List of tallest dams in China

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The tallest dams in China are some of the tallest dams in the world. Nearly 22,000 dams over 15 metres (49 ft) in height – about half the world's total – have been constructed in China since the 1950s. Many of the tallest are located in the southwestern part of the country (Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan) on rivers such as the Mekong, the Yangtze, and its upper stretch (Jinsha River) and tributaries (Yalong, Dadu, Min and Wu). The Yellow River in the western part of the country also hosts several among the tallest. Purposes for these high structures include flood control, irrigation and, predominantly, hydroelectric power. While beneficial, many throughout the country have been criticized for their effects on the environment, displacement of locals and effect on transboundary river flows.[1] Currently, the country's and world's tallest, Jinping-I Dam, an arch dam 305 metres (1,001 ft) high, is located in Sichuan.[2] The tallest embankment dam in China is the 261 m (856 ft) Nuozhadu Dam in Yunnan. The country's highest gravity dam is Longtan Dam at 216.2 m (709 ft), which can be found in Guangxi.[3] At 233 m (764 ft), Shuibuya Dam in Hubei is the world's tallest concrete-face rock-fill dam.[4][5] In Sichuan, the government is constructing the 312 m (1,024 ft) tall Shuangjiangkou Dam which, when complete, will become the world's tallest dam.[6][7]

List[edit]

All Chinese dams over 100 m (330 ft) in height are listed below.

Complete[edit]

