List of the kings of Georgia
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|King of Georgia|
|Georgian Royal Coat of Arms|
|King George XII of Georgia|
|First monarch||Pharnavaz I / Bagrat III|
|Last monarch||George XII / Solomon II|
|Style||The Most High King, His/Her Royal Majesty, By the will of God, King of Kings and Queen of Queens of all Kartvelians, Autocrat of all the East and the West, Glory of the World and Faith, Sword of the Messiah.|
Artanuji (now in Turkey)
|Monarchy started||1120 BC
302 BC (official date)
Religion Paganism / Christianity
Kingdom of Kartli and Kakheti
Kingdom of Imereti
Monarchy ended by Russia's annexation
|Current pretender(s)||Nugzar Bagration-Gruzinsky
David Bagration of Mukhrani
Nino Bagrationi of Imereti
Prince George Bagration Bagrationi
Issue of union of Bagrationi branches, born September 27, 2011
Line of succession to the former Georgian throne
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Diauehi was the basis of the Georgian Kingdom of Tao-Klarjeti.
Kings of Diauehi
- Sien of Diauehi (1120 BC–1100 BC)
- Asia of Diauehi (850 BC–825 BC)
- Utupursi of Diauehi (810 BC–770 BC)
Kingdom of Iberia (იბერიის სამეფო) was a Greek-Roman name of the ancient Georgian kingdom of Kartli in Eastern Georgia which began about 302 BC and fell to the Byzantines and Persians in 580. The lists of early Iberian kings are principally based on early medieval Georgian annals and is blended with legend and fact. Beginning with Artag (1st century BC), many of them are also attested by Roman/Byzantine, Armenian and Persian sources. There is also some lack of consistency about the dates of their reigns. The chronology below is given as per Javakhishvili, Toumanoff and other modern scholars.
- Pharnavaz I (c. 302–237 BC)
- Saurmag I (c. 237–162 BC)
- Mirian I (c. 162–112 BC)
- Pharnajom (c. 112–93 BC)
Kings of Artaxiad dynasty
- Mirian II (32–23 BC)
- Arshak II (20–2 BC)
- Pharasmanes I of Iberia (2 BC-30 AD)
- Mithridates I (30–50)
- Pharsman I (50–58)
- Qartam (58–72)
- Kaos (72–87)
- Azork (87–106)
- Amazasp I (106–116)
- Pharsman II the Brave ("Qveli") (116–142)
- Radamist (142–145)
- Pharsman III (145–185)
- Amazasp II (185–189)
Kings of Arsacid dynasty
- Rev I the Just ("Martali") (189–216)
- Vache (216–234)
- Bakur I (234–249)
- Mithridates II Mihrdat (249–265)
- (Amazasp III, anti-king (260–265))
- Asphagur I (265–284)
Kings of Chosroid dynasty
- Mirian III (284–361), who introduced Christianity into Georgia as an official religion. (From 317 to 326 AD)
- ( Rev II, co-regent (345–361) )
- Saurmag II (361–363)
- Varaz-Bakur I (Asphagur II) (363–365)
- Mithridates III (365–380)
- Varaz-Bakur II (Asphagur III) (380–394)
- Tiridat (394–406)
- Pharsman IV (406–409)
- Mithridates IV (409–411)
- Archil (411–435)
- Mithridates V (435–447)
- Vakhtang I Gorgasali (447–502)
- Dachi (502–514)
- Bakur II (Gurgen) (514–528)
- Pharsman V (528–542)
- Pharsman VI (542–547)
- Bakur III (547–580)
The Kingdom of Colchis existed from the 14/13th to the 2nd centuries BC.
Kings of Colchis
- Kuji, a presiding prince (Eristavi) of Egrisi under the authority of Pharnavaz I of Iberia (c. 302-237 BC) (according to the medieval Georgian annals).
- Akes (Basileus Aku) (end of the 4th century BC), king of Colchis; his name is found on a coin issued by him.
- Saulaces, King in the 2nd century BC.
- Mithridates (fl. 65 BC), under the authority of Pontus.
- Machares (fl. 65 BC), under the authority of Pontus.
Note: During his reign, the local chiefs, sceptuchi, continued to exercise some power. One of them, Olthaces, is mentioned by the Roman sources as a captive of Pompey in 65 BC.
- Aristarchus (65-47 BC), a dynasty under the authority of Pompey.
The kingdom flourished between the 6th century BC and the 7th century.
