List of tallest buildings and structures in Birmingham

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This article is about the tallest buildings in the English city of Birmingham. For buildings in the U.S. city of the same name, see List of tallest buildings in Birmingham, Alabama.

This list of tallest buildings in Birmingham ranks skyscrapers and other structures by height in Birmingham, England.

High-rise development in Birmingham was most active during the post-war development phase of the 1960s in which many box-shaped towers were constructed out of concrete and this also included a large amount of tower blocks housing flats. These towers are now either being demolished or being renovated like The Rotunda on New Street, which has undergone a dramatic makeover.

High-rise development slowed during the 1980s and early 1990s however is increasing once again with the recent completions of Holloway Circus Tower and the Orion Building and many proposed projects in development areas such as the Eastside. Many of these new high-rises contain residential properties which are promoting city living. The Snowhill development will also dramatically increase the office space available in the city centre as Birmingham hopes to capitalise on its recent good fortunes of attracting overseas investment. The recent announcement of High Speed Rail 2 linking London to Birmingham and beyond will be an additional marketing tool Birmingham will hope to capitalise on. There are three buildings that have been approved for construction which are taller than Holloway Circus Tower - currently the tallest habitable building in Birmingham.

In recent years, Birmingham City Council has relaxed its attitudes towards tall skyscrapers. However, some restrictions remain. Birmingham City Centre is located on a 110m sandstone ridge. As a result, the Civil Aviation Authority has imposed a maximum height limit at 242m. Prospects of building between 130m to 175m would normally require consultation with Birmingham Airport. Skyscraper proposals with heights between 175m to 242m would require consultation with the CAA.[1] It is not known why these restrictions are in place considering the fact that Birmingham City Centre is not on the approach path to Birmingham Airport.[2]

There are currently 2 skyscrapers with a height of 100 metres (328 ft) or more,[3] and 191 high-rise buildings with a height of at least 35 metres (115 ft) ore more.[4]

The skyline of Birmingham City Centre in June 2012.

Tallest buildings and structures[edit]

This list ranks externally complete Birmingham buildings and free-standing structures that stand more than 50 metres (164 ft) tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equals sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed. Buildings that have been demolished are not included.

