List of species used in bonsai

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List of species commonly used in bonsai.

A to D[edit]

Botanical name Common name Example References
Abies Fir
Bonsai fir, photo by daphneann.jpg
Acer buergerianum Trident Maple
Trident Maple bonsai 52, October 10, 2008.jpg
[1]
Acer campestre Field Maple, Hedge Maple
Acer circinatum Vine Maple
Acer ginnala Amur Maple
Acer monspessulanum Montpelier Maple
Acer palmatum Japanese Maple
Acer palmatum-Bonsai.jpg
[2]
Acer pseudoplatanus Sycamore Maple
Acer rubrum Red Maple
Red Maple, 1974-2007.jpg
Adenium, especially Adenium obesum Desert rose
Adenium multiflorum Mombossa.jpg
Alnus Alder
Amelanchier canadensis Amelanchier
Ampelopsis, including Ampelopsis brevipedunculata Ampelopsis [3]
Aralia (see also Dizygotheca castor, Polyscias fruticosa, and Schefflera elegantissima, all previously classified as Aralia) Aralia [4]
Arbutus Strawberry tree
Berberis Barberry
Berberis 2-16-08.jpg
Betula Birch
Betula nigra River Birch
Bougainvillea Bougainvillea
Bougainvillea Bonsai.jpg
Buxus, including Buxus microphylla and Buxus harlandii Box, Boxwood
Boxwood demonstration bonsai by Min Hsuan Lo.jpg
[5]
Cannabis, especially Cannabis Sativa Marijuana
Camellia, especially Camellia japonica Camellia
Japanese Camellia bonsai 55, October 10, 2008.jpg
[6]
Carmona microphylla Fukien tea tree, Ehretia microphylla
Erethia theezans (bonsaï).jpg
[7]
Carpinus Hornbeam
Hornbeam, 1935-2007.jpg
Cedrus Cedar
Cedar bonsai, Birmingham Botanical Gardens.jpg
Cedrus libani Lebanon Cedar, Blue Atlas Cedar
Blue Atlas Cedar, 1950-2007.jpg
Celtis sinensis Chinese Hackberry
Chaenomeles Flowering Quince
Chamaecyparis Cypress
Chamaecyparis lawsoniana-Bonsai.jpg
Chamaecyparis obtusa Hinoki Cypress
Bonsai IMG 6404.jpg
Chamaecyparis pisifera Sawara Cypress
Chamaecyparis Pisifera bonsai.JPG
Cissus antartica Australian grape vine, Wild Grape, Kangaroo Vine [8]
Citrus aurantifolia
Citrus aurantifolia bonsai at the BBG, August 2, 2008.jpg
Cornus Dogwood
Bonsai Pagoda Dogwood at Christchurch Botanic Gardens.jpg
Cotinus coggygria Smoke Tree
Cotoneaster Cotoneaster
Cotoneaster bonsai by Mike.jpg
Crassula, especially Crassula ovata Jades
Jade-Emyr jones-Port Merrion.jpg
[9]
Crataegus Hawthorn
English Hawthorn, 1953-2007.jpg
Cryptomeria Sugi
Cryptomeria japonica - JBM.jpg
Cupressus, especially Cupressus macrocarpa Cupressus
Monterey Cypress, GSBF-CN 140, September 12, 2008.jpg
Cydonia oblonga Common Quince
Dasiphora fruticosa Shrubby Cinquefoil

E to G[edit]

Botanical name Common name Example References
Elaeagnus Elaeagnus
Elaeagnus pungens - JBM.jpg
Enkianthus Enkianthus
Eugenia Brush cherries
Euphorbia balsamifera Wolfsmilk [10]
Euonymus Spindle
Euonymus japonicus-Bonsai.jpg
Fagus Beech
American Beech bonsai 272, October 10, 2008.jpg
Ficus benghalensis Banyan
Ficus benghalensis1.jpg
Ficus benjamina Weeping Fig
Phipps - 014.JPG
Ficus carica Fig tree, common fig
Ficus carica bonsai.jpg
[11]
Ficus microcarpa Chinese Banyan Fig
Chinese Banyan, 1971-2007.jpg
[12]
Ficus neriifolia Willow-leaved Fig
Ficus retusa
Bonsai Tree 071.jpg
Ficus rubiginosa Port Jackson Fig
Pjfigbonsai.jpg
Fortunella hindsii Dwarf orange [13]
Fraxinus Ash
Fuchsia, including Fuchsia fulgens hybrids Fuchsia [14]
Gardenia, including Gardenia jasminoides Gardenia [15]
Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo
Ginkgo, 1926-2007.jpg
Grevillea robusta Australian Silver Oak [16]

