List of species in the Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary

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The Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary in Assam, India is an isolated protected area of evergreen forest with rich biodiversity.[1]

Flora[edit]

Several species of cane and more than a hundred species of herb, shrub, undershrub, lianas, bamboo and grass can be found at the Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary.[1]

  • Ou Tenga (Dillenia indicia)
  • Amari (Aglaia spectabilis)
  • Gahorisopa (Magnolia griffithii)
  • Borhamthuri (Magnoliaceae hodgsonii)
  • Bandardima (Dysoxylum sp.)
  • Titachapa (Michelia baillonii)
  • Bhelekor (Aristolochia tagala)
  • Chalmogra (Hydnocarpus Kurzii)
  • Bhelu (Tetramelos nudiflora)
  • Bon Aam (Mangifera sylvatica)
  • Bonpetha (Chrysophyllum roxburghii)
  • Borpat (Ailanthus integrifolia)
  • Nahor (Mesua ferrea)
  • Holong (Dipterocarpus macrocarpus)
  • Garjan (Dipterocarpus turbinatus)
  • Himolu (Bombax ceiba)
  • Selleng (Sapium baccatum)
  • Rudraksha (Eleaeocarpaceae sphaericus)
  • Dewa Sam (Artocarpus lacusha)
  • Dhuna (Canarium bengalense)
  • Amora (Spondias pinnata)
  • Moj (Pithecellobium monadelphum)
  • Arjun (Terminalia arjuna)
  • Halakh (Terminalia myriocarpa)
  • Kendu (Diospyros embryopteris)
  • Sationa (Alstonia scholaris)
  • Sachi (Aqualaria agolacha)
  • Cham Kothal (Artocarpus chama)
  • Kath Badam (Mansonia dipikae)
  • Gamari (Gmelia arborea)
  • Hingari (Castanopsis indica)
  • Lemtem (Gynocordia odorata)
  • Paroli (Stereospermum chelonoides)

Some important climbers of the sanctuary are:

  • Mamoilata (Gnetaceae montanum)
  • Bonjalika (Clematis cadmia)
  • Hoolooklata (Pycnarrhena pleniflora)
  • Tubukilata (Cissampelos pareira)
  • Tikanibaruwal (Byttneria grandifolia)
  • Chepatalata (Cayratia trifolia)
  • Harjodralata (Cissus quadrangularis)
  • Panilata (Vitis planicaulis)
  • Bakalbih (Millettia pachycarpa)
  • Bandor Kankora (Mucuna pruriens)
  • Kalmow (Ipomea aquatica)
  • Raghumola (Cascuta reflexa)
  • Aaownipan (Peperomia thomsonii)

Fauna[edit]

Mammals[edit]

  • western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock)
  • stump-tailed macaque (Macaca arctoides)
  • northern pig-tailed macaque (Macaca leonina)
  • eastern Assamese macaque (Macaca assamensis assamensis)
  • Bengal slow loris (Nycticebus bengalensis)
  • Indian Rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta mulatta)
  • capped langur (Trachypithecus pileatus durga)
  • hog deer (Axis porcinus)
  • sambar (Cervus unicolor)
  • porcupine (Hystrix indica)
  • tiger (Panthera tigris)
  • common leopard (Panthera pardus)
  • jungle cat (Felis chaus)
  • large Indian civet (Viverra zivetha
  • small Indian civet (Viverra Indica)
  • common palm civet (Poradoxurus bermaphroditus)
  • malayan giant squirrel (Ratufa bicolor)
  • hoary-bellied squirrel (Callosciurus pygerythrus)
  • Indian elephant (Elephas maximus)
  • marbled cat (Felis marmorata)
  • leopard cat (Felis bengalensis)
  • common mongoose (Herpestes edwardsi)
  • common Indian mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus)
  • Indian fox (Vulpes bengalensis)
  • jackal (Canis aureus)
  • wild boar (Sus scrofa)

