List of state leaders in 2012

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This is a list of heads of state, government leaders, and other rulers in the year 2012.

Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

Oceania[edit]

South America[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Eritrea only became independent in 1993.
  2. ^ During Bilal Ag Acherif's incapacity from June 26 until July 12, 2012.
  3. ^ South Sudan only became independent in 2011.
  4. ^ Bahrain only became independent in 1971.
  5. ^ Brunei only became independent in 1984.
  6. ^ Hun Sen was titled Second Prime Minister between 1993 and 1998.
  7. ^ Between 2005 and 2010 the Presidency Council of Iraq was the collective head of state, while Jalal Talabani held the title President of Iraq.
  8. ^ Kazakhstan only became independent in 1991.
  9. ^ Kim Jong-un was referred to as 'supreme leader' in 2011, and then appointed as First Chairman of the National Defence Commission in 2012, having been the de facto leader of the country throughout.
  10. ^ Uzbekistan only became independent in 1991.
  11. ^ Ali Abdullah Saleh was President of North Yemen until 1990.
  12. ^ Montenegro only became independent in 2006.
  13. ^ Serbia only became independent in 2006.
  14. ^ The seven member Swiss Federal Council is the collective head of state and the government of Switzerland. Within the Council, the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]