List of tallest buildings in Shanghai

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A panorama view of riverside of Pudong

The city of Shanghai, China is one of the fastest growing cities in the world in terms of skyscraper construction,[1] with the City of Shanghai reporting at the end of 2004 that there had been 6,704 buildings of 11 stories or more completed since 1990.[2] In 2011 there are over 20,000 buildings 11 stories or higher and more than 1,000 buildings exceeding 30 stories in Shanghai.[3] As of December 2011, there are 165 high-rise buildings either under construction, approved for construction, or proposed for construction, of which three are over 300 m (980 ft) high.[4] Since 2008, Shanghai has boasted more free-standing buildings above 400m (3) than any other city (except Chicago).[A]

Shanghai's first building boom occurred in the 1920s and 30s, during the city's heyday as a multinational center of business and finance.[5] The city's international concessions permitted foreign investment, and with it came architectural styles from the West, as seen today in areas such as the French Concession and the Bund.[6] After the Communist takeover in 1949 the city's development was stifled, punished for its earlier capitalist excesses.[7] After economic reforms beginning in the 1980s, the city is undergoing its second construction boom to fulfill its desire to regain its status as an important global financial center.[8]

The tallest skyscraper in Shanghai is the Shanghai World Financial Center, which is 492 m (1,614 ft) tall with 101 floors. It is currently the tallest building in the People's Republic of China and the third-tallest in the world.[9][10] The tallest building under construction is the Shanghai Tower; it will have a height of 632 m (2,073 ft) when completed, and consequently will be the tallest building in China and second tallest building in the world after the Burj Khalifa.[11]

Tallest buildings[edit]

The Plaza 66 towers

This lists ranks Shanghai skyscrapers that stand at least 170 m (560 ft) tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equals sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

