List of tallest buildings and structures in Liverpool

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Architectural styles vary greatly throughout the city centre which has a long history of constructing tall buildings

This list of the tallest buildings and structures in Liverpool ranks skyscrapers and structures in Liverpool, England, by height (buildings in the wider Liverpool urban area are listed separately within the article). The tallest building in Liverpool is currently the 40-storey West Tower, which rises 140 metres (459 ft) on Liverpool's waterfront. It is also the 15th-tallest building in the United Kingdom.[1] Liverpool is a city undergoing mass regeneration and older buildings are being demolished to make way for new developments. During the mid-2000s (decade), ten 1960s apartment blocks over 50 metres (164 ft) tall in the city were demolished.[2]

The history of tall buildings and structures in Liverpool began in 1911, with the completion of the Royal Liver Building, which stood at 295 feet (90 metres)[3] and was widely reported to be Britain's first skyscraper.[4] This period marked the pinnacle of Liverpool's economic success, when it regarded itself as the "second city" of the British Empire.[5][6] In 1965 the Liver Building's 54-year reign as the tallest building in Liverpool came to an end, with the completion of Radio City Tower. At 138 metres (453 ft) it was originally going to be a ventilation shaft but was later converted into a revolving restaurant and then in 2000 a radio station.[7] In 2008, Radio City Tower was topped by the Beetham Organizations' West Tower by 2 metres.[8] However this record could soon be broken by the proposed King Edward Tower at 170 m,[9] which would also become one of the tallest buildings in the United Kingdom outside London upon completion.[10]

There is also an ambitious proposal named Liverpool Waters which if built would include most of the city's tallest buildings, with numerous being over fifty storeys tall.[11] However plans for this development so close to the main waterfront could affect the city's status as a World Heritage Site according to English Heritage.

The tallest building ever envisaged for Liverpool was the Otterspool Tower at 305 metres (1,001 ft) and 79 storeys. However, the centrepiece for a proposed 1980s 'garden festival' was never built.[12] As of 2010, the tallest building pending approval is the Shanghai Tower which will contain 60 storeys and be at least 200 metres (656 ft) tall if and when built.[13]

Panoramic view of Liverpool seen from the River Mersey in January 2009. The Three Graces, Liverpool's two cathedrals (Anglican and Roman Catholic) and skyscrapers of the new commercial district are all visible.

Tallest buildings and structures in Liverpool[edit]

This list ranks the top 38 completed buildings and structures in Liverpool at least 45m tall, which excludes buildings under construction, proposed buildings and cancelled buildings.

An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings.

