list of suffragists and suffragettes includes noted individuals active in the worldwide Women's Voting Rights Movement who have campaigned and strongly advocated for women's suffrage, the organizations which they formed or joined, and the publications which publicized – and in some nations continue to publicize – their goals. Suffragists and suffragettes, often members of different groups and societies, used or use differing tactics. For example, suffragettes in the British usage denotes a more " militant" type of campaigner, and suffragettes in the United States organized such events as the Silent Sentinels, the Suffrage Hikes, and the Woman Suffrage Parade of 1913.
American (United States) [ edit ]
Jane Addams (1860-1935) - social activist, president Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906) - co-founder and leader National Women's Suffrage Association, created the National American Woman's Suffrage Association
Nina E. Allender (1873-1957)- speaker, organizer and cartoonist.
Annie Arniel (1873–1924) - member of the Silent Sentinels, arrested eight times in direct actions
Ida B. Wells-Barnett (1862-1931) - journalist, activist
Bertha Hirsch Baruch - writer, president of the Los Angeles Suffrage Association
Alva Belmont (1853–1933) - founder of the Political Equality League that was in 1913 merged into the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage
Alice Stone Blackwell (1857–1950) - journalist, activist
Antoinette Brown Blackwell (1825-1921) - co-founder, with Lucy Stone, of the American Woman Suffrage Association
Henry Browne Blackwell (1825-1909) - founded with Woman's Journal Lucy Stone
Harriot Eaton Stanton Blatch (1856–1940) - writer (major contributor to ), founded Women's Political Union, daughter of pioneering activist History of Woman Suffrage Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
Amelia Bloomer (1818–1894) - women's rights and temperance advocate. Her name was associated with women's clothing reform style known as bloomers.
Lucy Gwynne Branham (1892-1966) - professor, organizer, lobbyist, active in the National Women's Party and its Silent Sentinels, daughter of suffragette Lucy Fisher Gwynne Branham.
Madeline McDowell Breckinridge (1872–1920) - leader of the women's suffrage movement and one of Kentucky's leading Progressive reformers.
Sophonisba Breckinridge (1866–1948) - activist, Progressive Era social reformer, social scientist and innovator in higher education.
Olympia Brown (1835–1926) - first generation suffragist, regarded as the first woman to graduate from a theological school, as well as becoming the first full-time ordained minister.
Emma Bugbee (1888-1981) - journalist.
Lucy Burns (1879–1966) - women's rights advocate, co-founder of the National Woman's Party.
Frances Jennings Casement (1840–1928) - voting advocate, married General John S. Casement who lobbied for voting rights for women.
Carrie Chapman Catt (1859-1947) - president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, founder of the League of Women Voters and the International Alliance of Women, campaigned for the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution,
Tennessee Celeste Claflin (1844–1923) - one of the first women to open a Wall Street brokerage firm, advocate of legalized prostitution.
Laura Clay (1849-1941), co-founder and first president of Kentucky Equal Rights Association, leader of women's suffrage movement, active in the Democratic Party.
Nancy Cook (1884–1962) - teacher, intimate of Eleanor Roosevelt.
Ida Craft - known as the Colonel, took part in Suffrage Hikes.
Minnie Fisher Cunningham (1882–1964) - first executive secretary of the League of Women Voters, member of the National American Women's Suffrage Association.
Marion Dickerman (1890–1983) - educator, vice-principal of the Todhunter School, intimate of Eleanor Roosevelt.
Frederick Douglass (1818–1895) - African-American social reformer, orator, writer, statesman.
Abigail Scott Duniway (1834–1915) - women's rights advocate, editor, writer.
Max Eastman (1883–1969) - writer, philosopher, poet, prominent political activist.
Helga Estby (1860-1942) - Norwegian immigrant, noted for her walk across the United States during 1896 to save her family farm.
Janet Ayer Fairbank (1878-1951) - author and champion of progressive causes.
Sara Bard Field (1882–1974) active with the National Woman's Party, and in Oregon and Nevada. Crossed the U.S. to deliver a peition with 500,000 signatures to President Wilson.
