List of strawberry cultivars

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Strawberry plants with label indicating the cultivar ('Sequoia')

The following is a partial list of strawberry cultivars. Strawberries come in a wide assortment of commercially available cultivars (cultivated varieties). Differences between cultivars may include the date the fruit ripens, disease resistance, freezing quality, firmness, berry size, berry shape, and flavor. Many different cultivars have been developed at the University of California (Davis campus), by Driscoll Strawberry Associates Inc. (Watsonville, California), the United States Department of Agriculture, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and East Malling Research Station in the UK.

Almost all the strawberries listed below are cultivars of Fragaria × ananassa. Two cultivars listed here ('Frel' (Pink Panda) and 'Samba' (Red Ruby)) are bigeneric hybrids, grown mainly for their flower colour rather than their fruit, using a closely related species (Potentilla palustris = Comarum palustre) to introduce pink or red colouration to the flowers.

The cultivar Fragaria × ananassa 'Variegata' is grown mainly for the decorative qualities of its variegated foliage.


Table[edit]

This table includes a list of common strawberry cultivars that are commercially available.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8]

Cultivar names should be shown in single quotes. Names shown in Small Capitals are trade designations, or "selling names", used in certain countries (with the cultivar name shown alongside); the same cultivar may be sold under a different trade designation in other countries.