A photograph of a grey dam with red structures spaced across the top of it and with hilly terrain in the background all under a blue sky with white clouds
The 7002181000000000000181 m (594 ft) tall Three Gorges Dam
Name Region, province or city Impounds Height Type Complete Notes
Jinping-I Dam Sichuan Yalong River 7002305000000000000305 m (1,001 ft) Arch 2013 [8]
Xiaowan Dam Yunnan Lancang River 7002292000000000000292 m (958 ft) Arch 2010 [9]
Xiluodu Dam Yunnan Jinsha River 7002285500000000000285.5 m (937 ft) Arch 2013 [10]
Nuozhadu Dam Yunnan Lancang River 7002261500000000000261.5 m (858 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 2013 [11]
Laxiwa Dam Qinghai Yellow River 7002250000000000000250 m (820 ft) Arch 2009 [12]
Ertan Dam Sichuan Yalong River 7002240000000000000240 m (790 ft) Arch 1999 [13]
Shuibuya Dam Hubei Qing River 7002233000000000000233 m (764 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2008 [14]
Goupitan Dam Guizhou Wu River 7002232500000000000232.5 m (763 ft) Arch 2009 [15]
Jiangpinghe Dam Hubei Loushui River 7002221000000000000221 m (725 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2012 [4]
Longtan Dam Guangxi Hongshui River 7002216000000000000216 m (709 ft) Gravity 2009 [16]
Guangzhao Dam Yunnan Beipan River 7002200500000000000200.5 m (658 ft) Gravity 2004 [17]
Pubugou Dam Sichuan Dadu River 7002186000000000000186 m (610 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2010 [18]
Sanbanxi Dam Guizhou Yuan (Qingshui) River 7002185500000000000185.5 m (609 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2006 [4]
Three Gorges Dam Hubei Yangtze River 7002181000000000000181 m (594 ft) Gravity 2008 [19]
Hongjiadu Dam Guizhou Liuchong River 7002179500000000000179.5 m (589 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2005 [20]
Longyangxia Dam Qinghai Yellow River 7002178000000000000178 m (584 ft) Arch 1992 [21]
Tianshengqiao-I Dam Guizhou/Guangxi Nanpan River 7002178000000000000178 m (584 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2000 [22]
Danjiangkou Dam Hubei Han River 7002176600000000000176.6 m (579 ft) Gravity 1973 [23]
Guandi Dam Sichuan Yalong River 7002168000000000000168 m (551 ft) Gravity 2012 [24]
Wujiangdu Dam Guizhou Wu River 7002165000000000000165 m (541 ft) Arch-gravity 1979 [25]
Dongfeng Dam Guizhou Wu River 7002162000000000000162 m (531 ft) Arch 1995 [26]
Tankeng Dam Zhejiang Ou River 7002162000000000000162 m (531 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2008 [27]
Jinanqiao Dam Yunnan Jinsha River 7002160000000000000160 m (520 ft) Gravity 2010 [28]
Dongjiang Dam Hunan Lishui River 7002157000000000000157 m (515 ft) Arch 1992 [29]
Geheyan Dam Hubei Qing River 7002157000000000000157 m (515 ft) Arch-gravity 2006 [30]
Jilintai I Dam Xinjiang Kashgar River 7002157000000000000157 m (515 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2005 [31]
Malutang Dam Yunnan Panlong River 7002156000000000000156 m (512 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2009 [4]
Shatuo Dam Guizhou Wu River 7002156000000000000156 m (512 ft) Arch 2009 [32]
Zipingpu Dam Sichuan Min River 7002156000000000000156 m (512 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2006 [33]
Bashan Dam Chongqing Renhe River 7002155000000000000155 m (509 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2009 [4]
Lijiaxia Dam Qinghai Yellow River 7002155000000000000155 m (509 ft) Arch-gravity 1997 [34]
Liyuan Dam Yunnan Jinsha River 7002155000000000000155 m (509 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2012 [35]
Xiaolangdi Dam Henan Yellow River 7002154000000000000154 m (505 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 2000 [36]
Dongjing Dam Guizhou Beipan River 7002150000000000000150 m (490 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2009 [4]
Baishan Dam Jilin Second Songhua River 7002149500000000000149.5 m (490 ft) Arch-gravity 1984 [37]
Liujiaxia Dam Gansu Yellow River 7002147000000000000147 m (482 ft) Gravity 1969 [38]
Maoergai Dam Sichuan Heishui River 7002147000000000000147 m (482 ft) Embankment 2011 [39]
Longshou II Dam Gansu Heihe River 7002146500000000000146.5 m (481 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2004 [4]
Jilebulake Dam Xinjiang Haba River 7002146300000000000146.3 m (480 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 1996 [40]
Jiangkou Dam Chongqing Furong River 7002139000000000000139 m (456 ft) Arch 2003 [41]
Wawushan Dam Sichuan Zhougonghe River 7002138000000000000138 m (453 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2007 [4]
Wuluwati Dam Xinjiang Kalakashi River 7002138000000000000138 m (453 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2001 [4]
Jiudianxia Dam Gansu Tao River 7002136500000000000136.5 m (448 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2008 [4]
Dongping Dam Hubei Zhong River 7002135000000000000135 m (443 ft) Arch 2006 [26]
Longma Dam Yunnan Lixian River 7002135000000000000135 m (443 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2007 [4]
Dahuashui Dam Guizhou Qingshuihe River 7002134500000000000134.5 m (441 ft) Arch 2008 [42]
