List of supermarket chains in the United Kingdom

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Tesco is the largest supermarket chain in the United Kingdom.

This is a list of supermarket chains in the United Kingdom. Grocery sales in the UK are dominated by Tesco, Asda, Sainsbury's and Morrisons. These "big four" had a combined market share of 73.6 per cent of the UK grocery market in the 12 weeks ending 30 March 2014.[1] However, all four have experienced significant declines in recent years and shoppers turn more to discount retailers such as Aldi and Lidl.

Premier Supermarkets, a subsidiary of Express Dairies, opened the UK's first supermarket in Streatham, South London in 1951, though the Co-op opened Britain's first fully self-service store in March 1948 in Albert Road, Southsea.[2]

List of current UK supermarket chains[edit]

Supermarket Image Founded/Came to UK Owned by Current Market Share[1] 2007 Market Share[3] Notes
Aldi Aldi, Beeston, Leeds.jpg
1989
Aldi Süd GmbH 4.6 2.6 No frills supermarket
Asda Asda wb.jpg
1949
Wal-Mart through subsidiary Corinth Services Ltd 17.4 16.6 Founded by a group of Yorkshire farmers
Booths Booths sharp.JPG
1847
Owned by the original founding family North West of England and Yorkshire
Budgens The entrance to Budgens supermarket, Southam - geograph.org.uk - 1549577.jpg
1872
Musgrave Group Found in England and Wales, with stores up to 10,000 square feet (930 m2)
Co-op,* and The Co-operative Food The Co-operative Tilehurst.JPG Various Co-op societies 6.1 4.4 Identities shared by about 20 retail co-operatives, including:

see also The Co-operative Group#List of corporate members

Costcutter Costcutter's Cloghore, County Donegal - geograph.org.uk - 204200.jpg
1986
Bibby Line Group Symbol group and convenience store
CK's Supermarkets
1988
Welsh Based supermarket founded in Llandeilo
Farmfoods Farm Foods - Valley Road - geograph.org.uk - 1157390.jpg
1955
0.8 0.5
Filco Foods
1956
Welsh Based supermarket founded in Llantwit Major
Heron Foods
1979
UK Private Company Primarily frozen foods, operates 170 stores throughout the Midlands and the North.
Iceland Iceland supermarket front.jpg
1970
2.1 1.6 first store opened at Oswestry, Shropshire in 1970.
Lidl Lidl Cargo Fleet lane,Middlesbrough.jpg
1994
Lidl Stiftung & Co. KG 3.4 2.2 No frills supermarket
Londis LondisFermePark.jpg
1959
Musgrave Group Symbol group and a convenience store
Mace Strangford (29), August 2009.JPG Palmer and Harvey Irish owned franchise symbol group and a convenience store founded by Jonny Lingiah
Marks & Spencer M&s.JPG
1884
Publicly traded on the London Stock Exchange 3.8* (separate measure)[4] Clothing and food retailer
Morrisons MorrisonsConsett.jpg
1899
Publicly traded on the London Stock Exchange 11.1 11.2 Fourth biggest supermarket in the UK, over 450 stores
Nisa-Today's Nisa-Today's Member Support Centre.jpg
1977
UK private company Retailers' co-operative and symbol group
Ocado Ocado delivery.jpg
2002
Publicly traded on the London Stock Exchange Online only, partnership with Waitrose & Morrisons
Sainsbury's Sainsbury's Holywood Exchange2.jpg
1869
Publicly traded on the London Stock Exchange 16.5 16.2 Superstores as well as 'Local' and 'Central' sites
Spar Spar shop, Portaferry, October 2009.JPG
1957
Owned by Independent Retailers Symbol group
Tesco Tesco Kingston Park.jpg
1919
Publicly traded on the London Stock Exchange 28.6 31.6 Including 'Extra', 'Superstores', 'Metro', 'Express' and 'Homeplus' outlets. UK's largest non-food retailer
Waitrose Waitrose, Peterborough.JPG
1904
John Lewis Partnership 5.0 3.9 Waitrose has a variety of store styles, including;
'Waitrose Stores',
'Waitrose Convenience Stores and Little Waitrose',
'John Lewis Foodhall',
'Waitrose Food, Fashion & Home',
'Waitrose Food & Home' ,
'Welcome Break outlets' (Motorway Services Outlets).

