List of tallest freestanding structures in the world

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Scale diagram of some of the world's tallest structures

This is a list of tallest freestanding structures in the world past and present. It does not include supported structures like guyed masts, partially guyed towers and drilling platforms. This list consists mostly of towers, skyscrapers (pinnacle height) and chimneys.[1]

Notes[edit]

  • Structures no longer standing are in italics.
  • For all structures the pinnacle height is given, so the height of skyscrapers may be different from the values at List of tallest buildings in the world.
  • Structures under construction are included in main list if its current height is over 350 metres (1,148 ft).

Freestanding structures (past or present) over 350 metres (1,148 ft)[edit]

Name Pinnacle height Year Structural type Main use Country City Remarks Coordinates
Burj Khalifa 2,722 feet 829.8 m 2010 Skyscraper Office, residential, hotel  United Arab Emirates Dubai Opened 4 January 2010. Tallest structure in the world. 25°11′50.0″N 55°16′26.6″E / 25.197222°N 55.274056°E / 25.197222; 55.274056
Tokyo Skytree 2,080 feet 634 m 2012 Television tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission, restaurant  Japan Tokyo Topped out in 2011. Tallest structure in Japan. 35°42′36.5″N 139°48′39″E / 35.710139°N 139.81083°E / 35.710139; 139.81083
Shanghai Tower 2,073 feet 632 m 2014 Skyscraper Residential, observation  China Shanghai Under construction, topped out in August 2013. Tallest structure in China and second´tallest skyscraper in the world. 31°14′7.8″N 121°30′3.6″E / 31.235500°N 121.501000°E / 31.235500; 121.501000
Abraj Al Bait Towers 1,972 feet 601 m 2011 Skyscraper Hotel, clock tower, shopping mall  Saudi Arabia Mecca Tallest hotel in the world. Tallest clock tower in the world. Largest clock face in the world. 21°25′08″N 39°49′35″E / 21.41889°N 39.82639°E / 21.41889; 39.82639
Canton Tower 1,969 feet 600 m 2010 Television tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  China Guangzhou Topped out in 2009. Second tallest structure in China. 23°06′23.3″N 113°19′28.5″E / 23.106472°N 113.324583°E / 23.106472; 113.324583
CN Tower 1,815.4 feet 553 m 1976 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission, Restaurant  Canada Toronto Tallest freestanding structure in the world 1975–2007.
Tallest freestanding structure in the western hemisphere.
43°38′30.67″N 79°23′14.27″W / 43.6418528°N 79.3872972°W / 43.6418528; -79.3872972
One World Trade Center 1,792 feet 546.2 m 2013 Skyscraper Office, observation, communication  United States New York City Topped out on May 10, 2013. Tallest freestanding structure in the United States. Tallest building in the western hemisphere. 40°42′46.8″N 74°0′48.6″W / 40.713000°N 74.013500°W / 40.713000; -74.013500
Ostankino Tower 1,772 feet 540m m 1967 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Russia Moscow Tallest freestanding structure in the world 1967–1975. Tallest structure in Europe. Renovated after a fire in 2000. 55°49′11″N 37°36′42″E / 55.81972°N 37.61167°E / 55.81972; 37.61167
Willis Tower (formerly Sears Tower) 1,730 feet 527 m 1974 Skyscraper Office, observation, UHF/VHF-transmission, future headquarters for United Airlines.[2]  United States Chicago Tallest building in the world 1974–1998 (by structural height). 41°52′44.1″N 87°38′10.2″W / 41.878917°N 87.636167°W / 41.878917; -87.636167
