Air transport in Yugoslavia

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This article provides an overview of air transport in Yugoslavia, a country in the Balkans that existed from 1918 until its dissolution in the 1990s.

Airlines[edit]

The first domestic airliner was Aeroput, the predecessor of JAT (Jugoslovenski Aerotransport) created in 1927, which was Yugoslvia's national carrier until the country's dissolution. More airlines were founded during the 1960s, namely Ljubljana-based Adria Airways (initially named Adria Aviopromet, later Inex-Adria Airways), and the Belgrade-based Aviogenex in 1968.[citation needed] During the late 1980s and 1990s a big number of private companies were established.[citation needed]

Airports[edit]

The first airports in Yugoslavia were created in the first half of the twentieth century. The airline industry and infrastructure was substantially expanded between the 1950s and 1980s. In 1964 there were 7 international airports in Yugoslavia.[1] Until the end of 1970 there were 14 modern airports in Yugoslavia: Belgrade, Zagreb, Ljubljana, Pula, Rijeka, Split, Dubrovnik, Titograd, Mostar, Zadar, Pristina, Skopje, Sarajevo and Ohrid.[2]

List of airports[edit]

Yugoslavia contained the following airports,[citation needed] listed here grouped by the country or territory in which they are now located:

 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Croatia
Kosovo/United Nations Kosovo
 Macedonia
 Montenegro
 Serbia
 Slovenia

Legacy[edit]

Political map of the former Yugoslavia

After the dissolution of Yugoslavia, each successor country created its own national carrier. During this period, the Yugoslav Wars and the economical sanctions imposed on Yugoslavia significantly contributed to the crisis in the airline sector. After 2000, the growth of the airline industry slightly recovered following the recovery of the tourism sector. The national carriers of the former Yugoslav countries are:

Each country also has a number of privately owned airlines, as well as a number of international airlines with regular flights to airports in the countries of the former Yugoslavia.

Busiest Airports[edit]

Rank
2012
Country Airport City Passengers
2011
Passengers
2012
Passengers
2013
Passengers
2014
Change
2012-2013
1  Serbia Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport Belgrade 3,124,633 3,363,919 3,543,194 - Increase5.3%0
2  Croatia Zagreb Airport Zagreb 2,319,098 2,342,309 2,300,006 - Decrease1.8%0
3 United NationsKosovo[3] Pristina Airport Pristina 1,422,302 1,521,185 1,628,678 - Increase7.1%0
4  Croatia Split Airport Split 1,300,381 1,425,749 1,581,734 - Increase11%0
5  Croatia Dubrovnik Airport Dubrovnik 1,349,501 1,480,470 1,522,629 - Increase2.8%0
6  Slovenia Ljubljana Joze Pucnik Airport Ljubljana 1,369,485 1,198,911 1,321,000 - Increase10.2%0
7  Macedonia Skopje Alexander the Great Airport Skopje 759,928 828,831 984,407 - Increase18.8%0
8  Montenegro Tivat Airport Tivat 647,169 725,392 868,423 - Increase19.7%0
9  Montenegro Podgorica Airport Podgorica 611,666 620,117 680,854 - Increase9,79%0
10  Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Airport Sarajevo 599,596 580,058 665,638 - Increase14.8%0
11  Croatia Zadar Airport Zadar 284,980 371,256 472,572 - Increase27.3%0
12  Croatia Pula Airport Pula 355,920 362,415 351,250 - Decrease3.1%0
13  Croatia Rijeka Airport Rijeka 79,316 71,558 139,296 - Increase94.7%0
14  Macedonia Ohrid St. Paul the Apostle Airport Ohrid NA 78,040 83,060 - Increase6.4%0
15  Bosnia and Herzegovina Mostar Airport Mostar 36,807 78,055 68,939 - Decrease11.7%0
16  Bosnia and Herzegovina Tuzla Airport Tuzla 4,527 4,191 61,513 - Increase1,367.7%0
17  Serbia Nis Airport Nis 25,112 27,426 21,669 - Decrease21%0
18  Slovenia Maribor Airport Maribor NA 6,500 13,500 - Increase107.7%0
19  Croatia Bol Airport Bol 11,367 11,402 9,433 - Decrease17.3%0
20  Bosnia and Herzegovina Banja Luka Airport Banja Luka 8,367 6,424 8,837 - Increase37.6%0
21  Croatia Osijek Airport Osijek 21,903 2,164 3,404 - Increase57.3%0
22  Croatia Lošinj Airport Mali Lošinj 1,597 794 0 - Decrease100.0%0
23  Slovenia Portorož Airport Portorož NA NA NA - Steady0
24  Serbia Kraljevo-Lađevci Airport Kraljevo 0 0 0 0 Steady0

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ITA Bulletin (Institut du transport aérien) 1–25. 1966. 
  2. ^ Review - Yugoslav magazine. 1969. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  3. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.