List of stone circles
A stone circle is a monument of stones arranged in a circle or ellipse. Such monuments have been constructed in many parts of the world throughout history for many different reasons. The best known tradition of stone circle construction occurred across the British Isles and Brittany in the Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age, with over 1000 surviving examples, including Avebury, the Ring of Brodgar and Stonehenge. Another prehistoric tradition occurred in southern Scandinavia during the Iron Age, where stone circles were built to be mortuary monuments to the dead. Outside of Europe, examples of stone circles include the 6300~6900 BCE Atlit Yam in Israel and 3000~4000 BCE Gilgal Refaim nearby, and the Bronze Age monuments in Hong Kong.
This is an incomplete photographic list of these stone circles.
- 1 Britain, Ireland and Brittany
- 1.1 Channel Islands
- 1.2 England
- 1.3 Northern Ireland
- 1.4 Republic of Ireland
- 1.5 Scotland
- 1.6 Wales
- 2 Israel and The Golan Heights
- 3 Poland
- 4 See also
- 5 References
Britain, Ireland and Brittany
Aubrey Burl's gazetteer lists 1,303 stone circles in Britain, Ireland and Brittany. The majority of these are found in Scotland, with 508 sites recorded. There are 316 in England; 187 in Ireland; 156 in Northern Ireland; 81 in Wales; 49 in Brittany; and 6 in the Channel Isles.
Aubrey Burl records six sites in the Channel Islands, four on Guernsey and two on Jersey. All six are Cist-in-Circle monuments, which are influenced by chambered tomb design. Their relationship with the stone circle tradition of Britain, Ireland and Brittany is unclear.
|La Plate Mare|
|Boscawen-Un – Stone circle with a leaning pillar in its interior.|
|The Hurlers are a group of three stone circles on Bodmin Moor.|
|The Merry Maidens – near St Buryan in West Penwith.|
|Tregeseal East – also known as the Tregeseal Dancing Stones, near St Just in West Penwith.|
|Castlerigg – A 33m diameter ring consisting of 38 stones.|
|Gamelands – Near Orton, Eden: grid reference NY640081.|
|Long Meg and Her Daughters – Around 51 stones set in an oval shape measuring 100 m on its long axis.|
|Swinside – A near perfect circle located in Lollage Lake District.|
|Arbor Low – near Youlgreave in Derbyshire.|
|Doll Tor – near Birchover in Derbyshire.|
|Nine Ladies – Nine stones located on Stanton Moor.|
|Brisworthy stone circle|
|Grey Wethers stone circles|
|Yellowmead stone circle|
|Kingston Russell – An 18 stone Bronze age circle near Abbotsbury.|
|The Nine Stones – A small nine stone circle near Winterbourne Abbas.|
|Mitchell's Fold – A 30 stone ring (15 still standing).|
|Stanton Drew – One of three circles located near the village of Stanton Drew.|
|The King's Men – one of three monuments that make up the Rollright Stones, found near the village of Long Compton.|
|Twelve Apostles, West Yorkshire – grid reference SE12614506|
|Avebury – A large stone circle surround the village of Avebury.|
|Stonehenge – A World Heritage site.|
|Ballynoe stone circle|
|Drumskinny stone circle|
|Beaghmore – Located outside Cookstown.|
Republic of Ireland
|Ardgroom SW – Known locally as "Canfea", located southwest of the village of Ardgroom on the Beara peninsula.|
|Carrigagulla – About 18 stones located to the north of the village of Ballinagree.|
|Derreenataggart stone circle|
|Drombeg stone circle – Located west of Rosscarbery.|
|Knocknakilla – Located between Macroom and Millstreet.|
|Glantane east – Located between Macroom and Millstreet.|
|Templebryan Stone Circle – Located between Bandon and Millstreet.|
|Beltany stone circle|
|Kenmare stone circle|
|Lissyvigeen stone circle|
|Shronebirrane stone circle|
|Cullerlie stone circle near Echt, Aberdeenshire.|
|Easter Aquhorthies recumbent stone circle, near Inverurie, Aberdeenshire.|
|Kirkton of Bourtie recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ 80091 24883.|
|Hill of Fiddes recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ 9350 2432.|
|Inschfield recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ 6233 2934.|
|Loanhead of Daviot recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire.|
|Loudon Wood recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ 96105 49740.|
|Midmar Kirk recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ 69940 06493.|
|Old Keig stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ 5965 1939.|
|New Craig recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ 7455 2966.|
|The Nine Stanes, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NO 7233 9122.|
|Potterton recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ95291636.|
|South Ley Lodge recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ76671325.|
|St Brandan's Stanes, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ60756105.|
|Strichen stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ9367454479.|
|Stonehead recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ60102869.|
|Sunhoney, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ7159205701.|
|Tillyfourie recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ64311350.|
|Tomnaverie recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire.|
|Balkemback stone circle, Tealing: grid reference NO38183844.|
|Colmeallie stone circle, grid reference NO56567811.|
Argyll and Bute
|Cultoon stone circle, Islay: grid reference NR19565697.|
|Ettrick Bay stone circle, Bute: grid reference NS0443466794.|
|Lochbuie stone circle, Mull: grid reference NM6178025117.|
|Temple Wood stone circles, grid reference NR82639782.|
Dumfries and Galloway
Aubrey Burl lists 43 stone circles in Dumfries and Galloway: 15 in Dumfriesshire; 19 in Kirkcudbrightshire; and 9 in Wigtonshire. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland records 49 stone circles in the region. Of these 49, 24 are listed as 'possible'; one is an 18th-century construction; and a number have been destroyed.