World Trade Center 1,727 feet 526.8 m 1973 Skyscraper Office, observation  United States New York City Destroyed on 11 September 2001. Tallest freestanding structure that no longer exists. Tallest building in the world 1972 – 1974
Taipei 101 1,671 feet 509.2 m 2004 Skyscraper Office, observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Taiwan Taipei Tallest skyscraper in the world 2004–2010, first skyscraper to exceed 500 m/1,640 ft in structural height. 25°02′01″N 121°33′52″E / 25.03361°N 121.56444°E / 25.03361; 121.56444
Shanghai World Financial Center 1,617 feet 494 m 2008 Skyscraper Observation, office, hotels, residential  China Shanghai Tallest building in China 2007-2009 31°14′12″N 121°30′10″E / 31.23667°N 121.50278°E / 31.23667; 121.50278
International Commerce Centre 1,590 feet 484 m 2010 Skyscraper Office, observation  Hong Kong Hong Kong Tallest building in Hong Kong 22°18′12″N 114°9′37″E / 22.30333°N 114.16028°E / 22.30333; 114.16028
Oriental Pearl Tower 1,535 feet 467.9 m 1994 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  China Shanghai Tallest structure in China (including Hong Kong), 1994–2007. 31°14′30″N 121°29′42″E / 31.24167°N 121.49500°E / 31.24167; 121.49500
John Hancock Center 1,500 feet 457.2 m 1969 Skyscraper Office, residential, UHF/VHF-transmission  United States Chicago World's tallest mixed-use building 1969–2008 41°53′55.68″N 87°37′22.8″W / 41.8988000°N 87.623000°W / 41.8988000; -87.623000
Petronas Tower 1 1,483 feet 452 m 1998 Skyscraper Office, observation  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Tallest twin towers in the world. Tallest building in the world 1998–2004. 3°09′28.26″N 101°42′41.94″E / 3.1578500°N 101.7116500°E / 3.1578500; 101.7116500
Petronas Tower 2 1,483 feet 452 m 1998 Skyscraper Office, observation  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 3°09′28.26″N 101°42′41.94″E / 3.1578500°N 101.7116500°E / 3.1578500; 101.7116500
Greenland Square Zifeng Tower 1,476 feet 450 m 2009 Skyscraper Mixed-use  China Nanjing Topped-out in 2008, completed 2010 32°03′44.9″N 118°46′41″E / 32.062472°N 118.77806°E / 32.062472; 118.77806
Empire State Building 1,474 feet 449 m 1931 Skyscraper Office, observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  United States New York City Tallest freestanding structure 1931–1967.
Tallest skyscraper 1931–1973.
First Skyscraper with 100+ stories
40°44′54.0″N 73°59′09″W / 40.748333°N 73.98583°W / 40.748333; -73.98583
KK100 1,449 feet 441.8 m 2011 Skyscraper Mixed Use  China Shenzhen 22°32′47.58″N 114°6′6.63″E / 22.5465500°N 114.1018417°E / 22.5465500; 114.1018417
Guangzhou West Tower 1,444 feet 440 m 2009 Skyscraper Mixed use  China Guangzhou Opening in 2010 23°07′13″N 113°19′05″E / 23.12028°N 113.31806°E / 23.12028; 113.31806
Milad Tower 1,427 feet 435 m 2003 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Iran Tehran 35°44′40″N 51°22′30″E / 35.74444°N 51.37500°E / 35.74444; 51.37500
Trump International Hotel and Tower 1,389 feet 423.4 m 2009 Skyscraper Hotel, condominium  United States Chicago 41°53′20″N 87°37′36″W / 41.88889°N 87.62667°W / 41.88889; -87.62667
