List of tallest buildings in Hong Kong

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Victoria Harbour and the Hong Kong skyline at night

This list of tallest buildings in Hong Kong ranks buildings in Hong Kong by height. Hong Kong is an international financial centre, with over 112 buildings that stand taller than 180 metres (591 ft). Hong Kong ranks first in the world in both skyscraper and high-rise count, with at least 52 completed skyscrapers over the height of 200 m (656 ft),[1] 272[B] skyscrapers over 150 m (492 ft),[1] as well as more than 7,687 highrise buildings.[2][3] The tallest of these is the 118-storey International Commerce Centre, completed in 2010, which stands 484 metres (1588 feet) and is the 6th tallest building in the world.

High-rise buildings are spread throughout the territory, but most of them are concentrated in Kowloon Peninsula and on the north shore of Hong Kong Island. There are fewer high-rises in the New Territories and the south shore of Hong Kong Island.

Hong Kong's skyline is considered one of the best in the world,[4] with the surrounding mountains and Victoria Harbour complementing the skyscrapers.[3][5][6][7] Every night, many skyscrapers and buildings on both sides of Victoria Harbour light up in a synchronised show called A Symphony of Lights, named by the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest permanent light and sound festival in the world.[8]

As of February 2011, there are a total of 161 high-rises listed as under construction, approved for construction, and proposed for construction in Hong Kong.[9]

History[edit]

The history of skyscrapers in Hong Kong began in 1935 with the completion of the Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank building, which is regarded as the first high-rise in the city. The building stood 70 m (230 ft) tall with 13 floors and existed for five decades before being demolished for the construction of the HSBC Main Building.[10] High-rise construction was limited in the early part of the 20th century, but beginning in the 1970s, Hong Kong experienced widespread building construction that has continued to the present; this boom is in large part a result of the city's rugged, mountainous terrain and lack of flat land.[11][12] The city entered into a building boom from 1980 to 1993, during which 22 of the city's 112 tallest buildings were constructed, including the Hopewell Centre, Bank of China Tower, and Central Plaza.[13][14][15]

Beginning in 1998, Hong Kong entered into a second, much larger building boom that has continued to the present. In a ten-year span between 2000 and 2010, more than 85 buildings taller than 180 m (591 ft) were completed, including several of the tallest skyscrapers in the city such as International Commerce Centre, Two International Finance Centre, Nina Tower I, and One Island East.[5][16][17][18] Unlike the previous building trend of the 1980s and early 1990s, most of the buildings completed beginning the 21st century are for residential purposes, due to a surge in demand for luxury housing properties in Hong Kong. Also, the city saw many skyscrapers rise out of Kowloon, notably the Sorrento, the Langham Place Office Tower, and the Cullinan Towers, all of which exceed 200 metres (656 ft) in height.[19][20][21] This was due to the closure of the Kai Tak Airport located to the northeast, which lifted height restrictions across Kowloon, allowing taller buildings to be built in the region.[22]

Significant buildings[edit]

  • Central Plaza, located at 18 Harbour Road, Wan Chai. The Central Plaza is currently the third tallest building in Hong Kong at a pinnacle height of 374m. It was the tallest building in Hong Kong when it was built in 1992 until it was surpassed by 2IFC in 2003. The Central Plaza is also the tallest building in Asia from 1992 until 1996, surpassed by Shun Hing Square in Shenzhen. The building is notable for its unique exterior shape as well as its LIGHTIME lighting system. It also houses the world's highest church inside a skyscraper, Sky City Church.[23]
  • Bank of China Tower (abbreviated BOC Tower), located at 1 Garden Road, in Central. Designed by the Pritzker Prize-winning Chinese American architect I.M. Pei, the tower is 307 m (1184.1 ft) high with two masts reaching 360.9 m (1184.1 ft) high. It is currently the fourth tallest building in Hong Kong. It is the tallest building outside of United States from 1990 to 1992, and is the first building outside of the United States to pass the 305 m (1000 ft) mark. The exterior design of the building resembles bamboo shoots, symbolizing livelihood and prosperity in Feng Shui.

