List of tallest structures in Europe

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A list of the tallest structures of any kind in Europe, which exist or existed in Europe. The list contains all types of structures including antenna masts and oil drilling platforms.

Gallery[edit]

Some of the highest structures in Europe

Sortable list[edit]

Name Structural type Usage Pinnacle height Year Country Town Coordinates Remarks
Ostankino Tower concrete tower observation, FM-/TV-transmission 540 m (1,770 ft) 1967 Russia
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Moscow 55°49′10.94″N 37°36′41.79″E / 55.8197056°N 37.6116083°E / 55.8197056; 37.6116083 (Ostankino Tower) 2000 Fire led to renovation
Troll A platform offshore platform Gas drilling & production 472 m (1,549 ft) 1996 Norway North Sea 60°40′N 3°40′E / 60.667°N 3.667°E / 60.667; 3.667 (Troll A platform) 303 meters of height is below sea surface
Inta CHAYKA-Mast Guyed mast LF-Transmission 462 m (1,516 ft)  ? Russia
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Inta 65°57′59.54″N 60°18′33.45″E / 65.9665389°N 60.3092917°E / 65.9665389; 60.3092917 (Inta CHAYKA-Mast)
Longwave radio mast Hellissandur guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 412 m (1,352 ft) 1963 Iceland 64°54′26″N 23°55′20″W / 64.90722°N 23.92222°W / 64.90722; -23.92222 (Longwave radio mast Hellissandur)
Emley Moor Radio Mast guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 385 m (1,263 ft) 1964 United Kingdom Emley Moor, Yorkshire 53°36′43.4″N 1°39′51.89″W / 53.612056°N 1.6644139°W / 53.612056; -1.6644139 (Emley Moor Mk. 2) Collapsed on March 19, 1969, because of icing, replaced by 330 metre tall concrete tower on same site
Kiev TV Tower lattice tower FM-/TV-transmission 385 m (1,263 ft) 1973 Ukraine
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Kiev 50°28′16.49″N 30°27′11.97″E / 50.4712472°N 30.4533250°E / 50.4712472; 30.4533250 (Kiev TV Tower) Tallest lattice tower in the world
Gerbrandy Tower partially guyed tower FM-/TV-transmission 382.5 m (1,255 ft) 1961 Netherlands Lopik 52°00′34.38″N 05°03′14.53″E / 52.0095500°N 5.0540361°E / 52.0095500; 5.0540361 (Gerbrandy Tower) Original height: 382.5 metres. 1987: height reduction to 375 metres. Further height reduction to 366.8 metres on August 2, 2007
Gullfaks C offshore platform Oil drilling and production 380 m (1,250 ft) 1990 Norway North Sea 61°12′53.80″N 2°16′25.93″E / 61.2149444°N 2.2738694°E / 61.2149444; 2.2738694 (Gullfaks C) 217 meters of height is below sea surface
Torreta de Guardamar guyed mast LF-transmission 370 m (1,210 ft) 1962 Spain Guardamar del Segura 38°4′18.84″N 0°39′52.65″W / 38.0719000°N 0.6646250°W / 38.0719000; -0.6646250 (Torreta de Guardamar) radio mast used by US-military
Riga Radio and TV Tower concrete tower observation, FM-/TV-transmission 368 m (1,207 ft) 1987 Latvia
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Riga 56°55′26.08″N 24°08′13.26″E / 56.9239111°N 24.1370167°E / 56.9239111; 24.1370167 (Riga Radio and TV Tower) tripod construction, resembling to Eiffel Tower
Berliner Fernsehturm concrete tower observation, FM-/TV-transmission 368 m (1,207 ft) 1969 Germany
(GDR at time of construction)
Berlin 52°31′14.91″N 13°24′33.95″E / 52.5208083°N 13.4094306°E / 52.5208083; 13.4094306 (Berlin TV Tower) was 362 metre tall, when completed in 1969
Skelton transmitter guyed mast VLF-transmission 365 m (1,198 ft) 2001 UK Skelton, Cumbria 54°43′54.5″N 2°52′58.9″W / 54.731806°N 2.883028°W / 54.731806; -2.883028 (Skelton Radio Mast) insulated against ground
Trbovlje Chimney concrete tower chimney 364 m (1,194 ft) 1976 Slovenia(Yugoslavia at time of construction) Trbovlje 46°7′33.68″N 15°03′42.34″E / 46.1260222°N 15.0617611°E / 46.1260222; 15.0617611 (Trbovlje Chimney) tallest chimney in Europe