Jin Mao Tower 1,383 feet 421.5 m 1998 Skyscraper Hotel, office, observation  China Shanghai Tallest skyscraper in China, 1998–2007. 31°14′14″N 121°30′05″E / 31.23722°N 121.50139°E / 31.23722; 121.50139
Kuala Lumpur Tower 1,381 feet 421 m 1995 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 03°09′10″N 101°42′12″E / 3.15278°N 101.70333°E / 3.15278; 101.70333
GRES-2 Power Station Chimney 1,347 feet 419.7 m 1987 Chimney Power station  Kazakhstan Ekibastusz Tallest chimney in the world 52°01′20″N 75°28′42″E / 52.02222°N 75.47833°E / 52.02222; 75.47833
Two World Trade Center 1,362 feet 415.3 m 1973 Skyscraper Office, observation  United States New York City Destroyed on 11 September 2001
Tianjin Radio and Television Tower 1,362 feet 415.2 m 1991 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  China Tianjin 39°05′31″N 117°10′30″E / 39.09194°N 117.17500°E / 39.09194; 117.17500
Two International Finance Centre 1,353 feet 412.5 m 2003 Skyscraper Office  Hong Kong Hong Kong 22°17′06″N 114°09′33″E / 22.28500°N 114.15917°E / 22.28500; 114.15917
Central Radio and TV Tower 1,329 feet 405 m 1992 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  China Beijing 39°55′05″N 116°18′01″E / 39.91806°N 116.30028°E / 39.91806; 116.30028
CITIC Plaza 1,283 feet 391.1 m 1997 Skyscraper Office  China Guangzhou 23°08′40″N 113°19′10″E / 23.14444°N 113.31944°E / 23.14444; 113.31944
Zhongyuan Tower 1,273 feet 388 m 2010 Concrete/Steel Tower UHF/VHF-transmission  China Zhengzhou 34°43′29″N 113°43′22″E / 34.72472°N 113.72278°E / 34.72472; 113.72278
Kiev TV Tower 1,263 feet 385 m 1973 Lattice tower UHF/VHF-transmission  Ukraine Kiev Tallest lattice tower in the world 50°28′16″N 30°27′12″E / 50.47111°N 30.45333°E / 50.47111; 30.45333
Shun Hing Square 1,259 feet 384 m 1996 Skyscraper Office  China Shenzhen 22°32′43″N 114°06′21″E / 22.54528°N 114.10583°E / 22.54528; 114.10583
Inco Superstack 1,254 feet 380 m 1971 Chimney Nickel smelter  Canada Sudbury 46°28′48.23″N 81°03′23.43″W / 46.4800639°N 81.0565083°W / 46.4800639; -81.0565083
Tuntex Sky Tower 1,240 feet 378 m 1997 Skyscraper Hotel, office, observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Taiwan Kaohsiung 22°36′42″N 120°18′0″E / 22.61167°N 120.30000°E / 22.61167; 120.30000
Emirates Park Towers 1,233 feet 376 m 2010 Skyscraper Residential  United Arab Emirates Dubai
Tashkent Tower 1,230 feet 374.9 m 1984 Tower UHF/VHF-transmission, observation  Uzbekistan Tashkent 41°20′44.05″N 69°17′4.57″E / 41.3455694°N 69.2846028°E / 41.3455694; 69.2846028
Central Plaza 1,227 feet 374 m 1992 Skyscraper Office  Hong Kong Hong Kong 22°16′48″N 114°10′25″E / 22.28000°N 114.17361°E / 22.28000; 114.17361
Liberation Tower 1,220 feet 372 m 1993 Concrete tower UHF/VHF-transmission, observation  Kuwait Kuwait City 29°22′05.8″N 47°58′29.83″E / 29.368278°N 47.9749528°E / 29.368278; 47.9749528
Almaty Tower 1,219 feet 371.5 m 1983 Tower UHF/VHF-transmission  Kazakhstan Alma-Ata Tallest free-standing tubular steel structure 43°13′44″N 76°58′34″E / 43.22889°N 76.97611°E / 43.22889; 76.97611
Chimney of Homer City Generating Station 1,217 feet 371 m 1977 Chimney Power station  United States Homer City, Pennsylvania 40°30′39″N 79°11′37″W / 40.51083°N 79.19361°W / 40.51083; -79.19361
Kennecott Smokestack 1,215 feet 370.4 m 1974 Chimney Copper smelter  United States Magna, Utah 40°43′18″N 112°11′52″W / 40.72167°N 112.19778°W / 40.72167; -112.19778
