List of sports terms named after people

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of eponyms in sports, i.e. sports terms named after people.

American football[edit]

Artistic gymnastics[edit]

  • Amanar (vault), Yurchenko on - 2½ twist off(vault), after Simona Amânar (Romania).
  • Belyavskiy (Parallel bars) Double front salto dismount in piked position. Named after David Belyavskiy (Russia)
  • Blanik, named after Leszek Blanik, a Polish artistic gymnast.
  • Borden - straddle pike jump from a sideways position or side split jump done on the balance beam with a ½ or ¾ turn, after Amanda Borden (USA)[1]
  • Bhardwaj (uneven bar)-the high bar, does a backward flip (Pak Salto), with full-twist, and catches the low bar, after Mohini Bhardwaj (USA).[2]
  • Bhavsar (rings)-pull through momentary, front lever press to Maltese, after Raj Bhavsar (USA).
  • Bhavsar II (parallel bars) Long Hang Swing forward, straddle cut backward, and regrasp with straight body at horizontal (Tippelt to long hang swing)
  • Bi - Turn (uneven bars), after Bi Wenjing (China).
  • Biles (floor) - double layout with 1/2 turn, after Simone Biles (USA)
  • Brause (uneven bars)-done from the low bar facing away from the high bar, with a cast to front salto forward and catching the high bar, after Doris Fuchs-Brause (USA)
  • Bryan (pommel horse) -scissors with ½ turn to handstand, ½ pirouette and straddle back down,after Casey Bryan. (USA)
  • Bulimar (floor) is a Johnson leap (switch leap with 14 turn to side position) with additional 11 turn, after Diana Bulimar (Romania)
  • Cassina (horizontal bar), after Igor Cassina (Italy).
  • Cheng Fei - Yurchenko 1/2 on - 1½ twist off(vault), after Cheng Fei (China).
  • Chusovitina (floor) - Full Twisting Double Layout Salto and Chusovitina (vault) - Handspring forward on, piled salto with 1/1 twist off,after Oksana Chusovitina (Uzbekistan).
  • Chow/Khorkina (unven bars)-Stalder 1½ pirouette and Chow II (unven bars)-Stalder to Shaposhnikova, after Amy Chow (USA)
  • Comaneci salto (uneven bars)- front support on HB, cast with salto forward straddle to hang on HB, after Nadia Comăneci (Romania).
  • Daggett (pommel horse) - scissor backward with ½ counterturn, after Tim Daggett (USA)
  • Dawes (uneven bars) - back giant with 1 ½ turn in the handstand, after Dominique Dawes (USA)
  • Diomidov (parallel bars), swing forward with a full turn on one arm to handstand, after Sergei Diomidov (USSR).[1]
  • Dos Santos (floor) Double Arabian piked and Dos Santos II (floor), Double Arabian laid-out, after Daiane dos Santos (Brazil).
  • Drăgulescu (vault), handspring double front somersault with half turn, after Marian Drăgulescu(România).
  • Erceg (balance beam mount),after Tina Erceg
  • Ferrari (floor) - a ring tour jete with ½ turn and a landing on both feet, after Vanessa Ferrari (Italy)
  • Fontaine (uneven bars dismount) -double somersaulting dismount is a back tuck with ½ twist into a front, after Larissa Fontaine.
  • Galante (beam) - 1 1/2 turn with leg held in split position, after Paola Galante (Italy)
  • Garrison (floor)-cat leap forward with bent legs and 1 ½ turn, Garrison (balance beam)- free shoulder roll forward to stand or tuck stand without hand support, Garrison (balance beam)-starts from an extended tuck sit, Valdez swing over backward through horizontal plane with support on one arm and Garrison (balance beam)-round-off, tucked full mount, after Kelly Garrison (USA)
  • Gatson (parallel bars)-a swing backward with full turn hop to handstand, after Jason Gatson (USA).
  • Gaylord I (horizontal bar)-front giant into a one-and-one-half front salto over the bar to regrasp – a front somersault in tuck, pike or straddled position over the bar, after Gaylord II (horizontal bar)-back giant into a layout Gienger (back salto, ½ ) over the bar to regrasp – a front somersault in tuck, pike or straddled position over the bar., after Mitch Gaylord (USA).[3]
  • Gienger salto (high bar, uneven bars), after Eberhard Gienger (Germany)[4]
  • Gómez (floor) - Quadruple spin, after Elena Gómez (Spain)
  • Grigoraş (beam), after Cristina Elena Grigoraş (Romania).
  • Hayden (horizontal bar) -a double salto backward in layout, with full twist over the bar, after Daniel Hayden (USA)
  • Henrich (balance beam) -a stag-split,r split leap or jump forward with ½ turn, landing on both feet or in a one-two step-out or a split jump in side position with bending of rear leg backward upward that starts from a cross stand, after Christy Henrich (USA)
  • Hindorff (uneven bars), cleat hip circle to immediate Tkatchev release, after Sylvia Hindorff (GDR).[1]
  • Huang (uneven bars), -a stalder forward in L-grip with full turn to handstand, initiated on one arm before handstand, after Huang QiuShuang (China)
  • Humphrey (floor) -switch split leap forward with a ¼ turn to side split leap or straddle pike position, after Terin Humphrey (USA)
  • Hypolito (floor), after Diego Hypólito (Brazil).
