List of tallest buildings in Christchurch

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43 of the 51 Christchurch high-rises colour-coded as per the list below, with their status shown as of May 2013

This list of tallest buildings in Christchurch ranks high-rise buildings in Christchurch, New Zealand by height. The first high-rise was Manchester Courts, which was the city's tallest building from 1906 until 1967. Manchester Courts failed in the 2010 Canterbury earthquake and had just been demolished by the time the much more destructive 2011 Christchurch earthquake struck. Six more buildings have held the title of tallest building in Christchurch, and the current one (with continuous occupiable floors) is the Pacific Tower, which was finished in 2010 and rises to 86 metres (282 ft). All buildings at least 35 metres (115 ft) high are listed. Most of the high-rises were or are to be demolished following the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. Of the 51 buildings in the list, 12 are to remain, 3 have their fate yet to be decided, 1 is yet to be demolished and another 2 demolitions are underway, and 33 have already been demolished.

Background[edit]

View of the Grand Chancellor from Cashel Street minutes after the 2011 Christchurch earthquake
Aerial view of the central city in July 2012 looking west, with most of the earthquake-damaged tall buildings still standing; Manchester Street is at the bottom of the photo

This lists ranks Christchurch high-rises that stand at least 35 metres (115 ft) tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details and include antenna masts.

Manchester Courts, earlier known as the MLC Building, was the city's first commercial high-rise building. Built in 1905–1906 for the New Zealand Express Company, it was at the time the tallest commercial building in Christchurch.[1] A Category I heritage building since 1991,[1] it suffered serious structural damage in the 2010 Canterbury earthquake and was condemned to be demolished. Demolition began on 19 October 2010, and was completed in February 2011.[2]

The BNZ Building in Cathedral Square has one of the oldest histories of the buildings listed here, as it replaced the earlier BNZ Building from 1866. The replacement was begun in 1961 as a four-storey building designed by Christchurch architect G. W. Bucknell. Work ceased abruptly in 1963, when the bank announced that they would redevelop the whole site (which included the removal of the historic bank building) and incorporate the four-storey building into the high-rise. The 43 metres (141 ft) high-rise was designed by Sydney firm Stephenson and Turner and completed in 1967.[3]

After 2007, only three high-rises have been constructed in Christchurch: the HSBC Tower in Worcester Boulevard, the Novotel Hotel in the Square and Pacific Tower in Gloucester Street, and all buildings will remain following the earthquakes.[4] The HSBC Tower, which first opened in 2009, was the first high-rise to open again after the February 2011 earthquake, with the first tenants moving back in on 30 May 2011.[5][6] The Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority later moved into the top floors of the building, with CEO Roger Sutton's office the "highest office in town".[7] Pacific Tower, which houses apartments and the Rendezvous Hotel, was repaired and reopened on 1 May 2013.[8] The Novotel Hotel was repaired and reopened on 19 August 2013.[9][10]

Radio Network House, a 14-storey building in Worcester Street that was finished in 1986, was imploded on 5 August 2012 and was New Zealand's first ever controlled building demolition by explosives.[11][12]

The Clarendon Tower was built on the site of the former Clarendon Hotel and kept most of the historic hotel's façade, which was the first example of facadism in Christchurch.[13] Designed by Warren and Mahoney,[14] the high-rise was constructed in 1986/87. The 17-storey structure failed in the February 2011 earthquake, with the internal staircases collapsing and the building 'ballooning' in the middle by some 100 millimetres (3.9 in).[15]

In three high-rises, internal staircases collapsed and occupants were trapped: Hotel Grand Chancellor, Forsyth Barr House, and Clarendon Tower. The staircase failures in the Grand Chancellor and the Clarendon Tower were only partial, whilst both staircases in the Forsyth Barr Building collapsed from the 14th floor down.[16] The fate of the Forsyth Barr House is as yet unknown.[17]

Lists[edit]

Colour key

  Building to remain after earthquakes
  Fate of building not yet decided
  Building yet to be demolished
  Demolition in progress
  Building demolished since the earthquakes

Tallest buildings, January 2014[edit]

