List of the mothers of the Ottoman Sultans

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This list includes the biological mothers of Ottoman sultans. There were thirty-six sultans of the Ottoman Empire in twenty-one generations. (During early days the title Bey was used instead of Sultan) Throughout the 623-year history of the Ottoman Empire the sultans were all members of the same house, the house of Osman.

This list is distinct from the list of Valide Sultans of the Ottoman Empire. Valide Sultan was the title of the mother of the reigning sultan. The mothers who died before their sons’ accession to throne never assumed the title of Valide Sultan like Hürrem Sultan, Hatice Mu’azzez, Emîne Mihr-î-Şâh,[1][2] Râbi’a Şerm-î,[3] and Nükhet-Sedâ.[4] On the other hand, step mothers who were not the biological mothers but raised the princes (Turkish: şehzade) whose mothers had died assumed the title of Valide Sultan like Rahîme Piristû (Perestu). So there were Valide Sultans who were not the mothers, and there were mothers who were not the Valide Sultans.

Name (Birth Name) Son Ethnicity Place of Origin Duration & Notes about Valide Hatûn or Sultân (Valide Sultan) title
Hayme (Hayme)[5] Osman I Turkish  ?
Malhun (Mala) Orhan Turkish  ?
Nilüfer (Holofira) Murat I Greek Bilecik, Byzantine Empire
Gülçiçek (Maria) Bayezid I Greek[6][7] Byzantine Empire
Devlet (Devlet) Mehmet I Turkish Kütahya, Germinayid Principality
Emine (Emine) Murad II Turkish Elbistan, Dulkadirid Principality 1421-1444; 1446-1449 (Valide Hatûn)
Hüma (Hatice Âlime) Mehmed II Turkish Devrekani, Jandar Principality 1444-1446 (Valide Hatûn)
Emine Gülbahar (Emine) Beyazid II Albanian Albania or Kosovo 1481-1492 (Valide Hatûn)
Gülbahar (Ayşe)[8] Selim I Turkish Elbistan, Dulkadirid Principality
Ayşe Hafsa (Ayşe)[9][10] Süleyman I Crimean Tatar Havsa, Ottoman Empire 1520-1534 (Valide Sultân)
Hürrem (Roxelana) Selim II Ukrainian Rohatyn, Polish Ukraine
Nurbanu (Cecilia or Olivia Venier-Baffo or Rachel Nasi) Murad III Italian Páros, Venetian Cyclades Islands 1574-1583 (Valide Sultân)
Safiye (Sofia Bellicui Baffo) Mehmed III Italian Corfù, Venetian Ionian Islands 1595-1603 (Valide Sultân)
Handan (Helena) Ahmet I Greek[11]  ? 1603-1605 (Valide Sultân)
Alime (Altunşah) Mustafa I Abkhazian Caucasus 1617–1618 and 1622–1623 (Valide Sultân)
Mahfiruz Hatice (Maria, Eudoxia or Hatice) Osman II Greek[7] or Serb[12]  ? 1618-1620 (Valide Sultân)
Kösem (Anastasia) Murad IV and İbrahim Greek Tēnos, Venetian Cyclades Islands first time: 1623-1632 (Valide Sultân) (Regent of Ottoman Empire) second time: 1648-1651 (Valide Sultân) (Regent of Ottoman Empire)
Turhan Hatice (Nadia) Mehmed IV Ukrainian Polish Ukraine 1648-1682 (Valide Sultân)
Saliha Dilaşub (Katarina) Süleyman II Serb[13] Ottoman Kosovo or Montenegro 1687-1689 (Valide Sultân)
Hatice Muazzez (Eva) Ahmet II Polish Jew[14] Poland
Emetullah Rabia Gülnuş (Evmania Voria) Mustafa II and Ahmed III Greek Rethymno, Venetian Crete 1695-1715 (Valide Sultân)
Saliha (Alexandra or Elizaveta) Mahmud I Greek[15] Istanbul, Ottoman Empire 1730-1739 (Valide Sultân)
Şehsuvar (Maria) Osman III Serb[16]  ? 1754-1756 (Valide Sultân)
Emine Mihrişah[2][17] (Janet De Bazory) Mustafa III French or Circassian France or Circassia
Rabia Şermi [18] (Ida Kovács) Abdülhamid I Hungarian, or Circassian Hungary, or Circassia
Mihrişah (Agnès) Selim III Italian or Georgian Genoa or Caucasus 1789-1805 (Valide Sultân)
Ayşe Sine[4] (Sonia) Mustafa IV Bulgarian Ottoman Bulgaria 1807–1808 (Valide Sultân)
Nakşıdil[19] Mahmud II[20] French or Georgian France or Caucasus 1808–1817 (Valide Sultân)
Bezmialem (Suzanne) Abdülmecid Georgian or Georgian Jew or Russian Jew Caucasus 1839-1853 (Valide Sultân)
Pertevniyal (Besime or Hasna) Abdülaziz Romanian or Circassian Wallachia or Circassia 1853-1876 (Valide Sultân)
Şevkefza Murad V Georgian Poti, Mingrelia 1876-1876 (Valide Sultân)
Tirimüjgan[21][22] (Müjgan) Abdülhamid II Circassian North Caucasus
Gülcemal[23][24] (Sofia) Mehmed V Albanian  ?
Gülüstü (Fatma)[25][26] Mehmed VI Abkhazian Sukhumi, Abkhazia

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 355, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  2. ^ a b "Sultan III. Mustafa Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  3. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 363, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  4. ^ a b Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 395, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  5. ^ Ottoman researches Foundadtion page (Turkish)
  6. ^ The Nature of the Early Ottoman State, Heath W. Lowry, State University of New York Press (SUNY Press), p. 153
  7. ^ a b History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, Stanford Jay Shaw, Cambridge University Press, p. 28
  8. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 157, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  9. ^ "Kanuni Sultan Süleyman Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  10. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 186, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  11. ^ Günseli İnal, Filiz Özdem, Mary Işın, Semiramis Arşivi, Semiramis: Sultan'ın Gözünden Şenlik, Yapı Kredi Yayınları, 2005, p. 27. (Turkish)
  12. ^ Semiramis: Sultan'ın gözünden şenlik 2005, p. 27: "Osman II's mother the Serbian Evdoksiya known as Mahfiruz Sultan,"
  13. ^ "Sultan II. Süleyman Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  14. ^ "Ottoman Research Foundation (in Turkish); reveals the results of recent investigations and announces her name as "Hatice (Khadija) Mu’azzez Haseki"". Ottoman Sultans Web Page. Retrieved 2010-12-17. 
  15. ^ İkinci Mustafa'nın (Saliha Sultan) takma adlı cariyesi Rum kızı Aleksandra'dan doğan oğlu Birinci Mâhmut (Ali Kemal Meram, Padisah Anaları, Öz Yayınları, 1977, p. 347.)
  16. ^ "Sultan III. Osman Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 6 February 2009. 
  17. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 355, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  18. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 363, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  19. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 410, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  20. ^ "Sultan II. Mahmud Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  21. ^ "Sultan II. Abdülhamid Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  22. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 505, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  23. ^ "Sultan V. Mehmed Reşad Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  24. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 519, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  25. ^ "Sultan VI. Mehmed Vahdettin Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  26. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 535, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2

Further reading[edit]

  • Bernard Lewis, The Emergence of Modern Turkey (Studies in Middle Eastern History), Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA; 3rd edition (September 6, 2001); Paperback: 568 pages; ISBN 0195134605; ISBN 978-0195134605
  • Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 (Hardcover).