Variety Season Developed by Released Pedigree Notes
Alba[citation needed] Early Season New Fruits s.a.s., Italy 2002
Albion[1][9][10] Day neutral Univ. of California 2006 Diamante x Cal 94.16-1 This strawberry plant is known for its large to very large fruit. Fruit is mostly conical, very firm and red in color. Its flavor is very good for a day-neutral and is sweet and pleasant. It is a high yielding cultivar with robust runners and stalks. It is resistant to verticillium wilt, phytophthora crown rot and has some resistance to anthracnose crown rot.
Alice[1] Midseason East Malling Research, UK 1993
Alinta[citation needed] Day neutral
Allstar [11] Midseason USDA / University of Maryland 1981 US 4419 × MDVS 3184 Strawberry plant, with an almost perfect strawberry shape, is a major variety during the late mid-season. The glossy firm fruit, which holds its size very well, is an excellent u-pick or home garden choice. Its orange/red color and delicate skin lessens its shipping potential. Allstar’s vigor and resistance to red stele, verticillium wilt, moderate resistance to powdery mildew and leaf scorch, makes it suitable to almost any growing region and soil condition.
Amelia Late Season East Malling Research, UK 1998
Annapolis Early Season AAFC 1984 (Micmac × Raritan) × Earliglow
Apollo[citation needed] USDA 1970 N.C.1759 x N.C.1729
Aromel[1]
Aromas [12] Day neutral Univ. of California Cal 87.112-6 x Cal 88.270-1 This strawberry plant is a day-neutral cultivar which has larger fruit and produces greater yields than Selva or Seascape. Aromas produces large quantities of late-season fruit. It also has a broader environmental tolerance and is more resistant to mildew than Selva, and is especially tolerant to spider mites. Flavor is very good. Fruit size and cull rate is superior to Selva.
Asia Early Midseason New Fruits s.a.s., Italy 2005
Atlas[citation needed] USDA 1970
Benton [13] Late-midseason USDA-ARS, Oregon 1975 OSC 2414 x Vale strawberry plant is a Junebearing cultivar, named after Benton County where Oregon State University is located in Corvallis, Oregon. Fruit is very bright, has excellent keeping quality, is conic in shape, and the has good flavor. Fruit is medium to large in size and is recommended for all parts of the Pacific Northwest. Benton appears to have excellent winter hardiness and excellent fruit quality with vigorous growth. The upright habit makes Benton a good bet for home gardeners as well as the commercial grower. It is more drought resistant than Rainier. Virus tolerant. Also tolerant to red stele. Ripens late.
Bogota[1]
Bolero[1] Everbearing East Malling Research, UK 1996
Bountiful[citation needed] USDA-ARS Corvallis OR 1993 Linn x Totem
Brunswick Early Midseason USDA 1999 Cavendish × 'Honeoye'
Cabot Midseason AAFC 1998 (Elsanta × K79-5) × (ArKing × K7-40)
Calypso[1] Everbearing East Malling Research, UK 1991 Rapella × Selva
Camarosa [14] early-season short day Univ. of California 1992 Douglas x Cal 85.218-605 This strawberry plant is an early-season short day cultivar. Fruit is larger and firmer than Chandler, very flat conic, productive, has good appearance, is very firm, has good flavor, and is widely adapted producing fruit over an extended period at low latitudes. Can be used for fresh-market and processing.
Cambridge Favourite[1] Early Season Univ. of Cambridge 1947 Fragaria Chiloensis x Blakemore
Camino Real [15] short day Univ. of California Cal 89.230-7 x Cal 90.253-3 plants are smaller and more compact, open, and erect, but less vigorous than Camarosa. Fruit is larger and per-plant yields are somewhat greater than Camarosa, but fruiting begins somewhat later. External and internal fruit color for Camino Real is darker than Camarosa. Camino Real has very good flavor and is outstanding for both fresh market and processing. Moderately susceptible to common leaf spot and somewhat sensitive to powdery mildew, resistant to Verticillium wilt and Phytophthora crown rot, and relatively resistant to Anthracnose crown rot.
Canoga[2] Late Midseason Cornell /NYSAES 1979 NY1123 ‘Senga Sengana’ × ‘Midland’) × Holiday
Cassandra Midseason East Malling Research, UK 1998
Cavendish[16] Midseason AAFC 1990 Glooscap × Annapolis strawberry plant is a high yielding cultivar with red stele and verticillium resistance and black root rot tolerance. It is very winter-hardy and produces very large, high-quality berries which are excellent for all uses. The flavor is sweet and less tart than Honeoye. Ripens mid-season.
Chandler[17] Univ. of California 1983 Douglas x Cal 72.361-105 strawberry plant is a high yielding variety, produces very large fruit, and appears to be well adapted to southern regions. It is adaptable to the eastern US, and in many different production systems including matted rows.
Christine[1]
Clancy[2] Late Midseason Cornell /NYSAES 2003 MDUS4774 × MDUS5199
Darselect Early Midseason Societe Civile Darbonne, France 1998 Parker × 'Elsanta'
Delia Early Midseason East Malling Research, UK 2007 Honeoye × ITA 80-51-1
Delite[citation needed] USDA 1974
Delmarvel[citation needed] USDA 1994
Diamante[18] Day neutral Univ. of California 1991 Cal 87.112-6 × Cal 88.270-1
Earlibelle[19] USDA 1964
Earliglow [20] Early Season USDA 1975 Fairland × Midland × Redglow × Surecrop strawberry plant is an early producing, medium sized berry, with great flavor. The size decreases greatly as the season progresses, making it difficult for u-pick farms to sell the later fruit. The plant is vigorous, is resistant to red stele and moderately resistant to verticillium wilt.
Elegance Late Season East Malling Research, UK 2009 EM834 × EM1033
Elsanta[1] Midseason Plant Research International B.V. 1975 Gorella × Holiday
Elvira[1]
Emily[1] Early Season East Malling Research, UK 1995 Honeoye × Gea
Eros[1] Midseason East Malling Research, U.K. 1985 Allstar ×Elsanta
Evangeline Early Season AAFC 1975 (Honeoye × Veestar) × NYUS119
Everest[1] Edward Vinson Ltd. (U.K.) Evita x Irvine
Evie 2 Day neutral Edward Vinson Ltd. (U.K.) 2006 Everglade × J92D12
Fenella Late Season East Malling Research, UK 2009 EM931 × EM972
Firecracker Late Season USDA-ARS, Corvallis, OR 1997 ORUS 850-48 x Totem
Flamenco[1] Everbearer East Malling Research, UK 2002 Evita × EMR77
Florence[1] Late Midseason East Malling Research, UK 1997 [Tioga x ('Redgauntlet' × (Wiltguard × Gorella))]

× (Providence × self)

