List of sumo stables
The following is an alphabetical list of heya or training stables in professional sumo. Each belongs to one of six groups. These groups, led by the stable by which each group is named, are in order of size: Dewanoumi ichimon, Nishinoseki ichimon, Tokitsukaze ichimon, Takasago ichimon, Isegahama ichimon, and the splinter group led by Takanohana stable that broke off in in February 2010 after going against JSA accepted Board of Directors election procedures; see here. The founding dates listed below are for the current incarnation of each stable; in most cases this is not the first stable to exist under a given name, however.
The number of stables peaked at 54 with the opening of Onoe stable in August 2006, following which the Japan Sumo Association introduced new rules that September greatly raising the qualifications needed by ex–wrestlers wishing to branch out (namely, those ranked below yokozuna or ozeki must have spent at least 60 tournaments in the top makuuchi division or 25 in the titled sanyaku ranks). Discounting the special circumstances of the temporary closure of Kise stable from 2010 until 2012, there were no new stables established for more than six years, while eleven folded, bringing the number of active heya down to 43. This sequence was ended by the opening of former yokozuna Musashimaru's Musashigawa stable in April 2013.
Wrestlers listed in bold are still active.
Name Ichimon Year opened Some notable wrestlers
past and present
Other notable information Arashio Tokitsukaze 2002 Sōkokurai head is former Ōyutaka, made headlines when it welcomed back exonerated Sōkokurai in 2013 Asahiyama Isegahama 1896 Kōtetsuyama, Tokusegawa head is former Daiju, active in current incarnation since 1896 Asakayama Isegahama 2014 none as yet head is former Kaiō, all of its four wrestlers had winning records in stable's inaugural tournament, branched off from Tomozuna stable Azumazeki Takasago 1986 Akebono, Takamisakari head is former Ushiomaru, first stable founded by foreign born wrestler (former Takamiyama) Chiganoura Dewanoumi 2004 Masunoyama head is former Masudayama, branched off from Kasugano stable Dewanoumi Dewanoumi 1862 (c.) Chiyonoyama, Mainoumi, Mienoumi, Tochigiyama head is former Washūyama, demotion of its last sekitori left the stable without any sekitori for the first time since 1898 Fujishima Dewanoumi 1981 Dejima, Miyabiyama, Musashimaru, Shōtenrō, Wakanoyama head is former Musōyama, was the strongest stable in early 2000s, name was changed from its previous incarnation as Musashigawa Hakkaku Takasago 1993 Kaihō, Okinoumi head is former Hokutoumi, branched off from Kokonoe stable Irumagawa Dewanoumi 1993 Masatsukasa, Sagatsukasa, Yōtsukasa head is former Tochitsukasa, branched off from Kasugano stable Isegahama Isegahama 1979 Aminishiki, Asōfuji, Harumafuji, Takarafuji head is former Asahifuji, renamed from its original incarnation as Ajigawa stable Isenoumi Tokitsukaze 1949 Hattori, Ikioi, Kashiwado head is former Kitakachidoki, the Isenoumi name has one of the longest traditions in sumo Izutsu Tokitsukaze 1972 Kakuryū, Kirishima, Nishinoumi, Terao, Toyokuni head is former Sakahoko (former Terao's brother), stable has been in the same family on and off since the Meiji era. Kagamiyama Tokitsukaze 1970 Kagamiō head is former Tagaryū, currently smallest stable with two wrestlers, branched off from Isenoumi stable Kasugano Dewanoumi 1925 Aoiyama, Tochiōzan, Tochinoshin, Tochinowaka head is former Tochinowaka, active since the Meiji era, currently one of most successful stables Kasugayama Isegahama 1997 Kasugaō head is former Hamanishiki, has only produced one sekitori in its history Kataonami Nishonoseki 1961 Tamaasuka, Tamakiyama, Tamaryū, Tamawashi head is former Tamakasuga, branched off from Nishinoseki stable Kise Dewanoumi 2003 Gagamaru, Jōkōryū, Kiyoseumi, Tokushōryū head is former Higonoumi, was dissolved over a ticket selling scandal, then was allowed to reform 2 years later Kitanoumi Dewanoumi 1985 Hakurozan, Kitataiki head is former Kitanoumi, branched off from Mihogaseki, absorbed Hatachiyama stable in 2006 Kokonoe Takasago 1967 Chiyomaru,Chiyoōtori, Chiyonokuni, Chiyotaikai, Chiyotairyū head is former Chiyonofuji, currently one of most successful stables with 5 out of 15 wrestlers being sekitori Matsugane Nishonoseki 1990 Shōhōzan head is former Wakashimazu, branched off from Futagoyama stable Michinoku Tokitsukaze 1947 Hoshitango, Jūmonji, Ryūhō, Toyozakura head is former Kirishima, lost the largest number of wrestlers to the 2013 match fixing scandal Minato Tokitsukaze 1982 Ichinojō head is former Minatofuji, who is the only top division wrestler the stable has ever produced until Ichinojō in 2014. Minezaki Nishonoseki 1988 Arawashi head is former Misugiiso had never had a sekitori wrestler until absorbing Hanakago stable and inheriting Arawashi Miyagino Isegahama 1958 Daikihō, Hakuhō head is former Chikubayama, but in recent years has had a convoluted series of successions Musashigawa Dewanoumi 2013 none as yet head is former Musashimaru who is only the second foreigner to open his own stable Nishikido Takasago 2002 none as yet head is former Mitoizumi, home to the only Kazakh wrestler Oguruma Nishonoseki 1987 Takekaze, Wakakirin, Wakatoba, Yoshikaze head is former Kotokaze, branched