Reptiles[edit]

  • Indian python (Python molurus)
  • cat snake (Boiga trigonata)
  • Indian cobra (Naja Naja)
  • common rat snake (Pitas mucous)

Birds[edit]

  1. RED JUNGLEFOWL, Gallus gallus,
  2. KALIJ PHEASANT, Lophura leucomelanos,
  3. RUDDY SHELDUCK, Tadorna furruginea
  4. COMMON TEAL, Anas crecca.
  5. COMMON POCHARD, Aythya ferina.
  6. SPECKLED PICULET, Picumnus Innominatus.
  7. WHITE-BROWED PICULET, Sasia ochracea.
  8. RUFOUS WOODPECKER, Celeus brachyurus.
  9. GREY-CAPPED PYGMY WOODPECKER, Dendrocopos canicapillus.
  10. FULVOUS-BREASTED WOODPECKER, Dendrocopos macei.
  11. LESSER YELLOWNAPE, Picus chlorolophus
  12. GREATER YELLOWNAPE, Picus flavinucha.
  13. STREAK-THROATED WOODPECKER, Picus xanthopygaeus
  14. GREY-HEADED WOODPECKER, Picus canus
  15. HIMALAYAN FLAMEBACK, Dinopium shorii
  16. COMMON FLAMBACK, Dinopium javanense.
  17. GREATER FLAMEBACK, Chrysocolaptes lucidus.
  18. LINEATED BARBET, Megalaima lineata.
  19. GOLDEN-THROATED BARBET, Megalaima franklinii.
  20. BLUE-THROATED BARBET, Megalaima asiatica
  21. BLUE-EARED BARBET, Megalaima australis.
  22. COPPERSMITH BARBET, Megalaima haemacephala.
  23. ORIENTAL PIED HORNBILL, Anthracoceros albirostris
  24. GREAT HORNBILL, Buceros bicornis.
  25. COMMON HOOPOE, Upupa epops
  26. RED-HEADED TROGON, Harpactes erythrocephalus.
  27. INDIAN ROLLER, Coracias benghalensis.
  28. DOLLARBIRD, Eurystomus orientalis.
  29. COMMON KINGFISHER, Alcedo atthis.
  30. STORK-BILLED KINGFISHER, Halcyon capensis.
  31. WHITE-THROATED KINGFISHER, Halcyon smyrnensis.
  32. PIED KINGFISHER, Ceryle rudis.
  33. BLUE-BEARDED BEE-EATER, Nyctyornis athertoni.
  34. GREEN BEE-EATER, Merops orientalis.
  35. BLUE-TAILED BEE-EATER, Merops philippinus.
  36. CHESTNUT-HEADED BEE-EATER, Merops leschenaulti
  37. PIED CUCKOO, Clamator jacobinus
  38. CHESTNUT-WINGED CUCKOO, Clamator coromandus.
  39. COMMON HAWK CUCKOO, Hierococcyx varius.
  40. INDIAN CUCKOO, Cuculus micropterus.
  41. PLAINTIVE CUCKOO, Cacomantis merulinus.
  42. ASIAN EMERALD CUCKOO, Chrysococcyx maculates.
  43. DRONGO CUCKOO, Surniculus, lugubris
  44. ASIAN KOEL, Eudynamys scolopacea.
  45. GREATER COUCAL, Centropus sinensis.
  46. LESSER COUCAL, Centropus bengalensis
  47. ALEXANDRINE PARAKEET, Psittacula eupatria.
  48. ROSE-RINGED PARAKEET, Psittacula krameri
  49. RED-BREASTED PARAKEET, Psittacula alexandri
  50. BLOSSOM-HEADED PARAKEET, Psittacula roseate.
  51. HIMALAYAN SWIFTLET, Collocalia brevirostris
  52. ASIAN PALM SWIFT, Cypsiurus balasiensis
  53. HOUSE SWIFT, Apus affinis.
  54. MOUNTAIN SCOPS OWL, Otus spilocephalus.
