes vacancies that were filled by special election. Not included are those situations in which vacancies were only filled by appointment or general election, or new seats.

This list is sorted by the date of the special election.

State Original Appointee Winner Term ending
Senator Vacancy event Senator Date Senator Date ↑
Virginia William Grayson (A) Died Mar 12, 1790 John Walker (P) Mar 31, 1790 James Monroe (A) Nov 9, 1790 Mar 4, 1793
New Jersey William Paterson (P) Resigned Nov 13, 1790 No appointment Philemon Dickinson (P) Nov 23, 1790 Mar 4, 1793
New York Rufus King (F) Resigned May 23, 1796 No appointment John Laurance (F) Nov 9, 1796 Mar 4, 1801
New York Philip Schuyler (F) Resigned Jan 3, 1798 No appointment John Sloss Hobart (F) Jan 11, 1798 Mar 4, 1803
[n 1]
New York John Sloss Hobart (F) Resigned Apr 16, 1798 William North (F) May 5, 1798 James Watson (F) Aug 17, 1798 Mar 4, 1803
[n 1]
New York James Watson (F) Resigned Mar 19, 1800 No appointment Gouverneur Morris (F) Apr 3, 1800 Mar 4, 1803
[n 1]
New York John Laurance (F) Resigned Aug 1800 No appointment John Armstrong, Jr. (DR) Nov 6, 1800 Mar 4, 1801
New York John Armstrong, Jr. (DR) Resigned Feb 5, 1802 No appointment DeWitt Clinton (DR) Feb 9, 1802 Mar 4, 1807
New York Theodorus Bailey (DR) Resigned Jan 16, 1804 No appointment John Armstrong, Jr. (DR) Feb 3, 1804 Mar 4, 1807
New York John Armstrong, Jr. (DR) Resigned Feb 23, 1804 No appointment John Smith (DR) Feb 3, 1804 Mar 4, 1807
New York John Armstrong, Jr. (DR) Resigned Jun 30, 1804 No appointment Samuel L. Mitchill (DR) Nov 9, 1804 Mar 4, 1809
Alabama John Williams Walker (DR) Resigned Dec 12, 1822 No appointment William Kelly (DR) Dec 12, 1822 Mar 4, 1825
Delaware Caesar A. Rodney (DR) Resigned Jan 29, 1823 No appointment Thomas Clayton (F) Jan 8, 1824 Mar 4, 1827
Louisiana Henry Johnson (DR) Resigned May 27, 1824 No appointment Charles Bouligny (DR) Nov 19, 1824 Mar 4, 1829
Illinois Ninian Edwards (DR) Resigned Mar 4, 1824 No appointment John McLean (DR) Nov 24, 1824 Mar 4, 1825
Georgia Nicholas Ware (DR) Died Jan 29, 1823 No appointment Thomas W. Cobb (F) Dec 6, 1824 Mar 4, 1829
Virginia John Taylor (DR) Died Aug 21, 1824 No appointment Littleton Tazewell (DR) Dec 7, 1824 Mar 4, 1829
Alabama Henry H. Chambers (DR) Died Jan 24, 1826 Israel Pickens (DR) Feb 17, 1826 John McKinley (J) Nov 27, 1826 Mar 4, 1831
New York Martin Van Buren (DR) Resigned Dec 20, 1828 No appointment Charles E. Dudley (D) Jan 15, 1829 Mar 4, 1833
New York William L. Marcy (D) Resigned Jan 1, 1833 No appointment Silas Wright (D) Jan 4, 1833 Mar 4, 1837
Alabama John McKinley (D) Resigned Apr 22, 1837 Clement Comer Clay (D) Jun 19, 1837 Arthur P. Bagby (D) Nov 24, 1841 Mar 4, 1843
Arkansas William S. Fulton (D) Died Aug 15, 1844 No appointment Chester Ashley (D) Nov 8, 1844 Mar 4, 1847
New York Nathaniel P. Tallmadge (W) Resigned June 17, 1844 Daniel S. Dickinson (D) Nov 30, 1844 Daniel S. Dickinson (D) Jan 18, 1845 Mar 4, 1845
