List of steamboats on the Columbia River

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This list summarizes basic characteristics of steamboats placed in service on the Columbia River and its tributaries. The articles Steamboats of the Columbia River, Steamboats of the Arrow Lakes, British Columbia, Steamboats of Columbia River, Wenatchee Reach, Steamboats of the Cowlitz River, and Steamboats of the Willamette River expand on the topic.

Early boats[edit]

Table 1: Early Steamboats on Lower Columbia River
Name Type Year Built Where Built Builders Owners Tons Length Beam Draft Engines Disposition
Beaver
side 1834 London Hudson's Bay Company 187 101' Wrecked 1888 in B.C.
Columbia side 1850 Astoria Goodwin & Hewitt Frost, Adair, Leonards & Green 75 90' 16' 4' 8"x24" Dismantled 1862, engines to Fashion
Lot Whitcomb
side 1850 Milwaukie, Oregon White, Jennings & Whitcomb 600 160' 24' 5.8' single 17"x84" Sold to California Steam Navigation Co. 1854, renamed Annie Abernathy
Multnomah
side 1851 Canemah, Oregon Bissell, Maxwell & Gray 108' 18' 6' 10"x48" Dismantled 1864
Eagle propeller launch (iron hull) 1851 Philadelphia 20 Dismantled 1871
Blackhawk propeller launch (iron hull) 1851 40' Dismantled 1852
Hoosier side 1851 Portland John T. Thomas A.S. Murray and others 5 60' Wrecked 1853[1] or dismantled 1860 at Linn City[2]
Major Redding 1851 Dismantled 1852
Wallamet side 1853 Canemah, Oregon John T. Thomas J. McCrosky and others 272 150' 23' 5' 14"x60" Transferred to California, 1854.
Belle (of Oregon City) side (iron hull) [3] 1853 Oregon City[4] 54 96' 16' 4' Dismantled at Portland, 1869
Senorita side 1855 Oregon City[4] 132'[5] 23' 5' 14"x72" Dismantled 1859. Engines to Hassaloe[2]
Jennie Clark stern 1855 Milwaukie John C. Ainsworth and Jacob Kamm 50 115' 18.5' 4' 12"x48" Dismantled 1863, engines to Forty-Nine.
Table 2: Early boats on the middle Columbia
Name Type Year Built Where Built Builders/Owners Hull Tons Length Beam Draft Engines Disposition
James P. Flint side 1851 Cascades, Washington Bradford & Van Bergen wood 80' To lower Columbia 1852, hit rock and sank 1853,[6] raised, rebuilt and renamed Fashion
Allan propeller 1852 iron 10 unknown
Mary side 1854 Cascades, Washington Bradford & Co. wood 80' 16' 5' 14"x30" Dismantled 1862[7] at The Dalles
Table 3: Early boats on the upper Columbia
Name Type Year Built Where Built Builders/Owners Hull Tons Length Beam Draft Engines Disposition
Venture stern 1851 Cascades, Washington R.R. Thompson & E.F. Coe wood 91 110' 22' 4.6" 14"x48" Swept over Cascades upon launch and sank, raised, renamed Umatilla, and served on lower Columbia until 1858, then transferred to Fraser River under command of John C. Ainsworth, then to Sacramento River.
Colonel Wright stern 1858 Deschutes, Oregon R.R. Thompson & E.F. Coe wood 110' 21' 5' 12.5"x50" dismantled 1865 at Celilo
Tenino stern 1861 Deschutes, Oregon R.R. Thompson for O.S.N. wood 329 135' 25' 5.5' 17"x52" Rebuilt 1869 and rebuilt again 1876 and renamed New Tenino, U.S. registry #130067.