Rank Name Height
m / ft
Floors Year Notes
01.01 Shanghai Tower 632 / 2,073 121 2014 Tallest building in China[9][12]
01.01 Shanghai World Financial Center 492 / 1,614 101 2008 Used to be the tallest building in China, and contains the highest observation deck in the world[9][13]
02.0 Oriental Pearl Tower[B] 470 / 1,535 47 1994 Observation tower and communications antenna[14][15]
03.02 Jin Mao Tower 421 / 1,380 93 1998 Tallest building completed in the 1990s[16][17]
04.03 Shimao International Plaza 333 / 1,093 60 2005 [18][19]
08.04 Shanghai Wheelock Square 297 / 974.5 58 2010 [20]
05.05 Plaza 66 288 / 945 66 2001 [21][22]
06.06 Tomorrow Square 285 / 934 55 2003 [23][24]
07.07 Hong Kong New World Tower 278 / 913 61 2002 [25][26]
08.08 One Lujiazui 269 / 869 53 2008 [27][28][29]
09.09 Bocom Financial Towers 265 / 869 52 2002 [30][31]
10.010= Grand Gateway Shanghai I 262 / 860 52 2005 [32][33]
11.010= Grand Gateway Shanghai II 262 / 860 52 2005 [34][35]
12.012 IFC North Tower 260 / 853 56 2010 Also known as Two ifc[36][37]
12.013 Huamin King Tower 258 / 846 63 2011 [38]
12.014 Bank of Shanghai Headquarters 252 / 827 46 2005 [39][40]
13.015 IFC South Tower 250 / 820 58 2009 Also known as HSBC Building[41]
13.016 Maxdo Centre 241 / 792 55 2002 [42][43]
14.017 Renaissance Shanghai Zhongshan Park Hotel 238 / 781 60 2006 Also known as Shanghai Summit Shopping City[44][45]
15.018 International Ocean Shipping Building 232 / 763 50 2000 [46][47]
16.019 Plaza 66 Tower 2 228 / 749 45 2006 [48][49]
17.020= Oasis Skyway Garden Hotel 226 / 742 52 2007 [50][51]
18.020= Bank of China Tower 226 / 741 53 2000 [52][53]
19.022 Raffles Square 222 / 728 49 2003 [54][55]
20.023= Zhongrong Jasper Tower 220/722 48 2008 [56]
20.023= BM Plaza 220 / 722 50 2009 [57]
20.025= CITIC Pacific HQ 219 / 887 49 2010 [58]
20.025= Riviera TwinStar Square 219 / 887 49 2010 [59]
21.027 Changfeng Hotel 218 / 715 53 2005 Also known as the Regent Shanghai[60][61]
22.028 Shanghai Dong Hai Plaza 217 / 712 52 2004 [62][63]
23.029= World Finance Tower 212 / 696 43 2000 [64][65]
24.029= King Tower 212 / 696 38 1996 [66][67]
25.031 Pudong International Information Port 211 / 692 40 2001 [68][69]
26.032 21st Century Mansion 210 / 689 49 2009 [70]
27.033 Sofitel Jin Jiang Oriental Pudong Hotel 207 / 679 47 2002 [71][72]
31.034= Golden Bell Mansion 208 / 682 42 1998 [73][74]
32.034= Radisson Hotel Shanghai New World 208 / 682 46 2005 [75][76][77]
32.034= Taiping Financial Tower 208 / 682 38 2011 [78]
32.034= China Merchants Bank Mansion 208 / 682 37 2011 [79]
28.038 Golden Landmark 206 / 676 41 2008 [80]
28.039 Nan Zheng Building 205 / 673 49 1998 [81][82]
29.040 Lippo Plaza 204 / 669 38 1998 [83][84]
30.041 Shanghai Sen Mao International Building 203 / 667 46 1998 [85][86]
29.042= Huaxia Financial Square Tower A 202 / 663 42 2003 Also known as Xinyuan Square A[87][88]
30.042= Huaxia Financial Square Tower B 202 / 663 42 2005 Also known as Xinyuan Square B[89][90]
32.044= Park Place 200 / 656 43 2008 [91]
55.044= Shanghai World Plaza 200 / 656 38 1997 [92]
33.046 World Plaza Shanghai 199 / 653 38 1998 [93][94]
34.047= BEA Finance Tower 198 / 650 42 2009 [95]
34.047= Bund Center 198 / 650 45 2002 [96][97]
35.049 Wenxin United Press Building 197 / 646 43 1999 [98][99]
36.050= Lan Sheng Building 196 / 643 39 1997 [100][101]
37.050= China Insurance Building 196 / 643 38 1999 [102][103]
38.050= The Center 196 / 643 45 2004 [104][105]
39.053 CITIC Square 193 / 633 45 2000 [106][107]
40.054= Huaneng Union Tower 188 / 617 38 1997 [108][109]
41.054= CAAC Pudong Tower 188 / 617 38 2001 [110][111]
42.054= Bao'an Tower 188 / 617 38 1997 [112][113]
43.057 Shanghai Futures Building 187 / 614 37 1998 [114][115]
44.058= China Merchants Tower 186 / 610 38 1995 [116][117]
45.058= Shanghai China Merchants Plaza Office Building 186 / 610 39 1998 [118]
46.060= Aurora Plaza 185 / 607 37 2003 [119][120]
47.060= Pudong Development Mansion 185 / 607 36 2001 [121][122]
48.062 Shanghai Yi Building 183 / 600 40 1995 [123]
48.063 Ciro's Plaza 181 / 594 39 2002 [124][125]
49.064= Union Square II 180 / 591 35 2005 [126][127]
50.064= Union Square I 180 / 591 35 2005 [128][129]
55.064= Mirae Asset Tower 180 / 591 32 2008 [130]
55.064= Silver Peak Tower 180 / 591 42 2001 [131]
51.064= Pudong Shangri La Hotel Extension 180 / 591 43 2005 [132][133]
52.064= Citigroup Tower 180 / 591 41 2005 [134][135]
53.064= Shanghai Property Information Exchange Center 180 / 591 35 2000 [136][137]
53.064= Hopson International Tower 180 / 591 33 2008 [138][139]
54.072= Harbour Ring Plaza 178 / 584 36 1998 [140][141]
55.072= K. Wah Center 178 / 584 39 2005 [142][143]
55.072= Shanghai New World Centre 178 / 584 42 1998 [144]
55.075= Lin Chong Hing Finance Center 177 / 581 39 2008 [145]
55.075= CMBC Tower 177 / 581 39 2008 [145]
55.075= Shanghai Expo Guest Hotel 177 / 581 40 2010 [146]
55.077 Liu Chong Hing Finance Center 174 / 571 42 2006 [147]
55.078 Shimao Riviera Garden 1 173 / 568 55 2000 [148]
56.079 Four Seasons Hotel 172 / 564 37 2002 [149][150]
55.080= Ping'an Financial Center 170 / 558 38 2010 [151]
55.080= Shanghai Grand Center 170 / 558 41 2011 [152]

* Indicates still under construction, but has been topped out.