Clara S. Foltz (1849–1934) - lawyer, sister of U.S. Senator Samuel M. Shortridge.
Elizabeth Fouse (1875–1952) - founder and head of many organisations working to end discrimination.
Elisabeth Freeman (1876–1942) - civil rights activist.
Matilda Joslyn Gage (1826–1898) - activist, freethinker, author.
Edna Fischel Gellhorn (1878–1970) - reformer, co-founder of the National League of Women Voters.
Sarah Grimke (1792–1873) - abolitionist, writer.
Eliza Caroline "Lida" Calvert Obenchain (pen name Eliza Calvert Hall) (1856-1935) - author, women's rights advocate.
Ida Husted Harper (1851-1931) - organizer, major writer and historian of U.S. suffrage movement.
Florence Jaffray Harriman (1870–1967) - social reformer, organiser and diplomat.
Josephine K. Henry (1846–1928) - Progressive Era women's rights leader, social reformer and writer.
Katharine Houghton Hepburn (1878-1951) - social reformer and a leader of the suffrage movement in the US.
Elsie Hill - activist
Julia Ward Howe (1819–1910) - prominent abolitionist, social activist and poet.
Mary Livermore (1820–1905) - journalist and advocate of women's rights.
Ada James (1876–1952) - social worker and reformer.
Izetta Jewel (1883–1978) - stage actress, women's rights activist, politician and the first woman to address a major American political party convention.
Rosalie Gardiner Jones (1883-1978) - socialite, took part in Suffrage Hike, known as "General Jones"
Abby Kelley (1811–1887) - abolitionist, radical social reformer, fundraiser, lecturer and committee organiser for American Anti-Slavery Society.
Daisy Elizabeth Adams Lampkin (1883–1965) - civil rights activist, organization executive, and community practitioner.
Clara Chan Lee (1886–1993) - first Chinese American to register to vote in the U.S., November 8, 1911 [1 ]
Florence Luscomb (1887–1985) - architect and prominent leader of Massachusetts suffragists.
Edna Buckman Kearns (1882–1934) - activist, National Woman's Party campaigner, known for her horse-drawn suffrage campaign wagon, which is in the collection of New York State Museum.
Anne Henrietta Martin (1875-1951) - Vice-chairman National Woman's Party, arrested as a Silent Sentinel, president Nevada Equal Franchise Society, first U.S. woman to run for Senate.
Jane Hungerford Milbank (1871-1931) - author and poet.
Inez Milholland (1886–1916) - key participant in the National Woman's Party and the Woman Suffrage Parade of 1913
Harriet May Mills (1857-1936) - prominent civil rights leader, played a major role in women's rights movement.
Esther Hobart Morris (1814–1902) - first female Justice of the Peace in the United States.
Lucretia Mott (1793–1880) - Quaker, abolitionist, a women's rights activist, and a social reformer.
Alice Paul (1885 - 1977) - Leader, main strategist, and inspiration for the 1910s Women's Voting Rights Movement for the 19th Amendment. Founder National Woman's Party, initiator of the Silent Sentinals and Woman's Suffrage Parade of 1913, author of the Equal Rights Amendment.
Helen Pitts (1838–1903) - active in women's rights movement and co-edited The Alpha.
Anita Pollitzer (1894-1975) - photographer, served as National Chairman in the National Woman's Party.
Florence Kenyon Hayden Rector (1882-1973) - first licensed female architect in the state of Ohio and the only female architect practicing in central Ohio between 1900 and 1930.
Margaret Sanger (1879–1966) - birth control activist, sex educator, nurse, established Planned Parenthood Federation of America.
Julia Sears (1840-1929) - pioneering academic and first woman in the U.S. to head a public college, now Minnesota State University.
Anna Howard Shaw (1847-1919) - president of National Women's Suffrage Association 1904-1915
Mary Shaw (1854–1929)
May Gorslin Preston Slosson
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Doris Stevens (1892-1963) organizer for National American Women Suffrage Association and the National Woman's Party, prominent Silent Sentinels participant, author Jailed for Freedom
M. Carey Thomas
Dorothy Thompson (1893–1961) - Buffalo and New York activist, later journalist and radio broadcaster
Sojourner Truth ( c. 1797–1883) - abolitionist, women's rights activist, speaker, gave women's rights speech " Ain't I a Woman?".