Kings of Egrisi
- Agros fl. c. 2nd century
- Malaz fl. 130
- Mirdat c. 360–c. 380
- Baraz-Bakur c. 380–c. 395
- To Iberia (Eastern Georgia) c. 395–c. 450
- Gubazes I, attested c. 456–466
- Damnazes, 521/522
- Tzath I, attested 521/522 – 527/528
- Opsites, dates of reign unknown, likely some time before 541
- Gubazes II c. 541–555
- Tzathe II, 556–?
- To Byzantine Empire 570–c. 660
- Barnuki I 660–c. 670
- Grigori 670–c. 675
- Barnuki II 675–691
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Persian and Byzantine conquest destroyed rule and replaced the hereditary king with a hereditary prince who continued to fight until they finally regained power with the dawn of the Arabs in the 7th century. The following is a list of those princes:
Princes of Iberia
- Guaram I, the Guaramid, 588–c. 590
- Stephen I, the Guaramid, c. 590–627
- Adarnase I, the Chosroid, 627–637/642
- Stephen II, the Chosroid, 637/642–c. 650
- Adarnase II, the Chosroid, c. 650–684
- Guaram II, the Guaramid, 684–c. 693
- Guaram III, the Guaramid, c. 693–c. 748
- Adarnase III, the Nersianid, c. 748–c. 760
- Nerse, the Nersianid, c. 760–772, 775–779/780
- Stephen III, the Guaramid, 779/780–786
- Ashot I, the Bagratid, 813–830
- Bagrat I, 842/843–876
- David I, 876–881
- Gurgen I, 881–891 (overlaps with Adarnase IV’s restoration of kingship)
- Adarnase IV, 888–923
- David II, 923–937
- Sumbat I, 937–958
- Bagrat II, 958–994
- Gurgen of Georgia, 994–1008
Unified Kingdom of Georgia
- Bagrat III, 1008–1014
The eventual victors in Georgia were of the house of Bagrationi, who claimed descent from the earlier dynasty. This family would rule Georgia and all Georgian kingdoms until the Russians annexed all of Georgia in the early 19th century.
House of Bagrationi
Kings of Iberia
- Guaram I Kurapalate (575–590)
- Stepanoz I Kurapalate (590–605)
- Ashot (809–826), Prince of Kartli
- Bagrat I Kuropalates (826–876), Prince of Kartli
- David I Kuropalates (876–881), Prince of Kartli
- Gurgen I of Tao (881–891), Prince of Kartli
- Adarnase IV (888–923), King of the Georgians
- David II (923–937), King of Kartli
- Sumbat I (937–958), King of Kartli
- Bagrat II (958–994), Adarnase V (961–966) and David III (966–975), Kings of Kartli
- Gurgen II (994–1008), King of Kartli
- Bagrat III (975–1008), King of the Abkhazis and Kartvelians, became king of Georgia in 1008
- Sumbat (815–840)
- Adarnase I (840–865)
- Hama I (865–893)
- Adarnase II (897–943)
- Ishchanik (943–951)
- Iany I (951–959)
- c. 580–637 – Adarnase I, also prince of Iberia since 627.
- 637–650 – Stephanus I, also prince of Iberia
- 650–684 – Adarnase II, prince of Iberia
- 685–736 – Stephanus II
- 736–741 – Mihr
- 736–786 – Archil “the Martyr”
- 786–790 – Ioanne
- 786–807 – Juansher
- 786–827 – Grigol
- 827–839 – Vache Kvabulidze
- 839–861 – Samuel, Donauri
- 861–881 – Gabriel, Donauri
- 881–893 – Padla I Arevmaneli
- 893–918 – Kvirike I
- 918–929 – Padla II
- 929–976 – Kvirike II
- 976–1010 – David
- 1010–1029 – Kvirike III
- 1029–1039 – Temporary Annexation by the Kingdom of Georgia
- 1039–1058 – Gagik
- 1058–1084 – Aghsartan I
- 1084–1102 – Kvirike IV
- 1102–1105 – Aghsartan II
- 1105–1465 - Part of the Georgian Crown
- 1465–1476 – George I
- 1476–1511 – Alexander I
- 1511–1513 – George II "the Bad"
- 1513–1520 – Annexation by the Kingdom of Kartli
- 1520–1574 – Leon
- 1574–1602 – Alexander II (Under Ottoman suzerainty after 1578)
- 1602 – David I
- 1602–1605 – Alexander II (restored)
- 1605 – Constantine I
- 1605–1614 – Teimuraz I
- 1614–1615 – Annexation by Persia
- 1615–1648 – Teimuraz I (restored)
- 1616–1623 – Annexation by Persia
- 1623–1633 – Teimuraz I (restored)
- 1633–1636 – Annexation by Persia
- 1636–1648 – Teimuraz I (restored)
- 1648–1656 – Annexation by Kartli
- 1656–1664 – Annexation by Persia
- 1664–1675 – Archil (Shāh Nazar Khān)
- 1675–1676 – Erekle I (Nazar Alī Khān)
- 1676–1703 – Annexation by Persia