Tallest under construction, approved, and proposed[edit]

Under construction[edit]

This lists buildings that are under construction in Shanghai and are planned to rise at least 170 m (560 ft). Buildings that have already been topped out are also included.

Name Height*
m / feet
Floors* Year* Notes
Shanghai Tower 632 / 2,073 128 2014 Originally planned for 2010, but has been delayed to 2014 completion. This building will become the tallest building in China when completed.[11][153]
White Magnolia Plaza 320 / 1,048 66 2014 [154][155]
TIPS China Building 290 / 951 67 [156]
Albany Oasis Garden Office Tower 260 / 853 60 2012 [157]
Kerry Plaza 2 South Tower 260 / 853 58 2011 [158]
Dazhongli Center Tower 2 253 / 831 48 2014 [159]
Yuexing Universal Mall Tower A 240 / 787 45 2014 [160]
Yuexing Universal Mall Tower B 240 / 787 45 2014 [161]
Oriental Financial Center 200 / 656 31 2013 On plot X3-2 in Pudong[162][163]
Kerry Plaza 2 North Tower 198 / 650 43 2011 [164]
Pujiang International Finance Plaza 190 / 623 42 2013 [165]
Oriental Fisherman's Wharf Tower 180 / 591 38 2013 [166]
Dazhongli Center Tower 1 173 / 586 33 2014 [167]
White Magnolia Plaza 2 172 / 564 42 2014 [168]

* Table entries without text indicate that information regarding floor counts, and/or dates of completion has not yet been released.

Approved[edit]

This lists buildings that are approved for construction in Shanghai and are planned to rise at least 170 m (560 ft).

Name Height*
m / feet
Floors* Year* Notes
Concord World Phase Three 288 / 945 Considered to be a stale approved project[169][170]
Fortune World 200 / 656 2009 [171]
Sanzhi Hotel Tower 180 / 591 [172]

* Table entries without text indicate that information regarding floor counts, and/or dates of completion has not yet been released.

Proposed[edit]

City planners' vision of Shanghai in 2020

This lists buildings that are proposed for construction in Shanghai and are planned to rise at least 170 m (560 ft).

Name Height
m / feet
Floors* Year* Notes
Xujiahui Tower 460 / 1,509 92 Considered a stale proposal, originally meant for completion in 2010 and to be sited next to the Shanghai World Financial Center and the Jin Mao Tower[173][174] Newer proposals, however, suggests the tower to be placed in Xujiahui next to the Grand Gateway twin towers.
Future City 250 / 820 60 [175]
Lujiazui Shipyard Redevelopment Phase II 200 / 656 60 [176]
Jin Guo Tower 193 / 633 38 [177]
Bading Development Finance Mansion 180 / 591 41 2009 [178][179]

* Table entries without text indicate that information regarding floor counts, and/or dates of completion has not yet been released.

Timeline of tallest buildings[edit]

The Park Hotel was the tallest building in Shanghai when measured to roof for 49 years.

This lists buildings that once held the title of tallest building in Shanghai when measured to roof (excluding spire, but including clock tower in the case of the Customs House). When measured to height of structural or architectural top, the Shanghai Exhibition Centre (at 110.4 metres tall to top of spire) held the title from completion in 1955 until overtaken by the Jin Jiang Tower in 1988.

Name Street address Years as tallest Height
metres / ft
Floors Reference
Customs House, Shanghai 13 The Bund 1927–1934 82 / 269 8 [180]
Park Hotel 170 Nanjing West Road 1934–1983 84 / 275 22 [181]
Shanghai Hotel 505 Wulumuqi Road North 1983–1985 91 / 299 27 [182]
Union Friendship Tower 1985–1988 106 / 348 30 [183]
Jin Jiang Tower 161 Changle Road 1988–1990 153 / 502 46 [184]
The Portman Ritz-Carlton 1376 Nanjing Xi Lu 1990–1995 165 / 541 48 [185]
China Merchants Tower Lujiazui Central Financial District 1995–1996 186 / 610 38 [117]
King Tower Xin Jin Qiao Rd 1996–1998 212 / 696 38 [67]
Jin Mao Tower 88 Century Boulevard 1998–2007 421 / 1,380 88 [17]
Shanghai World Financial Center Century Boulevard 2007–present 492 / 1,614 101 [12]

Notes[edit]

A. ^ Since 2009 Chicago has 3 complete freestanding structures over 400m: Willis Tower 527m, John Hancock Center 457m, Trump International Hotel and Tower 423m.
B. ^ The Oriental Pearl Tower is not a habitable building, but is included in this list for comparative purposes. Per a ruling by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, freestanding observation towers are not considered to be buildings, as they are not fully habitable structures.

