List of submachine guns

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This is a list of submachine guns with articles available on Wikipedia. Because the exact definition of a submachine gun can vary much from source to source it includes assault rifles chambered for submachine gun or pistol cartridges, some machine pistols, and personal defense weapons (PDWs), all of which are sometimes designated as submachine guns.

Name Year Country Cartridge Users Notes Image
American-180 1970's  United States .22 Long Rifle United States The weapon operates through a conventional blowback mechanism. It uses an open bolt with a flat pan magazine. It fires at a relatively high rate of fire of around 1,200 RPM. American-180.jpg
Arsenal Shipka 1996  Bulgaria 9×18mm Makarov
9×19mm Parabellum
Bulgaria Arsenal Shipka.jpg
Austen MK I 1942  Australia 9×19mm Parabellum Australia The Austen was derived from the British Sten. Austen Mk1 9-mm submachine gun.jpg
Borz 1992  Chechen Republic of Ichkeria 9×18mm Makarov Chechnya The Borz was initially a near-copy of the Armenian K6-92, which itself was loosely based on the Soviet PPS submachine gun. Музей истории донецкой милиции 015.jpg
Beretta M12 1959  Italy 9×19mm Parabellum Many users widely exported Its short length is achieved by use of a barrel recessed into the bolt head, known as a telescoping bolt. This reduces length without reducing barrel length or bolt weight. Beretta mod12s scheda.jpg
Beretta Model 1918 1918  Kingdom of Italy 9mm Glisenti pistol Italy Entered service in 1918 with the Italian armed forces and came with an overhead inserted magazine. Beretta-model-1918-submachine-gun.jpg
Beretta OVP 1918  Kingdom of Italy 9mm Glisenti
.455 Webley Auto Mk I
Italy The OVP is the worlds first submachine gun. Was replaced by the Model 1918 within the year.
Beretta Model 38 1938  Kingdom of Italy 9×19mm Parabellum Was widely exported and used by the Germans during WWII. The 38 series is the longest serving of the worlds SMGs, and later models can still be seen in the hands of Italian military and police forces. Beretta 38.jpg
BXP 1984  South Africa 9×19mm Parabellum South Africa Due to international arms embargoes of Apartheid South Africa, the country was forced to design and manufacture their own weapons.
Blyskawica submachine gun 1943  Poland 9×19mm Parabellum Poland Produced by resistance fighters in German occupied Poland. It was the only weapon designed and mass produced covertly in occupied Europe. As a result, there are many variations. Uprising defender.jpg
Bizon SMG 1993  Russia 9×18mm Makarov
9×19mm Parabellum
.380 ACP
7.62×25mm Tokarev
Russia Based on the AK-47 assault rifle uses a 64-round helical magazine. PP-19 Bizon right view.jpg
Hafdasa C-4 1938  Argentina 9×19mm Parabellum
.45 ACP
Calico 960 1990  United States 9×19mm Parabellum United States Its introduced the helical-feed magazine. Calico M960 SMG.jpg
Carl Gustav M/45 1945  Sweden 9×19mm Parabellum Widely exported, it was used by CIA operatives, U.S. Navy SEALs and Special Forces advisers. In US service it was known as the "Swedish-K". The M/45 SMG was developed in 1944–45, with a design borrowing from and also improving on many design elements of earlier submachine guns. Carl Gustav M45-b.jpg
Colt 9mm SMG 1982  United States 9x19mm Parabellum United States
Closed bolt blowback SMG based on the M16 rifle. Colt 9mm SMG 635 10.JPG
Daewoo K7 2003  South Korea 9×19mm Parabellum Bangladesh
Based on Daewoo K2 rifle Daewoo K7 SMG at Defense Asia 2006 0.jpg
Danuvia 43M submachine gun 1953  Kingdom of Hungary 9×25mm Mauser Hungary
DUX-53 & DUX-59 1953  Spanish State 9×19mm Parabellum Spain The DUX-53 and DUX-59 are the same gun. The 53 has cocking handle on the right side. While the 59 has cocking handle on the left side. They have their roots in the Soviet Sudaev PPS-43 submachine gun.
