List of streetcar systems in the United States

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This is an all-time list of streetcar (tram), interurban and light rail systems in the United States, by principal city (or cities) served, and separated by political division, with opening and closing dates. It includes all such systems, past and present; cities with currently operating systems, and those systems themselves, are indicated in bold and blue background colored rows. It is one in a group of lists that collectively cover all countries of the world; the other lists are indexed at List of town tramway systems.

This is not a list of streetcar operating companies. It is a list of U.S. cities that were the focus or base of a streetcar system at one time, with starting and ending dates for each general type of streetcar service (e.g. horsecar, electric streetcar) in each city or metropolitan area. "System", as used in the article title, refers collectively to all streetcar infrastructure and rolling stock in a given metropolitan area, used by any of several different operating companies over many years, often passing from one operating company to the next. The "Name of system" column is intended to distinguish the few cases where two distinctly different systems were in operation in one city at the same time, but is also used to identify operators that have a Wikipedia article. In many U.S. cities, the streetcar system was operated by a succession of different private companies during the years in which the system existed.[1]

The use of the diamond (♦) symbol indicates where there were (or are) two or more independent streetcar (or light rail) systems operating concurrently within a single metropolitan area. Usually, this refers either to interurban lines connecting the area's principal city with other cities or to cases where separate cities within one metropolitan area were served by independently operated streetcar systems.

Unless otherwise noted in the "Type" column, all systems listed were/are conventional streetcar (tram) systems (although some past systems might have been termed light rail if that 1970s-introduced term had existed at the time they were in operation). Interurban and light rail systems are noted in that column for convenience.

For lists of existing systems only, see the following:

Alabama[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Alabama Power Company Anniston Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   1888 20 Apr 1932 Formerly Anniston Electric and Gas Company[2]
Birmingham Railway, Light and Power Company Birmingham Horse   24 Jan 1884 16 Apr 1898  
Steam   25 May 1885 26 Feb 1904  
Electric   10 Oct 1891 19 Apr 1953  
  Bessemer Steam   14 May 1890 26 Feb 1904  
Electric   25 Jul 1906 1915 City streetcar service absorbed by interurban services.
  ♦ Birmingham - Bessemer (two lines) Steam   14 May 1890 26 Feb 1904  
Electric   3 Jun 1902 14 Jul 1952  
South Calera Street Railway Calera Steam    ?  ?  
North Alabama Traction Company Decatur Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   Nov 1903  ?  
  Eufaula Steam    ?  ?  
Peoples Railroad[3] Fairhope Petrol (gasoline)    ?  ?  
Alabama Power Company[3] Gadsden Mule[4]   1887 1888(?)  
Steam   Oct 1888  ?  
Electric   Jun 1889 Jan 1934  
Gadsden, Bellevue and Lookout Mountain Railway[3] Gadsden Electric   Sep 1913[5]  ?  
Alabama Power Company Huntsville Steam    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 15 Feb 1931 Formerly Huntsville Railway, Light and Power Company[2]
  Lannett Steam    ?  ? Connected Lanett with Bleecker, and West Point, Georgia.
Mobile Light and Railroad Company[3] Mobile Horse   1877 1893  
Steam   1890  ?  
Electric   18 Jan 1893 1941  
Capital City Street Railway Montgomery Electric   15 Apr 1886 8 Apr 1936  
Opelika & Auburn Electric Railway Opelika Steam    ?  ? Connected Opelika and Auburn.
Selma Electric Railway Selma Horse    ?  ?  
Steam    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1924  
Sheffield Company[3] Sheffield Steam    ?  ?  
Electric    ? Feb 1933  
Tuscaloosa Railway and Utilities Company Tuscaloosa Horse    ?  ?  
Steam    ?  ?  
Electric   1914 Nov 1941  
Union Springs Street Car Company Union Springs Horse    ?  ?  
  • Peschkes (Part Four, 1998, page 26) states that a company was organized to build a steam tramway in Blountsville but never started construction, and that other sources tabulate this system among those in operation.

Arizona[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Douglas Traction and Light Company[3] Douglas Steam    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1924  
Phoenix Street Railway[3] Phoenix (first era) Horse   5 Nov 1887 8 Jun 1895  
Electric 28 Sep 1893 16 Feb 1948 See Phoenix Street Railway. Interurban line to Glendale opened 1911. Planned extensions to Scottsdale, Tempe, and Mesa were never built.
  Tempe (in Phoenix metropolitan area) Horse    ?  ?  
Metro Light Rail Phoenix (second era) Electric Light rail 27 Dec 2008   Also serves the Phoenix suburbs of Tempe and Mesa
Prescott and Mount Union Railway[2] Prescott Electric   Nov 1905 1911  
Tucson Rapid Transit Company[3] Tucson (first era) Horse   1898 1906  
Electric   1 Jun 1906 31 Dec 1930 Volunteer-operated heritage tramway (Old Pueblo Trolley) opened 17 April 1993, using 1 mile of original track; however, service was suspended in Oct 2011, in advance of the construction activities associated with Sun Link.
Sun Link Tucson (second era) Electric       Reintroduction (modern streetcar) projected for mid-2014.
Warren–Bisbee Railway WarrenBisbee Electric Interurban 12 Mar 1908 31 May 1928 Connected Warren and Bisbee.

Arkansas[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Bentonville Petrol (gasoline)   14 Jun 1914 11 Jun 1916  
Eureka Traction Company[3] Eureka Springs Horse   14 Jul 1891 Jan 1896  
Electric   1896 by 1922  
Fort Smith – Oklahoma Light and Traction Company[6] Fort Smith Horse   2 Aug 1883 1889  
Electric   1896 15 Nov 1933 System included interstate line to Arkoma, Oklahoma. See also Fort Smith Trolley Museum, which operates non-transit heritage streetcar service along city streets.
  Van Buren Electric    ?  ?  
West Helena Consolidated Company[3] Helena Horse   Dec 1894 Jan 1910  
Electric   Jan 1910 5 Aug 1933  
Central Arkansas Railway and Light Corporation[3] Hot Springs Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1938  
Central Power and Light Company[3] HoxieWalnut Ridge Horse   1889 1905  
Electric   1 Jul 1904 1928  
Intercity Terminal Railway[3] Little Rock (first era) Horse   1876 1895  
Steam   3 Jul 1888 1889  
Electric   23 Dec 1891 1 Sep 1947 Also served North Little Rock, which before 1917 was named Argenta.
River Rail Streetcar Little Rock (second era) Electric   1 Nov 2004   Heritage streetcar system. Also serves North Little Rock.
Pine Bluff Company[3] Pine Bluff Horse   4 Nov 1886 1902  
Electric   1902 1934  
Searcy & West Point Railroad Searcy Horse    ?  ? Connected Searcy with West Point.
Stuttgart Improvement Company Stuttgart Horse    ?  ?  
  Sulphur Rock Horse   1885 1926 Believed to be the last town tramway operated by horse traction in the U.S.
Southwestern Gas and Electric Company[3] Texarkana Horse   1894 1900  
Electric   1900 31 Dec 1934 Interstate streetcar system, also served Texarkana, Texas.
Central Power and Light Company[3] Walnut Ridge Electric    ?  ?  

California[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Alameda Horse    ? 1892  
Electric   7 May 1893 1930  
  Anaheim Horse   1 Mar 1887 1899  
Bakersfield and Kern Electric Railway[3] Bakersfield Horse   May 1888 1900  
Electric 17 Feb 1901 28 Feb 1942  
  Berkeley Horse   1873 1875  
Steam   1875 1891  
Electric   12 May 1891 28 Nov 1948  
Burlingame Electric Railway[2] Burlingame Accumulator (storage battery)   22 Feb 1913 19 Nov 1917  
Sacramento Northern Railroad[3] Chico Electric Interurban 12 Aug 1904 28 Nov 1948  
  Coronado Horse   1886 1886  
Steam   1886 1893  
Electric   6 Oct 1893 31 May 1947  
Humboldt Transit Company[3] Eureka Horse   20 Aug 1888 30 Apr 1897  
Electric   15 Sep 1903 31 Oct 1940  
Visalia Electric Railroad[3] Exeter Electric Interurban 1904 1944  
Diesel   1944 1992  
Fresno Traction Company[3] Fresno Horse   25 Jan 1889 Sep 1901  
Electric   19 Oct 1902 20 May 1939  
Glendale and Montrose Railway[3] Glendale Electric Interurban 13 Mar 1909 30 Dec 1930  
Nevada County Traction Company Grass ValleyNevada City, California Electric Interurban c. 1901 1923[7]  
  Hayward Horse    ? 1 Sep 1909  
  Imperial Beach Petrol (gasoline)   1910 1913  
Accumulator (storage battery)   Apr 1913 1916  
  Lake Elsinore Electric (?)    ?  ? Note for Lake Elsinore: Only one source (dated 1888) states that an electric tramway was in operation here. No other sources provide confirmation.
  Long Beach Electric   Sep 1902 24 Feb 1940 Reintroduced (LRT) 14 Jul 1990 as part of Metro Rail's Blue Line.
  Los Angeles Horse   1 Jul 1874  ?  
Cable   8 Oct 1885 2 Oct 1902  
Steam   1886 ca. 1915  
Los Angeles Railway[8] Los Angeles Electric   1901 1958 Name was changed to Los Angeles Transit Lines in 1945
Pacific Electric[8] Los Angeles Electric Interurban and streetcar 1901 1958  
Los Angeles MTA[8] Los Angeles Electric   3 Mar 1958 31 Mar 1963  
Angels Flight Los Angeles Funicular   1901

1996

1969

 

Reopened in 1996 a few blocks away from the original site; however, service suspended since Sep 2013.
Metro Rail (Blue, Expo, Gold and Green lines) Los Angeles Electric Light rail 14 July 1990 Part of Los Angeles' larger Metro Rail network, which also includes the heavy rail Red and Purple lines.
  MarysvilleYuba City Horse   17 Aug 1889  ?  
Electric   1907 15 Feb 1942  
  Monrovia Horse    ? 1903  
Monterey and Pacific Grove Railway[3][9] MontereyPacific Grove Horse   5 Aug 1891 1905  
Electric   1905 Dec 1923  
  National City Horse    ?  ?  
Nevada County Traction Company[3] Nevada CityGrass Valley Electric Interurban 15 Oct 1901 3 Jan 1924  
  Oakland Horse   30 Oct 1869 1883 See List of California street railroads
Steam   1875  ?
Cable   9 Nov 1886 21 May 1899
Electric   12 May 1891 28 Nov 1948 see also Key System, San Francisco.
Key System ♦ Oakland – Hayward Electric   17 May 1892 10 Mar 1935  
Key System ♦ Oakland – Richmond Electric   7 Jul 1904 7 Nov 1933  
  OntarioUpland Horse   1887 1895  
Pacific Electric Electric Interurban 1895 6 Oct 1928 Formerly Ontario and San Antonio Heights Railroad[2]
  Oxnard Petrol (gasoline)   1908 Jan 1927  
  Palo Alto Electric   14 Nov 1906 27 Sep 1925 see also San Jose.
  Pasadena Horse   1886 1895  
Electric   1893 19 Jan 1941 Reintroduced (LRT) 26 Jul 2003 as part of Metro Rail's Gold Line.
  Paso Robles Horse    ? 1903.  
  Petaluma Horse   1889 1903  
Petaluma and Santa Rosa Railroad[3] PetalumaSanta Rosa Electric Interurban  ?  ? Ran from Petaluma to Santa Rosa via Sebastopol and Forestville
  Pomona Horse   10 Feb 1888 1896  
Steam   Apr 1888 Jun 1909  
Electric   3 Jul 1909 3 Jul 1924  
  Redlands Horse   23 May 1899 22 Jul 1899  
Steam   4 Jul 1888 14 May 1915  
Electric   23 Dec 1899 20 Jul 1936  
Shipyard Railway Richmond Electric   7 Jul 1904 7 Nov 1933 The Shipyard Railway was operated by the transit company Key System.
  Riverside Horse   1887 1898  
Steam   1887 1898  
Electric   11 Apr 1899 10 Jan 1943  
  Sacramento (first era) Horse   20 Aug 1870 ca. 1892  
Accumulator (storage battery)   1887 189_  
Sacramento Electric, Gas and Railway Company[2] Electric   1890 1915  
Pacific Gas and Electric Company[3] Electric   1915 4 Jan 1947 Reintroduced 12 Mar 1987 (see below).
  Sacramento (second era) Electric Light rail 12 Mar 1987 LRT[10] (see Sacramento Regional Transit District).
  San Bernardino Steam   1885 1903  
Electric    ? 8 Apr 1942  
  San Diego (first era) Horse   3 Jul 1886 30 Jun 1896  
Coronado Beach Railroad Company[11] Steam   29 Nov 1887 1892  
San Diego Cable Railway[11] Cable   7 Jun 1890 1 Oct 1892  
San Diego Electric Railway[3][11] Electric   31 Dec 1887

21 Sep 1892

June 1889

24 Apr 1949

See San Diego Electric Railway. Reintroduced as LRT, 26 Jul 1981 (see below).
San Diego Trolley San Diego (second era) Electric Light rail 6 Jul 1981 Operated by MTS, via SDTI.[12] Preceded by the San Diego Electric Railway.
  ♦ San Diego – National City Electric   1 Dec 1907 10 Jan 1930  
  San Francisco (first era) Steam    ?  ?  
Horse    ?  ?  
Clay Street Hill Railroad Cable   1 Sep 1873 12 Sep 1891 The world's first cable car line
Sutter Street Railway Cable   27 Jan 1877  ?  
California Street Cable Railroad Cable   10 Apr 1878 31 Jul 1951 Purchased by the city of San Francisco in 1952, with one line of the system reopened, and still in service.
Geary Street, Park and Ocean Railway Cable   16 Feb 1880 6 May 1912  
  San Francisco Cable   1878   [13] See: San Francisco cable car system.
Muni Metro Electric   29 Jul 1891(?)