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ David Barboza (2005-10-18). "China's building boom becomes a frenzy". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 2008-08-07. [dead link]
  2. ^ "Shanghai Buildings, Real Estate, Architecture, Skyscrapers and Construction Database". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-19. 
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  5. ^ "A Glimpse at 1930s Shanghai". Yoran Beisher. 2003-09-24. Retrieved 2008-03-20. [dead link]
  6. ^ Mackerras, Colin (2001). The New Cambridge Handbook of Contemporary China. Cambridge University Press. p. 242. ISBN 0-521-78674-6. 
  7. ^ Yan, Jiaqi; Gao, Gao (1996). Turbulent Decade: A History of the Cultural Revolution. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-8248-1695-1. 
  8. ^ Louisa Lim (2006-12-11). "Shanghai Urban Development: The Future Is Now". NPR. Retrieved 2008-08-06. 
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  14. ^ "Oriental Pearl Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  15. ^ "Oriental Pearl Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  16. ^ "Jin Mao Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  17. ^ a b "Jin Mao Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  18. ^ "Shanghai Shimao International Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  19. ^ "Shanghai Shimao International Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  20. ^ "Shanghai Wheelock Square". CTBUH. Retrieved 2011-04-08. 
  21. ^ "Plaza 66". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  22. ^ "Plaza 66 Tower One". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  23. ^ "Tomorrow Square". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  24. ^ "Tomorrow Square". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  25. ^ "Hong Kong New World Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
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  30. ^ "Bocom Financial Towers". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  31. ^ "Bocom Financial Towers". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  32. ^ "Grand Gateway Shanghai I". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  33. ^ "Grand Gateway Shanghai 1". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  34. ^ "Grand Gateway Shanghai II". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  35. ^ "Grand Gateway Shanghai 2". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  36. ^ "Shanghai IFC North Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  37. ^ "Shanghai International Financial Center 1". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  38. ^ "Huamin King Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  39. ^ "Bank of Shanghai Headquarters". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  40. ^ "Bank of Shanghai Headquarters". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  41. ^ "Maxdo Centre". CTBUH. Retrieved 2010-03-30. 
  42. ^ "Maxdo Centre". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  43. ^ "Maxdo Centre". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  44. ^ "Cloud Nine". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  45. ^ "Shanghai Summit Shopping City". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  46. ^ "International Ocean Shipping Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  47. ^ "International Ocean Shipping Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  48. ^ "Plaza 66 Tower 2". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  49. ^ "Plaza 66 Tower Two". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  50. ^ "Oasis Skyway Garden Hotel". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  51. ^ "Oasis Skyway Garden Hotel". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  52. ^ "Bank of China Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  53. ^ "Bank of China Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  54. ^ "Raffles Square". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  55. ^ "Raffles City Shanghai". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  56. ^ "Zhongrong Jasper Tower". CTBUH. Retrieved 2011-04-08. 
  57. ^ "BM Plaza". 
  58. ^ "CITIC Pacific HQ". 
  59. ^ "Riviera TwinStar Square 2". CTBUH. Retrieved 2011-04-08. 
  60. ^ "Changfeng Hotel". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  61. ^ "The Regent Shanghai". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  62. ^ "Shanghai Dong Hai Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  63. ^ "Dong Hai Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  64. ^ "World Finance Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  65. ^ "World Finance Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  66. ^ "King Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  67. ^ a b "King Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  68. ^ "Pudong International Information Port". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  69. ^ "Pudong International Information Port". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  70. ^ "21st Century Mansion Port". 
  71. ^ "Sofitel Jin Jiang Oriental Pudong Hotel". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  72. ^ "Sofitel Jin Jiang Oriental Pudong Hotel". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  73. ^ "Golden Bell Mansion". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  74. ^ "Golden Bell Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  75. ^ "Radisson Hotel Shanghai New World". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-08-03. 
  76. ^ "Radisson Hotel Shanghai New World". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  77. ^ "Radisson Hotel Shanghai New World". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  78. ^ "Taiping Financial Tower". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-08-03. 
  79. ^ "China Merchants Bank Mansion". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-08-03. 
  80. ^ "Golden Landmark". CTBUH. Retrieved 2011-04-08. 