Sender Donebach 2 guyed masts longwave transmission 363 m (1,191 ft) 1982 Germany (West Germany Donebach 49°33′40.25″N 9°10′22.76″E / 49.5611806°N 9.1729889°E / 49.5611806; 9.1729889 (Donebach transmitter, Mast 1)  ; 49°33′33.53″N 9°10′50.82″E / 49.5593139°N 9.1807833°E / 49.5593139; 9.1807833 (Donebach transmitter, Mast 2)
Pieczewo TV Mast guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 360 m (1,180 ft) 1969 Poland Olsztyn 53°45′11.94″N 20°31′5.33″E / 53.7533167°N 20.5181472°E / 53.7533167; 20.5181472 (FM- and TV-mast Olsztyn-Pieczewo)
Tambov TV Mast guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 360 m (1,180 ft) 1991 Russia Tambov 52°46′51.1″N 41°24′50.8″E / 52.780861°N 41.414111°E / 52.780861; 41.414111 (Tambov TV Mast)
Donetsk TV Mast guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 360 m (1,180 ft) 1992 Ukraine Donetsk 47°56′43.49″N 37°38′36.95″E / 47.9454139°N 37.6435972°E / 47.9454139; 37.6435972 (Donetsk TV Mast)
Novosokolniki TV Mast Guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 360 m (1,180 ft) 1995 Russia Novosokolniki 56°20′00″N 30°01′00″E / 56.33333°N 30.01667°E / 56.33333; 30.01667 (Novosokolniki TV Mast)
Longwave transmitter Ingøy guyed mast longwave transmission 360 m (1,180 ft) 2000 Norway Ingøya 71°04′17.5″N 24°05′15″E / 71.071528°N 24.08750°E / 71.071528; 24.08750 (Ingoy longwave transmitter) grounded, upfed
Sender Zehlendorf, new longwave transmission mast guyed mast longwave /FM-transmission 360 m (1,180 ft) 1979 Germany
(GDR at time of construction)
Zehlendorf bei Oranienburg, Brandenburg 52°47′41.87″N 13°23′9.5″E / 52.7949639°N 13.385972°E / 52.7949639; 13.385972 (Zehlendorf Longwave Mast) grounded structure with cage antenna
Richtfunkstelle Berlin-Frohnau guyed mast directional radio link 358.5 m (1,176 ft) 1978 Germany
(West Germany at time of construction)
Berlin-Frohnau, Berlin 52°39′13.66″N 13°17′43.59″E / 52.6537944°N 13.2954417°E / 52.6537944; 13.2954417 (Frohnau Radio Relay Mast ( demolished)) demolished on February 8, 2009 by explosives
Endesa Termic concrete tower chimney 356 m (1,168 ft) 1974 Spain As Pontes, Galicia 43°26′29″N 7°51′45.50″W / 43.44139°N 7.8626389°W / 43.44139; -7.8626389 (Endesa Termic)
FM- and TV-mast Kosztowy guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 355 m (1,165 ft) 1976 Poland Kosztowy 50°11′16.75″N 19°06′57.97″E / 50.1879861°N 19.1161028°E / 50.1879861; 19.1161028 (FM- and TV-mast Kosztowy)
RKS Liblice 2 2 guyed masts FM-/TV-transmissions 355 m (1,165 ft) 1980 Czech Republic
(Czechoslovakia at time of construction)
Liblice, Český Brod 50°3′43.37″N 14°53′11.27″E / 50.0620472°N 14.8864639°E / 50.0620472; 14.8864639 (RKS Liblice, Mast 1) ; 50°3′47.12″N 14°53′12.84″E / 50.0630889°N 14.8869000°E / 50.0630889; 14.8869000 (RKS Liblice, Mast 2) tallest masts used for medium wave broadcasting, grounded structures with cage antennas
Străşeni TV Mast guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 355 m (1,165 ft) 1985 Moldova Străşeni 47°07′18.97″N 28°33′54.27″E / 47.1219361°N 28.5650750°E / 47.1219361; 28.5650750 (Străşeni TV Mast)
Lipetsk TV Mast guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 354.6 m (1,163 ft) 1991 Russia Lipetsk 52°40′13″N 39°28′59″E / 52.67028°N 39.48306°E / 52.67028; 39.48306 (Lipetsk TV Mast)
TV Tower Vinnytsia guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 354 m (1,161 ft) 1961 Ukraine
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Vinnytsia 49°14′39.6″N 28°25′45.99″E / 49.244333°N 28.4294417°E / 49.244333; 28.4294417 (TV Tower Vinnytsia) equipped with six crossbars running from the mast body to the guys
VLF transmitter DHO38 8 guyed masts VLF-transmission 353 m (1,158 ft) 1982 Germany
(West Germany at time of construction))