Erma EMP-35 1935  Nazi Germany 9×19mm Parabellum Germany
F1 submachine gun 1963  Australia 9×19mm Parabellum Australia The F-1 is top loaded SMG. It shares many design features with the British Sterling submachine gun.
FAMAE SAF 1993  Chile 9×19mm Parabellum Chile DCB Shooting FAMAE.jpg
FBP submachine gun 1948  Portugal 9×19mm Parabellum Portugal Pistola-metralhadora FBP.svg
FMK-3 submachine gun 1974  Argentina 9×19mm Parabellum Argentina Pa3dm-fmk3-mod2.jpg
FNAB-43 1943  Kingdom of Italy 9×19mm Parabellum Italy
FN P90 1990  Belgium 5.7x28mm Many users widely exported The P-90 is a compact bullpup design with an unconventional futuristic appearance. This personal defense weapon was designed to penetrate soft body armor. FN-P90 2.jpg
Halcon M-1943 1943  Argentina 9×19mm Parabellum
.45 ACP
Halcón M-1943.jpg
Halcon ML-57 1957  Argentina 9×19mm Parabellum
.45 ACP
Halcon ML-63 1957  Argentina 9×19mm Parabellum
Heckler & Koch MP5 1966  West Germany 9×19mm Parabellum
10mm Auto
.40 S&W
The MP5 is one of the most widely used submachine guns in the world, having been adopted by 40 nations and numerous military, law enforcement, intelligence, and security organizations. The MP5 is based on the G3 rifle and uses the same closed-bolt roller-delayed blowback operation system. MIC-MP5-2 original.jpg
Heckler & Koch MP7 2001  West Germany 4.6x30mm Widely exported with many users. H&K MP7 is a personal defence weapon that was made in response to the FN P90. H&K MP7.jpg
Heckler & Koch UMP 1999  Germany 9×19mm Parabellum
.45 ACP
.40 S&W
Widely exported with many users. H&K developed the UMP as a lighter and cheaper successor to the MP5, though both remain in production.
Intratec TEC-DC9 1985  United States 9×19mm Parabellum United States The TEC-DC9 was made of inexpensive molded polymers and a mixture of stamped and milled steel parts. Most common model is the semi-auto-only TEC-9 sold primary on the U.S. civilian market. Kg99.jpg
Jatimatic 1983  Finland 9×19mm Parabellum Finland
Made in small numbers
The Jatimatic has many unusable features, such as a two-stage progressive trigger and a folding vertical forward grip, which also acts as the cocking handle. Jati-Matic.JPG
KGP-9 1980?  Hungary 9×19mm Parabellum Hungry An interesting feature of this gun is that the standard issue barrel can be replaced by a longer one, turning the gun into a carbine with longer range than a submachine gun KGP-9 1.jpg
Kommando LDP 1965  Rhodesia 9×19mm Parabellum Rhodesia The LDP is a copy of the Vz. 25. It was during the Rhodesian Bush War (1965-1980) for use by white Rhodesian farmers to protect themselves. It was nicknamed the "Rhuzi" due to its similarity to the IMI UZI.