New York Silas Wright (D) Resigned Nov 26, 1844 Henry A. Foster (D) Nov 30, 1844 John Adams Dix (D) Jan 18, 1845 Mar 4, 1849
Arkansas Chester Ashley (D) Died Apr 29, 1848 William K. Sebastian (D) May 12, 1848 William K. Sebastian (D) Nov 17, 1848 Mar 4, 1853
Alabama Dixon Hall Lewis (D) Died Oct 24, 1848 Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D) Nov 25, 1848 Jeremiah Clemens (D) Nov 30, 1849 Mar 4, 1853
New Hampshire James Bell (R) Died May 26, 1857 No appointment Daniel Clark (R) Jun 26, 1857 Mar 4, 1861
Tennessee Vacant Failure to elect successor prior Mar 4, 1857 Andrew Johnson (D) October 8, 1857 Mar 4, 1863
South Carolina Andrew Butler Died May 25, 1857 No appointment James Henry Hammond (D) December 6, 1857 Mar 4, 1861
North Carolina Asa Biggs Resigned May 5, 1858 after being appointed judge of US District Court of NC Thomas Lanier Clingman (D) May 7, 1858 Thomas Lanier Clingman (D) November 23, 1858 Mar 4, 1861
California David C. Broderick (D) Died Sep 16, 1859 Henry P. Haun (D) Nov 3, 1859 Milton S. Latham (D) Jan 11, 1860 Mar 4, 1863
California Eugene Casserly (D) Resigned Nov 29, 1873 No appointment John S. Hager (D) Dec 23, 1873 Mar 4, 1873
Alabama George S. Houston (D) Died Dec 31, 1879 Luke Pryor (D) Jan 7, 1880 James L. Pugh (D) Nov 24, 1880 Mar 4, 1885
New York Thomas C. Platt (R) Resigned May 16, 1881 No appointment Warner Miller (R) Jul 16, 1881 Mar 4, 1887
New York Roscoe Conkling (R) Resigned May 16, 1881 No appointment Elbridge G. Lapham (R) Jul 22, 1881 Mar 4, 1885
Arkansas Augustus Garland (D) Resigned Mar 6, 1885 No appointment James H. Berry (D) Mar 20, 1885 Mar 4, 1859
California John Franklin Miller (R) Died Mar 8, 1886 George Hearst (D) Mar 23, 1886 Abram P. Williams (R) Aug 4, 1886 Mar 4, 1887
California George Hearst (D) Died Feb 28, 1891 No appointment Charles N. Felton (R) Mar 19, 1891 Mar 4, 1893
California Leland Stanford (R) Died Jun 21, 1893 George C. Perkins (R) Jul 26, 1893 George C. Perkins (R) Mar 4, 1897
Mississippi Edward C. Walthall (D) Resigned Jan 24, 1894[n 2] No appointment Anselm J. McLaurin (D) Feb 7, 1894 Mar 4, 1895
Louisiana Edward D. White (D) Resigned Mar 12, 1894[n 3] Newton C. Blanchard (D) Mar 12, 1894 Newton C. Blanchard (D) Mar 4, 1897
Georgia Alfred H. Colquitt (D) Died Mar 26, 1894 Patrick Walsh (D) Apr 2, 1894 Patrick Walsh (D) Mar 4, 1895
North Carolina Zebulon B. Vance Died Apr 14, 1894 Thomas J. Jarvis (D) Apr 19, 1894 Jeter C. Pritchard (D) Jan 23, 1895 Mar 4, 1897
Michigan Francis B. Stockbridge (R) Died Apr 3, 1894 John Patton, Jr. (R) May 5, 1894 Julius C. Burrows (R) Jan 24, 1895 Mar 4, 1899
Montana Vacant Failure to elect Lee Mantle (R) January 16, 1895 Mar 4, 1899
Wyoming Vacant Failure to elect Clarence D. Clark (R) January 23, 1895
Washington Vacant Failure to elect John L. Wilson (R) February 19, 1895
