List of supercentenarians from the United States

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Walter Breuning, April 8, 2010, the second-oldest American-born man on record

This is a list of supercentenarians from the United States. According to the Gerontology Research Group (GRG), there have been over 700 verified American supercentenarians (people from the United States who have attained the age of at least 110 years).[1] As of July 11, 2014, the GRG lists 22 verified living supercentenarians.[2] The GRG lists people as living supercentenarians if their age has been "validated" and they have been confirmed to be alive within the past year.[2] In addition, 20 Americans listed are considered "pending" and 27 "unverified." The oldest living verified supercentenarian from the United States is Gertrude Weaver, aged 116 years, 7 days.[2] The oldest person ever from the United States was Sarah Knauss, who died on December 30, 1999, at age 119 years 97 days.[3][4][5][6]

Living American supercentenarians[edit]

Below is a list of the oldest living people from the United States. Those entries color-coded as verified have been validated by the Gerontology Research Group (GRG). Those color-coded as pending are backed by at least one document reviewed by the GRG supporting the reported age, but not the three necessary for validation by that institution. Those color-coded as unverified have submitted no documents to support the claimed age. All but four verified, pending, and unverified supercentenarians listed below are women.

      Verified       Pending       Unverified

Rank Name Sex Race Birthdate Age as of 11 July 2014 Birthplace Residence Age verified
1 Gertrude Weaver[7] F B/W/I July 4, 1898 116 years, 7 days Arkansas Arkansas Yes
2 Jeralean Talley[2] F B May 23, 1899 115 years, 49 days Georgia Michigan Yes
3 Susannah Mushatt Jones[2] F B July 6, 1899 115 years, 5 days Alabama New York Yes
4 Bernice Madigan[2] F W July 24, 1899 114 years, 352 days Massachusetts Massachusetts Yes
5 Antonia Gerena Rivera[2] F H May 19, 1900 114 years, 53 days Puerto Rico Florida Yes
6 Blanche Cobb[2] F B September 8, 1900 113 years, 306 days Georgia Florida Yes
7 Anna Stoehr[2] F W October 15, 1900 113 years, 269 days Iowa Minnesota Yes
8 Goldie Steinberg[2] F W October 30, 1900 113 years, 254 days Moldova[a] New York Yes
9 Ora Holland[2] F W December 24, 1900 113 years, 199 days Missouri Oklahoma Yes
10 Opal Thompson[2] F W January 13, 1901 113 years, 179 days Oklahoma California Yes
11 Dominga Velasco[2] F W May 12, 1901 113 years, 60 days Mexico California Yes
12 Ruby Clawson[2] F W July 15, 1901 112 years, 361 days Arkansas California Yes
Louise Senna[8] F W August 19, 1901 112 years, 326 days California California No
Ruth Newman[9] F W September 23, 1901 112 years, 291 days California California Pending
13 Emma Otis[2] F W October 22, 1901 112 years, 262 days Washington Washington Yes
14 Bertha Harris[2] F W January 3, 1902 112 years, 189 days Wisconsin Texas Yes
15 Kathleen Snavely[2] F W February 16, 1902 112 years, 145 days Ireland New York Yes
Goldie Michelson[10] F W August 8, 1902 111 years, 337 days Russia Massachusetts No
16 Helen Wheat[2] F W September 16, 1902 111 years, 298 days Pennsylvania Maryland Yes
17 Ida Schlesinger[2] F W November 7, 1902 111 years, 246 days Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Yes
18 Myrtle Clifton[2] F W November 19, 1902 111 years, 234 days Delaware Delaware Yes
Adele Dunlap[9] F W December 12, 1902 111 years, 211 days New Jersey New Jersey Pending
Giuseppina Campagna[11] F W January 1, 1903 111 years, 191 days Italy New York No
Irene Ciuffoletti[9] F W January 19, 1903 111 years, 173 days Italy Pennsylvania Pending
19 Vincenza Balassone-Colucci[2] F W January 24, 1903 111 years, 168 days Italy New York Yes
Marie Buckner[12] F B February 3, 1903 111 years, 158 days Virginia District of Columbia No
20 Helen Lettinga[2] F W February 6, 1903 111 years, 155 days Michigan Michigan Yes
Edith Erdman[9] F W February 13, 1903 111 years, 148 days Ohio Ohio Pending
Florence McKoy[9] F B February 23, 1903 111 years, 138 days North Carolina North Carolina Pending
21 Elizabeth Delaney[2] F W March 12, 1903 111 years, 121 days Pennsylvania Florida Yes
Mabel Wilson[9] F B March 18, 1903 111 years, 115 days Pennsylvania New Jersey Pending
22 Mayree Dougherty[2] F W March 31, 1903 111 years, 102 days Minnesota Colorado Yes
Mary Otway[9] F W April 4, 1903 111 years, 98 days Michigan Georgia Pending
Huang Zhang Jiao Xia[13] F O April 12, 1903 111 years, 90 days Taiwan California No
Goldie Miller[14][15] F W April 25, 1903 111 years, 77 days Maryland Maryland No
Lela Burden[9] F B May 7, 1903 111 years, 65 days Virginia Virginia Pending
Selma Gaetz[9] F W May 12, 1903 111 years, 60 days Canada California Pending
Louise Silva[16] F W June 7, 1903 111 years, 34 days Rhode Island Rhode Island No
Sai Vu[17] F O July 1, 1903 111 years, 10 days Vietnam Texas No
Arrelia High[9] F B July 2, 1903 111 years, 9 days North Carolina North Carolina Pending
Delphine Gibson[18] F B August 17, 1903 110 years, 328 days South Carolina Pennsylvania No
Ila Jones[9] F W August 21, 1903 110 years, 324 days Georgia Georgia Pending
Georgia Chorpening[19] F W September 6, 1903 110 years, 308 days Arkansas Florida No
Kathryn Geyer[9] F W September 15, 1903 110 years, 299 days Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Pending
Mary Ann Knight[20] F B October 3, 1903 110 years, 281 days Alabama Alabama No
Dorothy Plauman[21][22] F W October 13, 1903 110 years, 271 days Michigan Michigan No
Juanita Campbell[23] F W October 23, 1903 110 years, 261 days Tennessee Tennessee No
Mary West[24] F W October 23, 1903 110 years, 261 days Missouri Illinois No
Rosa Beckner[25] F W November 11, 1903 110 years, 242 days Virginia Virginia No
Foy Ingram[9] F W November 28, 1903 110 years, 225 days North Carolina North Carolina Pending
Ethel Boltz[9] F W December 2, 1903 110 years, 221 days West Virginia West Virginia Pending
Ada Cooper Miller[9] F W December 12, 1903 110 years, 211 days United Kingdom Ohio Pending
Katherine Coughlin[9] F W December 21, 1903 110 years, 202 days Rhode Island Rhode Island Pending
Icefene Thomas[9] F B December 24, 1903 110 years, 199 days Louisiana Louisiana Pending
James Richardson[26] M W January 2, 1904 110 years, 190 days Alabama Alabama No
Edna Lawler[27] F W January 13, 1904 110 years, 179 days Indiana Illinois No
Lorraine Coops[28] F W January 18, 1904 110 years, 174 days Nebraska California No
Conrad Johnson[9] M W January 19, 1904 110 years, 173 days Sweden Illinois Pending
Wash Wesley[9] M B January 21, 1904 110 years, 171 days Louisiana Illinois Pending
Grace Young[29] F W January 28, 1904 110 years, 164 days Pennsylvania Pennsylvania No
Alline Robideaux[9] F W February 5, 1904 110 years, 156 days Louisiana California Pending
Fanny Thornton[30] F B February 11, 1904 110 years, 150 days Georgia Georgia No
Anna Marie Mancuso[31] F W February 18, 1904 110 years, 143 days New York Utah No
Ardie Freeman[32][33] F B February 20, 1904 110 years, 141 days Tennessee Tennessee No
Mae Schrock[34] F W May 1, 1904 110 years, 71 days Illinois Illinois No
Eula Mae Prophitt[35][36] F W May 10, 1904 110 years, 62 days Alabama Alabama No
Vera Van Wagner[37] F W May 24, 1904 110 years, 48 days New York New York No
Lenora Morton[38] F B June 10, 1904 110 years, 31 days South Carolina New Jersey No
Helma Graham[39] F W June 28, 1904 110 years, 13 days New York Florida No

a^ Steinberg was born in Kishinev, which had then been a part of the Russian Empire; it is presently located in Moldova.

American emigrant supercentenarians[edit]

Rank Name Sex Race Birth date Reported age as of July 11, 2014 State of birth Country of residence Age verified
1 Merle Barwis[2] F W December 23, 1900 113 years, 200 days Iowa Canada Yes
2 Marie Josephine Gaudette[2] F W March 25, 1902 112 years, 108 days New Hampshire Italy Yes

American supercentenarians over 112-years-old[edit]

There have been 222 verified supercentenarians from the United States that have reached the age of 112 or more. Those entries listed as "verified" have been validated by the GRG. Those indicated as 'pending' are backed by at least one document reviewed by the GRG supporting the reported age, but not, the three necessary for validation by that institution. Those shown as 'disputed' are not backed by documentation supporting the reported age to the standards of the GRG. As of July 11, 2014, of the 39[40] verified living supercentenarians who have reached the age of 112+ in the world, 15 are residing in the United States.