1917 (1980)

  Renovated as partially "light rail" in 1980-1982.[13] See: San Francisco Municipal Railway. See also: Key System, Oakland.
F Market & Wharves Electric   1 Sep 1995   Former streetcar route reopened as a Heritage streetcar line in 1995.
Peninsular Railway[3] San Jose (first era) Horse    ?  ?  
Steam   1896 Sep 1901  
Electric   16 May 1888 10 Apr 1938 Reintroduced as LRT, 14 Dec 1987 (see below).
  San Jose (second era) Electric Light rail 14 Dec 1987 LRT[14] (see Santa Clara VTA Light Rail).
  San Luis Obispo Horse   1888 1901  
  San Pedro Electric   1905 23 Jan 1938 Reopened as a Heritage streetcar (see below)
Port of Los Angeles Waterfront Red Car Line Electric   12 Jul 2003 Heritage streetcar[15]
  Santa AnaOrange Steam   1897 1914  
Electric   10 Feb 1906 14 Sep 1930  
Santa Barbara & Suburban Railway Santa Barbara Horse   1875 1896  
Electric   1 Oct 1896 1 Oct 1929  
Union Traction Company[3] Santa Cruz Horse   3 Aug 1875

Oct 1908

1899

Jul 1910

 
Electric    ? 14 Jan 1926  
  Santa Maria Horse    ?  ?  
  Santa Monica Horse   1891 1906  
Electric   1 Jul 1896 13 Dec 1929  
  Santa Rosa Horse   1877 1905  
  South San Francisco Electric   1902 31 Dec 1938  
Stockton Electric Railroad[3] Stockton Horse   6 Apr 1874 1892  
Electric   13 Jul 1892 Sep 1941  
  Vallejo Horse    ?  ?  
San Francisco, Napa and Calistoga Railway VallejoCalistoga Electric Interurban 1905 1937 Ran from Vallejo to Calistoga via Napa, Yountville, Oakville, Rutherford and St. Helena
Watsonville Railway and Navigation Company[2] Watsonville Electric Interurban May 1904

Apr 1911

1907

Oct 1913

 
  Woodland Horse    ?  ?  

Colorado[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Aspen Horse    ?  ?  
  Boulder Horse   1891 1893  
Electric   Jun 1899 1931  
  Colorado Springs Horse   1887  ?  
Accumulator (storage battery)   1890  ?  
Electric    ? 30 Apr 1932  
  ♦ Colorado Springs – Manitou Springs Electric   1890 30 Apr 1932  
  Denver (first era) Horse   1871  ?  
Cable   22 Dec 1888 1 Apr 1900  
Electric   1888? 3 June 1950 See Denver Tramway.
RTD Light Rail Denver (second era) Electric Light rail 7 Oct 1994   Currently operates 5 light rail lines.
  Durango Horse   1883  ?  
Electric    ? 1920  
  Florence Electric   1912   Tramway line built and two cars purchased, but public service was not started.
Fort Collins Municipal Railway Fort Collins Electric   29 Dec 1907 30 June 1951 Heritage streetcar service opened 29 Dec 1984,[16] using the same name as the former system (see Fort Collins Municipal Railway); service was temporarily suspended for maintenance during 2010-2011.
  Grand Junction Horse   1890 1909  
Electric   1909 1928  
  Greeley Electric   1910 1923  
  Leadville Horse    ?  ?  
  Pueblo Horse   1879 1890  
Electric   6 Jun 1890 1948  
  Manitou Springs Electric    ?  ?  
  Trinidad Horse   22 Feb 1886  ?  
Electric    ? 1926  

Peschkes (Part Four, 1998, Page 59) states that, despite various evidence, the following town did not have a tramway:

Connecticut[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Bridgeport Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1937  
  Bristol Electric   189_ 1 Aug 1935  
  Danbury Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1926  
  Derby Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1937  
  Greenwich Electric   189_ 1927  
  Groton Electric   1904 1928  
Groton and Stonington Street Railway Groton - Westerly, Rhode Island Electric Interurban 1904 1928  
Connecticut Company Hartford Horse   3 May 1863 1892  
Electric   1888 27 Jul 1941  
  Meriden Horse   187_  ?  
Electric    ? 1931  
  Middletown Horse   187_  ?  
Electric    ? 1929  
  Milford Electric   189_ 27 Nov 1937  
  Mystic Horse   187_  ?  
Electric   190_  ?  
  New Britain Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1937  
  New Haven Horse   6 May 1861  ?  
Electric   1892[17] 25 Sep 1948  
  New London Horse   187_  ?  
Electric    ? 1934  
  Norwalk Horse   186_  ?  
Electric    ? 1935  
  Norwich Horse   187_  ?  
Electric   188_ 1936  
Norwich and Westerly Railway Norwich - Westerly, Rhode Island Electric Interurban 18 Aug 1906 31 Dec 1922 Ran from Norwich to Westerly via Preston, Ledyard, North Stonington and Pawcatuck
  Stamford Horse   1887  ?  
Electric   1894 1933  
  Stratford Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1934  
  Torrington Electric   189_ 1929  
  Wallingford Electric    ? 1937  
  Waterbury Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1937  
  Willimantic Horse   188_  ?  
Electric   1903 1936  

Delaware[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  MiddletownOdessa Steam   1906 1909  
  Wilmington Horse   30 Jun 1864  ?  
Electric   1888 1940  

District of Columbia[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Washington (first era) Horse   29 Jul 1862 26 May 1900  
Cable   12 Apr 1890 23 Jul 1899  
Electric   17 Oct 1888 28 Jan 1962 See: Streetcars in Washington, D.C., Northern Virginia trolleys.

See also Notes below.

DC Streetcar Washington (second era) Electric       Modern-streetcar system under construction, with scheduled operation in fall or winter 2014.
  • Notes for Washington, D.C.:
    • Operation into Maryland, ? – 2 January 1960.
    • Operation into Virginia, 1923 – 25 August 1956.

Florida[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Altamonte Springs Horse    ?  ?  
  Arcadia Horse    ?  ?  
  Avon Park Horse    ?  ? Connected Avon Park and Pabor Lake.
  Bartow Horse    ?  ?  
  Bradenton Electric   1903 1905  
Coral Gables Rapid Transit Coral Gables Electric   30 Apr 1925 3 Nov 1935  
Central of Florida Railway Company[18] Daytona Beach Electric    ? 1918 Daytona, Daytona Beach, and Seabreeze were separate cities at this time. The rail company built the original Broadway Bridge for its trolleys.[19]
  Everglades Accumulator (storage battery)    ? 1929 [20]
Fernandina and Amelia Beach Railway Fernandina Beach Electric    ? 192_  
  Fort Meade Horse    ?  ?  
  Gainesville Horse    ?  ?  
  Green Cove Springs Horse    ?  ? Connected Green Cove Springs and Magnolia Springs.
Jacksonville Street Railway Jacksonville Horse   1880 May 1895 Various companies consolidated to create Florida's largest streetcar system
Electric   24 Feb 1893 12 Dec 1936
Jacksonville and LaVilla Street Railway
Pine Street Railway
Main Street Railway
North Jacksonville Street Railway, Town and Improvement Company
Jacksonville and Suburban Railway
Jacksonville Electric Company
South Jacksonville Municipal Railways
Ortega Traction Company
Duval Traction Company
Jacksonville Traction Company
  Key West Horse   1881  ?  
Electric    ? 10 Jun 1926  
  Leesburg Horse    ?  ?  
  Miami Accumulator (storage battery)   1915 1921  
Electric   25 Jul 1906

Mar 1922

3 Sep 1907

14 Nov 1940

 
  Miami Beach Electric   Dec 1920 17 Oct 1939  
  Mulberry Horse    ?  ?  
Silver Springs and Western Ocala Horse    ?  ? Connected Ocala and Silver Springs.
  Orlando Horse    ?  ?  
Orlando and Winter Park Railway OrlandoWinter Park Steam    ?  ? known as the Dinky Line, later part of East Florida and Atlantic Railroad, later part of Seaboard Air Line Railroad, later part of CSX
  Ormond Beach Horse    ?  ?  
Palatka and Heights Street Railway Palatka Horse    ?  ?  
  Palm Beach Horse    ?  ?  
  Panacea Horse    ?  ? Connected Panacea and Sopchoppy.
Pensacola Electric Company Pensacola Electric    ? Jun 1932  
St Augustine and South Beach Railway St. Augustine Horse    ?  ?  
Steam    ?  ?  
Electric    ?

1926

 
  St. Petersburg Electric    ? 1949  
Sanford and Everglades Railway Sanford Petrol (gasoline)   1908  ?  
  Tallahassee Horse    ?  ?  
  Tampa (first era) Horse   1886  ?  
Electric   1892 4 Aug 1946  
TECO Line Streetcar System Tampa (second era) Electric   21 Oct 2002   Heritage streetcar system[21] operated by the Hillsborough Transit Authority.
  West Palm Beach Horse    ?  ?  
Winter Park Company Winter Park Mule   6 Feb 1885 1903  

Georgia[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Albany Horse    ?  ?  
Albany Transit Company[22] Electric   1912 1920  
  Americus Electric   1891 1893  
  Athens Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1930  
Atlanta (first era) Horse   8 Sep 1871  ? See Streetcars in Atlanta.
Steam   1887  ?
Electric   23 Aug 1889 17 Apr 1949
Atlanta Streetcar Atlanta (second era) Electric   2014[23]   Modern streetcar line under construction since early 2012.[24]
  Augusta Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1937  
  Brunswick Horse    ?  ?  
Steam    ?  ?  
Electric   1909 1924  
  Cedartown Horse    ?  ?  
  Clarkesville Horse    ? 1918  
  Columbus Horse    ?  ?  
Steam    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1935 System included interstate line to Phenix City, Alabama.
  Covington Horse    ? 1918  
  Cumberland Island Horse    ?  ?  
  Fairburn Petrol (gasoline)    ? 1925  
  Gainesville Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 4 Apr 1925  
  Griffin Horse    ?  ?  
  Macon Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1935  
  Milledgeville Horse    ?  ?  
Steam    ?  ?  
Accumulator (storage battery)    ? 13 Jun 1914  
  Rome Horse    ?  ?  
Steam    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1931  
  St. Marys Horse    ?  ?  
  St. Simons Horse    ?  ?  
Steam    ?  ?  
Petrol (gasoline)    ?  ?  
  Savannah Horse   1869[25]  ?  
Steam    ? 1892[25]  
Electric   1890[25] 1946[25] Heritage streetcar service (the River Street Streetcar) with limited days and hours of operation opened 11 February 2009.
  Talapoosa Horse    ?  ?  
Accumulator (storage battery)    ?  ?  
  Valdosta Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1934  
  Washington Horse    ? 1916  
  Waycross Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1917  

Peschkes (Part Four, 1998, Page 44) states that, despite the assumption of another historian, there is no evidence for tramways in the following towns:

Hawaii[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Honolulu Horse   28 December 1888  ?  
Electric   1900 1 July 1941 Note: New light rail line under construction.

Idaho[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Boise Horse   1887  ?  
Electric   1891 1928  
  Caldwell Electric   1907 1928  
  Lewiston Electric   3 May 1915 3 Aug 1929 Interstate tramway, extended between Lewiston and Clarkston, Washington.
  Sandpoint Electric   Apr 1910 1917  

Illinois[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Alton Granite & St. Louis Alton Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1932  
  AnnaJonesboro Electric   1907 1925  
Aurora, Elgin and Fox River Electric Aurora Horse   1884  ?  
Electric 1891 17 Nov 1934  
  Belleville Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1932 Reintroduced (St. Louis LRT) 2001.
  Belvidere Electric   1895 30 Jun 1915  
  BloomingtonNormal Horse   1888  ?  
Electric    ? 1936  
  Blue Island Electric    ?  ?  
  Cairo Horse   1880  ?  
Electric    ? 1933  
Illinois Central Electric Canton Gas    ?  ? "Gas" refers to town gas, not petrol (gasoline).
Electric   1907 25 Jul 1928  
  Centralia Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   1892 1929  
  ChampaignUrbana Horse   1863  ?  
Electric   1890 1936  
  Charleston Electric   1904 1925  
Chicago Transit Authority Chicago Horse   1858 1906  
Cable   28 Jan 1882 21 Oct 1906  
Electric   21 Oct 1890 21 Jun 1958 See Chicago Surface Lines.
See also Hammond, Indiana
  Chicago Heights Electric    ?  ?  
  Chillicothe Horse    ?  ?  
Chicago and West Towns Railway CiceroBerwyn Horse    ?  ? Also experimental operation with steam and gas (town gas) traction.
Electric    ? 10 Apr 1948  
  Danville Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   1891 1936  
  Decatur Horse   1876  ?  
Electric    ? 1936  
  DeKalb Electric    ?  ?  
  Dixon Electric   May 1904 17 Sep 1925  
  Du Quoin Horse    ?  ? Connected Du Quoin and St. Johns.
East St. Louis & Suburban East St. Louis Electric    ? 1935 System operated interstate tramway services to St. Louis, Missouri. Reintroduced (St. Louis LRT) 1993.
Aurora, Elgin and Fox River Electric Elgin Horse 1884  ?  
Electric  ?  ?  
Evanston Railway Company Evanston Electric    ? 1935  
Freeport Railway Light & Power Freeport Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   1891 1933  
Galesburg Railway Company Galesburg Horse   1885  ?  
Electric    ? 1931  
  Granite City Electric    ? 1958 Interstate suburban line from St. Louis, Missouri.
  Harrisburg Electric   1913 1933  
  Harvey Electric   1892 189_  
  Hillsboro Electric    ?  ?  
  Jacksonville Horse   1867  ?  
Electric    ? 1930  
  Joliet Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1934  
Kankakee Electric Railway Kankakee Electric   1891 1931  
  Kewanee Electric    ? Feb 1936  
  LaSallePeru Steam    ?  ?  
Electric   1891 1926  
  Lincoln Electric   25 Dec 1891 1929  
Mattoon Street Railway Mattoon Electric   1904 1927  
  MechanicsburgBuffalo Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ?  ?  
Tri City Railway & Light Moline Electric    ? 1936  
  Mount Vernon Electric    ? 1917  
  Murphysboro Electric   1903 1927  
  Ottawa Electric   1889 1934  
  Paris Electric    ? 1928  
Pekin Municipal Railway Pekin Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 11 Nov 1935  
Illinois Power Company Peoria Horse   1870  ?  
Electric    ? 1946  
  Pontiac Electric   23 Apr 1905 24 Nov 1925  
  Princeton Electric   1906 1929  
Quincy Railway Quincy Horse   1867  ?  
Electric    ? 1930  
Rockford Public Service Rockford Horse   1881 1889  
Electric   1889 3 Sep 1936  
Tri City Railway & Light Rock Island Horse   1866  ?  
Electric    ? 1940 Operated as part of Davenport, Iowa, system. Operated interstate service to Davenport, Iowa.
Illinois Power Company Springfield Horse   1865  ?  
Electric   1893 27 Dec 1937  
  Sterling Electric   May 1904 17 Sep 1925  
  Streator Electric   1891

