List of surviving Focke-Wulf Fw 190s

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Fw 190
Focke-Wulf Fw 190 050602-F-1234P-005.jpg
Captured Fw 190 A in replicated Luftwaffe insignia. As a result the markings are enlarged and placed incorrectly

At least 23 Fw 190s exist in museums, collections and in storage worldwide, with 15 displayed in the United States. The NASM stores the only known surviving "long-wing" Ta 152 H, an H-0/R-11 version, at the Paul E. Garber Preservation, Restoration and Storage Facility in Suitland, Maryland.

Six surviving Fw 190s served with JG 5 during their wartime existence, and when these six Fw 190s are added to the twenty surviving examples of the Bf 109s that also served with JG 5 during the war, a total of twenty-seven surviving former JG 5 aircraft are still in existence in the 21st century-more than from any other former Luftwaffe unit of the World War II era. One A-5 example (see below) that served with Jagdgeschwader 54, discovered in a forest near Saint Petersburg, Russia in 1989 has been restored to airworthy condition and first flew again in the northwest United States with its original BMW 801 engine in 2011.

A variants[edit]

  • Wk. Nr. 5476, a Fw 190 A-2 from JG 5, owned by Wade S. Hayes and currently located in Texas USA. It is thought to be one of the oldest Fw 190s still in existence.
  • Wk. Nr. 2219, a Fw 190 A-3 from IV./JG 5, recovered from underwater location, currently being rebuilt for the Norwegian Air Force Museum
  • Wk. Nr. 1227, a Fw 190 A-5 from IV/JG 54. Discovered in 1989 in Voibakala forest, near Saint Petersburg [1]. Now airworthy, as of December 1, 2010,[1] with the Flying Heritage Collection out of Seattle, Washington State, with a video of its BMW 801 engine being test run for the first time since restoration and flying in formation with the Bf 109E-3 Wk.Nr. 1342 of the FHC collection, as the first known restored Fw 190A to be flown with its original BMW radial powerplant in the 21st century.
  • Wk. Nr. 550214, a Fw 190 A-6 possibly flown by III./NJG 11 as it was fitted with a FuG 217 Neptun radar system. Formerly displayed in the UK but shipped to South Africa where it is now on display at the South African National Museum of Military History.
  • Wk. Nr. 550470, a Fw 190 A-6 from I./JG 26, Owned by Malcolm Laing and located in Lubbock Texas, USA.
  • Wk. Nr. 170393, a Fw 190 A-8 from 6./JG 1, mostly a reconstruction built from original parts, located at the Luftfahrtmuseum, Hanover Germany.
  • Wk. Nr. 173056, a Fw 190 A-8 with an unknown history, was restored in France after an 8½ year effort, and is now powered (much like the Flug Werk-created Fw 190A reproductions are) with a Shvetsov ASh-82T engine, and accurate late-World War II style paddle-blade propeller, with the new engine's first runs occurring in 2009.[2][3] and its first flight with its Russian-sourced replacement radial on October 9, 2011.
  • Wk. Nr. 173889, a Fw 190 A-8 from 7./JG 1, owned by Mark Timken, currently under restoration.
  • Wk. Nr. 350177, a Fw 190 A-8 from 12./JG 5, located at the Texas Air Museum in Rio Hondo, Texas, USA.
  • Wk. Nr. 730923, a Fw 190 A-8 as a NC 900, located in the Musee de L'Air in Paris France.
  • Wk. Nr. 732183, a Fw 190 A-8 from 12./JG 5 as flown by Ltn Rudi Linz, a German ace with 70 victories, this aircraft was shot down over Norway by a British Mustang during the 'Black Friday' raid on 9 February 1945. The aircraft is displayed in the Cottbus Hangar of the Military Aviation Museum in Pungo, Virginia, USA.
  • Wk. Nr. 733685, an Fw 190 A-8 that had originally been part of a Mistel S-3B composite aircraft along with a Junkers Ju-88 bomber. For a number of years it was previously located at the Imperial War Museum in London, England. In October 2013 after a short period of restoration, it went on display in the 'Warplanes' Hangar at the Royal Air Force Museum, Cosford, in Shropshire, England.

