List of the oldest newspapers

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A 1609 title page of the German Relation, the world's first newspaper (first published in 1605)[1]
A 2000 German postage stamp commemorating the 350th anniversary of Einkommende Zeitungen, the first daily newspaper.

This list of the oldest newspapers sorts the newspapers of the world by the date of their first publication. The earliest newspapers date to 17th-century Europe when printed periodicals rapidly began to replace hand-written news letters. The emergence of the new media branch has to be seen in close connection with the simultaneous spread of the printing press from which the publishing press derives its name.[2] In July 2010 The Times published its 70,000th issue. Although it is not the oldest newspaper in the world, it is the only one to have reached that number.[3]

Definition[edit]

Newspapers − apart from being printed − are typically expected to meet four criteria:[4]

  • Publicity: Its contents are reasonably accessible to the public.
  • Periodicity: It is published at regular intervals.
  • Currency: Its information is up to date.
  • Universality: It covers a range of topics.

By region[edit]

Europe[edit]

Avisa Relation oder Zeitung, the second oldest newspaper
Ordinari Post Tijdender, the world's oldest newspaper still published (since 1645).
Date Newspaper Language Place Country/Region Notes
1605[5] Relation aller Fürnemmen und gedenckwürdigen Historien German Strasbourg Holy Roman Empire World's first newspaper[1]
1609[5] Avisa Relation oder Zeitung German Wolfenbüttel Holy Roman Empire
1610[5] Name not given in source German Basel Swiss Confederacy[6]
1615[5] Name not given in source German Frankfurt Holy Roman Empire
1617[5] Name not given in source German Berlin Holy Roman Empire
1618[5] Courante uyt Italien, Duytslandt, &c. Dutch Amsterdam Dutch Republic [7] Considered the world's first broadsheet because it was published in folio instead of quarto-size size. Defunct 1664
1620 Nieuwe Tijdinghen Dutch Antwerp Spanish Netherlands May have been published as early as 1605.[citation needed] Defunct 1629
1631[8][9] La Gazette French Paris France First French-language newspaper and first weekly magazine published in France. Existed between May 30, 1631 and September 30, 1915.[8]
1641 Gazeta Catalan Barcelona Spain First Catalan-language newspaper and first periodical published in Iberian Peninsula. Only two issues were published.
1645 Ordinari Post Tijdender Swedish Stockholm Sweden Oldest still published newspaper in the world. Online-only since 2007.[10]
1656[11] Weeckelycke Courante van Europa Dutch Haarlem Dutch Republic The name was changed to Oprechte Haerlemsche Courant in 1664. The newspaper merged with the Haarlems Dagblad in 1942, which is still published.
1661[12] La Gazeta Spanish Madrid Kingdom of Spain Until 2008 December, oldest print edition still published in the world, under the name "Boletín Oficial del Estado". From 2009, only online edition.
1661[11] Merkuriusz Polski Ordynaryjny Polish Kraków Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Moved to Warsaw in May 1661, last issues published 22 July 1661.
1664[13][14] Gazzetta di Mantova Italian Mantua Duchy of Mantua, Holy Roman Empire Oldest private newspaper still published in the world, and oldest continuously published in print.
1665[15] Oxford Gazette English Oxford England From issue 24 in 1666, the paper was printed in London and renamed London Gazette;[16] this is still published.
1702 Daily Courant English London England World first daily newspaper.[citation needed] Last issue in 1735, when it merged with the Daily Gazetteer.
1702 Vedomosti Russian Moscow Russia Moved to St. Petersburg in 1711, in 1728 renamed Sankt-Petersburgskie Vedomosti, in 1914 renamed Petrogradskie Vedomosti. Last issue in 1917.
1703 Wiener Zeitung German Vienna Austria Still published
1704 The Review English London England Founded by Daniel Defoe in 1704 as A Review of the Affairs of France. The Review ran three times a week without interruption until 1713.
1705 Hildesheimer Relations-Courier German Hildesheim Germany Oldest surviving newspaper in Germany, nowadays published as Hildesheimer Allgemeine Zeitung
1705 Mercurius Hungaricus Hungarian Hungary Hungary Oldest Hungarian newspaper, written in Latin, it had 7 issues and last printed in 1710[17]
1709 The Tatler English London Kingdom of Great Britain Founded by Richard Steele. Last issue in 1711.
1709 The Worcester Post-Man English Worcester Kingdom of Great Britain Published since 1753 as Berrow's Worcester Journal.[18] No evidence for claimed publication since 1690.[19]
1710 The Examiner English London Kingdom of Great Britain Best known for the contributions by Jonathan Swift. Last issue in 1714.
1711 The Spectator English London Kingdom of Great Britain Founded by Joseph Addison in 1711. Last issue in 1712.
1719 The Daily Post English London Kingdom of Great Britain Founded by Daniel Defoe in 1719. The post consisted of articles that spoke of current events, important dates, inventions, advances in modern sciences, and other things of that nature.
1719[20] Pražské poštovské noviny Czech Prague Kingdom of Bohemia Weekly newspaper, defunct.
1731 Gentleman's Magazine English London England Published until 1922. First to use the term magazine. Samuel Johnson's first regular employment as a writer was with The Gentleman's Magazine.
