List of tallest buildings in Europe

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Oslo, Norway
Rotterdam, The Netherlands

This list of tallest buildings in Europe ranks skyscrapers in Europe by height. After World War II, in 1960s build greater number of high-rise buildings in London, in 1970s also in Paris, Madrid, Barcelona, Frankfurt and Warsaw. From 1980s, in addition to the above mentioned cities, skyscraper construction has spread to many other cities, including Amsterdam, Brussels, Istanbul, Katowice, Lisbon, Lyon, Manchester, Milan, Moscow, Naples, Rotterdam, Valencia, and others. Currently, several European cities has more than 10 skyscrapers above 100 meters: Istanbul (>100), Paris (72), Moscow (>50), London (43), Frankfurt (30), Warsaw (21), Madrid (15), Barcelona (14), Berlin (13), Milan (13), Naples (10).

Tallest building[edit]

The Mercury City Tower is located in Moscow International Business Center in Moscow, Russia. It is the tallest building in Europe, standing at 339 meters. It is also the tallest building in Russia.

Tallest European skyscrapers[edit]

This lists ranks skyscrapers in Europe that stand at least 140 metres (459 ft) tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes spires[clarification needed] and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. Existing structures are included for ranking purposes based on present height. This list includes buildings under construction that have already been topped out.