Mississippi Edward C. Walthall (D) Died Apr 21, 1898 William V. Sullivan (D) May 31, 1898 William V. Sullivan (D) Mar 4, 1901
Alabama Edmund Pettus (D) Died Jul 27, 1907 No appointment Joseph F. Johnston (D) Aug 6, 1907 Mar 4, 1909
Pennsylvania Philander C. Knox (R) Resigned Mar 4, 1909 No appointment George T. Oliver (R) Mar 17, 1909 Mar 4, 1911
Mississippi Anselm J. McLaurin (D) Died Dec 22, 1909 James Gordon (D) Dec 27, 1909 LeRoy Percy (D) Feb 22, 1910 Mar 4, 1913
Louisiana Samuel D. McEnery (D) Died Jun 28, 1910 John Thornton (D) Aug 27, 1910 John Thornton (D) Dec 6, 1910 Mar 4, 1915
North Dakota Martin N. Johnson (R) Died Oct 12, 1909 Fountain L. Thompson (D) Nov 10, 1909 Asle Gronna (R) Feb 1, 1911 Mar 4, 1915
William E. Purcell (D) Feb 1, 1910
West Virginia Stephen Benton Elkins (R) Died Jan 4, 1911 Davis Elkins (R) Jan 9, 1911 Clarence Wayland Watson (D) Feb 1, 1911 Mar 4, 1913
Iowa Jonathan P. Dolliver (R) Died Oct 15, 1910 Lafayette Young (R) Nov 4, 1910 William S. Kenyon (R) Apr 11, 1911 Mar 4, 1913
Georgia Alexander S. Clay (D) Died Nov 13, 1910 Joseph M. Terrell (D) Nov 17, 1910 M. Hoke Smith (D) Jul 12, 1911 Mar 4, 1915
Maine William P. Frye (R) Died Aug 8, 1911 No appointment Obadiah Gardner (D) Sep 22, 1911 Mar 4, 1913
Colorado Charles J. Hughes, Jr. (D) Died Jan 11, 1911 No appointment Charles S. Thomas (D) Jan 15, 1913 Mar 4, 1915
Tennessee Robert Love Taylor (D) Died Mar 31, 1912 Newell Sanders (R) Apr 11, 1912 William R. Webb (D) Jan 23, 1913 Mar 4, 1913
Nevada George S. Nixon (R) Died Jun 5, 1912 William A. Massey (R) Jul 1, 1912 Key Pittman (D) Jan 23, 1913 Mar 4, 1917
Texas Joseph Weldon Bailey (D) Resigned Jan 3, 1913 Rienzi Melville Johnston (D) Jan 4, 1913 Morris Sheppard (D) Jan 23, 1913 Mar 4, 1913
Arkansas Jeff Davis Died Jan 3, 1913 John N. Heiskell (D) Jan 6, 1913 William Marmaduke Kavanaugh (D) Jan 23, 1913 Mar 4, 1913
Idaho Weldon B. Heyburn (R) Died Oct 17, 1912 Kirtland Irving Perky (D) Nov 18, 1912 James H. Brady (R) Jan 24, 1913 Mar 4, 1915
Arkansas Vacant from beginning of term, Mar 4, 1913[n 4] No appointment Joseph Taylor Robinson (D) Jan 27, 1913 Mar 4, 1919
Illinois William Lorimer (R) Jul 13, 1912[n 5] No appointment Lawrence Yates Sherman (R) Mar 26, 1913 Mar 4, 1915
Seventeenth Amendment ratified Apr 8, 1913. All subsequent Senate elections are by popular vote.
Maryland Isidor Rayner (D) Died Nov 25, 1912 William P. Jackson (R) Nov 29, 1912 Blair Lee (D) Nov 4, 1913 Mar 4, 1917
Alabama Joseph F. Johnston (D) Died Aug 8, 1913 No appointment Francis S. White (D) May 11, 1914 Mar 4, 1915
Georgia Augustus Octavius Bacon (D) Died Feb 14, 1914 William S. West (D) Mar 1, 1914 Thomas W. Hardwick (D) Nov 3, 1914 Mar 4, 1919
Kentucky William O. Bradley (R) Died May 23, 1914 Johnson N. Camden (D) Jun 16, 1914 Johnson N. Camden (D) Nov 3, 1914 Mar 4, 1915
Maine Edwin C. Burleigh (R) Died Jun 16, 1916 No appointment Bert M. Fernald (R) Sep 11, 1916 Mar 4, 1919
