List of tallest lighthouses in the world

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of the tallest lighthouses in the world.

The list is based on the list of tallest lighthouses from The Lighthouse Directory.[1] As such, it includes "traditional lighthouses", i.e. buildings built by navigation safety authorities primarily as an aid to navigation. Some structures of interest that carry navigational lights, but were not mentioned in The Lighthouse Directory since they were not built primarily as lighthouses, are also listed, marked with "*".

Information regarding construction, year, and notes is from the list of tallest lighthouses at The Lighthouse Directory.[1] Sources are given for all other information.

Heights are from the United States Coast Guard Light List for the United States[2] and from NGA List of Lights for the rest of the world,[3] unless a better source exists. Where several lighthouses share the same height they share the same position, and are all marked with "=".

Order Name Construction Image Height Steps Location Country Year Remarks
* Jeddah Light[4] Concrete and steel Jeddah Light cropped.jpg 436 feet (133 m)   Jeddah  Saudi Arabia 1990 "has a credible claim to be the world's tallest lighthouse"
* Perry Memorial Monument[5] granite Perrys victory and peace memorial.png 352 feet (107 m)[6]   Put-in-Bay, Ohio  United States 1915 Tallest in North America
* Yokohama Marine Tower[7] Steel skeletal Yokohama Marine Tower-02.jpg 332 feet (101 m)[8]   Yokohama  Japan 1961 Tallest in Japan
1 Île Vierge Lighthouse Stone (granite) Ile Vierge.jpg 82.5 metres (271 ft)[9][10] 397[9]
400[11]
Finistère  France 1902 Tallest traditional
2 Lighthouse of Genoa Stone Italy-Genova-lighthouse.jpg 249 feet (76 m)[12]
77 metres (253 ft)[13]
365[13] Genoa  Italy 1543 Tallest in the Mediterranean
3 Phare de Gatteville Stone (granite) Phare-de-Gatteville.jpg 247 feet (75 m)[14] 365[15] Gatteville-le-Phare  France 1835
4 Lesnoy Mole Rear Range Light Metal Lesnoy Mole Range Rear lighthouse.jpg 239 feet (73 m)[16]   Saint Petersburg  Russia   Tallest in Russia, tallest range light
5 Mulantou Lighthouse Concrete Mulan Tou Lighthouse 2004 1.jpg 237 feet (72 m)[17]   Hainan  China 1995 Tallest in China
6 Baishamen Lighthouse Concrete Baisha Men Lighthouse.jpg 236 feet (72 m)[17]   Hainan  China 2000+
7 Storozhenskiy Light Stone Storozhno lighthouse.JPG 233 feet (71 m)[18]   Lake Ladoga  Russia 1911
7 Osinovetsky Light Stone Osinovetskiy Lighthouse.jpg 233 feet (71 m)[18]   Lake Ladoga  Russia 1910?
7 Punta Penna Lighthouse Concrete Il Faro.jpg 233 feet (71 m)[19] 307[20] Abruzzo  Italy 1906