  55. ORIENTAL SCOPS OWL, Otus sunia.
  56. COLLARED SCOPS OWL, Otus bakkamoena.
  57. BROWN FISH OWL, Ketupa zeylonensis
  58. COLLORED OWLET, Glaucidium brodiei.
  59. ASIAN BARRED OWLET, Glaucidium cuculoides.
  60. SPOTTED OWLET, Athene brama
  61. BROWN HAWK OWL, Ninox scutulata.
  62. GREY NIGHTJAR, Caprimulgus indicus.
  63. LARGE-TAILED NIGHTJAR, Caprimulgus macrurus.
  64. ASHY WOOD PIGEON, Columba pulchricollis
  65. GREEN IMPERIAL PIGEON, Ducula aenea
  66. ORIENTAL TURTLE DOVE, Streptopelia orientalis
  67. SPOTTED DOVE, Streptopelia chinensis.
  68. EMERALD DOVE, Chalcophaps indica
  69. POMPADOUR GREEN PIGEON, Treron pompadora
  70. YELLOW-FOOTED GREEN PIGEON, Treron phoenicoptera
  71. WHITE-BREASTED WATERHEN, Amaurornis phoenicurus
  72. PURPLE SWAMPHEN, Porphyrio Porphyrio
  73. COMMON MOORHEN, Gallinula chloropus
  74. COMMON SNIPE, Gallinago gallinago
  75. COMMON GREENSHANK, Tringa nebularia
  76. WOOD SANDPIPER, Tringa glareola
  77. COMMON SANDPIPER, Actitis hypoleucos
  78. LITTLE RING PLOVER, Charadrius dubius
  79. RED-WATTLED LAPWING, Vanellus indicus
  80. PHEASANT-TAILED JACANA, Hydrophasianus chirugus
  81. BRONZE-WINGED JACANA, Metopidius indicus
  82. RIVER TERN, Sterna aurantia
  83. BLACK BAZA, Aviceda leuphotes
  84. BLACK KITE, Milvus migrans
  85. GREY-HEADED FISH EAGLE, Ichtyophaga ichthyaetus
  86. CRESTED SERPRENT EAGLE, Spilornis cheela
  87. PIED HARRIER, Circus melanoleucos
  88. SHIKRA, Accipiter badius
  89. BLACK-SHOULDERED KITE, Elanus caeruleus
  90. DARTE, Anhinga melanogaster
  91. LITTLE CORMORANT, Phalacrocorax niger
  92. INDIAN CORMORANT, Phalacrocorax fuscicollis
  93. GREAT CORMORANT, Phalacrocorax carbo
  94. LITTLE EGRET, Egretta garzetta
  95. GREAT EGRET, Casmerodius
  96. INTERMEDIATE EGRET, Mesophoyx intermedia
  97. CATTLE EGRET, Bubulcus ibis
  98. INDIAN POND HERON, Ardeola grayii
  99. LITTLE HERON, Butorides stratus
  100. BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT HERON, Nyctiorax nycticorax
  101. ASIAN OPENBILL, Anastomus oscitans
  102. LESSER ADJUTANT, Leptoptilos javanicus
  103. ORIENTA WHITE-EYE, Zesterops palperbrosus
  104. ASIAN FAIRY BLUEBIRD, Irena puella
  105. GOLDEN-FRONTED LEAFBIRD , Chloropsis aurifrons
  106. ORANGE-BELLIED LEAFBIRD, Chloropsis hardwickii
  107. COMMON IORA, Aegithine tiphia,
  108. BROWN SHRIKE, Lanius cristatus
  109. LONG-TAILED SHRIKE, Lanius schach
  110. GREY-BACKED SHRIKE, Lanius tephronotus
  111. RUFOUS TREEPIE, Dendrocitta vagabunda
  112. GREY TREEPIE, Dendrocitta formosae
  113. COLLARED TREEPIE, Dendrocitta frontails