Fort Laramie [21] USDA 1973 Geneva x S.65122 (Earlidawn x Chief Bemidji) strawberry plant is extremely winter hardy, and does well in colder areas except Alaska (Alaska’s long days inhibit fruit production). Also not recommended in the South. Large, bright scarlet fruit with dark pink to scarlet interior. Firm sweet flesh is exceptionally aromatic. Good for eating fresh, freezing and preserves. Vigorous; produces lots of runners and very heavy crop. Somewhat susceptible to mildew.
Frel (Pink Panda)[1] Fragaria × Comarum hybrid involving Fragaria chiloensis Pink flowers; few fruit
Fruitful Summer[1]
Gaviota[citation needed] Univ. of California Cal 87.112-6 x Cal 88.270-1
Glooscap Early Midseason AAFC 1983 Mic Mac × Bounty
Governor Simcoe Late Midseason HRIO 1985 Guardian × Holiday
Guardian[citation needed] USDA 1969
Hapil[1] 1977 Gorella × Souvenir de Charles Machiroux raised in Belgium
Hecker [22] Day Neutral University of California 1979 Cal 65.65-601 x Cal 66.96-101 strawberry plant has commercial potential for fruit stands and Pick-Your-Own operations due to heavy production. It should perform well everywhere, including Alaska, as it is a day-neutral cultivar. Fruit is medium size with excellent flavor. Similar to Brighton, but more cold hardy.
Hokowase Early season Old Japanese cultivar[citation needed]
Honeoye[1][2][23] Early Midseason Cornell / NYSAES 1979 Vibrant × Holiday strawberry plant is an early season cultivar with moderately-sized, relatively firm, bright fruit with consistent size throughout the season. Very high yields. Somewhat sensitive to Sinbar. Susceptible to black root rot. It is widely adapted, but exhibits best flavor when grown on lighter soils or in raised beds.
Hood[24][25] Midseason George F. Waldo USDA-ARS / Oregon State 1965 OSC 2315 × Puget Beauty Standard for use in premium ice cream in the Pacific Northwest, US strawberry plant has large, bright, glossy red fruit turning dark when fully ripe. Fine, sweet flavor, excellent fruit quality. Excellent for preserves and jams, good for all other uses. Vigorous, very productive, erect plants make picking easy. Resistant to root rot and mildew; is susceptible to red stele but still performs better than Northwest on red stele-infested soil. Bears entire crop over a short period. Popular home market variety. Ripens in early June. Not particularly winter hardy.
Itasca Early Midseason USDA / Univ. of Minnesota 2005 Allstar × Seneca
Jewel[2][26] Late Midseason Cornell / NYSAES 1985 ('Senga Sengana' × NYE58) × Holiday strawberry plant is good for u-pick, fresh shipping and longer season yields. Produces large, firm, wedge-shaped fruit of excellent color and quality. Its firmness and abrasive resistant skin makes it less susceptible to fruit rots and ideal for shipping.
Judibell[1] Very Late Season East Malling Research, UK 2005
Kent [27] Midseason AAFC 1981 ('Redgauntlet' × Tioga) × Raritan strawberry plant is a winter-hardy cultivar from Canada with high yield potential producing large, good quality berries. Excellent for all seasons and above average flavor. Kent has very good plant vigor, but has no resistance to red stele or verticillium wilt.
L'Amour[2] Midseason Cornell / NYSAES 2003 (MDUS5252 × Etna) × Cavendish
Loran[1]
Lucy Late Midseason East Malling Research, UK 2009
Mae Early Midseason East Malling Research, UK 2003 Rosie × Marmolada
Malling Opal[1]
Malling Pearl[1]
Marshall [28] Early Midseason Marshall F. Ewell 1890
Matis Midseason Jacques Marionnet GFA, France 2003
Mesabi [29] Midseason University of Minnesota and the USDA-ARS 2000 Glooscap x MNUS 99 strawberry plants should be a mid-season winner for growers in northern areas, as it rarely shows winter damage in Minnesota, where it was developed. Mesabi™ produces large, firm berries that are red all the way through with excellent flavor. Plants are very winter hardy and show excellent disease and red stele root rot resistance.
Midway[citation needed] USDA 1959
Mira Midseason AAFC 1996 Scott × Honeoye
Mohawk Early Season USDA 1994 MDUS 4587 × Earliglow
Monterey [30] Day neutral Univ. of California 2009 Albion x Cal 97.85-6 strawberry plant is a moderate day-neutral cultivar. Vigorous plant, may require slightly more space than Albion with similar production pattern. Fruit is slightly larger than Albion, but less firm. Outstanding flavor. good disease resistance profile, although it is susceptible to powdery mildew
Northeaster Early Season USDA 1994
Northeastern Early Season USDA 1994 Mdus 4380 × Holiday
Orléans Early Season Les Fraises de l'Île d'Orléans, Québec, Canada 2001
Oso Grande[citation needed] Univ. of California
Ogallala[citation needed] USDA 1958
Palomar[citation needed] Univ. of California
Pandora Late Season East Malling Research, UK 1988 (Von Humboldt × Redstar) × 'Merton Dawn'
Pegasus[1] USDA 1996
Pelican Late Midseason East Malling Research, UK 1990 'Redgauntlet' × Gorella
Pink Panda ('Frel')[1] Fragaria × Comarum hybrid involving Fragaria chiloensis Pink flowers; few fruit
Pinnacle early mid-season USDA-ARS, Oregon 2002 Laguna x ORUS 1267-250
Portola [31] Day neutral Univ. of California 2009 Cal 97.93-7 x Cal 97.209-1 Portola strawberry plant is a strong day-neutral cultivar. Fruit is similar in size to Albion, but lighter in color and somewhat shinier. It has excellent flavor and a slightly earlier ripening season than Albion. It is a vigorous plant and may require a slightly lower planting density than Albion. It is somewhat less tolerant to rain than Albion.
Primetime[citation needed] USDA 1995
Puget Reliance [32] Early mid-season Washington State Univ., Oregon State Univ., Univ. of Idaho, and the USDA-ARS 1994 WSU 1945 x BC 77-2-72 strawberry plants produce high yields of large, medium-red conic fruit that is good for processing or local fresh market. It is virus tolerant. Season is similar to ‘Totem’. The plant has an erect growth habit, and unripe fruit are usually held off the ground, providing some degree of avoidance to fruit rot.
