List of the most intense tropical cyclones

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A collage of nine of the strongest tropical cyclones

In the available records, a total of 70 tropical cyclones attained a pressure of less than 900 hPa (mbar) (26.56 inHg), most of which occurred in the Western North Pacific Ocean. The strongest tropical cyclone recorded worldwide, as measured by minimum central pressure, was Typhoon Tip, which reached a pressure of 870 hPa (25.69 inHg) on October 12, 1979.[1] The following list is subdivided by basins. Data listed are provided by the official Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre, unless otherwise noted.

North Atlantic Ocean[edit]

Eye of Hurricane Wilma while at peak intensity

Storms with an intensity of 925 hPa (27.32 inHg) or less are listed.

Cyclone Season Peak 1-min
sustained winds
Pressure
"Cuba" 1924 270 km/h (175 mph) 7002910000000000000910 hPa (26.87 inHg)
"Cuba" 1932 280 km/h (175 mph) 7002918000000000000918 hPa (27.11 inHg)
"Labor Day" 1935 295 km/h (185 mph) 7002892000000000000892 hPa (26.34 inHg)
Janet 1955 280 km/h (175 mph) 7002914000000000000914 hPa (26.99 inHg)
Hattie 1961 260 km/h (160 mph) 7002920000000000000920 hPa (27.17 inHg)
Camille 1969 280 km/h (175 mph) 7002900000000000000900 hPa (26.58 inHg)
Allen 1980 305 km/h (190 mph) 7002899000000000000899 hPa (26.55 inHg)
Gloria 1985 230 km/h (145 mph) 7002919000000000000919 hPa (27.14 inHg)
Gilbert 1988 295 km/h (185 mph) 7002888000000000000888 hPa (26.22 inHg)
Hugo 1989 260 km/h (160 mph) 7002918000000000000918 hPa (27.11 inHg)
Andrew 1992 280 km/h (175 mph) 7002922000000000000922 hPa (27.23 inHg)
Opal 1995 240 km/h (150 mph) 7002916000000000000916 hPa (27.05 inHg)
Mitch 1998 285 km/h (180 mph) 7002905000000000000905 hPa (26.72 inHg)
Isabel 2003 265 km/h (165 mph) 7002915000000000000915 hPa (27.02 inHg)
Ivan 2004 270 km/h (165 mph) 7002910000000000000910 hPa (26.87 inHg)
Katrina 2005 280 km/h (175 mph) 7002902000000000000902 hPa (26.64 inHg)
Rita 2005 285 km/h (180 mph) 7002895000000000000895 hPa (26.43 inHg)
Wilma 2005 295 km/h (185 mph) 7002882000000000000882 hPa (26.05 inHg)
Dean 2007 280 km/h (175 mph) 7002905000000000000905 hPa (26.72 inHg)
Source: Atlantic Hurricane Best Track File 1851–2013 [2]

Eastern Pacific Ocean[edit]

Hurricane Linda near peak intensity

Storms with an intensity of 925 hPa (27.46 inHg) or less are listed.

Cyclone Season Peak 1-min
sustained winds
Pressure
Ava 1973 260 km/h (160 mph) 7002915000000000000915 hPa (27.02 inHg)
Gilma 1994 260 km/h (160 mph) 7002920000000000000920 hPa (27.17 inHg)
Guillermo 1997 260 km/h (160 mph) 7002919000000000000919 hPa (27.14 inHg)
Linda 1997 295 km/h (185 mph) 7002902000000000000902 hPa (26.64 inHg)
Elida 2002 260 km/h (160 mph) 7002921000000000000921 hPa (27.20 inHg)
Hernan 2002 260 km/h (160 mph) 7002921000000000000921 hPa (27.20 inHg)
Kenna 2002 270 km/h (165 mph) 7002913000000000000913 hPa (26.96 inHg)
Ioke 2006 260 km/h (160 mph) 7002915000000000000915 hPa (27.02 inHg)
Rick 2009 285 km/h (180 mph) 7002906000000000000906 hPa (26.75 inHg)
Celia 2010 260 km/h (160 mph) 7002921000000000000921 hPa (27.20 inHg)
Source: East Pacific Hurricane Best Track File 1851–2013 [3]

Western North Pacific Ocean[edit]

Typhoon Tip at peak intensity
Typhoon Haiyan at peak intensity

Storms with a minimum pressure below 900 hPa (26.58 inHg) are listed.

