List of tallest buildings in Toronto

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View on the central business district from the CN Tower

This list of tallest buildings in Toronto ranks skyscrapers in the Canadian city of Toronto, Ontario by height. The tallest structure in Toronto is the CN Tower, which rises 553 metres (1,814 ft).[1] The CN Tower was the tallest free-standing structure on land from 1975 until 2007. However, it is not generally considered a high-rise building as it does not have successive floors that can be occupied. The tallest habitable building in the city is First Canadian Place, which rises 298 metres (978 ft) tall in Toronto's Financial District and was completed in 1975. It also stands as the tallest building in Canada.[2]

The history of skyscrapers in Toronto began in 1894 with the construction of the Beard Building, which is often regarded as the first skyscraper in the city.[3] Toronto went through its first building boom in the late 1920s and early 1930s, during which the number of high-rise buildings in the city vastly increased. After this period, there was a great lull in construction between 1932 and 1964 with only a single building above 300 feet tall being built.

The city then experienced a second, much larger building boom, which was at its peak between 1967 and 1976. This period saw the construction of Canada's three tallest buildings and 6 of its top 10 (at the time). When finished, the TD Tower was the 14th tallest building in the world (1967). The TD Tower would soon be followed by Commerce Court West, the 14th tallest building in the world at the time of its completion in 1972. Later, Canada's current tallest building, the First Canadian Place, became the 6th tallest building in the world at the time of its completion in 1975. After the mid-1970s, the pace of the boom slowed considerably but continued onto the early 1990s, culminating with the construction of the city's and Canada's 2nd and 3rd tallest buildings: Scotia Plaza and the TD Canada Trust Tower.

After this boom, the city went through a second, shorter lull in construction from 1993 to 2004, in which the city added only one new building to its top 20. By 2005 however, the city's third and largest high-rise construction boom began with the completion of One King Street West and has continued unabated ever since with nearly 50 planned, under construction or recently built buildings over 150 m/500 ft tall. Of the 15 buildings in Toronto taller than 200 metres, only 6 were built prior to 2000. By 2015, Toronto is expected to have 44 buildings over 150 metres and will most likely continue to have the most high-rise structures under construction of any city outside Asia and the Middle East.[4][5]

As of January 2013, Toronto is the site of 28 buildings over 500 ft tall and 31 over 150 m tall, with a total of 1,938 high-rise[6] buildings city wide, the second most for any city in North America. Since the 2010s, Toronto is building more towers than any other city in the Western world with 144 high-rise buildings under construction, 17 of which are over 150 metres in height.[5][7]

Toronto has been the site of several major skyscraper construction projects in the 2010s. Completed in 2012, the most recently completed skyscraper over 200 m (660 ft) is the Trump International Hotel and Tower, which has a pinnacle height of 277 metres (908 ft) and top dome height of 252 m (827 ft),[8] making it the fourth-tallest structure in Toronto and all of Canada. The tallest building under construction is Aura, which will rise to a height of 272 m (892 ft) and will become the tallest primarily residential building in North America. As of January 2013, there are 381 high-rise buildings under construction, proposed for construction, or approved for construction in the city.[6]

Tallest buildings[edit]

The following is a list of Toronto skyscrapers that stand at least 140 m (459 ft) and 19 buildings over 200 m tall, tall, ranked by standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details, but does not include antenna masts. An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed. Freestanding observation and/or telecommunication towers, while not habitable buildings, are included for comparison purposes; however, they are not ranked. One such tower is the CN Tower.

