List of sugarcane diseases

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This article is a list of diseases of sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrids).

Bacterial diseases[edit]

Bacterial diseases
Gumming disease Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vasculorum
Leaf scald Xanthomonas albilineans
Mottled stripe Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans
Ratoon stunting disease Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli
Red stripe (top rot) Acidovorax avenae subsp. avenae

Fungal diseases[edit]

Fungal diseases
Banded sclerotial (leaf) disease

Thanatephorus cucumeris
= Pellicularia sasakii
Rhizoctonia solani [anamorph]

Black rot

Ceratocystis adiposa
Chalara sp. [anamorph]

Black stripe

Cercospora atrofiliformis

Brown spot

Cercospora longipes

Brown stripe

Cochliobolus stenospilus
Bipolaris stenospila [anamorph]

Downy mildew

Peronosclerospora sacchari
= Sclerospora sacchari

Downy mildew, leaf splitting form

Peronosclerospora miscanthi
= Sclerospora mischanthi
Mycosphaerella striatiformans

Eye spot

Bipolaris sacchari
= Helminthosporium sacchari

Fusarium sett and stem rot

Gibberella fujikuroi
Fusarium moniliforme [anamorph]
Gibberella subglutinans

Iliau

Clypeoporthe iliau
= Gnomonia iliau
Phaeocytostroma iliau [anamorph]

Leaf blast

Didymosphaeria taiwanensis

Leaf blight

Leptosphaeria taiwanensis
Stagonospora tainanensis [anamorph]

Leaf scorch

Stagonospora sacchari

Marasmius sheath and shoot blight

Marasmiellus stenophyllus
= Marasmius stenophyllus

Myriogenospora leaf binding (tangle top)

Myriogenospora aciculispora

Phyllosticta leaf spot

Phyllosticta hawaiiensis

Phytophthora rot of cuttings

Phytophthora spp.
Phytophthora megasperma

Pineapple disease

Ceratocystis paradoxa
Chalara paradoxa
= Thielaviopsis paradoxa [anamorph]

Pokkah boeng (that may have knife cut symptoms)

Gibberella fujikuroi
Fusarium moniliforme [anamorph]
Gibberella subglutinans

Red leaf spot (purple spot)

Dimeriella sacchari

Red rot

Glomerella tucumanensis
= Physalospora tucumanensis
Colletotrichum falcatum [anamorph]

Red rot of leaf sheath and sprout rot

Athelia rolfsii
= Pellicularia rolfsii
Sclerotium rolfsii [anamorph]

Red spot of leaf sheath

Mycovellosiella vaginae
= Cercospora vaginae

Rhizoctonia sheath and shoot rot

Rhizoctonia solani

Rind disease (sour rot)

Phaeocytostroma sacchari
= Pleocyta sacchari
= Melanconium sacchari

Ring spot

Leptosphaeria sacchari
Phyllosticta sp. [anamorph]

Root rots

Marasmius sacchari
Pythium arrhenomanes
Pythium graminicola
Rhizoctonia sp.
Unidentified Oomycete

Rust, common

Puccinia melanocephala
= Puccinia erianthi

Rust, orange

Puccinia kuehnii

Schizophyllum rot

Schizophyllum commune

Sclerophthora disease

Sclerophthora macrospora

Seedling blight

Alternaria alternata
Bipolaris sacchari
Cochliobolus hawaiiensis
Bipolaris hawaiiensis [anamorph]
Cochliobolus lunatus
Curvularia lunata [anamorph]
Curvularia senegalensis
Setosphaeria rostrata
Exserohilum rostratum [anamorph]
= Drechslera halodes

Sheath rot

Cytospora sacchari

Smut, culmicolous

Ustilago scitaminea

Target blotch

Helminthosporium sp.

Veneer blotch

Deightoniella papuana

White rash

Elsinoë sacchari
Sphaceloma sacchari [anamorph]

Wilt

Fusarium sacchari
= Cephalosporium sacchari

Yellow spot

Mycovellosiella koepkei
= Cercospora koepkei

Zonate leaf spot

Gloeocercospora sorghi

Miscellaneous diseases and disorders[edit]

Miscellaneous diseases and disorders
Bud proliferation Undetermined
Bunch top Undetermined
Cluster stool Undetermined
Internal stalk necrosis Undetermined
Leaf freckle Undetermined
Leaf stipple
Multiple buds Undetermined
Stem galls Undetermined

Nematodes, parasitic[edit]

Nematodes, parasitic
Lesion

Pratylenchus spp.

Root-knot

Meloidogyne spp.

Spiral

Helicotylenchus spp.
Rotylenchus spp.
Scutellonema spp.

Viral diseases[edit]

Viral diseases
Chlorotic streak Virus (assumed)
Dwarf Sugarcane dwarf virus
Fiji disease Sugarcane Fiji disease virus
Mosaic Sugarcane mosaic virus
Sereh Virus (assumed)
Streak disease Maize streak virus, sugarcane strain
Yellow Leaf Sugarcane Yellow Leaf Virus

Phytoplasma diseases[edit]

Phytoplasmas were previously known as 'mycoplasma-like organisms' (MLOs).[1][2]

Phytoplasma diseases
Grassy Shoot (SCGS),
Leaf Chlorosis,
Early Bud Sprouting,
Sugarcane Grassy Shoot Phytoplasma

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nasare, K., Yadav, Amit., Singh, A. K., Shivasharanappa, K. B., Nerkar, Y. S., and Reddy, V. S. Molecular and symptom analysis reveal the presence of new phytoplasmas associated with sugarcane grassy shoot disease in India. (2007). Plant Disease. 91:1413-1418.[1].
  2. ^ Rao, G. P. and Ford, R. E. (2000) Vectors of virus and Phytoplasma diseases of Sugarcane: An Overview. In: Sugarcane Pathology, Vol. III. Virus and Phytoplasma diseases, G.P. Rao, R.E. Ford, M. Tosic and D.S. Teakle (Eds) Science Publishers, Hamshere, USA, Pg: 265-314.

External links[edit]