List of state leaders in 2011

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This is a list of heads of state, government leaders, and other rulers in the year 2011.




North America[edit]


South America[edit]


  1. ^ Eritrea only became independent in 1993.
  2. ^ Until 2011 Salva Kiir Mayardit was president of the autonomous region of Southern Sudan.
  3. ^ Bahrain only became independent in 1971.
  4. ^ Brunei only became independent in 1984.
  5. ^ Hun Sen was titled Second Prime Minister between 1993 and 1998.
  6. ^ Between 2005 and 2010 the Presidency Council of Iraq was the collective head of state, while Jalal Talabani held the title President of Iraq.
  7. ^ Kazakhstan only became independent in 1991.
  8. ^ The position of the Chairman was declared to be the "highest office of state" by the constitution that came into effect on 5 September 1998.
  9. ^ Uzbekistan only became independent in 1991.
  10. ^ Ali Abdullah Saleh was President of North Yemen until 1990.
  11. ^ Transnistria only declared independence in 1991.
  12. ^ Montenegro only became independent in 2006.
  13. ^ Serbia only became independent in 2006.
  14. ^ The seven member Swiss Federal Council is the collective head of state and the government of Switzerland. Within the Council, the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  15. ^ The title of the Montserratian head of government changed from Chief Minister to Premier on 27 September 2011.
  16. ^ a b c Kilman was elected by Parliament in December 2010, then ousted in a vote of no confidence in April 2011, and succeeded by Vohor. In May, the Court of Appeal annulled Vohor's election on the grounds of a constitutional irregularity, and reinstated Kilman. In June, Kilman's premiership was itself voided, by the Supreme Court, due to a constitutional irregularity in his initial election in December. Natapei, the most recent lawfully elected Prime Minister (in 2008), then served briefly as interim Prime Minister, until Parliament elected Kilman again later that month. Legally, Kilman and Vohor's terms in office between December 2010 and early June 2011 have been declared null and void, as it was retroactively established that they were not lawfully holding office during that time.
  17. ^ President Dilma Rousseff was sworn in at noon on 1 January.[citation needed] Meaning that Lula da Silva was in office for the first 12 hours of 2011.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]