List of tallest buildings in Houston

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The U.S. city of Houston, Texas has over 360 completed high-rises, the majority of which are located in the downtown area.[1] In the city, there are 45 skyscrapers that rise higher than 400 feet (122 m), 31 skyscrapers at least 492 feet (150 m) in height, including 10 which rank among the tallest in the United States. The tallest building in Houston is the 75-story JPMorgan Chase Tower, which rises 1,002 feet (305 m) in Downtown Houston and was completed in 1982.[2] It also stands as the tallest building in the state of Texas and the 12th-tallest building in the United States. The second-tallest skyscraper in the city and the state is the Wells Fargo Plaza, which is 992 feet (302 m) tall.[3] Seven of the ten tallest buildings in Texas are located in Houston.[4]

The history of skyscrapers in Houston began with the 1904 completion of the Lomas & Nettleton Building; this 8-story structure is often regarded as the first skyscraper in the city.[5] It was also the tallest steel-framed building west of the Mississippi River at the time of its completion.[6][7] The building originally housed offices, but was converted into a residential loft tower in 1999 and renamed "Franklin Lofts". As Franklin Lofts is a low-rise building,[8] 711 Main, which was completed in 1908, was actually the city's first high-rise to rise at least 10 floors.[9] Although originally constructed as a commercial building, 711 Main was given a new glass and granite facade in 1980 and also renovated into a residential tower.[9] Houston went through a small building boom in the early 1920s, and then experienced a much larger boom lasting from 1963 to the late 1980s. During this time 38 of the city's 45 tallest buildings were constructed, including the JPMorgan Chase Tower, the Wells Fargo Bank Plaza and the Williams Tower. As of 2009, the skyline of Houston is ranked 13th in the world and fourth in the United States, behind New York City, Chicago, and Los Angeles, with 443 completed high-rises.[1]

Houston entered into another high-rise construction boom in 2002, and has since seen the completion of five buildings rising over 400 feet (122 m) tall. Four more skyscrapers are under construction in the city, including BG Plaza (formerly MainPlace), which rises 46 stories and 630 feet (192 m).[10] Completed in 2010,[10] the building is the tallest structure built in the 2000s in Houston. There are three additional skyscrapers approved or proposed for construction in the city that are planned to rise over 400 feet (120 m). As of April 2008, there are 71 high-rise buildings under construction, approved for construction, and proposed for construction in Houston.[11]

Skyline of Downtown Houston
Skyline of Uptown Houston

Tallest buildings[edit]

The JPMorgan Chase Tower, the tallest building in Houston and Texas
The Wells Fargo Bank Plaza, the second-tallest building in the city and the state
Williams Tower, Houston's third-tallest building
The Bank of America Center, the city's fourth-tallest building
Heritage Plaza, the city's fifth-tallest building
Continental Center I, the 8th-tallest building in Houston
One Shell Plaza, the 10th-tallest building in Houston

This lists ranks Houston skyscrapers that stand at least 400 feet (122 m) tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