Rank Name Image Height
m / ft
Floors Year Category Notes
N/A CN Tower[N 1] Toronto - ON - Toronto Harbourfront7.jpg 553 / 1,815 147
equiv.
1976 Telecommunications
Tower
1 First Canadian Place Toronto - ON - First Canadian Place.jpg 298 / 978 72 1976 Commercial
  • Tallest building in Canada since 1976
  • 8th tallest building in the world at the time of its completion
  • Tallest building in the world outside Chicago and New York City at the time of its completion
  • Tallest building completed in Toronto in the 1970s
  • Formerly known as First Bank Tower[2][11]
2 Trump International Hotel and Tower Trump tower 2013 complete.JPG 277 / 908 57 2012 Hotel & Residential
  • Tallest mixed-use building in Canada
  • 776 ft (237 m) to roof
3 Scotia Plaza Scotia Plaza 2009.JPG 275 / 902 68 1988 Commercial
  • Tallest building completed in Toronto in the 1980s[12][13]
4 Aura Aura Toronto May.jpg 273 / 896 78 2014 Residential [14][15]
5 TD Canada Trust Tower Toronto - ON - TD Canada Trust Tower2.jpg 261 / 856 53 1990 Commercial
  • Tallest building completed in Toronto in the 1990s[16][17]
6 Commerce Court West Toronto - ON - Commerce Court West.jpg 239 / 784 57 1972 Commercial
7 Ice East 234 / 768 67 2014 Residential [18]
8 Toronto-Dominion Tower TD Centre View from Yonge and King.JPG 223 / 731 56 1967 Commercial
  • Tallest building completed in Toronto in the 1960s[19][20]
9 Bay Adelaide Centre West Tower Bay Adelaide first tower nearing completion - cropped.jpg 218 / 715 51 2009 Commercial
  • Tallest building completed in Toronto in the 2000s
10 Shangri-La Toronto Shangri-la cropped.JPG 214 / 702 65 2012 Hotel & Residential
  • 66 floors including mechanical
11 Ritz-Carlton Toronto Ritz Carlton Toronto far.jpg 208 / 684 53 2011 Hotel & Residential [21]
12 Bay Wellington Tower Bay Wellington Tower.jpg 207 / 679 49 1991 Commercial [22][23]
13 L Tower 205 / 672 62 2014 Residential [24][25]
14 Four Seasons Hotel and Residences West New Four Seasons Yorkville.jpg 204 / 669 52 2011 Hotel & Residential
  • 55 floors including mechanical
15 Ice West 202 / 663 57 2014 Residential [26]
16 Maple Leaf Square North Tower Maple Leaf Square, North Tower.jpg 186 / 610 54 2010 Hotel & Residential [27]
17 U Condos, East Tower 184 / 604 56 2014 Residential [28][29]
18= Royal Trust Tower TD Centre Toronto.jpg 183 / 600 46 1969 Commercial [30][31]
18= RBC Centre RBC Centre.JPG 183 / 600 42 2009 Commercial [32][33]
20 Royal Bank Plaza South Royal Bank Building.jpg 180 / 591 40 1979 Commercial [34][35]
21 One King Street West One King St W, Toronto.jpg 176 / 578 51 2005 Hotel & Residential
  • Tallest completed all-residential skyscraper in Toronto[36]
22 Maple Leaf Square South Tower MLS South Cropped.JPG 174 / 571 50 2010 Residential [37]
23 Hullmark Centre, North Tower 168 / 551 45 2014 [38][39]
24 44 Charles Street West Manulife Centre.jpg 166 / 545 51 1972 Residential
  • 25th-tallest building in Canada[40][41]
25 Quantum 2 Minto Midtown.JPG 165 / 541 54 2009 Residential
  • Tallest building in Toronto outside the downtown area[42]
26 Burano Burano Cropped.JPG 163 / 535 50 2010 Residential [43][44]
27 Success Tower Success Tower I at the Pinnacle Centre.jpg 162 / 531 54 2009 Residential [45]
28 X2 X Condo Cropped.JPG 160 / 525 44 2014 Residential [46]
29 Southcore Financial Centre Delta Hotel Delta Hotel.jpg 160 / 524 47 2014 Hotel [47]
30 The Uptown Residences Uptown, Toronto.jpg 158 / 518 48 2011 Residential [48]
31 Theatre Park 157 / 515 47 2014 Residential [49]
32 Festival Tower Lightbox cropped.JPG 157 / 514 42 2010 Residential [50][51]
33= 300 Front St. West 156 / 512 52 2014 Residential [52]
33= Pinnacle Center 156 / 512 52 2011 Residential
35 Residences of College Park North Residences of College Park.jpg 154 / 507 51 2006 Residential [53][54]
36 U Condos, West Tower 154 / 505 46 2014 Residential [55][56][57]
37 TD Waterhouse Tower TD Waterhouse Tower.JPG 154 / 504 39 1985 Commercial [58][59]
38= Westlake Village 1 153 / 503 48 2014 Residential [60]
38= 35 Mariner 35 Mariner, Harbourview Estates.jpg 153 / 503 49 2005 Residential [61][62]
38= FIVE condos 153 / 503 48 2014 Residential [63]
38= Montage CityPlace Montage.JPG 153 / 503 48 2009 Residential [64]
42= Star Tower 152 / 498 44 2012 Residential
42= Parade 2 Tower 1 152 / 498 44 2010 Residential [65]
44 The 250 The 250.JPG 151 / 494 35 1992 Commercial Atop the Toronto Eaton Centre[66][67]
45= Two Bloor West Two Bloor West, CIBC building.JPG 149 / 488 34 1973 Commercial [68][69]
45= X Condominium X Condo Cropped.JPG 149 / 488 45 2010 Residential [70]
47= West One CityPlace West One.JPG 148 / 486 49 2007 Residential [71][72]
47= Simcoe Place Simcoe Place.JPG 148 / 486 33 1995 Commercial [73][74]
49 Exchange Tower TSXExchangetower.jpg 146 / 479 30 1983 Commercial [75][76]
50 Residences at the RCMI RCMI.jpg 146 / 478 42 2013 Residential [77]
51 Commerce Court North Commerce Court North.JPG 145 / 476 34 1931 Commercial
52 Simpson Tower Simpson Tower.JPG 144 / 472 33 1968 Commercial [80][81]
53= Parade 1 Tower 1 143 / 470 39 2010 Residential
  • This building has topped out[82]
53= SP!RE Spire, Toronto.jpg 143 / 470 43 2007 Residential [83][84]
53= Cinema Tower Condominiums Cinema Condos.jpg 143 / 470 43 2014 Residential [85]
56= One Park Tower 142 / 466 38 2008 Residential
56= Cadillac Fairview Tower Cadillac Fairview Tower.JPG 142 / 466 36 1981 Commercial [86][87]
58 Couture Bloor Walk or corture.JPG 141 / 463 42 2013 Residential [88]
59= Murano South Murano South Cropped.JPG 140 / 459 41 2009 Residential [89]
59= Pantages Tower Pantages Tower.JPG 140 / 459 46 2003 Hotel & Residential [90][91]
59= Residences of College Park South Residences of College Park.jpg 140 / 459 46 2008 Residential [53][54]
59= RBC Waterpark Place 140 / 459 30 2014 Commercial

