List of the first female holders of political offices in the Americas

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Antigua and Barbuda[edit]

Argentina[edit]

The Bahamas[edit]

Barbados[edit]

Belize[edit]

Bermuda[edit]

Bolivia[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Empire of Brazil:

Republic of the United States of Brazil:

United States of Brazil:

Federative Republic of Brazil:

British Virgin Islands[edit]

Canada[edit]

Ontario[edit]

Manitoba[edit]

Saskatchewan[edit]

New Brunswick[edit]

Quebec[edit]

Alberta[edit]

Nova Scotia[edit]

British Columbia[edit]

Prince Edward Island[edit]

Newfoundland and Labrador[edit]

Yukon[edit]

Northwest Territories[edit]

Nunavut[edit]

Cayman Islands[edit]

Chile[edit]

Colombia[edit]

Costa Rica[edit]

Dominica[edit]

Ecuador[edit]

El Salvador[edit]

Grenada[edit]

Guatemala[edit]

Guyana[edit]

Haiti[edit]

Honduras[edit]

Jamaica[edit]

Mexico[edit]

National offices[edit]

Local and municipal elected offices[edit]

State elected offices[edit]

Colima[edit]

Tlaxcala[edit]

Yucatán[edit]

Zacatecas[edit]

Federal District[edit]

Nicaragua[edit]

Panama[edit]

Paraguay[edit]

Peru[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

Suriname[edit]

Trinidad and Tobago[edit]

United States[edit]

Local and municipal elected offices[edit]

State elected offices[edit]

National offices[edit]

Elected[edit]

National caucus or political party[edit]

Appointed[edit]

Uruguay[edit]

Legislative Power
Municipal
National Government
Judiciary

Venezuela[edit]