Rank Name Use Image Height (m) Height (ft) Floors Year Coordinates Notes
1 BT Tower Masts BT Tower, Birmingham.JPG 152 499 1966 [5]
2 10 Holloway Circus Hotel/Residential Holloway Circus Tower Birmingham.JPG 130 427 40 2005
52°16′59″N 1°32′26″W / 52.283146°N 1.54059°W / 52.283146; -1.54059
[6]
3 Alpha Tower Office Alpha Tower, Birmingham - geograph.org.uk - 185206.jpg 100 328 28 1973
52°17′03″N 1°32′32″W / 52.2843°N 1.5423°W / 52.2843; -1.5423
[7]
4 Joseph Chamberlain Memorial Clock Tower Clock Tower Joseph Chamberlain Memorial Clock Tower.jpg 99 325 1908 [8]
5= Orion Building Residential Orion Building -Birmingham -UK(2).JPG 90 295 28 2007
52°17′02″N 1°32′54″W / 52.283895°N 1.54847°W / 52.283895; -1.54847
[9]
5= Clydesdale Tower Residential The Sentinels, Birmingham.jpg 90 295 32 1972
52°28′28″N 1°54′05″W / 52.47449°N 1.90132°W / 52.47449; -1.90132
[10]
5= Cleveland Tower Residential Cleveland Tower and Holloway Circus Tower.jpg 90 295 32 1971
52°28′28″N 1°54′05″W / 52.47449°N 1.90132°W / 52.47449; -1.90132
[11]
8 The Rotunda Residential Rotunda, Birmingham July 2007.JPG 81 266 23 1965
52°17′03″N 1°32′04″W / 52.284203°N 1.534340°W / 52.284203; -1.534340
[12]
9 103 Colmore Row Office NatWestTowerBirmingham.JPG 80 262 23 1976
52°17′06″N 1°32′44″W / 52.285114°N 1.54549°W / 52.285114; -1.54549
[13]
10 Tyseley Energy from Waste Plant Chimney Birmingham energy recovery facility 24y07.JPG 80 262 1996 [14]
11= Centre City Tower Office Campus in Birmingham.jpg 76 249 21 1975
52°17′00″N 1°32′08″W / 52.283366°N 1.535461°W / 52.283366; -1.535461
[15]
12= Five Ways Tower Office Five Ways Tower.jpg 76 249 22 1979
52°16′54″N 1°32′45″W / 52.281674°N 1.545878°W / 52.281674; -1.545878
[16]
13= Hyatt Regency Hotel Hyatt Regency -Birmingham -UK.jpg 75 246 24 1990
52°28′41″N 1°54′32″W / 52.477933°N 1.908907°W / 52.477933; -1.908907
[17]
14= Two Snowhill Office Two Snowhill Birmingham.jpg 75 246 15 2013
52°28′41″N 1°54′32″W / 52.477933°N 1.908907°W / 52.477933; -1.908907
[18]
15 1 Snow Hill Plaza Hotel Snow Hill Plaza -Birmingham -UK.JPG 72 236 20 1973
52°17′43″N 1°32′07″W / 52.29539°N 1.535394°W / 52.29539; -1.535394
[19]
16 The Cube Office/Residential/Commercial The Cube birmingham.jpg 70.4 231 23 2010
52°28′30″N 1°54′25″W / 52.4750°N 1.9070°W / 52.4750; -1.9070
[20]
17= Londonderry House Residential/Car Park Londonderry House, Birmingham.jpg 70 230 17 [21]
17= Colmore Gate Office Colmore -Birmingham -UK.JPG 70 230 15 1992
52°17′08″N 1°32′06″W / 52.285665°N 1.534948°W / 52.285665; -1.534948
[22]
17= Quayside Tower Office Quayside Tower -Birmingham -UK.JPG 70 230 19 1965
52°17′02″N 1°32′38″W / 52.283803°N 1.543963°W / 52.283803; -1.543963
[23]
17= The McLaren Building Office McLaren Building, Bham.jpg 69 226 21 1979
52°17′08″N 1°32′00″W / 52.285546°N 1.533231°W / 52.285546; -1.533231
[24]
17= Metropolitan House Office 1 Hagley Road, Birmingham.JPG 69 226 19 1974
52°16′56″N 1°33′04″W / 52.282345°N 1.551061°W / 52.282345; -1.551061
[25]
17= Edgbaston House Office Edgbaston House, Birmingham.jpg 69 226 18 1976
52°16′56″N 1°33′11″W / 52.282252°N 1.552945°W / 52.282252; -1.552945
[26]
23 Midland Building Office 67 220 17 [27]
24 Bank House Office 66 217 20 1967 [28]
25 Brindley House Mixed 65 213 18 1967 [29]
26= Fifty4 Hagley Road Office 64 210 18 [30]
26= Cumberland House Office Cumberland House, Birmingham.jpg 64 210 18 [31]
26= Centenary Plaza Residential 63 207 20 2002 [32]
26= Queen Elizabeth Hospital Public Facility Birmingham Super Hospital from south under construction.jpg 63 207 14 2006
26= Muirhead Tower University Muirhead Tower.jpg 62 203 15 1971 [33]
26= Hagley House Office Hagley House, Birmingham.jpg 62 203 17 1965 [34]
26= St Martin in the Bull Ring Place of Worship St Martins church and Bullring -Birmingham -England.jpg 61 200 N/A 1855 [35]
26= Trident House Residential 61 200 19 1981 [36]
26= Jurys Inn Hotel Jurys Inn -Birmingham -UK.JPG 61 200 18 1975 [37]
35= Library of Birmingham Library LoB 001 20131030.jpg 60 197 10 2013 [38]
35= Aston Student Village Phase I Residential Aston University Student Accommodation phase 1.jpg 60 197 18 2010 [39]
35= Aston Student Village Phase II Residential Aston University Student Village phase 2 completed - James Watt Queensway.jpg 60 197 18 2013 [40]
38= Briarley Residential 59 194 21 1966 [41]
38= Churchill House Residential 59 194 21 1966 [42]
38= Windsor House Office 59 194 14 [43]
38= Lloyd House Office 59 194 13 [44]
38= Lyndon House Office Lyndon House, Birmingham.jpg 59 194 17 [45]
38= Clyde Tower Residential 59 194 20 1967 [46]
38= 11 Brindleyplace Office 59 194 13 2008
45= Auchinleck House Mixed Auchinleck House, Birmingham.jpg 58 190 13 1964 [47]
45= Church of St Peter and St Paul Place of Worship Aston church Birmingham.jpg 58 190 N/A 1480 [48]
45= Barry Jackson Tower Residential 58 190 20 1972 [49]
48= Warstone Tower Residential 57 187 20 1967 [50]
48= One Snowhill Mixed Snow Hill Plaza.jpg 57 187 12 2009 [51]
48= City Centre House Mixed 57 187 13 1965 [52]
48= Pritchett Towers Residential 57 187 20 1971 [53]
48= Hodgson Tower Residential 57 187 20 1971 [54]
48= Sapphire Tower Residential 57 187 20 1971 [55]
48= Durham Tower Residential 57 187 20 1970 [56]
48= Studley Tower Residential 57 187 20 1969 [57]
48= Victor Tower Residential 57 187 20 1969 [58]
48= Century Tower Residential Century Tower - Bristol Road, Edgbaston 57 187 20 1968 [59]
48= Holbrooke Tower Residential 57 187 20 1968 [60]
48= Salisbury Tower Residential 57 187 20 1968 [61]
48= Brinklow Tower Residential 57 187 20 1967 [62]
48= Canterbury Tower Residential 57 187 20 1967 [63]
48= Wickets Tower Residential Wickets Tower - Pershore Road, Edgbaston 57 187 20 1967 [64]
48= Wilmcote Tower Residential 57 187 20 1967 [65]
64 Three Brindleyplace Mixed Brindleyplace 3 with tower.jpg 55 180 13 1998 [66]
63 Block M Masshouse Circus Residential Hive Masshouse.jpg 54.5 179 15 2011 [67]
64= Colmore Plaza Office Colmore Plaza.jpg 54 177 14 2008 [68]
64= Albany House Mixed 54 177 12 1962 [69]
66= Normansell Tower Residential 52 171 18 1972 [70]
66= Norfolk Tower Residential 52 171 18 1971 [71]
66= Cornwall Tower Residential 52 171 18 1970 [72]
66= Eight Brindleyplace Mixed 8 Brindleyplace.jpg 52 171 14 2002 [73]
70= Axis Office Axis Building, Birmingham.jpg 51 167 12 [74]
70= 1 Colmore Row Office One Colmore Row.jpg 51 167 12 2004 [75]