- 1703–1722 – David II (Imām Qulī Khān)
- 1722–1732 – Constantine II (Mahmūd Qulī Khān) (As vassal of Ottoman Empire)
- 1732–1744 – Teimuraz II (As vassal of Ottoman Empire until 1736, later of Persia)
- 1744–1762 – Erekle II
- David I (1258–1293)
- Constantine I (1293–1326)
- Michael (1326–1329)
- Bagrat I (1329–1330)
- Vacant (1330–1387)
- Alexandre I (1387–1389)
- George I (1389–1396)
- Constantin II (1396–1401)
- Demetrius I (1401–1443), only recognized as Duke by Alexander I of Georgia
- Vacant (1443–1446)
- Demetrius II (1446–1452)
- Vacant (1452-1463/65)
- Bagrat II (1463–1478)
- Alexander II (1478–1510)
- Bagrat III (1510–1565)
- George II (1565–1585)
- Leon (1585–1588)
- Rostom (1588–1589, 1590–1605)
- Bagrat IV (1589–1590)
- George III (1605–1639)
- Alexander III (1639–1660)
- Bagrat V (1660–1661, 1663–1668, 1669–1678, 1679–1681)
- Vakhtang Tchutchunashvili (1661–1663)
- Archil (1661–63, 1678–79, 1690–91, 1695–96, 1698)
- Demetre (1663–1664)
- George IV (1681–1683)
- Alexander IV (1683–1690, 1691–1695)
- Simon (1699–1701)
- George V (1696–1698)
- Mamia (1701–02, 1711, 1713)
- George VI (1702–1707)
- George VII (1707–11, 1712–13, 1713–16, 1719–1720)
- George VIII (1716, 1720)
- Alexander V (1720–1741, 1742–1752)
- George IX (1741)
- Solomon I (1752–1766, 1768–1784)
- Teimuraz (1766–1768)
- David II (1784–1789, 1790–1791)
- Solomon II (1789–1790, 1792–1810)
- Leon II, 767/68–811/12
- Theodosius II, 811/12–837/38
- Demetrius II, 837/38–872/73
- George I of Aghts’epi, 872/73–878/79
- John Shavliani, 878/79–c. 880
- Adarnase Shavliani, c. 880–887/88
- Bagrat I, 887/88–898/99
- Constantine III, 898/99–916/17
- George II, 916/17–960
- Leon III, 960–969
- Demetrius III, 969–976
- Theodosius III, 976–978
- Bagrat II, 978–1014
Kings of Tao-Klarjeti
- Guaram II (619–678)
- Varazbakur (678–705)
- Nerse (705–742)
- Adarnase (742–779)
- Ashot I Kuropalates (end of the 8th century / 813–826)
- Bagrat I Kuropalates (826–876), co-rulers: Adarnase (830–c.870) and Guaram Mampali (died 882)
- David I Kuropalates (876–881)
- Adarnase I Kuropalates (881–923), King of the Georgians (888–923)
- David II Magistros (923–937)
- Ashot II Kuropalates (937–954)
- Sumbat I Kuropalates (954–958)
- Bagrat II Regueni, "the Simple" (958–994)
- Gurgen, King of Kings (994–1008)
- Bagrat III, King of Apkhazeti (Abkhazia) since 978, King of united Georgia (1008–1014)
- Gurgen I Mampali (c. 870–891)
- Adarnase, Eristavt Eristavi (891–896)
- Ashot Kukhi, Eristavt Eristavi (896/908–918)
- Gurgen II the Great (918–941)
- Bagrat Magistros (died 945)
- Adarnase II Kuropalates (945–961)
- Bagrat, Eristavt Eristavi (961–966)
- David III Kuropalates (966–1000)
- Sumbat I Mampali, the Great (c. 870–889)
- Bagrat I (889–900)
- David I (900–943)
- Sumbat II (943–988)
- David II (988–992/993)
- Sumbat III (992/993–1011)
- Gurgen (died 1012)
Kings of All Georgia
- Bagrat III (1008–1014)
- George I (1014–1027)
- Bagrat IV (1027–1072)
- George II (1072–1089)
- David IV the Builder (1089–1125)
- Demetrius I (1125–1155)
- David V (1155) for six months
- Demetrius I (1155–1156) restored
- George III (1156–1184)
- Tamar (1184–1213)
- George IV Lasha (1213–1223)
- Rusudan (1223–1245)
- David VI Narin (1245–1259), co-regent with successor (created rival line in Imereti)
- David VII Ulu (1259–1270)
- Demetrius II (1270–1289)
- Vakhtang II (1289–1292)
Mongolian Conquest 1292-1310
- David VIII (1293–1311)
- George V (1297–1298)
- Vakhtang III (1298–1308)
- George VI the Minor (1310–1314)
- George V (1314–1346) restored
- David IX (1346–1360)
- Bagrat V (1360–1395)
- George VII (1395–1405)
- Constantine I (1405–1411)
- Alexander I (1412–1443)
- Vakhtang IV (1443–1446)
- George VIII (1446–1466), kingdom divided
The Kings of Georgia retained the largest portion of the divided kingdom which reverted to its old name of Kartli. Kingdom of Imereti and Kakheti emerged as the other Bagrationi kingdoms created out of the division.