Tallest buildings and structures by pinnacle height[edit]

This list ranks Toronto skyscrapers and other structures based on their pinnacle height, which includes radio masts and antennas. As architectural features and spires can be regarded as subjective, some skyscraper enthusiasts prefer this method of measurement. Standard architectural height measurement, which excludes antennas in building height, is included for comparative purposes.

Rank Name Pinnacle height
m / ft
Standard height
m / ft
Notes
1 CN Tower 553 / 1,815 457 / 1,499 [10]
2 First Canadian Place 355 / 1,165 298 / 978 [11]
3 Commerce Court West 287 / 942 239 / 784 [92]
4 Trump International Hotel and Tower 277 / 908 277 / 908 [8]
5 Scotia Plaza 275 / 902 275 / 902 [13]
6 TD Canada Trust Tower 263 / 862 227 / 745 [17]
7 Toronto-Dominion Bank Tower 223 / 732 223 / 732 [20]
8 Bay Adelaide Centre 218 / 715 218 / 715
9 Shangri-La Toronto 214 / 702 214 /702
10 Ritz-Carlton Toronto 210 / 688 210 / 688 [21]
11 Bay Wellington Tower 208 / 682 208 / 682 [23]
12 Four Seasons Hotel and Residences 204 / 669 204 / 669
13 Maple Leaf Square 186 / 618 186 / 618
14 Royal Trust Tower 183 / 600 183 / 600 [31]
15 Royal Bank Plaza 180 / 591 180 / 591 [35]

Tallest under construction, approved, and proposed[edit]

Under construction[edit]

The following is a list of buildings that are under construction in Toronto and are planned to rise at least 140 metres (459 ft).

Name Height
m / ft
Floors Year Notes
Number One Bloor 257 / 844 75 2015 New project replacing the cancelled project, One Bloor East[93]
Harbour Plaza Residences West 232 / 764 69 2018
Harbour Plaza Residences East 224 / 735 65 2017
Ten York 224 / 735 65 2017 Joint venture with civic agency Build Toronto at 10 York Street
Massey Tower 207 / 679 60 2016 Construction began in July 2014
88 Scott 204 / 669 58 2017
Bay Adelaide Centre East Tower 196 / 643 45 2016 Second phase of the Bay Adelaide Centre project[94]
Ernst & Young Tower 188 / 617 40 2017
Casa II 187 / 614 57 2016
INDX Tower 179 / 587 51 2016
Karma 170 / 558 52 2015 [95]
Lago at the Waterfront 168 / 550 49 2016
One York Street 163 / 535 35 2016 First phase of the Harbour Plaza project[96]
Bay Adelaide Centre North Tower 162 / 531 49 2018 Third phase of the Bay Adelaide Centre project[97]
Noir Condominiums 157 / 515 49 2016
Pace Condominiums 149 / 487 46 2016
Emerald Park East 142 / 465 39 2015 [98]

Approved[edit]

The following is a list of buildings that are approved in Toronto and are planned to rise at least 140 metres (459 ft).