Chimney of Beryozovskaya GRES 1,214 feet 370 m 1985 Chimney Power station  Russia Sharypovo, Krasnoyarsk Krai 55°34′46″N 89°04′21″E / 55.57944°N 89.07250°E / 55.57944; 89.07250
Riga Radio and TV Tower 1,209 feet 368.5 m 1987 Steel tower UHF/VHF-transmission, observation  Latvia Riga Tallest structure in the European Union 56°55′26″N 24°08′14″E / 56.92389°N 24.13722°E / 56.92389; 24.13722
Berliner Fernsehturm 1,207 feet 368 m 1969 Concrete tower UHF/VHF-transmission, observation  Germany Berlin Tallest structure in Germany 52°31′15″N 13°24′34″E / 52.52083°N 13.40944°E / 52.52083; 13.40944
Chimney of Mitchell Power Plant 1,206 feet 367.6 m 1968 Chimney Power station  United States Moundsville, West Virginia 39°54′32.16″N 80°45′41.53″W / 39.9089333°N 80.7615361°W / 39.9089333; -80.7615361
Bank of China Tower 1,205 feet 367.4 m 1990 Skyscraper Office  Hong Kong Hong Kong First skyscraper outside the United States to exceed 1,000 ft (305 metres) in height 22°16′45″N 114°09′41″E / 22.27917°N 114.16139°E / 22.27917; 114.16139
Bank of America Tower (New York City) 1,200 feet 366 m 2009 Skyscraper Office  United States New York City 40°45′19″N 73°59′03″W / 40.75528°N 73.98417°W / 40.75528; -73.98417
Trbovlje Chimney 1,183 feet 360 m 1976 Chimney Power station  Slovenia Trbovlje Tallest chimney in Europe 46°07′33.37″N 15°03′43.23″E / 46.1259361°N 15.0620083°E / 46.1259361; 15.0620083
Almas Tower 1,181 feet 360 m 2008 Skyscraper Office  United Arab Emirates Dubai 25°4′8.25″N 55°8′28.34″E / 25.0689583°N 55.1412056°E / 25.0689583; 55.1412056
The Pinnacle 1,181 feet 360 m 2011 Skyscraper Mixed Use  China Guangzhou
Endesa Termic 1,168 feet 356 m 1974 Chimney Power station  Spain As Pontes, Galicia 43°26′29″N 7°51′45.50″W / 43.44139°N 7.8626389°W / 43.44139; -7.8626389
SEG Plaza 1,167 feet 355.8 m 2000 Skyscraper Office  China Shenzhen 22°32′39.5″N 114°04′57.5″E / 22.544306°N 114.082639°E / 22.544306; 114.082639
First Canadian Place 1,165 feet 355 m 1975 Skyscraper Office, UHF/VHF-transmission  Canada Toronto Tallest skyscraper in Canada 43°38′55″N 79°22′54″W / 43.64861°N 79.38167°W / 43.64861; -79.38167
Emirates Office Tower 1,163 feet 354.6 m 2000 Skyscraper Office  United Arab Emirates Dubai 25°07′49″N 55°09′57″E / 25.13028°N 55.16583°E / 25.13028; 55.16583
Chimney of Phoenix Copper Smelter 1,153 feet 351.5 m 1995 Chimney Copper smelter  Romania Baia Mare Tallest structure in Romania
Stratosphere Tower 1,149 feet 350.2 m 1996 Concrete tower Observation, ride  United States Las Vegas Tallest Observation Tower in the United States 36°08′50.59″N 115°9′19.4″W / 36.1473861°N 115.155389°W / 36.1473861; -115.155389
Chimney of Syrdarya Power Plant 1,148 feet 350 m 1975 Chimney Power station  Uzbekistan Shirin

Other freestanding structures (past or present): between 300 metres (984 ft) and 350 metres (1,148 ft)[edit]

Name Pinnacle height Year Structural type Main use Country Town Remarks
Condé Nast Building 1,140 ft 348 m 2000 Skyscraper  United States New York City
Yangtze River Crossing 1,138 ft 347 m 2003 Lattice tower Electricity pylon  China Jiangyin Tallest electricity pylon in the world, second tallest lattice tower in the world (only Kiev TV Tower is taller)
Aon Center 1,136 ft 346 m 1973 Skyscraper  United States Chicago