- Bagrat VI (1466–1478), reclaimed all of Georgia 1465
- Aleksandre II (1478)
- Constantine II (1478–1505), retained Kartli but lost Georgia 1490
- David X (1505–1524)
- George IX (1524–1534)
- Luarsab I (1534–1558)
- Svimeon I (1558–1569)
- David XI (1569–1578)
- Svimeon I (1578–1600) restored
- George X (1600–1605)
- Luarsab II (1605–1615)
- Bagrat VII (1615–1619)
- Svimeon II (1619–1630)
Annexation to Kakheti 1630-1634
Annexation to Kakheti 1668-1691
- George XI (1691–1695)
Annexation to Kakheti 1695-1703
- George XI (1703–1709)
- Kaikhusro (1709–1711)
Kings of Kartli and Kakheti
Upon Jesse's death and with help from the Persians, the two neighboring kingdoms of Kartli and Kakheti were united once more. Imereti remained independent until its annexation by Russia in 1810.
- Constantine II (1727–1732)
- Teimuraz II (1732–1762)
- Erekle II (1762–1798)
- George XII (1798–1800)
- David (1800), heir apparent
Annexation of Kakheti and Kartli to Russia by Emperor Paul I before coronation, 1801.
Annexation of Georgian kingdoms by Russia and last kings of Georgia
Annexation of Kingdom of Kartli and Kakheti
On September 12, 1801 Russian Empire annexed Georgian Kingdom of Kartli and Kakheti. By the following April 1802, Russian troops took control of the country’s administration and in February 1803 heir David Bagrationi was escorted by force by Russian troops from Tbilisi to St. Petersburg.
Last King of Kartli and Kakheti
- George XII of Kartli and Kakheti (12 January 1798 – 28 December 1800)
- David Bagrationi (1800), heir apparent (who couldn't reign as the kingdom was annexed in 1801)
Other Georgian Kingdom of Imereti was annexed by the Russian Empire in 1810.
Last King of Imereti
- Solomon II of Imereti (1789 – 20 February 1810)
The various branches of the Bagrationi dynasty of Georgian kings survived in Georgia under Russian occupation. However, many members were forced to flee the country and live in exile after the Red Army took control of the short-lived Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1921 and installed the Georgian Communist Party. Since Georgia regained independence in 1990 the former royals have raisede their profile and in 2008 the two rival branches of the dynasty were united in marriage.
Georgian royal family today
Georgia's monarchic tradition traces its origins to the Hellenistic period, which has left an enduring legacy. Its dynasty's rule ended with the annexation of Georgian lands by the Russian Empire early in the 19th century, although several branches of the family survive. Restoration was considered by various royalist groups throughout the 20th century. Although Georgia’s post-Soviet politics have operated in the framework of a presidential republic since the nation regained its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, the debate on monarchy, particularly its constitutional form, has never completely ceased.
Constitutional monarchy and dynastic restoration debate
Debate of constitutional monarchy was revitalized by the political crisis in Georgia late in 2007. The October 7, 2007 sermon of Catholicos-Patriarch Ilia II, popular head of the Georgian Orthodox Church, gave new impetus to an old option. The patriarch, who has always sympathized with the idea of constitutional monarchy, said, during his Sunday service at the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, that the restoration of the royal dynasty was a "desirable dream of the Georgian people". He also emphasized that if the Georgian people chose this model of governance, "a candidate to the crown should be selected among representatives of the royal dynasty, and he should be suitably raised to be King from childhood."
