List of subcamps of Buchenwald

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The following is a list of subcamps of the Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald, which was used for forced labor.[1]

Name Location Company Function
Aachen Aachen Bomb demolition squads
Abteroda Abteroda BMW Production of chemical explosives
Abteroda/Vitzeroda Abteroda BMW Manufacture of aircraft engine parts
Allendorf Stadtallendorf Dynamit Nobel Chemical products
Altenburg Altenburg Hugo Schneider AG Manufacture of cartridge cases
Arolsen Bad Arolsen Service personnel for the SS officers' school
Aschersleben Aschersleben Junkers Production of aircraft and engines
Augustdorf (Sennelager) Augustdorf Work for Panzer unit training and replacement
Bad Berka Bad Berka Thüringische Eisenbahn-AG Railway work
Bad Gandersheim Bad Gandersheim Bruns-Apparatebau (branch of the Heinkel aircraft company) Aircraft production
Bad Salzungen I Bad Salzungen OT-Bauleitung Road construction
Bad Salzungen II Bad Salzungen OT-Sonder-Bauleitung Potash mining
Bensberg Bergisch Gladbach OT-Bauleitung Construction and repair work
Berga/Elster Berga Brabag Tunneling
Berlstedt Berlstedt SS-WVHA Brick manufacturing, road construction
Bernburg / Plömnitz Bernburg OT-Bauleitung, Allgemeine Solvay-Werke Concrete pouring
Billroda Billroda Potash mining, construction
Blankenhain Blankenhain Sand mining
Bochum I Bochum Bomb demolition squads
Bochum II Bochum Eisen- und Hüttenwerke AG Armor and steel production
Bochum III Bochum Bochumer Verein Bullet manufacture
Böhlen Böhlen Brabag Cleanup after an air raid
Braunschweig Braunschweig SS Junker School Repair work
Colditz Colditz Hugo Schneider AG Munitions factory
Crawinkel Crawinkel SS-WVHA Quarry work and tunneling for railways
Dessau I Dessau Waggonbau Dessau Manufacture of railway cars
Dessau II Dessau Junkers Production of aircraft and engines
Dortmund I Dortmund Bomb demolition squads
Dortmund II Dortmund Dortmund-Hörder Hüttenverein AG Munitions factory
Duisburg Duisburg City of Duisburg Bomb demolition and general work
Düsseldorf-Friedrichstadt I Düsseldorf SS and Police Leader, West Germany Bomb demolition squads
Düsseldorf-Friedrichstadt II Düsseldorf SS-WVHA Clearing debris
Düsseldorf-Grafenberg, Dinnendahlstraße-Schlüterstraße Düsseldorf Rheinmetall-Borsig AG Parts manufacture for V-1 and V-2 missiles
Düsseldorf-Lohausen Düsseldorf SS and Police Leader, Düsseldorf Blasting operations
Eisenach Eisenach BMW Manufacture of aircraft engine parts
Elsnig Elsnig Westfälisch-Anhaltische Sprengstoff AG Production of TNT explosives
Espenfeld Ohrdruf Construction of tunnels in Jonas Valley
Essen I Essen SS-WVHA Clearing debris, bomb demolition
Essen II Essen Krupp Gussstahlfabrik General work in a steel mill
Flößberg bei Leipzig Frohburg Flössberger Metallwerke Manufacture of ammunition and rocket-propelled grenades
Gelsenkirchen-Horst Gelsenkirchen Gelsenberg Benzin AG Munitions factory, clearing debris
Gießen Giessen Medical and Training Division of the SS hospital Construction of bunkers
Goslar Goslar General work for the air base commander
Göttingen Göttingen Work in the SS cavalry school
Hadmersleben Hadmersleben Construction, airplane part manufacture
Halberstadt Halberstadt Junkers, Halberstadt Manufacture of aircraft wings
Halberstadt ""B2"" Halberstadt Road construction, tunnel expansion
Halberstadt-Zwieberge Halberstadt Malachite AG Tunnel, road and railway construction
Halberstadt-Zwieberge Halberstadt OT-Bauleitung Tunnel construction
Halle an der Saale Halle Siebel-Flugzeugwerke GmbH Manufacture of aircraft wings
Hessisch Lichtenau Hessisch Lichtenau Dynamit Nobel, IG Farben Munitions factory
Holzen bei Eschershausen Holzen OT-Bauleitung Expansion of underground tunnels for arms production
Jena Jena RAW Jena Locomotive repair
Kassel Kassel Railway repair
Kassel-Druseltal Kassel Construction of a command post for the SS and Police Leader
Köln I Cologne City of Cologne Blasting operations, work in gas, electricity and water utilities, work at the airport