Name Height
m / ft
Floors Year Notes
50 Bloor Street West 277 / 910 83 2019 Part of the redevelopment of Holt Renfrew's flagship location.
156 Front 265 / 869 54 - This will be the tallest office tower built in Canada since Brookfield Place's completion in 1990.
45 Bay Street Tower I 254 / 833 48 2021 Construction will begin in 2018 after Tower II is completed allowing the GO Bus Terminal to relocate to the base of Tower II.
45 Bay Street Tower II 254 / 833 48 2018 Construction will begin in May 2015.
Union Centre 239 / 783 48
37 Yorkville Tower A 238 / 779 69
Wellesley on the Park 194 / 637 60
481 University Ave 184 / 605 55
37 Yorkville Tower B 182 / 597 55
Casa III 179 / 589 55
21 Avenue South Tower 170 / 558 48 2016 [99]
21 Avenue North Tower 157 / 515 44 2017 [100]
Yonge + Rich 154 / 505 45

Proposed[edit]

The following is a list of buildings that are proposed in Toronto and are planned to rise at least 140 metres (459 ft).[101]

Name Height
m / ft
Floors Year Notes
Oxford Place I 326 / 1070 - - Part of the redevelopment of the Metro Toronto Convention Centre
Oxford Place II 326 / 1070 - - Part of the redevelopment of the Metro Toronto Convention Centre
Mirvish+Gehry - West Tower 304 / 998 92 - If approved, construction will begin in 2017 and will be completed by 2021.
Pinnacle One Yonge 293 / 961 88 - Part of the One Yonge Development on the site of the Toronto Star Building.
Mirvish+Gehry - East Tower 274 / 899 82 - If approved, construction will begin in 2016 and will be completed by 2021.
One Yonge Street Tower 2 267 / 876 80 -
One Yonge Street Tower 3 262 / 860 80 -
Oxford Place West Hotel Tower 255 / 836 N/A 2020
One Yonge Street Tower 4 248 / 814 75 -
43 Simcoe 234 / 769 54 2016
One Yonge Street Tower 5 230 / 755 70 -
Eau de Soleil 63 2017 Tallest building proposed outside downtown core.
460 Yonge 207 / 679 60 2016
Eight Eglinton East 205 / 672 64 2016
16 York 157 / 515 31 [102]
Richmond Adelaide Centre III 40
Signature Tower I 79
Signature Tower II 68

Timeline of tallest buildings[edit]

This lists buildings that once held the title of tallest building in Toronto.

Name Street address Years as tallest Height
m / ft
Floors Reference Image
Beard Building King Street East 1894–1896 30 / 98 7 [3] Lennoxlight.jpg
Temple Building Bay Street 1896–1906 40 / 131 10 [103] Temple Building, Toronto.jpg
Trader's Bank Building Yonge Street 1906–1912 60 / 197 15 [104] Trader's Bank Building Toronto.jpg
Canadian Pacific Building 69 Yonge Street 1912–1915 65 / 213 15 [105] 1910 Canadian Pacific Building Toronto.jpg
Royal Bank Building 20 King Street East 1915–1928 80 / 295 21 [106] King&yonge.jpg
Sterling Tower 372 Bay Street 1928–1929 90 / 313 21 [107] Sterling Tower.JPG
Royal York Hotel 100 Front Street West 1929–1931 124 / 407 28 [108] RoyalYOrk1930s.jpg
Commerce Court North 25 King Street West 1931–1967 145 / 476 34 [78] BankofCommerce1930.jpg
Toronto-Dominion Bank Tower 66 Wellington Street West 1967–1972 223 / 731 56 [19] TD Centre View from Yonge and King.JPG
Commerce Court West 199 Bay Street 1972–1975 239 / 784 57 [109] Commerce Court.jpg
First Canadian Place 100 King Street West 1975–present 298 / 978 72 [2] First Canadian Place.JPG

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The CN Tower is not a habitable building, but is included in this list for comparative purposes. Per a ruling by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, freestanding observation towers are not considered to be buildings, as they are not fully habitable structures.