Although the Patriarch’s sympathies toward the monarchy were not new to the ears of regular parishioners, several opposition parties immediately seized on the opportunity to advance their slogan "Georgia without a President", a reference to the model of parliamentary rule advocated by the Georgian opposition. Many politicians expressed their support for a constitutional monarchy, with a transitional stage in the form of a parliamentary republic.
There has been a broad welcome from the opposition to Illia II's call to consider establishing a constitutional monarchy. “We, most opposition parties, believe that we should have a parliamentary form of government and its perfect form is a constitutional monarchy,” MP Zviad Dzidziguri of the Conservative Party said on October 8. “I always supported a constitutional monarchy, as an appropriate form of government for Georgia,” Salome Zourabichvili, the leader of Georgia’s Way, told reporters. Labor Party leader Shalva Natelashvili said on October 8 that his party also supports the proposal. Konstantine Gamsakhurdia, the leader of the opposition Freedom Party, said the proposal was “extremely positive.” The New Rights Party, in a statement issued on October 8, said that Georgia should be a constitutional monarchy. A lawmaker from the ruling party, Vakhtang Balavadze, said the issue should only be considered after the restoration of the country’s territorial integrity.
The authorities' response to the calls for a monarchy was restrained. Nino Burjanadze, a chairperson of the Parliament of Georgia, expressed skepticism about the idea and stated that Georgia will not be able to decide on such an important issue until its territorial integrity is restored, referring to the secessions in Abkhazia and South Ossetia. President Mikheil Saakashvili, having jokingly remarked on his remote Bagratid ancestry, said that "serious considerations are necessary of this issue so that we do not add new problems to the already existing ones." Mr Saakashvili said: “My grandmother was also a Bagrationi. I say it for people, who want to restore the monarchy. It would be even better because we would avoid the need for elections and would decide everything based on family traditions,” Saakashvili told Georgian reporters in Finland on October 12. “Of course, I am joking,” he quickly added, saying it was unfortunate that he had to stress that because “the opposition lacks a sense of humor.” Giga Bokeria, an influential member of the parliament from Saakashvili’s United National Movement, tried to soft-pedal the Patriarch’s statement: "The patriarch didn’t suggest establishing monarchy today. He meant this may happen after Georgia resolves its fundamental problems." He later alleged that the opposition’s call for a constitutional monarchy was merely a populist move: "they speak about constitutional monarchy here and do not say anything about it abroad. This is their double-standard policy." Ilia II himself has avoided further comment on the topic.
Meanwhile, the opposition New Rights party, which stood aside from the anti-government demonstrations staged by a coalition of ten opposition parties in October and November 2007, became the only major political group to add a more nuanced view on the establishment of a constitutional monarchy to their agenda. They issued a special declaration supporting the idea and proposing to hold a referendum on the issue, a suggestion which was also included in the pre-election campaign of David Gamkrelidze, a candidate from the New Rights/Industrialists bloc for the early presidential elections held on January 5, 2008.
A monarchy option has always caused an ambiguous resonance in Georgia. On the one hand, the monarchy is considered a symbol of Georgian unity and independence, and on the other hand it belongs to a remote past, with a significant gap of more than 200 years in monarchic tradition. Thus, according to one survey conducted back in 1998, only 16.3% of 828 respondents believed that a monarchy would be a good or very good form of government for Georgia when asked how suitable they think various types of government were or would be for Georgia.
The supporters of constitutional monarchy continue to argue that this form of state would best protect the interests of citizens of Georgia; a monarch "would reign not rule", and act as a safeguard of stability and national unity. They see the return to monarchy as a "historical justice", referring to the fact that the native royal dynasty has never been rejected or overthrown by the Georgian people, but was dispossessed by a foreign power (i.e., Russia).
In 1942 Prince Irakli Bagrationi-Mukhraneli, of the genealogically senior branch of the dynasty, proclaimed himself Head of the Royal House of Georgia, in the absence of evidence that Bagrationis of the Kakhetian branch (which had reigned until 1801) still survived in the Soviet Union. He founded the Union of Georgian Traditionalists in exile. His second wife, Maria Antonietta Pasquini, daughter of Ugo, Count di Costafiorita, bore him a son and heir, but died in childbirth in February 1944. In August 1946 the widower married Princess María Mercedes de Baviera y Borbón, a granddaughter of King Alfonso XII, and daughter of Don Fernando de Baviera y Borbón, who had renounced his royal rights in Bavaria to become a naturalised infante in Spain.