Name City Flag Height A
(metres)
Height A
(feet)
Floors Year built
Mercury City Tower Moscow Russia 338.8 1,112 75 2012
The Shard[1] London United Kingdom 312.7 1,026 87 2012
Eurasia[2] Moscow Russia 308.9 1,013 72 2014
CoC: Moscow Tower[3][4] Moscow Russia 301.6 990 76 2010
Naberezhnaya Tower C Moscow Russia 268.4 881 59 2007
Triumph Palace[5] Moscow Russia 264.1 867 57 2005
Istanbul Sapphire Istanbul Turkey 261 856 54 2011
Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt Germany 258.7 849 56 1997
CoC: Saint Petersburg Tower[3][6] Moscow Russia 256.9 843 65 2010
Messeturm Frankfurt Germany 256.6 842 55 1990
Evolution Tower[7] Moscow Russia 255 837 53 2014
Torre Caja Madrid Madrid Spain 250 820 45 2008
Torre de Cristal Madrid Spain 249 817 45 2008
OKO Office Tower[8] Moscow Russia 245 804 49 2014
Federation West Tower Moscow Russia 242 795 62 2007
Moscow State University Moscow Russia 240 787 36 1953
Imperia Tower Moscow Russia 239 783 60 2011
Palace of Culture and Science Warsaw Poland 237 779 43 1955
Torre PwC Madrid Spain 236 774 52 2008
1 Canada Square London United Kingdom 235 771 50 1991
Unicredit Tower Milan Italy 231 758 35 2011
Tour First ParisB France 231 758 56 2010
Heron Tower London United Kingdom 230 755 46 2010
Torre Espacio Madrid Spain 228 750 57 2008
Leadenhall Building London United Kingdom 225 738 48 2014
DC Towers Vienna Austria 250 820 60 2013
House on Mosfilmovskaya 2[9] Moscow Russia 213.3 700 54 2011[10]
Sky Tower[11] Wrocław Poland 212 696 50 2012
Spine Tower Istanbul Turkey 211 693 51 2013
Tour Montparnasse Paris France 210 689 59 1972
Warsaw Trade Tower Warsaw Poland 208 682 43 1999
Westend Tower Frankfurt Germany 208 682 53 1993
CityLife - Il Dritto Milan Italy 207 679 50 2014
Millennium Tower Vienna Austria 202 663 51 1999
Folkart Towers A Izmir Turkey 200 656 47 2013
Folkart Towers B Izmir Turkey 200 656 47 2014
Batumi Technical University[12] Batumi Georgia (country) 200 656 35 2012
Tower 185 Frankfurt Germany 200 656 50 2011
Main Tower Frankfurt Germany 200 656 55 1999
Intempo Benidorm Spain 200 656 47 2013
25 Canada Square London United Kingdom 199.5 655 45 2001
8 Canada Square London United Kingdom 199.5 655 45 2002
Hotel Ukraine Moscow Russia 198 650 34 1955
Varyap Meridian Grand Tower 1 Istanbul Turkey 198 650 57 2012
Anthill Residence 1[13] Istanbul Turkey 194.5 638 54 2011
Anthill Residence 2[14] Istanbul Turkey 194.5 638 54 2011
Tricolor Tower A[15] Moscow Russia 194 636 56 2013
Mirax-Plaza Tower A[16] Moscow Russia 193 633 47 2015
Złota 44 Warsaw Poland 192 630 54 2012
Vysotsky 3[17] Yekaterinburg Russia 192 630 50 2011
Rondo 1[18] Warsaw Poland 192 630 40 2006
Continental[19] Moscow Russia 191 627 48 2011
HSB Turning Torso Malmö Sweden 190 620 57 2005
Flame Tower 1 Baku Azerbaijan 190 620 33 2012
Gran Hotel Bali Benidorm Spain 187 614 52 2002
Tour Total ParisB France 187 614 48 1985
Trianon Frankfurt Germany 186 610 45 1993
Rönesans Tower Istanbul Turkey 186 610 40 2014
Tour GDF Suez ParisB France 185 607 36 2008
Tour Areva ParisB France 184 604 44 1974
Tower 42 London United Kingdom 183 600 47 1980
Tour Granite ParisB France 183 600 36 2008
St George's Wharf Tower London United Kingdom 181 594 49 2013
Isbank Tower 1 Istanbul Turkey 181 594 52 2000
My Towerland 1 Istanbul Turkey 181 594 52 2013
Varyap Meridian Tower 2[20] Istanbul Turkey 180 591 45 2013
Nida Palladium Tower Istanbul Turkey 180 591 40 2014
30 St Mary Axe London United Kingdom 180 590 41 2003
Tour CB21 ParisB France 179 587 44 1974
Sparrow Hills Tower II[21] Moscow Russia 178 584 48 2004
BT Tower London United Kingdom 177 580 34 1966
Mertim Tower Mersin Turkey 177 580 52 1987