Saterland-Ramsloh, Lower Saxony 53°05′22.15″N 07°37′06.19″E / 53.0894861°N 7.6183861°E / 53.0894861; 7.6183861 (DHO38, Mast 1) ; 53°05′14.42″N 07°36′31.14″E / 53.0873389°N 7.6086500°E / 53.0873389; 7.6086500 (DHO38, Mast 2) ; 53°04′59.81″N 07°37′09.88″E / 53.0832806°N 7.6194111°E / 53.0832806; 7.6194111 (DHO38, Mast 3) ; 53°04′52.03″N 07°36′34.69″E / 53.0811194°N 7.6096361°E / 53.0811194; 7.6096361 (DHO38, Mast 4) ; 53°04′36.16″N 07°36′58.79″E / 53.0767111°N 7.6163306°E / 53.0767111; 7.6163306 (DHO38, Mast 5) ; 53°04′30.05″N 07°36′22.87″E / 53.0750139°N 7.6063528°E / 53.0750139; 7.6063528 (DHO38, Mast 6) ; 53°04′10.66″N 07°36′41.82″E / 53.0696278°N 7.6116167°E / 53.0696278; 7.6116167 (DHO38, Mast 7) ; 53°04′16.8″N 07°37′17.66″E / 53.071333°N 7.6215722°E / 53.071333; 7.6215722 (DHO38, Mast 8) insulated against ground
Chimney of Phoenix Copper Smelter concrete tower chimney 351.5 m (1,153 ft) 1995 Romania Baia Mare 47°39′10.39″N 23°36′19.72″E / 47.6528861°N 23.6054778°E / 47.6528861; 23.6054778 (Phoenix Copper Smelter Chimney)
Belmont mast guyed mast FM-/TV-transmission 351.5 m (1,153 ft) 1965 United Kingdom Donington on Bain, Lincolnshire 53°20′9.07″N 0°10′19.11″W / 53.3358528°N 0.1719750°W / 53.3358528; -0.1719750 (Belmont TV Mast) Until 2010 tallest construction in the EU. Original height 385.6 m ( 1265 ft). Extension to 387.7 m ( 1272 ft) in 1967. Height reduction in 2010 to 351.5 m ( 1153 ft)
Sender Zehlendorf, old longwave transmission mast guyed mast longwave transmission 351 m (1,152 ft) 1962 Germany
(GDR at time of construction)
Zehlendorf bei Oranienburg, Brandenburg 52°47′41.87″N 13°23′9.5″E / 52.7949639°N 13.385972°E / 52.7949639; 13.385972 (Zehlendorf Longwave Mast) grounded structure with cage antenna, destroyed on May 18, 1978 at aircraft collision
Longwave transmitter Allouis guyed masts longwave transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1974 France Allouis 47°10′10.45″N 2°12′16.75″E / 47.1695694°N 2.2046528°E / 47.1695694; 2.2046528 (Allouis transmitter, Mast 1) ; 47°10′25.34″N 2°12′16.81″E / 47.1737056°N 2.2046694°E / 47.1737056; 2.2046694 (Allouis transmitter, Mast 2) first mast built in 1952 was until 1974 308 metres tall, second mast built in 1974
Sendemast SL3 guyed mast longwave transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1968 Germany
(GDR at time of construction)
Burg bei Magdeburg, Saxony-Anhalt 52°16′9.35″N 11°55′28.84″E / 52.2692639°N 11.9246778°E / 52.2692639; 11.9246778 (SL3 Radio Mast ( destroyed)) collapsed on February 18, 1976
Mosolovo TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1968 Russia
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Mosolovo 54°16′17.9″N 40°33′26.34″E / 54.271639°N 40.5573167°E / 54.271639; 40.5573167 (Mosolovo TV Mast)
Kolodischi TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1970 Belarus
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Minsk 53°57′40.5″N 27°46′42.08″E / 53.961250°N 27.7783556°E / 53.961250; 27.7783556 (Kolodischi TV Mast)
Lipin Bor TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1970 Russia
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Lipin Bor 60°21′27″N 37°55′15″E / 60.35750°N 37.92083°E / 60.35750; 37.92083 (Lipin Bor TV Mast)
Grigoriopol transmitter, large medium wave mast guyed mast MW-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft)  ? Moldova
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Mayak 47°17′21.4″N 29°26′0.25″E / 47.289278°N 29.4334028°E / 47.289278; 29.4334028 (Grigoriopol transmitter, 350 m mast ( destroyed)) collapsed in 1997
Selizharovo TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1971 Russia
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Selizharovo 56°55′03″N 33°34′47″E / 56.91750°N 33.57972°E / 56.91750; 33.57972 (Selizharovo TV Mast)
Pinerovka TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1971 Russia
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Pinerovka 51°35′20″N 43°01′36″E / 51.58889°N 43.02667°E / 51.58889; 43.02667 (Pinerovka TV Mast)
Ushachi TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1974 Belarus