1898

1896

1912

 
  Taylorville Electric    ? 1925  
Bluff City Electric Railway[26] Waukegan Electric   1891 1947[27] See the Chicago North Shore and Milwaukee Railroad in which the Bluff City Electric Railway was a subsidiare.[28]

Indiana[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Anderson Horse    ? 14 Aug 1892  
Electric    ? 13 Nov 1937  
  Angola Electric   1904 1918  
  Brazil Electric    ?  ?  
  Brownstown Horse    ?  ?  
  Columbus Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   1892 28 Jul 1929  
  Crawfordsville Electric    ? 31 Oct 1922  
Hammond, Whiting & East Chicago Railway East Chicago Electric   15 May 1893 1940 Also served Whiting.
Northern Indiana Railway Elkhart Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   1891

15 May 1894

1891

2 Jun 1934

 
  Elwood Electric   6 Sep 1893 1 Aug 1924  
  Evansville Horse   1886 1894  
Electric   15 Sep 1892 1939  
  Fort Wayne Horse   6 Jan 1872 9 Aug 1894  
Electric   7 August 1892 27 June 1947  
  French LickWest Baden Springs Electric   9 Nov 1903 18 Jul 1919  
Gary Railways Gary Electric   20 May 1908 1947 Also served Hobart
  Goshen Electric   4 Jul 1896 1920  
  Greencastle Horse    ?  ?  
Hammond, Whiting & East Chicago Railway Hammond Electric   15 May 1893 1946 Operated interstate service to Chicago, Illinois.
  Huntington Electric   1902 1910  
  Indianapolis Horse   3 Oct 1864 1894  
Electric   18 Jun 1890 11 Jan 1953  
  Jeffersonville Electric   1888 1934  
  Kokomo Electric   15 Dec 1891 17 Apr 1932  
  La Porte Electric   1 Jul 1902 1918  
  Lafayette Horse   1868

1884

187_

1889

 
Electric   30 Oct 1888 14 Mar 1940  
  Logansport Horse   1882 1896  
Electric   1 Oct 1891 29 Apr 1932  
  Madison Horse   188_  ?  
Electric   20 Jun 1898 30 Jun 1918  
  Marion Horse   188_  ?  
Electric   1 Aug 1893 26 Jun 1947  
Northern Indiana Railway Michigan City Electric   189_ 1932  
  Mount Vernon Horse    ?  ?  
  Muncie Steam    ?  ?  
Electric   1 Sep 1892 1932  
  New Albany Electric   1891 21 Jan 1946 See also Louisville, Kentucky.
  New Castle Electric    ? 31 Oct 1922  
  Peru Electric   3 Aug 1901 30 Sep 1934  
  Richmond Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   6 Sep 1889 1938  
Northern Indiana Railway South Bend Horse   27 May 1885  ?  
Electric   15 Jan 1885

1889

 ?

15 Jun 1940

Experimental operation in 1882. System also served Mishawaka.
  Terre Haute Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 6 Jan 1940  
  Vincennes Horse   1881  ?  
Electric   8 September 1891 1 Jul 1938  
  Wabash Electric   3 Aug 1901 1 Aug 1931  
  Warsaw Electric    ? 1938  
  Washington Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   1894 31 Oct 1935  

Iowa[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Albia Horse    ?  ?  
Petrol (gasoline)    ?  ?  
Electric   18 Dec 1907 1922  
  Ames Steam    ?  ?  
Electric   1907 Jul 1929  
  Boone Horse   1883  ?  
Electric   14 Nov 1899 19 May 1925  
  Burlington Horse   1 Jan 1874  ?  
Electric   30 May 1891 1929  
  Cedar Falls Electric   14 Dec 1897 18 May 1941  
  Cedar Rapids Horse   188_  ?  
Electric   1891 13 Nov 1937  
  Centerville Horse   1887  ?  
Electric   1902 25 Apr 1925  
  Charles City Electric   1915 1921  
  Clinton Horse   6 Feb 1869  ?  
Electric   1890 25 May 1937  
  Council Bluffs Horse   1869  ?  
Electric   Dec 1887 15 Sep 1948 Omaha Traction Company
  Davenport Horse   2 Mar 1869  ?  
Electric   6 Aug 1888 15 Apr 1940 Tramway system also served Rock Island and Moline, Illinois.
  Des Moines Horse   11 Jan 1868  ?  
Electric   1888 6 March 1950  
  Dubuque Horse   23 May 1868  
Electric   25 Dec 1889 4 Jul 1932  
  Fort Dodge Electric   1896 14 Nov 1925  
  Fort Madison Horse   Jul 1888  ?  
Electric   1895 1929  
  Independence Electric   22 Aug 1892 14 Aug 1907  
  Iowa City Electric   1 Nov 1910 16 Aug 1930  
  Keokuk Horse   1883  ?  
Electric   30 Aug 1890 15 May 1928  
  Marshalltown Horse   1883  ?  
Electric   31 Dec 1892 31 Aug 1928  
  Mason City Electric   1897 30 Aug 1936  
  Muscatine Horse   11 Sep 1883  ?  
Electric   30 May 1893 17 Mar 1929  
  Oskaloosa Horse   1880  ?  
Electric   1898 May 1926  
  Ottumwa Horse   1881  ?  
Electric   1889 (?) 12 Aug 1930  
  Red Oak Horse   Apr 1882 1901  
  Sioux City Horse   1 Jul 1881

1885

 ?

?

 
Cable   1 Jun 1889 15 May 1894  
Electric   6 April 1890 1948 System included interstate tramway to South Sioux City, Nebraska.
  TamaToledo Electric   4 Jul 1894 25 Jun 1925  
  Waterloo Horse   1885 May 1896  
Electric   1896 Aug 1939  
  ♦ Waterloo – Cedar Falls Electric   1897 31 Jul 1958  

Kansas[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Abilene Horse    ?  ?  
  Arkansas City Horse   18__  ?  
Electric    ? 1922  
  Atchison Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1929  
  Baxter Springs Horse    ?  ?  
  Chetopa Horse    ?  ?  
  Clay Center Horse    ?  ?  
  Coffeyville Electric   190_ 1948  
  Cottonwood FallsStrong City Horse   22 Aug 1887 29 Jan 1918  
Petrol (gasoline)   29 Jan 1918 27 Jun 1919  
  Council Grove Horse    ?  ?  
  Dighton (?) Horse (?)    ?  ? See note.
  Emporia Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   189_ 1928  
  Fort Scott Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   189_ 1918  
  Galena Electric    ?  ? See also: Joplin, Missouri.
  Garden City Horse    ?  ?  
  Great Bend Horse    ?  ?  
  Hutchinson Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1925[29]  
  Independence Electric    ? 1946  
  Iola Electric    ?  ?  
  Junction City Electric   12 Aug 1901 28 Feb 1934  
  Kansas City Horse    ?  ?  
Cable   15 Jun 1885 13 Oct 1913  
Electric    ? 1957[29] Streetcar system served Kansas City, North Kansas City and Independence, Missouri, and Kansas City, Kansas.
  Kingman Horse    ?  ?  
  Larned Horse    ?  ?  
  Lawrence Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1933[29]  
  Leavenworth Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   189_ 1925  
Manhattan City and Interurban Railway Co. Manhattan Petrol (gasoline)    ?  ?  
Electric Interurban 10 Jun 1909 Oct 1928 Extended to Fort Riley and Junction City
  McPherson Horse    ?  ?  
  Newton Horse   1886

1910

1890

?

 
Electric   25 Oct 1913 1 Nov 1925  
  Ottawa Horse    ?  ?  
  Parsons Electric    ?  ?  
  Pittsburg Electric   20 Oct 1890 1932 See also: Joplin, Missouri.
  Pratt Horse    ?  ?  
  Salina Horse   188_  ?  
Steam    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 17 Jul 1937  
  Topeka Horse   1881[30] 1889?  
Electric   1889[30] 1937[29]  
  Wellington Horse    ?  ?  
  Wichita Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1933[29]  
  Winfield Horse   1886 17 May 1909  
Electric    ? 24 May 1926  
  • Peschkes (Part Four, 1998, Page 57) states that, although included in some statistics, the following (horse-drawn) streetcar systems were not built:
    • Beloit.
    • Dighton. Peschkes states that one source, dated 1888, states that this town had a streetcar line, but no confirmation was found.
    • El Dorado.
    • Marion. Peschkes states that "there is no more than a rumor" that this town had a horsecar line.

Kentucky[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Ohio Valley Electric Railway Ashland Electric Interurban and streetcar 189_ 1936 Besides operating local streetcar service in Ashland the Ohio Valley Electric Railway operated an interurban route between Ashland and Huntington, West Virginia.
  Bowling Green Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   189_  ?  
  Covington Horse   1867  ?  
Electric   1890 3 Jul 1950 Also served Newport and other communities. Operated service across Ohio River to Cincinnati, Ohio.
  Frankfort Electric    ? 6 Jan 1934  
  Georgetown Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   189_  ?  
  Henderson Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 17 Jul 1923  
  Lexington Horse   26 Aug 1882 4 Sep 1890  
Electric   24 Aug 1890 20 Apr 1938  
  Louisville Steam   1838 1844  
Horse   1844 1901  
Electric   1889 30 Apr 1948 See also New Albany and Jeffersonville, Indiana.
  Maysville Electric    ?  ?  
  Middlesboro Horse   188_  ?  
Steam    ?  ?  
  Owensboro Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1934  
  Paducah Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1932  
  Somerset Electric    ?  ?  
  Winchester Electric    ?  ?  
  • Peschkes (Part Four, 1998, Page 59) states that, despite various evidence, the following towns did not have streetcar systems:
    • Barbourville – Peschkes describes "a marvellous picture postcard of a horse tramcar in the main street of Barbourville, with a woman driver," dated 1917. Similar picture postcards exist for U.S. towns that did not have horsecar or streetcar systems.
    • Mount Sterling.

Louisiana[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Abita Aprings Horse    ?  ?  
  Alexandria Horse   19 Jun 1891 19 Jun 1899  
Electric   12 Apr 1906 18 Dec 1926  
  Algiers Horse   1884 1 Sep 1907  
Electric   1 Sep 1907 22 Jan 1931  
  Baton Rouge Mule   16 Oct 1890 5 Apr 1893 Two mule car lines, later connected as a belt line.
Electric   6 Apr 1893 23 Apr 1936 Three lines at peak in 1924-1932[31]
  Burnside Horse    ?  ?  
  Grand Isle Horse   1866 1893  
  Lake Charles Horse   1891  ?  
Steam   1893 1906  
Electric   1 Feb 1906 29 Jun 1927  
  Monroe Electric   15 Jun 1906 21 Aug 1938  
  New Orleans Horse   Jan 1835  ?  
Steam   26 Jan 1835  ?  
Electric   1 Feb 1893   See Streetcars in New Orleans. Operation suspended 28 Aug 2005 – 18 Dec 2005 because of storm damage (Hurricane Katrina).
  Shreveport Horse   31 Dec 1870 16 Oct 1893  
Electric   4 Oct 1890 10 Dec 1939  

Maine[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Augusta, Winthrop and Gardiner Street Railway (German) Augusta Electric   26 Jul 1889 31 Jul 1932  
  Bangor Electric   29 Apr 1889 31 Dec 1945  
  Bath Electric   189_ 1932  
  Biddeford Horse   4 Jul 1888 5 May 1892 Connected Biddeford and Saco.
Electric    ? 5 Jul 1939
  Brunswick Electric    ?  ?  
  Calais Electric   4 Jul 1894 31 Oct 1929 International tramway, connected Calais and St. Stephen (New Brunswick), Canada (q.v.).
  Fairfield Electric    ?  ?  
Fryeburg Horse Railroad (German)[32] Fryeburg Horse   18. May 1888 1. Oct 1913  
  Lewiston Horse   3 Sep 1881 1896 Connected Lewiston and Auburn.
Electric    ? 6 Sep 1941  
The Norway – Paris Street Railway[33] Norway Electric   1895 1918 Connected Norway and South Paris.
  Portland Horse   10 Oct 1863 17 Dec 1895  
Electric   20 Jun 1891 4 May 1941  
  Rockland Electric   1 Aug 1892 1 Apr 1931  
  Sanford Electric   189_ 27 Apr 1947  
  Waterville Horse   23 Jun 1888 1892  
Electric   20 Jul 1892 11 Oct 1937  