D variants[edit]

  • Wk. Nr. 210968, a Fw 190 D-9 from 2./JG 26, under restoration for the Luftwaffe Museum in Berlin, Germany.
  • Wk. Nr. 601088, a Fw 190 D-9 from IV (Sturm)./JG 3 "Udet" Geschwader, captured by the US intact and labeled FE-120 and used in testing following the war. Located at the National Museum of the United States Air Force in Dayton, Ohio, USA. The aircraft is on display in the Museum's Air Power gallery. It is on long term loan from the National Air and Space Museum.[4]
  • Wk. Nr. 836017, a Fw 190 D-13 from 1./JG 26 as flown by Major Franz Götz. After capture labelled FE-117 and later donated to the Georgia Technical University, and then fell into disrepair. Later restored in Germany by William Flugzeuge and returned to the Champlin Fighter Museum in Mesa, Arizona. It was later donated to the Museum of Flight in Seattle, Washington when the Champlin museum closed its doors, and is now on display in Everett, Washington as a part of Paul Allen's Flying Heritage Collection. The aircraft has been restored close to flyable condition, but it will not be flown because it is the only surviving D-13.[5]

F variants[edit]

  • Wk. Nr. 670071, a Fw 190 F-3 from 1./SchG 1. Under restoration for the Flugplatz Museum of Cottbus, Germany.
  • Wk. Nr. 5415, a Fw 190 F-8, thought to be under restoration in New Zealand.
  • Wk. Nr. 930838, a Fw 190 F-8, currently in storage at the Yugoslav Aeronautical Museum in Belgrade.
Wk.Nr. 584219 two-seat variant in 1971. Now preserved at the RAF Museum, Hendon
  • Wk. Nr. 931862, a Fw 190 F-8 from 9./JG 5, the "White 1" as flown by Unteroffizier Heinz Orlowski, who examined his former aircraft personally in 2005, during its restoration. Also shot down by P-51s over Norway in the "Black Friday" engagement. Originally under restoration in Kissimmee, Florida, USA by The White 1 Foundation, it was transferred to The Collings Foundation in 2012, and is still expected to be returned to airworthy status.
  • Wk. Nr. 931884, a Fw 190 F-8 from I./SG 2, built by Arado as an A-4 with Wk. Nr. 640069, but later rebuilt by Fieseler as an F-8. Captured intact by the US and marked as FE-117. Flown for a number of years and later restored by the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum, at whose Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center where it is now located.
  • Wk. Nr. 584219, a Fw 190 F-8/U1 converted into a two seat unit as a VIP transport for Jagdfliegerschule 103. Captured by the RAF in Norway and later flown for testing purposes. Currently located in the Bomber Command Hall at the RAF Museum in Hendon, England. It is the only known two seat Fw 190 in existence.

Salvage and recovery[edit]

The Fw 190 A-3 wr. 2219, photographed just after being salvaged.

On 1 November 2006, a Fw 190 A-3 was salvaged from the ocean off the island of Sotra, near Bergen, Norway. Its pilot had made an emergency landing in December 1943 and had scrambled to safety and was rescued soon after; his aircraft had sunk to the bottom of the sea. After its retrieval from 60 m deep water, the Fw 190, "Yellow 16," from IV/JG 5 was only missing its canopy and the fabric-covered wing and tail surfaces.[6]

Modern reproductions[edit]

Flug + Werk reproductions[edit]

Starting in 1997 a small German company, Flug + Werk GmbH,[7] began work on new Fw 190 A-8s; a run of 20 kits were produced. These planes are new reproduction builds from the ground up, using many original dies, plans, and other information from the war. The construction was sub-contracted to Aerostar SA of Bacău, Romania; both companies have been involved in a number of warbird replica projects.

Werk numbers continued from where the German war machine left off, with the new Fw 190 A-8s being labeled "Fw 190 A-8/N" (N for Nachbau: "replica"). Some of these new Fw 190s are known to be fitted with the original tail wheel units from the Second World War; a small cache of tail gear having been discovered. In November 2005, the first flights were completed.

Ironically, since the BMW 801 engines are no longer available, a Chinese licensed Soviet-designed engine, the Shvetsov ASh-82FN 14-cylinder twin-row radial engine of similar configuration and slightly smaller displacement (41.2 litres versus 41.8) to the original BMW powerplants, which powered some of the Fw 190s opposition: the La-5 and La-7, powers the new Fw 190 A-8/N.

