Geographically, commercially, and culturally, Salford is dominated by its immediate neighbour, the City of Manchester, which lies across the River Irwell. Although Salford and Manchester followed a similar pattern of urbanisation during the Industrial Revolution, Salford did not evolve as a commercial centre in the same way. In contrast to the vast majority of Manchester's tallest buildings, many of Salford's high-rises were constructed in the 1960s and '70s as part of a regeneration project to alleviate chronic social deprivation and urban decay. Thirty towers at Pendleton once comprised the highest density housing estate in Europe. Some of the early high-rise buildings have been demolished, as they provided unsatisfactory accommodation for families and caused as many social problems as they were meant to alleviate. Others have become accommodation for students at the University of Salford. A study by the university's Christopher Collier suggested that Manchester's drizzly climate is largely due to the number of high-rise blocks in Salford. Collier has proposed that they have a "dramatic influence on the region's weather patterns", and may contribute to the 8 °C (14 °F) temperature difference between Salford and its surrounding countryside.
This list includes the year each building was completed, its height in metres and feet, and its current usage. Unlike other cities in the world, Salford's tallest structures are dispersed and not concentrated in a central business district. The tallest building in Salford is Blue, in MediaCityUK, a high-rise office block completed in 2010; the 18-storey building is 90 metres (300 ft) high. The largest skyscraper proposed for the city was Canopus/Greengate Tower, a postmodern structure projected to be completed in 2008, which would have stood at 179 metres (587 ft). The project was cancelled, but a revised tower of 88 metres (289 ft) is currently under construction. The oldest structure listed is the Neo-GothicSalford Cathedral, which was completed in 1848 and was Salford's tallest building for 121 years.
Timeline of tallest buildings and structures
Cathedral Church of St. John the Evangelist
Salford Cathedral was the tallest structure in Salford for 121 years, until the North Tower's completion in 1966. Salford's present skyline is largely the result of development since the mid-20th century.