Indiana Benjamin F. Shively (D) Died Mar 14, 1916 Thomas Taggart (D) Mar 20, 1916 James Eli Watson (R) Nov 7, 1916 Mar 4, 1921
Arkansas James Paul Clarke (D) Died Oct 1, 1916 No appointment William F. Kirby (D) Nov 7, 1916 Mar 4, 1921
Wisconsin Paul O. Husting (D) Died Oct 21, 1917 No appointment Irvine L. Lenroot (R) Apr 18, 1918 Mar 4, 1921
Oregon Harry Lane (D) Died May 23, 1917 Charles L. McNary (R) May 29, 1917 Frederick W. Mulkey (R) Nov 5, 1918 Mar 4, 1919
Nevada Francis G. Newlands (D) Died Dec 24, 1917 Charles B. Henderson (D) Jan 12, 1918 Charles B. Henderson (D) Nov 5, 1918 Mar 4, 1921
Idaho James H. Brady (R) Died Jan 13, 1918 John F. Nugent (D) Jan 22, 1918 John F. Nugent (D) Nov 5, 1918 Mar 4, 1921
New Jersey William Hughes (D) Died Jan 30, 1918 David Baird (R) Feb 23, 1918 David Baird (R) Nov 5, 1918 Mar 4, 1919
Louisiana Robert F. Broussard (D) Died Apr 12, 1918 Walter Guion (D) Apr 22, 1918 Edward Gay (D) Nov 5, 1918 Mar 4, 1921
Missouri William J. Stone (D) Died Apr 14, 1918 Xenophon P. Wilfley (D) Apr 30, 1918 Selden P. Spencer (R) Nov 5, 1918 Mar 4, 1921
South Carolina Benjamin R. Tillman (D) Died Jul 3, 1918 Christie Benet (D) Jul 6, 1918 William P. Pollock (D) Nov 5, 1918 Mar 4, 1919
New Hampshire Jacob H. Gallinger (R) Died Aug 17, 1918 Irving W. Drew (R) Sep 2, 1918 George H. Moses (R) Nov 5, 1918 Mar 4, 1921
Virginia Thomas S. Martin (D) Died Nov 12, 1919 Carter Glass (D) Nov 18, 1919 Carter Glass (D) Nov 2, 1920 Mar 4, 1925
Alabama John H. Bankhead (D) Died Mar 1, 1920 B. B. Comer (D) Mar 5, 1920 J. Thomas Heflin (D) Nov 2, 1920 Mar 4, 1925
Delaware Josiah O. Wolcott (D) Resigned Jul 2, 1921 T. Coleman du Pont (R) Jul 7, 1921 Thomas F. Bayard, Jr. (D) Nov 7, 1922 Mar 4, 1923
Pennsylvania Philander C. Knox (R) Died Oct 12, 1921 William E. Crow (R) Oct 17, 1921 – Aug 2, 1922 (died) David A. Reed (R) Nov 7, 1922 Mar 4, 1923
David A. Reed (R) Aug 8, 1922
Pennsylvania Boies Penrose (R) Died Dec 31, 1921 George W. Pepper (R) Jan 9, 1922 George W. Pepper (R) Nov 7, 1922 Mar 4, 1927
Iowa William S. Kenyon (R) Resigned Feb 24, 1922 Charles A. Rawson (R) Feb 24, 1922 Smith W. Brookhart (R) Nov 7, 1922 Mar 4, 1925
Georgia Thomas E. Watson (D) Died Sep 26 1922 Rebecca Felton (D) Nov 21, 1922 Walter F. George (D) Nov 7, 1922 Mar 4, 1927
Colorado Samuel D. Nicholson (R) Died Mar 24, 1923 Alva B. Adams (D) May 17, 1923 Rice W. Means (R) Nov 4, 1924 Mar 4, 1927
Connecticut Frank B. Brandegee (R) Died Oct 14, 1924 No appointment Hiram Bingham III (R) Dec 16, 1924 Mar 4, 1927
Arkansas Thaddeus H. Caraway (D) Died Nov 6, 1931 Hattie Caraway (D) Dec 9, 1931 Hattie Caraway (D) Jan 12, 1932 Mar 4, 1933
New Jersey Dwight Morrow (R) Died Oct 5, 1931 William Warren Barbour (R) Dec 1, 1931 William Warren Barbour (R) Nov 2, 1932 Jan 3, 1937
Georgia William J. Harris (D) Died Apr 18, 1932 John S. Cohen (D) Apr 25, 1932 Richard Russell, Jr. (D) Nov 2, 1932 Jan 3, 1937
Vermont Porter H. Dale (R) Died Oct 6, 1933 Ernest W. Gibson (R) Nov 21, 1933 Ernest W. Gibson (R) Jan 16, 1934 Jan 3, 1937