      Deceased (verified)       Living (verified)       Pending

Rank Name Sex Race Birth date Day of death Reported age Birth place Place of death Verified
1 Sarah Knauss[1] F W September 24, 1880 December 30, 1999 119 years, 97 days Pennsylvania Pennsylvania
2 Lucy Hannah[1] F B July 16, 1875 March 21, 1993 117 years, 248 days Alabama Michigan
3 Elizabeth Bolden[1] F B August 15, 1890 December 11, 2006 116 years, 118 days Tennessee Tennessee
4 Besse Cooper[41] F W August 26, 1896 December 4, 2012 116 years, 100 days Tennessee Georgia
5 Gertrude Weaver[2] F B/W/I July 4, 1898 Living 116 years, 7 days Arkansas Living in Arkansas Yes
6 Maggie Barnes[1] F B March 6, 1882 January 19, 1998 115 years, 319 days North Carolina North Carolina
7 Dina Manfredini[41] F W April 4, 1897 December 17, 2012 115 years, 257 days Italy Iowa
8 Christian Mortensen[1] M W August 16, 1882 April 25, 1998 115 years, 252 days Denmark California
9 Edna Parker[42] F W April 20, 1893 November 26, 2008 115 years, 220 days Indiana Indiana
10 Margaret Skeete[1] F W October 27, 1878 May 7, 1994 115 years, 192 days Texas Virginia
11 Gertrude Baines[43] F B April 6, 1894 September 11, 2009 115 years, 158 days Georgia California
12 Bettie Wilson[1] F B September 13, 1890 February 13, 2006 115 years, 153 days Mississippi Mississippi
13 Susie Gibson[1] F W October 31, 1890 February 16, 2006 115 years, 108 days Mississippi Alabama
14 Augusta Holtz[9] F W August 3, 1871 October 21, 1986 115 years, 79 days Prussia[a] Missouri
15 Maude Farris-Luse[1] F W January 21, 1887 March 18, 2002 115 years, 56 days Michigan Michigan
16 Jeralean Talley[2] F B May 23, 1899 Living 115 years, 49 days Georgia Living in Michigan Yes
17 Susannah Mushatt Jones[2] F B July 6, 1899 Living 115 years, 5 days Alabama Living in New York Yes
18 Bernice Madigan[2] F W July 24, 1899 Living 114 years, 352 days Massachusetts Living in Massachusetts Yes
19 Mary Bidwell[1] F W May 19, 1881 April 25, 1996 114 years, 342 days Connecticut Connecticut
20 Mary Josephine Ray[44] F W May 17, 1895 March 7, 2010 114 years, 294 days Canada New Hampshire
21 Neva Morris[44] F W August 3, 1895 April 6, 2010 114 years, 246 days Iowa Iowa
22 Mathew Beard[1] M B July 9, 1870 February 16, 1985 114 years, 222 days Virginia Florida
23 Carrie Lazenby[1] F B February 9, 1882 September 14, 1996 114 years, 218 days Georgia Illinois
24 Myrtle Dorsey[1] F W November 22, 1885 June 25, 2000 114 years, 216 days Ohio Ohio
25 Walter Breuning[45] M W September 21, 1896 April 14, 2011 114 years, 205 days Minnesota Montana
26 Eunice Sanborn[45] F W July 20, 1896 January 31, 2011 114 years, 195 days Louisiana Texas
27 Grace Clawson[1] F W November 15, 1887 May 28, 2002 114 years, 194 days United Kingdom New York
28 Adelina Domingues[1] F W February 19, 1888 August 21, 2002 114 years, 183 days Cape Verde[b] California
Wilhelmina Kott[1] F W March 7, 1880 September 6, 1994 114 years, 183 days Illinois Illinois
30 Charlotte Benkner[1] F W November 26, 1889 May 14, 2004 114 years, 180 days Germany Ohio
31 Ettie Mae Greene[1] F W September 8, 1877 February 26, 1992 114 years, 171 days West Virginia West Virginia
32 Irene Frank[1] F W October 1, 1881 February 28, 1996 114 years, 150 days Texas Missouri
33 Olivia Patricia Thomas[43] F W June 29, 1895 November 16, 2009 114 years, 140 days Iowa New York
34 Anna Henderson[2] F B March 5, 1900 July 1, 2014 114 years, 118 days Georgia Pennsylvania
35 Emma Verona Johnston[1] F W August 6, 1890 December 1, 2004 114 years, 117 days Iowa Ohio
Mamie Rearden F B September 7, 1898 January 2, 2013 114 years, 117 days South Carolina South Carolina
37 Bettie Chatmon[1] F B April 30, 1884 August 16, 1998 114 years, 108 days Louisiana Texas
38 Odie Matthews[1] F W December 28, 1878 April 14, 1993 114 years, 107 days Texas Arizona
39 Florence Knapp[1] F W October 10, 1873 January 11, 1988 114 years, 93 days Pennsylvania Pennsylvania
Elena Slough[1] F W July 4, 1889 October 5, 2003 114 years, 93 days Pennsylvania New Jersey
41 Mary Anna Boone[1] F W February 10, 1887 May 13, 2001 114 years, 92 days Kentucky Kentucky
42 Delma Kollar[41] F W October 31, 1897 January 24, 2012 114 years, 85 days Kansas Oregon
43 Maggie Renfro[44] F B November 14, 1895 January 22, 2010 114 years, 69 days Louisiana Louisiana
44 Emma Tillman[1] F B November 22, 1892 January 28, 2007 114 years, 67 days North Carolina Connecticut
45 Leila Denmark[41] F W February 1, 1898 April 1, 2012 114 years, 60 days Georgia Georgia
46 Antonia Gerena Rivera[2] F H May 19, 1900 Living 114 years, 53 days Puerto Rico Living in Florida Yes
47 Naomi Conner[2] F B August 30, 1899 October 18, 2013 114 years, 49 days Texas Texas
48 Grace Thaxton[1] F W June 18, 1891 July 6, 2005 114 years, 18 days New York Kentucky
49 Soledad Mexia[2] F H/W August 13, 1899 August 30, 2013 114 years, 17 days Mexico California
50 Minnie Ward[1] F B November 19, 1885 December 2, 1999 114 years, 13 days Tennessee Massachusetts
51 Arbella Ewing[42] F B March 13, 1894 March 22, 2008 114 years, 9 days Texas Texas
52 Catherine Hagel[42] F W November 28, 1894 December 6, 2008 114 years, 8 days Minnesota Minnesota
53 Fred Hale[1] M W December 1, 1890 November 19, 2004 113 years, 354 days Maine New York
54 Miriam Carpelan[46] F W July 8, 1882 June 22, 1996 113 years, 350 days United Kingdom California
Elsie Thompson[2] F W April 5, 1899 March 21, 2013 113 years, 350 days Pennsylvania Florida
56 Bertha Fry[47] F W December 1, 1893 November 14, 2007 113 years, 348 days Indiana Indiana
57 Mae Harrington[1] F W January 20, 1889 December 29, 2002 113 years, 343 days New York New York
58 Daisey Bailey[44] F B March 30, 1896 March 7, 2010 113 years, 342 days Tennessee Michigan
59 Agatha Mitchell[1] F B March 26, 1887 February 25, 2001 113 years, 336 days Virginia Virginia
60 Clara Huhn[1] F W January 28, 1887 December 20, 2000 113 years, 327 days Nebraska California
61 Corinne Dixon Taylor[1] F B April 2, 1893 February 14, 2007 113 years, 318 days District of Columbia District of Columbia
62 Mary Christian[1] F W June 12, 1889 April 20, 2003 113 years, 312 days Massachusetts California
63 Blanche Cobb[2] F B September 8, 1900 Living 113 years, 306 days Georgia Living in Florida Yes
64 Evelyn Kozak[2] F W August 14, 1899 June 11, 2013 113 years, 301 days New York New York
65 Louisiana Hines[2] F B April 13, 1899 February 1, 2013 113 years, 294 days Alabama Michigan
66 Mississippi Winn[45] F B March 31, 1897 January 14, 2011 113 years, 289 days Louisiana Louisiana
67 Fannie Thomas[1] F W April 14, 1867 January 22, 1981 113 years, 283 days Illinois California
68 Johnson Parks[1] M B October 15, 1884 July 17, 1998 113 years, 275 days Georgia Florida
69 Mary Parr[1] F W January 29, 1889 October 29, 2002 113 years, 273 days Indiana Florida
70 Anna Stoehr[2] F W October 15, 1900 Living 113 years, 269 days Iowa Living in Minnesota Yes
71 Beatrice Farve[43] F B April 30, 1895 January 19, 2009 113 years, 264 days Georgia Georgia
72 Amalia Barone[1] F W October 6, 1884 June 26, 1998 113 years, 263 days Italy Connecticut
73 Zora Wriggle[1] F W February 24, 1880 November 7, 1993 113 years, 256 days Pennsylvania Pennsylvania
74 Goldie Steinberg[2] F W October 30, 1900 Living 113 years, 254 days Moldova[c] Living in New York Yes
75 John Ingram McMorran[1] M W June 19, 1889 February 24, 2003 113 years, 250 days Michigan Florida
76 Mary McKinney[1] F W May 30, 1873 February 2, 1987 113 years, 248 days California California
77 Ella Schuler[45] F W September 5, 1897 May 7, 2011 113 years, 244 days Nebraska Kansas
78 Gladys Swetland[1] F W April 18, 1892 December 14, 2005 113 years, 240 days Pennsylvania Pennsylvania
79 Mary Randall[1] F B April 1, 1887 November 12, 2000 113 years, 225 days Arkansas Texas
80 Delina Filkins[1] F W May 4, 1815 December 4, 1928 113 years, 214 days New York New York
81 Mary Kelly[48] F W June 7, 1851 December 30, 1964 113 years, 206 days Michigan California
82 Ora Holland[2] F W December 24, 1900 Living 113 years, 199 days Missouri Living in Oklahoma Yes
83 Nelle Hunt[1] F W July 28, 1887 February 8, 2001 113 years, 195 days Missouri Missouri
Helen Stetter[47] F W November 18, 1893 June 1, 2007 113 years, 195 days Nebraska Nebraska
85 Carrie Hardrick[1] F B November 6, 1887 May 14, 2001 113 years, 189 days Texas Texas
86 Mamie Eva Keith[1] F W March 22, 1873 September 20, 1986 113 years, 182 days Illinois Illinois
87 Opal Thompson[2] F W January 13, 1901 Living 113 years, 179 days Oklahoma Living in California Yes
88 Beryl Kapaun[41] F W June 4, 1899 November 7, 2012 113 years, 156 days South Dakota South Dakota
89 Emma Wilson[1] F W May 12, 1870 October 13, 1983 113 years, 154 days Missouri Missouri
90 Jane Markle[1] F W October 10, 1883 March 12, 1997 113 years, 153 days Pennsylvania Pennsylvania
81.5 Frances Street[9] F B March 28, 1897 August 24, 2010 113 years, 149 days South Carolina North Carolina Pending
81.7 Cora Wisner[9] F W January 10, 1888 June 6, 2001 113 years, 147 days Tennessee Tennessee Pending
91 Frederick Frazier[1] M W January 27, 1880 June 14, 1993 113 years, 138 days Alabama Alabama
92 Gertrude Croker[1] F W July 12, 1881 November 26, 1994 113 years, 137 days Iowa Vermont
93 Cleo Craig[1] F W February 12, 1890 June 28, 2003 113 years, 136 days Illinois Illinois
94 Frances Johns[1] F B February 3, 1886 May 24, 1999 113 years, 110 days Arkansas California
95 Aurelia Marotta[1] F W June 27, 1890 October 4, 2003 113 years, 99 days Massachusetts Massachusetts
96 Adelheid Kirschbaum[1] F W September 29, 1883 December 21, 1996 113 years, 83 days Germany New York
97 Nellie Spencer[1] F W August 24, 1869 November 13, 1982 113 years, 81 days New Hampshire New Jersey
98 Mary Crombie[1] F W July 6, 1890 September 22, 2003 113 years, 78 days Illinois Illinois
99 Delvina Dahlheimer[46] F W December 31, 1888 March 13, 2002 113 years, 72 days Minnesota Minnesota
100 Leila Backman Shull[47] F W October 16, 1894 December 22, 2007 113 years, 67 days South Carolina South Carolina
101 Betsy Baker[1] F W August 20, 1842 October 24, 1955 113 years, 65 days United Kingdom Nebraska
102 Dominga Velasco[2] F H/W May 12, 1901 Living 113 years, 60 days Mexico Living in California Yes
103 Cora Humphrey[1] F B September 4, 1879 November 1, 1992 113 years, 58 days Illinois New York
104 Hazel Luther[1] F W December 11, 1889 January 31, 2003 113 years, 51 days Massachusetts Florida
105 Ollie Bay[1] F W November 11, 1872 December 31, 1985 113 years, 50 days Illinois Illinois
106 Walter Richardson[1] M W November 7, 1885 December 25, 1998 113 years, 48 days Illinois Illinois
107 Hagar Young[45] F B October 11, 1898 November 25, 2011 113 years, 45 days Alabama Alabama
108 Flossie Eckard[1] F W July 25, 1888 August 25, 2001 113 years, 31 days Iowa California
109 Ito Konno Kinase[1] F O December 31, 1889 January 24, 2003 113 years, 24 days Japan Hawaii
Nettie Whittington[41] F B October 31, 1899 November 24, 2012 113 years, 24 days Mississippi Mississippi
111 Mary Will[2] F W October 15, 1900 November 2, 2013 113 years, 18 days North Carolina North Carolina
112 Daisy Sanders[1] F W November 28, 1881 December 10, 1994 113 years, 12 days Mississippi Florida
113 Ruby Clawson[2] F W July 15, 1901 Living 112 years, 361 days Arkansas Living in California Yes
