List of state leaders in 1985

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This is a list of heads of state, government leaders, and other rulers in the year 1985.

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

Oceania[edit]

South America[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lesotho only became independent in 1966.
  2. ^ Bophuthatswana was only declared to be independent in 1977.
  3. ^ Ciskei was only declared to be independent in 1981, before independence Lennox Sebe was titled Chief Minister.
  4. ^ Venda was only declared to be independent in 1979.
  5. ^ Julius Nyerere was President of Tanganyika from 1962 to 1964.
  6. ^ Bahrain only became independent in 1971, until then the monarch was titled Hakim of Bahrain.
  7. ^ Bahrain only became independent in 1971.
  8. ^ Brunei only became independent in 1984.
  9. ^ Hu Yaobang was Chairman of the Communist Party of China 1981-1982 and General Secretary of the Communist Party of China 1980-1987, but the latter post only became the top position of the party on 12 September 1982.
  10. ^ Hun Sen was titled Second Prime Minister between 1993 and 1998.
  11. ^ a b In exile between 1990 and 1991.
  12. ^ Qatar only became independent in 1971.
  13. ^ Singapore only became independent in 1965.
  14. ^ Prime minister of North Vietnam from 1955 to 1976.
  15. ^ Ali Abdullah Saleh became President of Yemen upon unification in 1990.
  16. ^ Richard von Weizsäcker was President of unified Germany from 1990.
  17. ^ Helmut Kohl was Chancellor of unified Germany from 1990.
  18. ^ The seven member Swiss Federal Council is the collective head of state and the government of Switzerland. Within the Council, the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  19. ^ Antigua and Barbuda only became independent in 1981, until then Sir Wilfred Jacobs was titled Governor of Antigua and Barbuda.
  20. ^ Antigua and Barbuda only became independent in 1981.
  21. ^ The Bahamas only became independent on 1973.
  22. ^ Saint Kitts and Nevis only became independent in 1983, until then Sir Clement Arrindell was titled Governor of Saint Christopher and Nevis.
  23. ^ Saint Kitts and Nevis only became independent in 1983.
  24. ^ Saint Vincent and the Grenadines only became independent in 1979, until then Sir Sydney Gun-Munro was titled Governor of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
  25. ^ Ellis Clarke was titled Governor-General of Trinidad and Tobago between 1972 and 1976 under the monarchy.
  26. ^ Fiji only became independent in 1970, until when Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara was titled Chief Minister of Fiji.
  27. ^ a b Tonga only became independent in 1970.
  28. ^ Vanuatu only became independent in 1980.