8 Vittoria Light Stone Trieste - Faro della Vittoria 006.jpg 223 feet (68 m)[21] 285[22] Trieste  Italy 1927
8 Cordouan lighthouse Stone Cordouan.jpg 223 feet (68 m)[23] 311[24] Gironde  France 1611
9 Recalada a Bahía Blanca Light Cast iron skeletal Faro Recalada.jpg 220 feet (67 m)[25] 311[26] Monte Hermoso  Argentina 1906 Tallest in the Southern Hemisphere
10 Planier Light Stone Phare planier.jpg 216 feet (66 m)[27]   Marseille  France 1959
10 Maasvlakte Light Concrete Vuurtoren Maasvlakte.JPG 216 feet (66 m)[1] 295[28] Maasvlakte  Netherlands 1974 Tallest in the Netherlands, inactive
11 Campen Lighthouse Steel skeletal Lighthouse Campen.jpg 213 feet (65 m)[29]   Ems (river)  Germany 1891 Tallest in Germany
11 Lange Nelle Lighthouse concrete Lighthouse Oostende.jpeg 65 metres (213 ft)   Port of Ostend  Belgium 1947
11 Miķeļbāka Stone Miķeļbāka.JPG 213 feet (65 m) 293 Miķeļtornis  Latvia 1884/1957 Tallest lighthouse in Latvia and Baltic states. Due to structural problems and cracking it was blown up and rebuilt in 1957.
11 Phare d'Eckmühl granite Eckmühl2.jpg 213 feet (65 m)[30] 307[31] Penmarc'h  France 1897
12 Świnoujście Lighthouse Brick Latarnia Morska w Świnoujściu-01.jpg 212 feet (65 m)[32] 300[33] Świnoujście  Poland 1857 Tallest brick lighthouse, tallest in Poland
13 Adziogol Lighthouse Steel Adziogol hyperboloid Lighthouse by Vladimir Shukhov 1911.jpg 211 feet (64 m)[34]   Kherson  Ukraine 1911 Tallest in Ukraine
14 Cape Hatteras Light Brick Cape hatteras lighthouse img 0529.jpg 210 feet (64 m)[35] 268[36] Hatteras Island, NC  United States 1870
15 Chipiona Light Stone Chipiona faro 02.jpg 205 feet (62 m)[37]   Chipiona  Spain 1867 Tallest in Spain
16 Bari Light Stone Bari Light 2009.jpg 205 feet (62 m)[38]   Bari  Italy 1869
17 Aveiro Light Stone Farol da Barra-Aveiro.JPG 203 feet (62 m)[39] 291[40] Aveiro  Portugal 1893 Tallest in Portugal
17 Calcanhar Lighthouse Reinforced concrete Calcanhar Lighthouse.jpg 203 feet (62 m)[41] 277 [42] Touros  Brazil 1912 Tallest in Brazil
17 El Rincón Light Concrete Faro El Rincón-2.jpg 203 feet (62 m)[43]   Near Verde Peninsula, Buenos Aires  Argentina 1925
18 Voslapp Range Rear Light Concrete Leuchtturm Geniusstrand.jpg 202 feet (62 m)[44]   Wilhelmshaven  Germany 1962
19 Roches-Douvres Light Stone Roches Douvres-2.jpg 197 feet (60 m)[45]   Côtes-d'Armor  France 1954
19 Borkum Großer Light Brick Neuer Leuchtturm Borkum.jpg 197 feet (60 m)[46]   Borkum  Germany 1879
19 Nosy Alañaña Light Concrete Phare de l'Ile aux Prunes.jpg 197 feet (60 m)[47]   Toamasina  Madagascar 1932 tallest in Africa