Rank Name Height
m (feet)
Floors Year Purpose Architect Builder Notes Refs
1 Pacific Tower, 166 Gloucester St 86 (282) 22 2010 Hotel/residential Rob Campbell AMC Construction Reopened 1 May 2013 [18][8]
2 Forsyth Barr House, 764 Colombo St 70 (230) 19 1989 Office Warren and Mahoney Paynter Construction Earmarked for redevelopment into a hotel [16][19]
3 Rydges Hotel (former Noah's), 170 Oxford Tce 60 (200) 15 1975 Hotel Donald Crone & Associates Fletcher Construction Closed
(Repairs underway)
[20][21]
4 James Hight Building, University of Canterbury 53 (174) 11 1974 Library Ministry of Works architects Williams Construction All floors reopened [22][23]
5 Christchurch Central Police Station, 48 Hereford St 50 (160) 13 1973 Office Ministry of Works architects W. Williamsom & Sons Demolition announced April 2014 [24][25]
6 School of Medicine, Christchurch Hospital 50 (160) 12 1973 School Ministry of Works architects Fletcher Construction By Jan 2013, two levels were occupied again [26]
7 Novotel Hotel, 50 Cathedral Sq 45 (148) 14 2010 Hotel Dalman Architecture Fletcher Construction Reopened 19 August 2013 [27][28]
8 Millennium Christchurch, 14 Cathedral Sq 45 (148) 14 1974 Hotel Hank Henning Fletcher Construction Repair on hold waiting on insurance [29][30]
9 HSBC Tower (Club Tower), 62 Worcester Blvd 40 (130) 12 2010 Office Wilkie & Bruce Hawkins Construction Open [5]
10 Oaks iStay Hotel, 187 Cashel St 40 (130) 12 2006 Hotel Warren and Mahoney Naylor Love CERA give permission for to be repaired [31][32]
11 Telecom Building, 31 Cathedral Sq 40 (130) 12 1992 Office Griffith Moffat and Partners Hawkins Construction Partially reopened [33]
12 Christchurch Civic Offices, 53 Hereford St 36.58 (120.0) 8 1981 Office Athfield Architects Hawkins Construction Open [34]
13 Oxford Apartments, 66 Oxford Tce 36 (118) 12 2005 Residential Warren and Mahoney C. S. Luney Ltd Closed due to earthquake damage [35]
14 Tower Insurance (former Government Life Building), Cathedral Sq 35 (115) 10 1963 Office Collins & Son C. S. Luney Ltd Under Demolition [36]
15 The Gloucester, 28 Gloucester St 35 (115) 10 1991 Residential Wilkie & Bruce C. S. Luney Ltd Open [37]
16 State Insurance Building (extension), 116 Worcester St 35 (115) 10 1970 Office Collins & Son W. Williamson & Sons Fate undetermined
17 161 Hereford Suites (former Harmony Towers), 161 Hereford St 35 (115) 10 1988 Hotel Gabites Porter & Partners Highcroft Properties Fate undetermined

Tallest buildings prior to the February 2011 earthquake[edit]