The Center 1,135 ft 346 m 1998 Skyscraper  Hong Kong Hong Kong
Chimney of Teruel Power Plant 1,125 ft 343 m 1981 Chimney Power station  Spain Teruel
Chimney of Plomin Power Station 1,115 ft 340 m  ? Chimney Power station  Croatia Plomin
Mercury City Tower 1,112 ft 338.8 m 2012 Skyscraper  Russia Moscow Tallest building in Europe
West Pearl Tower 1,109 ft 338 m 2004 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  China Chengdu
Macau Tower 1,109 ft 338 m 2001 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Macau, China Macau
Europaturm 1,107 ft 337.5 m 1979 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Germany Frankfurt/Main
Chimney of Mountaineer Power Plant 1,102 ft 336 m 1980 Chimney Power station  United States New Haven, West Virginia
Dragon Tower 1,102 ft 336 m 2000 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  China Harbin
Chimney of Moldavskaya GRES-5 1,099 ft 335 m 1980 Chimney Power Plant  Republic of Moldova Nezavertailovca[3]
Rose Tower 1,093 ft 333 m 2007 Skyscraper  United Arab Emirates Dubai
Shimao International Plaza 1,093 ft 333 m 2006 Skyscraper  China Shanghai
Tokyo Tower 1,091 ft 332.6 m 1958 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Japan Tokyo Second tallest structure in Japan.
Minsheng Bank Building 1,087 ft 331 m 2007 Skyscraper  China Wuhan
Emley Moor TV Tower 1,084 ft 330.4 m 1970 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  United Kingdom Huddersfield, Yorkshire
Ryugyong Hotel 1,083 ft 330 m 1992 Skyscraper  North Korea Pyongyang Construction restarted estimated completion 2012
Chimney of Ekibastuz GRES-1 1,083 ft 330 m 1982 Chimney Power station  Kazakhstan Ekibastuz[4]
2 Сhimneys of Permskaya GRES 1,083 ft 330 m 1987/1990 Chimney Power station  Russia Dobryanka
2 Сhimneys of Reftinskaya GRES 1,083 ft 330 m 1980 Chimney Power station  Russia Reftinskiy
Chimney of Kharkiv TEC-5 1,083 ft 330 m 1981 Chimney Power station  Ukraine Podvorky, Kharkiv Oblast
Chimney of Zuevska thermal power station 1,083 ft 330 m 1982 Chimney Power station  Ukraine Zuhres, Donetsk Oblast[4]
WITI TV Tower 1,078 ft 329 m 1962 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  United States Shorewood (Milwaukee), Wisconsin
Baiyoke Tower II 1,076 ft 328 m 1997 Skyscraper  Thailand Bangkok
Sky Tower 1,076 ft 328 m 1997 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  New Zealand Auckland Tallest freestanding structure in the Southern Hemisphere
WSB TV Tower 1,075 ft 327.6 m 1957 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  United States Atlanta
Vilnius TV Tower 1,073 ft 327 m 1980 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Lithuania Vilnius
Chimney of Maritza East Power Station 1,066 ft 325 m 1977/1980 Chimney Power station  Bulgaria Stara Zagora
Eiffel Tower 1,062 ft 325 m 1889 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  France Paris Tallest structure in the world from 1889–1930, First structure to exceed 300 metres in height.
WHDH-TV Tower 1,066 ft 323.8 m 1994 Lattice tower UHF/VHF-transmission  United States Newton, Massachusetts
Rameswaram TV Tower 1,059.7 ft 323 m 1995 Concrete & Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  India TamilNadu
Q1 1,058 ft 323 m 2005 Skyscraper  Australia Gold Coast Tallest residential skyscraper in the world. Tallest building in Australia.