Edelweiss Moscow Russia 176 577 43 2003
Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Moscow Russia 176 577 32 1952
Aliye Parusa 2[22] Moscow Russia 175.6 576 48 2003
Avaz Twist Tower Sarajevo Bosnia and Herzegovina 172 564 42 2009
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Moscow Russia 172 564 27 1953
Nordstar Tower[23] Moscow Russia 172 563 42 2009
Şişli Plaza Istanbul Turkey 170 558 46 2007
Özdilek 1 Istanbul Turkey 170 558 38 2014
Soyak Tower Istanbul Turkey 170 558 40 2014
Terrace Tema Istanbul Turkey 170 558 39 2014
Levent 199 Istanbul Turkey 170 558 40 2014
Opernturm Frankfurt Germany 170 558 42 2009
Beetham Tower Manchester United Kingdom 169 554 50 2006
Klovsky Tower Kiev Ukraine 169 554 48 2013
Tekstilkent Plaza 1 Istanbul Turkey 168 551 44 2000
Tekstilkent Plaza 2 Istanbul Turkey 168 551 44 2000
Mirax-Plaza Tower B[24] Moscow Russia 168 551 41 2015
Torre Intesa Sanpaolo Turin Italy 167.3 548 39 2013
Tour Alicante ParisC France 167 548 37 1995
Tour Chassagne ParisC France 167 548 37 1995
Maslak 42 1 IstanbulC Turkey 167 548 42 2014
Maslak 42 2 IstanbulC Turkey 167 548 42 2014
Swissôtel Krasnye Holmy[25] Moscow Russia 166.5 546 34 2005
Tour Carpe Diem Paris France 166 545 34 2013
Silberturm Frankfurt Germany 166 545 32 1978
Maastoren Rotterdam Netherlands 165 541 35 2009
Tour Part Dieu Lyon France 165 541 42 1977
Tour EDF ParisD France 165 541 41 2001
Selenium Twins 1 [26] Istanbul Turkey 165 541 34 2008
Selenium Twins 2 [26] Istanbul Turkey 165 541 34 2008
Iberdrola Tower Bilbao Spain 165 541 40 2011
Broadgate Tower London United Kingdom 164.3 539 35 2009
Varyap Meridian Tower 3[27] Istanbul Turkey 164 538 41 2012
InterContinental Warsaw Warsaw Poland 163.5 536 45 2003
Post Tower[28] Bonn Germany 163 535 42 2002
IZD Tower [29] Vienna Austria 162 531 37 2001
Well House na Leninskom[30] Moscow Russia 162 531 46 2009
Palazzo Lombardia[31] Milan Italy 161.3 529 43 2010
Cœur Défense ParisB France 161 528 40 2001
Sparrow Hills Tower I[32] Moscow Russia 161 528 43 2004
Sparrow Hills Tower III[33] Moscow Russia 161 528 43 2004
Kudrinskaya Square [34] Moscow Russia 160 525 22 1954
Sky Tower 1[35] Istanbul Turkey 160 525 42 2010
Exen Plaza Istanbul Turkey 160 525 42 2010
Flame Tower 2 Baku Azerbaijan 160 525 30 2012
Westend Gate Frankfurt Germany 159 522 47 1976
Rixos Bomonti Residence Istanbul Turkey 159 522 42 2012
Akbank Tower Istanbul Turkey 158 518 39 1993
Torre Lugano [36] Benidorm Spain 158 518 43 2008
New Orleans[37] Rotterdam Netherlands 158 518 45 2010
Torre Picasso Madrid Spain 157 515 43 1988
Four Winds 1 Istanbul Turkey 156 512 49 2013
Four Winds 2 Istanbul Turkey 156 512 49 2013
Four Winds 3 Istanbul Turkey 156 512 49 2013
Four Winds 4 Istanbul Turkey 156 512 49 2013
Parus Business Centre Kiev Ukraine 156 512 34 2007
One Churchill Place London United Kingdom 156 512 32 2004
Park Arkon Residence 1 Istanbul Turkey 155 509 39 2013
Torre Eurosky Rome Italy 155 509 35 2012
Tour Adria ParisB France 155 509 40 2002
Tour Egée ParisB France 155 509 40 1999
Deutsche Bank Tower I Frankfurt Germany 155 509 40 1984
Deutsche Bank Tower II Frankfurt Germany 155 509 38 1984
Trump Towers Istanbul[38] Istanbul Turkey 155 508 39 2010
Hotel Arts Barcelona Barcelona Spain 154 505 44 1992
Torre Mapfre Barcelona Spain 154 505 40 1992
Skyper Frankfurt Germany 154 505 38 2004
Uprise Elite [38] Istanbul Turkey 154 505 42 2010
Süzer Plaza Ritz-Carlton [38] Istanbul Turkey 154 504 34 1998
25 Bank Street London United Kingdom 153 502 33 2003
40 Bank Street London United Kingdom 153 502 33 2003
Torun Tower Istanbul Turkey 153 502 35 2014
Polat Tower Residence [39] Istanbul Turkey 153 500 40 2001