114 Birdie May Vogt[1] F W August 3, 1876 July 23, 1989 112 years, 354 days Ohio Florida
115 Olive Alleshouse[46] F W June 7, 1882 May 13, 1995 112 years, 340 days Texas Illinois
Elsie Johnson Maney[47] F W March 28, 1894 March 3, 2007 112 years, 340 days North Carolina North Carolina
117 Ruby Drakeford[1] F W January 25, 1892 December 29, 2004 112 years, 339 days North Carolina North Carolina
118 Maggie Murdock[1] F B August 19, 1887 July 22, 2000 112 years, 338 days North Carolina North Carolina
119 Moses Hardy M B January 6, 1894 December 7, 2006 112 years, 335 days Mississippi Mississippi
120 Ella Gantt[1] F W November 30, 1888 October 28, 2001 112 years, 332 days Georgia Georgia
Elizabeth Stefan[42] F W May 13, 1895 April 9, 2008 112 years, 332 days Austria-Hungary[d] Connecticut
122 Grace Jones[1] F W June 4, 1893 April 24, 2006 112 years, 324 days Virginia Virginia
123 Edna Bowman[2] F W June 3, 1901 April 19, 2014 112 years, 320 days Maine North Carolina
124 C. Letitia Lawson[43] F W April 10, 1896 February 22, 2009 112 years, 318 days Iowa Iowa
125 Lillie Neff[1] F W May 9, 1888 February 27, 2001 112 years, 294 days Pennsylvania Pennsylvania
126 Irma Schmidt[45] F W October 7, 1898 July 25, 2011 112 years, 291 days Indiana Connecticut
148.5 Ruth Newman[9] F W September 23, 1901 Living 112 years, 291 days California Living in California Pending
127 Marietta Capizzi[2] F W January 30, 1901 November 10, 2013 112 years, 284 days Italy New York
128 Sadie B. Meyer[1] F W November 7, 1879 August 7, 1992 112 years, 274 days New Hampshire New Hampshire
129 Yettie Wilson[1] F B August 28, 1892 May 27, 2005 112 years, 272 days South Carolina New York
130 Florence Homan[1] F W November 18, 1893 August 13, 2006 112 years, 268 days Ohio Ohio
131 Emma Otis[2] F W October 22, 1901 Living 112 years, 262 days Washington Living in Washington Yes
132 Berna Dupertuis[1] F W September 21, 1888 June 6, 2001 112 years, 258 days South Dakota California
133 Flossie Page[1] F W June 12, 1893 February 22, 2006 112 years, 255 days Kansas Kansas
134 Marion Higgins[1] F W June 26, 1893 March 2, 2006 112 years, 249 days New York California
135 Katherine Jones[1] F B August 30, 1879 April 27, 1992 112 years, 241 days Kansas California
136 Jennie Houck[1] F W August 30, 1888 April 24, 2001 112 years, 237 days Texas Oklahoma
137 Bertha Flathers[1] F W March 30, 1885 November 21, 1997 112 years, 236 days Minnesota Minnesota
Mollie Wood[9] F W April 26, 1901 December 17, 2013 112 years, 235 days Virginia Virginia Pending
138 Luisa Sanchez[1] F H/B/I February 14, 1884 October 5, 1996 112 years, 234 days New York New York
139 Orpha Nusbaum[1] F W August 13, 1875 March 30, 1988 112 years, 230 days Indiana Indiana
140 Mary Margaret Smith[1] F W October 7, 1893 May 23, 2006 112 years, 228 days Pennsylvania Ohio
141 Emelie Weil[41] F W November 20, 1899 July 2, 2012 112 years, 225 days Kentucky Indiana
142 Lydia Newton[1] F W March 23, 1893 October 30, 2005 112 years, 221 days Illinois Arizona
143 Anne Christopher[47] F W March 4, 1895 October 10, 2007 112 years, 220 days South Carolina Georgia
144 Anna Balsiger[1] F W February 11, 1889 September 14, 2001 112 years, 215 days Wisconsin Wisconsin
145 Edna Taylor[1] F B July 12, 1890 February 10, 2003 112 years, 213 days New York New York
146 Margaret Russell[1] F W October 31, 1892 May 29, 2005 112 years, 210 days Oklahoma California
Inez Parker Jeffus[1] F W March 20, 1894 October 16, 2006 112 years, 210 days Texas Texas
148 Florence Poe[44] F W August 24, 1897 March 21, 2010 112 years, 209 days Missouri Missouri
149 Victoria Evinger[1] F W February 1, 1883 August 26, 1995 112 years, 206 days Indiana Indiana
150 Mary Stout[1] F W June 4, 1883 December 25, 1995 112 years, 204 days Kansas Illinois
Susana Lynn[1] F B December 9, 1888 July 1, 2001 112 years, 204 days Texas Kansas
George Francis[42] M B June 6, 1896 December 27, 2008 112 years, 204 days Louisiana California
James M. King[9] M W November 15, 1854 June 5, 1967 112 years, 202 days Arkansas Louisiana Pending
153 Elizabeth Fisher[1] F W January 15, 1884 August 3, 1996 112 years, 201 days Minnesota Washington
Louisa Delfino[1] F W December 10, 1886 June 29, 1999 112 years, 201 days Italy Ohio
155 Amelia England[41] F W May 15, 1900 November 30, 2012 112 years, 199 days United Kingdom Massachusetts
156 Mary Arp[1] F W July 4, 1885 January 18, 1998 112 years, 198 days Iowa South Dakota
157 Sammie Howe[1] F W March 7, 1887 September 12, 1999 112 years, 189 days Alabama Florida
Bertha Harris[2] F W January 3, 1902 Living 112 years, 189 days Wisconsin Living in Texas Yes
159 Ruth Bruce[45] F B October 8, 1898 April 8, 2011 112 years, 182 days South Carolina North Carolina
160 Delcia Sockwell[1] F B March 7, 1888 September 4, 2000 112 years, 181 days Arkansas Arkansas
148.8 Ruth Stamps[9] F B May 22, 1896 November 8, 2008 112 years, 170 days North Carolina Ohio Pending
148.8 Melinda Harris[9] F B May 4, 1898 October 20, 2010 112 years, 169 days North Carolina North Carolina Pending
161 Martha Williams[1] F B September 12, 1889 February 24, 2002 112 years, 165 days Arkansas Arkansas
162 Hattie Lafayette[43] F B March 30, 1897 September 10, 2009 112 years, 164 days Alabama Mississippi
163 John Painter[1] M W September 20, 1888 March 1, 2001 112 years, 162 days Tennessee Tennessee
Susie Waller[1] F W May 26, 1890 November 4, 2002 112 years, 162 days Iowa California
165 Florence Busch[43] F W August 13, 1896 January 21, 2009 112 years, 161 days Wisconsin Wisconsin
166 Nellie Cross[1] F W October 28, 1889 April 3, 2002 112 years, 157 days Iowa Iowa
167 Meta Ilten[41] F W September 7, 1899 February 9, 2012 112 years, 155 days Iowa Iowa
168 Nellie Richards[1] F W August 14, 1885 January 13, 1998 112 years, 152 days New York New Hampshire
Martele Murphy[1] F W January 5, 1886 June 6, 1998 112 years, 152 days Maine Massachusetts
170 Hattie Stone[49] F W August 17, 1867 January 13, 1980 112 years, 149 days California California
Ruth Anderson[45] F W July 24, 1899 December 20, 2011 112 years, 149 days Minnesota Minnesota
Clara Mackenzie[9] F W October 7, 1885 March 5, 1998 112 years, 149 days Canada New York Pending
172 Maude Ross[1] F W January 13, 1880 June 9, 1992 112 years, 148 days Ohio Missouri
173 Elzona Moxey[1] F W November 30, 1875 April 25, 1988 112 years, 147 days Kentucky Oklahoma
174 Berta Rosenberg[43] F W September 5, 1896 January 28, 2009 112 years, 145 days Germany New York
Kathleen Snavely[2] F W February 16, 1902 Living 112 years, 145 days Ireland Living in New York Yes
176 Elma Corning[1] F W February 22, 1892 July 12, 2004 112 years, 141 days Iowa California
177 Mary Bittlebrun[1] F W March 19, 1864 August 6, 1976 112 years, 140 days Illinois Arkansas
178 Alphaeus Philemon Cole[1] M W July 12, 1876 November 25, 1988 112 years, 136 days New Jersey New York
179 Esther Ecklund[2] F W October 28, 1901 March 12, 2014 112 years, 135 days Sweden California
180 Fannie Adler Greenberg[47] F W May 24, 1895 October 5, 2007 112 years, 134 days Canada New York
181 Emma Yager[1] F W November 12, 1889 March 16, 2002 112 years, 124 days New York New York
182 Mary Penamon[1] F B October 18, 1881 February 18, 1994 112 years, 123 days Mississippi Tennessee
183 George Johnson[1] M B/W May 1, 1894 August 30, 2006 112 years, 121 days Pennsylvania California
184 Onie Ponder[44] F W September 3, 1898 December 31, 2010 112 years, 119 days Florida Florida
185 Jessie Mae Kettering[1] F W January 17, 1888 May 11, 2000 112 years, 115 days Iowa Iowa
186 Ada Killian[1] F ? August 1, 1873 November 17, 1985 112 years, 108 days Indiana Missouri
187 Mary Phelps[41] F W August 5, 1900 November 19, 2012 112 years, 106 days Pennsylvania Ohio
188 Velma Curvey[44] F W September 15, 1898 December 24, 2010 112 years, 100 days Illinois Illinois
189 Anna Brown[1] F B September 29, 1884 January 5, 1997 112 years, 98 days Alabama Florida
190 Salustiano Sanchez[2] M W June 8, 1901 September 13, 2013 112 years, 97 days Spain New York
191 Rosaria Caleca[47] F W February 5, 1895 May 6, 2007 112 years, 90 days Italy New York
Beatrice Cooper[43] F W February 3, 1897 May 4, 2009 112 years, 90 days Michigan Michigan
193 Mable Ragan[2] F W February 1, 1901 April 30, 2013 112 years, 88 days Nebraska Nebraska
194 Brigida Dearroyo[1] F H October 7, 1888 December 31, 2000 112 years, 85 days Puerto Rico New Jersey
195 Maggie James[41] F B March 10, 1900 June 1, 2012 112 years, 83 days Virginia Virginia
196 Amy Harris[1] F W November 6, 1881 January 26, 1994 112 years, 81 days Arkansas California
Grace Styck[1] F W December 15, 1893 March 6, 2006 112 years, 81 days Illinois Illinois
198 Melvina Richardson[1] F B January 11, 1889 March 31, 2001 112 years, 79 days Indiana Indiana
199 Charlotte Flowers[41] F B February 20, 1900 May 4, 2012 112 years, 74 days Florida Florida
186.5 Roberta Brittain[9] F B May 31, 1896 August 10, 2008 112 years, 71 days Alabama Illinois Pending
200 Agnes Ferron[1] F W November 13, 1893 January 18, 2006 112 years, 66 days Kansas Nebraska
201 Nyleptha Roberts[44] F W March 12, 1898 May 5, 2010 112 years, 54 days Tennessee Tennessee
202 Emma Carroll[47] F W May 18, 1895 July 10, 2007 112 years, 53 days Iowa Iowa
203 Minerva Bedford[1] F B September 13, 1886 November 4, 1998 112 years, 52 days Kentucky Kentucky
204 Kathryn Gemme[1] F W November 9, 1894 December 29, 2006 112 years, 50 days Massachusetts Massachusetts
205 Mamie Lou McGoogan[1] F W January 12, 1892 March 1, 2004 112 years, 49 days Louisiana Arkansas
Martha Wiley[50] F W August 28, 1894 October 16, 2006 112 years, 49 days Georgia Texas
193.5 Pearl Cornelsen[9] F W December 25, 1900 February 11, 2013 112 years, 48 days Nebraska California Pending
207 J. Reeta Jones[44] F W October 17, 1898 December 1, 2010 112 years, 45 days Tennessee North Carolina
208 Jessie Penn[1] F W May 18, 1889 June 30, 2001 112 years, 43 days Alabama Alabama
Geneva McNicholl[1] F W December 10, 1889 January 2, 2002 112 years, 43 days Oregon Oregon
210 Bertha Blair[1] F W December 30, 1875 February 9, 1988 112 years, 41 days Iowa California
211 Antoinette Huber[51] F W January 22, 1880 March 1, 1992 112 years, 39 days Ohio Ohio
212 Claire Dunning[1] F W August 20, 1878 September 27, 1990 112 years, 38 days New York Florida
213 Mary Gentry[43] F W September 4, 1897 October 6, 2009 112 years, 32 days Alabama Alabama
Corinne Lambeth[9] F W March 19, 1884 April 20, 1996 112 years, 32 days Illinois Texas Pending
214 Ethel Robison[1] F W June 2, 1894 July 3, 2006 112 years, 31 days Missouri Missouri
215 Emma Castilla Bowen[1] F W March 2, 1889 March 29, 2001 112 years, 27 days Illinois Illinois
Marcella Humphrey[1] F W October 25, 1892 November 21, 2004 112 years, 27 days Wisconsin Michigan
217 Lydia Carvalho[1] F W January 21, 1892 February 15, 2004 112 years, 25 days Rhode Island Connecticut
218 Anna Lou Shively[1] F W May 14, 1880 June 7, 1992 112 years, 24 days Indiana Pennsylvania
219 Mary Phil Cota[1] F W July 5, 1870 July 22, 1982 112 years, 17 days California California
220 Lake Dickson[43] F W January 19, 1897 January 30, 2009 112 years, 11 days North Carolina North Carolina
221 Emma Vanderkarr[1] F W November 29, 1869 December 5, 1981 112 years, 6 days New York Virginia
222 James Wiggins[1] M B October 15, 1879 October 16, 1991 112 years, 1 day Arkansas Arkansas