  • Jäger-salto (high bar, uneven bars), swing backward and salto forward to catch high bar again after Bernd Jäger (GDR).[1]
  • Janz Salto (uneven bars), after Karin Janz. (GDR)
  • Johnson (floor)-a switch-split leap forward with leg change and ¼ turn to side split leap or straddle pike position, after Brandy Johnson (USA)
  • Kasamatsu (vault), after Shigero Kasamatsu (Japan).[5]
  • Kim (floor), Double tuck back salto, after Nellie Kim (USSR)
  • Khorkina (floor), Hop with 1.5 turns to front lying support, after Svetlana Khorkina
  • Khorkina I (uneven bars), Khorkina II (uneven bars), Khorkina (balance beam), Khorkina/Chow (uneven bars), Khorkina (floor), Khorkina I (vault) and Khorkina II (vault), after Svetlana Khorkina (Russia).
  • Kolman (horizontal bar), a full-twisting Kovacs, with two back somersaults and one full twist over the bar, after Alojz Kolman.[3]
  • Komova (uneven bar), Clear pike circle backward through handstand with flight and ½ turn (180°) to hang on high bar (Uneven bars), and Komova II (uneven bars), clear pike circle backwards through handstand with flight to hang on high bar, after Viktoria Komova (Russia).
  • Kononenko (Uneven Bars) - counter straddle hecht with 1/2 turn to hang on high bar in mixed L-grip, after Natalia Kononenko (Ukraine).
  • Kotchetkova (balance beam)- full-twisting back handspring, after Dina Kotchetkova(RUS)
  • Korbut Flip (balance beam)-standing back somersault, Korbut Flip (uneven bars)-standing on the high bar, does back flip, then catches the bar, after Olga Korbut (USSR).
  • Kovacs (horizontal bar), double backward somersault over bar, after Péter Kovács.[1]
  • Liukin (floor), after Valeri Liukin (USSR)
  • Liukin (balance beam) - salto forward piked, take off from one leg to one foot landing to scale, hold for two seconds, after Nastia Liukin (USA)
  • Li Li - German Giant (uneven bar), Li Li - 1¼ turn on back (balance beam), after Li Li (China).
  • Li Ya - salto (uneven bar), Li Ya - dismount after Li Ya (China).
  • Liu Xuan - salto (uneven bar) - Giant circle backward to handstand on one arm, after Liu Xuan (China).
  • Magyar walk (pommel horse), after Zoltán Magyar (Hungary).[1]
  • Maloney (uneven bars)-a pike sole circle backward to handstand with a 360° turn after the handstand phase to mixed-L or L grip and Maloney (uneven bars)-begins from an inner front support on the low bar and consists of a pike sole circle backward through a handstand with flight to a hang on the high bar, after Kristen Maloney (USA)
  • Ma dismount (uneven bar)-a hecht-front salto-full, after Ma Yanhong (China).
  • McCool (balance beam) -The beam mount approaches toward the end of the beam and is a flyspring forward with flight before and after the hand support on the beam and lands on both feet - approach at end of beam, after Courtney McCool (USA)
  • McNamara (uneven bars (mount))- a jump to hang on the high bar into a free hip circle to handstand with 1/2 turn in the handstand, after Julianne McNamara (USA)
  • Melissanidis (vault)-A round-off entry onto the vault table and after blocking off the vault table, rotates a 2 ½ back somersault, after Melissanidis (Greece)
  • Memmel (floor) - Double Turn with leg held in split position, after Chellsie Memmel (USA)
  • Miller - (uneven bars) cast to handstand with 1½ turn after handstand to mixed-L grip, and (balance beam) back dive 1/4 turn to handstand, 1/2 turn pirouette to front split in handstand after Shannon Miller (USA).
  • Mitchell (floor/beam) - triple turn (1080°) in tuck stand on one leg - free leg optional after Lauren Mitchell (AUS)
  • Mo - salto (uneven bar), after Mo Huilan (China).[2]
  • Moors - (uneven bar) from underswing, with feet on bar, salto forward stretched with 1/2 turn, after Victoria Moors (Canada).
  • Moors - (floor exercise) double twisting double layout, named after Victoria Moors (Canada)
  • Mostepanova (floor) - Front Handspring with full twist before hand support, after Olga Mostepanova
  • Mukhina Salto (floor) - double salto forward tucked or piked, with full 360 twist and Mukhina (uneven bars) - Korbut flip with 1/1 twist - named after Elena Mukhina.
  • Mustafina (Uneven Bars) - 1½ twisting double back tuck dismount, named after Aliya Mustafina (Russia)
  • Okino (uneven bars (dismount))-a free hip underswing with ½ twist to layout back salto and Okino (balance beam)- triple pirouette (triple turn), after Elizabeth (Betty) Okino
  • Omelianchik (balance beam) and Omelianchik (vault), after Oksana Omelianchik (USSR).
  • O'Neill (still rings)- a stretched double feige backward to a hang, after Paul O'Neill (USA)
  • Onodi (balance beam),back handspring with 1/2 turn, after Henrietta Ónodi (Hungary).[1]
  • Pak Salto (uneven bars)-the high bar, does a backward flip, and catches the low bar, after Gyong Sil Pak (North Korea)[2]
  • Patterson (balance beam) - A double Arabian dismount, after Carly Patterson (USA).
  • Pegan (horizontal bar) - A double front salto with half turn - 180°, after Aljaž Pegan (SLO).