BT Tower Birmingham United Kingdom 152 500 31 1963
Tour Ariane ParisD France 152 499 36 1975
Gebouw Delftse Poort 1[40] Rotterdam Netherlands 151 497 41 1992
Torre Pontina [41] Latina Italy 151 495 37 2010
PRISMA[42][43] Yekaterinburg Russia 151 495 37 2009
Gazprom [44] Moscow Russia 151 495 35 1994
10 Upper Bank Street London United Kingdom 151 495 32 2003
Avenue 77 block 1[45][46] Moscow Russia 151 495 45 2008
Avenue 77 block 2[45][46] Moscow Russia 151 495 45 2008
Avenue 77 block 3[45][46] Moscow Russia 151 495 45 2008
Istanbloom Istanbul Turkey 150 492 44 2013
Hochhaus Neue Donau [47] Vienna Austria 150 492 34 2001
Tour Les Poissons Paris France 150 492 42 1970
South Tower Brussels Belgium 150 492 38 1967
Rembrandt Tower[48] Amsterdam Netherlands 150 492 36 1995
Dumankaya Ikon 1 Istanbul Turkey 149 489 41 2013
Dumankaya Ikon 2 Istanbul Turkey 149 489 41 2013
Dumankaya Ikon 3 Istanbul Turkey 149 489 41 2013
De Rotterdam Rotterdam Netherlands 149 489 44 2013
Europa Tower Vilnius Lithuania 149 489 33 2004
KölnTurm[49] Cologne Germany 148 486 43 2001
Eurotower Frankfurt Germany 148 486 39 1977
Strata SE1 London United Kingdom 148 486 43 2010
Özdilek Plaza 2 Istanbul Turkey 148 486 37 2014
Pan Peninsula London United Kingdom 147.4 484 48 2008
Sun Plaza [50] Istanbul Turkey 147 482 38 2005
Colonia-Hochhaus Cologne Germany 147 482 42 1972
Tour CMA-CGM[51] Marseille France 147 482 33 2009
House in Sokolniki [52] Moscow Russia 146.9 482 43 2008
Ministry of S&J[53] The Hague Netherlands 146 479 37 2012
Ministry of I&KR The Hague Netherlands 146 479 37 2012
Hochaus Uptown München [54] Munich Germany 146 479 38 2004
Finance Tower[55] Brussels Belgium 145 476 36 1984
Rogier Tower[56] Brussels Belgium 145 476 38 2006
Jen-Tower Jena Germany 145 476 30 1973
Neguri Gane [57] Benidorm Spain 145 476 40 2002
Trump Towers Istanbul[58] Istanbul Turkey 145 475 37 2010
Torre Agbar Barcelona Spain 144.4 474 33 2004
Tour Bretagne Nantes France 144 472 37 1976
Warsaw Financial Center[59] Warsaw Poland 144 472 35 1998
Torre Solaria [60] Milan Italy 143 469 37 2013
Metrocity Tower 2 Istanbul Turkey 143 469 35 2000
Metrocity Tower 3 Istanbul Turkey 143 469 35 2000
TAT Tower 1 [58] Istanbul Turkey 143 469 34 2000
TAT Tower 2 Istanbul Turkey 143 469 34 2000
Metrocity Tower 1 Istanbul Turkey 143 469 31 2000
IFC Bomonti Hotel Istanbul Turkey 143 469 35 2013
Tour Pleyel ParisE France 143 469 38 1973
Guy's Tower London United Kingdom 142.6 468 34 1974
Tour Dexia ParisB France 142 466 36 2005
City-Haus[61] Frankfurt Germany 142 466 42 1974
Frankfurter Büro Center[62] Frankfurt Germany 142 466 40 1980
City-Hochhaus Leipzig[63] Leipzig Germany 142 466 36 1971
Hoftoren The Hague Netherlands 142 466 30 2003
Westpoint Tower Tilburg Netherlands 142 466 48 2004
Torre de Madrid Madrid Spain 142 466 37 1957
Sea Towers Gdynia Poland 141.6 464 36 2009
Gulliver Kiev Ukraine 141 463 35 2012
Ušće Tower Belgrade Serbia 141 463 25 1961
Torre Diamante Milan Italy 140 459 30 2012
Montevideo Rotterdam Netherlands 140 459 43 2005
Centrum LIM[64] Warsaw Poland 140 459 43 1989
Oxford Tower, Warsaw Warsaw Poland 140 459 40 1978
West Tower Liverpool United Kingdom 140 459 40 2007
Izmailovsky 1 [65] Moscow Russia 140 459 37 2008
Izmailovsky 2 [65] Moscow Russia 140 459 37 2008
Sabanci Center 2 Istanbul Turkey 140 459 34 1993
Sisli Elit Residence [66] Istanbul Turkey 140 459 35 2000
Uphill Court 1 Istanbul Turkey 140 459 33 2008
Uphill Court 2 Istanbul Turkey 140 459 33 2008
22 Marsh Wall East Tower London United Kingdom 140 459 40 2010
Edificio Kronos[67] Benidorm Spain 140 459 41 2008
Flame Tower 3 Baku Azerbaijan 140 460 28 2012
many lower buildings