Burj Al Arab 1,053 ft 321 m 1999 Skyscraper  United Arab Emirates Dubai
2 Сhimneys of Kirishskaya GRES 1,050 ft 320 m 1984/1986 Chimney Power station  Russia Kirishi[4]
Chimney of Ryazanskaya GRES 1,050 ft 320 m 1973 Chimney Power station  Russia Novomichurinsk
2 Сhimneys of Tobolsk TEC 1,050 ft 320 m 1983 Chimney Power station  Russia Tobolsk
Chimney of Kostromskaya GRES 1,050 ft 320 m 1980 Chimney Power station  Russia Volgorechensk
Chimney of Zaporozhskaya GRES 1,050 ft 320 m 1972 Chimney Power station  Ukraine Enerhodar
Chimney of Vuhlehirska thermal power plant 1,050 ft 320 m 197? Chimney Power station  Ukraine Solncedar
Chrysler Building 1,046 ft 319 m 1930 Skyscraper  United States New York City Tallest structure in the world 1930–1931
Nina Tower I 1,046 ft 319 m 2006 Skyscraper  Hong Kong Hong Kong
New York Times Building 1,046 ft 319 m 2007 Skyscraper  United States New York City
Jiangsu Nanjing TV Tower 1,045 ft 318.5 m 1996 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  China Nanjing
Aspire Tower 1,043 ft 318 m 2007 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Qatar Doha
KCTV-Tower 1,042 ft 317.6 m 1956 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  United States Kansas City
Chimney of Rockport Power Plant 1,038 ft 316.4 m 1984 Chimney Power station  United States Rockport, Indiana
Atlanta Turner Broadcasting Tower 1,031 ft 314.3 m 1980 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  United States Atlanta, Georgia
Tallinn TV Tower 1,025 ft 312.3 m 1980 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Estonia Tallinn
Bank of America Plaza 1,023 ft 312 m 1992 Skyscraper  United States Atlanta
TV Tower Yerevan 1,023 ft 311.7 m 1977 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Armenia Yerevan
Tortoise Mountain TV Tower 1,022 ft 311.4 m 1986 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  China Wuhan
St. Petersburg TV Tower 1,021 ft 311.2 m 1962 Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Russia St. Petersburg
U.S. Bank Tower (Los Angeles) 1,018 ft 311 m 1990 Skyscraper  United States Los Angeles Tallest skyscraper in North America located west of the Mississippi River.
Menara Telekom 1,017 ft 310 m 2001 Skyscraper  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur
Azeri TV Tower 1,017 ft 310 m 1996 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Azerbaijan Baku
Chimney of Ugljevik Power Plant 1,017 ft 310 m 1985 Chimney Power station  Bosnia and Herzegovina Ugljevik
The Shard 1,016 ft 309.6 m 2012 Skyscraper  United Kingdom London
Kingdom Centre 1,015 ft 309 m 2002 Skyscraper  Saudi Arabia Riyadh
Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotel 1,014 ft 309 m 2000 Skyscraper  United Arab Emirates Dubai
Sydney Tower 1,014 ft 309 m 1981 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Australia Sydney
Eurasia 1,013 ft 308.9 m 2013 Skyscraper  Russia Moscow
AT&T Corporate Center 1,007 ft 307 m 1989 Skyscraper  United States Chicago
Chimney of Buschhaus Power Station 1,007 ft 307 m 1984 Chimney Power station  Germany Helmstedt, Lower Saxony
Liaoning Broadcast and TV Tower 1,002 ft 305.5 m 1989 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  China Shenyang
JPMorgan Chase Tower 1,002 ft 305 m 1982 Skyscraper  United States Houston Tallest five-sided skyscraper in the world.
