List of state leaders in 590s BC

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This is a list of state leaders in the 590s BC (599 BC–590 BC). The column "Title" refers to being of the state in question (e.g. "Emperor" under the heading "Japan" means "Emperor of Japan") unless otherwise stated.

Africa[edit]

Cyrene[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Arcesilaus King Battiad dynasty 600 BC 583 BC

Egypt[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Necho II Pharaoh Twenty-sixth dynasty 610 BC 595 BC
Sovereign Psamtik II Pharaoh Twenty-sixth dynasty 595 BC 589 BC

Kush[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Aspelta King 600 BC 580 BC

Middle East and Asia Minor[edit]

Babylonia[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Nebuchadnezzar II King Eleventh dynasty 605 BC 562 BC

Elam[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Hallutash-Inshushinak King of Susa Humban-Tahrid dynasty  ?  ?
Sovereign Ummanunu I King of Susa Humban-Tahrid dynasty First quarter of the 6th century BC
Sovereign Shilhak-Inshushinak II King of Susa Humban-Tahrid dynasty First quarter of the 6th century BC

Judah[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Jehoiakim King David 609 BC 598 BC
Sovereign Jeconiah King David 598 BC 598 BC or 597 BC
Sovereign Zedekiah King David 597 BC 587 BC or 586 BC

Lydia[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Alyattes King Mermnads 617 BC 560 BC

Median Empire[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Cyaxares the Great King 625 BC 585 BC

Urartu[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Sarduri IV King 615 BC 595 BC
Sovereign Rusa IV King 595 BC 585 BC

Asia[edit]

Arakan (Burma)[edit]

Mythological monarchs[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Sandima King Second Danyawaddy 614 BC 577 BC

China[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Ding King Zhou dynasty 606 BC 586 BC [1]

Vassal states[edit]

  • Note: Only vassal states where the rulers and their reigning years are known are listed here.
State Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Cai Sovereign Wen Marquis Ji 611 BC 592 BC [2]
Sovereign Jing Marquis Ji 591 BC 543 BC [2]
Cao Sovereign Wen Duke 617 BC 595 BC [3]
Sovereign Xuan Duke 594 BC 578 BC [3]
Chen Sovereign Ling Duke 613 BC 599 BC [4]
Sovereign Jun Zheng Shu Duke 599 BC 599 BC [4]
Sovereign Cheng Duke 598 BC 569 BC [4]
Chu Sovereign Zhuang King Mi 613 BC 591 BC [5]
Sovereign Gong King Mi 590 BC 560 BC [5]
Jin Sovereign Jing Duke Ji 599 BC 581 BC [6]
Lu Sovereign Xuan Duke Ji 608 BC 591 BC [7]
Sovereign Cheng Duke Ji 590 BC 573 BC [7]
Qi Sovereign Hui Duke Jiang 608 BC 599 BC [8]
Sovereign Qing Duke Jiang 598 BC 582 BC [8]
Qi (Henan) Sovereign Huan Duke 636 BC 567 BC [9]
Qin Sovereign Huan Duke Ying 603 BC 577 BC [10]
Song Sovereign Wen Duke 610 BC 589 BC [11]
Teng Sovereign Wen I Duke 599 BC 574 BC [12]
Wey Sovereign Mu Duke 599 BC 589 BC [13]
Yan Sovereign Xuan Duke 601 BC 587 BC [14]
Yue Sovereign Wu Ren Marquis 621 BC 591 BC [15]
Sovereign Wu Yi Marquis 591 BC 565 BC [15]
Zheng Sovereign Xiang Duke 604 BC 587 BC [16]

Gojoseon (Korea)[edit]

Legendary monarchs[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Hwiyang King 615 BC 594 BC
Sovereign Bongil King 594 BC 578 BC

Japan[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Jimmu Emperor 18 February 660 BC 9 April 585 BC

Europe[edit]

Athens[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Critias Archon 600 BC 599 BC
Sovereign Unknown Archon 599 BC 597 BC
Sovereign Cypselus Archon 597 BC 596 BC
Sovereign Telecles Archon 596 BC 595 BC
Sovereign Philombrotus Archon 595 BC 594 BC
Sovereign Solon Archon 594 BC 593 BC
Sovereign Dropides Archon 593 BC 592 BC
Sovereign Eucrates Archon 592 BC 591 BC
Sovereign Simon Archon 591 BC 590 BC
(anarchy) 590 BC 589 BC

Corinth[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Periander Tyrant 627 BC 585 BC

Ireland[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Úgaine Mór High King Milesians 634 BC 594 BC
Sovereign Raighan High King Milesians 594 BC
Sovereign Bodbchad High King Milesians 594 BC
Sovereign Lóegaire Lorc High King Milesians 594 BC 592 BC
Sovereign Cobthach Cóel Breg High King Milesians 592 BC 542 BC

Macedonia[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Aeropus I King Argead dynasty 602 BC 576 BC

Rome[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Lucius Tarquinius Priscus King 616 BC 579 BC

Sparta[edit]

Type Name Title Royal house From To Refs
Sovereign Eurycratides King Agiad 615 BC 590 BC
Sovereign Archidamus I King Eurypontid 600 BC 575 BC
Sovereign Leon King Agiad 590 BC 560 BC

References[edit]