List of state leaders in 2013

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This is a list of heads of state, government leaders, and other rulers in the year 2013.




North America[edit]


South America[edit]


  1. ^ The title changed from President to Head of State of the Transition on 18 July 2013.
  2. ^ Eritrea only became independent in 1993.
  3. ^ South Sudan only became independent in 2011.
  4. ^ Bahrain only became independent in 1971.
  5. ^ Brunei only became independent in 1984.
  6. ^ Hun Sen was titled Second Prime Minister between 1993 and 1998.
  7. ^ Between 2005 and 2010 the Presidency Council of Iraq was the collective head of state, while Jalal Talabani held the title President of Iraq.
  8. ^ Palestinian Authority renamed itself State of Palestine on 6 Jan 2013 (move not recognized by Israel). Do not confuse with State of Palestine proclaimed on 15 November 1988 by Palestinian National Council (PNC) in Algiers which remains a putative state, in fact ineffective despite partial international recognition.
  9. ^ Kazakhstan only became independent in 1991.
  10. ^ Kim Jong-un was referred to as 'supreme leader' in 2011, and then appointed as First Chairman of the National Defence Commission in 2012, having been the de facto leader of the country throughout.
  11. ^ Uzbekistan only became independent in 1991.
  12. ^ Montenegro only became independent in 2006.
  13. ^ The seven member Swiss Federal Council is the collective head of state and the government of Switzerland. Within the Council, the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]