off from Sadogatake stable, absorbed Oshiogawa stable in 2005 Oitekaze Isegahama 1998 Endō, Hamanishiki, Hayateumi, Kokkai head is former Daishōyama, who branched off from Tomozuna stable Onoe Dewanoumi 2006 Baruto, Satoyama, Tenkaihō, Yamamotoyama head is former Hamanoshima, branched off from Mihogaseki stable, lost three sekitori wrestlers due to match fixing scandal in 2011 Ōnomatsu Takanohana 1994 Daidō, Katayama, Wakakōyū head is former Masurao, forced out of Nishonoseki ichimon and joined Takanohana ichimon in 2010 Ōtake Takanohana 1971 Ōsunaarashi, Ōzutsu, Rohō head is former Dairyū, the previous head (former Takatōriki) was forced out in a gambling scandal Sadogatake Nishonoseki 1955 Hasegawa, Kotomitsuki, Kotoōshū, Kotonishiki, Kotoshōgiku, Kotoyūki head is former Kotonowaka, one of the most successful stables in recent years, with several wrestlers in makuuchi and san'yaku Sakaigawa Dewanoumi 1998 Gōeidō, Myōgiryū, Sadanofuji, Toyohibiki head is former Ryōgoku, one of the most successful current stables Shibatayama Nishonoseki 1999 Wakanoshima head is former Ōnokuni, in 2013 absorbed its parent stable (Hanaregoma), its only short-lived sekitori quit under acrimonious circumstances Shikihide Dewanoumi 1992 Senshō head is former Kitazakura, took almost 20 years to produce a sekitori in 2012 Shikoroyama Tokitsukaze 2004 Hōmashō head is former Terao, when he branched off from Izutsu stable, he unusually chose to start from scratch and take no wrestlers with him Tagonoura Nishonoseki 1989 Kisenosato, Rikiō, Takanoyama, Takayasu, Wakanosato head is former Takanotsuru, founded by yokozuna Takanosato but renamed from Naruto and moved to Ryōgoku following his death Takadagawa Nishonoseki 1974 Kenkō, Maenoshin head is former Akinoshima, stable was ousted from Takasago ichimon in 1998, finally accepted into Nishonoseki ichimon in 2013 Takanohana Takanohana 1962 Takanoiwa, Takanonami, Takanosato, Wakanohana II in 1990s it was a merger of two strong stables and was criticized for being too big and too strong, current incarnation is under Takanohana whose maverick style got his stable and others kicked out of their respective ichimon Takasago Takasago 1878 Asasekiryū, Asashōryū, Azumafuji, Konishiki, Maedayama, Takamiyama head is former Asashio, the second oldest and arguably one of the most successful stables throughout its history Tamanoi Dewanoumi 1990 Azumaryū, Fujiazuma, Yoshiazuma head is former Tochiazuma Daisuke, passed onto him by his father, the stable's founder Tochiazuma Tomoyori Tatsunami Takanohana 1916 Annenyama, Futabayama, Futahaguro, Haguroyama, Mōkonami head is former Asahiyutaka, one of the most prestigious stables in sumo but has had little success in recent years Tokitsukaze Tokitsukaze 1941 Kitabayama, Sotairyū, Tokitenkū, Tosayutaka, Toyonoshima head is former Tokitsuumi who took over when previous head (former Futatsuryū) went to prison for the death of a new recruit, currently one of the most successful stables Tomozuna Isegahama 1922 Kaisei, Kyokushūhō, Kyokutenhō, Sentoryū, Tachiyama head is former Kaiki, has a long and prestigious history
Recent mergers and closures
- Mihogaseki stable closes October 2013, wrestlers move to Kasugano stable
- Magaki stable closes March 2013, wrestlers move to Isegahama stable
- Hanaregoma stable closes February 2013, wrestlers move to Shibatayama stable
- Nishonoseki stable closes January 2013, remaining wrestlers retire, other personnel move to Matsugane stable
- Nakamura stable closes December 2012, wrestlers move to Azumazeki stable
- Hanakago stable closes May 2012, wrestlers move to Minezaki stable
- Ōshima stable closes April 2012, wrestlers move to Tomozuna stable
- Tagonoura stable closes February 2012, wrestlers move to Dewanoumi stable and Kasugano stable
- Takashima stable closes June 2011, head coach moves to Kasugayama stable
- Kiriyama stable closes January 2011, wrestlers move to Asahiyama stable
- Araiso stable closes September 2008, one remaining wrestler moves to Hanakago stable
- Isegahama stable closes February 2007, wrestlers move to Kiriyama stable
- Hatachiyama stable closes June 2006, wrestlers move to Kitanoumi stable
- Oshiogawa stable closes March 2005, wrestlers move to Oguruma stable
- Takekuma stable closes March 2004, no wrestlers are left but head coach moves to Tomozuna stable
- Kabutoyama stable closes December 2002, no wrestlers are left but head coach moves to Minato stable
- Wakamatsu stable merges with Takasago stable in February 2002
- Tatsutagawa stable closes November 2000, wrestlers move to Michinoku stable
- Kise stable closes February 2000, wrestlers move to Kiriyama stable
- Kumagatani stable closes April 1996, wrestlers move to Tatsunami stable
- Onaruto stable closes December 1994, wrestlers move to Kiriyama stable
Recent name changes
- Naruto stable is renamed Tagonoura stable in December 2013.
- Musashigawa stable is renamed Fujishima stable in September 2010.
- Ajigawa stable is renamed Isegahama stable in November 2007.
- Futagoyama stable is renamed Takanohana stable in February 2004.
- Taiho stable is renamed Ōtake stable in February 2003.
- Nakadachi stable is renamed Sakaigawa stable in January 2003.
- Heya (sumo)
- Glossary of sumo terms
- List of active sumo wrestlers
- List of past sumo wrestlers
- List of yokozuna