Köln II Cologne Various Construction, debris removal and cleanup, repair of gas and water lines
Köln-Deutz Cologne Vereinigte Westdeutsche Waggonfabriken AG Manufacture of motor vehicles, cleanup and defusing bombs
Köln-Niehl Cologne Ford-Werke AG Manufacture of motor vehicles, bricklaying, carpentry
Kranichfeld Kranichfeld SS-WVHA Restoration of a castle in Kranichfeld
Langensalza Bad Langensalza Langenwerke AG, Junker Manufacture and assembly of aircraft parts
Leipzig-Engelsdorf Leipzig Armaments production
Leipzig-Schönau Leipzig Allgemeine Transportanlagen GmbH Manufacture of aircraft parts
Leipzig-Schönefeld Leipzig Hugo Schneider AG Production of anti-tank weapons and aircraft parts
Leipzig-Thekla Leipzig Erla Maschinenwerk Manufacture of aircraft parts
Leopoldshall Staßfurt Junkers Construction of aircraft control panels
Lichtenburg Prettin Holding center for prisoners before Buchenwald camp was completed
Lippstadt I Lippstadt Westfälische Metall-Industrie AG Manufacture of munitions and aircraft parts
Lippstadt II Lippstadt Lippstädter Eisen- und Metallwerke GmbH Manufacture of munitions and aircraft parts
Lützkendorf near Mücheln Wintershall AG Reconstruction of oil refinery after air raid
Magdeburg Magdeburg Polte-Werke Munitions factory, clearing debris
Markkleeberg Markkleeberg Junkers Manufacture of aircraft parts
Meuselwitz Meuselwitz Hugo Schneider AG Production of bazookas and grenades
Mühlhausen I Mühlhausen Gerätebau GmbH Manufacture of aircraft parts and detonators
Mühlhausen II Mühlhausen Mühlenwerke AG, Junkers Manufacture of aircraft engine parts
Niederorschel Niederorschel Langenwerke AG Work in a plywood mill
Nordhausen Nordhausen Bomb demolition, clearing debris at air base
Oberndorf bei Hermsdorf Oberndorf Luftwaffen munitions plant Loading, transporting and stacking bombs
Ohrdruf Ohrdruf SS-WVHA Railway construction, excavation
Penig Penig Max Gerth Werke Manufacture of aircraft
Raguhn bei Dessau Raguhn Heerbrandt Werke AG Manufacture of aircraft parts
Rothenburg an der Saale Rothenburg Mansfeld AG für Bergbau und Hüttenbetrieb Production of rifle and pistol ammunition
Saalfeld (""Fröhliches Tal"") near Wurzbach OT-Bauleitung Tunnel construction
Schlieben Schlieben Hugo Schneider AG Production of bazookas and grenades
Schönebeck/Elbe I Schönebeck Junkers Manufacture of aircraft
Schönebeck/Elbe II Schönebeck Nationale Radiatoren Manufacture of electrical components for the V-2 missile
Schwerte an der Ruhr Schwerte RAW Schwerte Locomotive repair
Sömmerda Sömmerda Rheinmetall-Borsig AG Munitions factory
Sonneberg-West Sonneberg GE Reinhardt Manufacture of aircraft parts, sprockets for Tiger tanks, and gears for V-weapons
Staßfurt (Neustaßfurt) Staßfurt OT-Bauleitung Construction
Suhl Suhl Gustloff-Werke Construction
Tannroda Tannroda Mitteldeutsche Papierwerke Paper mill
Taucha Taucha Hugo Schneider AG Production of ammunition and rocket-propelled grenades
Tonndorf Tonndorf Construction, quarry work, plumbing
Torgau Torgau Heeres-Munitionsanstalt Explosives production
Tröglitz, Gemeinde Rehmsdorf Tröglitz Brabag Bomb demolition, clearing debris, road and railway construction
Unna Unna Work for the 5th SS Corps' news department
Usingen Usingen Construction of an underground tunnel and bunker system
Weferlingen Weferlingen Bauleitung Gerhard Production of engines for aircraft and U-boats
Weimar Weimar Gustloff-Werke Production of infantry vehicles, gun barrels, rifle parts, and mortars
Wernigerode Wernigerode Rautal-Werke GmbH Cast iron production
Westeregeln Westeregeln Junkers Construction of an underground plant for Junkers aircraft and engines
Witten-Annen Witten-Annen Ruhrstahl AG Steel for aircraft production, tank parts, and metal processing
Wolfen Wolfen IG-Farben Pulp and cotton production

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ List of places: Concentration camps and outlying camps: Concentration camp Buchenwald, List of national socialist camps and detention sites 1933 - 1945