List of sultans of the Seljuq Empire

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Sultan of the Seljuq Empire
Former Monarchy
Imperial
Büyük Selçuklu Sultanı Melikşah.jpg
Malik-Shah I
First monarch Toghrul-Beg
Last monarch Toghrul III
Style Sultan, Sultan es-Salatin, Shahanshah
Monarchy began 1037
Monarchy ended 1194

This is a list of sultans of the Seljuq Empire (1037-1194).

List of sultans[edit]

Laqab Given name Regnal name Birth Marriages Death
Rukn ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
رکن الدنیا والدین
Muhammad Toghrul-Beg
(1037 - 1063)
990 1) Altun Jan Khatun
(2) Aka
(daughter of Yusuf Qadir-Khan, Khagan of Kara-Khanid Khanate)
(3) Seyyedeh Fatima
(daughter of Al-Qa'im, Abbasid caliph)
4 September 1063
Diya ad-Din Adud ad-Dawlah
ضياء الدين عضد الدولة
Muhammad Alp Arslan
(1063 - 1072)
20 January 1029[1] Aka
(daughter of Yusuf Qadir-Khan, Khagan of Kara-Khanid Khanate, widow of Toghrul I)
15 December 1072
Muizz ad-Din Jalal ad-Dawlah
معز الدین جلال الدولة
Hasan Malik-Shah I
(1072 - 1092)
1055 1) Turkan Khatun
(daughter of Ibrahim Tamghach-Khan, Khagan of Western Kara-Khanid)
(2) Zubeida Khatun
(daughter of Yaquti ibn Chaghri-Beg)
19 November 1092
Nasir ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
ناصر الدنیا والدین
Mahmud I
(1092 - 1094)[2]
1087 or 1088[3] 1094
Rukn ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
رکن الدنیا والدین
Muhammad Barkiyaruq
(1094 - 1105)
1181[4] 1105
Rukn ad-Dunya wa ad-Din Jalal ad-Dawlah
رکن الدنیا والدین جلال الدولة
Malik-Shah II
(1105)
 ?  ?
Ghiyath ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
غیاث الدنیا والدین
Muhammad Tapar
(1105 - 1118)
January 1082[5] Jawhar Khatun April 1118[6]
Mughith ad-Dunya wa ad-Din Jalal ad-Dawlah
مغيث الدنیا والدین جلال الدولة
Mahmud II
(1118 - 1131)
1105 1) Mah-i Mulk
(daughter of Sanjar)
(2) Amir Siti Khatun
(daughter of Sanjar)
(3) Ata Khatun
(daughter of Khadija Arslan-Khatun bint Chaghri-Beg)
1131
Muizz ad-Dunya wa ad-Din Adud ad-Dawlah
معز الدنیا والدین عضد الدولة
Ahmad Sanjar
(1118 - 1153)
1085 1) Turkan Khatun
(daughter of Muhammad Arslan-Khan, Khagan of Western Kara-Khanid)
(2) Rusudan
(daughter of Demetrius I of Georgia)
8 May 1157
Ghiyath ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
غیاث الدنیا والدین
Dawud
(1131 - 1132)
 ? Jawhar Khatun
(daughter of Masud)
 ?
Rukn ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
رکن الدنیا والدین
Toghrul II
(1132 - 1134)[7]
1109[8] Mu'mine Khatun October/November 1134
Ghiyath ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
غیاث الدنیا والدین
Masud
(1134 - 1152)
1108 or 1109 1) Jawhar Khatun
(daughter of Sanjar)
(2) Zubeida Khatun
(daughter of Barkiyaruq)
(3) Mustazhiriyya
(daughter of Qawurd)
(4) Sufra
(daughter of Dubais)
(5) Arab-Khatun
13 September 1152
Muin ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
معين الدنیا والدین
Malik-Shah III
(1152 - 1153)
 ? 1160
Rukn ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
رکن الدنیا والدین
Muhammad-Shah
(1153 - 1159)
1128 1) Mahd Rafi Khatun
(daughter of Kirman-Shah ibn Arslan-Shah I)
(2) Jawhar Khatun
(daughter of Masud, widow of Dawud)
December 1159
Ghiyath ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
غیاث الدنیا والدین
Suleiman-Shah
(1159 - 1161)
 ? 1161
Muizz ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
معز الدنیا والدین
Arslan-Shah
(1161 - 1176)
 ? Kirmani Khatun 1176
Rukn ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
رکن الدنیا والدین
Toghrul III
(1176 - 1191)
1st reign
1168 or 1169 1194
Muzaffar ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
مظفر الدنیا والدین
Qizil Arslan
(1191)
 ? Inanj Khatun
(daughter of Sunqur-Inanj, ruler of Rey, widow of Muhammad ibn Ildeniz)
1191
Rukn ad-Dunya wa ad-Din
رکن الدنیا والدین
Toghrul III
(1192 - 1194)
2nd reign
1168 or 1169 1194

See also[edit]

References[edit]