Maryland[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Annapolis Electric    ?  ?  
  Baltimore (first era) Horse   1859  ?  
Cable   23 May 1891 23 Mar 1899  
Electric    ? 3 Nov 1963  
Baltimore Light Rail Baltimore (second era) Electric Light rail Apr 1992    
  Buena VistaBuena Vista Springs Horse    ?  ?  
  Chesapeake Beach Steam    ?  ?  
Electric    ?  ?  
Petrol (gasoline)    ? 1921 (?)  
Cumberland and Westernport Electric Railway Cumberland Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   189_ 1932  
Hagerstown & Frederick Railway Frederick Electric   189_ 1937  
Hagerstown Electric   189_ 1939  

Massachusetts[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Attleboro Horse   187_  ?  
Electric    ? 1932  
  Boston Horse   1856  ?  
Electric Portion (MBTA Green Line) upgraded to light rail in the 1970s 1887   See Boston-area streetcar lines. The surviving portions are the Mattapan Line and the MBTA Green Line. See also: Category:Streetcars in the Boston area.
  Brockton Horse   26 July 1881  ?  
Electric   5 Sep 1890 11 Jul 1937  
  Conway Horse   1 April 1895 1921  
  Fall River Horse   1880 1891  
Electric   1892 20 Sep 1936  
  Fitchburg Horse   3 July 1886  ?  
Electric    ? 1932 Connected Fitchburg and Leominster.
  Framingham Electric   188_ 1925  
  Gardner Electric   189_ 1924  
  Gloucester Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1919  
  Greenfield Electric   189_  ?  
  Haverhill Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 29 Aug 1936  
  Holyoke Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1936  
  Lawrence Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? Mar 1936  
  Lowell Horse   187_  ?  
Electric    ? Mar 1936 Resurrected as a 1-mile heritage streetcar line in 1984, and is still currently operating.[34][35]
  Lynn Horse   185_  ?  
Electric   19 November 1888 1937 Purported to be the first electric trolley in Massachusetts
  New Bedford Horse   187_  ?  
Electric    ? 1947  
  Newburyport Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 27 Aug 1930  
  Newton Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 193_  
  Northampton Horse   186_  ?  
Electric    ? 1933  
  Oak Bluffs Electric    ?  ?  
  Pittsfield Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1932  
  Plymouth Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1928  
  Quincy Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1948  
  Salem Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ?  ?  
  Springfield Horse   186_  ?  
Electric   6 Jun 1890 1940  
  Stoneham Electric    ? 27 Jul 1946  
  Taunton Horse   23 Sep 1871  ?  
Electric   3 Sep 1893 Jul 1932  
  Waltham Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 193_  
  Worcester Horse   186_  ?  
Electric    ? 31 Dec 1945  

Michigan[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Adrian Electric   1889 1924  
  Ann Arbor Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   28 Sep 1890 31 Jan 1925  
  Battle Creek Horse   1865  ?  
Electric   1887

188_

1887

30 Sep 1932

 
  Bay City Electric    ? Aug 1921  
  Benton Harbor Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   1892 Sep 1935 System also served St. Joseph.
  Cheboygan Horse   1893 1898  
    1896 1898  
Department of Street Railways (The DSR) 1922-1956 Detroit Horse   3 Aug 1863 9 Nov 1895  
Electric   1 Sep 1886 8 Apr 1956 See also: Detroit United Railway (1900-1922). Detroit had a heritage streetcar line, 20 Sep 1976 – Jun 2003.
  Escanaba Electric   1892 1932  
  Fenton Horse    ?  ?  
  Flint Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   1900 4 Apr 1936  
  Grand Haven Electric    ?  ?  
  Grand Rapids Horse   1864  ?  
Cable   18 Apr 1888 12 Nov 1891  
Electric    ?  ?  
  Holland Electric    ?  ?  
  Iron RIver Horse   1913 1921  
  Ishpeming Electric   1893 20 Aug 1927  
  Jackson Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   19 Sep 1891 27 Jun 1936  
  Kalamazoo Horse   1885  ?  
Electric   1893 2 Nov 1932  
  Lansing Horse   1886  ?  
Electric   26 Aug 1890 15 Apr 1933  
  Manistee Electric   1892 26 Aug 1921  
  Marquette Electric   1891 19 April 1935  
  Menominee Electric    ? 1928 System also served Marinette, Wisconsin.
  Monroe Electric    ?  ?  
  Mount Clemens Horse   1890  ?  
Electric   1900 Jan 1930  
  Muskegon Horse   25 Nov 1882  ?  
Electric   Apr 1890 10 Oct 1929  
  Owosso Electric   1911 1929 Connected Owosso and Corunna.
  Pontiac Electric   1900 1932  
  Port Huron Horse   186_  ?  
Electric   1886 28 Jan 1930 See also Sarnia, Ontario, Canada.
  Saginaw Horse   1863  ?  
Electric   1899 9 Oct 1931 Operation suspended Aug 1921 – 1 Nov 1923 because of dispute between street railway company and local authority.
  Sault Ste. Marie Electric   1888 8 Jul 1931 See also Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada.

Minnesota[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Anoka Horse   1884

1908

1897

1908

 
  Brainerd Horse   1887 1889  
Electric   1893 2 Jun 1898  
  Breckenridge Electric   30 Aug 1910 31 Mar 1925 Interstate streetcar line, connecting Breckenridge with Wahpeton, North Dakota. Ranked as the smallest interstate streetcar system (and one of the smallest urban streetcar systems) in the U.S.[citation needed]
Duluth Street Railway Duluth Horse   1882 1890  
Electric   1890 9 Sep 1939 System served Duluth and Superior, Wisconsin. Two funiculars operated in Duluth. The 7th Avenue West Incline which operated as part of the streetcar system, and the independent Duluth Belt Line Railway
Mesaba Railway Company[36]:180 Hibbing Electric Interurban 11 Dec 1921 16 Apr 1927  
American Traction Company[36]:179 International Falls Electric   1891 Oct 1895  
Accumulator (storage battery)   1913 1919 Occasional reports, described by Wyatt[37] as "unproven," state that accumulator (storage battery) tramcars operated on the railway bridge to Fort Francis, Ontario, Canada.
Mankato Street Railway Company[36]:180 Mankato Horse   23 Jul 1886 1895  
Electric   10 May 1908 8 Mar 1930  
Twin City Rapid Transit Company Minneapolis (first era) Horse   2 Sep 1875 23 Dec 1889  
Electric   23 Dec 1889 31 Oct 1953 See also Como-Harriet Streetcar Line (Heritage streetcar).
METRO Minneapolis (second era) Electric Light rail 26 Jun 2004   Blue (2004) & Green (2014) lines.
  Moorhead Electric   9 Dec 1912 30 Jun 1937 Operated as part of Fargo, North Dakota, streetcar system.
Granite City Railway St. Cloud Horse   3 Oct 1887 1892  
Electric   30 Jun 1892 29 Apr 1936  
  St. Paul Horse   15 Jul 1872  ?  
Cable   21 Jan 1888 3 Jun 1898  
Electric    ? 18 Jul 1954  
  Stillwater Electric   6 Nov 1899

27 Jun 1899

1897

10 Sep 1932

 
  Winona Horse   25 Dec 1883  ?  
Electric   22 Jan 1892 21 Jul 1938  

Mississippi[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Biloxi Electric   189_ 1932  
  Columbus Electric    ? 1920  
  Enterprise Horse    ?  ?  
  Greenville Electric   188_ 1929  
  Gulfport Electric   190_ 1932  
  Hattiesburg Electric   190_  ?  
  Jackson Mule   1871 1899  
Electric   1899 1935  
  Laurel Electric    ? 1934  
  Meridian Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ?  ?  
  Natchez Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1928  
  Pascagoula Electric    ?  ?  
  Vicksburg Electric   189_ 1935  
  Yazoo City Electric   1911 1918  

Missouri[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  AvaMansfield Steam    ?  ?  
Petrol (gasoline)    ?  ?  
  Cape Girardeau Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   189_ 1932  
  Carrollton Steam   1893  ?  
Electric   30 Aug 1897  ?  
  Carthage Horse   17 Oct 1883 24 Jan 1885  
Electric   24 Aug 1895 21 Jul 1935  
  CarthageCarterville Electric    ?  ? See also: Joplin (below).
  Clinton Horse    ?  ?  
  FarmingtonDelassus Electric    ?  ?  
  FarmingtonSt. Francois Electric    ?  ?  
  Hannibal Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   188_  ?  
  Independence Horse   1886  ?  
Steam   1886  ?  
Electric    ? 1935  
  Jefferson City Electric    ? 1934  
  Joplin Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1935  
Petrol (gasoline)    ?  ?  
  JoplinDuenwegCarterville Electric    ?  ?  
  JoplinGalena, KansasBaxter Springs, KansasPicher, Oklahoma Electric    ?  ?  
  JoplinPittsburg, Kansas Electric    ?  ? See also: Pittsburg, Kansas.
  JoplinWebb City Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ?  ?  
  Kansas City (first era) Horse   Apr 1869  ?  
Steam    ?  ?  
Cable   15 Jun 1885 13 Oct 1913  
Electric    ? 23 Jun 1957 See Streetcars in Kansas City.
Kansas City Downtown Streetcar Kansas City (second era) Electric   2015   New system under construction; see Kansas City Downtown Streetcar.
  Lebanon Electric    ?  ?  
  Nevada Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ?  ?  
  North Kansas City Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ?  ?  
  St. Joseph Horse   186_  ?  
Electric    ? 1939  
  St. Louis (first era) Horse   1859  ?  
Steam    ?  ?  
Cable   15 Apr 1886 14 Mar 1901  
Electric    ? 20 Jun 1966 See Streetcars in St. Louis.
St. Louis MetroLink St. Louis (second era) Electric Light rail 31 Jul 1993   Note: A heritage streetcar line is also planned; see Delmar Loop Trolley.
  Sedalia Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   189_ 1931  
  Springfield Horse   188_  ?  
Steam    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1937  
  Trenton Electric    ?  ?  
  Webb City Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ?  ?  
  Webb CityCarterville Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ?  ?  
  • Peschkes (Part Four, 1998, Page 80) states that, despite various evidence, the following towns did not have streetcar systems:

Montana[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Anaconda Electric   1 Sep 1890 31 Dec 1951  
  Billings Horse   1882 1883  
Accumulator (storage battery)   4 Apr 1912 1917  
  Bozeman Electric   21 Jul 1892 15 Dec 1921  
  Butte Horse   1886  ?  
Cable   4 Mar 1889 19 Sep 1897  
Electric   26 Aug 1890 22 Aug 1937  
  Great Falls Electric   18 Aug 1891 30 Nov 1931  
Horse   1892 1893  
  Helena Horse   25 Sep 1886  ?  
Electric   25 May 1890 1 Jan 1928  
  Missoula Horse   1897  ?  
Electric   1892

11 May 1910

1897

24 Jan 1932

 

Nebraska[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Beatrice Electric   18__ 1897  
  Fremont Horse    ?  ?  
  Grand Island Horse    ? 1898  
  Hastings Horse   1887  ?  
  Kearney Electric   18__ 1898  
  Lincoln     18__ 1945  
  Nebraska City Horse   1889 1910  
  Norfolk Electric   18__ 1897  
Omaha Horse Railway Company Omaha Horse   1868  ?  
Omaha Traction Company Cable   29 Dec 1887 7 Jul 1890
Omaha and Council Bluffs Railway and Bridge Company Electric    ? 1955  
  Plattsmouth Electric   18__ 1892  
  Red Cloud Horse   1887 1910  
  Wymore Horse    ?  ?  
  York Horse    ?  ?  

Nevada[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Reno Electric   Nov 1904[38] Sep 1927[38] See Streetcars in Reno.

New Hampshire[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Berlin Electric   4 Jul 1902 1 Dec 1928  
  Claremont Electric   190_ 1918  
  Concord Horse   1881  ?  
Electric    ? 29 Apr 1933  
  Dover Horse   1882  ?  
Electric   16 Aug 1889 15 Sep 1926  
  Exeter Electric   189_ 1924  
  Keene Electric   190_  ?  
  Laconia Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1926  
  Manchester Horse   1877  ?  
Electric   1895 2 May 1940  
  Nashua Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1932  
  Portsmouth Electric   189_ 1925  
  Rochester Electric   1 Sep 1889 6 May 1925  

New Jersey[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Asbury Park Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   19 Sep 1897 1931  
  Atlantic City Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 27 Dec 1955 see also Shore Fast Line.
  Beach Haven Horse    ?  ?  
Bridgeton and Millville Traction Company Bridgeton Electric    ?  ? see also Millville and Vineland.
  Brigantine Electric    ?  ?  
  Camden (first era) Horse   1871  ?  
Electric    ? 1935 Also served Gloucester City and other neighboring towns.
  ♦ Camden-Trenton Electric   190_ 1931  
River Line (New Jersey Transit) Camden (second era) Diesel Light rail 14 Mar 2004    
  Cape May Horse    ?  ?  
Steam    ?