Montana Thomas J. Walsh (D) Died Mar 4, 1933 John E. Erickson (D) Mar 13, 1933 James E. Murray (D) Nov 6, 1934 Jan 3, 1937
Tennessee Cordell Hull (D) Resigned Mar 4, 1933 Nathan L. Bachman (D) Mar 4, 1933 Nathan L. Bachman (D) Nov 6, 1934 Jan 3, 1937
New Mexico Sam G. Bratton (D) Resigned Jun 24, 1933 Carl A. Hatch (D) Oct 10, 1933 Carl A. Hatch (D) Nov 6, 1934 Jan 3, 1937
Arkansas Joseph T. Robinson (D) Died Jul 14, 1937 No appointment John E. Miller (D) Nov 15, 1937 Jan 3, 1943
Tennessee Nathan L. Bachman (D) Died Apr 23, 1937 George L. Berry (D) May 6, 1937 Tom Stewart (D) Nov 8, 1938 Jan 3, 1943
New York Royal Copeland (D) Died Jun 17, 1938 No appointment James M. Mead (D) Nov 8, 1938 Jan 3, 1941
Texas Morris Sheppard (D) Died Apr 9, 1941 Andrew Houston (D) Apr 21, 1941 W. Lee O'Daniel (D) Jun 28, 1941 Jan 3, 1943
Mississippi Pat Harrison (D) Died Jun 22, 1941 James Eastland (D) Jun 30, 1941 Wall Doxey (D) Sep 23, 1941 Jan 3, 1943
South Carolina James F. Byrnes (D) Resigned Jul 17, 1941 Alva Lumpkin (D) Jul 22, 1941 Burnet Maybank (D) Nov 5, 1941 Jan 3, 1945
Roger Peace (D) Aug 5, 1941
Colorado Alva B. Adams (D) Died Dec 1, 1941 Eugene Millikin (R) Dec 20, 1941 Eugene Millikin (R) Nov 3, 1942 Jan 3, 1945
West Virginia Matthew M. Neely (D) Resigned Jan 12, 1941 Joseph Rosier (D) Jan 13, 1941 Hugh Ike Shott (R) Nov 3, 1942 Jan 3, 1943
Nevada Key Pittman (D) Died Nov 10, 1940 Berkeley Bunker (D)[n 6] Nov 27, 1940 James G. Scrugham (D) Nov 3, 1942 Jan 3, 1947
Indiana Frederick Van Nuys (D) Died Jan 25, 1944 Samuel D. Jackson (D) Jan 28, 1944 William E. Jenner (R) Nov 7, 1944 Jan 3, 1945
Oregon Charles L. McNary (R) Died Feb 25, 1944 Guy Cordon (R) Mar 4, 1944 Guy Cordon (R) Nov 7, 1944 Jan 3, 1949
New Jersey William Warren Barbour (R) Died Nov 22, 1943 Arthur Walsh (D) Nov 26, 1943 H. Alexander Smith (R) Nov 7, 1944 Jan 3, 1947
Massachusetts Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. (R) Resigned Feb 3, 1944 Sinclair Weeks (R) Feb 8, 1944 Leverett Saltonstall (R) Nov 7, 1944 Jan 3, 1949
Alabama John H. Bankhead II (D) Died Jun 12, 1946 George R. Swift (D) Jun 15, 1946 Jeremiah Clemens (D) Nov 6, 1946 Jan 3, 1951
California Hiram Johnson (R) Died Aug 6, 1945 William Knowland (R) Aug 26, 1945 William Knowland (R) Nov 5, 1946 Jan 3, 1947
Mississippi Theodore G. Bilbo (D) Died Aug 24, 1947 No appointment John C. Stennis (D) Nov 5, 1947 Jan 3, 1952
New York Robert F Wagner (D) Resigned Jun 28, 1949 John Foster Dulles (R) Jul 7, 1949 Herbert Lehman (D) Nov 8, 1949 Jan 3, 1951
North Carolina J. Melville Broughton (D) Died Mar 6, 1949 Frank Porter Graham (D) Mar 29, 1949 Willis Smith (D) Nov 7, 1950 Jan 3, 1955
Kansas Clyde M. Reed (R) Died Nov 8, 1949 Harry Darby (R) Dec 2, 1949 Frank Carlson (R) Nov 7, 1950 Jan 3, 1967
Idaho Bert H. Miller (D) Died Oct 8, 1949 Henry Dworshak (R) Oct 14, 1949 Henry Dworshak (R) Nov 7, 1950 Jan 3, 1955