Beginning in the 1990s, senior members of the Bagrationi-Mukhrani descendants began re-patriating to Georgia from Spain, ending generations of exile. Irakli's elder son, Prince Georgi Bagrationi-Mukhraneli, was officially recognized by government and church leaders when he brought his father's remains from Spain to rest with those of his ancestors in Svetitskhoveli Cathedral at Mtskheta in 1995, and took up residence in Tbilisi in 2005, where he died. His eldest son, Prince Irakli (Heraclius, born 1972), moved to Georgia in 1999 and, although previously embraced as a future pretender to the throne by some Georgian monarchists, has moved back to Spain and deferred his own dynastic claim, since the death of his father in 2008, to that of his younger brother, Prince Davit (born 1976). Davit took up residence in Tbilisi, obtained Georgian citizenship, claimed the Mukhraneli dynastic titles, and became Head of the Family Council. The Bagration Mukhraneli is the senior surviving legitimate branch of the Bagration patrilineage, descending directly from King Constantine II of Georgia. Nonetheless, mitigating the claim of Prince David Bagrationi-Mukhraneli to the Georgian throne is the fact that the Mukhraneli branch has not reigned as kings in Georgia since the 18th century,
Princes of Mukhrani (1512–1801)
- Bagrat I (1512–1539)
- Vakhtang I (1539–1580)
- Erekle I (1580–1605)
- Teimuraz I (1605–1625)
- Kaikhosro (1625–1626)
- David I, son of Teimuraz I of Kakheti (1626–1648)
- Vakhtang II (1648–1659)
- Constantine I (1659–1667)
- Teimuraz II (1667–1688)
- Ashotan (1688–1691)
- Papua (1691–1710)
- Constantine II (1710)
- Erekle II (1710–1716)
- Levan (1716–1719)
- David II (1719–1734)
- Mamuka (1734–1735)
- Constantine III (1735–1755)
- Simon (1755–1785)
- Ioane I (1785–1800)
- Constantine IV (1800–1801)
Heads of the Princely House of Mukhrani (1801–Present)
- Constantine IV (1801–1842)
- Ioane II (1842–1895)
- Constantine V (1895–1903)
- Alexander (1903–1918)
- George I (1918–1957)
- Irakli III (1957–1977)
- George II (1977–2008)
- David Bagration of Mukhrani (2008–present) Prince David Bagration of Mukhrani married Princess Anna Bagration-Gruzinsky.
The former Head of the House of Imereti was Princess Nino Bagrationi (born 1915, married Prince Avtandil Japaridze 1944, deceased in 2009). Princess Nino was the only daughter of Prince David Bagrationi of Imereti (1894–1937) the last surviving heir male of Alexander V of Imereti and last legitimate pretender to the princely line. Princess Nino was the President of the Bagrationi Society. During the debate on the restoration of the unified Georgian Monarchy she was reported to favour the claims of Prince Nugzar Bagration-Gruzinsky, however, her views after the dynastic marriage between the rival Gruzinsky and Mukhrani branches of the Bagrationi Dynasty were not known before her death.
Prince Nugzar Petrovich Bagration-Gruzinski (born 1950) is the most senior, known patrilineal descendant of Georgia's last king, George XII and is, as such, head of the Kakhetian branch of the dynasty which, although genealogically junior to the Mukhranelis, has reigned more recently, not having lost the throne of Georgia until 1800. Nugzar is well known in Georgia because he has lived his entire life in Tbilisi, and experienced with other Georgians both the country's subordination to the Soviet regime and its liberation since 1991. He is a theatrical and cinema director, and his father, Prince Petre Bagration-Gruzinski (1920–1984), was a poet, and authored lyrics to the anthem, "Song of Tiflis".
The name "Gruzinsky" (also spelled Gruzinski, or Gruzinskii) derives from Russian, originally and literally meaning "of Georgia". These families are:
- Princes Gruzinsky ("the Elder House"), an offshoot of the House of Mukhrani dispossessed of the throne of Kartli in 1726. They descended from Prince Bakar of Georgia (1699/1700-1750) who had removed to Russia in 1724, and went extinct with the death of Pyotr Gruzinsky (1837–1892). The family had estates in the governorates of Moscow and Nizhegorod, and was confirmed among the princely nobility of Russia in 1833.