  114. HOUSE CROW, Corvus splendens
  115. LARGE-BILLED CROW, Corvus macrorhynchos
  116. BLACK-HOODED ORIOLE, Oriolus xanthornus
  117. MAROON ORIOLE, Oriolus traillii
  118. LARGE CUCKOO-SHRIKE, Coracina macei
  119. BLACK-WINGED CUCKOO-SHRIKE, Coracina melaschistos
  120. ROSY MINIVET, Pericrocotus roseus
  121. SMALL MINIVET, Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
  122. LONG-TAILED MINIVET, Pericrocotus ethologus
  123. SHORT-BILLED MINIVET, Pericrocotus brevirostris
  124. SCARLET MINIVET, Pericrocotus flammeus
  125. BLACK-NAPED MONARCH, Hypothymis azurea
  126. BLACK DRONGO, Dicrurus macrocercus
  127. ASHY DRONGO, Dicrurus leucophaeus
  128. BRONZED DRONGO, Dicrurus aeneus
  129. LESSER RACKET-TAILED DRONGO, Dicrurus remifer
  130. SPANGLED DRONGO, Dicrurus hottentottus
  131. GREATER RACKET-TAILED DRONGO, Dicrurus paradiseus
  132. FERRUGINOUS FLYCATCHER, Muscicapa ferruginea
  133. RED-THROATED FLYCATCHER, Ficedula parva
  134. LITTLE PIED FLYCATCHER, Ficedula westermanni
  135. SLATY-BLUE FLYCATCHER, Ficedula tricolor
  136. VERDITER FLYCATCHER, Eumyias thalassina
  137. ASIAN BROWN FLYCATCHER, Muscicapa dauurica
  138. WHITE-THROATED FANTAIL, Rhipidura albicollis
  139. LARGE NILTAVA, Niltava grandis
  140. SMALL NILTAVA, Niltava macgrigoriae
  141. RUFOUS-BELLIED NILTAVA, Niltava sundara
  142. PALE-CHINNED FLYCATCHER, Cyornis poliogenys
  143. BLUE-THROATED FLYCATCHE, Cyornis rubeculoides
  144. GREY-HEADED CANARY FLYCATCHER, Culicicapa ceylonenisis
  145. ASIAN PARADISE-FLYCATCHER, Terpsiphone paradise
  146. WHITE-TAILED RUBYTHROAT, Luscinia pectoralis
  147. ORIENTAL MAGPIE ROBIN, Copsychus saularis
  148. WHITE-RUMPED SHAMA, Copychus malabaricus
  149. DAURIAN REDSTART, Phoenicurus auroreus
  150. WHITE-TAILED ROBIN, Myiomela leucura
  151. COMMON STONECHAT, Saxicola torquata
  152. GREY BUSHCHAT, Saxicola ferrea
  153. BLUE ROCK THRUSH, Monticola solitarius
  154. SCALY THRUSH, Zoothera dauma
  155. BLACK-BREASTED THRUSH, Turdus dissimilis
  156. DARK-THROATED THRUSH, Turdus ruficollis
  157. SPOT-WINGED STARLING, Saroglossa spiloptera
  158. CHESTNUT-TAILED STARLING, Sturnus malabaricus
  159. ASIAN PIED STARLING, Sturnus contra
  160. BRAHMINY STARLING, Sturnus pagodarum
  161. COMMON MYNA, Acridotheres tristis
  162. BANK MYNA, Acridotheres ginginianus
  163. JUNGLE MYNA, Acridotheres fuscus
  164. WHITE-VENTED MYNA, Acridotheres cinereus
  165. HILL MYNA, Gracula religiosa
  166. CHESTNUT-BELLIED NUTHATCH, Sitta castanea
  167. VELVET-FRONTED NUTHATCH, Sitta frontalis
  168. GREAT TIT, Parus major