California Richard Nixon (R) Resigned Jan 1, 1953[n 7] Thomas Kuchel (R) Jan 2, 1953 Thomas Kuchel (R) Nov 2, 1954 Jan 3, 1957
North Carolina Clyde R. Hoey (D) Died May 12, 1954 Sam Ervin (D) Jun 5, 1954 Sam Ervin (D) Nov 2, 1954 Jan 3, 1957
Nebraska Hugh Butler (R) Died Jul 1, 1954 Sam Reynolds (R) Jul 7, 1954 Roman Hruska (R) Nov 2, 1954 Jan 3, 1959
North Carolina Willis Smith (D) Died Jun 26, 1953 Alton Lennon (D) Ju1 15, 1953 Kerr Scott (D) Nov 2, 1954 Jan 3, 1955
Nebraska Dwight Griswold (R) Died Apr 12, 1954 Eva Bowring (R) Apr 26, 1954 Hazel Abel (R) Nov 2, 1954 Jan 3, 1955
Kentucky Alben Barkley (D) Died Apr 30, 1956 Robert Humphreys (D) Jun 25, 1956 John Sherman Cooper (R) Nov 6, 1956 Jan 3, 1961
West Virginia Harley M. Kilgore (D) Died Feb 28, 1956 William R. Laird, III (D) Mar 13, 1956 W. Chapman Revercomb (R) Nov 6, 1956 Jan 3, 1959
South Carolina Strom Thurmond (D) Resigned Apr 4, 1956 Thomas A. Wofford (D) Apr 5, 1956 Strom Thurmond (D) Nov 6, 1956 Jan 3, 1961
Texas Price Daniel (D) resigned Jan 14, 1957 William Blakley (D) Jan 17, 1957 Ralph Yarborough (D) Apr 2, 1957 Jan 3, 1959
Wisconsin Joseph McCarthy (R) Died May 2, 1957 No appointment William Proxmire (D) Aug 27, 1957 Jan 3, 1959
West Virginia Matthew M. Neely (D) Died Jan 18, 1958 John D. Hoblitzell, Jr. (R) Jan 25, 1958 Jennings Randolph (D) Nov 4, 1958 Jan 3, 1961
North Carolina W. Kerr Scott (D) Died Apr 16, 1958 B. Everett Jordan (D) Apr 19, 1958 B. Everett Jordan (D) Nov 4, 1958 Jan 3, 1961
North Dakota William Langer (R) Died Nov 8, 1959 Clarence Brunsdale (R) Nov 19, 1959 Quentin Burdick (D-NPL) Jun 28, 1960 Jan 3, 1965
Missouri Thomas C. Hennings, Jr. (D) Died Sep 13, 1960 Edward V. Long (D) Sep 23, 1960 Edward V. Long (D) Nov 8, 1960 Jan 3, 1963
Oregon Richard Neuberger (D) Died Mar 9, 1960 Hall Lusk (D) Mar 16, 1960 Maurine Neuberger (D) Nov 8, 1960 Jan 3, 1961
Texas Lyndon Johnson (D) Resigned Jan 3, 1961 William Blakley (D) Jan 3, 1961 John Tower (R) May 27, 1961 Jan 3, 1967
Massachusetts John Kennedy (D) Resigned Dec 22, 1960 Benjamin Smith II (D) Dec 27, 1960 Ted Kennedy (D) Nov 6, 1962 Jan 3, 1965
New Hampshire Styles Bridges (R) Died Nov 26, 1961 Maurice Murphy, Jr. (R) Dec 7, 1961 Thomas McIntyre (D) Nov 6, 1962 Jan 3, 1967
Kansas Andrew Schoeppel (R) Died Jan 21, 1962 James Pearson (R) Jan 31, 1962 James Pearson (R) Nov 6, 1962 Jan 3, 1967
Idaho Henry Dworshak (R) Died Jul 23, 1962 Len Jordan (R) Aug 6, 1962 Len Jordan (R) Nov 6, 1962 Jan 3, 1967
Wyoming Vacant from beginning of term, Jan 3, 1961[n 8] John J. Hickey (D) Jan 3, 1961 Milward L. Simpson (R) Nov 6, 1962 Jan 3, 1967
Tennessee Estes Kefauver (D) Died Aug 10, 1963 Herbert Walters (D) Aug 20, 1963 Ross Bass (D) Nov 3, 1964 Jan 3, 1967
Oklahoma Robert S. Kerr (D) Died Jan 1, 1963 J. Howard Edmondson (D) Jan 6, 1963 Fred R. Harris (D) Nov 3, 1964 Jan 3, 1967
New Mexico Dennis Chavez (D) Died Nov 18, 1962 Edwin Mechem (R) Nov 30, 1962 Joseph Montoya (D) Nov 3, 1964 Jan 3, 1965
