List of strawberry diseases

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This article is a list of diseases of strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa).

Bacterial diseases[edit]

Bacterial diseases
Angular leaf spot Xanthomonas fragariae
Bacterial wilt Pseudomonas solanacearum
Cauliflower disease (complex) Rhodococcus fascians = Corynebacterium fascians

Fungal diseases[edit]

older stadium of Mycosphaerella fragariae on strawberry
Botrytis cinerea on strawberry
Fungal diseases
Alternaria fruit rot

Alternaria tenuissima

Anther and pistil blight

Rhizoctonia fragariae
Ceratobasidium sp. [teleomorph]

Anthracnose and anthracnose fruit rot and black spot

Colletotrichum acutatum
Colletotrichum gloeosporioides
= Colletotrichum fragariae
Glomerella cingulata [teleomorph]
Gloeosporium spp.

Armillaria crown and root rot (shoestring crown and root rot)

Armillaria mellea
Rhizomorpha subcorticalis [anamorph]

Black leaf spot Alternaria alternata f.sp. fragariae

Colletotrichum gloeosporioides
= Colletotrichum fragariae

Black root rot (disease complex)

Rhizoctonia fragariae
Ceratobasidium [teleomorph] sp.
Coniothyrium fuckelii
Diapleella coniothyrium [teleomorph]
= Leptosphaeria coniothyrium
Hainesia lythri
Discohainesia oenotherae [teleomorph]
Idriella lunata
Pyrenochaeta sp.
Pythium spp.
Pythium ultimum

Cercospora leaf spot

Cercospora fragariae
Cercospora vexans

Charcoal rot

Macrophomina phaseolina
= Botryodiplodia phaseoli

Common leaf spot

Mycosphaerella fragariae
Ramularia brunnea [anamorph]

Coniothyrium diseases

Coniothyrium fuckelii
Coniella fragariae
= Coniothyrium fragariae

Dematophora crown and root rot (white root rot)

Rosellinia necatrix
Dematophora necatrix [anamorph]

Diplodina rot (leaf and stalk rot)

Phoma lycopersici
= Diplodina lycopersici
Didymella lycopersici [teleomorph]

Downy mildew

Peronospora potentillae
= Peronospora fragariae

Fruit rots (in addition to those appearing elsewhere in this listing)

Aspergillus niger
Cladosporium spp.
Mucor mucedo
Mucor hiemalis
Mucor hiemalis f. silvaticus
Mucor piriformis
Penicillium aurantiogriseum
= Penicillium cyclopium
Penicillium expansum
Penicillium glabrum
= Penicillium frequentans
Penicillium purpurogenum

Byssochlamys rot

Byssochlamys fulva
Paecilomyces fulvus [anamorph]

Brown cap

Foliar pathogens which attack cap-drying

Fruit blotch

Fusarium sambucinum Gibberella pulicaris[teleomorph]
Penicillium purpurogenum
Peronospora potentillae
Sphaeropsis malorum
Botryosphaeria obtusa [teleomorph]
= Physalospora obtusa
Sclerotium rolfsii
Athelia rolfsii [teleomorph]
= Corticium rolfsii
Schizoparme straminea
Coniella castaneicola [anamorph]
= Pilidiella quercicola

Gray mold leaf blight and dry crown rot

Botrytis cinerea
Botryotinia fuckeliana [teleomorph]

Hainesia leaf spot

Hainesia lythri

Hard brown rot

Rhizoctonia solani Thanatephorus cucumeris [teleomorph]
Macrophomina phaseolina
= Macrophomina phaseoli
= Rhizoctonia bataticola

Leaf blotch

Gnomonia comari
Zythia fragariae [anamorph]
Gnomonia fragariae

Leaf rust

Phragmidium potentillae
= Frommea obtusa

Leaf scorch

Diplocarpon earlianum
Marssonina fragariae [anamorph]
= Marssonina potentillae

Leather rot

Phytophthora cactorum
Phytophthora citricola
Phytophthora citrophthora
Phytophthora nicotianae
= Phytophthora parasitica

Lilac soft rot

Pythium sp.

Pestalotia fruit rot

Pestalotia laurocerasi
Pestalotia longisetula

Leaf blight

Phomopsis obscurans
= Dendrophoma obscurans

Postharvest rots

Botrytis cinerea
Mucor mucedo
Pichia membranifaciens
Pichia subpelliculosa
= Hansenula subpelliculosa
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Saccharomyces kluyveri
Zygosaccharomyces bailii
= Saccharomyces bailii
Zygosaccharomyces florentinus
= Saccharomyces florentinus

Powdery mildew Sphaerotheca macularis

= Sphaerotheca humuli
Phytophthora nicotianae var. parasitica
= Phytophthora parasitica

Phytophthora crown and root rot

Phytophthora sp.
Phytophthora cactorum
Phytophthora citricola
Phytophthora citrophthora
Phytophthora megasperma
Phytophthora nicotianae var. parasitica