Early Oregon Steam Navigation Company boats[edit]

Table 4: Early O.S.N. Monopoly boats
Name Type Year Built Where Built Builders Initial Owners Tons Length Beam Draft Engines Registry Routes Disposition
Mountain Buck side 1857 Portland Ruckle & Olmstead 133' 25.4' 5.6' 12"x48" Lower Columbia Dismantled 1864
Hassaloe stern 1858 Cascades, Washington Bradford Bros. 187 135' 19' 5' 14"x40" Middle Columbia Dismantled 1865 at The Dalles.
Carrie Ladd stern 1858 Oregon City John T. Thomas Jacob Kamm & John C. Ainsworth 187 126' 24.4' 4.6' 16"x66" Lower Columbia Dismantled 1864, engines to Nez Perce Chief
Julia(Barclay) stern 1858 Port Blakely Oregon Steam Navigation Co. 325 147'[8] 25' 5.7' 16"x72" US 13621 Lower Columbia Dismantled 1872 at Portland
Wasco stern 1858 Port Blakeley Oregon Steam Navigation Co.

People's Navigation Company[edit]

Table 5: Boats of the People's Transportation Company launched in competition with the O.S.N. Monopoly
Name Type Year Built Where Built Builders Initial Owners Gross Tons Net Tons Length Beam Draft Engines Registry Routes Disposition
E.D. Baker stern 1862 Vancouver, WA People's Trans. Co. 116' Lower Columbia abandoned 1863
Iris side 1863 The Dalles People's Trans. Co. 402 162' Middle Columbia Dismantled 1870
Kiyus stern 1863 Celilo People's Trans. Co. 140' Upper Columbia Wrecked 1866

Oregon Steam Navigation Company boats 1860-1879[edit]

Table 6: Boats placed in service by O.S.N. 1860-1879
Name Type Year Built Where Built Builders Initial Owners Gross Tons Net Tons Length Beam Draft Engines Registry Routes Disposition
Nez Pierce Chief stern 1863 Celilo O.S.N. 327 126' upper Columbia Dismantled 1874
Web Foot stern 1863 Celilo O.S.N. 504 150' upper Columbia Dismantled 1871
Owyhee stern 1864 Celilo O.S.N. 313 115' upper Columbia Dismantled 1876
Yakima stern 1864 Celilo O.S.N. 455 147' upper Columbia Wrecked 1876
Oneonta side 1863 Celilo O.S.N. 497 150' middle Columbia Dismantled 1877
Mountain Queen stern 1877 The Dalles O.S.N. 719 176' middle Columbia Rebuilt 1889, renamed Sehome
Annie Faxon (I) stern 1877 Celilo O.S.N. 709 165' upper Columbia Rebuilt 1887
Spokane stern 1877 Celilo O.S.N. 673 150' upper Columbia Rebuilt 1876
Wide West stern 1877 Portland O.S.N. 1200 218' lower Columbia Dismantled 1887, upper works to T.J. Potter
Harvest Queen (I) stern 1878 Celilo O.S.N. 846 200' upper Columbia Dismantled 1899
John Gates stern 1878 Celilo O.S.N. 673 150' upper Columbia Dismantled 1894
R.R. Thompson stern 1878 The Dalles O.S.N. 673 150' middle Columbia Dismantled 1904

Boats operating above Wenatchee[edit]

Steamboats operating on Columbia River above Wenatchee
Name Type Year Built Where Built Builders Owners Hull Gross Tons Net Tons Length Beam Draft Engines Registry Disposition
Oro[9] stern 1896 Wenatchee Columbia & Okanogan Steam Navigation Co. wood 84'
Camano stern 1898 Wenatchee Columbia & Okanogan Steam Navigation Co. wood 59 90' Wrecked 1904
Chelan stern 1902 Wenatchee Columbia & Okanogan Steam Navigation Co. wood 244 125' Burned 7/8/1915
Gerome stern 1902 Wenatchee wood 109 81' Wrecked 1905
Alexander Griggs stern 1903 Wenatchee Columbia & Okanogan Steam Navigation Co. wood 111' Wrecked 1905
Columbia stern 1905 Wenatchee Columbia & Okanogan Steam Navigation Co. wood 341 131' Burned 7/8/1915
Douglas stern 1914 Wenatchee 12 141' gasoline Abandoned 1924

Boats associated with Ilwaco Railway and Navigation Company[edit]