Rank Name (alternate names) Image Height
m (ft)
Floors Year Coordinates Notes
1 West Tower
(Beetham West Tower)
West Tower, Liverpool, England.jpg
140 (459)
01.0
40
2008
53°24′36″N 2°59′48″W / 53.40987°N 2.99668°W / 53.40987; -2.99668
[8]
2 Radio City Tower
(St. John's Beacon, St. John's Tower)
St John's Beacon - Liverpool - 2005-06-27.jpg
138 (457)
35.0
N/A
1965
53°24′23″N 2°58′55″W / 53.40639°N 2.98194°W / 53.40639; -2.98194
[14]
3 Liverpool Cathedral
(Cathedral Church of Christ in Liverpool, Anglican Cathedral)
Liverpool Cathedral - geograph.org.uk - 310159.jpg
101 (331)
03.0
N/A
1978
53°23′51″N 2°58′23″W / 53.39750°N 2.97306°W / 53.39750; -2.97306
[15]
4= Beetham Tower Beetham tower liverpool.jpg
90 (295)
16.0
27
2004
53°24′36″N 2°59′49″W / 53.410°N 2.997°W / 53.410; -2.997
[16]
4= Royal Liver Building
(The Liver Building, Royal Liver Assurance)
Royal Liver Building Liverpool 3.jpg
90 (295)
04.0
13
1911
53°24′21″N 2°59′45″W / 53.40583°N 2.99583°W / 53.40583; -2.99583
[17]
6 Alexandra Tower Alexandra Tower 112.jpg 88 (289) 27 2008 53°24′23″N 2°59′50″W / 53.40625°N 2.99726°W / 53.40625; -2.99726 [18]
7 Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral
(Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral of Christ the King)
The steps leading up to the main entrance of the Metropolitan Cathedral - geograph.org.uk - 1206795.jpg 87 (285) N/A 1967 53°24′17″N 2°58′04″W / 53.404754°N 2.967725°W / 53.404754; -2.967725 [19]
8 Unity Residential Unity Residential close up.jpg 86 (282) 27 2007 53°24′27″N 2°59′42″W / 53.407478°N 2.995120°W / 53.407478; -2.995120 [20]
9 New Hall Place
(The Capital, Royal & SunAlliance Building)
New Hall Place, Liverpool, England.jpg
76 (249) 13 1974 53°24′33″N 2°59′41″W / 53.409189°N 2.994693°W / 53.409189; -2.994693 [21]
10= 1 Princes Dock 1 princes dock.jpg 73 (240) 22 2006 53°24′39″N 2°59′58″W / 53.410893°N 2.999517°W / 53.410893; -2.999517 [22]
10= Metropolitan House
(City Tower, Post & Echo Building)
Liverpool Post and Echo Building.jpg 73 (240) 18 1974 53°24′34″N 2°59′40″W / 53.409505°N 2.994565°W / 53.409505; -2.994565 [23]
12 Royal Liverpool University Hospital Boiler House 67 (220) N/A 1978 53°24′37″N 2°57′48″W / 53.410414°N 2.963262°W / 53.410414; -2.963262 [24]
13 Unity Commercial Unitycommercial2.jpg 64 (210) 16 2007 53°24′27″N 2°59′42″W / 53.407478°N 2.995120°W / 53.407478; -2.995120 [20]
14= The Plaza
(Sir John Moores Building)
Plaza, Liverpool.jpg 65 (213) 18 1965 53°24′39″N 2°59′41″W / 53.410915°N 2.994734°W / 53.410915; -2.994734 [25]
14= Port of Liverpool Building
(MDHB Building, Dock Office)
Port of Liverpool Building and statue of King Edward VII.jpg 65 (213) 7 1907 53°24′15″N 2°59′41″W / 53.40417°N 2.99472°W / 53.40417; -2.99472 [26]
16 Welsh Presbyterian Church
(Toxteth Cathedral)
Welsh Presbyterian church, Princes Road, Liverpool.jpg 61 (200) N/A 1868 53°23′38″N 2°57′50″W / 53.39379°N 2.96383°W / 53.39379; -2.96383 [27]
17= Mann Island Building 3 Mann Island 3 Close Up.jpg 60 (197) 13
2011
53°24′14″N 2°59′35″W / 53.403990°N 2.992947°W / 53.403990; -2.992947 [28]
17= George's Dock Ventilation Building for Queensway Tunnel Liverpool Queensway Tunnel ventilation tower and offices Pierhead.jpg 60 (197) 6 1934 53°24′17″N 2°59′38″W / 53.404614°N 2.993925°W / 53.404614; -2.993925 [29]