Cityscape[edit]

A panoramic view of the Hong Kong Island skyline.
A panoramic view of the Kowloon Peninsula skyline with Hong Kong Island skyline in the background.

Tallest buildings[edit]

This lists ranks Hong Kong skyscrapers that stand at least 180 metres (591 ft) tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

International Commerce Centre is the tallest building in Hong Kong.
Two International Finance Centre is currently the second-tallest building in Hong Kong.
Central Plaza is the third-tallest building in Hong Kong.
Bank of China Tower and Cheung Kong Center are Hong Kong's fourth- and eighth-tallest buildings, respectively.
The Center is the fifth-tallest building in Hong Kong.
Nina Tower is the sixth-tallest building in Hong Kong.
The recently completed One Island East, the seventh-tallest building in Hong Kong.
The towers of The Cullinan are the ninth-tallest buildings in Hong Kong.
The Masterpiece is the eleventh-tallest building in Hong Kong.
Highcliff (left) and The Summit (right) due to the extremely thin profiles of the buildings they are locally referred to as "The Chopsticks"
Rank Name Height
m / ft
Floors Use Year Notes
001.01 International Commerce Centre 484 / 1,588 118 Hotel, Office 2010 8th-tallest building in the world.[24][25]
002.02 Two International Finance Centre 416 / 1,364 88 Office 2003 18th-tallest building in the world. Was the tallest building in Hong Kong from 2003 to 2010.[16][26]
003.03 Central Plaza 374 / 1,227 78 Office 1992 Houses the highest church in the world. Tallest building in the world outside of the United States from 1992 to 1996. Was the world's tallest reinforced concrete building until the completion of CITIC Plaza in 1997. Second building outside the U.S. to rise taller than 305 metres (1,000 ft), after the Bank of China Tower.[13][27][28]
004.04 Bank of China Tower 367 / 1,205 70 Office 1990 First building outside of the United States to rise taller than 305 metres (1,000 ft) in height. Stood as the tallest building in the world outside of Chicago and New York City upon completion.[14][29][30]
005.05 The Center 346 / 1,135 73 Office 1998 [31][32]
006.06 Nina Tower 319 / 1,048 80 Hotel, Office 2007 [17][33]
007.07 One Island East 298 / 979 69 Office 2008 [34][35]
008.08 Cheung Kong Center 283 / 928 63 Office 1999 [18][36]
009.09= The Cullinan North Tower 270 / 886 68 Residential 2008 [37][38]
010.09= The Cullinan South Tower 270 / 886 68 Hotel, Residential 2008 [38][39]
011.011 The Masterpiece 261 / 856 64 Hotel, Residential 2008 Also known as the Hanoi Road Redevelopment.[40][41]
012.012 Sorrento 1 256 / 841 75 Residential 2003 Tallest completed all-residential building in the city.[19][42]
013.013 Langham Place Office Tower 255 / 837 59 Office 2004 [20][43]
014.014 Highcliff 252 / 828 72 Residential 2003 [44][45]
015.015 The Harbourside 251 / 824 73 Residential 2004 [21][46]
016.016 Manulife Plaza 240 / 789 52 Office 1998 [47][48]
017.017 Sorrento 2 236 / 773 66 Residential 2003 [42][49]
018.018= LOHAS Park Le Prestige Tower 6 233 / 764 76 Residential 2011
019.018= LOHAS Park Le Prestige Tower 7 233 / 764 76 Residential 2011
020.018= LOHAS Park Le Prestige Tower 8 233 / 764 76 Residential 2011
021.021 The Harbourfront Landmark 233 / 763 70 Residential 2001 [50][51]
022.022 The Arch 231 / 758 65 Residential 2005 [52][53]
023.023= Island Place Office Tower 228 / 748 73 Office 2004
024.023= Cosco Tower 228 / 748 53 Office 1998 [54][55]
025.025= The Belcher's Tower 5 227 / 744 61 Residential 2001 [56][57]
026.025= The Belcher's Tower 6 227 / 744 61 Residential 2001 [57][58]
027.027= The Belcher's Tower 1 221 / 724 63 Residential 2000 [57][59]
028.027= The Belcher's Tower 2 221 / 724 63 Residential 2000 [57][60]