H to L[edit]

Botanical name Common name Example References
Hedera helix Ivy
Ivy, GSBF-CN 141, September 12, 2008.jpg
Gledista triacanthos Honey Locust
Hibiscus syriacus Hibiscus
Ilex Holly
Jacaranda mimosifolia Blue jacaranda [17]
Jasminum nudiflorum Winter Jasmine
Juniperus procumbens Dwarf Japanese Garden Juniper
Dwarf Japanese Juniper, 1975-2007.jpg
Juniperus chinensis Chinese Juniper, Shimpaku
Goshin, September 15, 2007.jpg
Juniperus squamata Blue Juniper
Juniperus virginiana Eastern Juniper
Lagerstroemia, including Lagerstroemia indica Crape myrtle, Indian Lilac [18]
Lantana camara Spanish Flag, West Indian Lantana, Jamaica Mountain Sage, Surinam Tea Plant [19]
Larix Japanese Larch, American Larch, Tamarack
Larix laricina bonsai by Nick Lenz.jpg
Ligustrum Privet
Japanese Privet at GSBF Collection North, number 236, September 12, 2008.jpg
Liquidambar Sweetgum
Sweet Gum bonsai 273, October 10, 2008.jpg
Lonicera Shrubby Honeysuckles
Honeysuckle bonsai 2-3-08.jpg

M to P[edit]

Botanical name Common name Example References
Maclura pomifera Osage Orange
Malpighia, including Malpighia coccigera Barbados Cherry [20]
Magnolia stellata Star Magnolia
Malpighia, including Malpighia coccigera Barbados Cherry [20]
Malus Apple/Crabapple
Crabapple, 1978-2007.jpg
Mangifera Mangifera
Mangifera bonsai.jpg
Metasequoia Dawn Redwood
Bonsai Dwarf Dawn Redwood bonsai, July 14, 2008.jpg
Murraya paniculata Orange Jasmine, Satinwood [21]
Myrciaria cauliflora Jaboticaba
Jaboticaba bonsai, June 7, 2008.jpg
[22]
Myrtus, including Myrtus communis Myrtle
Myrtle (Myrtus communis) bonsai.jpg
[23]
Nandina domestica Sacred or Heavenly Bamboo
Nashia inaguensis Bahama berry
Neea buxifolia
Nothofagus Southern beeches
Olea europaea Olive, European olive
Olivera bonsai.jpg
[24]
Parthenocissus Creeper, Boston Ivy
Parthenocissus quinquefolia bonsai at the BBG, August 2, 2008.jpg
Phyllostachys Bamboo
Picea Spruce
Filoli Bonsai spruce.jpg
Pieris Andromeda
Pinus clausa Sand Pine
Pinus mugo Mugo Pine, Mountain Pine
Pinus mugo bonsai at the BBG, August 2, 2008.jpg
Pinus parviflora Japanese White Pine
Japanese White Pine, 1625-2007.jpg
Pinus thunbergii Japanese Black Pine
Japanese Black Pine, 1936-2007.jpg
Pinus virginiana Virginia Pine
Pinus ponderosa Western Yellow Pine
Western Yellow Pine, 1966-2007.jpg
Pittosporum Pittosporum
Podocarpus, including Podocarpus macrophyllus Podocarpus, Yew Podocarpus, Kusamaki
Podocarpus macrophyllus bonsai.jpg
[25]
Polyscias fruticosa Ming Aralia [26]
Portulacaria afra Dwarf jade, elephant food, elephant bush [27]
Prunus serrulata Japanese Flowering Cherry (櫻)
Prunus mume Flowering Apricot (梅)
Ume bonsai.jpg
Pseudosasa Bamboo
Punica granatum, including Punica granatum 'Nana' Pomegranate
Punica granatum bonsai.jpg
Punica granatum bonsai 17 01 2012.jpg
[28]
Pyracantha Firethorn
Pyracantha crenulata - JBM.jpg
[29]

