List of census metropolitan areas and agglomerations in Canada

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The table below lists the census metropolitan areas and agglomerations in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2011 Census.[1] Each entry is identified as a census metropolitan area (CMA) or a census agglomeration (CA) as defined by Statistics Canada. Any other census subdivision that comprises at least 10 per cent of the CMA or CA population is listed in parentheses.[2]

Note that a city's metropolitan area in colloquial or administrative terms may be different from its CMA as defined by Statistics Canada, resulting in differing populations. Such is the case with the Greater Toronto Area where its metro population is notably higher than its CMA population due to its inclusion of the neighbouring Oshawa CMA to the east and the Burlington portion of the neighbouring Hamilton CMA to the west.[3]

Toronto
Montreal
Vancouver
Ottawa
Calgary
Edmonton
Quebec
Winnipeg
Hamilton
Kitchener

Recent growth

Between 2006 and 2011, four of the five fastest growing CMAs were located in Western Canada with Alberta's two CMAs, Calgary and Edmonton, leading the country. Saskatoon, Kelowna and Moncton rounded out the top five in the country, while nine other CMAs registered growth that outpaced the national average. Of the remaining nineteen CMAs, all but two of them recorded population growth. Those that experienced population decline were Thunder Bay and Windsor.[1][4]

Ten of the fifteen fastest growing CAs in Canada between the two most recent censuses were located in Alberta. The other five were located in British Columbia with two, and Manitoba, Ontario and Yukon each with one. Twenty-four CAs experienced population decline between 2006 and 2011. The fifteen CAs that experienced the greatest population decline were located in British Columbia (two), Manitoba (one), New Brunswick (one), Nova Scotia (three), Ontario (four) and Quebec (four). Okotoks experienced the greatest increase while Thompson experienced the greatest decline.[1][4]

List

Canada had 33 CMAs and 114 CAs as of the 2011 census.

