List of the 100 largest municipalities in Canada by population

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The table below lists the 100 largest census subdivisions (municipalities or municipal equivalents) in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2011 census for census subdivisions.[1]

This list includes only the population within a census subdivision's boundaries as defined at the time of the census. Many census subdivisions are part of a larger census metropolitan area or census agglomeration. For their ranking, see the list of census metropolitan areas and agglomerations in Canada.

List[edit]

Rank Census subdivision Province Type Land area
(km2, 2011)
Population 2011 Population 2006 Population 2001 Population 1996 Change in % 2006–2011 Change in % 1996–2011
1 Toronto Ontario city 630.21 2,615,060 2,503,281 2,481,494 2,385,421 4.5 9.6
2 Montreal Quebec ville 365.13 1,649,519 1,620,693 1,583,590 1,547,030 1.8 6.6
3 Calgary Alberta city 825.29 1,096,833 988,193 879,003 768,082 10.9 42.7
4 Ottawa Ontario city 2,790.22 883,391 812,129 774,072 721,136 8.8 22.5
5 Edmonton Alberta city 684.37 812,201 730,372 666,104 616,306 11.2 31.8
6 Mississauga Ontario city 292.40 713,443 668,549 612,000 544,382 6.7 31.1
7 Winnipeg Manitoba city 464.08 663,617 633,451 619,544 618,477 4.8 7.3
8 Vancouver British Columbia city 114.97 603,502 578,041 545,671 514,008 4.4 17.3
9 Brampton Ontario city 266.34 523,911 433,806 325,428 268,251 20.8 95.1
10 Hamilton Ontario city 1,117.23 519,949 504,559 490,268 467,799 3.1 11.1
11 Quebec City Quebec ville 454.10 516,622 491,142 476,330 467,728 5.2 10.5
12 Surrey British Columbia city 316.41 468,251 394,976 347,820 304,477 18.6 53.9
13 Laval Quebec ville 247.09 401,553 368,709 343,005 330,393 8.9 21.5
14 Halifax Nova Scotia regional municipality 5,490.28 390,096 372,679 359,111 342,851 4.7 14.1
15 London Ontario city 420.57 366,151 352,395 336,539 325,669 3.9 12.6
16 Markham Ontario city 212.58 301,709 261,573 208,615 173,383 15.3 74.0
17 Vaughan Ontario city 273.52 288,301 238,866 182,022 132,549 20.7 118.2
18 Gatineau Quebec ville 342.98 265,349 242,124 226,696 217,591 9.6 22.1
19 Longueuil Quebec ville 115.59 231,409 229,330 225,761 225,722 0.9 2.7
20 Burnaby British Columbia city 90.61 223,218 202,799 193,954 179,209 10.1 24.6
21 Saskatoon Saskatchewan city 209.56 222,189 202,340 196,861 193,653 9.8 15.0
22 Kitchener Ontario city 136.79 219,153 204,668 190,399 178,420 7.1 22.3
23 Windsor Ontario city 146.32 210,891 216,473 209,218 197,694 −2.6 6.6
24 Regina Saskatchewan city 145.45 193,100 179,246 178,225 180,404 7.7 7.2
25 Richmond British Columbia city 129.27 190,473 174,461 164,345 148,867 9.2 28.4
26 Richmond Hill Ontario town 100.95 185,541 162,704 132,030 101,725 14.0 83.1
27 Oakville Ontario town 138.88 182,520 165,613 144,738 128,405 10.2 42.2
28 Burlington Ontario city 185.66 175,779 164,415 150,836 136,976 6.9 28.7
29 Greater Sudbury Ontario city 3,227.38 160,274 157,857 155,219 165,336 1.5 −3.2
30 Sherbrooke Quebec ville 353.49 154,601 147,427 138,785 136,883 4.9 13.2
31 Oshawa Ontario city 145.68 149,607 141,590 139,051 134,464 5.7 11.1
32 Saguenay Quebec ville 1,126.48 144,746 143,692 147,133 152,811 0.7 −5.2
33 Lévis Quebec ville 449.31 138,769 130,006 121,999 103,750 6.7 33.9
34 Barrie Ontario city 77.39 135,711 128,430 103,710 79,191 5.7 70.9
35 Abbotsford British Columbia city 375.55 133,497 123,864 115,494 105,403 7.4 26.7
36 St. Catharines Ontario city 96.11 131,400 131,989 129,170 130,926 −0.4 0.4
37 Trois-Rivières Quebec ville 288.90 131,338 126,323 122,395 124,417 4.0 5.6
38 Cambridge Ontario city 113.00 126,748 120,371 110,372 101,429 5.3 24.6
39 Coquitlam British Columbia city 122.30 126,456 114,565 112,890 101,820 10.4 24.8
40 Kingston Ontario city 451.17 123,363 117,207 114,195 112,605 5.3 9.8
41 Whitby Ontario town 146.53 122,022 111,184 87,413 73,794 9.7 64.9
42 Guelph Ontario city 87.20 121,688 114,943 106,170 95,821 5.9 26.1
43 Kelowna British Columbia city 211.62 117,312 106,707 96,288 89,442 9.6 31.5
44 Saanich British Columbia district municipality 103.78 109,752 108,265 103,654 101,388 1.4 7.9
45 Ajax Ontario town 67.07 109,600 90,167 73,753 64,430 21.6 70.3