South Carolina Olin Johnston (D) Died Apr 18, 1965 Donald Russell (D) Apr 22, 1965 Ernest Hollings (D) Nov 8, 1966 Jan 3, 1969
Virginia Harry F. Byrd, Sr. (D) Resigned Nov 10, 1965 Harry F. Byrd, Jr. (D) Nov 12, 1965 Harry F. Byrd, Jr. (D) Nov 8, 1966 Jan 3, 1971
Alaska Bob Bartlett (D) Died Dec 11, 1968 Ted Stevens (R) Dec 24, 1968 Ted Stevens (R) Nov 3, 1970 Jan 3, 1973
Illinois Everett Dirksen (R) Died Sep 7, 1969 Ralph Tyler Smith (R) Sep 17, 1969 Adlai Stevenson III (D) Nov 3, 1970 Jan 3, 1975
Vermont Winston L. Prouty (R) Died Sep 10, 1971 Robert Stafford (R) Sep 16, 1971 Robert Stafford (R) Jan 7, 1972 Jan 3, 1977
Georgia Richard Russell (D) Died Jan 21, 1971 David Gambrell (D) Feb 1, 1971 Sam Nunn (D) Nov 7, 1972 Jan 3, 1973
New Hampshire Vacant from beginning of term, Jan 3, 1975[n 9] Norris H. Cotton (R) Aug 8, 1975 John A. Durkin (D) Sep 16, 1975 Jan 3, 1981
Minnesota Hubert Humphrey (D) Died Jan 13, 1978 Muriel Humphrey (D) Jan 25, 1978 David Durenberger (R) Nov 7, 1978 Jan 3, 1983
Alabama James Allen (D) Died Jun 1, 1978 Maryon Allen (D) Jun 8, 1978 Donald Stewart (D) Nov 7, 1978 Jan 3, 1981
Washington Henry "Scoop" Jackson (D) Died Sep 1, 1983 Dan Evans (R) Sep 8, 1983 Dan Evans (R) Nov 8, 1983 Jan 3, 1989
North Carolina John East (R) Died Jun 29, 1986 Jim Broyhill (R) Jul 14, 1986 Terry Sanford (D) Nov 4, 1986 Jan 3, 1987
Indiana Dan Quayle (R) Resigned Jan 3, 1989 Dan Coats (R) Jan 3, 1989 Dan Coats (R) Nov 6, 1990 Jan 3, 1993
Hawaii Spark Matsunaga (D) Died Apr 15, 1990 Daniel Akaka (D) May 16, 1990 Daniel Akaka (D) Nov 6, 1990 Jan 3, 1995
Pennsylvania John Heinz III (R) Died Apr 4, 1991 Harris Wofford (D) May 9, 1991 Harris Wofford (D) Nov 5, 1991 Jan 3, 1995
California Pete Wilson (R) Resigned Jan 7, 1991 John Seymour (R) Jan 10, 1991 Dianne Feinstein (D) Nov 3, 1992 Jan 3, 1995
North Dakota Quentin Burdick (D) Died Sep 8, 1992 Jocelyn Burdick (D) Sep 16, 1992 Kent Conrad (D) Dec 4, 1992 Jan 3, 1995
Texas Lloyd Bentsen (D) Resigned Jan 20, 1993 Bob Krueger (D) Jan 21, 1993 Kay Bailey Hutchison (R) Jun 5, 1993 Jan 3, 1995
Tennessee Al Gore (D) Resigned Jan 3, 1993 Harlan Mathews (D) Jan 3, 1993 Fred Thompson (R) Nov 8, 1994 Jan 3, 1997
Oklahoma David Boren (D) Resigned Nov 15, 1994 No appointment Jim Inhofe (R) Nov 8, 1994 Jan 3, 1997
Oregon Bob Packwood (R) Resigned Oct 1, 1995 No appointment Ron Wyden (D) Jan 30, 1996 Jan 3, 1999
Kansas Bob Dole (R) Resigned Jun 11, 1996 Sheila Frahm (R) Jun 11, 1996 Sam Brownback (R) Nov 5, 1996 Jan 3, 1999
Georgia Paul Coverdell (R) Died Jul 18, 2000 Zell Miller (D) Jul 24, 2000 Zell Miller (D) Nov 7, 2000 Jan 3, 2005
Missouri Vacant from beginning of term, Jan. 3, 2001[n 10] Jean Carnahan (D) Jan 3, 2001 Jim Talent (R) Nov 5, 2002 Jan 3, 2007
Wyoming Craig Thomas (R) Died Jun 4, 2007 John Barrasso (R) Jun 25, 2007 John Barrasso (R) Nov 4, 2008 Jan 3, 2013