1734 Lloyd's List English London England Still published. Now covering shipping news, marine insurance and global trade. Oldest English-language daily newspaper still in existence
1735 Gazzetta di Parma Italian Parma Duchy of Parma Still published. First publishing date uncertain; oldest printed issue perhaps dated from April 19, 1735.
1737 The Belfast News Letter English Belfast Kingdom of Ireland Still published.
1738[21] Feuille d’Avis de Neuchâtel French Neuchâtel Swiss Confederacy Still published - oldest French-language daily newspaper still in existence
1747 The Press and Journal English Aberdeen United Kingdom Still published
1749 Berlingske Danish Copenhagen Denmark–Norway Still published. Originally titled Kjøbenhavnske Danske Post-Tidender
1752 Leeuwarder Courant Dutch Leeuwarden The Netherlands Still published. Originally titled Leeuwarder Saturdagse Courant. The newspaper also publish articles in Frisian.
1758 Norrköpings Tidningar Swedish Norrköping Sweden Still published. Originally published weekly as Norrköpings Weko-Tidningar
1761 Nassau-Saarbrückisches Wochenblatt German Saarbrücken Nassau-Saarbrücken Still published as Saarbrücker Zeitung.
1767 Adresseavisen Norwegian Trondheim Denmark–Norway Still published. Originally titled Kongelig allene privilegerede Trondheims Adresse-Contoirs Efterretninger
1767 Finns Leinster Journal English Kilkenny Kingdom of Ireland
1772 Fyens Stiftstidende Danish Odense Denmark-Norway Still published. Originally titled Kongelig Privilegerede Odense Adresse-Contoirs Efterretninger
1783 The Herald English Glasgow United Kingdom Still published
1785 The Times English London United Kingdom Still published
1791 The Observer English London United Kingdom The world's first Sunday newspaper. Still published.
1794 Århus Stiftstidende Danish Denmark-Norway Århus Still published. Originally titled Aarhus Stifts-Tidende.
1817 The Scotsman English Edinburgh United Kingdom Still published
1821 The Guardian English Manchester United Kingdom Originally known as 'The Manchester Guardian'. Still published.
1824 Åbo Underrättelser Swedish Åbo Finland Still published.
1826 Le Figaro French Paris France Still published
1829 Curierul Românesc Romanian Bucharest Romania Founded by Ion Heliade Rădulescu in April 1829. Last issue in 1859.
1829 Albina Românească Romanian Iași Romania Founded by Gheorghe Asachi in 1829. Last issue in 1850.
1831 Takvim-i Vekayi Turkish Istanbul Ottoman Empire Also, Takvim-i Vekayi produced Armenian, Greek and Arabic language editions. Closed in 1891.
1835 O Açoriano Oriental Portuguese Ponta Delgada, Azores Portugal Still published[22]
1843 News of the World English London United Kingdom Published by News International which announced the closure of the newspaper on 7 July 2011, after the phone hacking scandal.
1844 Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant Dutch Rotterdam The Netherlands Still published. The Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant (NRC) merged in 1970 with Algemeen Handelsblad (founded in 1828) into the NRC Handelsblad.
1846 L'Indépendant French Perpignan France Still published.
1853 Faro de Vigo Spanish Vigo Spain Still published. Oldest newspaper still published in Spain[23]
1854 Surrey Comet English London United Kingdom Still published[24]
1855 The Daily Telegraph English London United Kingdom Still published
1855 A Aurora do Lima Portuguese Viana do Castelo Portugal Still published[25]
1859 Le Progrès French Lyon France Still published.
1859 La Nazione Italian Florence Grand Duchy of Tuscany Still published
1861[26] L'Osservatore Romano Italian Vatican City Papal States L'Osservatore Romano is the "semi-official"[27] newspaper of the Holy See.
1863 Church Times English London England Still published.[28] The Church Times is an independent Anglican weekly newspaper.
1870 La Dépêche du Midi French Toulouse France Still published.
1873 Richmond and Twickenham Times English London England Still published.[29] The Richmond and Twickenham Times is a weekly London newspaper.
1877 Dernières Nouvelles d'Alsace French Strasbourg France Still published.
1881 The Evening News English London England Considered the first popular newspaper in London. Published until 1980, and briefly again in 1987.
1882 El Pireneo Aragonés Spanish Jaca Spain Still published. First number April 23, 1882. Oldest Aragonese newspaper still published in the Autonomous Community of Aragon.[30]
1888 Financial Times English London United Kingdom Still published.
1889 L'Est Républicain French Nancy France Still published.
1891 Gazet van Antwerpen Dutch Antwerp Flanders, Belgium Still published
1891[31] La Nuova Sardegna Italian Sassari Kingdom of Italy Still published
1893 Lidové Noviny Czech Brno Moravia (Lands of the Bohemian Crown), Austria-Hungary Still published today in Prague the Czech Republic, familiarly known as Lidovky.
1893 De Telegraaf Dutch Amsterdam The Netherlands Still published. It is the largest newspaper in The Netherlands.
1895 Heraldo de Aragón Spanish Zaragoza Spain Founded on September 20, 1895. Still published, familiarly know as Heraldo.
1896 Daily Mail English London England Second popular newspaper by Lord Northcliffe. Considered to have brought on a major change in the English newspaper market[32] and started the trend for popular mass journalism.[33] Still published.

