List of states and union territories of India by population

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India is a union of 29 states and 7 union territories.[1] As of 2011, with an estimated population of 1.21 billion, India is the world's second most populous country after the People's Republic of China. India occupies 2.4 percent of the world's land surface area and is home to 17.5 percent of the world's population.[2] The eastern and western coastal regions of Deccan plateau are also densely populated regions of India. The Thar desert in western Rajasthan is one of the most densely populated deserts in the world. The northern and north-eastern states along the Himalayas contain cold arid deserts with fertile valleys. These states have less population density due to indomitable physical barriers.[3]

Census of India[edit]

Population density map of India.

The first population census in British India was conducted in 1872. Since India's independence in 1947, a census has been conducted every 10 years, the first occurring in 1951.[4] The census in India is conducted by the Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner under the Ministry of Home Affairs, and is one of the largest administrative tasks conducted by a federal government.[5]

The latest population figures are based on data from the 2011 census of India.[6] During the decade of 2001–2011, India's annual population growth rate has slowed down from 2.15 to 1.76.[6] Based on decennial census data, Dadra and Nagar Haveli have the fastest growth rate of 55.5 percent, followed by Daman and Diu (53.5 percent), Meghalaya (27.8 percent) and Arunachal Pradesh (n size of 1000–1999 and 128,000 villages have population size of 200–499. There are 3,961 villages that have a population of 10,000 persons or more.[2] India's 27.8 percent urban population lives in more than 5,100 towns and over 380 urban agglomerations.[7] In the decade of 1991–2001, migration to major cities caused rapid increase in urban population.[8][9] On the basis of net migrants by last residence during the past decade, Maharashtra had most immigration with 2.3 million, followed by National Capital Territory of Delhi (1.7 million), Gujarat (0.68 million) and Haryana (0.67 million). Uttar Pradesh (−2.6 million) and Bihar (−1.7 million) topped the list for interstate emigration.[10] The five states of Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal and Madhya pradesh account for almost half (47.90 percent) of the total Indian population.[6]

While the national average for sex ratio shows an increase from 933 in 2001 to 940 in 2011,[6] the 2011 census shows a sharp decline in child sex ratio, the number of females per thousand males in a population between age group 0–6 years.[6] States such as Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Mizoram and Andaman and Nicobar Islands recorded an increase in child sex ratio.[6] National child sex ratio has declined from 927 in 2001 to 914 in 2011.[6] Telangana census was separated from Andhra Pradesh state census figures,after Telangana formally took birth on 2 June 2014.[11]

States and union territories (by population)[edit]

The total geographical area of India is 3,287,240 square kilometres (1,269,210 sq mi)α.[2] Population density is rounded to the nearest integer.

As per census data 2011, the total population of India is: 1,210,193,422.[6]