17= North John Street Ventilation Station 60 (197) N/A
1935
53°24′25″N 2°59′22″W / 53.406874°N 2.989419°W / 53.406874; -2.989419 [30]
17= Liverpool Big Wheel Liverpool One Wheel head on.JPG
60 (197)
01.0
N/A
2009
53°23′54″N 2°59′26″W / 53.3984°N 2.9905°W / 53.3984; -2.9905
[31]
21 Liverpool John Lennon Airport Control Tower John lennon airport tower.jpg 55 (180) N/A 2002 53°19′48″N 2°50′51″W / 53.329947°N 2.847621°W / 53.329947; -2.847621 [32]
22 Church of Our Lady and St. Nicholas
(Liverpool Parish Church, the Sailors' Church, Landmark Tower)
Church of Our Lady and Saint Nicholas, Liverpool 6.jpg 53 (175) N/A 1868 53°24′25″N 2°59′41″W / 53.407028°N 2.994853°W / 53.407028; -2.994853 [33]
23 One Park West Block B One Park West.jpg 52 (171) 17 2009 53°24′11″N 2°59′23″W / 53.402944°N 2.989612°W / 53.402944; -2.989612 [34]
24= Silkhouse Court Silkhouse Court.jpg 50 (165) 15 53°24′31″N 2°59′30″W / 53.408624°N 2.991682°W / 53.408624; -2.991682 [35]
24= Mann Island Building 2 Mann Island Building 2.jpg 50 (165) 13 2011 53°24′14″N 2°59′35″W / 53.403990°N 2.992947°W / 53.403990; -2.992947 [36]
24= Wellington Building Wellington Building, Liverpool.jpg 50 (165) 12 53°24′21″N 2°59′37″W / 53.405707°N 2.993646°W / 53.405707; -2.993646 [37]
27= Mann Island Building 1 Mann Island Building 1.jpg 49 (160) 13 2011 53°24′14″N 2°59′35″W / 53.403990°N 2.992947°W / 53.403990; -2.992947 [38]
27= St. Mary's Church St Mary's Church, West Derby - geograph.org.uk - 37445.jpg 49 (160) N/A 1856 53°26′00″N 2°54′31″W / 53.433463°N 2.908657°W / 53.433463; -2.908657 [39]
27= Church of Saint Francis Xavier Liverpool SFX.jpg 49 (160) N/A 1848 53°24′48″N 2°58′11″W / 53.413219°N 2.969742°W / 53.413219; -2.969742 [40]
30= Candia Towers Candia and Crete Towers, Liverpool.jpg 47 (154) 16 1967 53°25′43″N 2°58′36″W / 53.428714°N 2.976705°W / 53.428714; -2.976705 [41]
30= Crete Towers Candia and Crete Towers, Liverpool.jpg 47 (154) 16 1967 53°25′43″N 2°58′39″W / 53.428573°N 2.977434°W / 53.428573; -2.977434 [42]
30= Marwood Towers Marwood Tower, Liverpool.jpg 47 (154) 16 1965 53°25′36″N 2°58′46″W / 53.426636°N 2.979548°W / 53.426636; -2.979548 [43]
30= View 146 Tower 1
(Millburn Heights)
View 146, Liverpool.jpg 47 (154) 16 1965 53°25′23″N 2°58′30″W / 53.423024°N 2.97501°W / 53.423024; -2.97501 [44]
30= Royal Liverpool University Hospital Royal Liverpool University Hospital - geograph.org.uk - 209169.jpg 47 (154) 12 1978 53°24′34″N 2°57′49″W / 53.409493°N 2.963734°W / 53.409493; -2.963734 [45]
35= View 146 Tower 2
(Bryford Heights)
View 146, Liverpool.jpg 46 (151) 16 1965 53°25′22″N 2°58′33″W / 53.422845°N 2.975922°W / 53.422845; -2.975922 [46]
35= One Park West Block A One Park West Block A.jpg 46 (151) 15 2009 53°24′11″N 2°59′25″W / 53.40313°N 2.990416°W / 53.40313; -2.990416 [47]
37= The Strand Travelodge 45 (148) 11 2012 53°24′16″N 2°59′31″W / 53.40431°N 2.99201°W / 53.40431; -2.99201 [48]
37= Municipal Building Municipal Buildings Liverpool 4.jpg 45 (148) 3 1866 53°24′30″N 2°59′10″W / 53.408464°N 2.986221°W / 53.408464; -2.986221 [49]
The eight tallest buildings and structures in Liverpool.