Which? Best Supermarket 2013[5]

Whole Foods Market
2004
Publicly traded on NASDAQ Entered the UK with the acquisition of seven Fresh & Wild stores.

List of defunct UK supermarket chains[edit]

These supermarkets are either no longer trading, have been renamed, or have been taken over and rebranded.

Supermarket Image Founded/Came to UK Fate Closed Notes
Aberness Bought by Somerfield 2000 Scottish convenience chain
Alldays Bought by the Co-operative Group
All 'Ours Merged with Premier Stores Symbol group within the Moffat company
Bejam 1968 Bought by Iceland 1989 Frozen Foods
Bells Stores Bought by Sainsbury's, branded as Sainsbury's at Bells before being converted to Sainsbury's Local 2004 Small chain of 54 convenience stores in the North East England
Bishops Bought by Budgens[6] 1984 63 stores in South East England
BP Safeway 1962 Dissolved following Safeway takeover by Morrisons Partnership between BP plc and Safeway, listed as Equinox retailing. Some stores now Tesco Express
Carrefour 1970s UK business sold to Gateway/Somerfield, then later to Asda 1990
Capital Freezer Centres Now owned by Farmfoods
Circle K Merged with Alldays
County Stores Sold to Gateway, converted to Somerfield 1990
Crazy Prices Bought by Tesco ABF owned Northern Ireland group
Healds Day & Nite Bought by Tesco
David Greig Bought by Somerfield
Europa Bought by Tesco Presence in central London
Fairway Bought by Gateway
Fine Fare
A Fine Fare store in Thirsk, 1968
1956 Bought by Gateway 1986
Food Giant Originally part of Somerfield group, all stores converted to Kwik Save following the Somerfield/Kwik Save merger
FreshXpress
FreshXpress Fawdon, a typical style of FreshXpress store inherited from Kwik Save, this store has since been demolished and a new Netto store proposed
2007 Administration in 2008, liquidated in 2009 2009 Smaller stores of former Kwik Save chain. Bought out by management team led by Brendan Murtagh
Galbraith supermarkets 1894 Bought by Allied Suppliers, then Argyll Group Scottish chain
Gateway Foodmarkets 1950 Rebranded as Somerfield 1992
Select & Save Bought by Costcutter
Grandways Some stores sold to Argyll Group for their Presto chain and Kwik Save, remainder renamed Jacksons 1992/3 Regional in Yorkshire
GT Smith Bought by Co-operative Group 2002 Regional in West Yorkshire
Haldanes 2009 (including UGO stores) 2011 Went into administration 2011
Hanburys 1889 Bought by Co-Op. 1997 Started in 1889 when Jeremiah Hanbury opened a small store in Market Street, Farnworth, selling butter and bacon. In 1929, the business was bought by Bolton wholesale grocers E.H. Steele Ltd. In 1997 the 31 Hanburys stores, which cover the North-west, including 8 in Bolton were acquired by United Norwest Co-op and subsequently re-branded.
Hillards Bought by Tesco
Hintons Bought by Argyll Foods to become part of Presto Mainly in North East England and Yorkshire
Irwin's Stores Bought by Tesco
International Bought by Gateway
Jackson's Bought by Sainsbury's, branded as Sainsbury's at Jackson's before being converted to Sainsbury's Local. 2004 Regional in Yorkshire and North Midlands
Key Markets Bought by Gateway
Kwik Save Closed branch of Kwik Save in Warrington, 13 July 2007 1959 Bought by Somerfield group 1998. Smaller stores sold to BTTF, after administration smaller stores became FreshXpress 2007 Smaller stores sold to BTTF and converted to FreshXpress, larger converted to Somerfield or leased to others by Somerfield Now owned by Costcutter.