  • Phillps (balance beam) – A handstand straddle split, with a 90 degree backbend, originally performed on the balance beam and press to side handstand, front walkover to side stand on both legs, after Kristie Phillps (USA)
  • Preziosa (balance beam) – full turn with free leg held backwards with both hands, after Elisabetta Preziosa (Italy)
  • Podkopayeva (vault), round-off, half twist on, 1 1/2 front pike somersault off and Podkopayeva (floor) - double front somersault with a 1/2 twist, after Lilia Podkopayeva (Ukraine).[1]
  • Popa (floor) - straddle pike jump with 1/1 turn (360°), after Celestina Popa (Romania)[1]
  • Produnova (vault)- Handspring forward on – tucked double salto forward off, after Elena Produnova (RUS)
  • Ray I (uneven bars) - a stalder backward with release and counter movement forward to catch the high bar, Ray II (uneven bars) - a handstand on the high bar to a pike sole circle backward into a backward counter straddle-reverse hecht over the high bar and a recatch and Ray III (uneven bars dismount) - An double twisting double layout uneven bar dismount, after Elise Ray (USA)
  • The Retton Flip (uneven bars) – a transition (front flip) from low- to high-bar, resulting in the gymnast perched or "sitting" on top of the high bar, after Mary Lou Retton (USA)
  • Roth (pommel horse) – from a cross support, rearways, reverse Stockli, wendeswing forward to reverse Stockli to cross support forward on other end, without touching pommels, after Bill Roth (USA)
  • Semenova (floor) - a double spin with the leg in back attitude, and Semenova (beam) full spin with leg in back attitude, after Ksenia Semenova (Russia)
  • Seitz (uneven bars) -in the low bar, pike sole circle through handstand with flight to hang on the high bar with 1/1 twist during flight phase, after Elisabeth Seitz (Germany).
  • shaham (high bar)- after Noam Shaham (Israel)
  • Shaposhnikova (uneven bars), on the low bar, free hip circle with flight to hang on high bar, after Natalia Shaposhnikova (USSR).[2]
  • Shewfelt (vault) Yurchenko stretched with 5/2 twists Kyle Shewfelt (Canada)
  • Shushunova (floor),straddle jump to lay on front support, after Yelena Shushunova (Russia).
  • Silivaş mount (balance beam) and Silivaş (floor), after Daniela Silivaş (Romania)[1]
  • Stalder (high bar) Free circle bwd. straddle or legs together through handstand Josef Stalder (Swiss)
  • Stroescu (floor) is a stretched forward salto with 2½ twists after Silvia Stroescu, Romania
  • Strong (uneven bars) and Lori hop (balance beam), after Lori Strong
  • Strug (floor) – a tour jete with additional ½ turn and a landing on both feet, after Kerri Strug (USA)[1]
  • Talavera (balance beam) – pommel horse-like move with the circle done like a flair, after Tracee Talavera
  • Teza (balance beam) – Yurchenko loop is performed with a full twisting handspring, after Elvire Teza (France)[1]
  • Thomas flair (pommel horse, floor exercise), Thomas salto (floor) – a 1 ½ salto backward in a tucked or piked position with 1 ½ twists and, Thomas salto (floor) - 1 ½ salto backward in a layout (straight) position with 1 ½ twists, after Kurt Thomas (USA).
  • Tkachev (uneven bars), reverse hecht, can be performed in straddled, piked, tucked or laid-out, after Alexander Tkachyov (USSR).[2]
  • Tsukahara (vault), involving a quarter or half onto the vault and a back salto off, after Mitsuo Tsukahara (Japan).[3]
  • Tweddle (uneven bars), sole circle backward with counter straddle hecht with 1/2 turn to hang on high bar in mixed L-grip, after Beth Tweddle (Great Britain).
  • Urzică(uneven bars)eponymous salto forward to 1/1 turn to upper arm hang rated, after Marius Urzică, Romania
  • Van Leeuwen (uneven bars) - in the low bar, pike sole circle through handstand with flight to hang on high bar with 1/2 twist diring flight phase, after Laura Van Leeuwen (Netherlands).
  • Wang Huiying - Front Handspring layout barani (vault), after Wang Huiying (China).
  • Wells (parallel bars) – a giant swing backward with in-locate forward, after Trent Wells
  • White (uneven bars) – a front stalder into an L-grip to handstand with ½ turn in handstand, after Morgan White
  • Wong (Balance Beam) - salto forward tucked with 1/2 turn mount, after Hiu Ying Angel Wong (Hong Kong).
  • Yang (vault) - handspring triple twist, after Yang Hak-Seon (Korea).
  • Yang Bo (balance beam), after Yang Bo (China).[1]
  • Yurchenko (vault) round-off, backhandspring onto the vaulting table and Yurchenko loop (balance beam)on side position, back handspring to backward hip circle, after Natalia Yurchenko (USSR).[3]
  • Zamolodchikova - Tsukahara stretched with 2/1 turn (720°) off (vault), flic-flac with 1/1 twist to hip circle BWD (balance beam), after Elena Zamolodchikova (RUS).
  • Yarotskaya (uneven bars) - Stalder hecht from low bar to high bar, after Irina Yarotskaya (Ukraine).
  • Zonderland (parallel bars) - 5/4 Diamadov to one bar immediate 3/4 Healy to both bars, named after Epke Zonderland (Netherlands).