Tallest buildings and structures by usage[edit]

Tallest residential building

West Tower - 140 m (460 ft)

Tallest observation tower

Radio City Tower - 138 m (453 ft)

Tallest religious building

Liverpool Cathedral - 101 m (331 ft)

Tallest commercial building

Royal Liver Building - 90 m (300 ft)

Tallest chimney stack

Royal Liverpool University Hospital Boiler House - 67 m (220 ft)

Tallest church spire

Welsh Presbyterian Church - 61 m (200 ft)

Tallest ferris wheel

Liverpool Big Wheel - 60 m (200 ft)

Tallest air traffic control tower

Liverpool John Lennon Airport Control Tower - 55 m (180 ft)

Tallest hospital

Royal Liverpool University Hospital - 47 m (154 ft)

Tallest hotel

The Strand Travelodge - 45 m (148 ft)

Tallest government building

Municipal Buildings - 45 m (148 ft)

Tallest museum or gallery

Victoria Gallery & Museum - 40 m (130 ft)

Tallest monument

Wellington's Column - 40 m (130 ft)

Tallest retail building

Site 6 Paradise Street - 37 m (121 ft)

Tallest water tower

Everton water tower - 26 m (85 ft)

Tallest under construction, approved and proposed in Liverpool[edit]

Below are sub-sections for the tallest under construction, approved and proposed buildings and structures in Liverpool. Cancelled projects such as the Otterspool Tower, Brunswick Quay, the Fourth Grace Towers and Lime Street Gateway are not included.[50]

Under construction[edit]

This lists buildings that are under construction in Liverpool (over 45m).

Name Height m (ft) Floors Year
(est.)
Coordinates Notes
Central Station Tower 1 76 (249) 25
53°24′15″N 2°58′43″W / 53.40404°N 2.97863°W / 53.40404; -2.97863
[51]
Central Station Tower 2 61 (200) 20
53°24′13″N 2°58′40″W / 53.40354°N 2.97785°W / 53.40354; -2.97785
[52]

Approved[edit]

This lists buildings that have been approved in Liverpool (over 45m).

Name Height m (ft) Floors Year
(est.)
Notes
Plot 3a Princes Dock 105 (344) 33 [53]
Greenburgs Tower 76 (249) 25 [54]
30 Pall Mall 72 (236) 18 [55]
Queens Dock Tower 67 (220) 22 [56]
The Quarter Phase 3 67 (220) 22 [57][58]
New World Square Tower Building 57 (187) 18 [59][60]
740 Great George Street 46 (151) 15 [61]
Columbus Quay 46 (151) 15 [62]
Stanley Park Stadium 45 (148) N/A [63]

Proposed[edit]

A model of the proposed Liverpool Waters

This lists buildings that have only been proposed to be built in Liverpool (over 45m).

Name Height m (ft) Floors Year
(est.)
Notes
Shanghai Tower 200+ (656+) 60 2025 [13]
King Edward Tower 170 (558) 54 2014 [64][65]
Kings Dock Tower 1 67 (220) 22 [66][67]
Kings Dock Tower 2 49 (161) 16 [68]

Liverpool Waters[edit]

Liverpool Waters is a large scale £5.5bn development that has been proposed by the company Peel Holdings in the Vauxhall and dockland areas of Liverpool. The development is expected to create 21m sq ft of new commercial and residential floor space and consist of upwards of fifty buildings, with many over fifty storeys high. There is a sister project on the other side of the Mersey called Wirral Waters.[69][70] At sixty storeys, the tallest of all buildings included within the proposal is named Shanghai Tower (as to pay homage to Liverpool's historical and present links to the Chinese city), it will include a five star hotel and over 1,000,000 sq ft (93,000 m2) of mixed use floor space.[71][72] Developers have stated that the project may take fifty years before it is finished. The proposals are presently at the planning stage and are subject to public acceptance.[73]

The eight tallest completed, approved and proposed buildings and structures in Liverpool. Note that Shanghai Tower is the only building within the Liverpool Waters development that has been specifically proposed, many other buildings will consist of over fifty stories if built.