Tallest under construction, approved and proposed[edit]

Under construction[edit]

Rank Name Use Height Floors Image Notes
metres feet
1 Beorma Quarter Office 107 351 27 Estimated completion: 2018.[76]

Approved[edit]

Rank Name Use Height Floors Image Notes
metres feet
1 V Building Residential 152 499 51 V Building.jpg Proposed in 2006.[77]
2 103 Colmore Row Office 152 441 35 103 Colmore Row Future.jpg Approved in 2008.[78]
3 Broad Street Tower Hotel and residential 134 440 38 Proposed in 2005.[79]
4 Block 3, Martineau Galleries Residential 110 361 30 Proposed in 2006. [80]
5 Retail Quarter, Park Central Residential 90 295 28 Proposed in 2005.[81]
6 121 Suffolk Street Queensway Hotel 82.5 271 25 Approved in 2010.[82]
7 Lancaster Gateway Residential 73 240 21 Proposed in 2008.[83]
8 Birmingham Magistrates' Court Government 58 190 11 Proposed in 2008. On hold[84]
9 Bristol Road Gateway Tower Residential 55 180 18 [85]

Proposed[edit]

Rank Name Use Height Floors Image Notes
metres feet
1 Regal Tower Hotel and residential 199 653 56 Regal Tower Birmingham.jpg Redesigned in 2012.[86][87]
2 49-51 Holloway Head Residential 75 246 20 [88]
3 St George House Redevelopment Residential 75 246 20 [89]

Unbuilt[edit]

This lists proposals for the construction of buildings in Birmingham that were planned to rise at least 100 metres (328 ft), for which planning permission was rejected or which were otherwise withdrawn.