Rank Name Height
m (feet)
Floors Year Purpose Architect Builder Notes Refs
1 Pacific Tower, 166 Gloucester St 86 (282) 22 2010 Hotel/residential Rob Campbell AMC Construction Reopened 1 May 2013 [18][8]
2 Hotel Grand Chancellor, 161 Cashel St 85 (279) 20 1986 Hotel Warren and Mahoney Forbes Construction Demolished in 2011/12 [38]
3 PricewaterhouseCoopers, 118 Armagh St 76.3 (250) 21 1990 Office Wilkie & Bruce Wilkins & Davies Construction Demolished in 2012 [39]
4 Forsyth Barr House, 764 Colombo St 70 (230) 19 1989 Office Warren and Mahoney Paynter Construction Earmarked for redevelopment into a hotel [16][40]
5 Clarendon Tower, 78 Worcester St 67 (220) 18 1988 Office Warren and Mahoney Paynter Construction Demolished 2012 [15]
6 Radio Network House, 155 Worcester St 60 (200) 14 1986 Office Sheppard & Rout Forbes Construction Imploded in 2012 [11][12]
7 Rydges Hotel (former Noah's), 170 Oxford Tce 60 (200) 15 1975 Hotel Donald Crone & Associates Fletcher Construction Closed
(Repairs not started)
[20][21]
8 James Hight Building, University of Canterbury 53 (174) 11 1974 Library Ministry of Works architects Williams Construction Under Repair
Most floors open again
[22][23]
9 Westpac Canterbury Centre, cnr High and Cashel Sts 50 (160) 13 1983 Office Warren and Mahoney C. S. Luney Ltd Demolished 2012 [41][42]
10 Victoria Square Tower (The Rutherford), 100 Armagh St 50 (160) 15 2006 Residential Buchan Group Hawkins Construction Demolition restarted January 2014
Completed July 2014
[43][44]
11 Christchurch Central Police Station, 48 Hereford St 50 (160) 13 1973 Office Ministry of Works architects W. Williamsom & Sons Demolition announced April 2014 [24]
12 School of Medicine, Christchurch Hospital, Riccarton Ave 50 (160) 12 1973 School Ministry of Works architects Fletcher Construction By Jan 2013, two levels were occupied again [26]
13 Novotel Hotel, 50 Cathedral Sq 45 (148) 14 2010 Hotel Dalman Architecture Fletcher Construction Reopened 19 August 2013 [27][28]
14 Millennium Christchurch (former Housing Corp Building), 14 Cathedral Sq 45 (148) 14 1974 Hotel Hank Henning Fletcher Construction Repair on hold, pending insurance payout [29]
15 Crowne Plaza, cnr Kilmore and Durham Sts 45 (148) 12 1988 Hotel Warren and Mahoney Fletcher Construction Demolished 2012 [45]
16 Gallery Apartments, 62 Gloucester St 43 (141) 12 2007 Residential Wilson & Hill Hawkins Construction Demolished in 2011/12 [4][46]
17 BNZ Building, 129 Hereford St 43 (141) 12 1967 Office Stephenson & Turner P.D. Graham & Co. Demolition started in 2012, but stopped at level 5 [3]
18 Avalon Apartments, 41 Cambridge Terrace 40 (130) 13 2003 Residential Naylor Love Demolished [47]
19 Holiday Inn (former Centra), Cnr High and Cashel Sts 40 (130) 13 1988 Hotel Peter Beaven C. S. Luney Ltd Demolished 2012 [42][48]
20 Heritage Hotel, 28–30 Cathedral Sq 40 (130) 12 1971 Hotel Forbes Construction Demolition June 2013 to December 2013 [49][50]
21 HSBC Building (Club Tower), 62 Worcester Blvd 40 (130) 12 2010 Office Wilkie & Bruce Hawkins Construction Open [5]
22 Anthony Harper House (former AMP Building), 47 Cathedral Sq 40 (130) 12 1975 Office Donald Crone & Associates C. S. Luney Ltd Demolished 2012 [51]
23 Oaks iStay Hotel, 187 Cashel St 40 (130) 12 2006 Hotel Warren and Mahoney Naylor Love Construction To be repaired [31][32]
24 Bridgewater Apartments, 62 Cashel St 40 (130) 12 1997 Residential Warren and Mahoney Mainzeal Construction Demolished [52]
25 Telecom Building, 31 Cathedral Sq 40 (130) 12 1992 Office Griffith Moffat and Partners Hawkins Construction Partially reopened [33]
26 Manchester Courts 39.65 (130.1) 12 1906 Office Luttrell Brothers Demolished 2010/11 [1]
27 Te Waipounamu House (former Reserve Bank Building), 158 Hereford St 39.62 (130.0) 10 1964 Office Warren and Mahoney C. S. Luney Ltd Demolished 2013 [53]
28 Christchurch Civic Offices (former Postal Centre), 53 Hereford St 36.58 (120.0) 8 1981 Office Athfield Architects Hawkins Construction Open [34]