029.029= Tregunter 3 220 / 721 66 Residential 1993 [61][62]
030.029= The Summit 220 / 721 65 Residential 2001 [63][64]
031.031 Grand Promenade 2–5 219 / 718 66 Residential 2005 [65][66]
032.032 Sorrento 3 218 / 715 64 Residential 2003 [42][67]
033.033 Hopewell Centre 216 / 709 64 Office 1980 [15][68]
034.034= LOHAS Park Le Prestige Tower 2 215 / 705 70 Residential 2010
035.034= LOHAS Park Le Prestige Tower 3 215 / 705 70 Residential 2010
036.034= LOHAS Park Le Prestige Tower 5 215 / 705 70 Residential 2010
037.037 Sun Hung Kai Centre 215 / 704 56 Office 1981 [69][70]
038.038= The Belcher's Tower 3 214 / 704 61 Residential 2001 [57][71]
039.038= The Belcher's Tower 8 214 / 704 61 Residential 2001 [57][72]
040.040 Island Shangri-La 213 / 700 57 Hotel 1991 Tallest completed all-hotel building in the city.[73][74]
041.041= Victoria Towers 1 213 / 699 62 Residential 2003 [75][76]
042.041= Victoria Towers 2 213 / 699 62 Residential 2003 [76][77]
043.041= Victoria Towers 3 213 / 699 62 Residential 2003 [76][78]
044.041= Shining Heights 213 / 699 55 Residential 2009 [79]
045.045= Sorrento 5 212 / 696 62 Residential 2003 [42][80]
046.045= Indi Home 212 / 696 56 Residential 2005 [81][82][83]
047.047 Azura 211 / 692 50 Residential 2012 [84][85][86][87]
048.048= LOHAS Park The Capitol Oslo Tower 210 / 689 69 Residential 2009 [88]
049.048= LOHAS Park The Capitol Whistler Tower 210 / 689 69 Residential 2009 [89]
050.048= One International Finance Centre 210 / 689 38 Office 1998 [90][91]
051.051= Grand Promenade 1 209 / 686 63 Residential 2005 [66][92][93]
052.051= Grand Promenade 6 209 / 686 63 Residential 2005 [66][94][95]
053.053 MetroPlaza Tower 2 209 / 685 47 Office 1992 [96][97]
054.054= Sorrento 6 206 / 676 60 Residential 2003 [42][98]
055.054= LOHAS Park The Capitol Madrid Tower 206 / 676 67 Residential 2009 [99]
056.054= LOHAS Park The Capitol Milan Tower 206 / 676 67 Residential 2009 [100]
057.057= Citibank Plaza 206 / 674 51 Office 1992 [101][102]
058.057= May House 206 / 674 47 Government 2004 [103][104]
059.059= Metro Town Tower 1 205 / 673 62 Residential 2006 [105][106]
060.059= Metro Town Tower 2 205 / 673 62 Residential 2006 [106][107][108]
061.059= Four Seasons Place 205 / 673 55 Hotel, Residential 2005 [109][110]
062.062= Island Place Tower 1 204 / 670 58 Residential 2004
063.062= Island Place Tower 2 204 / 670 58 Residential 2004
064.062= Island Place Tower 3 204 / 670 58 Residential 2004
065.062= Island Place Tower 4 204 / 670 58 Residential 2004
066.062= Island Place Tower 5 204 / 670 58 Residential 2004
067.062= Island Place Tower 6 204 / 670 58 Residential 2004
068.062= Island Place Tower 7 204 / 670 58 Residential 2004
069.062= Island Place Tower 8 204 / 670 58 Residential 2004
070.062= Island Place Tower 9 204 / 670 58 Residential 2006
071.062= Island Place Tower 10 204 / 670 58 Residential 2006
072.072= Island Resort Tower 1–2 202 / 663 60 Residential 2001 [111][112]
073.072= Island Resort Tower 3–5 202 / 663 60 Residential 2001 [111][113]
074.072= Island Resort Tower 6–7 202 / 663 60 Residential 2001 [114][111]
075.072= Island Resort Tower 8–9 202 / 663 60 Residential 2001 [111][115]
076.076 China Online Centre 201 / 660 52 Office 2000 [116][117]
077.077= LOHAS Park Le Prestige Tower 1 200 / 656 65 Residential 2010
078.077= LOHAS Park The Capitol Florence Tower 200 / 656 65 Residential 2009 [118]
079.079 Conrad Hong Kong Hotel 199 / 653 61 Hotel, Residential 1991 [119][120]
080.080 Queensway Government Offices 199 / 652 56 Office 1985 [121][122]
081.081 Bellagio Tower 6–9 198 / 650 60 Residential 2002 [123]
082.082= Manhattan Hill 1–2 198 / 649 51 Residential 2006 [124][125]
083.082= Manhattan Hill 3 198 / 649 49 Residential 2006 [125][126]
084.082= Manhattan Hill 5 198 / 649 49 Residential 2006 [125][127]