a^ Holtz was born in the Province of Posen, which was a part of the German Empire at the time of her birth. Today, this area is a part of Poland.
b^ Domingues was born in Cape Verde, which was at that time a Portuguese colony. Now it is an independent country.
c^ Steinberg was born in Kishinev, which had then been a part of the Russian Empire; it is currently located in Moldova.
d^ Stefan was born in Siebenbürgen, which was then part of Austria-Hungary. It is now in Romania.

American emigrant supercentenarians over 112-years-old[edit]

Rank Name Sex Race Birth date Death date Age State of birth Country of death Verified
1 Merle Barwis[2] F W December 23, 1900 Living 113 years, 200 days Iowa Living in Canada
2 Cora Hansen[41] F W March 25, 1899 April 18, 2012 113 years, 24 days Minnesota Canada
3 Marie Josephine Gaudette[2] F W March 25, 1902 Living 112 years, 108 days New Hampshire Living in Italy

Oldest living American by state[edit]

This is a list of the oldest living people in America by state. Those entries color-coded as "verified" have been validated by the GRG. Those color-coded as 'pending' are backed by at least one document reviewed by the GRG supporting the reported age, but not the three necessary for validation by that institution. Those color-coded as 'unverified' are not (yet) backed by documentation supporting the reported age to the standards of the GRG.