Rank State or union territory Population (2011 Census)[12]
(% of Population of India)[13]
Closest Comparable Country (population)[14] %Decadal Growth (2001–2011) Rural Pop.[15]
( % )
Urban Pop.[15]
( % )
Area[16] Density Sex ratio
01 Uttar Pradesh 199,581,477
(16.49%)
 Brazil 20.1% 155,111,022
(77.72%)
44,470,455
(22.28%)
7005240928000000000240,928 km2 (93,023 sq mi) 7002828000000000000828 /km2 (2,140 /sq mi) 908
02 Maharashtra 112,372,972
(9.28%)
 Mexico 16.0% 61,545,441
(54.77%)
50,827,531
(45.23%)
7005307713000000000307,713 km2 (118,809 sq mi) 7002365000000000000365 /km2 (950 /sq mi) 946
03 Bihar 103,804,637
(8.58%)
 Philippines 25.1% 92,075,028
(88.70%)
11,729,609
(11.30%)
700494163000000000094,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi) 70031102000000000001,102 /km2 (2,850 /sq mi) 916
04 West Bengal 91,347,736
(7.55%)
 Vietnam 13.9% 62,213,676
(68.11%)
29,134,060
(31.89%)
700488752000000000088,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi) 70031029000000000001,029 /km2 (2,670 /sq mi) 947
05 Madhya Pradesh 72,597,565
(6.00%)
 Turkey 20.3% 52,537,899
(72.37%)
20,059,666
(27.63%)
7005308245000000000308,245 km2 (119,014 sq mi) 7002236000000000000236 /km2 (610 /sq mi) 930
06 Tamil Nadu 72,138,958
(5.96%)
 Turkey 15.6% 37,189,229
(51.55%)
34,949,729
(48.45%)
7005130058000000000130,058 km2 (50,216 sq mi) 7002555000000000000555 /km2 (1,440 /sq mi) 995
07 Rajasthan 68,621,012
(5.67%)
 Thailand 21.4% 51,540,236
(75.11%)
17,080,776
(24.89%)
7005342239000000000342,239 km2 (132,139 sq mi) 7002201000000000000201 /km2 (520 /sq mi) 926
08 Karnataka 61,130,704
(5.05%)
 Italy 15.7% 37,552,529
(61.43%)
23,578,175
(38.57%)
7005191791000000000191,791 km2 (74,051 sq mi) 7002319000000000000319 /km2 (830 /sq mi) 968
09 Gujarat 60,383,628
(5.00%)
 Italy 19.2% 34,670,817
(57.42%)
25,712,811
(42.58%)
7005196024000000000196,024 km2 (75,685 sq mi) 7002308000000000000308 /km2 (800 /sq mi) 918
10 Andhra Pradesh 49,386,799
 (4.08%)
 South Korea 7005160205000000000160,205 km2 (61,855 sq mi)
11 Odisha 41,947,358
(3.47%)
 Argentina 14.0% 34,951,234
(83.32%)
6,996,124
(16.68%)
7005155707000000000155,707 km2 (60,119 sq mi) 7002269000000000000269 /km2 (700 /sq mi) 978
12 Telangana 35,286,757
(2.97%)
 Canada 17.87% 21,585,313
(61.33%)
13,608,665
(38.66%)
7005114840000000000114,840 km2 (44,340 sq mi) 7002307000000000000307 /km2 (800 /sq mi) 988
13 Kerala 33,387,677
(2.76%)
 Morocco 4.9% 17,445,506
(52.28%)
15,932,171
(47.72%)
700438863000000000038,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi) 7002859000000000000859 /km2 (2,220 /sq mi) 1,084
14 Jharkhand 32,966,238
(2.72%)
 Iraq 22.3% 25,036,946
(75.95%)
7,929,292
(24.05%)
700479714000000000079,714 km2 (30,778 sq mi) 7002414000000000000414 /km2 (1,070 /sq mi) 947
15 Assam 31,169,272
(2.58%)
 Peru 16.9% 26,780,526
(85.92%)
4,388,756
(14.08%)
700478438000000000078,438 km2 (30,285 sq mi) 7002397000000000000397 /km2 (1,030 /sq mi) 954
16 Punjab 27,704,236
(2.30%)
 Venezuela 13.7% 17,316,800
(62.51%)
10,387,436
(37.49%)
700450362000000000050,362 km2 (19,445 sq mi) 7002550000000000000550 /km2 (1,400 /sq mi) 893
17 Chhattisgarh 25,540,196
(2.11%)
 Ghana 22.6% 19,603,658
(76.76%)
5,936,538
(23.24%)
7005135191000000000135,191 km2 (52,198 sq mi) 7002189000000000000189 /km2 (490 /sq mi) 991
18 Haryana 25,353,081
(2.09%)
 Ghana 19.9% 16,531,493
(75.75%)
8,821,588
(24.25%)
700444212000000000044,212 km2 (17,070 sq mi) 7002573000000000000573 /km2 (1,480 /sq mi) 877
19 Jammu and Kashmir 12,548,926
(1.04%)
 Cuba 23.7% 9,134,820
(72.79%)
3,414,106
(27.21%)
7005222236000000000222,236 km2 (85,806 sq mi) 700156000000000000056 /km2 (150 /sq mi) 883
20 Uttarakhand 10,116,752
(0.84%)
 Guinea 19.2% 7,025,583
(69.45%)
3,091,169
(30.55%)
700453483000000000053,483 km2 (20,650 sq mi) 7002189000000000000189 /km2 (490 /sq mi) 963
21 Himachal Pradesh 6,856,509
(0.57%)
 Hong Kong 12.8% 6,167,805
(89.96%)
688,704
(10.04%)
700455673000000000055,673 km2 (21,495 sq mi) 7002123000000000000123 /km2 (320 /sq mi) 974
22 Tripura 3,671,032
(0.30%)
 Republic of the Congo 14.7% 2,710,051
(73.82%)
960,981
(26.18%)
700410486000000000010,486 km2 (4,049 sq mi) 7002350000000000000350 /km2 (910 /sq mi) 961
23 Meghalaya 2,964,007
(0.24%)
 Mongolia 27.8% 2,368,971
(79.92%)
595,036
(20.08%)
700422429000000000022,429 km2 (8,660 sq mi) 7002132000000000000132 /km2 (340 /sq mi) 986
24 Manipurβ 2,721,756
(0.22%)
 Jamaica 18.7% 1,899,624
(79.79%)
822,132
(20.21%)
700422327000000000022,327 km2 (8,621 sq mi) 7002122000000000000122 /km2 (320 /sq mi) 987
25 Nagaland 1,980,602
(0.16%)
 Latvia -0.5% 1,406,861
(71.03%)
573,741
(28.97%)
700416579000000000016,579 km2 (6,401 sq mi) 7002119000000000000119 /km2 (310 /sq mi) 931
26 Goa 1,457,723
(0.12%)
 Guinea-Bissau 8.2% 551,414
(37.83%)
906,309
(62.17%)
70033702000000000003,702 km2 (1,429 sq mi) 7002394000000000000394 /km2 (1,020 /sq mi) 968
27 Arunachal Pradesh 1,382,611
(0.11%)
 Swaziland 25.9% 1,069,165
(77.33%)
313,446
(22.67%)
700483743000000000083,743 km2 (32,333 sq mi) 700117000000000000017 /km2 (44 /sq mi) 920
28 Mizoram 1,091,014
(0.09%)
 Timor-Leste 22.8% 529,037
(48.49%)
561,997
(51.51%)
700421081000000000021,081 km2 (8,139 sq mi) 700152000000000000052 /km2 (130 /sq mi) 975
29 Sikkim 607,688
(0.05%)
 Macau 12.4% 455,962
(75.03%)
151,726
(24.97%)
70037096000000000007,096 km2 (2,740 sq mi) 700186000000000000086 /km2 (220 /sq mi) 889
NCT Delhi 16,753,235
(1.38%)
 Chile 21% 419,319
(02.50%)
16,333,916
(97.50%)
70031484000000000001,484 km2 (573 sq mi) 700411297000000000011,297 /km2 (29,260 /sq mi) 866
UT1 Puducherry 1,244,464
(0.10%)
 Mauritius 27.7% 394,341
(31.69%)
850,123
(68.31%)
7002479000000000000479 km2 (185 sq mi) 70032598000000000002,598 /km2 (6,730 /sq mi) 1,038
UT2 Chandigarh 1,054,686
(0.09%)
 Estonia 17.1% 29,004
(02.75%)
1,025,682
(97.25%)
7002114000000000000114 km2 (44 sq mi) 70039252000000000009,252 /km2 (23,960 /sq mi) 818
UT3 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 379,944
(0.03%)
 Luxembourg 6.7% 244,411
(64.33%)
135,533
(35.67%)
70038249000000000008,249 km2 (3,185 sq mi) 700146000000000000046 /km2 (120 /sq mi) 878
UT4 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 342,853
(0.03%)
 The Bahamas 55.5% 183,024
(53.38%)
159,829
(46.62%)
7002491000000000000491 km2 (190 sq mi) 7002698000000000000698 /km2 (1,810 /sq mi) 775
UT5 Daman and Diu 242,911
(0.02%)
 Vanuatu 53.5% 60,331
(24.84%)
182,580
(75.16%)
7002112000000000000112 km2 (43 sq mi) 70032169000000000002,169 /km2 (5,620 /sq mi) 618
UT6 Lakshadweep 64,429
(0.01%)
 Dominica 6.2% 14,121
(21.92%)
50,308
(78.08%)
700132000000000000032 km2 (12 sq mi) 70032013000000000002,013 /km2 (5,210 /sq mi) 946
Total India 1,210,193,422
(100%)
 China 17.64% 833,087,662
(68.84%)
377,105,760
(31.16%)
3,287,240 km2 (1,269,210 sq mi) 382 /km2 (990 /sq mi) 940