Rank Name Height
ft / m
Floors Year Notes
1 JPMorgan Chase Tower 01.01,002 / 305 75 1982 78th-tallest building in the world, 14th-tallest in the United States; tallest 5-sided building in the world; has been the tallest building in the city and the state since 1982; tallest building completed in Houston in the 1980s; formerly known as the Texas Commerce Tower[2][12][13]
2 Wells Fargo Bank Plaza 02.0992 / 302 71 1983 85th-tallest building in the world, 16th-tallest in the United States; formerly known as the Allied Bank Plaza and the First Interstate Bank Plaza[3][14][15]
3 Williams Tower 03.0901 / 275 64 1983 141st-tallest building in the world, 27th-tallest in the United States; tallest building in Houston located outside of the Downtown area; originally known as the Transco Tower; upon completion, it stood as the tallest skyscraper in the world located outside of a city's central business district.[16][17][18]
4 Bank of America Center 04.0780 / 238 56 1983 60th-tallest in the United States[19][20][21]
5 Heritage Plaza 05.0762 / 232 53 1987 60th-tallest building in the United States[22][23]
6 Enterprise Plaza 06.0756 / 230 55 1980 62nd-tallest building in the United States; also known as 1100 Louisiana, InterFirst Plaza and First International Plaza[24][25][26]
7 Centerpoint Energy Plaza 07.0741 / 226 47 1974 77th-tallest building in the United States; originally known as the Houston Industries Plaza; the building was originally 651 feet (198 m) tall upon its completion in 1974, but a 1996 extension increased its height by 90 feet (27 m).[27][28]
8 Continental Center I 08.0732 / 223 53 1984 86th-tallest building in the United States[29][30]
9 Fulbright Tower 09.0725 / 221 52 1982 90th-tallest building in the United States[31][32]
10 One Shell Plaza 10.0714 / 218 50 1971 99th-tallest building in the United States, tallest building completed in Houston in the 1970s; including its antenna mast, the building rises 1,000 feet (305 m), making it the third-tallest building in the city when measuring by pinnacle height.[A][33][34]
11 1400 Smith Street 11.0691 / 211 50 1983 [35][36]
12 Three Allen Center 12.0685 / 209 50 1980 [37][38]
13 One Houston Center 13.0678 / 207 48 1978 [39][40]
14 First City Tower 14.0662 / 202 49 1981 [41][42]
15 BG Group Place 15.0630 / 192 46 2010 Tallest building completed in Houston in the 2010s[43][44]
16 San Felipe Plaza 16.0625 / 191 46 1984 [45][46]
17 Exxon Building 17.0607 / 185 44 1963 Tallest building completed in Houston in the 1960s[47][48]
18 1500 Louisiana Street 18.0600 / 183 40 2002 Tallest building completed in Houston in the 2000s[49][50]
19 America Tower 19.0591 / 180 42 1983 [51][52]
20 Two Houston Center 20.0579 / 176 40 1974 [53][54]
21 Marathon Oil Tower 21.0561 / 171 41 1983 [55][56]
22 Wedge International Tower 22.0551 / 168 43 1983 Formerly known as the Southwest Bank of Texas Building, Unitedbank Plaza and 1415 Louisiana[57][58][59]
23 KBR Tower 23.0550 / 167 40 1973 [60][61]
24 Pennzoil Place 24.0523 / 159 36 1976 [62][63]
25 Devon Energy Tower 25.0522 / 159 36 1978 [64][65]
26 One Park Place 26.0518 / 158 37 2009 [66][67]
27 Reliant Energy Plaza 27.0518 / 158 36 2003 [68][69]
28 Total Plaza 28.0518 / 158 35 1971 Also known as Total Plaza[70][71]
29 The Huntingdon 29.0502 / 153 34 1984 Tallest all-residential building in the city[72][73]
30 El Paso Energy Building 30.0502 / 153 33 1963 [74][75]
31 Memorial Hermann Tower 31.0500 / 152 33 2009 [76][77]
32 Hess Tower 32.0490 / 149 30 2010 [78][79]
33 Five Greenway Plaza 33.0465 / 142 31 1973 [80][81]
34 Calpine Center 34.0453 / 138 34 2003 [82][83]
35 One Allen Center 35.0452 / 138 34 1972 [84][85]
35 Four Leaf Towers I 34.0444 / 135 40 1982 [86][87]
37 Four Leaf Towers II 37.0444 / 135 40 1982 [88][89]
38= Eleven Greenway Plaza 38.0441 / 134 31 1979 [90][91]
38= Nine Greenway Plaza 38.0441 / 134 31 1978 [92][93]
40 Phoenix Tower 40.0434 / 132 34 1984 [94][95]
41 Memorial Hermann Medical Plaza 41.0430 / 131 28 2007 [96][97]
42 JPMorgan Chase Building 42.0428 / 130 36 1929 Tallest building completed in Houston in the 1920s[98][99]
43 The Spires 43.0426 / 130 40 1983 [100][101]
44 Aon Tower 44.0420 / 128 30 1983 [102][103]
45 Niels Esperson Building 45.0410 / 125 32 1927 [104][105]
46 One City Centre 46.0410 / 125 32 1961 [106][107]
47 Bob Lanier Public Works Building 47.0410 / 125 27 1968 [108][109]
48 2727 Kirby 48.0401 / 30 2009
49 Hyatt Regency Houston 49.0401 / 122 30 1972 [110][111]
50 The Mercer West Tower 50.0400 / 122 30 2003 [112][113]