Cyclone Year Peak 10-min
sustained winds
Pressure
Marge 1951 Not Specified 7002886000000000000886 hPa (26.16 inHg)
Nina 1953 Not Specified 7002885000000000000885 hPa (26.13 inHg)
Ida 1954 Not Specified 7002890000000000000890 hPa (26.28 inHg)
Ida 1958 Not Specified 7002877000000000000877 hPa (25.90 inHg)
Vera 1959 Not Specified 7002895000000000000895 hPa (26.43 inHg)
Joan 1959 Not Specified 7002885000000000000885 hPa (26.13 inHg)
Nancy 1961 Not Specified 7002882000000000000882 hPa (26.05 inHg)
Violet 1961 Not Specified 7002895000000000000895 hPa (26.43 inHg)
Sally 1964 Not Specified 7002895000000000000895 hPa (26.43 inHg)
Wilda 1964 Not Specified 7002895000000000000895 hPa (26.43 inHg)
Kit 1966 Not Specified 7002880000000000000880 hPa (25.99 inHg)
Elsie 1969 Not Specified 7002895000000000000895 hPa (26.43 inHg)
Amy 1971 Not Specified 7002890000000000000890 hPa (26.28 inHg)
Irma 1971 Not Specified 7002885000000000000885 hPa (26.13 inHg)
Patsy 1973 Not Specified 7002895000000000000895 hPa (26.43 inHg)
Nora 1973 Not Specified 7002875000000000000875 hPa (25.84 inHg)
June 1975 Not Specified 7002875000000000000875 hPa (25.84 inHg)
Louise 1976 Not Specified 7002890000000000000890 hPa (26.28 inHg)
Rita 1978 220 km/h (140 mph) 7002880000000000000880 hPa (25.99 inHg)
Tip 1979 260 km/h (160 mph) 7002870000000000000870 hPa (25.69 inHg)
Wynne 1980 220 km/h (140 mph) 7002890000000000000890 hPa (26.28 inHg)
Elsie 1981 220 km/h (140 mph) 7002895000000000000895 hPa (26.43 inHg)
Mac 1982 220 km/h (140 mph) 7002895000000000000895 hPa (26.43 inHg)
Abby 1983 220 km/h (140 mph) 7002895000000000000895 hPa (26.43 inHg)
Forrest 1983 205 km/h (125 mph) 7002885000000000000885 hPa (26.13 inHg)
Marge 1983 205 km/h (125 mph) 7002895000000000000895 hPa (26.43 inHg)
Vanessa 1984 220 km/h (140 mph) 7002880000000000000880 hPa (25.99 inHg)
Dot 1985 220 km/h (140 mph) 7002895000000000000895 hPa (26.43 inHg)
Betty 1987 205 km/h (125 mph) 7002890000000000000890 hPa (26.28 inHg)
Flo 1990 220 km/h (140 mph) 7002890000000000000890 hPa (26.28 inHg)
Ruth 1991 215 km/h (130 mph) 7002895000000000000895 hPa (26.43 inHg)
Yuri 1991 220 km/h (140 mph) 7002895000000000000895 hPa (26.43 inHg)
Megi 2010 230 km/h (145 mph) 7002885000000000000885 hPa (26.13 inHg)
Haiyan 2013 230 km/h (145 mph) 7002895000000000000895 hPa (26.43 inHg)
Source:Typhoon information for the
Western Pacific ocean.[4]

North Indian Ocean[edit]

1999 Odisha cyclone near peak intensity

Storms with an intensity of 950 hPa (28.1 inHg) or less are listed. Data for storms prior to 1990 is incomplete.[5]

