List of mothers of the Ottoman sultans

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This is a list of the biological mothers of Ottoman sultans. There were thirty-six sultans of the Ottoman Empire in twenty-one generations. (During early days the title Bey was used instead of Sultan) Throughout 623-years history the sultans were the members of the same house, namely the house of Ottoman.

Valide sultans and mothers of the Ottoman Sultans[edit]

This list is distinct from the list of Valide Sultans of the Ottoman Empire. Valide Sultan was the title of the mother of the reigning sultan. The mothers who died before their sons’ accession to throne, never assumed the title of Valide Sultan like Hürrem, Hatice Mu’azzez, Emîne Mihr-î-Şâh,[1][2] Râbi’a Şerm-î,[3] and Nükhet-Sedâ.[4] On the other hand, step mothers who were not the biological mothers but raised the princes whose mothers had died assumed the title of Valide Sultan like Ayşe Seniyeperver[5] and Rahîme Piristû (Perestu). So there were Valide Sultans who were not the mothers, and there were mothers who were not the Valide Sultans.

The detailed list of the valide sultans and the mothers of the Ottoman Sultans[edit]

Mother Son (Ottoman Sultan)[6] Origin Period
Hayme Osman I (r. 1299–1326) Oghuz Turkic
Malhun Orhan (r. 1324–61) Ottoman Turkic; born in Anatolia. posthumous
Nilüfer (born Holofira) Murad I (r. 1362–89) Byzantine Greek; born in Bilecik. 1362–1383; –1389 (posthumous)
Gülçiçek (born Maria) Bayezid I (r. 1389–1402) Byzantine Greek
Devlet Mehmed I (r. 1413–21) Oghuz Turkic or Kurd, of the Germiyan tribe; born in Kütahya.
Emine Murad II (r. 1421–44; 1446–51) Oghuz Turkic; born in Elbistan, Beylik of Dulkadir. 1421-1449 (Valide Khātûn)
Hüma Mehmed II (r. 1444–46; 1451–81) Undetermined (Isfendiyarid; Zetan; French Jew) 1444-1446 (Valide Khātûn)
Mükrime or Emine Gülbahar Bayezid II (r. 1481–1512) Oghuz Turkic; born in Elbistan, Beylik of Dulkadir.
Emine Gülbahar or Mükrime Undetermined (Albanian or Pontic Greek).
Gülbahar Selim I (r. 1512–20) Oghuz Turkic; born in Elbistan, Beylik of Dulkadir.
Ayşe Hafsa Suleiman I (r. 1520–66) Crimean Tatar; born in the Crimean Khanate.[7] 1520-1534 (Valide Sultân)
Hürrem (born Roxelana) Selim II (r. 1566–74) Ruthenian (Ukrainian) posthumous
Nurbanu Murad III (r. 1574–95) Undetermined (born in Páros, Republic of Venice; born in Portugal, Iberian Jew) 1574-1583 (Valide Sultân)
Safiye (born Sofia Baffo) Mehmed III (r. 1595–1603) Venetian; born on Corfu, Republic of Venice 1595-1603 (Valide Sultân)
Handan (born Helena) Ahmed I (r. 1603–17) Greek 1603-1605 (Valide Sultân)
Alime (born Altunşah) Mustafa I (r. 1617–18, 1622–23) Abkhaz [8] 1617-1618 (Valide Sultân) (1st)
Mahfiruz Hatice Osman II (r. 1618–22) Serb [9] 1618-1620 (Valide Sultân)
Alime (born Altunşah) Mustafa I (r. 1617–18, 1622–23) Abkhaz 1622-1623 (Valide Sultân) (2nd)
Mah Peyker–Kösem (born Anastasia) Murad IV Greek; born on Tinos, Republic of Venice 1623-1640 (Valide Sultân)
Ibrahim I 1640–48
Turhan Hatice (born Nadia) Mehmed IV Ruthenian (Ukrainian) 1648-1682 (Valide Sultân)
Saliha Dilaşub (born Katarina) Süleyman II Serb [9][10][11] 1687-1689 (Valide Sultân)
Hatice Muazzez (born Eva) Ahmet II Polish Jew; born in Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Rabia Gülnuş (born Evmania Vora) Mustafa II (r. 1695–1703) Greek; born in Rethymno, Republic of Venice Valide sultan: 1695–1703
Ahmed III (r. 1703–30) Valide sultan: 1695–1715
Saliha Sabkati (born Alexandra) Mahmud I Greek; born in Constantinople.[11] 1730-1739 (Valide Sultân)