References[edit]

  • "Architecture in Canada" The Canadian Encyclopedia
  • Kalman, Harold D. A History of Canadian Architecture. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1994.
  • Denby & Kilbourn, Toronto Observed: Its Architecture, Patrons, and History, Oxford University Press, Toronto 1986
  • Maitland, Hucker & Ricketts, A Guide to Canadian Architectural Styles, broadview press, Peterborough, ON 1992
  • McHugh, Patricia, Toronto Architecture: A City Guide, McClelland & Stewart Inc., Toronto 1989
  • Schaugg, Johannes: High-Rise Buildings/ Hochhäuser – Toronto, Books on Demand 2007, ISBN 978-3-8370-0366-6
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  32. ^ "RBC Centre". Emporis. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  33. ^ "RBC Centre". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  34. ^ "Royal Bank Plaza". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  35. ^ a b "Royal Bank Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  36. ^ "One King Street West". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  37. ^ "Maple Leaf Square South Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2010-09-10. 
  38. ^ "Hullmark Centre I". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  39. ^ "Hullmark Centre North Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-11-12. 
  40. ^ "Manulife Centre". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  41. ^ "Manulife Centre". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  42. ^ "Quantum 2, Toronto". Emporis. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  43. ^ "Burano". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-11-12. 
  44. ^ "Burano". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-11-12. 
  45. ^ "Success Tower". Emporis. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  46. ^ "X2". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  47. ^ "Southcore Financial Centre Delta Hotel". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  48. ^ "The Uptown Residences, Toronto". Emporis. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  49. ^ "Theatre Park". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  50. ^ "Festival Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2010-08-28. 
  51. ^ "Festival Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2010-08-28. 
  52. ^ "300 Front St. West". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  53. ^ a b "Residences of College Park". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  54. ^ a b "Residences of College Park". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  55. ^ "U Condos I". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  56. ^ "U Condominiums Tower 1". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  57. ^ "U Condominiums II". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-11-13. 
  58. ^ "TD Waterhouse Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  59. ^ "TD Waterhouse Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  60. ^ "Westlake Village 1". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  61. ^ "Harbourview Estates II". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  62. ^ "Harbourview Estates II". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  63. ^ "FIVE". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  64. ^ "Montage". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  65. ^ "Parade 2 Tower 1". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  66. ^ "The 250". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  67. ^ "The 250". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  68. ^ "Two Bloor West". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  69. ^ "2 Bloor West". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  70. ^ Emporis
  71. ^ "West One". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  72. ^ "West One". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  73. ^ "Simcoe Place". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  74. ^ "Simcoe Place". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  75. ^ "Exchange Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  76. ^ "Exchange Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  77. ^ "Residences at the RCMI". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  78. ^ a b "Commerce Court North". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  79. ^ "Commerce Court North". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  80. ^ "Simpson Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  81. ^ "Simpson Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  82. ^ "Parade 1 Tower 1". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  83. ^ "SP!RE". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  84. ^ "Spire". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  85. ^ "Cinema Tower Condominiums". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  86. ^ "Cadillac Fairview Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  87. ^ "Cadillac Fairview Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  88. ^ "Couture". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  89. ^ "Murano South". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  90. ^ "Pantages Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  91. ^ "Pantages Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  92. ^ "Commerce Court West". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  93. ^ http://www.numberonebloor.com/
  94. ^ "Bay-Adelaide East". Emporis. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  95. ^ "Karma Condos". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  96. ^ "Harbour Plaza Office". Skyscraperpage. Retrieved 2013-01-16. 
  97. ^ "Bay Adelaide North". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  98. ^ "Emerald Park East". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  99. ^ "21 Avenue South Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-05-16. 
  100. ^ "21 Avenue North Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-05-16. 
  101. ^ http://www.skyscrapercenter.com/create.php?search=yes&page=0&type_building=on&status_COM=on&status_UC=on&status_UCT=on&status_PRO=on&status_DEM=on&function_all=on&function_office=on&function_residential=on&function_hotel=on&function_mixed_use=on&function_other=on&list_continent=NA&list_country=CA&list_city=&list_height=&list_company=&completionsthrough=on&list_year=
  102. ^ "16 York". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2009-05-16. 
  103. ^ "Temple Building". Emporis. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  104. ^ "Trader's Bank Building". Emporis. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  105. ^ "Canadian Pacific Railway Building". Emporis. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  106. ^ "Optima Business Centre". Emporis. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  107. ^ "Sterling Tower". Emporis. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  108. ^ "Royal York Hotel". Emporis. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 
  109. ^ "Commerce Court West". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-02-18. 

External links[edit]