  169. SULTAN TIT, Melanochloi sultanea
  170. PLAIN MARTIN, Riparia paludicola
  171. BARN SWALLOW, Hirundo rustica
  172. RED-WHISKERED BULBUL, Pynonotus jocosus
  173. RED-VENTED BULBUL, Pycnonotus cafer
  174. WHITE-THROATED BULBUL, Alophoixux flaveolus
  175. ASHY BULBUL, Hemixox flavala
  176. BLACK BULBUL, Hypsipetes leucocephalus
  177. GREY-BRESTED PRINIA, Prinia hodgsonii
  178. YELLOW-BELLIED PRINIA, Prinia flaviventris
  179. SLATY-BELLIED TESIA, Tesia olivea
  180. PALE-FOOTED BUSH WARBLER, Cettia pallidipes
  181. GREY-SIDED BUSH WARBLER, Cettia brummifrons
  182. PADDY FIELD WARBLER, Acrocephalus agircola
  183. COMMON TAILORBIRD, Orthotomus sutorius.
  184. DUSKY WARBLER, Phylloscopus fuscatus
  185. SMOKY WARBLER, Phylloscopus fuligiventer
  186. TICKELL’S LEAF WARBLER, Phylloscopus affinis
  187. GREENISH WARBLER, Phylloscopus trochiloides
  188. YELLOW-VENTED WARBLER, Phylloscopus cantator
  189. WHITE-SPECTACLED WARBLER,Zosterops palperbrosus
  190. LESSER NECKLACED LAUGHINGTHRUSH, Garrulax monileger
  191. GREATER NECKLACED LAUGHINGTHRUSH, Garrulax pectoralis
  192. ROFOUS NECKED LAUGHINGTHRUSH, Garrulax ruficollis
  193. ABBOTT’S BABBLER, Malacocincla abbotti
  194. BUFF-BREASTED BABBLER, Pellorneun tickelli.
  195. PUFF-THROATED BABBLER, Pellorneun ruficeps
  196. WHITE-BROWED SCIMITER BABBLER, Pomatorhinus schisticeps
  197. CHESTNUT- CAPPED BABBLER, Timalia pileata
  198. GREY-THORATED BABBLER, Stachyris nigriceps
  199. STRIPED TIT BABBLER, Macronous gularis
  200. YELLOW-EYED BABBLER, Chrysomma sinense
  201. CHESTNUT-CAPPED BABBLER, Timalia pileata
  202. RUFOUS-WINGED BUSHLARK, Mirafra assamica
  203. PALE-BELLIED FLOWERPECKER, Dicaeun erythrorynchos
  204. PLAIN FLOWERPECKER, Dicaeun concolor
  205. SCARLET-BACKED FLOWERPECER, Dicaeun cruentatum
  206. THICK-BILLED FLOWERPECKER, Dicaum agile
  207. RUBY-CHEEKED SUNBIRD, Anthreptes singalensis
  208. PURPLE SUNBIRD, Nectarinia asiatica
  209. CRIMSON SUNBIRD, Ethiopia sparaja
  210. HOUSE SPARROW, Passer domesticus
  211. EURASIAN TREE SPARROW, Passer montanus
  212. WHITE WAGTAIL, Motacilla alba
  213. GREY WAGTAIL, Motacilla cinerea
  214. PADDYFIELD PIPIT, Anthus rufulus
  215. OLIVE-BACKED PIPIT, Anthus hodgsoni
  216. ROSY PIPIT, Anthus roseatus
  217. WHITE-RUMPED MUNIA, Lonchura striata
  218. SCALY-BREASTED MUNIA, Lonchura punctulata
  219. BLACK-HEADED MUNIA, Lonchura Malacca

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ghosh, Kumud (2007). "Birds of Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary". Newsletter for Birdwatchers 47 (3).