1916

1892

1918

 
Electric   1892 1913  
Accumulator (storage battery)   1916 1916  
  Elizabeth Horse   1869  ?  
Coal Gas    ?  ? Coal gas is also known as Town gas and is not the same as petrol (gasoline).
Electric    ? 18 Feb 1931 Newark – Elizabeth tramway line closed 3 Jan 1937.
  GibbsboroLucaston Horse    ?  ?  
Steam    ?  ?  
  Hackensack Electric    ? 1938  
  Hudson County (first era) Horse   1860  ?  
Electric    ? 7 Aug 1949 Date refers to abandonment of the last lines using the Hoboken Inclined Elevated viaduct.
Hudson–Bergen Light Rail Hudson County (second era) Electric Light rail 22 Apr 2000    
  Keansburg Electric    ?  ?  
  Keyport Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   189_ 1923  
  Long Branch Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ?  ?  
  Metuchen Electric    ?  ?  
Millville Traction Company Millville Electric    ?  ? see also Bridgeton.
  Morristown Electric    ? 1927  
  Mount Holly Horse    ?  ?  
  New Brunswick Horse   1867  ?  
Electric    ? 1 Aug 1931 Suburban tramway line closed 26 Oct 1931.
  Newark Horse   1859 1893  
Cable       Line built and tested, but not placed in service because of technical problems.
Electric Light rail (modern era) Oct 1890

(26 May 1935)

See Note. See: Newark Light Rail (aka. Newark City Subway). See also: Note, below.
  Ocean City Electric    ?  ? see also Atlantic City
  Ortley Beach Horse    ?  ?  
  Passaic Electric    ?  ? Newark – Passaic tramway closed 20 Mar 1937.
  Paterson Horse   1863  ?  
Steam    ?  ?  
Coal Gas    ?  ? Coal gas is also known as Town gas and is not the same as petrol (gasoline).
Accumulator (storage battery)    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1 May 1928 Newark – Paterson tramway line closed 1938.
  Phillipsburg Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   1894 31 Oct 1931 See also Easton, Pennsylvania.
  Plainfield Electric   1901 1925 Newark – Plainfield tramway line closed 15 Sep 1935.
  Point Pleasant Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1919  
  Red Bank Electric   1896 1921  
  Rutherford Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   1896 1921  
  Sea Isle City Electric    ?  ?  
  Stone HarborCape May Court House Steam    ?  ?  
Petrol (gasoline)    ?  ?  
  Trenton Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 6 Dec 1934  
  Vineland Electric    ?  ?  
  Wildwood Electric    ? 1946  
  • Note for Newark: The streetcar subway, the Newark City Subway, opened 26 May 1935. Also served East Orange and other neighboring towns. (See also Public Service Railway and Newark-Trenton Fast Line.) Last Newark streecar line not using the subway closed 1 May 1938. Last surface streetcar lines using the subway closed 30 Mar 1952. Since then, effectively operated as a "light rail" line; line extended in 2002. System expanded to include a second line in 2006.

New Mexico[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Albuquerque Horse   1880 1904  
Electric   Sep (?) 1904 31 Dec 1927 Reintroduction planned.
  Las Vegas Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1928  

New York[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
United Traction Co. Albany Horse   22 Feb 1864 1921  
Electric   1890 1 Aug 1946  
  ♦♦ AlbiaAverill Park Electric   5 Oct 1895 31 Mar 1925 Albia is a former suburb and current neighborhood of Troy, New York
  Amsterdam Horse   4 Jul 1873  ?  
Electric   20 Dec 1890 1 Sep 1936  
  Auburn Electric    ?  ?  
Babylon Rail Road Company Babylon Horse   1871 1909  
Electric   1909 15 May 1920  
♦♦ BabylonAmityville Electric   1909 15 May 1920  
  Batavia Electric   Sep 1903 13 Jun 1927  
  Beacon Electric   27 Aug 1892 20 Apr 1930 Connected Beacon and Fishkill
  Binghamton Horse   1873 1893  
Electric   31 May 1887 1 Aug 1932  
  BinghamtonPort DickinsonJohnson City Horse   1 Jan 1883 (?) 1 Jul 1892  
Electric   1892 1 Aug 1932  
  Bronx Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   1892 21 Aug 1948  
  Brooklyn Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   1890 30 Oct 1956  
  Buffalo (first era) Horse   11 Jun 1860 1893  
Electric   20 Jun 1889 1 Jul 1950  
  BuffaloDepew Electric   8 May 1901 23 Sep 1926  
  BuffaloGardenvilleEbenezer Electric   18 Apr 1896 12 Dec 1931  
  BuffaloHamburg Electric   6 Oct 1900 12 Dec 1931  
  BuffaloWilliamsville Electric   5 April 1893 18 September 1930  
Buffalo Metro Rail Buffalo (second era) Electric Light rail 18 May 1984  
  Canandaigua Horse   6 Sep 1887 Jul 1892  
Electric   4 Aug 1894 31 Jul 1930  
  Catskill Electric   14 Dec 1900 by 31 Oct 1917  
  CharlotteManitou Beach Electric   1 Jun 1891 25 Aug 1925  
Pelham Park and City Island Railway ♦♦ City Island Horse   20 May 1887 1914  
Accumulator (storage battery)   17 Aug 1914 9 Aug 1919  
  Cohoes Horse   1864  ?  
Electric   1890 6 Feb 1934  
  Corning Electric   1 Nov 1895 1 Apr 1930  
  Cortland Horse   14 Sep 1885  ?  
Electric   1 Apr 1895 1928  
  CortlandHomerMcGrawPreble Horse   14 Sep 1885  ? Connected Cortland and Homer.
Electric   1 Apr 1895 15 Feb 1931  
  Dunkirk Electric   1 Jul 1900

1917

1917

by Aug 1923

 
  DunkirkFredonia Horse   Sep 1866 1891  
Electric   30 Oct 1891 25 Mar 1934  
Northport Traction Company East Northport - Northport Electric   18 Apr 1902 19 Aug 1924  
  Elmira Horse   Oct 1871  ?  
Steam   23 Jul 1889  ?  
Electric   30 Aug 1890 11 Mar 1939  
Ocean Electric Railway
(originally Far Rockaway Railroad)
♦♦ Far Rockaway Horse   2 Jul 1886 1898  
Electric   1898 24 Sep 1924  
  FondaFultonville Horse   1875 11 Jul 1884  
  FrankfortIlionMohawkHerkimer Horse   4 Jul 1871 1895 (?)  
Electric   1895 (?) 30 Jun 1933  
  Fredonia Electric   15 May 1910 Jul 1927  
Seashore Municipal Railroad Freeport Electric   1906 1924  
  Fulton Horse   15 Aug 1886 by 1908  
Electric    ? 15 Sep 1927  
  Geneva Electric   27 Mar 1895 1925  
  GenevaWaterlooSeneca FallsCayuga Steam   1886  ?  
Electric   13 Jul 1890 6 Dec 1928 Opened in stages, completed 27 Mar 1895.
  Glens Falls Horse   28 Sep 1885  ?  
Electric   1891 30 Jun 1928  
  Gloversville Electric    ?  ?  
  GloversvilleMountain Lake Electric   23 Aug 1901 30 Sep 1917  
  HighlandNew Paltz Electric   17 Aug 1897 7 Jul 1925  
  Hornell Electric   6 Aug 1892 15 Jul 1926  
  HornellCanisteo Electric   30 Dec 1892 15 Jul 1926  
Huntington Railroad Huntington Horse   19 Jul 1890 1898 Replaced by Huntington Traction Company (1920-1927)
Electric   17 Jun 1898 15 Aug 1927
♦♦ HuntingtonAmityville Electric   26 Aug 1909 23 Sep 1919  
  Ithaca Electric   2 Jan 1888

28 Jan 1893

May 1892

22 Jun 1935

 
  Jamestown Horse   20 Jun 1884 1892 (?)  
Electric   11 Jun 1891 29 Jan 1938  
  Johnstown Electric    ?  ?  
Kingston City; Colonial City Kingston Horse   1867  ?  
Electric   1894 30 Sep 1930 Merged to Kingston Consolidated Railway Co.
  Larchmont Horse   1 May 1888  ?  
Electric   10 Jun 1900 16 Aug 1927  
  LimaHoneoye Electric   8 Aug 1899 by 30 Oct 1915  
  Lockport Horse   1 Jan 1887 1891  
Electric   20 Aug 1895 16 Apr 1938  
Long Beach Railway Long Beach Petrol (gasoline)   20 Oct 1923 1926  
  Long Island         See also the entries for New York City.
  Manhattan Horse   14 Nov 1832 1917  
Cable   31 Aug 1885 25 May 1901  
Accumulator (storage battery)   1910 1932  
Electric    ? 21 Jun 1947 Last tramway line in New York, which operated on the Queensboro Bridge between Manhattan and Queens, closed 7 Apr 1957.
  Middletown Electric   8 May 1894 9 Apr 1924  
  Middletown- Goshen Electric   25 Nov 1895 21 Oct 1924  
  Mount Vernon Electric    ? 1950  
  New Rochelle Electric    ? 1950  
  New York City         See also Long Island and Westchester County.
  Newburgh Horse   24 Dec 1886 May 1894  
Electric   9 Jun 1894 31 Mar 1923  
  NewburghOrange LakeWalden Electric   July 1894 1923 See note.
  Niagara Falls Horse   2 Jul 1883  ?  
Electric   July 1892 22 Aug 1937  
  Ogdensburg Horse   14 Aug 1886 1895  
Electric   1 Sep 1895 1 Apr 1932  
  Oneida Horse   4 Jul 1885 30 Jul 1902  
Electric   14 Dec 1902 Dec 1930  
  Oneonta Electric    ?  ?  
  Ossining Electric   1893

1 Oct 1907

20 Oct 1906

7 May 1926

 
  Oswego Horse   22 Aug 1885 1892  
Electric   1892 21 Apr 1927  
Suffolk Traction Company Patchogue Accumulator (storage battery)   1 Jul 1911 10 Oct 1919  
♦♦ PatchogueHoltsville Accumulator (storage battery)   1914 10 Oct 1919 Extension HoltsvillePort Jefferson started, not completed.
♦♦ PatchogueSayville Accumulator (storage battery)   by 1914 10 Oct 1919  
  Peekskill Electric   Jun 1899 30 Jun 1926.  
  ♦♦ PeekskillLake Mohegan Electric   30 Jul 1899 1924  
  ♦♦ PeekskillOregon Electric   25 Mar 1907 29 Aug 1925 Opened in stages, completed 1909.
  ♦♦ PeekskillVerplanck Electric   1902 30 Jun 1926  
  Penn YanBranchport Electric   15 Aug 1897

1 Jan 1927

11 Oct 1926

13 Mar 1927

 
  Plattsburgh Electric   25 Jul 1896 1 Nov 1929  
Larchmont Horse Railway Port Chester Horse   1888 1901  
Port Chester Street Railway Electric   12 Jul 1898 16 Aug 1927. Acquired by New York and Stamford Railway in 1901
  Port Jervis Electric   15 Jan 1898

4 Jul 1910

9 Jun 1910

15 Nov 1924

 
  Poughkeepsie Horse   1871 1894  
Electric   15 Dec 1894 25 Nov 1935  
  PoughkeepsieWappingers Falls Electric   1895 Nov 1928  
  Queens Horse   1869  ?  
Electric   1887 26 Apr 1950  
  RedwoodAlexandria Bay Electric   18 Aug 1902 16 Oct 1916  
  Rensselaer Electric   4 Nov 1897 193_  
  Rochester Horse   13 Jul 1863 1893  
Electric   1889 1 Apr 1941  
Ocean Electric Railway
(originally Rockaway Village Railroad)
♦♦ Rockaway Park Horse   2 Jun 1886

1897

1895

1898

 
Electric   1898 26 Aug 1928 See note.
  Rome Horse   4 Jul 1887

1 Jul 1902

1900

1903

 
Compressed-air   22 Sep 1900 30 Jun 1902  
Electric   9 Jun 1903 7 Dec 1930  
  Saratoga Springs Electric   30 Jun 1892 20 Jan 1926 Brief periods of operation in 1890 and 1891.
Schenectady Railway Co. Schenectady Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1946  
Nassau County Railway Sea Cliff Electric   2 Jul 1902 31 Dec 1924 a.k.a.; Sea Cliff Village Trolley
Glen Cove Railroad ♦♦ Sea CliffGlen Cove Electric   16 Nov 1905 15 Nov 1924  
  Staten Island Horse   Sep 1868 1896  
Electric   1893 26 Jan 1934  
Suffolk Traction Company Sayville Horse   Jul 1909 Sep 1909  
  Syracuse Horse   11 May 1860  ?  
Electric   29 Nov 1888 4 Jan 1941  
  SyracuseEdwards Falls Electric   16 Jun 1898 24 Oct 1931  
  Troy Horse   Sep 1861  ?  
Electric    ? 26 Sep 1933  
  Utica Horse   14 Sep 1863  ?  
Electric   1890 13 May 1941  
  Watertown Electric   20 May 1891 17 Aug 1937  
  WatertownBrownsvilleDexter Electric   30 Jun 1891 9 Mar 1931  
  Waverly Electric   30 Jun 1896 11 Jun 1930  
  WaverlySayre, PAAthens, PA Electric   30 Jun 1896 11 Jun 1930  
  Westchester County         See also the entries for New York City.
  White Plains Electric   1 Oct 1895 16 Nov 1929  
  Yonkers Horse   Mar 1887 1892  
Electric   May 1892 Nov 1952  
  • Note for Cortland – Homer – McGraw – Preble: Horse tramway connected Cortland and Homer. Electric tramway, opened 1 Apr 1895, connected Cortland, Homer and McGraw. Extended to Preble in 1907. McGraw Preble segment closed 1 Apr 1929. Remainder closed 15 Feb 1931.
  • Note for Newburgh – Orange Lake – Walden: Opened in stages, to Orange Lake in July 1894, completed 1 Jun 1895. Newburgh – Orange Lake operated during summer season, 1924 and 1925, petrol (gasoline) traction (?).
  • Note for New York – City Island: Experimental monorail operated Bartow railway station – north end of City Island bridge, 15 Jul – 19 Jul 1910, and 14 Nov 1910 – 16 Mar 1914.
  • Note for New York – Rockaway Park: Tramcars operated over electrified Long Island Rail Road tracks between Far Rockaway and Hammels, 1905 – 9 Sep 1926, using overhead current collection to 1912 and third-rail current collection thereafter.