Rank Name Use Height Floors Year Image Notes
metres feet
1 VTP200 Observation Tower 200 656 10 2010 [90]
2 Arena Central Tower Office 175 574 50 2007
  • The Arena Central project was originally masterplanned by HOK International in 1998. The plan called for a landmark 50-storey tower of around 245 metres (805 feet) in height, always intended to be built as one of the latter phases of the scheme. In the aftermath of the World Trade Center attack and after considering market forces, the developers removed 15-storeys from the planned tower.[91]
  • Superseded by the V Building.[91]
The Birmingham Pinnacle Observation Tower 175 574 2008 The Pinnacle was proposed as Europe's first vertical theme park. It would have provided a range of theme park rides, an observation deck, restaurants, shops, bars and leisure facilities. Superseded by VTP200.[92]
4 Bull Ring Tower Office 160 525 35 1990 Developed by London and Edinburgh Trust and designed by Chapman Taylor were plans that surfaced continuously between 1987 and 1990 for the redevelopment of the Bull Ring Shopping Centre in Birmingham and the demolition of the Rotunda.

In the place of the Rotunda was to stand a 160 metre tall office block, a Post Modern design with Art Deco hints of a similar manner to One Liberty Place in Philadelphia. The recession at the start of the 1990s however saw the plans fail to come to fruition and the Rotunda was later listed and restored.[93]

5 Post and Mail Scheme (Tower 1 Scheme C) Office 150 492 35 2010 [94]
6 Rough Diamond Hotel Tower Hotel 120 394 [95]
Rough Diamond Office Tower Office 120 394 [96]
Rough Diamond Residential Tower Residential 120 394 [97]
9 No 1 Snow Hill Plaza Office 118 387 29 2011 1 Snow Hill Plaza was to be constructed on the site of the Kennedy Tower, however these proposals were dropped following the collapse of the developer, Kenmore. The building that stands on the site has now been renovated and turned into a new Holiday Inn Express indicating that the proposal for a new office building is permanently dead.[98]

Demolished[edit]

This lists buildings and structures in Birmingham that were demolished or are undergoing demolition and at one time stood at least 60 metres (197 ft) in height.

Rank Name Use Completed Demolished Height Floors Image Notes
metres feet
1 Birmingham Post and Mail HQ Office 1964 2005 67 222 16 Post and Mail building, Birmingham - partial demolition - Andy Mabbett - 02.JPG The building was designed by John Madin and was one of his key modernist buildings. It was demolished in the 2005 to make way for Colmore Plaza, which stands at 54 metres (177 ft).
2 Stephenson Tower Residential 1967 2011 63 207 20 Stephenson Tower, Birmingham.JPG Demolished in the summer of 2011 as part of site clearance for the redeveloped New Street railway station[99][100]
3 Wheel of Birmingham Ferris Wheel 2004 2006 62 203 Birmingham -wheel -UK.JPG [101]
4 Dalton Tower Residential 1971 2011 61 200 21 Aston Uni student blocks.JPG Demolished on the 8th May 2011 in a controlled implosion as part of phase II of the Aston University student village development.[102][103]
5 Stafford Tower Residential 1971 2014 58 190 21 Stafford Tower, Birmingham.jpg Demolished on the 27th April 2014 in a controlled implosion as part of phase II of the Aston University student village development.

Timeline of tallest buildings and structures[edit]

The Joseph Chamberlain Memorial Clock Tower was the tallest structure in Birmingham from 1908 until 1969

This lists free-standing structures that once held the title of tallest structure in Birmingham.