      Under 110       Verified       Pending       Unverified

State Name Sex Race Reported birth date Reported age
as of July 11, 2014
Verified
Alabama Mary Ann Knight[52] F B October 3, 1903 110 years, 281 days No
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas Gertrude Weaver[2] F B/W/I July 4, 1898 116 years, 7 days Yes
California Opal Thompson[2] F W January 13, 1901 113 years, 179 days Yes
Colorado Mayree Dougherty[2] F W March 31, 1903 111 years, 102 days Yes
Connecticut
Delaware Myrtle Clifton[2] F W November 19, 1902 111 years, 234 days Yes
District of Columbia Marie Buckner[12] F B February 3, 1903 111 years, 158 days No
Florida Antonia Gerena Rivera[2] F H May 19, 1900 114 years, 53 days Yes
Georgia Mary Otway[9] F W April 4, 1903 111 years, 98 days Pending
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois Mary West[53] F W October 23, 1903 110 years, 261 days No
Indiana
Iowa Anonymous[54] ? ? 1903 110 years, 212 days No
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana Icefene Thomas[9] F B December 24, 1903 110 years, 199 days Pending
Maine
Maryland Helen Wheat[2] F W September 16, 1902 111 years, 298 days Yes
Massachusetts Bernice Madigan[2] F W July 24, 1899 114 years, 352 days Yes
Michigan Jeralean Talley[2] F B May 23, 1899 115 years, 49 days Yes
Minnesota Anna Stoehr[2] F W October 15, 1900 113 years, 269 days Yes
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey Adele Dunlap[9] F W December 12, 1902 111 years, 211 days Pending
New Mexico
New York Susannah Mushatt Jones[2] F B July 6, 1899 115 years, 5 days Yes
North Carolina Florence McKoy[9] F B February 23, 1903 111 years, 138 days Pending
North Dakota
Ohio Edith Erdman[9] F W February 13, 1903 111 years, 148 days Pending
Oklahoma Ora Holland[9] F W December 24, 1900 113 years, 199 days Yes
Oregon
Pennsylvania Ida Schlesinger[2] F W November 7, 1902 111 years, 246 days Yes
Rhode Island Louise Silva[55] F W June 7, 1903 111 years, 34 days No
South Carolina
South Dakota Dolly Keehn[56][57] F W March 11, 1905 109 years, 122 days No
Tennessee Juanita Campbell[58] F W October 23, 1903 110 years, 261 days No
Texas Bertha Harris[2] F W January 3, 1902 112 years, 189 days Yes
Utah Anna Marie Mancuso[59][60] F W February 18, 1904 110 years, 143 days No
Vermont Luella Butler[61] F W June 19, 1909 105 years, 22 days No
Virginia Lela Burden[9] F B May 7, 1903 111 years, 65 days Pending
Washington Emma Otis[2] F W October 22, 1901 112 years, 262 days Yes
West Virginia Ethel Boltz[9] F W December 2, 1903 110 years, 221 days Pending
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Oldest American by state[edit]

This is a list of the oldest people (women and men) by birth from each U.S. state. States farther west have fewer verified recordholders.[49][62] Those entries color-coded as "verified" have been validated by GRG. Those color-coded as "pending" are backed by at least one document reviewed by the GRG supporting the reported age, but not the three necessary for validation by that institution. Those color-coded as 'unverified' are not (yet) backed by documentation supporting the reported age to the standards of the GRG.

      Deceased (verified)/Under 110       Living (verified)       Pending

State Name Sex Race Birth date Death date Age at death
Alabama Lucy Hannah F B July 16, 1875 March 21, 1993 117 years, 248 days
Frederick Frazier M W January 27, 1880 June 14, 1993 113 years, 138 days
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas Gertrude Weaver F B/W/I July 4, 1898 Living 116 years, 7 days
James M. King M W November 15, 1854 June 5, 1967 112 years, 202 days
California Mary McKinney F W May 30, 1873 February 2, 1987 113 years, 248 days
Sidney Amber M W January 26, 1886 November 17, 1995 109 years, 295 days
Colorado Frankie Jones F W November 16, 1892 January 31, 2004 111 years, 76 days
Connecticut Mary Bidwell F W May 19, 1881 April 25, 1996 114 years, 342 days
Delaware Myrtle Clifton F W November 19, 1902 Living 111 years, 234 days
District of Columbia Corinne Dixon Taylor F B April 2, 1893 February 14, 2007 113 years, 318 days
Ernest Pusey M W May 5, 1895 November 19, 2006 111 years, 198 days
Florida Onie Ponder F W September 3, 1898 December 31, 2010 112 years, 119 days
Georgia Gertrude Baines F B April 6, 1894 September 11, 2009 115 years, 158 days
Johnson Parks M B October 15, 1884 July 17, 1998 113 years, 275 days
Hawaii Hitoyo Mori F O February 10, 1902 February 1, 2012 109 years, 356 days
Idaho Elsie Golcher F W November 29, 1891 March 2, 2003 111 years, 93 days
Illinois Wilhelmina Kott F W March 7, 1880 September 6, 1994 114 years, 183 days
Walter Richardson M W November 7, 1885 December 25, 1998 113 years, 48 days
Indiana Edna Parker F W April 20, 1893 November 26, 2008 115 years, 220 days
Shelby Harris M B March 31, 1901 July 25, 2012 111 years, 116 days
Iowa Neva Morris F W August 3, 1895 April 6, 2010 114 years, 246 days
Earl Brush M W July 17, 1893 January 10, 2005 111 years, 177 days
Kansas Delma Kollar F W October 31, 1897 January 24, 2012 114 years, 85 days
Benjamin Harrison Holcomb M W July 3, 1889 December 2, 2000 111 years, 152 days
Kentucky Mary Anna Boone F W February 10, 1887 May 13, 2001 114 years, 92 days
Robert Alexander Early M W October 8, 1849 October 9, 1960 111 years, 1 day
Louisiana Eunice Sanborn F W July 20, 1896 January 31, 2011 114 years, 195 days
George Francis M B June 6, 1896 December 27, 2008 112 years, 204 days
Maine Fred Hale M W December 1, 1890 November 19, 2004 113 years, 354 days
Edna Bowman F W June 3, 1901 April 19, 2014 112 years, 320 days
Maryland Pearl Bradford F W March 22, 1892 November 20, 2003 111 years, 243 days
Zachariah Blackistone M W February 16, 1871 April 18, 1982 111 years, 61 days
Massachusetts Bernice Madigan F W July 24, 1899 Living 114 years, 352 days
Michigan Maude Farris-Luse F W January 21, 1887 March 18, 2002 115 years, 56 days
John Ingram McMorran M W June 19, 1889 February 24, 2003 113 years, 250 days
Minnesota Walter Breuning M W September 21, 1896 April 14, 2011 114 years, 205 days
Catherine Hagel F W November 28, 1894 December 6, 2008 114 years, 8 days
Mississippi Bettie Wilson F B September 13, 1890 February 13, 2006 115 years, 153 days
Moses Hardy M B January 6, 1894 December 7, 2006 112 years, 335 days
Missouri Ora Holland F W December 24, 1900 Living 113 years, 199 days
Garland Adair M W July 30, 1898 December 11, 2009 111 years, 134 days
Montana Emma Taylor F W September 1, 1891 June 24, 2003 111 years, 282 days
Nebraska Clara Huhn F W January 28, 1887 December 20, 2000 113 years, 327 days
Luther Goding M W July 1, 1884 December 5, 1995 111 years, 157 days
Nevada
New Hampshire Nellie Spencer F W August 24, 1869 November 13, 1982 113 years, 81 days
New Jersey Alphaeus Philemon Cole M W July 12, 1876 November 25, 1988 112 years, 136 days
Melva Radcliffe[63] F W March 3, 1901 August 31, 2012 111 years, 181 days
New Mexico Dora McRae F W August 29, 1899 September 10, 2010 111 years, 28 days
New York Grace Thaxton F W June 18, 1891 July 6, 2005 114 years, 18 days
John Quincy Post M W June 7, 1884 May 23, 1995 110 years, 350 days
North Carolina Maggie Barnes F B March 6, 1882 January 19, 1998 115 years, 319 days
Aaron Bazemore M B February 20, 1881 April 10, 1992 111 years, 50 days
North Dakota Mary Schumacher F W August 29, 1898 October 29, 2009 111 years, 61 days
Ohio Myrtle Dorsey F W November 22, 1885 June 25, 2000 114 years, 216 days
Walter H. Seward M W October 13, 1896 September 14, 2008 111 years, 337 days
Oklahoma Opal Thompson F W January 13, 1901 Living 113 years, 179 days
Otis Clark M B February 13, 1903 May 21, 2012 109 years, 98 days
Oregon Geneva McNicholl F W December 10, 1889 January 22, 2002 112 years, 43 days
Pennsylvania Sarah Knauss F W September 24, 1880 December 30, 1999 119 years, 97 days
George Johnson M BW May 1, 1894 August 30, 2006 112 years, 121 days
Rhode Island Lydia Carvalho F W January 21, 1892 February 15, 2004 112 years, 25 days
South Carolina Mamie Rearden F B September 7, 1898 January 2, 2013 114 years, 117 days
Ernest Peronneau M B March 6, 1903 March 26, 2014 111 years, 20 days
South Dakota Beryl Kapaun F W June 4, 1899 November 7, 2012 113 years, 156 days
Tennessee Elizabeth Bolden F B August 15, 1890 December 11, 2006 116 years, 118 days
John Painter M W September 20, 1888 March 1, 2001 112 years, 162 days
Texas Margaret Skeete F W October 27, 1878 May 7, 1994 115 years, 192 days
William Fullingim M W July 7, 1855 August 6, 1965 110 years, 30 days
Utah Cleo Hinckley F W October 13, 1890 September 30, 2002 111 years, 352 days
Vermont Jessica Swift F W September 17, 1871 January 2, 1982 110 years, 107 days
Virginia Mathew Beard M B July 9, 1870 February 16, 1985 114 years, 222 days
Agatha Mitchell F B March 26, 1887 February 25, 2001 113 years, 336 days
Washington Emma Otis F W October 22, 1901 Living 112 years, 262 days
West Virginia Ettie Mae Greene F W September 8, 1877 February 26, 1992 114 years, 171 days
Wisconsin Anna Balsiger F W February 11, 1889 September 14, 2001 112 years, 215 days
Wyoming