North Carolina[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Asheville Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   1 Feb 1889 1934  
  Belmont Electric    ?  ?  
  Burlington Electric   1912 1922 Connected Burlington and Haw River.
  Charlotte (first era) Horse    ?  ?  
Accumulator (storage battery)    ?  ?  
Electric   18 May 1891 14 Mar 1938 Heritage streetcar service opened in 1996, though with only limited days and hours, but ended in 2010 – see Charlotte Trolley.
Lynx Charlotte (second era) Electric Light rail 24 Nov 2007    
  Concord Horse    ?  ?  
Steam   ca. 1889  ?  
Accumulator (storage battery)   1911  ?  
Electric   1923 ca. 1929  
  Durham Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   1902 1934  
  Fayetteville Horse    ?  ?  
Steam   ca. 1908 1909  
Petrol (gasoline)    ?  ?  
Electric    ?  ?  
  Gastonia Electric    ? 21 Sep 1948  
  Goldsboro Electric   1910

1915

1912

ca. 1920

 
  Greensboro Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   11 Jun 1902 1934  
  Hendersonville Horse    ?  ?  
Steam    ?  ?  
Petrol (gasoline)    ?  ?  
Electric   1911 ca. 1920  
  High Point Accumulator (storage battery)   1906 (?)  ?  
Electric   1912 1935  
  New Bern Accumulator (storage battery)   1913  ?  
Electric   ca. 1913 1929  
  Pinehurst Electric   1896 1907  
  Raleigh Horse   25 Dec 1886  ?  
Electric   1 Sep 1891 1934  
  Salisbury Electric   1905 1938  
  Wilmington Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   1892 18 Apr 1939  
  ♦ Wilmington – Wrightsville Beach Steam    ?  ?  
Electric   190_ 1939  
  Winston-Salem Electric   14 July 1890 1936  

North Dakota[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Bismarck Electric   16 Feb 1904 28 Feb 1931 Only US town tramway owned by a (federal) state authority.
  Fargo Horse   1879

7 July 1882

1879

18 Sep 1882

 
Electric   16 Feb 1904 21 Aug 1937 Tramway system also served Moorhead, MN.
  Grand Forks Electric   20 Nov 1904 1 Feb 1934 System included an interstate line to East Grand Forks, Minnesota.
Valley City Street & Interurban Railway Valley City Electric   18 Dec 1905 194_  
  Wahpeton         See Breckenridge, MN.

Ohio[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Akron Horse   18 Aug 1883  ?  
Electric   2 Oct 1888 26 Mar 1947  
  Alliance Electric   1888 15 Jul 1939  
  Ashtabula Horse   1883  ?  
Electric   9 Apr 1892 30 Jan 1939  
  Bellaire Horse   16 Oct 1865  ?  
  Bellefontaine Electric    ?  ?  
  Berea Horse    ?  ?  
  Cambridge Electric   190_ 1929  
  Canton Horse   1884  ?  
Electric   Mar 1890 18 Apr 1931  
  Chillicothe Electric   189_ 1930  
  Cincinnati (first era) Horse   1859 1904  
Cable   8 Jul 1885 19 Jul 1902  
Steam   1866 1897 Mt. Lookout dummy.
Electric   1889 29 Apr 1951[39] See Streetcars in Cincinnati, and in this list see also Covington, Kentucky.
Cincinnati Streetcar Cincinnati (second era) Electric   2016   New system under construction; see Cincinnati Streetcar.
  Cleveland Horse   1860 1901  
Cable   17 Dec 1890 28 Jan 1901  
Electric Interurban (Light rail)  ?   See Streetcars in Cleveland.
Last in-street trolley/tram lines closed in 1954, but Shaker light rail lines survived (see Blue and Green Lines).
  Columbus Horse   1863 1892  
Electric   1891 5 Sep 1948  
  Conneaut Electric    ?  ?  
  Coshocton Electric    ? 1927  
  Dayton Horse   1870 1895  
Accumulator (storage battery)   May 1893  ?  
Steam   1872 1886  
Electric   1888 1947. See Note.
  Defiance Electric   12 Dec 1891 1913  
  Delaware Electric   189_ 19 Aug 1926  
  East Liverpool Electric   1892 Apr 1939  
  Elyria Electric   189_ 1931  
  Findlay Horse   1887 1894  
Electric   1891 31 Jan 1932  
  Fremont Electric   190_ 1932  
  Gallipolis Electric   189_ 1932  
  Hamilton Electric   1890 1933  
Ohio Valley Electric Railway Ironton Electric    ? 1930  
  Lancaster Electric   189_ 30 Oct 1937  
  Lima Electric   19 Jul 1886

189_

 ?

13 May 1939

 
  Lorain Electric   189_ 7 May 1938  
  Mansfield Electric   7 Aug 1887 6 Jun 1937  
  Marietta Horse   1888  ?  
Electric   1896 1934  
  Marion Electric   189_ 1933  
  Massillon Electric   1892 2 Jun 1929  
  Middletown Horse   1879 4 May 1918 Replaced by motorbus.
  Mount Vernon Electric   189_ 1917  
  New PhiladelphiaDover Electric   4 Jul 1889 26 Jan 1926  
  Newark Electric   189_ 10 Aug 1926  
  Niles Electric   1894 1927  
  Norwalk Electric    ? 14 May 1938  
  Painesville Electric   1893 1926  
  Piqua Electric   189_  ?  
  Pomeroy Electric   Nov 1900 1929  
  Portsmouth Electric   189_ 1939  
  Put-in-Bay Electric   1891

1913

1910

1914

Brief period of operation in 1915, to 30 Jun 1915.
  Salem Electric   23 May 1890 9 Dec 1911  
  Sandusky Horse   3 Aug 1883  ?  
Electric   27 Nov 1890 25 May 1938  
  Springfield Electric   1891 9 Dec 1932 Town tramway service on interurban line, Dec 1929 – 3 Jun 1938.
  Steubenville Electric   1888 Dec 1938  
  Tiffin Electric   189_ 1919  
  Toledo Horse   1860 1890  
Electric   1890 31 Dec 1949  
  Toronto Electric    ?  ?  
  UhrichsvilleDennison Electric   1901 Jan 1922  
  Warren Electric   1894 1931  
  Youngstown Horse   1873  ?  
Electric    ? 8 Dec 1940 See also Sharon, Pennsylvania.
  Zanesville Horse   13 Nov 1875  ?  
Electric   27 Dec 1890 31 Dec 1930  
  • Note for Dayton: Town streetcar services were provided by a single undertaking in most U.S. towns. Such undertakings were often organized by consolidation ("unification") of predecessor undertakings. In most cases, such consolidations were completed before the First World War. Dayton was a notable exception. In this town, five undertakings operated town streetcar services from 1909 to 1933. Conversions to trolleybus began in 1933; remarkably, all five undertakings operated trolleybuses for several months in 1940, before the beginning of consolidations. See Trolleybuses in Dayton for further information.

Oklahoma[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Ardmore Electric   Jan 1906 1922  
  Bartlesville Electric   14 Jul 1908 15 Jul 1920  
  Chickasha Electric   12 Jul 1910 14 Aug 1927  
  Clinton Petrol (gasoline)   Jun 1909 1911  
Electric   1912 27 Aug 1914  
  El Reno Petrol (gasoline)    ?  ?  
Electric   1908 192_  
Enid City Railway Enid Electric   1907 1929  
  Lawton Electric   11 Jul 1914 11 Nov 1927  
  McAlester Electric   15 Sep 1903 1932  
  ♦ McAlester – Hartshorne Electric   15 Sep 1903 27 Apr 1947  
Muskogee Electric Traction Company[40] Muskogee Electric   15 May 1905 9 Mar 1933  
  Oklahoma City Electric   7 Feb 1903 13 Apr 1947  
  Guthrie Electric   26 May 1905 193_  
  ♦ Oklahoma City – El Reno Electric   3 Dec 1911 9 Nov 1946  
  ♦ Oklahoma City – Guthrie Electric   20 Jul 1916 9 Nov 1946  
  ♦ Oklahoma City – Norman Electric   1913 (?) Oct 1947  
  Okmulgee Electric   20 Nov 1911 1919  
  Sapulpa Electric   1910 193_  
  Shawnee Electric   1903 9 Jan 1927  
  Tulsa Mule   27 May 1907 Jul 1907  
Electric   Jul 1907 5 Feb 1936  
  ♦ Tulsa – Sand Springs Electric   1911 2 Jan 1955  
  ♦ Tulsa – Sapulpa Electric   Mar 1908 1933  

Oregon[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Albany Steam   1889 (?)  ? May have started as late as 1892.[41]
Horse   30 Aug 1889[42] 1909  
Electric   1909 1918[42]  
  Astoria Horse   9 May 1888[43] 1892  
Electric   1892[43] Jun 1924[43] Seasonal heritage streetcar line, the Astoria Riverfront Trolley, started 1999.
  Baker Horse   4 Jun 1890[44]  ?  
  Corvallis Horse   19 Jun 1890[45] c. 1898–99[45]  
Eugene Street Railway[46] Eugene Horse   26 Jun 1891 1903 Mule-drawn.[41]
Electric   26 Sep 1907 15 Oct 1927 Renamed "Portland, Eugene and Eastern" 1907-1915[46]
  Forest Grove Electric   c. 1906[47] 1911[47]  
  Klamath Falls Horse   4 Jul 1907[48] May 1911[48]  
  Medford Electric   1914[49] 1920[49] First streetcar was delivered on 16 March 1914.
  Portland (first era) Horse   ca. Dec 1872 1896[50] First test run on 7 Dec 1872.[51]
Cable   22 Feb 1890 Aug 1904[50]  
Electric   1 Nov 1889[52] 26 Feb 1950[53][54]  
  ♦ Portland – Oregon City, Portland – Bellrose Electric Interurban 16 Feb 1893 25 Jan 1958 Opening date is for Oregon City line; closure date is same for both.
  ♦ Portland – Vancouver, Washington Electric   1917 1940  
MAX Light Rail Portland (second era) Electric Light rail 5 Sep 1986   Reintroduction, as MAX Light Rail.
Portland Streetcar 20 Jul 2001   Modern-streetcar system.
  Salem Horse   15 Jan 1889[41]  ?  
Electric   27 May 1890[55] 4 Aug 1927[41][55]  
  Union Steam   1895[56]  ?  

Pennsylvania[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Gettysburg Electric Railway Adams County Electric   Jul 1893 Jun 1917[citation needed]  
  Aliquippa Electric   191_ 1937 See also Beaver Falls.
  Allentown Horse   21 May 1868 17 Apr 1891 Lehigh Valley Transit Co.
Electric   1 Jul 1891 18 Jun 1953  
  Altoona Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1954  
  Bangor Electric   190_ 1933  
  Bethlehem Electric    ? 18 Jun 1953  
  Beaver FallsNew Brighton Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1937 See also Aliquippa.
  Berwick Electric   191_ 1924  
  Bloomsburg Electric   190_ 1926  
  Bradford Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1927  
  Butler Electric   190_ 1941  
Scranton Railway Company Carbondale Electric    ?  ?  
  Carlisle Electric   190_ 1938  
  Chambersburg Electric   190_ 1928  
  Charleroi Electric    ? 1953  
  Chester Horse   1 Feb 1883 1 Apr 1893  
Electric   10 Dec 1892 1934  
  Clairton Electric    ?  ?  
West Penn Railways, Coke Division: Connellsville Electric   1891 1952  
  Corry Electric   1906 27 Aug 1923  
  Danville Electric   190_ 1924  
  Donora Electric   15 Dec 1901 5 May 1953  
  DuBois Electric   189_ 1926 See also Punxsutawney.
  Easton Horse   20 Jun 1889 10 Dec 1892  
Electric   1892 5 Nov 1939 See also Phillipsburg, New Jersey.
  Erie Horse   1867  ?  
Electric   25 Jun 1889 11 May 1935  
Springs Horse Railroad Gettysburg Horse    
  Greensburg Electric   1889 3 Jan 1937 Interurban (West Penn Railways, Coke Division) service continued to 1952.
  Hanover Electric   1893 1931 See also York.
  Harrisburg Horse   4 Jul 1865 1892  
Electric   20 Jul 1889 16 Jul 1939  
  Hazleton Electric   189_ 1932  
  Hershey Electric   15 Oct 1904 21 Dec 1946  
  Huntingdon Electric    ? 20 Jul 1926  
  Indiana Electric   190_ 1934  
  Jersey Shore Electric   1903  ?  
  Jim Thorpe Electric    ? 1931  
Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway Jim Thorpe (formerly Mauch Chunk) Gravity        
Johnstown Traction Company Johnstown Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 11 Jun 1960[57]  
  KittanningFord City Electric   Aug 1899 8 Nov 1936  
Conestoga Traction Company Lancaster Horse   Nov 1874  ?  
Electric   1890 20 Sep 1947  
  Latrobe Electric   1900 1952  
  Lebanon Electric   1891 21 Jul 1930  
  LeechburgApollo Electric   23 Mar 1906 17 Mar 1936  
  Lewisburg Electric    ?  ?  
  Lewistown Electric   190_  ?  
  Lock Haven Electric    ?  ?  
  McKeesport Electric   1890 3 Jun 1938  
  Meadville Electric   189_ 1928  
  Milton Electric   189_ 1928  
  Mount Carmel Electric   189_ 1936  
  New Castle Electric   1889 1940  
  New Kensington Electric   1906 22 May 1937 See also Pittsburgh.
  Norristown Horse   8 Apr 1885 1893 Philadelphia and Western, Lehigh Valley Transit interurban.
Electric   21 Jul 1893 9 Sep 1933  
  OakdaleMcDonald Electric   1907 15 Oct 1927 See also Pittsburgh.
  Oil CityFranklin Electric   189_ 16 Jun 1928  
  Philadelphia Horse   20 Jan 1858 14 Jan 1897  
Cable   7 Apr 1883 20 Jun 1895  
Electric   15 Dec 1892 1992 Last non Subway–Surface Trolley lines, Routes 23 and 56, closed in 1992.
See also: Camden, New Jersey.
SEPTA Subway–Surface Trolley Lines Electric   1906   See SEPTA.
SEPTA Routes 101 and 102 Electric Light rail 15 Mar 1906   See SEPTA.
SEPTA Route 15 Electric   1859