Association football[edit]

Athletics[edit]

Baseball[edit]

Brazilian Jiu Jitsu[edit]

Boxing[edit]

Cricket[edit]

Croquet[edit]

  • Duffer tice, a tice positioned, usually a yard or so North, and a touch East, of Hoop 6, laid on the second turn of the game. Named after the Irish croquet player Duff Mathews.[6]
  • Peel, to send a ball other than the striker's ball through its target hoop, named after Walter Peel [7][8]
  • Solomon grip, the grip used by John Solomon.[6]

Figure skating[edit]

Ice hockey[edit]

Rhythmic gymnastics[edit]

  • The Shugurova, after Galina Shugurova (USSR) - tipping / spinning a rolling hoop with the feet during a leap.
  • The Timochenko, after Alexandra Timoshenko (USSR).
  • Backscale Pivots, after Alina Kabaeva (RUS).
  • The Cid Tostado, after Almudena Cid Tostado - starting on one knee, leg forward, ball held with the foot. large roll of the ball on both legs.
  • The Kabaeva - on floor Back split pivot with hand help, after Alina Kabaeva (RUS).
  • The Tchachina - Switch leap with changing legs, after Irina Tchachina (RUS).
  • Reverse illusion turns, after Irina Tchachina (RUS).
  • The Utyasheva - backsplit to backscale to backsplit pivot with help, after Laysan Utiasheva.
  • Ring Pivots (ring pivot spiral also known as "Kanaeva Pivot", quadruple/triple ring turn, quadruple queen pivot), after Evgenia Kanaeva (RUS).
  • Switch Turn, after Evgenia Kanaeva (RUS).
  • Pivot Turn revolutions (pivot turn with forward free leg to half free leg position), after Daria Kondakova (RUS).
  • Pivot connecting turns (attitude turns + ring pivot turn with help), after Daria Dmitrieva (RUS).
  • The Staniouta - cossack turn starting on floor + connecting penchee turn, after Melitina Staniouta (BLR).
  • The Kudry, after Yana Kudryavtseva - Back bend to roll over apparatus catch.

Rugby league[edit]

Skiing[edit]

Tennis[edit]

Henman Hill AKA Aorangi Terrace after Tim Henman

Ultimate (Frisbee)[edit]

Weightlifting[edit]

Wrestling[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Joel Alswang (2003). The South African Dictionary of Sport. Spearhead. pp. 140–143. ISBN 9780864865359. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Uneven Bars Skills Terminology". USGym.net. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Gymnastics Glossary". iSport. 
  4. ^ "Eberhard Gienger". International Gymnastics Hall of Fame. 
  5. ^ "Shigeru Kasamatsu". International Gymnastics Hall of Fame. 
  6. ^ a b "Croquet Jargon". The Croquet Association. 28 December 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2013. 
  7. ^ Laws of Association Croquet, 6th Edition, amended 2008, Croquet Association.
  8. ^ Hawkins, James (2010). Complete Croquet: A Guide to Skills, Tactics, and Strategy. Crowood Press. ISBN 978-1-84797-168-5.