Footnotes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b Carrington, Sean; Fraser, Henry (2003). "Parliament". A~Z of Barbados Heritage. Macmillan Caribbean. pp. 146–147. ISBN 0-333-92068-6. "Women were not able to vote until 1943. The first women to be elected as a Member of the House of Assembly (in 1951) was Ermie Bourne (later Dame Ermie). The first women to become a Minister of Government was the Honourable Billie Miller (Minister of Health, 1975)." 
  2. ^ "Past Governors of the Central Bank of Barbados". Centralbank.org.bb. Retrieved 2010-06-24. 
  3. ^ "Dr. Marion V. Williams - Central Bank of Barbados". Centralbank.org.bb. Retrieved 2010-06-24. 
  4. ^ "Barbados Labour Party - House of Assembly". Blp.org.bb. Retrieved 2010-06-24. 
  5. ^ "Madame President". Nation newspaper. March 15, 2012. Retrieved July 17, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Another first". Barbados Advocate. March 15, 2012. Retrieved July 17, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e (Portuguese) "As Mulheres Fazem História". IBGE teen.
  8. ^ a b (Portuguese) "Primeira prefeita do Brasil". Diário do Nordeste. October 5, 2008.
  9. ^ a b c d e (Portuguese) "Direito de voto feminino completa 76 anos no Brasil; saiba mais sobre essa conquista". Folha de S. Paulo. February 21, 2008.
  10. ^ (Portuguese) Almeida, Denise. "3 de maio de 1933 — A primeira deputada eleita". Jornal do Brasil. April 3, 2009.
  11. ^ (Portuguese) "Arquivo G1: Brasil tem primeira senadora". G1. May 11, 2007.
  12. ^ (Portuguese) Eleições 2002 - Curiosidades. Folha de S. Paulo.
  13. ^ (Portuguese) Martello, Alexandre. "Zélia Cardoso ressurge e diz que 'pragmatismo' guiou Plano Collor". G1. September 9, 2008.
  14. ^ (Portuguese) AFP. "Dilma Rousseff é eleita primeira mulher presidente do Brasil". Yahoo!. October 31, 2010.
  15. ^ Guide 2 Woman Leaders
  16. ^ Royal Heraldry Society of Canada (5 February 2007). "The Coat of Arms of Canada - A Short History". Royal Heraldry Society of Canada. Retrieved 2009-01-03. 
  17. ^ "MACPHAIL, Agnes Campbell". Library of Parliament. "First woman elected to the House of Commons" 
  18. ^ "WILSON, The Hon. Cairine Reay". Library of Parliament. "First woman Senator in Canadian history" 
  19. ^ ""Today in History" profile of Barbara Hanley from the ''Sudbury Star''". Members.shaw.ca. Retrieved 2010-06-24. 
  20. ^ a b "Thérèse CASGRAIN". Canadian Women in politics - Hall of Fame. "She led the Québec wing of the party from 1951 to 1957, thereby becoming the first woman in Canada to lead a political party" 
  21. ^ "he Rt. Hon. Ellen FAIRCLOUGH". Canadian Women in politics - Hall of Fame. "Ellen Loucks Fairclough was the first woman to be appointed to Canada's Cabinet" 
  22. ^ Watson led the Yukon Progressive Conservative Party into the territory's first-ever partisan legislative election; although her party won the election, Watson failed to win her own seat and thus did not become government leader.
  23. ^ a b Johnston became premier by winning the leadership of the governing party, but lost the subsequent election. Callbeck was the first female premier to win the office via her party winning a general election.
  24. ^ "Kim Campbell as Prime Minister of Canada". Pm.gc.ca. Retrieved 2010-06-24. 
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h "Some Important Women’s Firsts in Manitoba". Nellie McClung Foundation. Retrieved December 8, 2011. 
  26. ^ "Nunavut names new premier", The Globe and Mail, November 14, 2008.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Sebastián Oyarce and Camila Infanta (2009-01-11). "Voto Mujer: A 60 años de la conquista". El Mercurio.  Also available in diario.elmercurio.cl, VOTO MUJER, a 60 años de la conquista
  28. ^ "Municipalidad de Santiago". Municipalidaddesantiago.cl. Retrieved 2010-06-24. 
  29. ^ "Las Condes". Lascondes.cl. Retrieved 2010-06-24. 
  30. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  31. ^ El Mercurio S.A.P. (2007-10-06). "El Mercurio.com". Diario.elmercurio.cl. Retrieved 2010-06-24. 
  32. ^ El Mercurio S.A.P. (2005-12-13). "El Mercurio.com". Diario.elmercurio.cl. Retrieved 2010-06-24. 
  33. ^ "Reseñas parlamentarias - Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile". Biografias.bcn.cl. 2009-09-05. Retrieved 2010-06-24. [dead link]
  34. ^ "¿Quién es Michelle Bachelet?". BBC News. January 15, 2006. Retrieved May 11, 2010. 
  35. ^ "nacion.cl - Loreto Silva es la primera mujer que lidera Obras Públicas en 125 años de historia ministerial". Lanacion.cl. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  36. ^ "Discurso Diputada Adriana Muñoz D'Alvora — Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile" (in Spanish). Bcn.cl. Retrieved 2010-06-24. 
  37. ^ "Serafina Dávalos, lawyer and feminist". MujeresTejiendoLaPaz.org. Retrieved 16 January 2014.  (Spanish)
  38. ^ "Paraguay nominates first woman for president", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), January 22, 2008.
  39. ^ "Motivational Speaker, Professional Women, Latina/Bilingual/Hispanic". Silamcalderon.com. Retrieved 2010-06-24. 
  40. ^ "Audrey Jeffers". NALIS. Retrieved 2011-04-22. 
  41. ^ "History of San Fernando". What South Say. Retrieved 2011-04-22. 
  42. ^ a b c "1st Independent Parliament (29 Dec 1961 - 25 Aug 1966)". Parliament of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. Retrieved 2011-04-21. 
  43. ^ "Members of Parliament of Trinidad and Tobago (1991–1995)". Parliament of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. Retrieved 2011-04-21. 
  44. ^ a b c "Members of Parliament of Trinidad and Tobago (1995–2000)". Parliament of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. Retrieved 2013-07-17. 
  45. ^ "Biography". NALIS. Retrieved 2011-04-21. 
  46. ^ "Members of Parliament of Trinidad and Tobago (2002–2007)". Parliament of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. Retrieved 2011-04-21. 
  47. ^ "Office of the Ombudsman of Trinidad and Tobago". Parliament of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. Retrieved 2011-04-21. 
  48. ^ a b "Members of Parliament of Trinidad and Tobago". Parliament of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. Retrieved 2011-04-21. 
  49. ^ "Navas to become first female mayor". Moontown. Retrieved 2011-04-22. 
  50. ^ "Members of Parliament of Trinidad and Tobago 2010-Present". Parliament of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. Retrieved 2011-04-21. 
  51. ^ "Members of Parliament of Trinidad and Tobago 2010-Present". Parliament of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. Retrieved 2011-04-21. 
  52. ^ Susana Madora Salter-First Woman Mayor (Kansas Collection-Kansas Historical Quarterlies)
  53. ^ Barber, D.A. (2003-12-04). "The New Boss". Tucson Weekly. Retrieved 2011-01-12. 
  54. ^ Graham, Lawrence Otis (1999). Our Kind of People: Inside America's Black Upper Class. Harper Perennial. p. 339. ISBN 978-0-06-098438-0. 
  55. ^ "Nellie T. Ross". Wyoming State Archive. 
  56. ^ Lockwood was elected in 1960 to the Arizona Supreme Court, and her colleagues elected her Chief Justice in 1965.Lorna Lockwood: Lawyer, Legislator, Leader, pp. 1 and 12 Susie Sharp is believed to be the first woman elected Chief Justice of a state supreme court in a state where that office is elected by the people as a post separate from Associate Justice.
  57. ^ "Justice Sandra Day O'Connor Visits Duke Law". Duke Law School. 
  58. ^ "Vermont Women: Edna Beard". VPR. Retrieved 2013-09-07. 
  59. ^ a b Edna Louisa Beard. "Person Detail". Womenshistory.vermont.gov. Retrieved 2013-09-07. 
  60. ^ a b "Edna Beard". Vermonttoday.com. Retrieved 2013-09-07. 
  61. ^ Jeannette Rankin at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  62. ^ Hattie Wyatt Caraway at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  63. ^ "About Nancy Pelosi". Office of the Speaker of the House of Representatives. 
  64. ^ "Biography". Office of Congresswoman Nancy Pelosi. 
  65. ^ "Luminous Women of New Mexico History: Dolores "Lola" Chavez de Armijo". New Mexico Mercury. 2013-07-08. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  66. ^ Rebecca Latimer Felton at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  67. ^ "Frances Perkins". Social Security Administration. 
  68. ^ Weiner, Tim (2006-12-09). "Jeane Kirkpatrick, Reagan's Forceful Envoy, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2010. 
  69. ^ "Sandra Day O'Connor". Oyez.org. 
  70. ^ "Senator Elizabeth Dole". United States Senate. 
  71. ^ "Ann M. Veneman". United States Department of Agriculture. 
  72. ^ "Gale A. Norton". United States Department of the Interior. 

See also[edit]