- Princes Gruzinsky (Bagration-Gruzinsky; "the Younger House"), an offshoot of the House of Kakheti (after 1462) and (after 1744) of Kartli. The title of Prince(ss) Gruzinsky (Serene Prince[ss] after 1865) were conferred upon the grandchildren of the penultimate Georgian king Erekle II (1720/1–1798) after the Russian annexation of Georgia in 1801. Descendants of Prince Bagrat (1776–1841), grandson of Erekle II and son of the last king of Georgia George XII (1746–1800), still survive in Georgia. The current head of this family, Nugzar Bagration-Gruzinsky (born 1950), claims the legitimate headship of the Royal House of Georgia (also claimed by the line of Bagrations of Mukhrani) based on male primogeniture descent from the last king of Georgia. As he has no male issue, Peter Gruzinsky (born 1916), the great grandson of Bagrat's younger brother Ilia (1791–1854) who lives in the Russian Federation, is considered to be an heir presumptive within the same primogeniture principle.
- Queen Tamar of Georgia, 1166–1213
- George IV of Georgia,
- David VII of Georgia, 1215–1270
- Demetre II of Georgia, 1259–1289
- George V of Georgia, 1286–1346
- David IX of Georgia, died 1393
- Bagrat V of Georgia, died 1393
- Constantine I of Georgia, 1369–1412
- Alexander I of Georgia, 1389–1446
- George VIII of Georgia, died 1476
- Alexander I of Kakheti, died 1511
- George II of Kakheti, died 1513
- Levan I of Kakheti, died 1574
- Alexander II of Kakheti, died 1605
- David I of Kakheti, died 1602
- Teimuraz I of Kakheti, died 1663
- Prince David of Kakheti, died 1648
- Erekle I of Kakheti, died 1709
- Teimuraz II of Kakheti, died 1762
- Erekle II of Georgia, died 1798
- George XII of Georgia, died 1800
- Prince Bagrat Bagrationi of Georgia, died 1841
- Prince Alexander Gruzinsky, died 1865
- Prince Petre Aleksandrovich Gruzinsky, died 1922
- Prince Petre Gruzinsky died 1984
- Prince Nugzar Bagration-Gruzinsky
- Princess Anna Bagration-Gruzinsky, b. Tbilisi November 1, 1976. Married firstly to Grigori Malania and had two daughters with him, Princesses of Georgia Irine and Miriam Bagrationi-Gruzinskis, and secondly, to Prince David Bagration of Mukhrani with whom she has a son, Prince Giorgi Bagration Bagrationi (See United Branch and Royal Birth below).
- Princess Maya Bagration-Gruzinsky, b. Tbilisi January 2, 1978. She married Nicholas Chichinadze and has two children with him, Temur and Anna Chichinadze.
Marriage unites Bagrationi branches
Prince Nugzar's daughter, Princess Anna, a divorced teacher and journalist with two daughters, married Prince David Bagrationi-Mukhraneli, on 8 February 2009 at the Tbilisi Sameba Cathedral. The marriage united the Gruzinsky and Mukhrani branches of the Georgian royal family, and drew a crowd of 3,000 spectators, officials, and foreign diplomats, as well as extensive coverage by the Georgian media.
The dynastic significance of the wedding lay in the fact that, amidst the turmoil in political partisanship that has roiled Georgia since its independence in 1991, Patriarch Ilia II of Georgia publicly called for restoration of the monarchy as a path toward national unity in October 2007. Although this led some politicians and parties to entertain the notion of a Georgian constitutional monarchy, competition arose among the old dynasty's princes and supporters, as historians and jurists debated which Bagrationi has the strongest hereditary right to a throne that has been vacant for two centuries. Although some Georgian monarchists support the Gruzinsky branch's claim, others support that of the re-patriated Mukhrani branch. Both branches descend from the medieval kings of Georgia down to Constantine II of Georgia who died in 1505, and continue in unbroken, legitimate male line into the 21st century.
Whereas the Bagration-Mukhrani were a cadet branch of the former Royal House of Kartli, they became the genealogically seniormost line of the Bagrationi family in the early 20th century: yet this elder branch had lost the rule of Kartli by 1724, retaining that of the Principality of Mukhrani until its annexation by Russia along with Kartli-Kakheti in 1800.
Meanwhile, the Bagration-Gruzinsky line, although junior to the Princes of Mukhrani genealogically, reigned over the kingdom of Kakheti, re-united the two realms in the kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti in 1762, and did not lose sovereignty until Russian annexation in 1800.
The bridegroom is the only member of his branch who retains Georgian citizenship and residence since the death of his father, Prince George Bagrationi-Mukhraneli in 2008. Aside from his unmarried elder brother, Prince Davit is the heir male of the Bagrationi family, while the bride's father is the most senior descendant of the last Bagrationi to reign over the united kingdom of Georgia. Since Nugzar and Princes Peter and Eugene Bagrationi-Gruzinsky are the last patrilineal males descended from King George XII, and all three were born before 1950, their branch verges on extinction. But the marriage between Nugzar Gruzinsky's heiress and the Mukhrani heir resolves their rivalry for the claim to the throne, which has recently divided Georgian monarchists.