Controversy[edit]

Liverpool's status as a UNESCO World Heritage Site has been threatened with withdrawal by English Heritage[74] if plans for Liverpool Waters goes ahead, claiming that the development would risk "overwhelming the defining characteristics of the area with opposing ones". A spokesperson for English Heritage said: "We believe that it is possible to come up with a creative and imaginative scheme of regeneration for the area without necessarily having these tall buildings [at Clarence Dock] that is still economically viable and diminishes the impact."[75] Development company Peel however have refused the removal of any skyscrapers from the Liverpool Water Project.[76] Later this year [2011] the proposed site will be visited by UNESCO inspectors who will advise Unesco’s World Heritage Committee whether the city’s status, which was awarded in 2004, should go on the “at risk” register.[77]

Tallest buildings and structures in the Liverpool Urban Area[edit]

The Triad in Bootle is the tallest building in urban Liverpool outside the city centre

The list below contains the tallest buildings and structures in the Liverpool Urban Area. This term is used by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) to denote the urban area around Liverpool.[78]

Rank Name Area Height
m (ft)
Floors Year Notes
1 The Triad Bootle
89 (291)
01.0
23
1974
[79]
2 Magdalen House Bootle
67 (220)
01.0
18
[80]
3 Northbank East Tower Seacombe
64 (210)
01.0
21
[81]
4 Strand House Bootle
62 (203)
01.0
22
1968
[82]
5= The Cliff 1 Wallasey
52 (171)
01.0
17
1962
[83]
5= The Cliff 2 Wallasey
52 (171)
01.0
17
1962
[84]
7 Stella Nova Bootle
51 (167)
01.0
15
2009
[85]
8= Salisbury House Bootle
49 (161)
01.0
15
1968
[86]
8= Daniel House Bootle
49 (161)
01.0
15
[87]
10= St Martins House Bootle
46 (151)
01.0
13
[88]
10= Oxford House Bootle
46 (151)
01.0
16
1968
[89]
10= Stanley House Bootle
46 (151)
01.0
16
1968
[90]
10= Mersey House Bootle
46 (151)
01.0
16
1968
[91]
10= Irlam House Bootle
46 (151)
01.0
16
1968
[92]
10= Montgomery House Seaforth
46 (151)
01.0
15
[93]
10= Alexander House Seaforth
46 (151)
01.0
15
[94]
10= Churchill House Seaforth
46 (151)
01.0
15
[95]
10= Willow House Seaforth
46 (151)
01.0
15
[96]
10= Dean House Seaforth 01.0
15
10= Chapel House Seaforth 01.0
15
10= Vine House Seaforth
46 (151)
01.0
15
[97]

Timeline of tallest buildings and structures[edit]

Liverpool's skyline has been built up mostly in the last 10 years. The Royal Liver Building held the title of tallest structure in Liverpool for 54 years until Radio City Tower was completed in 1965. Radio City Tower was finally beaten in 2008 by West Tower.

Year tallest Name Image Height
m (ft)
Floors Coordinates Notes
1815–1868 Church of Our Lady and St. Nicholas' Tower Liverpool, Pier Head church.jpg 53 (175) N/A 53°24′25″N 2°59′41″W / 53.407028°N 2.994853°W / 53.407028; -2.994853 [98]
1868–1907 Welsh Presbyterian Church Welsh Presbyterian church, Princes Road, Liverpool.jpg 61 (200) N/A 53°23′38″N 2°57′50″W / 53.39379°N 2.96383°W / 53.39379; -2.96383 [99]
1907–1911 Port of Liverpool Building Port of Liverpool Building Front.jpg 65 (213) 7 53°24′15″N 2°59′41″W / 53.40417°N 2.99472°W / 53.40417; -2.99472 [100]
1911–1965 Royal Liver Building Royal Liver Building.jpg 90 (295) 13 53°24′21″N 2°59′45″W / 53.40583°N 2.99583°W / 53.40583; -2.99583 [17]
1965–2008 Radio City Tower St John's Beacon - Liverpool - 2005-06-27.jpg 120 (394) N/A 53°24′23″N 2°58′55″W / 53.40639°N 2.98194°W / 53.40639; -2.98194 35.0 [14]
2008–present West Tower West Tower from ground level.jpg 140 (459) 40 53°24′36″N 2°59′48″W / 53.40987°N 2.99668°W / 53.40987; -2.99668 [8]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

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