Other root rots
Botrytis crown rot

Botrytis cinerea

Gray sterile fungus root rot

Phoma terrestris
= Pyrenochaeta terrestris

Idriella root rot

Idriella lunata

Macrophomina root rot

Macrophomina phaseolina

Olpidium root infection

Olpidium brassicae

Synchytrium root gall

Synchytrium fragariae

Purple leaf spot

Mycosphaerella louisianae

Red stele

Phytophthora fragariae

Rhizoctonia bud and crown rot, leaf blight, web blight, fruit rot

Rhizoctonia solani
Rhizoctonia fragariae

Rhizopus rot (leak)

Rhizopus stolonifer

Sclerotinia crown and fruit rot

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum

Septoria hard rot and leaf spot

Septoria fragariae
= Septogloeum potentillae
Septoria aciculosa
Septoria fragariaecola

Stunt (Pythium root rot)

Pythium ultimum
Pythium spp.
Pythium acanthicum
Pythium debaryanum
Pythium dissotocum
Pythium hypogynum
Pythium irregulare
Pythium middletonii
= Pythium proliferum
Pythium myriotylum
Pythium perniciosum
Pythium rostratum
Pythium sylvaticum

Southern blight (Sclerotium rot)

Sclerotium rolfsii

Stem-end rot

Gnomonia comari

Tan-brown rot (of fruit)

Discohainesia oenotherae
Hainesia lythri
= Patellina fragariae [anamorph]

Verticillium wilt

Verticillium albo-atrum
Verticillium dahliae

Miscellaneous diseases and disorders[edit]

Miscellaneous diseases and disorders
Pith necrosis and crown death Unknown
Rapid death Unknown, resembles P. cactorum
Slime molds Diachea leucopodia

Physarum cinereum

Nematodes, parasitic[edit]

Nematodes, parasitic
Bulb and stem

Ditylenchus dipsaci

Dagger

Xiphenema spp.

Dagger, American

Xiphenema americanum

Lesion

Pratylenchus coffeae
Pratylenchus penetrans
Pratylenchus pratensis
Pratylenchus scribneri

Root-knot

Meloidogyne spp.
Meloidogyne hapla

Spring dwarf (crimp) or foliar nematodes

Aphelenchoides fragariae
Aphelenchoides ritzemabosi

Sting

Belonolaimus longicaudatus
Belonolaimus gracilis

Summer dwarf (crimp)

Aphelenchoides besseyi

Phytoplasma, Virus and virus-like diseases[edit]

Virus and virus-like diseases
Aphid-transmitted
Strawberry chlorotic fleck Strawberry chlorotic fleck (graft-transmissible agent of unknown relationship)
Strawberry crinkle Strawberry crinkle virus (SCV) (cytoplasmic rhabdovirus)
Strawberry latent C virus in Fragaria Strawberry latent C virus (SLCV) (nuclear rhabdovirus)
Strawberry mild yellow-edge Strawberry mild yellow-edge virus (SMYEV) (plus an unnamed potexvirus)
Strawberry mottle Strawberry mottle virus (SMV) (Relationship unknown)
Strawberry pseudo mild yellow-edge Strawberry pseudo mild yellow-edge virus (SPMYEV) (carlavirus)
Strawberry vein banding Strawberry vein banding virus (SVBV) (caulimovirus)
Leafhopper-transmitted phytoplasma and rickettsia-like agents (vectors known or probable):
Aster yellows Aster yellows phytoplasma
Maladie du bord jaune phytoplasma
Strawberry green petal Strawberry green petal phytoplasma
Strawberry lethal decline Strawberry lethal decline phytoplasma
Strawberry multiplier plant Strawberry Multiplier MLO
Strawberry mycoplasma yellows disease Strawberry yellows phytoplasma
Strawberry rickettsia yellows disease Strawberry yellows rickettsia-like organism (SYRLO)
Strawberry witches'-broom Strawberry witches'-broom MLO
Nematode-transmitted
Arabis mosaic virus Arabis mosaic virus (ArMV) (nepovirus)
Raspberry ringspot virus Raspberry ringspot virus (nepovirus)
Strawberry latent ringspot virus Strawberry latent ringspot virus (SLRV) (nepovirus)
Tomato black ring virus Tomato black ring virus (TomRBV) (nepovirus)
Tomato ringspot virus Tomato ringspot virus (TomRSV) (nepovirus)
Fungus-transmitted
Tobacco necrosis virus in Fragaria vesca Tobacco necrosis virus (TNV) (necrovirus)
Pollen-transmitted
Strawberry pallidosis Strawberry pallidosis (graft- and pollen-transmissible agent of unknown relationship
Vectors unknown
Necrotic shock Tobacco streak virus, strawberry strain (TSV-SNS) (ilarvirus)
Strawberry leafroll Strawberry leafroll (graft-transmissible agent(s) of unknown relationship
Strawberry feather-leaf Strawberry feather-leaf (graft-transmissible agent of unknown relationship
Non-graft transmissible virus-like disease
Strawberry June yellows Genetically transmitted disorder of unknown cause

References[edit]