Puget Summer ('Schwartze') Late Washington State University 2002 Nanaimo x ORUS 1076-124 Excellent flavor
Quinault[citation needed] Everbearing
Rabunda[1]
Ranier [33] Late season Washington State University 1972 WSU 685 (Northwest x Sierra) x Columbia strawberry plant is a full sibling of Shuksan, is a late-season, cultivar with good-flavored, large fruit. Yields are intermediate. It is not suited for the processing market as it does not cap well, but makes a good addition for local fresh sales. It is tolerant to powdery mildew and red stele.
Redchief USDA 1968 NC 1768 × Surecrop
Redcrest[citation needed] late season USDA-ARS, Oregon 1990 Linn x Totem
Redgauntlet[1]
Redgem[citation needed] USDA-ARS, Oregon 1993 Benton x OSC 3596
Red Ruby ('Samba')[1] Fragaria × Comarum hybrid involving Fragaria chiloensis Red flowers; few fruit
Rhapsody[1]
Rosie[1] Early Midseason East Malling Research, UK 1999
Roxana Late season New Fruits s.a.s., Italy 2001
Royal Sovereign[1] Mid
Sable Early Season USDA 1998 Veestar × Cavendish
Saint Pierre Midseason AAFC 2001 Chandler × Jewel
Sallybright Midseason East Malling Research, UK 2007
Samba (Red Ruby)[1] Fragaria × Comarum hybrid involving Fragaria chiloensis Red flowers; few fruit
San Andreas [34] Day neutral Univ. of California 2009 Albion x Cal 97.86-1 strawberry plant is a moderate day-neutral with a production pattern similar to Albion. It has high quality fruit, outstanding flavor, exceptional appearance, and is especially superior to Albion in the early season. Fruit color is slightly lighter than Albion.
Sapphire Midseason University of Guelph 2002 319A92 × V7737-2
Sasha June Bearer East Malling
Scott[citation needed] USDA 1979
Seascape [35] Day neutral Univ. of California 1991 Selva x Douglas strawberry plant produces very large, firm fruit which have good color and flavor when picked ripe. They have a symmetric, medium to long conical berry with a glossy finish. It is one of our most popular varieties with a general flexibility in planting dates and areas. Seascape is a very good choice for roadside and farmer’s markets. This variety is highly tolerant of the virus diseases common in California; and is moderately susceptible to leaf rot
Seneca[2] Midseason Cornell / NYSAES 1991 NY1261 × Holiday
Senga Sengana[1]
Shuksan [36] Short day Washington State University 1970 (Northwest x Sierra) x Columbia strawberry plants have large, glossy bright red fruit with slightly indented yellowish red seeds. Fruit has medium-firm flesh with good flavor. It is good for fresh eating and excellent for freezing and preserves. Plant is large, very vigorous, and produces runners freely. It is virus and Botrytis tolerant and red stele resistant. Does not demand perfect drainage.
Sonata[1] Mid-season
Sophie Late Season East Malling Research, UK 1997 NY1261 × Holiday
Strawberry Festival [37] Short Day Florida Agr. Expt. Station 2000 Rosa Linda x Oso Grande strawberry plant is distinguished by the numerous runners it produces in the fruiting field, the long pedicels attached to its fruit, and the production of fruit that are flavorful, firm fleshed, deep red on the outside, bright red on the inside, and conically shaped.
Sunrise[citation needed] USDA 1964
Surecrop[38] Short Day USDA-ARS and the Maryland Agr. Expt. Station 1956 Fairland × Mdus 1972 strawberry plant is a favorite of home gardeners because its vigorous growth habits make it easy to grow and produce good crops in almost any region or soil type. Resistant to red stele. Firm, solid fruit make it good for fresh use or the freezer.
Symphony[1]
Tillamoook [39] early mid-season USDA-ARS, Oregon Agr. Expt. Station, Washington State Univ. Agr. Research Center, and Idaho Agr. Expt. Station 2002 Cuesta x Puget Reliance strawberry plant is a high yielding cultivar, with an extremely large fruit size that is maintained throughout the season. The large fruit size combined with an open plant habit make it extremely efficient to pick. Fruit are extremely firm, cap easily, and have excellent flavor, but color is somewhat light compared to other Pacific Northwest cultivars. Ripens slightly earlier than ‘Totem’.
Titan[citation needed] USDA 1971
Totem [1][40] mid-season Agriculture and Agri-Foods Canada, BC 1972 Puget Beauty x Northwest Standard processing cultivar for the Pacific Northwest US strawberry plant produces relatively firm, conic fruit, which has a uniform, intense medium to dark red internal and external color. Excellent for processing. Totem plants have the potential to produce high yields (5-8 tons/acre) in the Pacific Northwest. Totem is resistant to some strains of red stele, verticillium wilt, leaf spot, and powdery mildew.
Tribute [41] day neutral Maryland Agr. Expt. Station and the USDA-ARS 1981 EB 18 (MdUS 3082 x Cal 65.65-601) x MdUS 4258 (MdUS 2713 x MdUS 3364) strawberry plant is a day neutral cultivar with medium sized, firm fruit. It is one of the most popular eastern day neutral cultivars and performs well in commercial plantings. Resistant to red stele and powdery mildew and partially resistant to verticillium wilt and leaf scorch. Full sibling to Tristar.
Tristar [42] day neutral Maryland Agr. Expt. Station and the USDA-ARS 1981 EB 18 (MdUS 3082 x Cal 65.65-601) x MdUS 4258 (MdUS 2713 x MdUS 3364) strawberry plant produces medium to small flavorful fruit and is a favorite of home gardeners who desire good dessert quality berries all season long. Tristar yield peaks slightly earlier than Tribute. It is resistant to red stele and powdery mildew and partially resistant to verticillium wilt and leaf scorch. Full sibling to Tribute.
Valley Red early mid-season USDA-ARS, Oregon 2010 Anaheim x Puget Reliance Processing cultivar
Variegata[1] Variegated foliage; few fruit
Veestar Early Season HIRO 1967 Valentine × Sparkle
Ventana[citation needed] Univ. of California
Viktoriana Late Midseason East Malling Research, UK 1998
Wendy Early Season AAFC 2006 (Sable × K91-2) × Evangeline
Winona Late Season University of Minnesota/USDA-ARS, Beltsville, MD 1996
Yamaska Late Season AAFC 2001 Pandora × Bogota