Chimney of Harrison Power Station Scrubber 1,001 ft 305 m 1994 Chimney Power station  United States Haywood, West Virginia
Chimney of Robert W Scherer Power Plant 1,001 ft 305 m 1983/1985 Chimney Power station  United States Macon, Georgia
Chimney of Independence Power Plant 1,001 ft 305 m 1983 Chimney Power station  United States Newark, Arkansas
Chimney of Kyger Creek Power Plant 1,001 ft 305 m 1980 Chimney Power station  United States Gallipolis, Ohio
Chimney of White Bluff Power Plant 1,001 ft 305 m 1980 Chimney Power station  United States Pine Bluff, Arkansas
Chimney of Harllee Branch Power Plant 1,001 ft 305 m 1978 Chimney Power station  United States Milledgeville, Georgia
Chimney of Widows Creek Power Plant 1,001 ft 305 m 1977 Chimney Power station  United States Stevenson, Alabama
Chimney of Hal B. Wansley Power Plant 1,001 ft 305 m 1976 Chimney Power station  United States Carrollton, Georgia
Chimney of Kingston Power Plant 1,001 ft 305 m 1976 Chimney Power station  United States Kingston, Tennessee
Chimney of Harrison Power Station 1,001 ft 305 m 1972/1973 Chimney Power station  United States Haywood, West Virginia
Chimney of Cumberland Power Plant 1,001 ft 305 m 1970 Chimney Power station  United States Cumberland City, Tennessee
Chimney of W. H. Sammis Power Plant, Unit 7 1,001 ft 305 m 1970 Chimney Power station  United States Stratton, Ohio
Chimney of Conemaugh Generating Station 1,001 ft 305 m 1970 Chimney Power station  United States Seward, Pennsylvania
Fazilka TV Tower 1,000 ft 304.8 m 2007 Lattice tower FM-/TV-broadcasting  India Fazilka
Chimney of Hayden Smelter 1,001 ft 305 m  ? Chimney Power station  United States Hayden, Arizona
Chimney of Plant Bowen Coal 1,001 ft 305 m 1975 Chimney Power station  United States Taylorsville, Georgia
Chimney of Chvaletice Power Station 1,001 ft 305 m 1977 Chimney Power station  Czech Republic Chvaletice
Chimney of Pleasants Power Plant 1,000 ft 304.8 m 1980 Chimney Power station  United States Belmont, West Virginia
Two Prudential Plaza 995 ft 303 m 1990 Skyscraper  United States Chicago
Wells Fargo Plaza 992 ft 302 m 1983 Skyscraper  United States Houston
Chimney of Power Plant Scholven 991 ft 302 m  ? Chimney Power station  Germany Gelsenkirchen
Chimney of Power Plant Chemnitz 990 ft 301.8 m 1984 Chimney Power station  Germany Chemnitz
Chimney of SASOL III Synthetic Fuel Production Plant 988 ft 301 m 1979 Chimney Synthetic fuel plant  South Africa Secunda Tallest freestanding structure in Africa
Commerzbank Tower 984 ft 300.1 m 1997 Skyscraper  Germany Frankfurt/Main Tallest skyscraper in Europe, 1997–2005
Eureka Tower 984 ft 300 m 2006 Skyscraper Residential  Australia Melbourne
Mumbai Television Tower 984 ft 300 m  ? Lattice tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  India Mumbai
Chimney of Volzhskaya TEC-2 984 ft 300 m 1988 Chimney  Russia Volzhsky
Thermal power station Kakanj 984 ft 300 m 1987 Chimney  Bosnia and Herzegovina Čatići
Chimney of Prunéřov Power Station 984 ft 300 m 1981 Chimney Power station  Czech Republic Prunéřov
Chimney of Tušimice Power Station 984 ft 300 m 1974 Chimney Power station  Czech Republic Tušimice
Chimney of Lippendorf Power Station 984 ft 300 m 1967 Chimney Power station  Germany Lippendorf, Saxony Demolished in 2005
3 Chimneys of Power Plant Jänschwalde 984 ft 300 m 1981 Chimney Power station  Germany Jänschwalde Demolished in 2002-2007