Flugwerk was also instrumental in the restoration of perhaps the only Fw 190 A-9 in existence. The aircraft is based at the Everett, Washington-based Flying Heritage Collection and is flown at the FHC Open Days.[citation needed]

A Fw 190 A-8/N participated in the Finnish war movie Tali-Ihantala 1944, painted in the same markings as Oberst Erich Rudorffer's aircraft in 1944.[8] The movie was released in December 2007.[9]

In Dijon, France; another Flug Werk-built Fw 190 (F-AZZJ) is based with owner Christophe Jacquard. It was assigned the production number 990013, and first flew on 9 May 2009. It sea-landed and was severely damaged on 9 June 2010 near Hyères after an engine failure; pilot Marc Mathis escaped uninjured.[10]

A Fw 190 A-8/N is in the collection of the Tri-State Warbird Museum in Batavia, Ohio. It was bought by an Indiana doctor, and later donated to the museum. It is currently undergoing repairs to replace the engine and return it to flight status.[11]

For the 2010 Reno Air Races a Flug Werk-built FW 190 A-9 "White 14" entered the unlimited competition in stock configuration, thus not likely to challenge the highly modified racers. It was constructed by "Flugzeugbau", construction #: 980 574 (painted on tail 980574), its registration number is N190RF and is currently located at the Planes of Fame Air Museum in Chino, CA.

As part of the run of 20 examples, FlugWerk also produced a limited number of 'long nose' Fw 190D examples. Work recently completed on a Fw 190 D-9, powered by a modified Allison V-1710 V-12, the powerplant of the P-39 Airacobra, another foe of the Fw 190 often flown by Soviet forces (Lend-Lease) in World War II. This aircraft, presented as "Black 12", an Fw 190 D-9 flown by Leutnant Theo Nibel in the 10. / JG 54 and lost due to a bird strike on the morning of 1 Jan 45 during Operation Bodenplatte, is a reproduction Fw 190D-9 Dora (WNr. 210079) and is now located in the Cottbus Hangar of the Military Aviation Museum in Pungo, Virginia, USA.

Others[edit]

The White 1 Foundation, primarily involved in the restoration to airworthiness of an original Fw 190 F (the White 1, last flown by Unteroffizier Heinz Orlowski in World War II) that served with the "Arctic Ocean Fighter Wing" of the Luftwaffe, JG 5 "Eismeer" before that aircraft's transfer in 2012 to The Collings Foundation of Stow, Massachusetts; also has a pair of vintage Junkers Jumo 213 engines in its collection, complete with original annular radiators, possibly as vintage Kraftei power-egg unitized engine installations, and apparently plans an Fw 190 D-9 reproduction aircraft project of its own based on one of the engines. During the aircraft's restoration Herr Orlowski visited the Kissimmee facility in 2005 and briefly sat in the cockpit of the same "White 1" aircraft he flew in World War II.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Matt (January 3, 2011). "A Real Focke-Wulf Fw 190 is In the Air!". Airpigz.com (blog). Retrieved October 30, 2012. 
  2. ^ "First engine start video of this Fw 190's new powerplant." youtube.com Retrieved: 23 August 2010.
  3. ^ "Second engine start video of this Fw 190's new powerplant." youtube.com Retrieved: 23 August 2010.
  4. ^ United States Air Force Museum Guidebook 1975, p. 39.
  5. ^ Flying Heritage Collection - Focke-Wulf Fw 190 D-13 (Dora), Flying Heritage Collection, retrieved 12 Dec 2013 
  6. ^ "Images of the recovery operation and the aircraft." ba.no: Norwegian newspaper BA. Retrieved: 23 August 2010.
  7. ^ "Flight GmbH—Focke-Wulf 190 (Translation)." flugwerk.de. Retrieved: 19 December 2007.
  8. ^ "Fw 190 replica." Flug Werk. Retrieved: 23 August 2010.
  9. ^ "Tali-Ihantala 1944." IMDB. Retrieved: 27 January 2008.
  10. ^ Vives, Agnès. "Léon, le pilote multimiraculé (French)." leparisien.fr, 2 July 2010. Retrieved: 14 August 2010.
  11. ^ "Planes Being Restored at the Tri-State Warbird Museum". tristatewarbirdmuseum.org. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 

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External links[edit]