Mississippi Trent Lott (R) Resigned Dec 18, 2007 Roger Wicker (R) Dec 31, 2007 Roger Wicker (R) Nov 4, 2008 Jan 3, 2013
Massachusetts Ted Kennedy (D) Died Aug 25, 2009 Paul G. Kirk (D) Sep 24, 2009 Scott Brown (R) Jan 19, 2010 Jan 3, 2013
Illinois Barack Obama (D) Resigned Nov. 16, 2008 Roland Burris (D) Jan 12, 2009 Mark Kirk (R) Nov 2, 2010 Jan 3, 2011
Delaware Joe Biden (D) Resigned Jan 15, 2009 Ted Kaufman (D) Jan 16, 2009 Chris Coons (D) Nov 2, 2010 Jan 3, 2015
Colorado Ken Salazar (D) Resigned Jan 20, 2009 Michael Bennet (D) Jan 21, 2009 Michael Bennet (D) Nov 2, 2010 Jan 3, 2011
New York Hillary Clinton (D) Resigned Jan. 21, 2009 Kirsten Gillibrand (D) Jan 27, 2009 Kirsten Gillibrand (D) Nov 2, 2010 Jan 3, 2013
West Virginia Robert Byrd (D) Died Jun 28, 2010 Carte Goodwin (D) Jul 20, 2010 Joe Manchin (D) Nov 2, 2010 Jan 3, 2013
Massachusetts John Kerry (D) Resigned Feb 1, 2013 Mo Cowan (D) Feb 1, 2013 Ed Markey (D) Jun 25, 2013 Jan 3, 2015
New Jersey Frank Lautenberg (D) Died June 3, 2013 Jeffrey Chiesa (R) June 10, 2013 Cory Booker (D) Oct 16, 2013 Jan 3, 2015
South Carolina Jim DeMint (R) Resigned Jan 1, 2013 Tim Scott (R) Jan 2, 2013 Nov 4, 2014 Jan 3, 2017
Hawaii Daniel Inouye (D) Died Dec 17, 2012 Brian Schatz (D) Dec 26, 2012 Nov 4, 2014 Jan 3, 2017
Oklahoma Tom Coburn (R) Announced retirement for January 3, 2015 No appointment Nov 4, 2014 Jan 3, 2017
State Senator Vacancy event Senator Date Senator Date ↑ Term ending
Original Appointee Winner

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c A record[citation needed] of five different senators held this seat in a single six-year term.
  2. ^ Resigned due to ill health.
  3. ^ Resigned to take up appointment as a justice of the U. S. Supreme Court.
  4. ^ Jeff Davis (D) was been elected posthumously.
  5. ^ Lorimer's election was declared invalid.
  6. ^ Senator Bunker was appointed to fill the vacancy caused by the November 10, 1940 death of Key Pittman, who had just won re-election. Bunker was appointed both to complete the term that would end Jan 3, 1941 and to begin the term that would end Jan 3, 1947.
  7. ^ Nixon resigned after being elected vice president.
  8. ^ Edwin Keith Thomson (R) died Dec 9, 1960, after his election but before taking his seat.
  9. ^ The 1974 election result was contested. Eventually, the Senate declared the seat vacant. Norris Cotton, who had retired at the election, was subsequently appointed to the seat until a special election could be held.[3]
  10. ^ Mel Carnahan was elected posthumously.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Neale, Thomas H. (March 10, 2009). "Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies: Perspectives and Contemporary Developments". Congressional Research Service. p. 8. 
  2. ^ Bill Schneider (February 5, 2009). "Senate appointments highlight messy process". CNN. 
  3. ^ "Closest election in Senate history". Senate Historical Office. 

External links[edit]