2005

1992

 

Originally opened as a horsecar line in 1859; electrified in 1895; line extensions in 1902–1903. Closed and replaced by buses in 1992. Reopened as a heritage streetcar line in 2005. A portion of the line closed for road construction in 2012, and is set to reopen in 2016.
  ♦♦ Philadelphia (Upper Darby) – West Chester Horse   24 December 1858 1892  
Electric   1892 1954 (Now mostly part of SEPTA.)
  Pittsburgh Horse   1859 1924  
Cable   Sep 1888 14 Jun 1891  
Electric converted to Light rail 1888

(1984)

  See: Pittsburgh Railways. Also served many neighboring towns.
Converted to and opened as Pittsburgh Light Rail starting on 15 Apr 1984; first downtown subway opened 3 Jul 1985; further modernizations in 1987; modernized Overbrook Line opened in 2004; subway extension to North Shore opened in 2012.
Light-rail transit (LRT) system incorporates many segments built previously.[58]
Pittsburgh Railways
Interurban Division
♦♦ Pittsburgh – Charleroi Electric    ? 1953  
  ♦♦ Pittsburgh – McKeesport Electric    ? 1963  
Pittsburgh Railways
Interurban Division
♦♦ Pittsburgh – Washington Electric    ? 29 Aug 1953  
  Port Vue Electric    ? 1919  
  Pottstown Electric   189_ 1937  
  Pottsville Horse   1872  ?  
Electric   1890 1932  
  Punxsutawney Electric   189_ 1926 See also Du Bois.
  Reading Horse   1874  ?  
Electric   26 Nov 1888 17 Jan 1952  
Allenport & Roscoe Street Railway Roscoe Electric   1903 1906 Bought by Pittsburgh Railways
  Sayre Electric   190_ 1930  
  Scottdale Electric   1891 1952  
  Scranton Horse   4 Jul 1867  ?  
Scranton Transit Company Electric   30 Nov 1886[59] 18 Dec 1954 Scranton Transit Company was known as Scranton Railway Company until 1934
Lackawanna and Wyoming Valley Railroad Scranton - Wilkes-Barre Electric        
  Shamokin Electric   189_ 1929  
  Sharon Electric   1890 1939 See also: Youngstown, Ohio.
  Shenandoah Electric    ?  ?  
  Stroudsburg Horse   187_  ?  
Electric    ? 1928  
  Sunbury Horse   1885 1890  
Electric   1885

30 May 1890

1885

11 Mar 1939

 
  Titusville Electric   189_ 1924  
  Uniontown Electric   1890 1952  
Washington and Canonsburg Railway Co. Washington Electric   1903 1909 Bought by Pittsburgh Railways.
  Warren Electric   190_ 1929  
  Waynesboro Electric    ?  ?  
  West Chester Electric   189_ 1927  
  Wilkes-Barre Horse   25 Jul 1866  ?  
Electric   Mar 1888 14 Oct 1950 See also Scranton.
  Williamsport Electric   189_ 1933  
  York Horse    ? Sep 1886  
Electric   1892 Feb 1939 See also Hanover.

Rhode Island[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Block Island Horse    ? c.1898  
  Newport Electric   7 Aug 1889 1925  
  Pawtucket Horse   26 May 1864  ?  
Electric   20 Jan 1892 11 May 1934 Service continued between Providence and Pawtucket to 26 Jun 1940.
  Providence Horse   26 May 1864 26 Apr 1894  
Cable   25 Dec 1889 26 Jan 1895  
Electric   20 Jan 1892 14 May 1948  
  Westerly Electric   189_  ?  
  Woonsocket Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   25 Sep

1888

Dec 1887

1928

 

South Carolina[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Anderson Electric   19 Feb 1905 14 Nov 1934  
  Charleston Horse   15 Oct 1866 1897  
Electric   26 Jun 1897 10 Feb 1938  
  Columbia Horse   12 Oct 1886 1893  
Electric   3 May 1893 11 Mar 1927 Limited service, resumed because of court order, 9 Jan 1931 – 22 Nov 1936.
  Gaffney Steam   1892 1896  
  Greenville Horse   1875 1897  
Electric   1900 Oct 1937  
  Orangeburg Horse    ?  ?  
  Rock Hill Accumulator (storage battery)   24 Feb 1912 1918  
  Spartanburg Horse    ?  ?  
Electric   1900 27 Apr 1935 Service suspended 30 Dec 1922. Limited service restored (only one car in operation), 13 Jan 1923 – 21 Jul 1923. Full service resumed 1925.

South Dakota[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Aberdeen Electric   Nov 1910 1922  
  Deadwood Horse    ?  ?  
  Hot Springs Electric    ?  ?  
  Pierre Horse    ?  ?  
  Rapid City Horse    ?  ?  
  Sioux Falls Electric    ? 1930  
  Watertown Horse    ?  ?  

Tennessee[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Athens Horse    ?  ?  
  Bristol Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ?  ?  
  Chattanooga Horse   ca. 1875 1891  
Electric   23 Jun 1889 10 Apr 1947  
  Clarksville Horse   1888 1896  
Electric   1896 16 Jul 1928  
  Cleveland Horse    ?  ?  
  Columbia Horse    ?  ?  
  Jackson Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1939  
  Johnson City Electric   189_ 1931  
  Knoxville Horse   187_  ?  
Electric    ? 1 Aug 1947  
  Memphis (first era) Horse   May 1866  ?  
Electric    ? 1947  
MATA Trolley Memphis (second era) Electric   29 Apr 1993[60]   Main Street Trolley heritage streetcar system opened in 1993; expansions in 1997 and 2004. Service suspended for critical maintenance as of May 2014.
  Nashville Horse   186_  ?  
Electric    ? 1941  

Texas[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Abilene Electric    ? 1931  
  Amarillo Electric    ? 1940  
  Aransas Pass Mule    ?  ?  
  Austin Mule    ?  ?  
Electric   189_ 1940  
  Beaumont Electric   190_ 1937  
  Bonham Electric    ?  ?  
  Brownsville Petrol (gasoline)    ?  ? Connected Brownsville and San Benito
Electric   1915 1926  
  Cleburne Electric    ? 1917  
  Corpus Christi Mule    ?  ?  
Steam    ?  ?  
Electric   189_ 1934  
  Corsicana Electric   1902 30 Sep 1931  
  Dallas (first era) Mule   187_  ?  
Cable    ?  ? Construction started, not completed.
Electric   1890 15 Jan 1956  
McKinney Avenue Transit Authority Dallas (second era) Electric   22 Jul 1989   Reintroduction, as a heritage streetcar line providing regular transit service.[61]
DART Light Rail Electric Light rail 14 Jun 1996   The DART Light Rail system is the largest light rail system in the U.S. by route miles.
  Denison Mule   188_  ?  
Steam    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1931  
  Denton Electric    ? 1918  
  Dublin Mule    ?  ?  
  El Paso Horse   Oct 1882 1902  
Electric   11 Jan 1902 1947 International tramway (see below) continued in operation until 1973.
International tramway El Paso – Ciudad Juárez, Chih., México Mule   Oct 1882 1902  
Electric   11 Jan 1902 30 Jul 1973 Operation suspended Aug 1966 – Nov 1967, and Jul 1969 – Nov 1970 because of bridge reconstruction. Operation restored following closure, in El Paso only, 14 Nov 1973 – 4 May 1974.
  Fort Worth Mule   187_  ?  
Electric    ? 1939  
  Gainesville Mule    ?  ?  
  Galveston (first era) Mule   1867  ?  
Electric   1891 May 1938  
Galveston Island Trolley Galveston (second era) Diesel-electric   23 Jul 1988   Heritage streetcar. Note: Service has been suspended since 2008, due to damage from Hurricane Ike,[62] with no scheduled restoration of service as of June 2014.
Galveston–Houston Electric Railway ♦ Galveston - Houston Electric   1911 1936  
  Greenville Mule    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 14 Dec 1918  
  Haskell Petrol (gasoline)    ?  ? Connected Haskell and Hemphill Lake.
  Hillsboro Mule    ? 1898  
Electric    ?  ?  
  Houston (first era) Mule   25 Jan 1868  ?  
Electric   14 Jun 1891 8 Jun 1940  
METRORail Houston (second era) Electric Light rail 1 Jan 2004    
  Lampasas Mule    ?  ?  
  Laredo Electric   27 Jan 1890 1934 First electric town streetcar line in Texas. Also operated international tramway line to Nuevo Laredo, México.
  Lockhart Mule    ?  ?  
  Longview Mule    ?  ?  
Electric   188_ 1925  
  Marshall Electric   188_ 1925  
  Matador Petrol (gasoline)   1914 1936 Connected Matador and Motley Junction
  McKinney Electric    ? 1926  
  Mineral Wells Petrol (gasoline)    ?  ?  
Electric   1908 1920 System included line connecting Mineral Wells and Elmhurst Park.
  Moscow Mule   1846(?)  ? The opening year of 1846, which appears in a list of Texas town streetcar systems published by the Texas Division, Electric Railroaders Association, is believed unlikely.
  Mount Pleasant Mule    ?  ?  
  Palestine Mule   1875 1877  
  Paris Mule   187_  ?  
Electric    ? 1926  
  Port Arthur Petrol (gasoline)    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1938  
  Rockport Mule    ?  ?  
  Rusk Mule    ?  ? Connected Rusk and New Birmingham. New Birmingham was located 2 mi (3 km) south of Rusk.[63]
  San Angelo Electric   1908  ?  
  San Antonio Mule    ?  ?  
Petrol (gasoline)    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 1933 First large U.S. town to replace all electric town streetcar services with motorbuses.
  Seguin Mule    ?  ?  
  Sherman Mule   1877 1901  
Electric    ? 1931  
  Taylor Mule   1891 1899  
Electric    ?  ?  
  Temple Electric   190_ 1923  
  Texas City Petrol (gasoline)    ?  ?  
  Tyler Electric   189_  ?  
  Uvalde Steam    ?  ?  
Petrol (gasoline)    ?  ?  
  Vernon Mule    ?  ?  
  Victoria Mule   1888 1894  
  Waco Mule   1878  ?  
Steam    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 3 Feb 1937  
  Waxahachie Mule   1892 1912  
Electric   1912 Feb 1928  
  Weatherford Mule    ?  ?  
  Wichita Falls Electric    ? 1934 System included line connecting Wichita Falls and Lake Wichita.
  Yubadam Mule    ?  ? Located near Tyler.

Utah[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Brigham City Electric   1907 1919  
  Logan Electric   1910 1926  
  Ogden Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 26 Dec 1935  
  Provo Electric   Oct 1913 1919  
  Salt Lake City (first era) Horse   187_  ?  
Electric    ?

1941

1941

1945

 
TRAX. Salt Lake City (second era) Electric Light rail 4 Dec 1999   Reintroduction, as UTA's TRAX.
S Line (UTA) Electric   7 Dec 2013[64]   Modern streetcar system, the S Line (UTA) (originally known as the Sugar House Streetcar project).

Vermont[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Barre Electric    ?  ?  
  Bellows Falls Electric    ?  ?  
  Brattleboro Electric   31 Jul 1895 29 Aug 1923  
  Burlington Horse   187_ Green Mountain Railway  
Electric    ? 3 Aug 1929  
  Montpelier Electric    ? 1927 Connected Montpelier and Barre.
  Rutland Horse   187_  ?  
Electric    ? 1924  
  Springfield Electric   18__ 195_ Connected Springfield and Charlestown, New Hampshire.
  St. Albans Electric   190_ 1921  

Virginia[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Charlottesville Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1935  
  Danville Horse   1886 1888  
Electric    ? 1938  
  Fredericksburg Horse    ?  ?  
  Lynchburg Electric    ? 2 Mar 1941  
  Norfolk (first era) Horse   186_  ?  
Electric    ? 11 Jul 1947  
  Newport News Electric   189_ Jan 1946  
  Portsmouth Electric    ? 1936  
Tide Light Rail Norfolk (second era) Electric Light rail 19 Aug 2011    
  Petersburg Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 1936  
  Radford Electric    ?  ?  
  Richmond Horse   186_  ?  
Electric   2 Feb 1888[65] 25 Nov 1949[65] First successful, reliable, large electrified streetcar system in the world, due to its use of the trolley pole invented by Frank J. Sprague.
  Roanoke Horse   188_  ?  
Electric    ? 31 Aug 1948  
  Staunton Electric    ?  ?  
  Tazewell Electric    ?  ?  