46 Thunder Bay Ontario city 328.24 108,359 109,140 109,016 113,662 −0.7 −4.4
47 Terrebonne Quebec ville 154.74 106,322 94,703 80,536 75,116 12.3 41.3
48 St. John's Newfoundland and Labrador city 446.04 106,172 100,646 99,182 101,936 5.5 4.0
49 Langley British Columbia district municipality 308.03 104,177 93,726 86,896 80,179 11.2 30.0
50 Chatham-Kent Ontario municipality 2,458.09 103,671 108,177 107,341 109,950 −4.2 −5.8
51 Delta British Columbia district municipality 180.11 99,863 96,723 96,950 95,411 3.3 4.7
52 Waterloo Ontario city 64.02 98,780 97,475 86,543 77,949 1.3 26.7
53 Cape Breton Nova Scotia regional municipality 2,433.35 97,398 102,250 105,968 114,733 −4.7 −15.2
54 Brantford Ontario city 72.47 93,650 90,192 86,417 86,417 3.8 8.4
55 Strathcona County Alberta specialized municipality 1,180.56 92,490 82,511 71,986 64,176 12.1 44.1
56 Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu Quebec ville 225.78 92,394 87,492 79,600 76,461 5.6 20.8
57 Red Deer Alberta city 104.29 90,564 82,772 67,829 60,080 8.9 50.7
58 Pickering Ontario city 231.59 88,721 87,838 87,139 78,989 1.0 12.3
59 Kamloops British Columbia city 299.23 85,678 80,376 77,281 76,394 6.6 12.2
60 Clarington Ontario municipality 611.30 84,548 77,820 69,834 60,615 8.6 39.5
61 North Vancouver British Columbia district municipality 160.76 84,412 82,562 82,310 80,418 2.2 5.0
62 Milton Ontario town 363.22 84,362 53,939 31,471 32,104 56.5 162.8
63 Nanaimo British Columbia city 91.30 83,810 78,692 73,000 70,130 6.5 18.0
64 Lethbridge Alberta city 122.36 83,517 74,637 67,374 63,053 11.8 32.5
65 Niagara Falls Ontario city 209.71 82,997 82,184 78,815 76,917 1.0 7.9
66 Repentigny Quebec ville 61.79 82,000 76,237 72,218 70,677 7.6 16.0
67 Victoria British Columbia city 19.47 80,017 78,057 74,125 73,405 2.5 9.0
68 Newmarket Ontario town 38.33 79,978 74,295 65,788 57,125 7.6 40.0
69 Brossard Quebec ville 45.20 79,273 71,154 65,026 65,927 11.4 20.2
70 Peterborough Ontario city 63.80 78,698 74,898 71,446 69,742 4.4 12.8
71 Chilliwack British Columbia city 261.50 77,936 69,217 62,567 60,186 12.6 29.5
72 Maple Ridge British Columbia district municipality 266.78 76,052 68,949 63,169 56,173 10.3 35.4
73 Sault Ste. Marie Ontario city 223.26 75,141 74,948 74,566 80,054 0.3 −6.3
74 Kawartha Lakes Ontario city 3,083.06 73,214 74,561 69,179 67,926 −1.8 7.8
75 Sarnia Ontario city 164.71 72,366 71,419 70,876 72,738 1.3 −0.5
76 Prince George British Columbia city 318.26 71,974 70,981 72,406 75,510 1.4 −4.7
77 Drummondville Quebec ville 246.85 71,852 67,392 63,029 58,588 6.6 22.6
78 Saint John New Brunswick city 315.82 70,063 68,043 69,661 72,494 3.0 -3.4
79 Moncton New Brunswick city 141.17 69,074 64,128 61,046 59,313 7.7 16.5
80 Saint-Jérôme Quebec ville 90.52 68,456 63,729 59,614 59,533 7.4 15.0
81 New Westminster British Columbia city 15.63 65,976 58,549 54,656 49,350 12.7 33.7
82 Wood Buffalo Alberta specialized municipality 63,637.47 65,565 51,496 41,445 35,213 27.3 86.2
83 Granby Quebec ville 152.72 63,433 47,637 44,121 43,316 6.8 46.4
84 Norfolk County Ontario city 1,607.60 63,175 62,563 60,847 60,534 1.0 4.4
85 St. Albert Alberta city 48.27 61,466 57,719 53,081 46,888 6.4 31.1
86 Medicine Hat Alberta city 112.01 60,005 56,997 51,249 46,783 5.3 28.3
87 Caledon Ontario town 688.15 59,460 57,050 50,605 39,893 4.2 49.1
88 Halton Hills Ontario town 276.25 59,008 55,289 48,184 42,390 6.7 39.2
89 Port Coquitlam British Columbia city 29.17 56,342 52,687 51,257 46,682 6.9 20.7
90 Fredericton New Brunswick city 131.67 56,224 50,535 47,580 46,507 11.3 20.9
91 Grande Prairie Alberta city 72.80 55,032 47,076 36,983 31,353 16.8 75.5
92 North Bay Ontario city 319.05 53,651 53,966 52,771 54,332 −0.6 −1.2
93 Blainville Quebec ville 55.10 53,510 46,493 36,029 29,603 15.1 80.8
94 Saint-Hyacinthe Quebec ville 188.69 53,236 51,616 50,394 50,027 3.1 6.4
95 Aurora Ontario town 49.78 53,203 47,629 40,167 34,857 11.7 52.6
96 Welland Ontario city 81.09 50,631 50,331 48,402 48,411 0.6 4.6
97 Shawinigan Quebec ville 733.48 50,060 51,904 52,040 56,721 −3.6 −11.7
98 Dollard-des-Ormeaux Quebec ville 15.10 49,637 48,930 48,206 47,826 1.4 3.8
99 Belleville Ontario city 247.21 49,454 48,821 46,029 46,195 1.3 7.1
100 North Vancouver British Columbia city 11.83 48,196 45,165 44,303 41,475 6.7 16.2

