List of tallest buildings in Sydney

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The Sydney Central Business District skyline at sunset.

Sydney, the largest city in Australia, is home to 1,168 completed high-rise buildings.[1] The tallest buildings in the city are heavily concentrated in the central business district, although other areas around the city, such as Parramatta and North Sydney, boast a significant number of high-rises.

As of January 2011, the entire city has over 20 buildings that rise at least 160 m (525 ft) in height, more than any other city in Australia.[2][3] The earliest skyscraper constructed in Sydney was Culwulla Chambers, which stands at a height of 50 m (164 ft) and was completed in 1912. Designed by Spain, Cosh and Minnett, the building consisted of 14 floors and cost £100,000 to build, equivalent of approximately $1 million in today's money.[4]

Sydney originally had a 46 m (151 ft) height limit that was enforced until 1957, which saw a construction boom for skyscrapers and buildings beginning in the early 1960s with the construction of the Australia Square, notable for being the world's tallest light weight concrete building at the time it was built.[5][6] Since August 1981, the tallest structure in Sydney is the Sydney Tower, at 309 m (1,014 ft).[7] However, according to the international standard of the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, observation towers are not fully habitable and do not count as buildings.[2] Excluding the Sydney Tower, the tallest building in Sydney is the Citigroup Centre, which was completed in 2000 and stands at 243 m (797 ft). It is also the eighth tallest building in Australia.[8][9]

As of November 2013, Sydney has 23 buildings under construction and 97 at planning stages.[10] The most recently completed high-rise was 8 Chifley Square, which stands at 140 m (459 ft) when measured to its roof. A recent 235 m (797 ft) height restriction implementation has slowed Sydney’s high-rise developments and its construction boom has been marred significantly by Melbourne’s, which allows for significantly taller structures.

Tallest buildings and structures 150m+ (492ft+)[edit]

This is a list of the tallest buildings in the city, which measures all structures to the highest architectural detail.