Laws Bought by Wm Low for £7.1 million Chain of supermarkets focused on North East England
Lennons Bought by Dee Group Part of Key Market. Rebranded part of Gateway chain when Dee took Gateway over
Liptons 1871 Bought by Allied Suppliers Converted to Presto or Lo-Cost stores
Lo-Cost Converted to Safeway.
Local Plus Bought by the Co-operative Group
Mac Fisheries Bought by Dee Group 1978 Wet fish shops closed
Mace
Mainstop Acquired by Morrisons 1981
Morning, Noon & Night Bought by Scotmid
Netto Nettobutik i Bjärred.jpg
1990
Bought by Asda in 2010 for £778M from Dansk Supermarked Group. 147 stores were rebranded in 2011 as Asda local stores. The remaining 47 stores have been sold off to other companies such as Morrisons and new convenience store UGO and other retailers due to competition laws 2011 Was a no frills supermarket. On 30 September 2011, Netto UK ceased trading.
Normans supermarkets Bought by Plymco
Normid Rebranded Co-op Was owned by United Co-operatives
Norco Rebranded Co-op Aberdeen based co-operative society
One Stop Bought by Tesco, still exists today.
Premier Supermarkets Bought by Mac Fisheries 1965 Subsidiary of Express Dairies, opened UK's first supermarket in Streatham, South London in 1951.[2] Sold after losing out on purchase of Irwin's stores to Tesco
Presto Presto Food Market, Cheltenham, 1982 1977 After buying out Safeway, all stores were converted to Safeway. 1998
PriceRite
Quality Fare Bought by the Co-operative Group
Rainbow Discontinued, rebranded as parent Co-op
Richway Supermarkets Retail chain operating in South of England and the Isle of Wight
Safeway (UK) Safeway Superstore, Bude - geograph.org.uk - 18245.jpg 1962 Bought by Morrisons 2005 Safeway Compact stores sold to Somerfield. Was still trading under Safeway in Channel Islands until becoming Waitrose in 2010.
Sainsbury's Savacentre Sainsburys in Sydenham - geograph.org.uk - 3334.jpg 1977 Discontinued, Rebranded Sainsbury's 2005
7-Eleven Taken over by Budgens Convenience Store chain
Shop Rite 1972 Bought by Kwik Save, Still trades as ShopRite in the Isle of Man stocking a range of Waitrose & Iceland products as well as locally produced goods 1994 Discount supermarket chain
Somerfield Oakwood Somerfield ShadowCrop.jpg 1865 Purchase agreed by the Co-operative Group on 16 July 2008 for £1.56bn; from 2009 many larger stores were sold off and smaller stores rebranded to The Co-operative Food [7] 2011
Stewarts Supermarket Limited Bought by Tesco ABF owned Northern Ireland group
Supernational Bought by Gateway
Templeton supermarkets 1880 Bought by Allied Suppliers then Argyll Group Scottish chain, rebranded as Presto
VG Bought by Alldays
Victor Value Bought by Tesco 1968/1986 Independent chain. Larger stores were rebranded as Tesco, remaining sold to Bejam in 1986
Wallis 1955 Bought by Somerfield 2003 Founded by Francis J Wallis of Rainham Essex in 1955. By 1968 there were 38 stores. In 1977 100 of 380 stores were sold to International stores for £21 Million. Taken over by Somerfield sometime around 1999, the larger stores were rebranded while the smaller stores were sold to Co-Op. F J Wallis Ltd was dissolved by voluntary strike-off in 2003.
Walter Wilson
Wm Low Bought by Tesco Presence in Scotland and northern England

See also[edit]

References[edit]