  81. ^ "Nan Zheng Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  82. ^ "Nan Zheng Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  83. ^ "Lippo Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  84. ^ "Lippo Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  85. ^ "Shanghai Sen Mao International Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  86. ^ "Shanghai Sen Mao International Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  87. ^ "Huaxia Financial Square Tower A". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  88. ^ "Xinyuan Square A". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  89. ^ "Huaxia Financial Square Tower B". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  90. ^ "Xinyuan Square B". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  91. ^ "Park Place". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-08-03. 
  92. ^ "Shanghai World Plaza". CTBUH. Retrieved 2011-04-08. 
  93. ^ "World Plaza Shanghai". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  94. ^ "World Plaza Shanghai". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  95. ^ "Bund Center". CTBUH. Retrieved 2011-03-30. 
  96. ^ "Bund Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  97. ^ "Bund Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  98. ^ "Wenxin United Press Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  99. ^ "Wenxin United Press Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  100. ^ "Lan Sheng Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  101. ^ "Lan Sheng Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  102. ^ "China Insurance Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  103. ^ "China Insurance Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  104. ^ "The Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  105. ^ "The Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  106. ^ "CITIC Square". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  107. ^ "CITIC Square". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  108. ^ "Huaneng Union Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  109. ^ "Shanghai Huaneng Union Mansion". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  110. ^ "CAAC Pudong Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  111. ^ "CAAC Pudong Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  112. ^ "Bao'an Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  113. ^ "Bao'an Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  114. ^ "Shanghai Futures Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  115. ^ "Shanghai Futures Building". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  116. ^ "China Merchants Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  117. ^ a b "China Merchants Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  118. ^ "Shanghai China Merchants Plaza Office Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  119. ^ "Aurora Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  120. ^ "Aurora Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  121. ^ "Pudong Development Mansion". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  122. ^ "Pudong Development Mansion". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  123. ^ "Shanghai Yi Building". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-08-03. 
  124. ^ "Ciro's Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  125. ^ "Ciro's Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  126. ^ "Union Square II". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  127. ^ "Union Square II". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  128. ^ "Union Square I". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  129. ^ "Union Square I". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  130. ^ "Mirae Asset Tower". CTBUH. Retrieved 2011-04-08. 
  131. ^ "Silver Peak Tower". CTBUH. Retrieved 2011-04-08. 
  132. ^ "Pudong Shangri La Hotel Extension". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  133. ^ "Pudong Shangri La Hotel Extension". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  134. ^ "Citigroup Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  135. ^ "Citigroup Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  136. ^ "Shanghai Property Information Exchange Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  137. ^ "Shanghai Property Information Exchange Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  138. ^ "Hopson International Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  139. ^ "Hopson International Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  140. ^ "Harbour Ring Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  141. ^ "Harbour Ring Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  142. ^ "K. Wah Center". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  143. ^ "K. Wah Center". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  144. ^ "Shanghai New World Finance Center". CTBUH. Retrieved 2011-04-08. 
  145. ^ a b "Lin Chong Hing Finance Center". CTBUH. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  146. ^ "Shanghai Expo Guest Hotel". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-08-03. 
  147. ^ "Liu Chong Hing Finance Center". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-08-03. 
  148. ^ "Shimao Riviera Garden 1". CTBUH. Retrieved 2011-04-08. 
  149. ^ "Four Seasons Hotel". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  150. ^ "Four Seasons Hotel". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  151. ^ "Ping'an Financial Center". CTBUH. Retrieved 2011-04-08. 
  152. ^ "Shanghai Grand Center". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-08-03. 
  153. ^ "Shanghai defies slump with tallest building plan". Reuters. 2008-11-27. 
  154. ^ "North Bund Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  155. ^ "North Bund Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-05-22. 
  156. ^ "TIPS China Building". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  157. ^ "Albany Oasis Garden Office Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  158. ^ "Kerry Plaza 2 South Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  159. ^ "Yuexing Universal Mall Tower A". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-08-03. 
  160. ^ "Yuexing Universal Mall Tower A". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  161. ^ "Yuexing Universal Mall Tower B". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  162. ^ "X3-2 Office Development". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2010-12-16. 
  163. ^ "Oriental Financial Center". CTBUH. Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
  164. ^ "Kerry Plaza 2 North Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  165. ^ "Pujiang International Finance Plaza". CTBUH. Retrieved 2011-12-21. 
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External links[edit]