Rank
(2011)
Rank
(2006)
Geographic name Province Type Population
(2011)
Population
(2006)
Change
1 1 Toronto (Mississauga) Ontario CMA 5,583,064 5,113,149 9.2
2 2 Montreal (Laval) Quebec CMA 3,824,221 3,635,556 5.2
3 3 Vancouver (Surrey) British Columbia CMA 2,313,328 2,116,581 9.3
4 4 Ottawa - Gatineau Ontario/Quebec CMA 1,236,324 1,133,633 9.1
5 5 Calgary Alberta CMA 1,214,839 1,079,310 12.6
6 6 Edmonton Alberta CMA 1,159,869 1,034,945 12.1
7 7 Quebec (Lévis) Quebec CMA 765,706 719,153 6.5
8 8 Winnipeg Manitoba CMA 730,018 694,668 5.1
9 9 Hamilton (Burlington) Ontario CMA 721,053 692,911 4.1
10 11 Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo Ontario CMA 477,160 451,235 5.7
11 10 London Ontario CMA 474,786 457,720 3.7
12 12 St. Catharines - Niagara (Niagara Falls, Welland) Ontario CMA 392,184 390,317 0.5
13 13 Halifax Nova Scotia CMA 390,328 372,858 4.7
14 14 Oshawa (Whitby, Clarington) Ontario CMA 356,177 330,594 7.7
15 15 Victoria (Saanich) British Columbia CMA 344,615 330,088 4.4
16 16 Windsor (Lakeshore) Ontario CMA 319,246 323,342 -1.3
17 17 Saskatoon Saskatchewan CMA 260,600 233,923 11.4
18 18 Regina Saskatchewan CMA 210,556 194,971 8
19 19 Sherbrooke (Magog) Quebec CMA 201,890 191,410 5.5
20 20 St. John's (Mount Pearl, Conception Bay South) Newfoundland and Labrador CMA 196,966 181,113 8.8
21 21 Barrie (Innisfil) Ontario CMA 187,013 177,061 5.6
22 22 Kelowna (West Kelowna) British Columbia CMA 179,839 162,276 10.8
23 23 Abbotsford - Mission British Columbia CMA 170,191 159,020 7
24 24 Greater Sudbury Ontario CMA 160,770 158,258 1.6
25 26 Kingston (South Frontenac, Loyalist) Ontario CMA 159,561 152,358 4.7
26 25 Saguenay Quebec CMA 157,790 156,305 1
27 27 Trois-Rivières Quebec CMA 151,773 144,713 4.9
28 28 Guelph Ontario CMA 141,097 133,698 5.5
29 29 Moncton (Dieppe, Riverview) New Brunswick CMA 138,644 126,424 9.7
30 30 Brantford (Brant) Ontario CMA 135,501 124,607 8.7
31 32 Saint John (Quispamsis) New Brunswick CMA 127,761 122,389 4.4
32 31 Thunder Bay Ontario CMA 121,596 122,907 -1.1
33 33 Peterborough (Selwyn) Ontario CMA 118,975 116,570 2.1
34 36 Lethbridge Alberta CA 105,999 95,196 11.3
35 34 Chatham-Kent Ontario CA 104,075 108,589 -4.2
36 35 Cape Breton Nova Scotia CA 101,619 105,928 -4.1
37 37 Kamloops British Columbia CA 98,754 92,797 6.4
38 38 Nanaimo British Columbia CA 98,021 92,361 6.1
39 42 Fredericton New Brunswick CA 94,268 86,226 9.3
40 39 Belleville (Quinte West) Ontario CA 92,540 91,518 1.1
41 41 Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu Quebec CA 92,394 87,492 5.6
42 46 Chilliwack British Columbia CA 92,308 82,465 11.9
43 44 Red Deer Alberta CA 90,564 83,154 8.9
44 40 Sarnia (St. Clair) Ontario CA 89,555 88,793 0.9
45 45 Drummondville Quebec CA 88,480 82,949 6.7
46 43 Prince George British Columbia CA 84,232 83,225 1.2
47 47 Sault Ste. Marie Ontario CA 79,800 80,098 -0.4
48 49 Granby Quebec CA 77,077 71,176 8.3
49 48 Kawartha Lakes Ontario CA 73,214 74,561 -1.8
50 50 Medicine Hat Alberta CA 72,807 68,822 5.8
51 58 Wood Buffalo Alberta CA 66,896 52,643 27.1
52 53 Charlottetown (Stratford) Prince Edward Island CA 64,487 59,325 8.7
53 51 North Bay Ontario CA 64,043 63,424 1
54 52 Norfolk Ontario CA 63,175 62,563 1
55 54 Cornwall (South Stormont) Ontario CA 58,957 58,485 0.8
56 56 Vernon (Coldstream) British Columbia CA 58,584 55,418 5.7
57 57 Saint-Hyacinthe Quebec CA 56,794 54,976 3.3
58 59 Courtenay (Comox, Comox Valley A & B) British Columbia CA 55,213 51,383 7.5
59 63 Grande Prairie Alberta CA 55,032 47,107 16.8
60 55 Shawinigan Quebec CA 55,009 56,408 -2.5
61 62 Brandon Manitoba CA 53,229 48,256 10.3
62 61 Rimouski Quebec CA 50,912 48,918 4.1
63 60 Leamington (Kingsville) Ontario CA 49,765 49,741 0
64 64 Sorel-Tracy (Contrecœur) Quebec CA 47,772 46,595 2.5
65 66 Joliette (Notre-Dame-des-Prairies, Saint-Charles-Borromée, Saint-Paul) Quebec CA 46,932 43,306 8.4
66 67 Victoriaville Quebec CA 46,354 43,195 7.3
67 65 Truro (Colchester, Subd. B & C) Nova Scotia CA 45,888 45,077 1.8
68 69 Duncan (North Cowichan) British Columbia CA 43,252 41,387 4.5
69 68 Timmins Ontario CA 43,165 42,997 0.4
70 71 Prince Albert Saskatchewan CA 42,673 40,766 4.7
71 70 Penticton (Okanagan-Similkameen D) British Columbia CA 42,361 41,303 2.6
72 72 Rouyn-Noranda Quebec CA 41,798 40,650 2.8
73 73 Orillia (Ramara) Ontario CA 40,731 40,532 0.5
74 74 Salaberry-de-Valleyfield Quebec CA 40,077 39,672 1