Riverboats and other vessels owned by or associated with Ilwaco Railway & Navigation Company[10]
Name Type Year Built Where Built Builders Owners Gross Tons Net Tons Length Beam Depth of Hull[11] Engines Registry Disposition
Gen. Canby[12] propeller 1875 South Bend Lewis A. Loomis 89 85' 20' 8.5' US 85414
Gen. Garfield propeller 1881 Rainier 21 56' 14' 4.7' US 85677
Gen. Miles propeller 1882 Astoria 137 100' 22' 10.5' US 85730
Alaskan[13] sidewheeler (iron hull) 1883 Chester, PA O.R.& N. 1,718 1,259 276'[14] 40 (73' over sidewheels) 13.4 walking beam 73"x144" US 106232 Wrecked May 1889 at Cape Blanco en route to California.
sidewheeler 1888 Portland O.R.& N. 659 590 235' 35.1' 10.6' 32"x96" US 145489 Rebuilt 1901
Ocean Wave sidewheeler 1891 Portland Jacob Kamm Ilwaco Railway & Navigation Co. 724 507 180' 29' 9' 18"x84" US 155207 Transferred to California 1899, eventually became floating restaurant in 1920's
Nahcotta[15] propeller 1898 Portland 112 96' 21' 6.5' US 139793
T.J. Potter (II) sidewheeler 1901 Portland O.R.& N. 826 676 234' 35.6' 11.4' 32"x96" US 145489 Abandoned 1921[16]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mills, at 195
  2. ^ a b Affleck, at 15
  3. ^ Mills, at 25, providing details. Affleck, at 8, states hull of wood.
  4. ^ a b Mills, at 25. Afflect, at 8, states Linn City
  5. ^ Affleck at 25, gives length as 145'
  6. ^ Affleck at 16 reports this boat hit a rock at Multnomah Falls in September 1851
  7. ^ Affleck at 19 reports 1858
  8. ^ Newell gives slightly longer length and additional construction and mechanical details for the Julia Barclay. Newell, Gordon R., Ships of the Inland Sea, at page 18, Binford & Mort, Portland, OR (2nd Ed. 1960)
  9. ^ McCurdy, at 4
  10. ^ Except as otherwise noted, details for all vessels are from re from Affleck, Edward, A Century of Paddlewheelers in the Northwest, the Yukon, and Alaska, page 26, Alexander Nicholls Press, Vancouver, B.C. 2000 ISBN 0-920034-08-X
  11. ^ Affleck, at 1, points out that depth of hull does not equal draft of the vessel.
  12. ^ Details to extent available are from Feagans, at 137 and Ruby & Brown, at 85
  13. ^ Significant details from Mills, at 189 and Affleck at 7
  14. ^ Affleck at 7 gives two slightly different sets of dimensions, second set is 280' length, 45' beam, and 12.5' depth of hull
  15. ^ Details to extent available are from Ruby & Brown, at 17, 85
  16. ^ Other sources say 1925

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Pacific Northwest Steamboats[edit]

  • Corning, Howard McKinley, Willamette Landings, (2nd Ed.) Oregon Historical Society, Portland, OR 1977 ISBN 0-87595-042-6
  • Faber, Jim, Steamer's Wake, Enetai Press, Seattle, WA 1985 ISBN 0-9615811-0-7
  • Mills, Randall V., Sternwheelers up Columbia, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, NE 1947 ISBN 0-8032-5874-7
  • Robertson, Donald B., Encyclopedia of Western Railroading - Volume III - Oregon and Washington, at 222, Caxton Printers, Caldwell, ID 1995 ISBN 0-87004-366-8
  • Newell, Gordon R., Ships of the Inland Sea, Binford & Mort, Portland, OR (2nd Ed. 1960)
  • Newell, Gordon, and Williamson, Joe, Pacific Steamboats, Bonanza Books, New York, NY (1963)
  • Ruby, Robert H. and Brown, John A., Ferry Boats on the Columbia River, Superior Publishing Co., Seattle, WA 1974
  • Timmen, Fritz, Blow for the Landing, Caxton Printers, Caldwell, ID 1972 ISBN 0-87004-221-1

Steamboats in general[edit]

  • Hunter, Louis C., Steamboats on the Western Rivers, Dover Publications, NY 1947 ISBN 0-486-27863-8

External links[edit]