29 Oxford Apartments, 66 Oxford Tce 36 (118) 12 2005 Residential Warren and Mahoney C. S. Luney Ltd Closed due to earthquake damage [35]
30 BNZ Building, 137 Armagh St 36 (118) 11 1985 Office Trengrove and Blunt C. S. Luney Ltd Demolished in April/May 2013 [49][54][55]
31 Tower Insurance (former Government Life Building), Cathedral Sq 35 (115) 10 1963 Office Collins & Son C. S. Luney Ltd Under demolition [36]
32 Craigs Investments (former Langwood House), 90 Armagh St 35 (115) 10 1987 Office Sheppard & Rout Lund Construction Demolished in June 2013 [56][57]
33 Copthorne Hotel, 335 Durham St 35 (115) 11 1986 Hotel Williams Construction Demolished 2011 [58]
34 NZI House, 96 Hereford St 35 (115) 10 1986 Office Wilson & Hill Paynter & Hamilton Ltd Demolished 2012 [59]
35 SBS House (former Manchester Unity Building), 180 Manchester St 35 (115) 10 1967 Office Peter Beaven Fletcher Construction Demolished 2011 [60]
36 Branigans Building (former DFC Building), cnr Gloucester St and Cambridge Tce 35 (115) 10 1987 Office Warren and Mahoney Forbes Construction Demolished 2012 [61]
37 Copthorne Hotel (former Ramada Inn), 776 Colombo St 35 (115) 10 1972 Hotel Peter Beaven Fletcher Construction Demolition from July to November 2013 [62][63][64][65]
38 The Gloucester, 28 Gloucester St 35 (115) 10 1991 Residential Wilkie & Bruce C. S. Luney Ltd Open [37]
39 National Bank, 164 Hereford St 35 (115) 10 1980 Office Warren and Mahoney C. S. Luney Ltd Demolished 2012 [66]
40 National Insurance Building, 217 Gloucester St 35 (115) 10 1971 Office Warren and Mahoney Wilkins and Davies Construction Demolished 2012
41 AMI Insurance, 29-35 Latimer Sq 35 (115) 10 1972 Office Warren and Mahoney C. S. Luney Ltd Demolished 2012 [67]
42 AA House, 206 Hereford St 35 (115) 10 1962 Office Demolished 2012 [68]
43 State Insurance Building (extension), 116 Worcester St 35 (115) 10 1970 Office Collins & Son W. Williamson & Sons Fate undetermined
44 Heatherlea Apartment, 10 Ayr St, Riccarton 35 (115) 10 1987 Residential Wilkie & Bruce Wilkins & Davies Construction Demolished 2012 [69]
45 Westpark Tower, 56 Cashel St 35 (115) 10 1987 Office Sheppard & Rout Hanham & Phillip Demolished 2012 [70]
46 Westminster House, 202 Cashel St 35 (115) 10 1978 Office Warren and Mahoney Williams Construction Demolished 2012 [71]
47 Terrace on the Park Apartments, 80 Park Terrace 35 (115) 10 2000 Residential Thom Craig Mainzeal Construction Demolished 2012 [72]
48 Farmers Car Park Building, 194 Oxford Terrace 35 (115) 10 1998 Retail & car parking Ian Krause Lund Construction Demolished 2013 [73]
49 The Millbrook Apartments, 21-23 Carlton Mill Rd 35 (115) 10 1965 Residential C.S Luney Ltd Demolished 2012 [74]
50 The Establishment, Cnr Peterborough and Victoria Sts 35 (115) 11 2004 Residential Warren and Mahoney C. S. Luney Ltd Demolished 2012 [75]
51 161 Hereford Suites (former Harmony Towers), 161 Hereford St 35 (115) 10 1988 Hotel Gabites Porter & Partners Highcroft Properties Fate undetermined

Timeline of tallest buildings[edit]

This is a list of the history of the tallest buildings in Christchurch, showing those buildings that once held the title of tallest building in chronological order.

  Building to remain after earthquakes
  Fate of building not yet decided
  Building demolished since the earthquakes
Name Image Years as tallest Height
m / feet
Reference
Manchester Courts Flickr - jabbapablo - Old-School building ^1.jpg 1906–1967 39.65 m (130.1 ft) [1]
BNZ Building BNZ Cathedral Square 12.JPG 1967–1973 43 m (141 ft) [3]
Christchurch Central police station Christchurch Central police station 2890 02.JPG 1973–1974 50 m (160 ft) [24]
James Hight Building UC CentralLibrary01 gobeirne.jpg 1974–1975 53 m (174 ft) [22]
Rydges Hotel (former Noah's) Rydges, Christchurch 01.JPG 1975–1986 60 m (200 ft) [20]
Hotel Grand Chancellor Grand Chancellor-2.jpg 1986–2010 85 m (279 ft) [38]
Pacific Tower Pacific Tower, Christchurch 06.JPG 2010 – present 86 m (282 ft) [18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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