Şehsuvar (born Maria) Osman III Serb [12][13] 1754-1756 (Valide Sultân)
Emine Mihrişah (born Jeanette) Mustafa III French
Rabia Şermî [3] (born Ida) Abdülhamid I Circassian[citation needed] or French[citation needed]
Mîhr-i Şah (born Agnes) Selim III Georgian [14] 1789-1805 (Valide Sultân)
Nükhet-Sedâ [4] Mustafa IV Undetermined (Georgian[citation needed])
Nakş-i Dil Mahmud II [15] Undetermined (possibly Aimée du Buc de Rivéry, a French noblewoman)
Bezm-î Âlem (born Suzanne) Abdülmecid Georgian Christian or Georgian Jew 1839-1853 (Valide Sultân)
Pertev-Nihâl Abdülaziz Circassian or Vlach 1853-1876 (Valide Sultân)
Şevk-Efzâ (born Vilma) Murad V Georgian; born in Poti 1876-1876 (Valide Sultân)
Tîr-î Müjgan [16][17] (born Müjgan) Abdülhamid II Circassian, of the Shapsugs tribe.
Gül-Cemâl (born Sofia) [18][19] Mehmed V Bosnian (Christian); born in Bosnia Eyalet.[20]
Gülüstü (born Henrietta) Mehmed VI Georgian, of the Shervashidze dynasty; born in Sukhumi, Principality of Abkhazia.[21][22]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 355, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  2. ^ "Sultan III. Mustafa Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  3. ^ a b Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 363, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  4. ^ a b Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 395, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  5. ^ "Sultan IV. Mustafa Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  6. ^ The sources don't agree on the names of the biological mothers of Mustafa I and Mahmut II
  7. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, p. 186, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  8. ^ "Mother Of Mustafa I". Osmanlı Araştırmaları Vakfı (Ottoman Research Foundation). 
  9. ^ a b Günseli İnal; Semiramis Arşivi (2005). Semiramis: Sultan'ın gözünden şenlik. YKY. p. 27. ISBN 978-975-08-0928-6. [Osman II's mother the Serbian Evdoksiya known as Mahfiruz Sultan] 
  10. ^ "Sultan II. Süleyman Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  11. ^ a b Ali Kemal Meram (1977). Padişah anaları: resimli belgesel tarih romanı. Öz Yayınları. p. 325. 
  12. ^ Ali Kemal Meram (1977). Padişah anaları: resimli belgesel tarih romanı. p. 355. İkinci Mustafa'nın (Şehsuvar Sultan) takma adlı câriyesi Sırp kızı Mari'den doğan oğlu Üçüncü Osman ve yeni Pâdişâh anaları (1754-1757) 
  13. ^ Günseli İnal, Semiramis Arşivi (2005). Semiramis: Sultan'ın gözünden şenlik. p. 27. Osman'in annesi Sirp Mari yani §ehsiivar Sultan 
  14. ^ E.J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam 1913-1936. BRILL. 1987. pp. 1117–. ISBN 90-04-08265-4. 
  15. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 410, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  16. ^ "Sultan II. Abdülhamid Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  17. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 505, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  18. ^ "Sultan V. Mehmed Reşad Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  19. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, p. 519, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  20. ^ Harun Açba (2007). Kadın efendiler: 1839-1924. Profil. p. ?. ISBN 978-975-996-109-1. [page needed]
  21. ^ "Sultan VI. Mehmed Vahdettin Han". Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Retrieved 2009-02-06. 
  22. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 535, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2