Rank Name Image Height (m) Floors Year Purpose Address Notes
- Sydney Tower Amp tower center point tower sydney.jpg 309 19 1977-1981 Observation Tower 100 Market Street Although the tallest structure in Sydney, Sydney Tower is not considered a habitable building by the CTBUH as it is primarily an observation tower. 275m to roof.
1 Citigroup Centre Citigroup Centre Sydney.JPG 243 50 1998-2000 Commercial 506 George Street Officially the tallest habitable building in Sydney since 2000. =10th tallest building in Australia.
2 Chifley Tower Chifley tower 1.jpg 241 50 1991-1992 Commercial 122 Phillip Street A 3-metre lightning rod was added in 2000 but does not constitute an architectural feature, leaving the building with an official height of 241m. 206m to roof. Tallest building in Sydney from 1992 to 2000. Was one of the most expensive buildings in the world at A$1.2 billion. Designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox.
3 Deutsche Bank Place Deutsche bank place.jpg 240 39 2003-2005 Commercial 126 Phillip Street The second-tallest building in the world with fewer than 40 floors (Al Faisaliyah Center (Riyadh) is taller at 267m). 160m to roof. Designed by Norman Foster.
4 Meriton World Tower World tower, Sydney.jpg 230 75 2001-2004 Residential 85 Liverpool Street Tallest residential building in Sydney since 2004. Tallest building in Sydney without a spire. Part of the World Square complex. Designed by Nation Fender Katsalidis.
5 MLC Centre Mlc center syd.jpg 228 60 1975-1977 Commercial 19 Martin Place 244m to antenna and 227m to roof. Tallest building in Sydney from 1977 to 1992. Designed by Harry Seidler.
6 Governor Phillip Tower Govenor Phillip Tower.jpg 227 54 1991-1994 Commercial 1 Farrer Place 254m to antenna and 227m to roof. Tallest Building in Sydney to antenna. Designed by Denton Corker Marshall.
7 Ernst & Young Tower Latitude Sydney.jpg 222 45 2003-2004 Commercial 680 George Street 190m to roof. Part of the World Square complex.
8 RBS Tower Aurora Place 3.jpg 219 41 1999-2001 Commercial 88 Phillip Street More commonly known as Aurora Place but officially RBS Tower. 188m to roof. Designed by Renzo Piano.
9 ANZ Tower ANZ Bank Centre.jpg 195 46 2010-2013 Commercial 163 Castlereagh Street
10 Suncorp Place AAPT Centre.jpg 193 48 1970-1982 Commercial 259 George Street Construction began in 1970 and was not completed until 1982, as the project was delayed many times.
11 AMP Centre AMP Building and AMP Centre. Sydney 188 45 1973-1976 Commercial 50 Bridge Street Tallest building in Sydney from 1976-1977. Currently undergoing major redevelopment. Designed by Peddle Thorp & Walker.
=12 Capita Centre Capita Centre.JPG 183 31 1987-1989 Commercial 9 Castlereagh Street Designed by Harry Seidler.
=12 Century Tower N/A 183 50 1994-1997 Residential 343 Pitt Street Tallest residential building in Sydney from 1997-2004.
14 Grosvenor Place Grosvenor Place.jpg 180 45 1985-1987 Commercial 225 George Street Designed by Harry Seidler.
=15 Australia Square Tower Australia Square building in George Street Sydney.jpg 170 46 1965-1967 Commercial 264 George Street Tallest building in Sydney from 1967-1976. Designed by Harry Seidler.
=15 Meriton Tower N/A 170 48 2004-2006 Residential 551 George Street Designed by Harry Seidler.
=15 Metro Grand N/A 170 40 2012-2014 Residential 438 Victoria Avenue, Chatswood Part of the Metro Residences complex above Chatswood Station. Tallest completed building outside Sydney CBD. Designed jointly by Cox Architecture and DesignInc.
18 The Peak Haymarket Market City.JPG 168 46 1992-1996 Residential 2 Quay Street Tallest residential building in Sydney from 1996-1997. Part of the Market City complex.
=19 1 O'Connell Street N/A 166 36 19??-1991 Commercial 1 O'Connell Street Designed by Peddle Thorp & Walker.
=19 Westpac Place Westpac Place from the Pyrmont Bridge.jpg 166 35 2003-2005 Commercial 251 Kent Street
21 201 Elizabeth Street N/A 165 40 1976-1978 Commercial 201 Elizabeth Street
22 Gateway Plaza N/A 164 46 1987-1990 Commercial 1 Macquarie Place Designed by Peddle Thorp & Walker.
23 HSBC Centre N/A 162 37 1986-1988 Commercial 586 George Street
24 The Cove N/A 158 45 2001-2003 Residential 129 Harrington Street Designed by Harry Seidler.
25 Hordern Towers N/A 156 48 1997-1999 Residential 401 Pitt Street Part of the World Square Complex.
26 Metro Spire N/A 155 38 2012-2014 Residential 436 Victoria Avenue, Chatswood Part of the Metro Residences complex above Chatswood Station. Designed jointly by Cox Architecture and DesignInc.
=27 Angel Place N/A 152 35 1995-2000 Commercial 117 Pitt Street Designed by Peddle Thorp & Walker.
=27 Sydney Central N/A 152 31 1990-1992 Commercial 477 Pitt Street
=29 85 Castlereagh Street N/A 151 32 2009-2012 Commercial 85 Castlereagh Street Part of the Sydney Tower complex. Designed by John Wardle Architects.
=29 Lumière Residences N/A 151 47 2004-2007 Residential 487 George Street Designed by Norman Foster.