085.082= Manhattan Hill 6 198 / 649 49 Residential 2006 [125][128]
086.086= The Merton 1 197 / 646 59 Residential 2005 [129][130]
087.086= The Merton 2 197 / 646 59 Residential 2005 [131]
088.086= Hysan Place 197 / 646 36 Office, Retail 2012 [132][133]
089.089= The Pacifica 1 197 / 645 50 Residential 2005 [134][135]
090.089= The Pacifica 2–5 197 / 645 50 Residential 2005 [135][136]
091.089= The Pacifica 6 197 / 645 50 Residential 2005 [135][137]
092.089= The Pacifica 7 197 / 645 50 Residential 2005 [135][138]
093.089= Cable TV Tower 197 / 645 41 Office 1993 [139][140]
094.094 Aigburth 196 / 643 48 Residential 1999 [141][142]
095.095= Vision City 2 195 / 641 52 Residential 2007 [143][144]
096.095= Vision City 3 195 / 641 52 Residential 2007 [144][145]
097.097 Times Square Natwest Tower 194 / 636 40 Office 1993 [146][147]
098.098= Vision City 1 192 / 631 52 Residential 2007 [144][148]
099.098= Vision City 5 192 / 631 52 Residential 2007 Also known as Vision City Tower 4.[144][149]
100.0100= Banyan Garden 2 191 / 628 57 Residential 2003 [150][151]
101.0100= Banyan Garden 6 191 / 628 57 Residential 2003 [151][152]
102.0100= Banyan Garden 7 191 / 628 57 Residential 2003 [151][153]
103.0103 39 Conduit Road 191 / 626 42 Residential 2009 [154]
104.0104 The Centrium 189 / 620 41 Office 2001 [155][156]
105.0105= Metro Town Tower 3 188 / 617 57 Residential 2006 [106][157][158]
106.0105= Metro Town Tower 5 188 / 617 57 Residential 2006 Also known as Metro Town - Tower 4.[106][159][160]
107.0105= One Exchange Square 188 / 617 52 Office 1985 [161]
108.0105= Two Exchange Square 188 / 617 52 Office 1985 [162]
109.0105= Oxford House/Time Warner 188 / 617 41 Office 1999 [163]
110.0110= Millennium City 5 187 / 614 45 Office 2004 [164][165]
111.0110= Landmark East Tower 1 187 / 614 40 Office 2008 [166]
112.0110= Landmark East Tower 2 187 / 614 43 Hotel, Office 2008 [167]
113.0110= 9 Queen's Road Central 187 / 614 39 Office 1991 [168][169]
114.0114 Entertainment Building 187 / 612 33 Office 1993 [170][171]
115.0115 Lippo Centre II 186 / 610 48 Office 1988 [172][173]
116.0116 The Westpoint 186 / 609 41 Office 1999 [174][175]
117.0117= Standard Chartered Bank Building 185 / 607 42 Office 1990 [176]
118.0117= Sino Plaza 185 / 607 38 Office 1992 [177][178]
119.0117= Manhattan Heights 185 / 607 55 Residential 2000 [179][180]
120.0117= AIA Central 185 / 607 40 Office 2005 Formerly called AIG Tower.[181][182]
121.0121 Ocean Pointe 184 / 603 54 Residential 2001 [183][184]
122.0122 Vision City 6 183 / 600 50 Residential 2007 Also known as Vision City Tower 5.[144][185]
123.0123 Banyan Garden 5 183 / 599 54 Residential 2003 [151][186]
124.0124 Three Pacific Place 182 / 597 40 Office 2004 [187][188]
125.0125 Convention Plaza Office 181 / 595 50 Office 1990 [189][190]
126.0126= Liberté 1 181 / 593 51 Residential 2003 [191][192]
127.0126= Liberté 2 181 / 593 51 Residential 2003 [191][193]
128.0126= Liberté 3 181 / 593 51 Residential 2003 [191][194]
129.0129= Immigration Tower 181 / 593 49 Office 1990 [195][196]
130.0129= Revenue Tower 181 / 593 49 Office 1990 [197][198]
131.0131 AIA Tower 180 / 592 44 Office 1999 [199][200]
132.0132= The Merton 3 180 / 591 51 Residential 2005 [130]
133.0132= Sham Wan Towers 1 180 / 591 51 Residential 2003 [201][202]
134.0132= Sham Wan Towers 2 180 / 591 51 Residential 2003 [202][203]
135.0132= Sham Wan Towers 3 180 / 591 45 Residential 2003 [202][204]
136.0132= Liberte 5 180 / 591 52 Residential 2003 [191][205]
137.0132= Liberte 6 180 / 591 52 Residential 2003 [191][206]
138.0138= Banyan Garden 3 180 / 590 53 Residential 2003 [151][207][208]
139.0138= The OakHill 180 / 590 58 Residential 2011 Floors 4, 14, 24, 34, 44, and 54 are omitted due to superstition.[209][210][211]