Gallery[edit]

Toronto
Montreal
Calgary
Ottawa
Edmonton
Mississauga
Winnipeg
Vancouver
Brampton
Hamilton

Highest growth, 2006–2011[edit]

The following is a list of the 15 census subdivisions in Canada with a population of 5,000 or greater that experienced the highest percentage of population growth between the 2006 and 2011 censuses as published by Statistics Canada.[2]

Census subdivision Population
2011
Population
2006
Change in %
2006–2011
Milton, Ontario (town) 84,362 53,889 56.5
Martensville, Saskatchewan (city) 7,716 4,978 55.0
Whitchurch–Stouffville, Ontario (town) 37,628 24,390 54.3
Sainte-Brigitte-de-Laval (municipalité) 5,696 3,790 50.3
Chestermere, Alberta (town) 14,824 9,923 49.4
Warman, Saskatchewan (city) 7,084 4,769 48.5
Beaumont, Alberta (town) 13,284 8,961 48.2
Airdrie, Alberta (city) 42,564 28,927 47.1
Leduc, Alberta (city) 24,279 16,967 43.1
Okotoks, Alberta (town) 24,511 17,150 42.9
La Broquerie, Manitoba (rural municipality) 5,198 3,659 42.1
Paradise, Newfoundland and Labrador (town) 17,695 12,584 40.6
Sainte-Marthe-sur-le-Lac, Quebec (ville) 15,689 11,311 38.7
Blackfalds, Alberta (town) 6,300 4,618 36.4
Marieville, Quebec (ville) 10,094 7,527 34.1

Largest decreases, 2006–2011[edit]

The following is a list of the 15 census subdivisions in Canada with a population of 5,000 or greater that experienced the largest percentage of population decreases between the 2006 and 2011 censuses as published by Statistics Canada.[2]

Census subdivision Population
2011
Population
2006
Change in %
2006–2011
Unorganized Thunder Bay District, Ontario (unorganized) 5,909 6,585 −10.3
Inverness, Subdivision A, Nova Scotia (subdivision) 5,280 5,859 −9.9
Hearst, Ontario (town) 5,090 5,620 −9.4
Lac La Biche County, Alberta (municipal district) 8,402 9,123 −7.9
Kitimat, British Columbia (district municipality) 8,335 8,987 −7.3
Dryden, Ontario (city) 7,617 8,195 −7.1
Digby, Nova Scotia (municipal district) 7,463 7,986 −6.5
Shippagan, New Brunswick (parish) 5,032 5,370 −6.3
Clare, Nova Scotia (municipal district) 8,319 8,813 −5.6
Yarmouth, Nova Scotia (town) 6,761 7,162 −5.6
The Blue Mountains, Ontario (town) 6,453 6,825 −5.5
Kings, Subdivision D, Nova Scotia (subdivision of county municipality) 5,201 5,499 −5.4
Brock, Ontario (township) 11,341 11,979 −5.3
Annapolis, Subdivision A, Nova Scotia (subdivision of county municipality) 6,008 6,342 −5.3
La Tuque, Quebec (ville) 11,227 11,821 −5.0

See also[edit]

References[edit]