Cyclone Season Peak 3-min
sustained winds
Pressure
Two 1963 195 km/h (120 mph) 7002947000000000000947 hPa (27.96 inHg)
Three 1963 240 km/h (150 mph) 7002920000000000000920 hPa (27.17 inHg)
1977 Andhra Pradesh 1977 250 km/h (155 mph) 7002919000000000000919 hPa (27.14 inHg)
Gay 1989 230 km/h (145 mph) 7002930000000000000930 hPa (27.46 inHg)
1990 Andhra Pradesh 1990 230 km/h (145 mph) 7002920000000000000920 hPa (27.17 inHg)
1991 Bangladesh 1991 240 km/h (150 mph) 7002918000000000000918 hPa (27.11 inHg)
1994 BOB 01 1994 215 km/h (135 mph) 7002940000000000000940 hPa (27.76 inHg)
1999 Pakistan 1999 195 km/h (120 mph) 7002946000000000000946 hPa (27.94 inHg)
"Paradip" 1999 260 km/h (160 mph) 7002912000000000000912 hPa (26.93 inHg)
2001 India 2001 215 km/h (135 mph) 7002932000000000000932 hPa (27.52 inHg)
Gonu 2007 235 km/h (145 mph) 7002920000000000000920 hPa (27.17 inHg)
Sidr 2007 215 km/h (135 mph) 7002944000000000000944 hPa (27.88 inHg)
Giri 2010 195 km/h (120 mph) 7002950000000000000950 hPa (28.05 inHg)
Phailin 2013 225 km/h (140 mph) 7002930000000000000930 hPa (27.46 inHg)
Source: East Pacific Hurricane Best Track File 1851–2013[6]

South-West Indian Ocean[edit]

Cyclone Gafilo at peak intensity

Storms with an intensity of 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) or less are listed.

Cyclone Season Peak 10-min
sustained winds
Pressure
Chris-Damia 1981–82 7002210000000000000210 km/h (130 mph) 7002898000000000000898 hPa (26.52 inHg) [7]
Geralda 1993–94 7002200000000000000200 km/h (125 mph) 7002905000000000000905 hPa (26.72 inHg) [8]
Litanne 1993–94 7002190000000000000190 km/h (120 mph) 7002910000000000000910 hPa (26.87 inHg) [8]
Marlene 1994–95 7002180000000000000180 km/h (110 mph) 7002920000000000000920 hPa (27.17 inHg) [9]
Bonita 1995–96 7002180000000000000180 km/h (110 mph) 7002920000000000000920 hPa (27.17 inHg) [10]
Daniella 1996–97 7002190000000000000190 km/h (120 mph) 7002915000000000000915 hPa (27.02 inHg) [11]
Hudah 1999-00 7002220000000000000220 km/h (135 mph) 7002905000000000000905 hPa (26.72 inHg) [12]
Dina 2001–02 7002215000000000000215 km/h (135 mph) 7002910000000000000910 hPa (26.87 inHg) [13]
Guillaume 2001–02 7002205000000000000205 km/h (125 mph) 7002920000000000000920 hPa (27.17 inHg) [13]
Hary 2001–02 7002220000000000000220 km/h (135 mph) 7002905000000000000905 hPa (26.72 inHg) [13]
Kalunde 2002–03 7002215000000000000215 km/h (135 mph) 7002905000000000000905 hPa (26.72 inHg)
Gafilo 2003–04 7002230000000000000230 km/h (145 mph) 7002895000000000000895 hPa (26.43 inHg) [14]
Adeline-Juliet 2004–05 7002220000000000000220 km/h (135 mph) 7002905000000000000905 hPa (26.72 inHg) [15]
Bento 2004–05 7002215000000000000215 km/h (135 mph) 7002915000000000000915 hPa (27.02 inHg) [16]
Carina 2005–06 7002205000000000000205 km/h (125 mph) 7002915000000000000915 hPa (27.02 inHg) [17]
Hondo 2007–08 7002215000000000000215 km/h (135 mph) 7002906000000000000906 hPa (26.75 inHg) [18]
Edzani 2009–10 7002220000000000000220 km/h (135 mph) 7002910000000000000910 hPa (26.87 inHg) [19]
Bruce 2013–14 7002230000000000000230 km/h (145 mph) 7002912000000000000912 hPa (26.93 inHg)

Australian Region[edit]

Cyclone Gwenda near peak intensity

Storms with an intensity of 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) or less are listed.