* Indicates still under construction, but has been topped out.

= Indicates buildings that have the same rank because they have the same height.

Tallest under construction, approved or proposed[edit]

Approved[edit]

These buildings have been approved in Hong Kong and are planned to rise at least 180 metres (591 ft). A floor count of 50 stories is used as the cutoff in place of a height of 180 m (591 ft) for buildings whose heights have not yet been released by their developers.


Name Height*
m / ft
Floors Year* Notes Reference
New World Centre East 265 / 869 70 Currently undergoing groundwork / site preparation. [212][213][214]
Kwun Tong Town Centre Redevelopment Landmark Tower 260 / 853 63 2015 Properties acquisition completed. Site undergoing preparation. [215][216][217][218][219]
Taikoo Place Redevelopment Phase 2A Building 225 / 738 51 Rebuild of Somerset House. Height reduced from the originally proposed 295m to 225m. [220][221][222][223]
Taikoo Place Redevelopment Phase 2B Building 195 / 640 46 Rebuild of Warwick House. Height increased from the originally proposed 160m to 195m. Project will begin no earlier than 2016, after Somerset House redevelopment. [220][221][222][224]
Hutchison House Redevelopment 185 / 607 47 [225][226][227][227][228]

* Table entries without text indicate that information regarding building heights, and/or dates of completion has not yet been released.

Proposed[edit]

This listed buildings are proposed in Hong Kong and are planned to rise at least 180 metres (591 ft). A floor count of 50 stories is used as the cutoff in place of a height of 180 m (591 ft) for buildings whose heights have not yet been released by their developers.


Name Height*
m / ft
Floors* Year* Notes Reference
Admiralty Tower 350 / 1,148 [229]
Hopewell Centre II 218 / 715 55 [230]

* Table entries without text indicate that information regarding building heights, floor counts, and/or dates of completion has not yet been released.

Timeline of tallest buildings[edit]

The Bank of China Building stood as the tallest building in Hong Kong from 1950 until 1966.

This is a list of buildings that in the past held the title of tallest building in Hong Kong.