Name Location Years as tallest Height
metres / ft
Floors Reference
St Philip's Cathedral Colmore Row 1725–1777 01.040 / 131 03.0N/A [104]
Church of SS Peter and Paul Aston 1777–1855 02.057.9 / 190 04.0N/A [105]
St Martin in the Bull Ring The Bull Ring 1855–1908 02.061 / 200 04.0N/A [106]
Joseph Chamberlain Memorial Clock Tower University of Birmingham 1908–1966 02.0110 / 360 04.0N/A [107]
BT Tower Jewellery Quarter 1966–Present 02.0152 / 498 04.0N/A [108]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.skyscrapernews.com/news.php?ref=646
  2. ^ http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=319966
  3. ^ http://www.emporis.com/city/birmingham-unitedkingdom/skyscrapers
  4. ^ http://www.emporis.com/city/birmingham-unitedkingdom/existing-buildings/10
  5. ^ BT Tower
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ Alpha Tower
  8. ^ Joseph Chamberlain Memorial Clock Tower
  9. ^ Orion Building
  10. ^ Clydesdale Tower
  11. ^ Cleveland Tower
  12. ^ The Rotunda
  13. ^ 103 Colmore Row
  14. ^ Tyseley Energy from Waste Plant
  15. ^ Centre City Tower
  16. ^ Five Ways Tower
  17. ^ Hyatt Regency
  18. ^ Two Snowhill
  19. ^ 1 Snow Hill Plaza
  20. ^ [2]
  21. ^ Londonderry House
  22. ^ Colmore Gate
  23. ^ Quayside Tower
  24. ^ The McLaren Building
  25. ^ Metropolitan House
  26. ^ Edgbaston House
  27. ^ Midland Building
  28. ^ Bank House
  29. ^ Brindley House
  30. ^ Fifty4 Hagley Road
  31. ^ Cumberland House
  32. ^ Centenary Plaza
  33. ^ Muirhead Tower
  34. ^ Hagley House
  35. ^ St Martin in the Bull Ring
  36. ^ Trident House
  37. ^ Jurys Inn
  38. ^ [3]
  39. ^ Block A and B
  40. ^ Block C
  41. ^ Briarley
  42. ^ Churchill House
  43. ^ Churchill House
  44. ^ Lloyd House
  45. ^ Lyndon House
  46. ^ Clyde Tower
  47. ^ Lawrence Tower
  48. ^ Church of St Peter and St Paul
  49. ^ Barry Jackson Tower
  50. ^ Warstone Tower
  51. ^ One Snowhill
  52. ^ City Centre House
  53. ^ Pritchett Towers
  54. ^ Hodgson Tower
  55. ^ Sapphire Tower
  56. ^ Durham Tower
  57. ^ Studley Tower
  58. ^ Victor Tower
  59. ^ Century Tower
  60. ^ Holbrooke Tower
  61. ^ Salisbury Tower
  62. ^ Brinklow Tower
  63. ^ Canterbury Tower
  64. ^ Wickets Tower
  65. ^ Wilmcote Tower
  66. ^ Three Brindleyplace
  67. ^ [4]
  68. ^ Colmore Plaza
  69. ^ Albany House
  70. ^ Normansell Tower
  71. ^ Norfolk Tower
  72. ^ Cornwall Tower
  73. ^ Eight Brindleyplace
  74. ^ Axis
  75. ^ 1 Colmore Row
  76. ^ Beorma Quarter
  77. ^ V Building
  78. ^ 103 Colmore Row
  79. ^ Broad Street Tower
  80. ^ Block 3, Martineau Galleries
  81. ^ Retail Quarter, Park Central
  82. ^ 121 Suffolk Street Queensway
  83. ^ Lancaster Gateway
  84. ^ Birmingham Magistrates' Court
  85. ^ Bristol Road Gateway Tower
  86. ^ Regal Tower
  87. ^ http://kewbirmingham.co.uk/2012/03/23/weekly-news-friday-23-mar-2012/
  88. ^ http://www.skyscrapernews.com/buildings.php?id=6273
  89. ^ http://www.skyscrapernews.com/buildings.php?id=5566
  90. ^ http://www.emporis.com/building/vtp200-birmingham-united-kingdom
  91. ^ a b http://www.emporis.com/building/arenacentraltower-birmingham-unitedkingdom
  92. ^ http://www.emporis.com/building/the-birmingham-pinnacle-birmingham-united-kingdom
  93. ^ http://www.skyscrapernews.com/buildings.php?id=6486
  94. ^ http://www.skyscrapernews.com/buildings.php?id=560
  95. ^ http://www.emporis.com/building/rough-diamond-hotel-tower-birmingham-united-kingdom
  96. ^ http://www.emporis.com/building/rough-diamond-office-tower-birmingham-united-kingdom
  97. ^ http://www.emporis.com/building/rough-diamond-residential-tower-birmingham-united-kingdom
  98. ^ http://www.skyscrapernews.com/buildings.php?id=5396
  99. ^ "Birmingham tower block comes down". Birmingham Post. Retrieved 2011-07-01. 
  100. ^ "Stephenson Tower". Skyscrapernews.com. Retrieved 2011-09-08. 
  101. ^ http://www.skyscrapernews.com/buildings.php?id=1160
  102. ^ "Tower blocks demolished for second phase of £215m student village". Aston University. Retrieved 2011-07-01. 
  103. ^ "Dalton Tower". Skyscrapernews.com. Retrieved 2011-09-08. 
  104. ^ "St Philip's Cathedral". Skyscraperpage.com. Retrieved 2011-09-08. 
  105. ^ "SS Peter and Paul". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  106. ^ "St Martins in the Bull Ring". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  107. ^ "JC Clock Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  108. ^ "BT Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 

External links[edit]