List of state leaders in 1938

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This is a list of heads of state, government leaders, and other rulers in the year 1938.

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

Oceania[edit]

South America[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tenzin Gyatso was only enthroned in 1950, Tibet accepted Chinese sovereignty in 1951, the Dalai Lama went into exile in 1959, and his political role in the government-in-exile ended in 2011.
  2. ^ Ibn Saud was Emir of Nejd and Hasa between 1902 and 1921, Sultan of Nejd between 1921 and 1927, King of Nejd between 1927 and 1932 additionally King of Hejaz between 1926 and 1932 (collectively referred to as King of Nejd and Hejaz), and King of Saudi Arabia from 1932.
  3. ^ Yemen only became independent in 1918.
  4. ^ Zog I was in power as President of Albania under the name of Ahmet Zogu between 1925 and 1928.
  5. ^ German prisoner between 1940 an 1945, in exile between 1945 and 1950.
  6. ^ Hácha was State President of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia between 1939 and 1945.
  7. ^ The title of the Estonian head of state changed from President-Regent to President of the Republic on April 24, 1938.
  8. ^ In exile between 1941 and 1946.
  9. ^ In exile between 1940 and 1945.
  10. ^ In exile between 1940 and 1944.
  11. ^ In exile between 1940 and 1945.
  12. ^ In exile between 1940 and 1945.
  13. ^ In exile between 1940 and 1945.
  14. ^ The title of the Soviet head of state changed from 'Chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the Congress of Soviets' to 'Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet' in January 1938.
  15. ^ Kalinin was head of state of Russia (Chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the All-Russian Congress of Soviets) from 1919 to 1938, and head of state of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1946.
  16. ^ The seven member Swiss Federal Council is the collective head of state and the government of Switzerland. Within the Council, the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  17. ^ In exile from 1941.
  18. ^ The title of the Bolivian head of state changed from Chairman of the Government Junta to President on 28 May 1938.