KP m/44 submachine gun 1944  Finland 9×19mm Parabellum Finland The KP m/44 was a Finnish 9mm copy and modification of the Soviet mass-produced 7.62 mm submachine gun PPS-43. 9.00 KP 44.JPG
Labora Fontbernat M-1938 1938 Francoist Spain Spain 9×23mm Largo
Lanchester submachine gun 1941  United Kingdom 9×19mm Parabellum British Commonwealth The Lanchester is a copy of the German MP28/II. Lanchester5.jpg
Lettet-Forsøgs submachine gun 1941  Denmark 9×19mm Parabellum Denmark The Lettet Forsøgs-maskinpistol was a variant of the Suomi KP/-31 submachine gun of Finnish origin adapted for Danish service
M3 grease gun 1942  United States .45 ACP
9×19mm Parabellum
widely exported Inexpensive easy to make SMG. Its receiver is made of stamped steel in two halves that were then welded together. M3-SMG.jpg
United Defense M42 1942  United States 9×19mm Parabellum
.30 Carbine
United Defence M42.jpg
M50 Reising 1941  United States .45 ACP Used by United States and its allies Model-50.jpg
MAC-10 1971  United States .45 ACP MAC10.jpg
MAC-11 1970s  United States .380 ACP MAC11.jpg
Madsen M-50 1950  Denmark 9×19mm Parabellum Widely exported with variants made by several countries Stamped steel SMG with a clamshell type design, a side folding stock and a grip-safety on the magazine housing.
MAS-38 1938 France 7.65mm Longue MAS-38.jpg
MAT-49 1949 France 9×19mm Parabellum
7.62×25mm Tokarev
MAT Submachine Gun.jpg
MEMS M-52/60 1952  Argentina 9×19mm Parabellum
Mendoza HM-3 1990s  Mexico .380 ACP
Imbel MD2A1 1986  Brazil 9×19mm Parabellum
MGD PM-9 1950  France 9×19mm Parabellum
MGP-15 submachine gun 1990  Peru 9×19mm Parabellum
MGP submachine gun 1979  Peru 9×19mm Parabellum
MGV-176 1979  Yugoslavia .22 Long Rifle
Minebea PM-9 1990  Japan 9×19mm Parabellum Minebea 9mm submachine gun 20120408.jpg
MP 18 1918  German Empire 9×19mm Parabellum Germany Worlds first practical SMG use by German Stormtroopers during WWI with great effect. Bergmann MP 18.1
MP 34 1934  Austria 9×19mm Parabellum
9×23mm Steyr
9×25mm Mauser
Mp34 submachine gun.JPG
MP35 1935  Nazi Germany 9×19mm Parabellum Bergmann Mp-35.jpg
MP 38 1938  Nazi Germany 9×19mm Parabellum MP 38.jpg
MP 40 1940  Nazi Germany 9×19mm Parabellum MP 40 AYF 2.JPG
MP 41 1941  Nazi Germany 9×19mm Parabellum German MP wooden stock.jpg
Mauser MP-57 1957  West Germany 9×19mm Parabellum
Modern Sub Machine Carbine 2006  India 5.56×30mm MINSAS MSMC - Modern Sub Machine Carbine.jpg
MPA submachine gun 1977  Argentina 9×19mm Parabellum
Northwood R-76 1976  Rhodesia 9×19mm Parabellum
Orita M1941 1941  Kingdom of Romania 9×19mm Parabellum
Owen submachine gun 1943  Australia 9×19mm Parabellum Owen Gun (AWM 018320).jpg
Parker Hale PDW 1999  United Kingdom 9×19mm Parabellum
Patria Mod 2 1980  Argentina 9×19mm Parabellum
Pindad PM2 2000s  Indonesia 9×19mm Parabellum Pindad PM-2.jpg
PM-63 RAK 1964 People's Republic of Poland 9×18mm Makarov
9×19mm Parabellum
.380 ACP
Submachine gun wz63.jpg
PM-84 Glauberyt 1984 People's Republic of Poland 9×18mm Makarov
9×19mm Parabellum
PM84P Glauberyt.jpg
PP-2000 2000  Russia 9×18mm Makarov { PP-2000 with detached magazine.jpg