75 75 Brockville (Elizabethtown-Kitley, Augusta) Ontario CA 39,024 39,668 -1.6
76 77 Woodstock Ontario CA 37,754 35,822 5.4
77 79 Campbell River (Strathcona D) British Columbia CA 36,096 34,707 4
78 76 New Glasgow (Pictou, Subd. C & B, Stellarton, Westville) Nova Scotia CA 35,809 36,288 -1.3
79 78 Midland (Tay, Penetanguishene) Ontario CA 35,419 35,432 0
80 82 Saint-Georges Quebec CA 34,642 32,902 5.3
81 81 Moose Jaw Saskatchewan CA 34,421 33,360 3.2
82 80 Bathurst (Bathurst Parish, Beresford Parish, Beresford) New Brunswick CA 33,484 34,106 -1.8
83 83 Val-d'Or Quebec CA 33,265 32,288 3
84 85 Alma Quebec CA 33,018 31,864 3.6
85 84 Owen Sound (Georgian Bluffs) Ontario CA 32,092 32,259 -0.5
86 86 Stratford Ontario CA 30,886 30,516 1.2
87 92 Lloydminster Alberta/Saskatchewan CA 30,798 27,023 14
88 87 Baie-Comeau Quebec CA 28,789 29,674 -3
89 90 Sept-Îles Quebec CA 28,487 27,827 2.4
90 88 Miramichi (North Esk) New Brunswick CA 28,115 28,773 -2.3
91 89 Thetford Mines Quebec CA 27,968 28,110 -0.5
92 93 Parksville (Qualicum Beach, Nanaimo G) British Columbia CA 27,822 26,518 4.9
93 94 Rivière-du-Loup (Saint-Antonin) Quebec CA 27,734 26,423 5
94 91 Corner Brook Newfoundland and Labrador CA 27,202 27,194 0
95 95 Centre Wellington Ontario CA 26,693 26,049 2.5
96 98 Fort St. John (Peace River C) British Columbia CA 26,380 25,136 4.9
97 96 Kentville (Kings, Subd. B & C) Nova Scotia CA 26,359 25,969 1.5
98 101 Whitehorse Yukon CA 26,028 22,898 13.7
99 97 Port Alberni (Alberni-Clayoquot E) British Columbia CA 25,465 25,343 0.5
100 99 Cranbrook (East Kootenay C) British Columbia CA 25,037 24,138 3.7
101 114 Okotoks Alberta CA 24,511 17,150 42.9
102 100 Pembroke (Laurentian Valley) Ontario CA 24,017 23,195 3.5
103 103 Brooks (Newell County) Alberta CA 23,430 22,452 4.4
104 104 Quesnel (Cariboo A & B) British Columbia CA 22,096 21,049 5
105 102 Edmundston New Brunswick CA 21,903 22,471 -2.5
106 112 Collingwood Ontario CA 19,241 17,290 11.3
107 107 Yellowknife Northwest Territories CA 19,234 18,700 2.9
108 109 North Battleford (Battleford) Saskatchewan CA 19,216 18,081 6.3
109 108 Cobourg Ontario CA 18,519 18,210 1.7
110 105 Williams Lake (Cariboo D & E) British Columbia CA 18,490 18,760 -1.4
111 106 Matane Quebec CA 18,368 18,709 -1.8
112 111 Yorkton (Orkney No. 244) Saskatchewan CA 18,238 17,438 4.6
113 110 Campbellton, New Brunswick (Addington, Dalhousie, Listuguj) New Brunswick CA 17,842 17,878 -0.2
114 119 Salmon Arm British Columbia CA 17,683 16,205 9.1
115 116 Swift Current (Swift Current No. 137) Saskatchewan CA 17,535 16,533 6.1
116 123 Squamish British Columbia CA 17,479 15,256 14.6
117 121 Camrose Alberta CA 17,286 15,630 10.6
118 113 Amos Quebec CA 17,090 17,176 -0.5
119 115 Powell River (Powell River C) British Columbia CA 16,689 16,537 0.9
120 120 Summerside Prince Edward Island CA 16,488 16,153 2.1
121 117 Port Hope Ontario CA 16,214 16,390 -1.1
122 118 Dolbeau-Mistassini Quebec CA 16,019 16,257 -1.5
123 126 Petawawa Ontario CA 15,988 14,651 9.1
124 122 Terrace (Kitimat-Stikine E) British Columbia CA 15,569 15,420 1
125 124 Kenora Ontario CA 15,348 15,177 1.1
126 125 Tillsonburg Ontario CA 15,301 14,822 3.2
127 135 Cold Lake Alberta CA 13,839 11,991 15.4
128 128 Grand Falls-Windsor Newfoundland and Labrador CA 13,725 13,558 1.2
129 127 Temiskaming Shores Ontario CA 13,566 13,654 -0.6
130 141 Steinbach Manitoba CA 13,524 11,066 22.2
131 130 Prince Rupert British Columbia CA 13,052 13,392 -2.5
132 131 Portage la Prairie Manitoba CA 12,996 12,728 2.1
133 136 Estevan Saskatchewan CA 12,973 11,883 9.2
134 144 High River Alberta CA 12,920 10,716 20.6
135 129 Thompson Manitoba CA 12,839 13,446 -4.5
136 145 Sylvan Lake Alberta CA 12,762 10,703 19.2
137 137 Lachute Quebec CA 12,551 11,832 6.1
138 139 Wetaskiwin Alberta CA 12,525 11,689 7.2
139 133 Cowansville Quebec CA 12,489 12,182 2.5
140 147 Strathmore Alberta CA 12,305 10,280 19.7
141 134 Canmore Alberta CA 12,288 12,039 2.1
142 138 Ingersoll Ontario CA 12,146 11,760 3.3
143 132 Hawkesbury (Grenville) Ontario/Quebec CA 12,128 12,267 -1.1
144 143 Lacombe Alberta CA 11,707 10,752 8.9
145 142 Dawson Creek British Columbia CA 11,583 10,994 5.4
146 140 Elliot Lake Ontario CA 11,348 11,549 -1.7
147 146 Bay Roberts (Spaniard's Bay, Upper Island Cove) Newfoundland and Labrador CA 10,871 10,507 3.5

See also

References

External links