Shiyazi Dam Guizhou Hongjiadu River 7002134500000000000134.5 m (441 ft) Gravity 2010 [43]
Yingzidu Dam Guizhou Sancha River 7002134500000000000134.5 m (441 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2003 [44]
Baozhusi Dam Sichuan Bailong River 7002132000000000000132 m (433 ft) Gravity 2000 [43]
Gongboxia Dam Qinghai Yellow River 7002132000000000000132 m (433 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2006 [45]
Manwan Dam Yunnan Lancang River 7002132000000000000132 m (433 ft) Gravity 1995 [46]
Jiangya Dam Hunan Loushui River 7002131000000000000131 m (430 ft) Gravity 2000 [47]
Baise Dam Guangxi You River 7002130000000000000130 m (430 ft) Gravity 2006 [47]
Hongkou Dam Fujian Huotong River 7002130000000000000130 m (430 ft) Gravity 2008 [47]
Jinpen Dam Shaanxi Heihe River 7002130000000000000130 m (427 ft) Embankment 2002 [48]
Shapai Dam Sichuan Caopo River 7002130000000000000130 m (430 ft) Arch 2006 [49]
Hunanzhen Dam Zhejiang Qiantang River 7002129000000000000129 m (423 ft) Buttress 1980 [43]
Ankang Dam Shaanxi Han River 7002128000000000000128 m (420 ft) Gravity 1989 [50]
Tengzigou Dam Chongqing Dragon River 7002127000000000000127 m (417 ft) Arch 2006 [26]
Jiemian Dam Fujian Junxi River 7002126000000000000126 m (413 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2007 [51]
Guxian Dam Henan Luohe River 7002125000000000000125 m (410 ft) Gravity 1995 [43]
Yele Dam Sichuan Nanya River 7002124500000000000124.5 m (408 ft) Embankment 2006 [52]
Qiaoqi Dam Sichuan Baoxinghe River 7002123000000000000123 m (404 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 2007 [53]
Suofengying Dam Guizhou Wu River 7002121000000000000121 m (397 ft) Gravity 2006 [47]
Baiyun Dam Hunan Wushui River 7002120000000000000120 m (394 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2006 [54]
Gudongkou Dam Hubei Xiangqi River 7002120000000000000120 m (394 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 1999 [54]
Ludila Dam Yunnan Jinsha River 7002120000000000000120 m (390 ft) Gravity 2013 [55]
Wudu Dam Sichuan Fu River 7002120000000000000120 m (390 ft) Gravity 2008 [56]
Longkaikou Dam Yunnan Jinsha River 7002119000000000000119 m (390 ft) Gravity 2013 [55]
Silin Dam Guizhou Wu River 7002117000000000000117 m (384 ft) Gravity 2008 [57]
Pengshui Dam Chongqing Wu River 7002116500000000000116.5 m (382 ft) Arch 2008 [58]
Shimenkan Dam Yunnan Lixian River 7002116000000000000116 m (381 ft) Arch 2010 [26]
Tingzikou Dam Sichuan Jialing River 7002116000000000000116 m (381 ft) Gravity 2014 [59]
Sinanjiang Dam Yunnan Sinan River 7002115000000000000115 m (377 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2008 [60]
Pankou Dam Hubei Du River 7002114000000000000114 m (374 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2012 [61]
Shitouhe Dam Shaanxi Shitouhe River 7002114000000000000114 m (374 ft) Embankment 1969 [54]
Yunfeng Dam Jilin Yalu River 7002113750000000000113.75 m (373.2 ft) Gravity 1965 [43]
Gelantan Dam Yunnan Lixian River 7002113000000000000113 m (371 ft) Gravity 2008 [62]
Mianhuatan Dam Fujian Ting River 7002113000000000000113 m (371 ft) Gravity 1999 [63]
Tianhuaban Dam Yunnan Niulan River 7002113000000000000113 m (371 ft) Arch 2011 [64]
Fengtan Dam Hunan You River 7002112500000000000112.5 m (369 ft) Arch-gravity 1978 [65]
Dachaoshan Dam Yunnan Lancang River 7002111000000000000111 m (364 ft) Gravity 2003 [66]
Longjiang Dam Yunnan Long River 7002110000000000000110 m (361 ft) Arch 2010 [67]
Yantan Dam Guangdong Hongshui River 7002110000000000000110 m (360 ft) Gravity 1995 [68]
Jinghong Dam Yunnan Lancang River 7002108000000000000108 m (354 ft) Gravity 2008 [69]
Xinanjiang (Qiandao) Dam Zhejiang Qiantang River 7002108000000000000108 m (354 ft) Gravity 1959 [70]
Lower Baoquan Dam Henan Province Yuhe River 7002107500000000000107.5 m (353 ft) Gravity 1994/2011 [71]
Panjiakou Dam Hebei Luan River 7002107500000000000107.5 m (353 ft) Gravity 1984 [43]
Huanglongtan Dam Hubei Du River 7002107000000000000107 m (351 ft) Gravity 1976 [43]
Sanmenxia Dam Henan/Shanxi Yellow River 7002106000000000000106 m (348 ft) Gravity 1960 [72]
Shuifeng (Sup'ung) Dam Liaoning Yalu River 7002106000000000000106 m (348 ft) Gravity 1941 [73]
Madushan Dam Yunnan Honghe (Red) River 7002105500000000000105.5 m (346 ft) Gravity 2011 [74]
Gongguoqiao Dam Yunnan Lancang River 7002105000000000000105 m (344 ft) Gravity 2011 [75]
Wanjiazhai Dam Shaanxi Yellow River 7002105000000000000105 m (344 ft) Gravity 1998 [76]
Xinfengjiang Dam Guangdong Xinfeng River 7002105000000000000105 m (344 ft) Gravity 1962 [54]
Zhexi Dam Hunan Zi Shui River 7002104000000000000104 m (341 ft) Gravity 1962 [54]
Jinshuitan Dam Zhejiang Longquan Creek 7002102000000000000102 m (335 ft) Arch 1988 [29]
Bikou Dam Gansu Bailong River 7002101000000000000101 m (331 ft) Embankment 1977 [77]
Jishixia Dam Qinghai Yellow River 7002101000000000000101 m (331 ft) Gravity 2010 [78]
Lubuge Dam Guizhou\Yunnan Huangni River 7002101000000000000101 m (331 ft) Embankment 1988 [54]
Shuikou Dam Fujian Min River 7002101000000000000101 m (331 ft) Gravity 1996 [79]