Territories[edit]

Territory Name Sex Race Birth date Death date Age at death
Puerto Rico Emiliano Mercado del Toro M H August 21, 1891 January 24, 2007 115 years, 156 days
Ramona Trinidad Iglesias-Jordan F W August 31, 1889 May 29, 2004 114 years, 272 days
US Virgin Islands Ursula Krigger F B April 22, 1902 Living 112 years, 80 days

Chronological list of the oldest living person in the United States since 1974[edit]

Those entries color-coded as "verified" have been validated by the GRG. Those color-coded as 'pending' are backed by at least one document reviewed by the GRG supporting the reported age, but not the three necessary for validation by that institution. Those color-coded as 'unverified' are not (yet) backed by documentation supporting the reported age to the standards of the GRG.

      Deceased (Verified)       Living (Verified)       Pending

From To Name Sex Race Reported age(s)
when oldest
Reported lifespan State of death
Unidentified May 18, 1974 Clarida Roy F W ? – 110 October 19, 1863 – May 18, 1974
110 years, 211 days
Maine
May 18, 1974 August 5, 1976
(2 years, 80 days)
Mary Bittlebrun F W 110 – 112 March 19, 1864 – August 6, 1976
112 years, 140 days
Arkansas
August 6, 1976 December 2, 1977
(1 year, 118 days)
Sophia DeMuth F W 110 – 111 June 30, 1866 – December 2, 1977
111 years, 155 days
Nebraska
December 2, 1977 January 31, 1978
(60 days)
Alma Abernathy[64] F W 110 – 111 December 7, 1866 – January 31, 1978
111 years, 55 days
Indiana
January 31, 1978 January 22, 1981
(2 years, 357 days)
Fannie Thomas F W 110 – 113 April 14, 1867 – January 22, 1981
113 years, 283 days
California
January 22, 1981 November 13, 1982
(1 year, 295 days)
Nellie Spencer F W 111 – 113 August 24, 1869 – November 13, 1982
113 years, 81 days
New Jersey
November 13, 1982 October 13, 1983
(334 days)
Emma Wilson F W 112 – 113 May 12, 1870 – October 13, 1983
113 years, 154 days
Missouri
October 13, 1983 February 16, 1985
(1 year, 126 days)
Mathew Beard M B 113 – 114 July 9, 1870 – February 16, 1985
114 years, 222 days
Florida
February 16, 1985 October 21, 1986
(1 year, 247 days)
Augusta Holtz F W 113 – 115 August 3, 1871 – October 21, 1986
115 years, 79 days
Missouri
October 21, 1986 February 2, 1987
(104 days)
Mary McKinney F W 113 May 30, 1873 – February 2, 1987
113 years, 248 days
California
February 2, 1987 January 11, 1988
(343 days)
Florence Knapp F W 113 – 114 October 10, 1873 – January 11, 1988
114 years, 93 days
Pennsylvania
January 11, 1988 March 21, 1993
(5 years, 69 days)
Lucy Hannah F B 112 – 117 July 16, 1875 – March 21, 1993
117 years, 248 days
Michigan
March 21, 1993 May 7, 1994
(1 year, 47 days)
Margaret Skeete F W 114 – 115 October 27, 1878 – May 7, 1994
115 years, 192 days
Virginia
May 7, 1994 September 6, 1994
(122 days)
Wilhelmina Kott F W 114 March 7, 1880 – September 6, 1994
114 years, 183 days
Illinois
September 6, 1994 December 30, 1999
(5 years, 115 days)
Sarah Knauss F W 113 – 119 September 24, 1880 – December 30, 1999
119 years, 97 days
Pennsylvania
December 30, 1999 June 25, 2000
(178 days)
Myrtle Dorsey F W 114 November 22, 1885 – June 25, 2000
114 years, 216 days
Ohio
June 25, 2000 March 18, 2002
(1 year, 266 days)
Maude Farris-Luse F W 113 – 115 January 21, 1887 – March 18, 2002
115 years, 56 days
Michigan
March 18, 2002 May 28, 2002
(71 days)
Grace Clawson F W 114 November 15, 1887 – May 28, 2002
114 years, 194 days
Florida
May 28, 2002 August 21, 2002
(85 days)
Adelina Domingues F W 114 February 19, 1888 – August 21, 2002
114 years, 183 days
California
August 21, 2002 December 29, 2002
(130 days)
Mae Harrington F W 113 January 20, 1889 – December 29, 2002
113 years, 343 days
New York
December 29, 2002 April 20, 2003
(112 days)
Mary Christian F W 113 June 12, 1889 – April 20, 2003
113 years, 312 days
California
April 20, 2003 October 5, 2003
(168 days)
Elena Slough F W 113 – 114 July 4, 1889 – October 5, 2003
114 years, 93 days
New Jersey
October 5, 2003 May 14, 2004
(222 days)
Charlotte Benkner F W 113 – 114 November 16, 1889 – May 14, 2004
114 years, 180 days
Ohio
May 14, 2004 December 1, 2004
(201 days)
Emma Verona Johnston F W 113 – 114 August 6, 1890 – December 1, 2004
114 years, 117 days
Ohio
December 1, 2004 December 11, 2006
(2 years, 10 days)
Elizabeth Bolden F B 114 – 116 August 15, 1890 – December 11, 2006
116 years, 118 days
Tennessee
December 11, 2006 January 28, 2007
(48 days)
Emma Tillman F B 114 November 22, 1892 – January 28, 2007
114 years, 67 days
Connecticut
January 28, 2007 February 14, 2007
(17 days)
Corinne Dixon Taylor F B 113 April 2, 1893 – February 14, 2007
113 years, 318 days
District of Columbia
February 14, 2007 November 26, 2008
(1 year, 286 days)
Edna Parker F W 113 – 115 April 20, 1893 – November 26, 2008
115 years, 220 days
Indiana
November 26, 2008 September 11, 2009
(289 days)
Gertrude Baines F B 114 – 115 April 6, 1894 – September 11, 2009
115 years, 158 days
California
September 11, 2009 March 7, 2010
(177 days)
Mary Josephine Ray F W 114 May 17, 1895 – March 7, 2010
114 years, 294 days
New Hampshire
March 7, 2010 April 6, 2010
(30 days)
Neva Morris F W 114 August 3, 1895 – April 6, 2010
114 years, 246 days
Iowa
April 6, 2010 January 31, 2011
(300 days)
Eunice Sanborn F W 113 – 114 July 20, 1896 – January 31, 2011
114 years, 195 days
Texas
January 31, 2011 December 4, 2012
(1 year, 308 days)
Besse Cooper F W 114 – 116 August 26, 1896 – December 4, 2012
116 years, 100 days
Georgia
December 4, 2012 December 17, 2012
(13 days)
Dina Manfredini F W 115 April 4, 1897 – December 17, 2012
115 years, 257 days
Iowa
December 17, 2012 Present
(1 year, 206 days)
Gertrude Weaver F B/W/I 114 – 116* born July 4, 1898
age 116 years, 7 days
Living in Arkansas

Chronological list of the oldest living man in the United States since 1978[edit]

Those entries color-coded as "verified" have been validated by the GRG. Those color-coded as 'pending' are backed by at least one document reviewed by the GRG supporting the reported age, but not the three necessary for validation by that institution. Those color-coded as 'unverified' are not (yet) backed by documentation supporting the reported age to the standards of the GRG.

