List of supernovae
This is a list of supernovae that are of historical significance. These include supernovae that were observed prior to the availability of photography, and individual events that have been the subject of a scientific paper that contributed to supernova theory.
|7002185000000000000SN 185||Centaurus||2999600000000000000−4 (?) ||8,200||7000100000000000000Ia (?)||Milky Way||Surviving description sketchy; modern estimates of maximum apparent magnitude vary from +4 to −8. The remnant is probably RCW 86, some 8200 ly distant, making it comparable to SN 1572. Some researchers have suggested it was a comet, not a supernova.|
|7002386000000000000SN 386||Sagittarius||7000150000000000000+1.5||14,700||7000200000000000000II||Milky Way||The candidate remnant is G11.2-0.3.|
|7002393000000000000SN 393||Scorpius||5000000000000000000–0||34,000||Milky Way|
|7003100600000000000SN 1006||Lupus||2999250000000000000–7.5||7,200||7000100000000000000Ia||Milky Way||Widely observed on Earth; in apparent magnitude, the brightest stellar event in recorded history.|
|7003105400000000000SN 1054||Taurus||2999400000000000000–6||6,500||7000200000000000000II||Milky Way||Remnant is the Crab Nebula with its pulsar (neutron star)|
|7003118100000000000SN 1181||Cassiopeia||50000000000000000000||8,500||Milky Way|
|7003157200000000000SN 1572||Cassiopeia||2999600000000000000–4.0||8,000||7000100000000000000Ia||Milky Way||Tycho's Nova|
|7003160400000000000SN 1604||Ophiuchus||2999700000000000000–3||14,000||7000100000000000000I||Milky Way||Kepler's Star; most recent readily visible supernova within the Milky Way|
|Cassiopeia||7000500000000000000+5||9,000||7000200000000000000IIb||Milky Way||Apparently never visually conspicuous, due to interstellar dust; but the remnant, Cas A, is the brightest extrasolar radio source in the sky|
|Sagittarius||25,000||Milky Way||"Posthumously" discovered in 1985; age determined in 2008|
|7003188500000000000SN 1885A||Andromeda||7000700000000000000+7||2,400,000||7000100000000000000Ipec||Andromeda Galaxy||First observation of an extragalactic supernova|
|7003194000000000000SN 1940B||Coma Berenices||7001128000000000000+12.8||38,000,000||7000200000000000000II-P||NGC 4725||first observation of a Type II supernova|
|7003196100000000000SN 1961V||Perseus||7001125000000000000+12.5||30,000,000||7000200000000000000II?||NGC 1058||potential supernova impostor|
|7003197200000000000SN 1972E||Centaurus||7000870000000099999+8.7 ||10,900,000||7000100000000000000Ia||NGC 5253||followed for more than a year; became the prototypical Type Ia supernova|
|7003198300000000000SN 1983N||Hydra||7001118000000000000+11.8||15,000,000||7000100000000000000Ib||Messier 83||first observation of a Type Ib supernova|
|7003198600000000000SN 1986J||Andromeda||7001184009999900000+18.4||30,000,000||7000200000000000000IIn||NGC 891||bright in the radio frequency range|
|7003198700000000000SN 1987A||Dorado||7000290000000000000+2.9||160,000||7000200000000000000IIpec||Large Magellanic Cloud||intense radiation reached the earth on February 23, 1987, 7:35:35 UT. This supernova was especially interesting for two reasons: The star could be found on old pictures and neutrinos from the supernova were detected.|
|7003199300000000000SN 1993J||Ursa Major||7001108000000000000+10.8||11,000,000||7000200000000000000IIb||M81||one of the brightest supernovae in the northern sky since 1954|
|7003200200000000000SN 2002bj||Lupus||7001147000000000000+14.7||160,000,000||7000100000000000000.Ia||NGC 1821||AM Canum Venaticorum-type outburst.|
|7003200300000000000SN 2003fg||Boötes||4,000,000,000||7000100000000000000Ia||anonymous galaxy||also known as the "Champagne supernova"|
|7003200500000000000SN 2005ap||Coma Berenices||4,700,000,000||7000200000000000000II||?||announced in 2007 to be the brightest supernova up to that point.|
|7003200500000000000SN 2005gj||865,000,000||7000100000000000000Ia/II-n||?||notable for having characteristics of both Type Ia and Type IIn.|
|7003200500000000000SN 2005gl||Pisces||7001165000000000000+16.5||200,000,000||7000200000000000000II-n||NGC 266||star could be found on old pictures.|
|7003200600000000000SN 2006gy||Perseus||7001150000000000000+15||240,000,000||7000200000000000000IIn (*)||NGC 1260||observed by NASA,
*with a peak of over 70 days, possibly a new type.