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Rowlett, Russ. "The Tallest Lighthouses". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 26 December 2009. 
  2. ^ Light List, Volumes 1-7. United States Coast Guard. 
  3. ^ Limits of List of Lights, Pubs. 110-116. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 
  4. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Saudi Arabia". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 
  5. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of the United States: Ohio". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 
  6. ^ Light List, Volume VII, Great Lakes (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard. 2010. p. 57. 
  7. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Japan: Tōkyō Area". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 
  8. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 112, Western Pacific and Indian Oceans Including the Persian Gulf and Red Sea (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2009. p. 67. 
  9. ^ a b "Phare de l’île Vierge". Sécurité maritime - Les Phares et Balises (in French). France: Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and Sea. 30 June 2006. Retrieved 19 December 2009. 
  10. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 114, British Isles, English Channel and North Sea (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2009. p. 132. 
  11. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of France: Northern Finistère". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 
  12. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 113, The West Coasts of Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Azovskoye More (Sea of Azov) (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2009. p. 132. 
  13. ^ a b "La Lanterna - The Lighthouse of Genova". liguri.org. Retrieved 8 August 2010. 
  14. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 114, British Isles, English Channel and North Sea (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2009. p. 131. 
  15. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of France: Basse-Normandie (Western Normandy)". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 
  16. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 116, Baltic Sea with Kattegat, Belts and Sound and Gulf of Bothnia (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2010. p. 192. 
  17. ^ a b List of Lights, Pub. 112, Western Pacific and Indian Oceans Including the Persian Gulf and Red Sea (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2009. p. 297. 
  18. ^ a b Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Russia: Lake Ladoga". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 
  19. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 113, The West Coasts of Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Azovskoye More (Sea of Azov) (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2009. p. 192. 
  20. ^ "I 104 anni del faro di Punta Penna, storie vere: 2007, l'anno dei naufragi" [The 104 years of the lighthouse at Punta Penna, true stories: 2007, year of shipwrecks]. vastoweb.com (in Italian). Retrieved 9 August 2010. 
  21. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 113, The West Coasts of Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Azovskoye More (Sea of Azov) (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2009. p. 201. 
  22. ^ "Spifferi di Trieste: I record del dongiovanni allampanato" [Notes of Trieste: The records of the lanky playboy]. spifferiditrieste.blogspot.com (in Italian). Retrieved 9 August 2010. 
  23. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 113, The West Coasts of Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Azovskoye More (Sea of Azov) (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2009. p. 23. 
  24. ^ "Cordouan Information". littoral33.com. Retrieved 10 August 2010. 
  25. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 110, Greenland, The East Coasts of North and South America (Excluding Continental U.S.A. Except the East Coast of Florida) and the West Indies (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2010. p. 269. 
  26. ^ "Centenario del Faro Recalada a Bahía Blanca" [Centennial to Recalada a Bahía Blanca Lighthouse]. hidro.gov.ar (in Spanish). Retrieved 11 August 2010. 
  27. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 113, The West Coasts of Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Azovskoye More (Sea of Azov) (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2009. p. 119. 
  28. ^ "Vuurtoren in Nederland - Vuurtoren Maasvlakte" [Lighthouses in the Netherlands - Maasvlakte Lighthouse]. vuurtorens.net (in Dutch). Retrieved 11 August 2010. 
  29. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 114, British Isles, English Channel and North Sea (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2010. p. 159. 
  30. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 113, The West Coasts of Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Azovskoye More (Sea of Azov) (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2009. p. 5. 
  31. ^ "Eckmühl". phares.du.monde.free.fr (in French). Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  32. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 116, Baltic Sea with Kattegat, Belts and Sound and Gulf of Bothnia (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2010. p. 86.  Listed as "Pilot Tower"
  33. ^ "Tourism". swinoujscie.pl. Retrieved 10 August 2010. 
  34. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 113, The West Coasts of Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Azovskoye More (Sea of Azov) (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2009. p. 311. 
  35. ^ Light List, Volume II, Atlantic Coast, Shrewsbury River, New Jersey to Little River, South Carolina (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard. 2010. p. 5. 
  36. ^ "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: North Carolina". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 
  37. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 113, The West Coasts of Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Azovskoye More (Sea of Azov) (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2009. p. 64. 
  38. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 113, The West Coasts of Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Azovskoye More (Sea of Azov) (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2009. p. 189. 
  39. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 113, The West Coasts of Europe and Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Azovskoye More (Sea of Azov) (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2009. p. 54. 
  40. ^ "GCX49T Farol de Aveiro (Traditional Cache) in Aveiro, Portugal created by Malok0". geocaching.com. Retrieved 12 August 2010. 
  41. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 110, Greenland, The East Coasts of North and South America (Excluding Continental U.S.A. Except the East Coast of Florida) and the West Indies (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2010. p. 236. 
  42. ^ "Perobas - Touros". natalonline.com (in Portuguese). Retrieved 13 August 2010. 
  43. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 110, Greenland, The East Coasts of North and South America (Excluding Continental U.S.A. Except the East Coast of Florida) and the West Indies (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2010. p. 270. 
  44. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 114, British Isles, English Channel and North Sea (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2010. p. 160. 
  45. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 114, British Isles, English Channel and North Sea (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2010. p. 122. 
  46. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 114, British Isles, English Channel and North Sea (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2010. p. 158. 
  47. ^ List of Lights, Pub. 112, Western Pacific and Indian Oceans Including the Persian Gulf and Red Sea (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2009. p. 525.