Under construction[edit]

The 7002203000000000000203 m (666 ft) tall Huangdeng Dam being constructed
Name Region, province or city Impounds Height Type Completion Notes
Shuangjiangkou Dam Sichuan Dadu River 7002312000000000000312 m (1,024 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 2020 [6]
Lianghekou Dam Sichuan Yalong River 7002295000000000000295 m (968 ft) Arch 2015 [80]
Baihetan Dam Sichuan/Yunnan Jinsha River 7002277000000000000277 m (909 ft) Arch 2019 [81]
Changheba Dam Sichuan Dadu River 7002240000000000000240 m (790 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2016 [82]
Wudongde Dam Sichuan/Yunnan Jinsha River 7002240000000000000240 m (787 ft) Gravity 2018 [83]
Houziyan Dam Guizhou Dadu River 7002223500000000000223.5 m (733 ft) Embankment 2015 [84]
Maerdang Dam Qinghai Yellow River 7002211000000000000211 m (692 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2016 [85]
Dagangshan Dam Sichuan Dadu River 7002210000000000000210 m (690 ft) Arch 2014 [86]
Huangdeng Dam Yunnan Lancang River 7002203000000000000203 m (666 ft) Gravity 2015 [87]
Kajiwa Dam Sichuan Muli River 7002171000000000000171 m (561 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2014 [88]
Quxue Dam Sichuan Shuoqu River 7002164200000000000164.2 m (539 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 2017 [89]
Xiangjiaba Dam Yunnan/Sichuan Jinsha River 7002161000000000000161 m (528 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 2015 [90]
Guanyinyan Dam Yunnan/Sichuan Jinsha River 7002159000000000000159 m (522 ft) Gravity 2015 [91]
Yangqu Dam Qinghai Yellow River 7002150000000000000150 m (492 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2015 [92]
Miaowei Dam Yunnan Lancang River 7002139800000000000139.8 m (459 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 2014 [93]
Wunonglong Dam Yunnan Lancang River 7002137500000000000137.5 m (451 ft) Gravity 2016 [94]
Lizhou Dam Sichuan Muli River 7002132000000000000132 m (433 ft) Arch 2016 [95]
Ahai Dam Yunnan Jinsha River 7002130000000000000130 m (430 ft) Gravity 2015 [96]
Zangmu Dam Tibet Autonomous Region Yarlung Tsangpo (Brahmaputra) River 7002116000000000000116 m (381 ft) Gravity 2015 [97]
Dahuaqiao Dam Yunnan Lancang River 7002106000000000000106 m (348 ft) Gravity 2015 [98]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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