      Deceased (Verified)       Living (Verified)       Pending

From To Name Race Reported age(s)
when oldest
Reported lifespan State of death
? August 20, 1978 Charlie Nelson W ? – 110 September 21, 1867 – August 20, 1978
110 years, 333 days
Iowa
August 20, 1978 September 5, 1980
(2 years, 15 days)
Charlie Phillips B 108 – 110 May 5, 1870 – September 5, 1980
110 years, 123 days
Mississippi
5 September 1980 16 February 1985
(4 years, 164 days)
Mathew Beard B 110 – 114 9 July 1870 – 16 February 1985
114 years, 222 days
Florida
16 February 1985 14 December 1986
(1 year, 301 days)
Joe Thomas B 109 – 111 1 May 1875 – 14 December 1986
111 years, 227 days
Louisiana
December 14, 1986 November 25, 1988
(1 year, 347 days)
Alphaeus Philemon Cole W 110 – 112 July 12, 1876 – November 25, 1988
112 years, 136 days
New York
November 25, 1988 January 21, 1989
(57 days)
Alton Gilbert W 110 June 11, 1878 – January 21, 1989
110 years, 224 days
New York
January 21, 1989 October 16, 1991
(2 years, 268 days)
James Wiggins B 109 – 112 October 15, 1879 – October 16, 1991
112 years, 1 day
Arkansas
October 16, 1991 June 14, 1993
(1 year, 241 days)
Frederick Frazier W 111 – 113 January 27, 1880 – June 14, 1993
113 years, 138 days
Alabama
June 14, 1993 April 25, 1998
(4 years, 315 days)
Christian Mortensen W 111 – 115 August 16, 1882 – April 25, 1998
115 years, 252 days
California
April 25, 1998 July 17, 1998
(83 days)
Johnson Parks B 113 October 15, 1884 – July 17, 1998
113 years, 275 days
Florida
July 17, 1998 December 25, 1998
(161 days)
Walter Richardson W 112 – 113 November 7, 1885 – December 25, 1998
113 years, 48 days
Illinois
December 25, 1998 March 1, 2001
(2 years, 66 days)
John Painter W 110 – 112 September 20, 1888 – March 1, 2001
112 years, 162 days
Tennessee
March 1, 2001 February 24, 2003
(1 year, 360 days)
John McMorran W 111 – 113 June 19, 1889 – February 24, 2003
113 years, 250 days
Florida
February 24, 2003 November 19, 2004
(1 year, 269 days)
Fred Hale W 112 – 113 December 1, 1890 – November 19, 2004
113 years, 354 days
New York
November 19, 2004 January 10, 2005
(52 days)
Earl Brush W 111 July 17, 1893 – January 10, 2005
111 years, 177 days
California
January 10, 2005 December 7, 2006
(1 year, 331 days)
Moses Hardy B 111 – 112 January 6, 1894 – December 7, 2006
112 years, 335 days
Mississippi
December 7, 2006 January 9, 2007
(33 days)
Thomas Nelson B 111 July 8, 1895 – January 9, 2007
111 years, 185 days
Texas
January 9, 2007 February 8, 2007
(30 days)
Antonio Pierro W 110 February 22, 1896 – February 8, 2007
110 years, 351 days
Massachusetts
February 8, 2007 December 27, 2008
(1 year, 323 days)
George Francis B 110 – 112 June 6, 1896 – December 27, 2008
112 years, 204 days
California
December 27, 2008 April 14, 2011
(2 years, 108 days)
Walter Breuning W 112 – 114 September 21, 1896 – April 14, 2011
114 years, 205 days
Montana
April 14, 2011 July 25, 2012
(1 year, 102 days)
Shelby Harris B 110 – 111 March 31, 1901 – July 25, 2012
111 years, 116 days
Illinois
July 25, 2012 September 13, 2013
(1 year, 50 days)
Salustiano Sanchez W 111 – 112 June 8, 1901 – September 13, 2013
112 years, 97 days
New York
September 13, 2013 June 8, 2014
(268 days)
Alexander Imich W 110 – 111 February 4, 1903 – June 8, 2014
111 years, 124 days
New York
June 8, 2014 Present
(33 days)
Conrad Johnson W 110* born January 19, 1904
age 110 years, 173 days
Living in Illinois

People[edit]

Ann Pouder[edit]

photo of Ann Pouder published in National Geographic Society Magazine June 1919.

Ann Pouder née Ann Alexander (London, United Kingdom April 8, 1807 – Baltimore, Maryland, United States July 10, 1917) was one of the first recognized supercentenarians in the world. Her age at death was 110 years, 93 days.[65] When Pouder was twelve years old, her family immigrated to the United States. There she lived the following 98 years of her life in Baltimore, Maryland. She married, although became a widow very early and had no children. Her extreme longevity claim was certified by Alexander Graham Bell.[66] In her last few months, she was bedridden, blind, and almost deaf, but her mind remained sharp.[67]

Fannie Thomas[edit]

Fannie Leona Thomas (April 14, 1867 – January 22, 1981) was listed in Guinness World Records as the oldest living American supercentenarian. As the Shigechiyo Izumi case was later disputed, Thomas may in fact have been the world's oldest person when she died at 113 years and 283 days.[1]

Preceded by
Delina Filkins
Oldest undisputed person ever
November 16, 1980 – April 18, 1984
Succeeded by
Mathew Beard
Preceded by
Delina Filkins
Oldest undisputed woman ever
November 16, 1980 – May 13, 1985
Succeeded by
Augusta Holtz

Florence Homan[edit]

Florence Homan (November 18, 1893 – August 13, 2006) was Ohio's oldest person since May 23, 2006, and was listed in Guinness World Records (2007 edition) as one of the top 15 world's oldest living people at the time. Her ranking had been tied for 12th before she died at the age of 112 years and 268 days, which at the time was older than the then oldest living persons in France (112), the United Kingdom (111) and Germany (110). Born Florence Wilker, she married Arthur Homan in 1941. He died in 1988. Due to the late marriage, they had no children. She lived on her own until age 105, when she moved into a nursing home.[68][69]

Mary McKinney[edit]

Mary Elizabeth "Mamie"[70] McKinney born Wallace (May 30, 1873 – February 2, 1987) was briefly recognized by Guinness as the world's oldest person. Following the death of fellow 113-year-old Mamie Eva Keith in September 1986, she became the "world's oldest person" according to the Guinness Book of Records. However, her own death five months later in Sacramento, California, meant that she never appeared in the record book, even though her Guinness recognition made the news. She lived for 113 years and 248 days.

Preceded by
Augusta Holtz
Oldest recognized living person
September 20, 1986 – February 2, 1987
Succeeded by
Anna Eliza Williams

Florence Knapp[edit]

Florence Knapp (October 10, 1873 – January 11, 1988) was, for the last two weeks of her life, recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records as the oldest person in the world.[71]

Born in Lansdale, Pennsylvania, she lived in nearby Montgomery Square much of her life and came from a large and long-lived family, eight of her siblings dying in their 80s and 90s and one sister reaching age 108.

By October 1987, when she was honored by the Pennsylvania legislature, she was recognized by Guinness as the oldest person in the United States, and the death of Anna Eliza Williams on December 27, 1987, meant that Knapp became the oldest verified recognized living person. Her death, aged 114 years 93 days, just 15 days after meant that she never appeared in a Guinness Book as the oldest living person.

Her death caused some confusion as to who her successor was, with Guinness recognition and press publicity alighting first on Orpha Nusbaum (August 1875 – March 1988), who died before the 1989 edition's deadline, then Birdie May Vogt (August 1876 – July 1989), who appeared in the 1989 edition's main text, then Jeanne Calment, mentioned in the addenda section, and finally in November 1988 on Carrie C. White, whose claim to birth in November 1874 was accepted. However, with recent census research calling White's authentication into question, Calment may very well have been Florence Knapp's actual immediate successor.

Knapp is listed as one of the 80 longest lived people ever; her lifespan is tied with that of Elena Slough.

Preceded by
Anna Eliza Williams
Oldest recognized living person
December 27, 1987 – January 11, 1988
Succeeded by
Jeanne Calment

Flossie Elizabeth Page[edit]

Flossie Elizabeth Page née Bishop (June 12, 1893 – February 22, 2006)[72] was an American supercentenarian who broke the record for the oldest person born in Kansas on record on February 9, 2006, the previous record of 112 years, 241 days having been set by Katherine Jones in 1992, and died exactly two weeks after achieving this feat. This record was surpassed by Delma Kollar on July 14, 2010. Page was born in Haven, Kansas, and died in Butler County.[73][74][75][76]

The UCLA-based Gerontology Research Group ranked Page as the sixth-oldest person in the U.S. and eleventh in the world when she died,[77] aged 112 years and 255 days.[78]

After graduating from high school, she taught at a one room school house near Lewis, and later worked at the War Risk Insurance Department in Washington, D.C. upon the start of World War I. Page married Fredric William Page in 1926, who died in 1967. She attributed her longevity to living a moral life, and taking no medication whatsoever.[78]

Wilhelmina Geringer Kott[edit]

Wilhelmina Kott née Geringer (March 7, 1880 – September 6, 1994)[79] was an American supercentenarian recognized by Guinness World Records as the 'oldest living American' in its 1995 edition,[80] following the death of Margaret Skeete. She was born in Peru, Illinois, as one of 16 children to George and Sophia Geringer. She moved to Chicago in 1881, where she lived almost her entire life. She married Charles Kott in 1899.[80] She died on September, 6 1994, aged 114 years 183 days.

As of June 2014, Kott is listed as one of the 70 longest lived people ever.

Mary Bidwell[edit]

Mary Electa Bidwell née Nobel (May 19, 1881– April 25, 1996)[81] was an American supercentenarian. She died at age 114 years 342 days on April 25, 1996. She is currently the 38th oldest verified person ever. She was also the oldest person ever to die in Connecticut.[82][83][84]

Her parents were Charles Woodruff Bidwell and Alice Beach Nobel.[83] She was a descendant of John Bidwell, one of the founders of Hartford, Connecticut. Bidwell worked as a teacher in a one-room school house for six years. She married Charles Hubbell Bidwell, a distant cousin, in 1906.[82]

Bidwell lived on her own in North Haven, Connecticut, until she was 110. Bidwell died at the Arden House, a nursing home in Hamden, Connecticut.[81][84] She was the last surviving person documented as born in 1881.

Maggie Barnes[edit]

Maggie Pauline Barnes née Hinnant (March 6, 1882 – January 19, 1998)[85] was an American supercentenarian. She was a resident of Johnston County, North Carolina. Barnes died from complications following a minor foot infection.[86] Barnes, who was born to a slave and married a tenant farmer, was survived by four children; 11 of her children preceded her in death.[86]

Some dispute exists as to her date of birth. Though the family Bible gives the 1882 date, she is listed as having been born in 1881 by the 1900 US Census, and she is listed as having been born in 1880 on her marriage license.[86] Authenticating to the latter of those dates, Barnes was 115 years, 319 days old when she died.

Barnes is the 12th oldest person on record.