PPD-40 1935  Soviet Union 7.62×25mm Tokarev PPD-34.JPG
PPS submachine gun 1942  Soviet Union 7.62×25mm Tokarev PPS.jpg
PPSh-41 1941  Soviet Union 7.62×25mm Tokarev PPSh-41 from soviet.jpg
Pistol Mitraliera model 1996 RATMIL 1996  Romania 9×19mm Parabellum RATMIL SMG.jpg
QCW-05 2005  People's Republic of China 5.8x21mm QCQ05.jpg
Rexim-Favor 1950   Switzerland 9×19mm Parabellum
Ruger MP9 1995  United States 9×19mm Parabellum
Sa vz. 23 1948  Czechoslovakia 9×19mm Parabellum
7.62×25mm Tokarev
Samopal Vz 25.JPG
Saab Bofors Dynamics CBJ-MS 2000s  Sweden 9×19mm Parabellum
6.5×25 CBJ-MS
650cbj ms.jpg
Sanna 77 1977  South Africa
9×19mm Parabellum
Samopal Vz 25.JPG
SIG MKMS 1934   Switzerland 9×19mm Parabellum
Škorpion vz. 61 1961  Czechoslovakia .32 ACP Submachine gun vz61.jpg
SM-9 1985  Guatemala 9×19mm Parabellum
LAPA SM-03 1980s  Brazil 9×19mm Parabellum
Smith & Wesson M76 1967  United States 9×19mm Parabellum In 1966, the Swedish government blocked the sale of firearms (Carl Gustav M/45) to the United States because it opposed the Vietnam War. As a result, S&W was tasked with developing an improved Swedish K.
Spectre M4 1985  Italy 9×19mm Parabellum SITES Spectre.jpg
Sten submachine gun 1941  United Kingdom 9×19mm Parabellum Pistolet maszynowy STEN, Muzeum Orła Białego.jpg
Sterling submachine gun 1953  United Kingdom 9×19mm Parabellum Sterling SMG.JPG
Steyr MPi 69 1969  Austria 9×19mm Parabellum Steyr-MP-69.jpg
Steyr TMP 1990s  Austria 9×19mm Parabellum Steyr TMP 9mmPara 001.jpg
Suomi KP/-31 1931  Finland 9×19mm Parabellum Suomi submachine gun M31 1 (1).jpg
Type 77 submachine gun 1985  Republic of China 9×19mm Parabellum
Hotchkiss Type Universal 1949  France 9×19mm Parabellum
Thompson submachine gun 1921  United States .45 ACP United States and many other countries One of the world most famous SMGs Campbell Thompson.jpg
Type 79 submachine gun 1981  People's Republic of China 7.62×25mm Tokarev
Type 85 submachine gun 1980s  People's Republic of China 7.62×25mm Tokarev
Type 100 submachine gun 1942  Empire of Japan 8x22mm Nambu Submachine gun Type 100.jpg
TZ-45 1942  Italian Social Republic 9×19mm Parabellum
Uru (submachine gun) 1974  Brazil 9×19mm Parabellum
Uzi 1949  Israel 9×19mm Parabellum
.45 ACP
The Uzi has become one of the most popular submachine guns in the world, with over 10 million units sold, more than any other submachine gun The Uzi was one of the first weapons to use a telescoping bolt design with the magazine housed in the pistol grip for a shorter weapon. Uzi 1.jpg
Vityaz-SN 1990s  Russia 9×19mm Parabellum OSN Saturn special purpose unit (506-20).jpg
VBR-Belgium PDW 2002  Belgium 7.92x24mm
9×19mm Parabellum
Vigneron submachine gun 1953  Belgium 9×19mm Parabellum Vigneron machine gun IMG 1529nc.jpg
Walther MP 1953  West Germany 9×19mm Parabellum
.380 ACP
Walther MPK.svg
ZB-47 1947  Czechoslovakia 9×19mm Parabellum
Hafdasa Z-4 1938  Argentina 9×19mm Parabellum
.45 ACP
Star Z-45 1945  Spanish State 9×23mm Largo SUBFUSILSTARZ-45,TRASERA,CARGADOR,DCHA.jpg
ZK-383 1930  Czechoslovakia 9×19mm Parabellum

See also[edit]