List of successful English Channel swimmers
After a seaman had floated across the Channel on a bundle of straw, Matthew Webb became the first to make the crossing without the aid of artificial buoyancy. His first attempt ended in failure, but on August 25, 1875, he started from Admiralty Pier in Dover and made the crossing in 21 hours and 45 minutes, despite challenging tides (which delayed him for 5 hours) and a jellyfish sting.
On September 6, 1911, after 15 unsuccessful tries, Thomas William Burgess became the second person to successfully make the crossing, with a total of 80 unsuccessful crossings made before Burgess duplicated Webb's feat, making the crossing from Dover to Gris Nez in 22 hours and 35 minutes. Burgess ate a hearty meal of ham and eggs before starting his swim and had only swum for 18 hours before he made the crossing, with his longest swim being six miles.
Henry Sullivan was successful in his seventh attempt. He entered the water in Dover at 4:20 on Sunday afternoon, August 5, 1923, and began his swim. Though the straight-line distance is 22.5 miles, choppy waters and capricious tides forced him to swim an estimated 56 miles. He reached shore at Calais at 8:05 in the evening of August 6, finishing in 27 hours and 45 minutes. Two other swimmers completed the swim that same summer. Enrique Tirabocchi, from Argentina, completed the swim on August 13, finishing in a record time of 16 hours and 33 minutes and becoming the first person to swim the route starting from the French side of the Channel. American Charles Toth of Boston completed the swim on September 9, 1923, in 16 hours and 40 minutes, missing by two days the expiration of a 1,000 Pound prize offered by the Daily Sketch for anyone who completed the swim, a prize that both Sullivan and Tirabocchi received from a representative of the Daily Sketch waiting on the shore with a check in hand.
Gertrude Ederle's successful cross-channel swim began at Cap Gris Nez in France at 07:05 on the morning of August 6, 1926. Her trainer was Burgess. 14 hours and 30 minutes later, coming ashore at Kingsdown, Kent, England, in a total time of 14 hours and 39 minutes, making her the first woman to complete the crossing and setting the record for the fastest time, breaking the previous mark set by Tirabocchi by almost two hours. A reporter from The New York Times who had accompanied Ederle's support team on a tugboat, recounted that Ederle was confronted by a British immigrations official, who recorded the biographical details of Ederle and the individuals on board the ship, none of whom had been carrying their passports. Ederle was finally allowed to come ashore, after promising that she would report to the authorities the following morning.
L. Walter Lissberger financed the $3,000 in expenses that Amelia Gade Corson and her husband incurred in preparing for the Channel swim. Lissberger made a wager with Lloyd's of London betting that she would succeed in crossing the Channel, and received a payout of $100,000 at odds of 20–1 when she completed her swim. She was one of three swimmers who were trying to make the swim across the Channel at the same time starting at 11:32 at night on August 28, 1926, leaving from Cape Gris Nez. The two men with her failed, Egyptian swimmer Ishak Helmy dropping out after three hours and an English swimmer failing one mile from Dover's Shakespeare Cliffs. With her husband rowing alongside in a dory and providing her with hot chocolate, sugar lumps and crackers, she completed the swim in a time of 15 hours and 29 minutes, one hour longer than the record set by Gertrude Ederle three weeks earlier that summer.
Jackie Cobell had intended to make the 21-mile crossing by a more direct route in July 2010, but inadvertently set the record for the slowest solo swim, when strong currents forced her to swim a total of 65 miles in 28 hours and 44 minutes, breaking the record set by Henry Sullivan in 1923, who had been the third person, and the first American, to make the crossing.