Cyclone Season Peak 10-min
sustained winds
Pressure
Mahina 1899 205 km/h (125 mph) 7002914000000000000914 hPa (26.99 inHg)
Joan 1975–76 235 km/h (145 mph) 7002915000000000000915 hPa (27.02 inHg)
Amy 1979–80 235 km/h (145 mph) 7002915000000000000915 hPa (27.02 inHg)
Vance 1988–89 215 km/h (135 mph) 7002910000000000000910 hPa (26.87 inHg)
Orson 1988–89 250 km/h (155 mph) 7002904000000000000904 hPa (26.70 inHg)
Theodore 1993–94 200 km/h (125 mph) 7002910000000000000910 hPa (26.87 inHg)
Gwenda 1998–99 235 km/h (145 mph) 7002900000000000000900 hPa (26.58 inHg)
Inigo 2002–03 240 km/h (150 mph) 7002900000000000000900 hPa (26.58 inHg)
Fay 2003–04 215 km/h (135 mph) 7002910000000000000910 hPa (26.87 inHg)
Floyd 2005–06 195 km/h (120 mph) 7002916000000000000916 hPa (27.05 inHg)
Glenda 2005–06 205 km/h (125 mph) 7002910000000000000910 hPa (26.87 inHg)
Monica 2005–06 250 km/h (155 mph) 7002916000000000000916 hPa (27.05 inHg)
George 2006–07 205 km/h (125 mph) 7002902000000000000902 hPa (26.64 inHg)

South Pacific Ocean[edit]

Cyclone Zoe at peak intensity

Storms with an intensity of 925 hPa (27.3 inHg) or less are listed. Tropical Cyclones that have been recorded since the start of the 1969–70 Tropical Cyclone year and have reached their peak intensity to the west of 160E are included in the list. The most intense tropical cyclone in the south Pacific, is Cyclone Zoe which formed in 2002, is also the most intense storm in the Southern Hemisphere.

Cyclone Season Peak 10-min
sustained winds
Pressure
Oscar 1982–83 205 km/h (130 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg)
Hina 1984–85 220 km/h (140 mph) 910 hPa (26.87 inHg)
Fran 1991–92 205 km/h (130 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg)
Ron 1997–98 230 km/h (140 mph) 900 hPa (26.58 inHg)
Susan 1997–98 230 km/h (140 mph) 900 hPa (26.58 inHg)
Beni 2002–03 205 km/h (130 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg)
Dovi 2002–03 205 km/h (130 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg)
Erica 2002–03 215 km/h (130 mph) 915 hPa (27.02 inHg)
Zoe 2002–03 240 km/h (150 mph) 890 hPa (26.28 inHg)
Heta 2003–04 215 km/h (130 mph) 915 hPa (27.02 inHg)
Meena 2004–05 215 km/h (130 mph) 915 hPa (27.02 inHg)
Olaf 2004–05 230 km/h (140 mph) 915 hPa (27.02 inHg)
Percy 2004–05 230 km/h (140 mph) 900 hPa (26.58 inHg)
Ului 2009–10 215 km/h (130 mph) 915 hPa (27.02 inHg)
Sources:[20]

South Atlantic Ocean[edit]

Cyclone Catarina near peak intensity

Due to the fact that tropical cyclones in the South Atlantic are rare, there is no official tropical cyclone season for this region. Despite this, there have been several significant tropical cyclones in the South Atlantic region, notably Cyclone Catarina in March 2004. Tropical and subtropical cyclones with an intensity of below 1000 hPa (29.53 inHg) are listed.