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al RHS Plant Finder 2009–2010, p282, Dorling Kindersley, London, 2009, ISBN 978-1-4053-4176-9
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Small Fruits Breeding Program at Cornell University
  3. ^ Food & Rural Affairs - June-Bearing and Day-Neutral Strawberries from the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture
  4. ^ Strawberry Varieties Developed at USDA
  5. ^ Nourse Farms - All Strawberry Varieties
  6. ^ Indiana Berry & Plant Co. - All Strawberry Varieties
  7. ^ MEIOSIS List of Strawberries
  8. ^ Plant Research International B.V.
  9. ^ Strawberry plant named ‘Albion’
  10. ^ "Albion Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  11. ^ "Allstar Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  12. ^ "Aromas Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  13. ^ "Benton Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  14. ^ "Camarosa Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  15. ^ "Camino Real Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  16. ^ "Cavendish Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  17. ^ "Chandler Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  18. ^ Strawberry plant `Diamante`
  19. ^ http://strawberry.ifas.ufl.edu/breeding/varieties.htm
  20. ^ "Earliglow Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  21. ^ "Fort Laramie Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  22. ^ "Hecker Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  23. ^ "Honeoye Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  24. ^ "OSU Tells Development of New Hood Strawberry". The Oregonian. May 3, 1965. p. 20. 
  25. ^ "Hood Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  26. ^ "Jewel Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  27. ^ "Kent Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  28. ^ Marshall strawberry
  29. ^ "Mesabi Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  30. ^ "Monterey Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  31. ^ "Portola Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  32. ^ "Puget Reliance Strawberry/". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  33. ^ "Rainier Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  34. ^ "San Andreas Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  35. ^ "Seascape Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  36. ^ "Shuksan Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  37. ^ "Strawberry Festival Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  38. ^ "Surecrop Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  39. ^ "Tillamook Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  40. ^ "Totem Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  41. ^ "Tribute Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  42. ^ "Tristar Strawberry". Retrieved 19 May 2013.