Major future projects[edit]

This is a list of 150m+ proposed, approved and under construction skyscrapers in Sydney.[11][12]

  Under Construction
  Approved
  Proposed
Name Height Storeys Purpose Completion Location Status
m ft
Crown Sydney 272 892 70 Mixed Use 2019 Barangaroo Approved [13]
505 George Street 263 863 78 Residential TBA Sydney CBD Proposed
R3 Tower 247 810 70 Residential TBA Barangaroo Proposed
Greenland Centre Sydney 236 774 68 Residential 2017 Sydney CBD Approved [14]
International Tower 1 217 712 49 Commercial 2016 Barangaroo Under construction
R4 Tower 207 679 60 Residential TBA Barangaroo Proposed
AMP Centre redevelopment 200 660 49 Commercial 2020 Sydney CBD Proposed [15]
International Tower 2 178 584 43 Commercial 2015 Barangaroo Under construction
International Tower 3 168 551 39 Commercial 2016 Barangaroo Under construction
City Tattersalls Club Tower 168 551 48 Mixed Use TBA Sydney CBD Proposed [16]
33 Bligh Street 165 541 30 Commercial TBA Sydney CBD Approved[17]
200 George Street 155 509 35 Commercial 2016 Sydney CBD Under construction[18]

Timeline of tallest buildings[edit]

Includes tallest structures for comparison.[2][19][20]

Name Years as tallest Height (m) Floors Notes
St James' Church 1824-1875 52 -
Town Hall 1875-1879 57 4 Clock tower added in 1875.
Garden Palace 1879-1882 64 2 Destroyed by fire in 1882, site is today part of the Royal Botanic Gardens.
Town Hall 1882-1891 57 4
General Post Office 1891-1939 73 5
Sydney Harbour Bridge - 134 - Tallest structure in Sydney 1932-1956.
AWA Tower 1939-1962 112 14
TCN TV Tower - 171 - Tallest structure in Sydney 1956-65, replaced by taller 233m tower in 1965.
AMP Building 1962-1965 115 26
TCN TV Tower - 233 - Tallest structure in Sydney 1965-81, tallest lattice tower in Australia, replaced original 1956 tower.
State Office Block 1965-1967 128 32 Demolished in 1997 to make way for Aurora Place.
Australia Square Tower 1967-1976 170 46
AMP Centre 1976-1977 188 45
MLC Centre 1977-1992 228 60
Sydney Tower - 309 19 Tallest structure in Sydney 1981–present.
Chifley Tower 1992-2000 241 50
Citigroup Centre 2000–present 243 50 Tallest building in Sydney, =8th tallest building in Australia.
Sydney's tallest building (blue) and tallest structure (grey) from 1824 to 2014.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Buildings of Sydney profile". Emporis. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "existing | Buildings". Emporis. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  3. ^ "Sydney's tallest buildings - Top 20". Emporis. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Sydney's first skyscraper". State Library of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Biography: Harry Seidler AC OBE LFRAIA". architecture.com.au. The Australian Institute of Architects. 2005-05-06. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  6. ^ "Planning". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Centrepoint Tower". Sydney Architecture. Retrieved 8 February 2011. 
  8. ^ "Citigroup Centre". Emporis. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "Citigroup Centre". SkyscraperPage. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  10. ^ "Sydney - SkysrcaperPage". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  11. ^ "Sydney". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  12. ^ "City of Sydney | Buildings". Emporis. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  13. ^ "Billionaire Packer Wins Approval for Sydney Casino-Resort". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  14. ^ "CBD CENTRE - #PROPOSED: 115 Bathurst Street - 70st/236m/res". Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  15. ^ "AMP Centre Precinct Upgrade". Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  16. ^ "#Proposed | CBD CENTRE | City Tattersalls Club Tower | 48st / 160m / mixed". 
  17. ^ "CBD NORTH - #APPROVED: 33 Bligh Street (Substation & Tower) - 30L / 165M / office". Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  18. ^ "CBD NORTH - #PREP: 200 George Street - 35L / 155m / office". Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  19. ^ "demolished | Buildings". Emporis. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  20. ^ "TCN's new tower is quite an Eiffel!". National Library of Australia. Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  • Emporis (General database for Skyscrapers)