Chimney of Power Station Westerholt 984 ft 300 m 1981 Chimney Power station  Germany Gelsenkirchen, North Rhine-Westphalia Demolished on 3 December 2006 by explosives. Tallest free-standing structure ever demolished by explosives in a controlled manner
Chimney of Walsum Power Station 984 ft 300 m 1988 Chimney Power station  Germany Walsum, North Rhine-Westphalia
Chimney of Herne Power Station 984 ft 300 m 1989 Chimney Power station  Germany Herne, North Rhine-Westphalia
Chimney of Thierbach Power Station 984 ft 300 m  ? Chimney Power station  Germany Espenhain, Saxony Demolished
Chimneys of Boxberg Power Station 984 ft 300 m  ? Chimney Power station  Germany Boxberg, Saxony Demolished in 2000-2012
Chimney of Marl-Chemiepark Power Station 984 ft 300 m  ? Chimney Power station  Germany Marl, North Rhine-Westphalia Demolished in 1995
Chimney of Provence Power Station 984 ft 300 m 1984 Chimney Power station  France Gardanne
Chimney of Orot Rabin 984 ft 300 m 1981 Chimney Power station  Israel Hadera
Chimney of Bishkek TEC 984 ft 300 m 1989 Chimney Power station  Kyrgyzstan Bishkek
Chimney of Rybnik Power Station 984 ft 300 m 1974 Chimney Power station  Poland Rybnik
Chimney of Jaworzno Power Station 984 ft 300 m 1977 Chimney Power station  Poland Jaworzno
Chimney of Bełchatów Power Station 984 ft 300 m  ? Chimney Power station  Poland Bełchatów
Chimney of Kozienice Power Station 984 ft 300 m 1978 Chimney Power station  Poland Kozienice
Chimney of Warszawa-Kawęczyn Power Station 984 ft 300 m 1983 Chimney Power station  Poland Warsaw
Chimney of Novaky Power Plant 984 ft 300 m 1976 Chimney Power station  Slovakia Nováky
Chimney of Duvha Power Station 984 ft 300 m 1982 Chimney Power station  South Africa Witbank
Chimney of Clifty Creek Power Plant 984 ft 300 m 1978 Chimney Power station  United States Madison, Indiana
BRTN Toren 984 ft 300 m 1996 Concrete tower Observation, UHF/VHF-transmission  Belgium Sint-Pieters-Leeuw

Timeline of world's tallest freestanding structures[edit]

Name Country Town Height
metres / ft
Structural type Held record Notes
Great Pyramid of Giza Egypt Giza 146 / 480 Mausoleum 2570 BC–1311 Due to erosion today it stands at the height of 138.8 metres (455 ft).
Lincoln Cathedral England Lincoln 159.7 / 524 Church 1311–1549 Spire collapsed in 1549; today, stands at a height of 83 metres (272 ft).
St. Mary's Church Germany Stralsund 151 / 500 Church 1549–1647 Spire destroyed by lightning in 1647; today stands at a height of 104 metres (341 ft).
Strasbourg Cathedral Germany and/or France (today France) Strasbourg 142 / 470 Church 1647–1874
St Nikolai Germany Hamburg 147.3 / 483 Church 1874–1876 Due to aerial bombing in World War II the nave was demolished; only the spire remains.
Notre-Dame Cathedral France Rouen 151 / 500 Church 1876–1880
Cologne Cathedral Germany Cologne 157.4 / 516 Church 1880–1884
Washington Monument United States Washington, D.C. 169.3 / 555 Monument 1884–1889
Eiffel Tower France Paris 300.6 / 986 Tower 1889–1930 Currently stands at a height of 324 metres (1,063 ft).
Chrysler Building United States New York City 319 / 1,046 Skyscraper 1930–1931
Empire State Building United States New York City 448 / 1,472 Skyscraper 1931–1967
Ostankino Tower Russia Moscow 540 / 1,772 Tower 1967–1976
CN Tower Canada Toronto 553 / 1,815 Tower 1976–2007
Burj Khalifa United Arab Emirates Dubai 829.8 / 2,722 Skyscraper 2007–present Topped-out on 17 January 2009

See also[edit]

References[edit]