Timeline of tallest buildings[edit]

The Niels Esperson Building stood as the tallest building in Houston from 1927 until 1929.

This lists buildings that once held the title of tallest building in Houston.

Name Street address Years as tallest Height
ft / m
Floors Reference
Lomas & Nettleton Building[B] 201 Main Street 1904–1908 N/A[C] 8 [8]
711 Main[D] 711 Main Street 1908–1910 134 / 41 10 [114]
806 Main 806 Main Street 1910–1926 302 / 92 23 [115]
Magnolia Hotel 1100 Texas Avenue 1926–1927 325 / 99 22 [116]
Niels Esperson Building 808 Travis Street 1927–1929 410 / 125 32 [105]
JPMorgan Chase Building 712 Main Street 1929–1963 428 / 131 36 [99]
Exxon Building 800 Bell Avenue 1963–1971 607 / 185 44 [48]
One Shell Plaza[A] 910 Louisiana Street 1971–1980 714 / 218 50 [34]
Enterprise Plaza 1100 Louisiana Street 1980–1982 756 / 230 55 [25]
JPMorgan Chase Tower 600 Travis Street 1982–present 1,002 / 305 75 [12]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

A. ^ Centerpoint Energy Plaza currently rises taller than One Shell Plaza, and was completed in 1974, but at the time of its completion the building stood 651 feet (198 m) tall. An extension in 1996 increased its height by 90 feet (27 m).[27] Therefore, One Shell Plaza was actually the tallest building completed in Houston in the 1970s, and Centerpoint Energy Plaza never held the title of tallest building in Houston.
B. ^ This building was originally known as the Lomas & Nettleton Building, but has since been renamed Franklin Lofts.
C. ^ Official height figures have never been released by this building's developer.
D. ^ The building was originally known as 711 Main, but has since been renamed The Capitol Lofts.