Name Street address Years as tallest Height
m / ft
Floors Reference
Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank building 09.01 Queen's Road Central 1935–1950 01.070 / 230 13 [10]
Bank of China Building 02.02A Des Voeux Road Central 1950–1966 02.076 / 250 17 [231][232]
Kiu Kwan Mansion 03.0395 King's Road 1966–1971 04.095.12 / 312 28
Pearl City Mansion 08.022-36 Paterson Street 1971–1973 05.0109 / 358 34 [233]
Connaught Centre[D] 01.01 Connaught Place 1973–1980 06.0178 / 585 52 [234]
Hopewell Centre 10.0183 Queen's Road East 1980–1990 07.0216 / 709 64 [68]
Bank of China Tower 05.01 Garden Road 1990–1992 08.0367 / 1,205 70 [29]
Central Plaza 06.018 Harbour Road 1992–2003 09.0374 / 1,227 78 [27]
Two International Finance Centre 04.08 Finance Street 2003–2010 10.0415 / 1,362 88 [26]
International Commerce Centre 1 Austin Road Kowloon 2010–present 11.0484 / 1,588 118

Notable stale proposal, cancelled and vision projects[edit]

Due to an increasing concerns on potential environmental threads demonstrated by supertall skyscrapers (such as wall effect), numerous height restriction laws are applied to proposed or in some cases, approved projects during recent history. For this reason, many developers are forced to either modify or cancel their projects.


Name Height
m / feet
Floors Notes Refs
Bionic Tower 1,228 / 4,029 300 Vision. Vertical city for housing 100,000+ people. [235][236]
Kowloon MTR Tower 574 / 1,883 102 Abandoned proposal. Original proposal for the Union Square development project in Kowloon, and was planned to be the candidate for the tallest building in the world. The project now completed as International Commerce Centre. [237]
Original Nina Tower Proposal 518 / 1699 108 Abandoned proposal. This is the original proposal for the current Nina Towers to be the world's tallest building in 1994. The proposal was rejected by the government due to being in the major airway of the newly established Hong Kong International Airport. The proposed tower is literally split in half, with the dominant being the current Nina Tower and the other Teddy Tower. [238][239]
SAR Government Centre 450 / 1,476 - Abandoned proposal. Project is now moved to the Tamar Site as Central Government Complex [240]
The Gateway III[C] 405 / 1,329 96 Rejected proposal. The project is rejected due to the height restriction law. It is ultimately cancelled and is never built. [241][242][243]
Hong Kong Wanchai Tower 400 / 1,312 - Cancelled [235][244][245]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

A.^ Hong Kong has six completed skyscrapers taller than 300 metres (984 ft), Chicago has six and Dubai has four. Source: SkyscraperPage: Hong Kong, Chicago, Dubai.
B.^ The figure 272 counts only buildings with known height figures greater than 150 m (492 ft). There are a number of completed buildings ranging from 50 to 63 stories tall that do not have height figures listed as seen here [10], here [11] and here [12] on Emporis as well as CTBUH. It is possible but not definite that some of these skyscrapers are taller than 150 m (492 ft); thus, it is safe to only be stated that there are at least 272 buildings that are at least 150 m (492 ft) high.
C.^ Two height figures are given for the Gateway Tower III: 405 m (1,329 ft) and 450 m (1,476 ft). An official figure from the developer has not yet been released.
D.^ This building was constructed as the Connaught Centre, but has since been renamed Jardine House.

References[edit]

General
Specific
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  84. ^ AZURA | Swire Properties
  85. ^ Azura, Hong Kong - SkyscraperPage.com
  86. ^ AZURA - Swire Properties’ latest residential development in Hong Kong
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  133. ^ Hysan Names Causeway Bay's Green Landmark as Hysan Place
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  210. ^ 明報財經網-新聞-香港地產-地產要聞-麗新AIG成功「收齊」活道重建項目-20090304
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  212. ^ HONG KONG | New World Centre | 265m | 63 fl | U/C - SkyscraperCity
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  226. ^ HONG KONG | Hutchison House Redevelopment | 185m+ | 47 fl | App - SkyscraperCity
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  236. ^ Bionic Tower Facts | CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  237. ^ Kowloon MTR Tower, Hong Kong - SkyscraperPage.com
  238. ^ Nina Tower Facts | CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  239. ^ Nina Tower, Hong Kong | Building 174360 | EMPORIS
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  245. ^ Hong Kong Wanchai Tower, Hong Kong | Building 134264 | EMPORIS

External links[edit]