|England to France||Matthew Webb||1875||21:45||First crossing from England to France on 24 August 1875.|
|England to France||Thomas William Burgess||1911||22:35||Second crossing from England to France.|
|England to France||Henry Sullivan||1923||26:50||Third crossing from England to France.|
|France to England||Enrique Tirabocchi||1923||16:33||First crossing from France to England.|
|France to England||Charles Toth||1923||16:58||Second crossing from France to England.|
|France to England||Gertrude Ederle||1926||14:39||First woman to cross in either direction.|
|France to England||Amelia Gade Corson||1926||15.29||First mother to cross from England to France|
|France to England||Edward H. Temme||1934||15.34||First man to swim the English Channel in both directions. He swam from France to England in August 1927 and from England to France on August 18, 1934.|
|England to France to England||Florence May Chadwick||1953||14.42||First woman to swim the English Channel in both directions.|
|France to England||Marilyn Bell||1955||14.6||Second Canadian to swim the English Channel."Solo Swims of Ontario Inc. Hall of Fame". "In 1955, the year following year her Lake Ontario crossing, Marilyn swam the English Channel and became the 32nd person (14th woman, and second Canadian) to cross from France to England with her time of 14 hours 36 minutes."|
|Mihir Sen||1958||First Indian to cross the English Channel.|
|Arati Saha||1959||14:20||First Indian and Asian Women.|
|Brojen Das||1958||First Bengali to swim across the English Channel. Crossed the Channel four times and was first world record holder as the fastest swimmer.|
|England to France to England||Antonio Abertondo||1961||43:10||First person to swim the channel both ways non-stop.|
|England to France||Jon Erikson||1981||38:27||First person to swim the channel three ways.|
|England to France||John Maclean||1998||12 hours 55 minutes||First paraplegic to swim the Channel|
|Folkestone to Cap Gris Nez||Philippe Croizon||2010||13:28||First quadruple amputee to swim the English Channel.|
|Men Two ways||Philip Rush||16:10||1987|
|Men Three ways||Philip Rush||28:21||1987|
|Women Two ways||Susie Maroney||17:14||1991|
|Women Three ways||Alison Streeter||34:40||1990|
|Men Two ways||Kevin Murphy||3|
|Men Three ways||Jon Erikson, Philip Rush||1|
|Women Two ways||Cynthia Nicholas||5|
|Women Three ways||Alison Streeter||1|
- In 1988 Thomas Gregory(UK) was the youngest male at 11yrs11months to swim the English channel in a time of 11:54mins.
- Lynne Cox, in July 1972, at age fifteen, breaking both the men's and women's records.
- Marilyn Bell, on July 31, 1955, at age seventeen, was the first youngest female (14th woman, 32nd person, 2nd Canadian) to cross from France to England with her time of 14 hours 36 minute.
- On Sept 3/4 2010 BEST (Bristol English Channel Swim Team) became the youngest relay team ever to swim the English Channel in a time of 13 hours, 25 mins, 30 seconds. Average age of the all boy team from Bristol England was 12 years 118 days. Piloted by Mike Oram of the CS&PF (Channel Swimming and Piloting Federation).
- Six Girls No Buoys, on 1st September 2013, 5 x 13 year olds and 1 x 14 year old became the youngest all girl relay team to swim the Channel in 13 hours, 06 minutes and 19 seconds.
- Millie Elson, in September 2013, at age thirteen, the youngest deaf person to swim the channel as part of the London based Six Girls No Buoys relay team.
- Roger Allsopp, who was aged 70 years and 4 months when he crossed on 30 August 2011, taking 17 hours 51 minutes.
- The oldest male swimmer to cross under the rules of the Channel Swimming Association is Australian Clifford Batt, who was aged 67 years and 240 days when he crossed on 19 August 1987, taking 18 hours 37 minutes.
- The oldest female swimmer is Susan Oldham of Australia, who was 64 years, 257 days old when she completed the 21-mile swim on August 24, 2011.
- Other records
- 7 October 1927, Mercedes Gleitze became, on her eighth attempt, the first British woman to swim the channel. She swam from France to England in 15 hours 15 minutes. Because of a claim which was soon proven to be false, by Dr. Dorothy Cochrane Logan (using her professional name, Mona McLennan), to have swum the Channel on 11 October in the faster time of thirteen hours and ten minutes, Gleitze's own claim was cast into doubt. To silence the doubters, Gleitze decided to repeat her feat in what was called "the vindication swim". On 21 October she entered the water at Cap Gris Nez. But this time the water was much colder, and she did not complete the crossing. She was pulled semi-conscious from the water after 10 hours 24 minutes, some seven miles (11 km) short of the English shore. She might have been disappointed at not completing the swim, but after witnessing her strength, courage, and determination, nobody doubted the legitimacy of her previous swim, and she was hailed as a heroine. Rolex had asked her to wear one of their first Oyster waterproof watches during her repeat attempt, and her feat was subsequently used in advertising by Rolex.
- Hassan Abdel Rehim (Egypt) won the first Daily Mail cross channel race(men) - France to England August 22, 1950. The women's race was won by Eileen Fenton (Dewsbury, England).
- Mihir Sen became the first Indian to swim the English Channel, from Dover to Calais on September 27, 1958.
- Other swimming crossings include: Vicki Keith (first butterfly swim crossing); Montserrat Tresserras (first Spaniard ); Abhijit Rao, the youngest Asian (6 August 1988); Comedians who have swum the channel include Doon Mackichan, and David Walliams.