Timeline of tallest buildings[edit]

Name City Years as tallest Metres Feet Floors
Mercury City Tower Russia Moscow 2012–present 338.8 1,112 75
The Shard United Kingdom London 2012 (30.03-31.10) 310 1,015 87
City of Capitals Russia Moscow 2009–2012 301.6 989 77
Naberezhnaya Tower C Russia Moscow 2007–2009 268.4 881 59
Triumph-Palace Russia Moscow 2005–2007 264.1 867 57
Commerzbank Tower Germany Frankfurt 1997–2005 259 849 56
Messeturm Germany Frankfurt 1990–1997 257 843 55
Moscow State University Russia Moscow 1953–1990 240 787 36
Kotelnicheskaya Embankment Building Russia Moscow 1952–1953 176 577 32
Terrazza Martini Tower Italy Genoa 1940–1952 108 354 31
Boerentoren Belgium Antwerp 1932–1940 96 315 26
Royal Liver Building United Kingdom Liverpool 1911–1932 90 300 13
PAST Poland Warsaw 1908-1911 51 169 11
Witte Huis Netherlands Rotterdam 1898–1908 43 141 10

Projects under construction[edit]

This lists buildings that are under construction in Europe and are planned to rise at least 140 metres (459 ft).

Name City Metres Feet Floors Finalised
Lakhta Center[68] Russia St. Petersburg 463[69] 1,517 86 2018
Federation Tower Russia Moscow 448/360[70] 1,470/1,181 93 2015
Folkart Highlife Turkey İzmir 370 1213 75 2018
OKO Tower[71] Russia Moscow 352 1,101 91 2014
The Pinnacle United Kingdom London 288 945  ?? On hold
Skyland İstanbul Turkey İstanbul 281 921 75 2016
Riverside South - south tower United Kingdom London 237 776 45 2016
Polestar Tower[72] Sweden Gothenburg 230 754 64 2019
122 Leadenhall Street United Kingdom London 225 738 48 2014
DC Towers 1[73] Austria Vienna 220 721 60 2013
Warsaw Spire Poland Warsaw 220 721 50 2014
Iset tower[74] Russia Yekaterinburg 215 705 52 2014
Sky Towers Ukraine Kiev 210 689 47 2016
Belgrade on Water[75] Serbia Belgrade 210 689 50 2017
Piedmont Region Headquarters Italy Turin 209 686 42 2015
Residencial In Tempo[76] Spain Benidorm 200 656 52 2012
Tour Incity France Lyon 200 660 39 2014
Q22 Poland Warsaw 195 545 42 2016
Tour Majunga France Paris 195 545 45 2014
Mirax-Plaza Ukraine Kiev 192 630 46 On hold
Riverside South - north tower United Kingdom London 186 610 37 2016
European Central Bank Headquarters Germany Frankfurt 185 607 45 2014
Çiftçiler Zincirlikuyu 1[77] Turkey Istanbul 180 591 44 2014
Çiftçiler Zincirlikuyu 2[77] Turkey Istanbul 180 591 45 2014
Cajasol Tower Spain Seville 180 584 40 2012
Roche Building 1[78] Switzerland Basel 175 574 41 2015
CityLife - Lo Storto[79] Italy Milan 174.86 558 45 2015
Tour D2 France Paris 171 525 37 2014
Taunusturm[80] Germany Frankfurt 170 558 40 2014
Babillon Tower[81] Georgia (country) Batumi 170 558 45 2015
Tour Odeon Monaco Monaco 170 558 49 2012
MCTT Russia Moscow 167 548 42 2015
Sky Towers Ukraine Kiev 165 541 46 2016
20 Fenchurch Street United Kingdom London 160 525 39 2014
Cosmopolitan Twarda 2/4 Poland Warsaw 160 525 42 2012
Dâmbovița Center Romania Bucharest 155 509 34 On hold
Bastion Russia Moscow 153 502 40 2009
Hines Hochhaus [82] Germany Berlin 150 492 46 2016
CityLife - Il Curvo[83] Italy Milan 150 492 35 2015
De Rotterdam [84] Netherlands Rotterdam 149 489 43 2013
Torre La Sagrera [84] Spain Barcelona 148 481 34 2014
West 65 Serbia Belgrade 146 480 39 2014
Light House Denmark Århus 142 466 43 2012
New Henninger Turm [85] Germany Frankfurt 140 459 39 2016
Torre Parco degli Erzelli [86] Italy Genoa 140 459 40 2014
Capital Fort Bulgaria Sofia 126 413 28 2014