Mina Van Winkle
Mabel Vernon (1883–1975) - principal member of the Congressional Union for Women Suffrage, major organizer for the Silent Sentinels
Ida B. Wells
Maud Wood Park
Argentina [ edit ]
Eva Perón (1919–1952) - Speaker and writer for suffrage, women's suffrage passed during her first year as First Lady of Argentina
Australian [ edit ]
Austrian [ edit ]
Belgian [ edit ]
British [ edit ]
(3rd from right, with petition) and fellow Suffragettes 1910
Canadian [ edit ]
Egyptian [ edit ]
Iceland [ edit ]
Bríet Bjarnhéðinsdóttir (1856–1940) - founded the first women's magazine and first suffrage organization in Iceland
Italian [ edit ]
Japanese [ edit ]
New Zealander [ edit ]
Norwegian [ edit ]
Peruvian [ edit ]
Puerto Rican [ edit ]
Russian [ edit ]
Scottish [ edit ]
Spanish [ edit ]
Swedish [ edit ]
Major suffrage organizations [ edit ]
American Equal Rights Association - from 1866 to 1869, early attempt at a national organization by Lucy Stone, Susan B. Anthony and others.
American Woman Suffrage Association - American suffrage organization formed in 1869 by Lucy Stone and Antoinette Brown Blackwell after a split in the American Equal Rights Association. It joined NAWSA in 1890.
Canadian Women's Suffrage Association - founded 1877, name changed in 1883 to Toronto Women's Suffrage Association.
Congressional Union - radical U.S. organization formed in 1913 to campaign for a constitutional amendment for women's voting rights. Led by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns, In 1915 changed its name to National Woman's Party.
Country Association for Women's Suffrage - Swedish organization from 1902 to 1921
Dublin Women's Suffrage Association - major Irish organization
International Alliance of Women - founded in 1904 to promote women's suffrage
Irish Women's Franchise League - founded in 1908, more radical than the Dublin Association
National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) - American group formed in 1890 by the joining of the American Woman Suffrage Association and the National Woman Suffrage Association.
National Society for Women's Suffrage - Britain's first large suffrage organization, founded in 1867 by Lydia Becker.
National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies - a major United Kingdom organization
National Woman's Party - major United States organization founded in 1915 by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns to campaign for a constitutional amendment. Organized the Silent Sentinels. From 1913-1915 the same core group's name was the Congressional Union.
National Women's Rights Convention - a series of major U.S. organizing conventions, held from 1850 to 1869.
National Woman Suffrage Association - American organization founded in 1869 by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton after the split in the American Equal Rights Association, joined NAWSA in 1890.
New England Woman Suffrage Association (NEWSA) - formed in 1868 as the first major political organization with women's suffrage as its goal, active until 1920, principal leaders were Julia Ward Howe and Lucy Stone, played key role in forming the American Woman Suffrage Association
Silent Sentinels - Members of the National Woman's Party who picketed America's White House from Jan. 1917 to June 1919 during Woodrow Wilson's presidency and until the 19th Amendment was passed, initiated and led by Alice Paul.
Woman's Christian Temperance Union - active in the suffrage movement, especially in the U.S. and New Zealand.
Women's Franchise League - major British group created in 1889 by Emmeline Pankhurst.
Women's Freedom League - British group founded in 1907 by 70 members of the Women's Social and Political Union in a breakaway following rules changes by Christabel Pankhurst.
Women's Social and Political Union - a major suffrage organization in United Kingdom (breakaway from the National Union for Women's Suffrage).
Women's Trade Union League - American organization formed in 1903, later involved with the campaign for the 19th amendment.
Women's suffrage publications [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Yung, Judy (1995). Unbound Feet: A Social History of Chinese Women in San Francisco. University of California Press.