- In 1997, at the age of 32, Mike Taylor became the first person with diagnosed multiple sclerosis to take part in a completed relay across the English Channel, swimming the first section without use of his legs.
- Lachlan (Lochie) Hinds completed the swim from England to France on July 5, 2012 and broke the record as the youngest Australian male to complete the swim at the age of 16.
- "Listing of Successful Swims". Solo swims. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
- Captain Matthew Webb, International Swimming Hall of Fame. Accessed August 5, 2010.
- Staff. "The Channel Swim: Burgess's Perseverance Rewarded After Fifteen failures", Poverty Bay Herald, Volume XXXVIII, Issue 12581, October 11, 1911, Page 8. Accessed August 5, 2010.
- Staff. "Henry Sullivan Crossed Channel - United States Swimmer Swam From England to France in 27 Hours 25 Minutes - Seventh Attempt - Third to Accomplish Feat - Capt. Webb and Burgess Other Two", The Montreal Gazette, August 7, 1923. Accessed August 5, 2010.
- Staff. "CUTS WEBB'S TIME IN CHANNEL SWIM; Tirabocchi of Argentina Is the First to Succeed Over the Calais-to-Dover Route. 16 HOURS 33 MINS. IN WATER Second Winner of L1,000 Prize Is Exhausted at Finish -- Toth Quits Near Goal. CUTS WEBB'S TIME IN CHANNEL SWIM", The New York Times, August 13, 1923. Accessed August 5, 2010.
- Staff. "TOTH SWIMS CHANNEL; MISSES 1,000 PRIZE; Boston's Man's Feat Just Two Days Too Late For Reward.", The New York Times, September 10, 1923, August 5, 2010.
- Gallico, Paul (January 19, 1964). "First Queen of Channel Swimmers". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2009-08-12. "The coach who joined the party abroad was none other than that Thomas Burgess who, 15 years before, had been the second to make the Channel crossing ..."
- Rutherford, Alec. "EXPERT'S STORY OF SWIM.", The New York Times, August 7, 1926. Accessed August 5, 2010.
- Staff. "MRS. CORSON SELF-TRAINED.; She Has Swum Around Manhattan and From Albany to New York.", The New York Times, August 29, 1926. Accessed August 6, 2010.
- Staff. "MRS. CARSON STARTS TO SWIM CHANNEL; Woman Who Made Albany to New York Record Reported Making Excellent Progress.", The New York Times, August 28, 1926. Accessed August 5, 2010.
- Staff. "Sport: First Mother", Time (magazine), September 6, 1926. Accessed August 6, 2010.
- Staff. "Channel swimmer sets slowest record", BBC News, July 27, 2010. Accessed August 5, 2010.
- Severo, Richard (December 1, 2003). "Gertrude Ederle, the First Woman to Swim Across the English Channel, Dies at 98". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-08-11. "Gertrude Ederle, who was called America's best girl by President Calvin Coolidge in 1926 after she became the first woman to swim across the English Channel, died yesterday at a nursing home in Wyckoff, N.J. She was 98."
- She did it in 14 hours 31 minutes, breaking the men's record of the time by two hours. However, this swim attracted some controversy. On 16 August, The Westminster Gazette reported locals as saying that "Miss Ederle swam under the lea of one of the accompanying tugs" while another boat "navigated in such a manner as to keep the heavy seas and tides off her" and that "Miss Ederle was drawn along by the suction of the tug so that she was able to swim at about twice the speed she would have been able to swim under ordinary conditions." The Dover Express and East Kent News commented that "So far little information has been given of the detail of Miss Ederle's swim. The most extraordinary thing about it being that she made no westward drift with the ebb tide, which on the day in question ran westward for nearly seven hours."
- "People of Note". Retrieved 2010-08-10. "Edward Temme, a London insurance clerk, was the first man to swim across the Channel both ways, from France to England in August 1927 and from England to France on 18 August 1934."
- "Briefs". The Age. 1 September 1998. p. 7.
- Bose, Anjali, Samsad Bangali Chariutabhidhan, Vol II, (Bengali)p. 268, Sishu Sahitya Samsad Pvt. Ltd., ISBN 81-86806-99-7
- "Watch Walliams' Channel swim". London: BBC. 4 July 2006. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Taylor-made hero". South London Press. August 22, 1997. Retrieved 2011-05-26.
- "MS victim describes his Channel swim triumph: "I did it to prove that I'm not on the scrapheap, explains defiant Michael."". Express and Star (page 12). Tuesday. Retrieved 2011-05-26.