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Ushachi 55°14′40.43″N 28°38′30.95″E / 55.2445639°N 28.6419306°E / 55.2445639; 28.6419306 (Ushachi TV Mast)
Yershov TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1974 Russia
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Yershov 51°21′51″N 48°17′58″E / 51.36417°N 48.29944°E / 51.36417; 48.29944 (Yershov TV Mast)
Tula TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1975/76 Russia
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Tula 54°8′27″N 37°35′03″E / 54.14083°N 37.58417°E / 54.14083; 37.58417 (Tula TV Mast)
Novo-Bykovo TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1977 Russia
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Vladimir 56°01′10″N 40°50′25″E / 56.01944°N 40.84028°E / 56.01944; 40.84028 (Novo-Bykovo TV Mast)
Rodniki TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1977 Russia
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Rodniki 57°05′24″N 41°44′02″E / 57.09000°N 41.73389°E / 57.09000; 41.73389 (Rodniki TV Mast)
Volga TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1978 Russia
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Rybinsk 57°57′53″N 38°21′14″E / 57.96472°N 38.35389°E / 57.96472; 38.35389 (Volga TV Mast)
Kanevskaya TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1979 Russia
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Kanevskaya 46°03′27.18″N 38°57′57.43″E / 46.0575500°N 38.9659528°E / 46.0575500; 38.9659528 (Kanevskaya TV Mast)
Stavropol TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1979 Russia
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Stavropol 45°00′44.04″N 41°51′11.54″E / 45.0122333°N 41.8532056°E / 45.0122333; 41.8532056 (Stavropol TV Mast)
Livny TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1979? Russia
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Livny 52°27′03″N 37°30′10″E / 52.45083°N 37.50278°E / 52.45083; 37.50278 (Livny TV Mast)
Sovetsky TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1984 Russia
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Sovetsky, Mari El Republic 56°45′17″N 48°32′05″E / 56.75472°N 48.53472°E / 56.75472; 48.53472 (Sovetsky TV Mast)
Smogiri TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1986 Russia
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Smolensk 55°02′08″N 32°22′52″E / 55.03556°N 32.38111°E / 55.03556; 32.38111 (Smogiri TV Mast)
Varaksino TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1988 Russia
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Izhevsk 56°52′13.44″N 53°03′03.02″E / 56.8704000°N 53.0508389°E / 56.8704000; 53.0508389 (Varaksino TV Mast)
Tsivilsk TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1990 Russia
(Soviet Union at time of construction)
Tsivilsk 55°48′22″N 47°26′42″E / 55.80611°N 47.44500°E / 55.80611; 47.44500 (Tsivilsk TV Mast)
Galich TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft) 1991 Russia Galich 58°26′30″N 42°37′38″E / 58.44167°N 42.62722°E / 58.44167; 42.62722 (Galich TV Mast) unused
Polykovichi TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft)  ? Belarus Mahilyow/Polykovichi 53°59′25.22″N 30°19′38.54″E / 53.9903389°N 30.3273722°E / 53.9903389; 30.3273722 (Polykovichi TV Mast)
Novaya Strazha TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft)  ? Belarus Slonim 53°03′51″N 25°28′30″E / 53.06417°N 25.47500°E / 53.06417; 25.47500 (Novaya Strazha TV Mast)
Smetanichi TV Mast guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft)  ? Belarus Smetanichi 52°13′27.87″N 28°30′44.4″E / 52.2244083°N 28.512333°E / 52.2244083; 28.512333 (Smetanichi TV Mast)
HWU transmitter guyed mast VLF-transmission 350 m (1,150 ft)  ? France Rosnay 46°42′47″N 1°14′39″E / 46.71306°N 1.24417°E / 46.71306; 1.24417 (HWU transmitter) multiple masts

See also[edit]

External links[edit]