Washington[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Aberdeen Electric   1905 31 Jul 1932 Connected Aberdeen, Hoquiam and Cosmopolis.
  Bellingham Horse   28 Mar 1891  ?  
Electric   1891 1 Dec 1938  
  Chehalis Electric   1910 1929 Connected Chehalis and Centralia.
  Everett Electric   3 Jul 1893 1923  
  Olympia Horse   188_ 189_  
Electric   189_ 1932  
  Port Townsend Steam   18__ 189__  
Electric   1895 189_  
  Seattle (first era) Horse   23 Sep 1884  ?  
Cable   29 Sep 1888 9 Aug 1940  
Electric    ? 12 Apr 1941  
  Seattle (second era) Electric   29 May 1982 19 Nov 2005 Heritage streetcar line called the Waterfront Streetcar: operation of the Waterfront Streetcar began 29 May 1982, but was suspended 19 Nov 2005; restoration of service was originally planned, but the outlook for restoration is now uncertain.[66]
Seattle Streetcar: South Lake Union (SLU) Line Electric   12 Dec 2007[67]   Reintroduction; see South Lake Union Streetcar.
Central Link Electric Light rail 18 Jul 2009   See Link Light Rail.
  South Bend Electric   1911 Jun 1930 Connected South Bend and Raymond.
  Spokane Horse   188_  ?  
Cable   21 Sep 1889 22 Jul 1894  
Electric    ? 193_  
  Tacoma (first era) Horse   1888  ?  
Cable   4 Aug 1891 8 Apr 1938  
Electric    ? 1938 See Streetcars in Tacoma, Washington.
Tacoma Link Tacoma (second era) Electric Light rail 22 Aug 2003   Reintroduced, as Tacoma Link.
  Vancouver Electric    ? 1927 See also Portland, Oregon.
  Walla Walla Horse   1890 1899  
Electric   24 Dec 1906[68] 31 Dec 1926[68]  
  ♦ Walla Walla – Milton-Freewater, Oregon Electric   16 Apr 1907[68] 2 Sep 1931[68] A 14-mile (23 km) electric interurban line.[68]
Yakima Valley Transportation Company Yakima Electric   25 Dec 1907 1 Feb 1947 Heritage streetcar service (Yakima Valley Trolleys) began operation 12 October 1974.

West Virginia[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Bluefield Electric   190_ 1936  
  Charleston Electric    ? 1939  
  Clarksburg Electric   1899 1939  
  Fairmont Electric   1900 1940  
Ohio Valley Electric Railway Huntington Electric   188_ 1938  
  Martinsburg Electric   189_ 189_  
  Morgantown Electric   1903 1934 Morgantown's modern transit system is the Morgantown Personal Rapid Transit people mover.
  Newell Electric    ?  ?  
  Parkersburg Horse   1889  ?  
Electric   1898 25 May 1947  
  Princeton Electric    ? 1940  
  Wheeling Horse   21 Jul 1886  ?  
Electric   15 Mar 1888 14 Apr 1948  

Wisconsin[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
Wisconsin Traction Light Heat & Power Appleton Electric   1886 6 Apr 1930  
Ashland Light Power & Street Railway Co. Ashland Horse   29 Jun 1887 1893  
Electric   22 Jan 1893 25 Sep 1933  
Beloit Traction Beloit Electric   31 Jul 1907 12 Aug 1930  
Chippewa Valley Electric Company Chippewa Falls Electric    ?  ?  
Chippewa Valley Electric Company Eau Claire Horse   1880 1889  
Electric   15 Nov 1889 8 Apr 1932  
Eastern Wisconsin Electric Company Fond du Lac Horse   1888 1888  
Electric   20 Oct 1893

27 Jun 1899

1894

1931

 
Green Bay Traction Green Bay Electric   8 Jun 1894 17 Nov 1937  
Janesville Traction Janesville Horse   24 Jul 1886 27 Nov 1891  
Electric   24 Jun 1892 8 Jul 1929  
  Kaukauna Electric   January 29, 1902 from Appleton. 1904 from Green Bay. May 9, 1928 Served by Wisconsin Traction Light Heat & Power from Appleton and Green Bay Traction. The two systems met in Kaukauna to exchange passengers but did not normally run through despite a physical connection.
  Kenosha Electric   1 Feb 1903 Jun 1931 Heritage streetcar (Kenosha Electric Streetcar) opened 17 Jun 2000.[69]
  La Crosse Horse   1878  ?  
Electric   1893 1945  
Madison Railways Company Madison Horse   15 Nov 1884 30 Sep 1892  
Electric   1889 3 Feb 1935  
Manitowoc & Two Rivers Railway Manitowoc Electric   1902 9 May 1927 Also served Two Rivers
  Marinette Horse   1889  ?  
Electric   1891 1928 System also served Menominee, Michigan.
  Menasha Electric    ?  ? Served by Wisconsin Traction Light Heat & Power from Appleton.
Merrill Railway & Lighting Co. Merrill Electric   1889 1921  
The Milwaukee Electric Railway and Light Company Milwaukee Horse   30 Aug 1860  ?  
Electric   3 Apr 1890 2 Mar 1958 System also included interurban lines
Eastern Wisconsin Electric Company Neenah Horse   1880  ?  
Electric    ?  ?  
Eastern Wisconsin Electric Company Oshkosh Horse   18 Oct 1882 1897  
Electric   14 Jul 1897 21 May 1930 Omro was served by a line from Oshkosh
Chicago & Wisconsin Valley Portage Electric   Jun 1913 1922  
  Racine Horse   Oct 1883  ?  
Electric   Nov 1892 1 Oct 1940  
Wisconsin Power & Light Sheboygan Horse   1886 1895  
Electric   27 Nov 1895 1935  
Duluth Street Railway Superior Horse   22 Aug 1887 1890  
Electric   1 Jul 1890 23 Jun 1935 System also served Duluth, Minnesota.
  Watertown Electric   Jun 1926 Jul 1927  
Waupaca Electric Light and Railway Company Waupaca Electric   9 Jul 1899 4 Jul 1925  
Wisconsin Valley Electric Wausau Electric   1906 1 Oct 1940  
Wisconsin Rapids Street Railroad Wisconsin Rapids Electric   1 Nov 1910 15 Aug 1931  

Wyoming[edit]

Name of System Location Traction
Type
Interurban or light rail, if applicable Date (From) Date (To) Notes
  Cheyenne Horse    ?  ?  
Electric    ? 15 Aug 1924  
  Sheridan Electric    ? 1927  

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Middleton, William D. (1967). The Time of the Trolley, pp. 78–79. Milwaukee: Kalmbach Publishing. ISBN 0-89024-013-2.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g McGraw Publishing Company, McGraw Electric Railway Manual, 1914
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad McGraw-Hill Company, McGraw Electric Railway Directory, August 1920
  4. ^ http://www.gadsdentimes.com/article/20011211/NEWS/112110307
  5. ^ http://www.gadsdentimes.com/article/20030304/NEWS/303040302
  6. ^ "The Era of Trolleys in Fort Smith, Arkansas". Fort Smith Trolley Museum. Fort Smith Streetcar Restoration Association Inc. 1995. Retrieved May 3, 2013. 
  7. ^ Hilton, George W.; Due, John F. (1960, 2000). The Electric Interurban Railways in America. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-4014-3. 
  8. ^ a b c "Los Angeles County". Chicago Railfan. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  9. ^ "Designing for Transit". Monterey County. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  10. ^ LRT
  11. ^ a b c "SAN DIEGO'S EARLY STREETCARS". San Diego History Center. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  12. ^ San Diego MTS
  13. ^ a b SFMTA
  14. ^ Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority
  15. ^ Port of Los Angeles Waterfront Red Car Line
  16. ^ "History - The FCMR Society". Fort Collins Municipal Railway Society. 24 April 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  17. ^ Abbott, Alana (3 September 2012). "Following the Trolley Tracks". Groton Patch. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  18. ^ Yale University Class of 1914, George Washington Patterson, Yale University
  19. ^ McGraw Transit Directory (1918)
  20. ^ Tebeau, Charlton W. (1957). Florida's Last Frontier: The History of Collier County. Copeland Studies in Florida History. Miami, Florida: University of Miami Press. pp. 129–130. LCC 57-12971. 
  21. ^ TECO Line Streetcar
  22. ^ "Streetcars in Albany". RailGA.com. 2013-02-11. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  23. ^ Donna Rapado (June 30, 2014). "Operators test Atlanta streetcar in July for fall opening". CBS46 News. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  24. ^ "Atlanta streetcar breaks ground". Railway Gazette International. February 21, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2013. 
  25. ^ a b c d "Streetcars in Savannah". RailGa.com. 2013-06-06. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  26. ^ Moran, Dan (27 July 2011). "Last Waukegan streetcar will be riding the rails again". Lake County News-Sun (Sun-Times Media). Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  27. ^ "Surburban Transit History". Chicago Railfan. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  28. ^ "SUBSIDIARIES AND SYNONYMS". North Shore Line. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  29. ^ a b c d e Bill Vandervoort. "Transit Systems in Kansas". Retrieved 2014-07-11. 
  30. ^ a b John T. Davis (August 2011). "Topeka's Complete Trolley Railway History". The Steel Rails Advocate. Retrieved 2014-07-11. 
  31. ^ Hennick, Louis C.; Charlton, E. Harper (1962). Louisiana: Its Street and Interurban Railways 1. Shreveport, LA (US): Louis C. Hennick. pp. 31–32. 
  32. ^ Town History of Fryeburg, Maine.
  33. ^ "Norway's Trolley". Norway Historical Society. Norway Historical Society. Retrieved 23 April 2013. 
  34. ^ "U.S. Streetcar Systems- Massachusetts - Lowell". RPR Inc. Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  35. ^ "Lowell, Massachusetts". APTA Streetcar and Heritage Trolley Site (Hosted by the Seashore Trolley Museum). Retrieved 2014-07-07. 
  36. ^ a b c Prosser, Richard S. (2007). Rails to the NorthStar. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. 
  37. ^ Wyatt
  38. ^ a b Alicia Barber. "Reno Traction Company (site)". Reno Historical (Special Collections, University of Nevada, Reno Libraries). Retrieved 2014-07-10. 
  39. ^ O'Neill, Tom (August 18, 2001). "Exhibit commemorates the streetcar era". Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved 2009-04-07. 
  40. ^ "TRANSIT SYSTEMS IN OKLAHOMA". Chicago Railfan. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  41. ^ a b c d Thompson, Richard (2008). Willamette Valley Railways. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-5601-7.
  42. ^ a b Thompson, Richard. "Albany streetcar system". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Portland State University. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  43. ^ a b c Thompson, Richard. "Astoria streetcar system". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Portland State University. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  44. ^ Thompson, Richard. "Baker City streetcar system". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Portland State University. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  45. ^ a b Thompson, Richard. "Corvallis streetcar system". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Portland State University. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  46. ^ a b Thompson, Richard. "Eugene streetcar system". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Portland State University. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  47. ^ a b Thompson, Richard. "Forest Grove streetcar system". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Portland State University. Retrieved 2015-05-17. 
  48. ^ a b Thompson, Richard. "Klamath Falls streetcar system". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Portland State University. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  49. ^ a b Thompson, Richard. "Medford-Jacksonville streetcar system". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Portland State University. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  50. ^ a b Thompson, Richard H. (2010). Portland's Streetcar Lines. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 11, 15. ISBN 978-0-7385-8126-2. 
  51. ^ Labbe, John T. (1980). Fares, Please! Those Portland Trolley Years. Caldwell, Idaho: Caxton. ISBN 0-87004-287-4.
  52. ^ The Morning Oregonian, November 4, 1889, p. 4.
  53. ^ Thompson, Richard (2006). Portland's Streetcars, p. 113. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-3115-4.
  54. ^ Smith, Virgil S. (27 Feb 1950). "Nostalgic Souvenir Hunters Crowd Streetcars on Final Portland Runs". The Oregonian.
  55. ^ a b Thompson, Richard. "Salem streetcar system". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Portland State University. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  56. ^ Thompson, Richard. "Union streetcar system". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Portland State University. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  57. ^ Schneider, Fred W.; Carlson, Stephen P. (1983). PCC From Coast To Coast. Glendale, CA (US): Interurban Press. ISBN 0-916374-57-2. 
  58. ^ "U.S. Urban Rail Transit Lines Opened From 1980: Appendix". publictransit.us. October 25, 2010. Retrieved 2013-11-02.  (See also Port Authority of Allegheny County.)
  59. ^ "museum". The Electric City Trolley Museum Association. Retrieved 4 May 2013. 
  60. ^ Wilkins, Van (Spring 1996). "Heritage Trolleys in Memphis and Galveston". The New Electric Railway Journal (Free Congress Foundation). ISSN 1048-3845. Retrieved 2011-05-27. 
  61. ^ Young, Andrew D. (1997). Veteran & Vintage Transit. St. Louis: Archway Publishing. p. 76. ISBN 0-9647279-2-7. 
  62. ^ Welcome to Island Transit City of Galveston. Retrieved March 26, 2014.
  63. ^ Rusk tramway[dead link]
  64. ^ "Salt Lake City welcomes S-Line". Railway Gazette International (Sutton, London: Railway Gazette Group). 9 December 2013. Retrieved 27 December 2013. 
  65. ^ a b IEEE Richmond Section (February 1992). "Milestones:Richmond Union Passenger Railway, 1888". IEEE Global History Network. IEEE. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  66. ^ Eskenazi, Stuart (April 11, 2008). "Waterfront streetcar: Is it gone for good?". Seattle Times. Retrieved 2009-06-13. 
  67. ^ Seattle Times Staff (December 12, 2007). "Streetcar starts service". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2009-06-13. 
  68. ^ a b c d e Thompson, Richard. "Walla Walla Valley Railway". The Oregon Encyclopedia. Portland State University. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  69. ^ Tramways & Urban Transit, September 2000, pp. 348–349. ISSN 1460-8324.

Bibliography[edit]