List of the Ottoman battles in which the sultan participated

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The list of Ottoman battles in which the sultans personallty participated is shown below. Note that the sieges are not included in the list. For a complete list of all battles involving the Ottoman Empire see the List of battles involving the Ottoman Empire.

Date Name Sultan Opponents Commanders of the opponents
27 July 1302 Bapheus (Koyunhisar) [1][2] Osman I Byzantine Empire Mouzalon
1303 Battle of Dimbos[3] Osman I Byzantine Empire
11 June 1329 Maltepe (Pelakonon) [4] Orhan Byzantine Empire Andronicus III
15 June 1389 Kosovo [5][6] Murat I Serbian Principality-Kingdom of Bosnia Prince Lazar
17 May 1395 Rovine (Arkuş) [7] Beyazit I Wallacia (South Romania) Mircea cel Bătrân
25 September 1396 Nicopolis (Niğbolu)[8] Beyazıt I Crusades Sigismund
20 July 1402 Ankara[9][10] Beyazıt I Timurid Empire Timur
10 November 1444 Varna [11][12] Murat II Crusades Władysław III -John Hunyadi
20 October 1448 Kosova[13][14] Murat II Kingdom of Hungary-Wallachia John Hunyadi
11 August 1473 Otlukbeli [15][16] Mehmet II Akkoyunlu Turkmens Uzun Hasan
26 July 1476 Valea Alba (Akdere)[17][18] Mehmet II Moldavia Ştefan cel Mare
23 August 1514 Chaldiran (Çaldıran)[19][20] Selim I Safavid Persia Ismail I
24 August 1516 Marj Dabiq (Mercibabık)[21][22] Selim I Mamluk Egypt Qansuk al Ghawri
22 January 1517 Ridaniya[23][24] Selim I Mamluk Egypt Tuman bay II.
29 August 1526 Mohacs[25][26] Süleyman I Kingdom of Hungary Louis II of Hungary
26 October 1596 Keresztes (Haçova)[27][28] Mehmet III Holy Roman Empire-Habsburg Austria Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria
11 September 1697 Zenta[29][30] Mustafa II Holy Roman Empire-Habsburg Austria Prince Eugene of Savoy

Image gallery of the sultans[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yücel-Sevim II,p.4
  2. ^ Agoston-Masters p.108
  3. ^ Struggle between osman Gazi and Byzantines
  4. ^ Yücel-Sevim II,p.8
  5. ^ Yücel-Sevim II,p.40
  6. ^ Agoston-Masters p.317
  7. ^ Yücel-Sevim II,p.46
  8. ^ Yücel-Sevim II,p.52
  9. ^ Yücel-Sevim II,p.64
  10. ^ Britannica, p.368
  11. ^ Yücel-Sevim II,p.117
  12. ^ Agoston-Masters p.401
  13. ^ Yücel-Sevim II,p.120
  14. ^ Britannica, p.369
  15. ^ Yücel-Sevim II,p.176
  16. ^ Iorga II, pp.150-151
  17. ^ Agoston-Masters p.390
  18. ^ Iorga II, p.160
  19. ^ Yücel-Sevim II,p.240
  20. ^ Iorga II, pp.280-281
  21. ^ Yücel-Sevim II,p.247
  22. ^ Iorga II, p.284
  23. ^ Yücel-Sevim II,p.249
  24. ^ Iorga II, p.285
  25. ^ Yücel-Sevim II,p.267
  26. ^ Iorga II, pp.337-338
  27. ^ Yücel-Sevim III,pp.35-36
  28. ^ Britannica, p.373
  29. ^ Yücel-Sevim III,p.227-228
  30. ^ Agoston-Masters p.410

Sources[edit]

  • Prof. Yaşar Yüce-Prof. Ali Sevim: Türkiye tarihi Cilt II, AKDTYKTTK Yayınları, İstanbul, 1991
  • Prof. Yaşar Yüce-Prof. Ali Sevim: Türkiye tarihi Cilt III, AKDTYKTTK Yayınları, İstanbul, 1991
  • Gabor Agoston-Bruce Masters:Encyclopaedia of the Ottoman Empire ISBN 978-0-8160-6259-1
  • Nicolae Iorga:Geschiste des Osmanischen Reiches II (translated by Nilüfer Epçeli) Yeditepe yayınevi, İstanbul, ISBN 975-6480-19-X
  • Encyclopaedia Britannica, Expo'70 ed. Vol 22