|The Girdle Stanes Near Eskdalemuir:grid reference NY2535196153|
|Glenquicken Near Creetown:grid reference NX50965821|
|Lochmaben Stone Just south of Gretna|
|The Loupin Stanes Near Eskdalemuir:grid reference NY25709663|
|Seven Brethren Near Lockerbie: grid reference NY21718269|
|Standing Stones of Glenterrow Between Stranraer and New Luce:grid reference NX14536251|
|Twelve Apostles Stone Circle, situated between Holywood and Newbridge, near Dumfries.|
The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland records 20 stone circles in North Ayrshire, all on Arran. Five of these are listed as 'possible'. Aubrey Burrel's gazetteer records 19 stone circles on Arran.
|Auchagallon Stone Circle Arran grid reference NR892834643|
|Aucheleffan Arran grid reference NR 9784 2505|
|Machrie Moor 1 Arran grid reference NR9119832393|
|Machrie Moor 2 Arran grid reference NR9113032420|
|Machrie Moor 3 Arran grid reference NR9100632457|
|Machrie Moor 4 Arran grid reference NR9100132355|
|Machrie Moor 5 Arran grid reference NR9087832353|
|Machrie Moor 11 Arran grid reference NR9121232416|
There are two stone circles on Orkney, both on the Mainlaind. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland records a possible third at Stoneyhill, also on the Mainland.
|Ring of Brodgar – A 60 stone ring (27 still standing).|
|Standing Stones of Stenness, Orkney|
The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland records 16 stone circles in the Scottish Borders. Of these, three are marked as 'possible'. Aubrey Burl's gazetteer lists the same number: 2 in Berwickshire; 2 in Peebleshire; 10 in Roxburghshire; and 2 in Selkirkshire.
|Five Stanes grid reference NT75261686|
|Harestanes grid reference NT12404432|
Aubrey Burl's gazetteer lists seven sites in Shetland, but notes that all are dubious. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland records three stone circles. It does not include Hjaltadans, which is instead categorised as a 'stone setting'.
|Callanish I Lewis.|
|Callanish II Lewis, a smaller stone circle.|
|Callanish III Lewis, a smaller stone circle.|
|Callanish IV Lewis, a smaller stone circle.|
|Callanish VIII Lewis, a smaller stone semicircle.|
|Pobull Fhinn North Uist, grid reference NF8427465010.|
|Moel Tŷ Uchaf Llandrillo, Denbighshire.|
|Bryn Cader Faner, Gwynedd|
|Bryn Gwyn stones, Anglesey|
Israel and The Golan Heights
|Atlit Yam (6300-7000 BCE: oldest known in the world, as of 2014) – Located south of Haifa.|
|Gilgal Refaim (4~3000 BCE) – Located northeast of Lake Kinneret.|
|Odry – Odry in Poland.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stone circles.|
- Aubrey, Burl (2000). The Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany. New Haven; London: Yale University Press. p. 395.
- Burl, Aubrey (2000). The Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany. New Haven; London: Yale University Press. p. 403.
- Burl, Aubrey (2000). The Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany. New Haven; London: Yale University Press. p. 394.
- "Canmore Advanced Search: Stone Circle: Dumfries and Galloway". Retrieved 2014-12-31.
- "Canmore Advanced Search: Stone Circle: North Ayrshire". Retrieved 2015-03-19.
- Burl, Aubrey (2000). The Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 210.
- "Canmore: Stoneyhill". Retrieved 2015-03-19.
- "Canmore Advanced Search: Stone Circle: Scottish Borders". Retrieved 2014-12-31.
- Burl, Aubrey (2005). A Guide to the Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany. New Haven; London: Yale University Press. p. 214.
- "Canmore Advanced Search: Stone Circle: Shteland Islands". Retrieved 2015-01-12.
- "Canmore: Fetlar, Gravins, Fidler's Crus". Retrieved 2015-01-12.