Cyclone Season Peak 1-min
sustained winds
Pressure
1974 South Atlantic 1974 45 km/h (30 mph) 988 hPa (29.18 inHg)
Catarina 2004 155 km/h (100 mph) 972 hPa (28.70 inHg)
Anita 2010 85 km/h (50 mph) 995 hPa (29.38 inHg)
Arani 2011 85 km/h (50 mph) 989 hPa (29.21 inHg)
Sources:[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dunnavan, George M; Diercks, John W (November 1, 1980). "An Analysis of Super Typhoon Tip (October 1979)". Monthly Weather Review 108 (11): 1915–1923. doi:10.1175/1520-0493(1980)108<1915:AAOSTT>2.0.CO;2. Retrieved February 24, 2013. 
  2. ^ National Hurricane Center; Hurricane Research Division (April 1, 2014). "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)". United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 25, 2014. 
  3. ^ National Hurricane Center; Hurricane Research Division; Central Pacific Hurricane Center (July 7, 2014). "The Northeast and North Central Pacific hurricane database 1949-2013". United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Western North Pacific Typhoon best track file 1951–2014". Japan Meteorological Agency. 2010-01-13. Retrieved 2010-01-13. 
  5. ^ "Best track data of tropical cyclonic disturbances over the north Indian Ocean". India Meteorological Department. 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2009-07-16. 
  6. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Best Track Information for the North Indian Ocean 1990–2012". India Meteorological Department. 2012. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Cyclone Damia Best track". Météo-France. 2001-05-16. Retrieved 2010-01-08. 
  8. ^ a b La Reunion Tropical Cyclone Centre. Cyclone Season 1993–1994 in the South-West Indian Ocean (in English/French). Météo France. pp. 42, 65. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  9. ^ La Reunion Tropical Cyclone Centre. Cyclone Season 1994–1995 in the South-West Indian Ocean (in English/French). Météo France. p. 67. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  10. ^ La Reunion Tropical Cyclone Centre. Cyclone Season 1995–1996 in the South-West Indian Ocean (in English/French). Météo France. pp. 25,. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  11. ^ La Reunion Tropical Cyclone Centre. Cyclone Season 1996–1997 in the South-West Indian Ocean (in English/French). Météo France. p. 33. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  12. ^ La Reunion Tropical Cyclone Centre. Cyclone Season 1999–2000 in the South-West Indian Ocean (in English/French). Météo France. p. 72. ISBN 2-9511665-3-2. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  13. ^ a b c La Reunion Tropical Cyclone Centre. Cyclone Season 2001–2002 in the South-West Indian Ocean (in English/French). Météo France. p. 4. ISBN 2-9511665-6-7. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  14. ^ La Reunion Tropical Cyclone Centre. Cyclone Season 2003–2004 in the South-West Indian Ocean (in English/French). Météo France. p. 67. ISBN 2-9511665-8-3. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  15. ^ La Reunion Tropical Cyclone Centre (November 27, 2009). "Very Intense Tropical Cyclone Adeline-Juliet". Météo France. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  16. ^ La Reunion Tropical Cyclone Centre (November 27, 2009). "Intense Tropical Cyclone Bento". Météo France. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  17. ^ La Reunion Tropical Cyclone Centre. South-West Indian Ocean Cyclone Season 2005–2006 (in English/French). Météo France. p. 6. ISBN 2-9511665-9-1. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  18. ^ La Reunion Tropical Cyclone Centre (November 27, 2009). "Very Intense Tropical Cyclone Hondo". Météo France. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  19. ^ La Reunion Tropical Cyclone Centre (August 31, 2010). "Very Intense Tropical Cyclone Edzani". Météo France. Retrieved December 22, 2013. 
  20. ^ RSMC Nadi – Tropical Cyclone Centre, TCWC Brisbane, TCWC Wellington (May 22, 2009). "TCWC Wellington Best Track Data 1967–2006". Fiji Meteorological Service, Meteorological Service of New Zealand Limited, Australian Bureau of Meteorology. United States: International Best Track Archive for Climate Stewardship. 
  21. ^ "Second only south Atlantic tropical storm: 90Q, moving away from Brazil". Retrieved 2011-06-23. 

External links[edit]

Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre's
Tropical Cyclone Warning Centers