Notes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "India at a Glance: Profile". Government of India. Retrieved 2013-09-30. 
  2. ^ a b c "Area and Population". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-10-26. 
  3. ^ "India - General Profile, Land Use Classification and Land Use Pattern". National Informatics Centre (NIC). [[Ministry of Environment and Forests (India)|]] (MoEF). Retrieved 2008-12-12. [dead link]
  4. ^ name="Census Organisation of India">"Census Organisation of India". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-12-04. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Brief history of census". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-10-26. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h ___517160a.pdf "India Census 2011, Provisional Population Totals". The Hindu (Chennai, India). [dead link]
  7. ^ "Urban Agglomerations (UAs) & towns". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  8. ^ Shinde, Swati (13 Sep 2008). "Migration rate to city will dip". Times of India. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  9. ^ "Develop towns to stop migration to urban areas: economist". Chennai, India: Hindu. Dec 3, 2005. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  10. ^ "Migration". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-10-26. 
  11. ^ T-party: India's 29th state Telangana is born
  12. ^ "List of states with Population, Sex Ratio and Literacy Census 2011". 2011 Census of India. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  13. ^ "Ranking of States and Union territories by population size : 1991 and 2001". Government of India (2001). Census of India. pp. 5–6. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  14. ^ "Comparing Indian states and territories with countries: An Indian summary". The Economist. 2011-06-15. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 
  15. ^ a b "Provisional Population Totals". Government of India (2011). Census of India. Retrieved 2011-07-23. 
  16. ^ "Area of India/state/district". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-10-27. 

External links[edit]