ანა ბაგრატიონ გრუზინსკი
Princess Anna Bagrationi Gruzinsky
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|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
- Princess Anna Nugzaris asuli Bagration-Gruzinsky of Georgia (b. Tbilisi 1.11.1976)
- Princess Irine Bagrationi-Gruzinski of Georgia (elder daughter of Pss. Anna of Georgia)
- Princess Mariam Bagrationi-Gruzinski of Georgia (younger daughter of Pss. Anna of Georgia)
- Prince Giorgi Bagration-Bagrationi (born 27.9.2011)
- Princess Maya Nugzaris asuli Bagration-Gruzinsky (b. Tbilisi 2.1.1978)
- Princess Dali Petres asuli Bagration-Gruzinsky (b. Tbilisi 17.10.1939)
- Princess Mzevinar Petres asuli Bagration-Gruzinsky (born 15.9.1945)
- Prince Petre Bagration-Gruzinsky (born 1916)
- Prince Evgeni Bagration-Gruzinsky (born 1947)
- Princess Marina Bagration-Gruzinsky (born 1950)
- Princess Ekaterina Bagration-Gruzinsky (born 1956)
House of Bagrationi Mukhraneli Branch
- Prince Giorgi Bagration-Bagrationi (born 27.9.2011)
- Prince Gurami Ugo Bagration-Mukhranski (born 1985)
- Princess María Antonietta Bagration-Mukhranski (born 1969)
- Prince Bagrat Bagration-Mukhranski (born 1949)
- Prince Juan Jorge Bagration-Mukhranski (born 1977)
- Princess Inès Bagration-Mukhranski (born 1980)
- Princess Maria Bagration-Mukhranski (born 1947)
Issue of united Bagrationi branches
გიორგი ბაგრატიონ ბაგრატიონი
Prince Giorgi Bagrationi of Bagrationi
|Reference style||His Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
Prince David and Princess Anna became the parents of a baby boy on September 27, 2011, Prince Giorgi Bagration Bagrationi (გიორგი ბაგრატიონ ბაგრატიონი) who, in his person, potentially unites the Mukhrani and Gruzinsky claims. If no other Bagrationi prince is born in either the Gruzinsky or Mukhrani branch who is of senior descent by primogeniture, and he survives those now living, Prince Giorgi will become the heir male of the House of Bagrationi and the heir general of George XIII of Georgia
Gallery of Georgian monarchs
King Ashot I of Iberia (813–830)
King Bagrat III of Georgia (960–1014)
King George I of Georgia (1014–1027)
King Bagrat IV of Georgia (1027–1072)
King George II of Georgia (1072–1089)
Queen Tamar of Georgia The Great
(1178–1213) Queen Tamar was titled as "King"
King George IV of Georgia
Queen Rusudan of Georgia
King David VI of Georgia
King Alexander I of Georgia
King George VIII of Georgia
King Alexander II of Imereti
King Simon I of Kartli
King George X of Kartli
King Luarsab II of Kartli
King Archil of Kakheti
King George XI of Kartli
King Vakhtang VI of Kartli
King Teimuraz I of Kakheti
King Teimuraz II
King Erekle II
King Solomon I of Imereti
King George XII of Georgia
Prince David Bagrationi
King Demetrius I of Georgia (1125–1154)
King George VII of Imereti (1707–1720)
King David X of Kartli (1505–1525)
King David III The Great of Tao-Klarjeti, The Kuropalates (994–1001)
King Demetrius II of Georgia The Self-Sacrificer (1270–1289)
King David IV of Georgia The Builder (1089–1125)
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- Born in Rome, Italy / Died in Tbilisi, Georgia
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- (Spanish)Fallece Jorge Bagration, piloto español de rallys y heredero del trono de Georgia. LaVanguardia.es January 16, 2008.
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- Irakli Bagrationi of Mukhrani Photo
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- (Georgian) დავით და ანა ბაგრატიონებს მემკვიდრე-გიორგი ბაგრატიონი შეეძინათ გეო ნიუსი
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- George Bagration Bagrationi Photo
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- (Russian) В Грузии родился наследник царского престола Кавказ Online
- (Russian) В Грузии родился Георгии Багратион-Багратиони Наша эпоха
- Royal Birth of Bagrationi family
- Giorgi Bagration-Bagrationi Has Arrived Georgian Journal
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- Heir for the Georgian Dynasty born in Madrid The Royal Forums
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