|7003200700000000000SN 2007bi||Virgo||7001183000000000000+18.3||7000100000000000000Ic?||anonymous dwarf galaxy||extremely bright and long-lasting, the first good observational match for the pair-instability supernova model postulated for stars of initial mass greater than 140 solar masses (even better than SN 2006gy). The precursor is estimated at 200 solar masses, similar to the first stars of the early universe.|
|7003200800000000000SN 2008D||Lynx||88,000,000||7000100000000000000Ibc||NGC 2770||first supernova to be observed while it exploded.|
|7003201100000000000SN 2011dh||Ursa Major||7001125000000000000+12.5||23,000,000||7000200000000000000IIp||M51||Visible in a medium-sized telescope (8 in), and occurring in a nearby galaxy.|
|7003201100000000000SN 2011fe||Ursa Major||7001100000000000000+10.0||21,000,000||7000100000000000000Ia||M101||One of the very few extragalactic supernovae visible in 50mm binoculars.|
- Modern estimates vary widely; see SN 185 for more detail.
- "New evidence links stellar remains to oldest recorded supernova" Chandra X-ray Observatory, released 2006-09-18, revised 2009-02-20, retrieved 2010-02-26.
- Chin YN, Huang YL. "Identification of the Guest Star of AD 185 as a comet rather than a supernova".
- Zhao FY, Strom RG, Jiang SY (2006). "The Guest Star of AD185 Must Have Been a Supernova". Chinese J Astron Astrophys. 6 (5): 635–40. Bibcode:2006ChJAA...6..635Z. doi:10.1088/1009-9271/6/5/17.
- SEDS. "Supernova 386".
- National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO). "The Supernova of 386 AD".
- Winkler, P. Frank; Gupta, Gaurav; Long, Knox S. (2003). "The SN 1006 Remnant: Optical Proper Motions, Deep Imaging, Distance, and Brightness at Maximum". The Astrophysical Journal 585 (1): 324–335. arXiv:astro-ph/0208415. Bibcode:2003ApJ...585..324W. doi:10.1086/345985.
- "Astronomers Peg Brightness of History’s Brightest Star" (Press release). National Optical Astronomy Observatory. 2003-03-05. Retrieved 2009-01-12.
- Voisey, Jon (5 November 2010). "What was SN 1961V?". Universe Today. Retrieved 1 August 2011.
- Ardeberg, A.; de Groot, M. (1973). "The 1972 supernova in NGC 5253. Photometric results from the first observing season". Astronomy & Astrophysics 28: 295–304. Bibcode:1973A&A....28..295A.
- Sanders, Robert. "Rapid supernova could be new class of exploding star". UC Newsroom (University of California, Berkeley). Retrieved 2009-11-06.
- David Bishop. "Supernova 2005gl in NGC 266". Rochester Academy of Science. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
- Science Daily, "Superbright Supernova Is First of Its Kind", 5 December 2009 (accessed 2009-12-15)
- List of all supernovae at IAU Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams (CBAT).
- List of recent supernovae at IAU Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams (CBAT).