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b "Cities: Highrises". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-03. 
  2. ^ a b "JPMorgan Chase Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  3. ^ a b "Wells Fargo Bank Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  4. ^ "Texas Skyscraper Diagram". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2009-08-03. 
  5. ^ Bivins, Ralph (1999-06-12). "Houston Developer to Transform Early 'Skyscraper' into Loft Apartments.". Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News. CNET Networks, Inc. Retrieved 2008-04-18. [dead link]
  6. ^ Martin, Paige. "Franklin Lofts in Houston". Martha Turner Properties. Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  7. ^ "Franklin Lofts". In The Loop Lofts. Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  8. ^ a b "Franklin Lofts". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  9. ^ a b "Capitol Lofts". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-04-18. 
  10. ^ a b "MainPlace". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-04-19. 
  11. ^ "Tall Buildings of Houston". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-08-03. 
  12. ^ a b "JPMorgan Chase Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  13. ^ "JPMorgan Chase Tower (formerly Texas Commerce Tower) United Energy Plaza". Pei Cobb Freed & Partners Architects LLP. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  14. ^ "Wells Fargo Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  15. ^ "Wells Fargo Bank Plaza". Artefaqs Corporation. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  16. ^ "Williams Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  17. ^ "Williams Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  18. ^ Dawson, Jennifer (2008-03-25). "Hines to pay $271M for Williams Tower". Houston Business Journal. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  19. ^ "Bank of America Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  20. ^ "Bank of America Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  21. ^ "Bank of America Center [Houston]". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  22. ^ "Heritage Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  23. ^ "Heritage Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  24. ^ "Enterprise Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  25. ^ a b "Enterprise Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  26. ^ "Enterprise Plaza". Artefaqs Corporation. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  27. ^ a b "Centerpoint Energy Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  28. ^ "Centerpoint Energy Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  29. ^ "Continental Center I". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  30. ^ "Continental Center I". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  31. ^ "Fulbright Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2013-11-25. 
  32. ^ "Fulbright Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2013-11-25. 
  33. ^ "One Shell Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  34. ^ a b "One Shell Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  35. ^ "1400 Smith Street". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  36. ^ "1400 Smith Street". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  37. ^ "Three Allen Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  38. ^ "Three Allen Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  39. ^ "One Houston Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  40. ^ "One Houston Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  41. ^ "First City Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  42. ^ "First City Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  43. ^ "BG Group Place". Emporis.com. 
  44. ^ "BG Group Place". SkyscraperPage.com. 
  45. ^ "San Felipe Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  46. ^ "San Felipe Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  47. ^ "ExxonMobil Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  48. ^ a b "Exxon Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  49. ^ "1500 Louisiana Street". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  50. ^ "1500 Louisiana Street". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  51. ^ "American General Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  52. ^ "America Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  53. ^ "2 Houston Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  54. ^ "Two Houston Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  55. ^ "Marathon Oil Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  56. ^ "Marathon Oil Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  57. ^ "WEDGE International Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  58. ^ "Wedge International Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  59. ^ "Wedge International Tower". Artefaqs Corporation. Retrieved 2008-04-06. 
  60. ^ "KBR Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  61. ^ "KBR Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  62. ^ "Pennzoil Place". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  63. ^ "Pennzoil Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  64. ^ "Devon Energy Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  65. ^ "Devon Energy Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  66. ^ "One Park Place". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  67. ^ "One Park Place". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  68. ^ "Reliant Energy Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  69. ^ "Reliant Energy Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  70. ^ "Total Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  71. ^ "Louisiana Place". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  72. ^ "The Huntingdon". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  73. ^ "The Huntingdon". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  74. ^ "El Paso Energy Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-24. 
  75. ^ "El Paso Energy Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  76. ^ "Memorial Hermann Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  77. ^ "Memorial Hermann Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2013-12-17. 
  78. ^ "Hess Tower, Houston, U.S.A.". 
  79. ^ "Hess Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. 
  80. ^ "5 Greenway Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  81. ^ "Five Greenway Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  82. ^ "717 Texas Avenue". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  83. ^ "Calpine Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  84. ^ "One Allen Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  85. ^ "One Allen Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  86. ^ "Four Leaf Towers I". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  87. ^ "Four Leaf Towers I". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  88. ^ "Four Leaf Towers II". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  89. ^ "Four Leaf Towers II". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  90. ^ "11 Greenway Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  91. ^ "Eleven Greenway Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  92. ^ "El Paso Tower]". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  93. ^ "Nine Greenway Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  94. ^ "Phoenix Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  95. ^ "Phoenix Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  96. ^ "Memorial Hermann Medical Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  97. ^ "Memorial Hermann Medical Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  98. ^ "JPMorgan Chase Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  99. ^ a b "JPMorgan Chase Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  100. ^ "The Spires". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  101. ^ "The Spires". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  102. ^ "Aon Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  103. ^ "Aon Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  104. ^ "Niels Esperson Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  105. ^ a b "Niels Esperson Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  106. ^ "One City Centre". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  107. ^ "One City Centre". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  108. ^ "Bob Lanier Public Works Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  109. ^ "Bob Lanier Public Works Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  110. ^ "Hyatt Regency Houston". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  111. ^ "Hyatt Regency Houston". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  112. ^ "The Mercer West Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  113. ^ "The Mercer West Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-11-01. 
  114. ^ "Capitol Lofts". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-22. 
  115. ^ "806 Main". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-22. 
  116. ^ "Magnolia Hotel". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2007-12-22. 

External links[edit]