Q to Z[edit]

Botanical name Common name Example References
Quercus Oak
Daimyo Oak.jpg
Rhaphiolepis indica Indian Hawthorn
Rhododendron, including Rhododendron simsii, Rhododendron indicum, Rhododendron obtusum var amoenum Azalea, Satsuki azalea, Kurume azalea
Satsuki Azalea, 1973-2007.jpg
[30]
Robinia pseudoacacia Black Locust
Sageretia, including Sageretia theezans Chinese Sweet Plum, Pauper's Tea
Pauper's Tea bonsai 115, October 10, 2008.jpg
[31]
Sasa Bamboo
Schefflera actinophylla Australian Umbrella Tree [32]
Serissa foetida Snow Rose, Japanese Boxthorn, Tree of a Thousand Stars
Japanese Boxthorn, 1951-2007.jpg
[33]
Sorbus Rowan and Whitebeam
Syzygium australe Brush cherry, Woolgoolga
Syzygium smithii
(=Acmena smithii)
Brush cherry
Syzygium smithii bons email.jpg
Tamarix Tamarisk
Taxodium ascendens Pond cypress
Taxodium distichum Baldcypress
Bald Cypress, 1987-2007.jpg
Taxus Yew
Yew bonsai, Bonsai Soceity of Greater Hartford.jpg
[34]
Thymus Thyme
Thymus bonsai.jpg
Tsuga Hemlock
Ulmus alata Winged Elm
Ulmus crassifolia Cedar Elm
Ulmus minor Field Elm
Smoothleaf Elm, 1982-2007.jpg
Ulmus parvifolia Chinese Elm
Chinese Elm, 1988-2007.jpg
[35]
Wisteria floribunda Japanese Wisteria
Japanese Wisteria, 1925-2007.jpg
Wisteria sinensis Chinese Wisteria
Zelkova serrata Japanese Elm
Japanese Zelkova bonsai 16, October 10, 2008.jpg
Zanthoxylum Chinese Pepper

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sampson, pp. 42-43
  2. ^ Sampson, pp. 38-41
  3. ^ Sampson, pp. 44-45
  4. ^ Sampson, pp. 46-47
  5. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 32-33
  6. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 34-35
  7. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 35-36
  8. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 38-39
  9. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 40-41
  10. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 42-43
  11. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 46-47
  12. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 44-45
  13. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 48-49
  14. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 54-55
  15. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 50-51
  16. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 52-53
  17. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 56-57
  18. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 58-59
  19. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 60-61
  20. ^ a b Lesniewicz, pp. 62-63
  21. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 64-65
  22. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 66-67
  23. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 68-69
  24. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 70-71
  25. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 72-73
  26. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 74-75
  27. ^ D'Cruz, Mark. "Ma-Ke Bonsai Care Guide for Portulacaria afra". Ma-Ke Bonsai. Retrieved 2011-11-19. 
  28. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 76-77
  29. ^ D'Cruz, Mark. "Ma-Ke Bonsai Care Guide for Pyracantha coccinea". Ma-Ke Bonsai. Retrieved 2011-11-19. 
  30. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 78-79
  31. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 80-81
  32. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 82-83
  33. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 84-85
  34. ^ D'Cruz, Mark. "Ma-Ke Bonsai Care Guide for Taxus baccata". Ma-Ke Bonsai. Retrieved 2011-11-19. 
  35. ^ Lesniewicz, pp. 86-87

Bibliography[edit]

  • Lesniewicz, Paul (1988). Indoor Bonsai (Reprinted 1987. ed.). New York: Blandford Press. ISBN 0-7137-1700-9. 
  • Samson, Isabelle & Rémy; Ducugis, diseases by Danièle Molez, other illustrations by Valerie (2000). The Creative Art of Bonsai (Rev. ed. ed.). China: Hamlyn. ISBN 0-600-60180-3. 

External links[edit]