Tallest European skyscrapers by pinnacle height[edit]

Some skyscraper enthusiasts prefer this measurement, claiming that the extensions that can or cannot be deemed "architectural" are subjective. However, many non-architectural extensions (such as radio antennas) are easily added and removed from tall buildings without significantly changing the style and design of the building, which is seen as a significant part of the value of these buildings. The list includes all skyscrapers of at least 200 metres (656 ft) tall. However the height data is subject to fluctuations due to simple changing of mast extensions.

Name City Metres Feet Floors Completed
Mercury City Tower Russia Moscow 339 1,112 75 2013
The Shard United Kingdom London 310 1,015 87 2012
Eurasia Russia Moscow 309 1013 72 2013
City of Capitals Russia Moscow 302 989 76 2009
Commerzbank Tower Germany Frankfurt 300 985 56 1997
Naberezhnaya Tower C Russia Moscow 268 881 59 2007
Triumph-Palace Russia Moscow 264 868 57 2005
Sapphire of Istanbul Turkey Istanbul 261 856 54 2010
City of Capitals: Saint Petersburg[3] Russia Moscow 257 843 65 2009
Messeturm Germany Frankfurt 257 843 55 1990
Torre Caja Madrid Spain Madrid 250 820 45 2008
Torre de Cristal Spain Madrid 249 817 45 2007
Federation West Tower Russia Moscow 242 795 62 2007
Main Tower Germany Frankfurt 240 787 55 1999
Moscow State University Russia Moscow 240 787 36 1953
Imperia Tower Russia Moscow 239 784 60 2011 [87]
Torre Sacyr Vallehermoso Spain Madrid 236 774 52 2007
Torre Espacio Spain Madrid 236 774 57 2007
One Canada Square United Kingdom London 235 771 50 1991
Unicredit Tower Italy Milan 231 758 35 2011
Tour First France Paris 231 758 56 2010
Palace of Culture and Science Poland Warsaw 230.7 757 43 1955
Heron Tower United Kingdom London 230 755 47 2010
House on Mosfilmovskaya 2 Russia Moscow 213.3 700 54 2012
Spine Tower Turkey Istanbul 211 693 51 2013
Anthill Residence 1 Turkey Istanbul 210 689 54 2011
Anthill Residence 2 Turkey Istanbul 210 689 54 2011
Gran Hotel Bali Spain Benidorm 210 689 52 2002
Tour Montparnasse France Paris 210 689 59 1972
Westend Tower Germany Frankfurt 208 682 53 1993
Warsaw Trade Tower Poland Warsaw 208 682 43 1999
CityLife - Il Dritto Italy Milan 207 679 50 2014
Millennium Tower Austria Vienna 202 663 51 1999
Tower 185 Germany Frankfurt 200 656 51 2011
25 Canada Square United Kingdom London 200 656 45 2001
many lower buildings

Notes[edit]

  • ^A To the architectural tip
  • ^B Specifically located in Courbevoie, in the inner suburbs of Paris
  • ^C Specifically located in Nanterre, in the inner suburbs of Paris
  • ^D Specifically located in Puteaux, in the inner suburbs of Paris
  • ^E Specifically located in Saint-Denis, in the inner suburbs of Paris

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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