Clara Huhn[edit]

Clara Huhn née Herling (January 28, 1887 – December 20, 2000) was an American homemaker and supercentenarian. Born in a home near Clarkson, Nebraska, she lived near Schuyler for most of her life. She remained active, healthy and independent until the last few months of her life, and even answered an interview just before her 113th birthday. At age 113 years, 327 days, she is the oldest person on record born in Nebraska, but she was not the oldest person on record to die in that particular state, since she died in La Mesa, California. The title of the oldest person on record to die in Nebraska belongs to Helen Stetter, who died on June 1, 2007, at age 113 years, 195 days.[87]

Delvina Dahlheimer[edit]

Mary Delvina Dahlheimer née Morissette (December 31, 1888[88] – March 13, 2002)[89] was an American supercentenarian. Delvina lived alone until entering Guardian Angels Care Center at age 101, where she lived out the rest of her days.[89] Dahlheimer's Minnesota state record title, 113 years 72 days, was surpassed by Catherine Hagel on February 9, 2008. Incidentally, Hagel was the sister-in-law of Dahlheimer.

Mae Harrington[edit]

Mae Harrington née Maxwell (January 20, 1889 – December 29, 2002) was an American supercentenarian who became the world's oldest living person upon the death of Adelina Domingues. Harrington was also the oldest living American and the oldest person ever from the state of New York, breaking the record held since the 1920s by then world's oldest person Delina Filkins, also 113, but her own record was subsequently broken on May 28, 2005 by Grace Thaxton, who was born in the state before moving to and dying in Kentucky. Because her age was not authenticated during her lifetime, the public recognition she was due went to another 113-year-old, Mary Parr (January 29, 1889 – October 29, 2002), who was born nine days after her, dying two months before her, as her age was only validated posthumously.[90]

After Harrington's death aged 113 years 343 days, Mary Christian became the oldest living person in the United States, and Yukichi Chuganji became the oldest living person.

Records
Preceded by
Adelina Domingues
Oldest undisputed living person
August 21, 2002 – December 29, 2002
Succeeded by
Yukichi Chuganji

Elena Slough[edit]

Elena Proctor Slough née Rodenbaugh (July 4, 1889 – October 5, 2003)[91] was the oldest recognized person in the United States from the death of Mary Christian on April 20, 2003, until Slough's own death, aged 114 years 93 days, six months later. After her death, the oldest recognized person in the United States was Charlotte Benkner.[91] She is among the 80 verified oldest people ever.

Some sources date her birth to 1888, but the oldest records state that she was born in 1889.[92]

Mary Margaret Smith[edit]

Mary Margaret Smith (October 7, 1893 – May 23, 2006) was an American supercentenarian and, at the time of her death at age 112 years and 228 days, Ohio's oldest verified living person. Smith also ranked fifth in the United States and was the 13th oldest person in the world. She was born in Pittsburgh and moved to Ohio in 1898. Smith had two husbands. She lived on her own until age 95 and did not move into a nursing home until the age of 108.[93]

She was listed in the 2007 edition of Guinness World Records as one of the top-15 oldest people in the world, and died in Jefferson, Ohio.

Consuelo Moreno-López[edit]

Consuelo Moreno-López (February 5, 1893 – November 13, 2004) was born in Northern Morocco (then under Spanish protectorate) to Spanish parents.[94] She later emigrated to the United States in 1960. She died stateside, aged 111 years and 282 days, as the result of an adverse reaction to a flu shot. Moreno-López holds the longevity record for Morocco, which declared its independence in 1956.[95][96]

Grace Thaxton[edit]

Grace Thaxton née Menges (June 18, 1891 – July 6, 2005) was a supercentenarian, the oldest person in Kentucky, the fourth-oldest person in the U.S. and the seventh-oldest documented person in the world at the time of her death. She also became New York state's all-time recordholder on May 28, 2005, aged 113 years 344 days, breaking the record set by Mae Harrington in December 2002.[97]Thaxton died several weeks later on July 6, 2005, aged 114 years 18 days.

Thaxton almost lived to see her son Robert (1915-2011) turn 90 on July 12, 2005. Thaxton is listed as one of the 100 longest lived people ever.

Bettie Wilson[edit]

Bettie Antry Wilson née Rutherford (September 13, 1890 – February 13, 2006)[98] became the oldest verified living person in the United States with the death of 114-year-old Emma Verona Johnston on December 1, 2004. She lost this designation when the age of Elizabeth Bolden was verified in April 2005. Both were born in the rural South—where they lived less than 100 miles apart.

Born of freed slaves, Solomon and Delia Rutherford, she is the oldest resident of the state of Mississippi ever recorded (the previous record was 113 years, 12 days set in 1994). Her oldest son, Will Rogers, was said to have been born (October 27, 1909 – October 21, 2008) making him 98 years old(just 6 days shy of 99)himself; 96 at the time (although the 1930 census lists him as 19 years old in April 1930, indicating that he was 95 instead). In late April 2005, Wilson moved into a new home funded by donations.

Wilson celebrated her 115th birthday in September 2005, at which time she ranked as the third-oldest living person in the world.

Wilson died at her New Albany home on February 13, 2006, aged 115 years, 153 days. She was survived by the aforementioned son (1909–2008), five grandchildren, 46 great-grandchildren, 95 great-great-grandchildren and 38 great-great-great grandchildren.

As of January 2014, Wilson is listed as one of the 20 longest lived people ever.

Marion Higgins[edit]

Marion Higgins née Bigelow (June 26, 1893 in New York City, New York – March 2, 2006 in Seal Beach, California) was an American supercentenarian. At an early age, she moved to Maine, and later on to California. She attended the University of Puget Sound and later returned to California.[99]

On May 29, 2005, Marion was recognized as California's oldest living person, four weeks shy of 112, following the death of Margaret Russell, aged 112.

Her memory was remarkable for a person her age. She could remember from age one, and recite poems backwards. Moreover, she wrote her first book herself at the 'tender' age of 102.[100]

Marion died from congestive heart failure, aged 112 years and 249 days. She was ranked as sixth-oldest in the U.S. and 11th in the world at the time of her death.

Grace Nelsen Jones[edit]

Grace Rebecca Jones née Nelsen (June 4, 1893 – April 24, 2006)[1] was ranked as the world's 10th-oldest person at the time of her death, aged 112 years 324 days.[101]

Thomas Nelson, Sr.[edit]

Thomas D. Nelson, Sr. (July 8, 1895 – January 9, 2007) was, at age 111, the oldest living man in the United States and the second-oldest man in the world from December 7, 2006 (the death of Moses Hardy), for one month until his own death, aged 111 years 185 days..

He had been living in Port Arthur, Texas, since the early 1930s. He opened a candy shop in the mid-1930s, and worked there for more than 60 years.[102][103]

Delphia Spencer Hankins[edit]

Delphia Hankins née Spencer (July 23, 1896 – October 17, 2007) was an American supercentenarian. Hankins was the oldest person in Mississippi at the time of her death, aged 111 years 86 days.

She was born in Itawamba County, Mississippi[104] to Henry Jackson Spencer and Samantha Fikes Spencer.[104] In addition to her parents, she was predeceased by her husband, Curtis Hankins; her brothers, Bobby, Kip, Grady, Chester and Curtis Spencer; and a son who died in infancy.

Hankins had been a resident of Aberdeen, Mississippi, from 1942 until 2000.[104] She worked at Aberdeen Hospital and at Dr. Murphree's Clinic,[104] and then a homemaker until she was 104.[104] Afterwards, she moved to West Point, Mississippi, where she spent the last seven years of her life.[104]

Delphia Hankins died at the Dugan Memorial Home in West Point.[104] At the time of her death she was survived by two daughters, Olema Poss of West Point and Kathryn Crump of Aberdeen; a son, W.D. Hankins of Aberdeen; twenty-seven grandchildren; two step-grandchildren; sixteen great-grandchildren and six great-great-grandchildren.

George Francis[edit]

George Rene Francis (June 6, 1896 – December 27, 2008)[105][106] was an American supercentenarian and the joint second-oldest living man in the world, together with Englishman Henry Allingham, until Francis's death aged 112 years, 204 days. He was also the oldest living man in the United States, following the death of Antonio Pierro on February 8, 2007. Francis was from New Orleans, Louisiana, but since 1949 lived in Sacramento, California, where a local newspaper published a poem that Francis enjoyed reciting to friends and the public throughout his life.[107] He credited his longevity to nature, and enjoyed a rich diet of pork, eggs, milk and lard. He gave up smoking cigars at the age of 75.[108][dead link]

Francis attempted to join the army in World War I but was rejected for service in 1918 as being too short and small (he weighed only about 100 pounds (45.35 kg)). Despite this, he later was a boxer before becoming a barber and then a chauffeur. Francis claimed to have met Louis Armstrong and Booker T. Washington and to have seen Babe Ruth hit a home run. His wife died in 1964. At the time of his death, Francis was listed as one of the 20 oldest verified men ever.

Olivia Patricia Thomas[edit]

Olivia Patricia Thomas née Trevellyan (June 29, 1895 – November 16, 2009) was, at age 114 years 140 days, the world's third oldest verified living person,[109] following the death of Gertrude Baines on September 11, 2009. Thomas was the second oldest American (and the oldest born in the United States, as Mary Josephine Ray was born in Canada).[109] She moved to Buffalo, New York, in 1946 and went on to become the oldest living person in the state of New York.

On October 25, 2009, Thomas became the oldest person born in Iowa, surpassing the 114 years, 117 lifespan of Emma Verona Johnston in 2004. On December 22, 2009, Neva Morris aged 114 years, 141 days surpassed Thomas as the oldest verified Iowan ever.

Thomas is listed as one of the 70 longest-lived people ever.[49]

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