Americas[edit]

First issue of the New England Courant, the oldest newspaper in the Americas
First edition of Diario de Pernambuco, the oldest continuously circulating daily in Latin America (since 1825)
Date Newspaper Language Place Country/Region Notes
1704 The Boston News-Letter English Boston, Massachusetts Thirteen Colonies Defunct
1721 The New-England Courant English Boston, Massachusetts Thirteen Colonies Defunct
1722 La Gaceta de México Spanish Mexico City New Spain Defunct; first paper published in Latin America
1752 Halifax Gazette English City of Halifax, Nova Scotia British North America Defunct; first paper in Canada
1756 The New Hampshire Gazette English New Hampshire Thirteen Colonies Still published; oldest extant North American paper
1764 Quebec Chronicle-Telegraph English
Formerly bilingual French-English
Québec, Quebec British North America Still published; oldest surviving North American paper with continuous corporate existence
1764 The Hartford Courant English Hartford, Connecticut Thirteen Colonies Still published
1778 The Montreal Gazette English since 1822
(Formerly French, it became bilingual French-English in the late 1700s)
Montreal Province of Quebec Still published
1785 The Augusta Chronicle English Augusta, Georgia United States Still published
1785 The Poughkeepsie Journal English Poughkeepsie, New York United States Still Published. In 1788, the editor of the Journal was the official reporter of the ratification of the United States Constitution by New York in that year. The paper also served as a launching point of stories during the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration when the then-President was at his estate in nearby Hyde Park.
1786 Daily Hampshire Gazette English Northampton, Massachusetts United States Still published
1786 Pittsburgh Post-Gazette English Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania United States Still published
1789 The Berkshire Eagle English Pittsfield, Massachusetts United States Still published
1792 The Recorder English Greenfield, Massachusetts United States Still published
1794 Rutland Herald English Rutland, Vermont United States Still published. The Herald is the oldest family-owned newspaper in continuous operation, published under the same name in the same city, in the United States.
1796 Norwich Bulletin English Norwich, Connecticut United States Still published
1792 The Keene Sentinel English Keene, New Hampshire United States Still published
1801 New York Post English New York City, New York United States Still published
1803 The Post and Courier English Charleston, South Carolina United States Still published
1812 Aurora de Chile Spanish Santiago de Chile Chile Defunct. First newspaper of the country.
1825 El Peruano Spanish Lima Peru Still published
1825 Diario de Pernambuco Portuguese Recife Brazil Still published. Oldest continuously circulating daily newspaper in Latin America[34] and oldest continuously circulating periodical edited in Portuguese.
1825 The Monroe News English Monroe, Michigan United States Still published. The same paper has been through several name changes in its history but remains the same print product. Today, the Monroe Publishing Company is among the 10 largest employers in Monroe, MI.
1827 El Mercurio de Valparaíso Spanish Valparaíso, Valparaíso Chile Still published. Oldest continuously circulating periodical, published under the same name, in Spanish.
1827 Jornal do Commercio Portuguese Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro Brazil Still published.
1829 The Philadelphia Inquirer English Philadelphia, Pennsylvania United States Still published
1829 The Post-Standard English Syracuse, New York United States Still published
1837 The Picayune English New Orleans, LA United States Still published today on a tri-weekly schedule as The Times Picayune. Has gone through several name changes over the years as The Picayune merged with other local papers.
1839 El Comercio Spanish Lima Peru Still published
1842 The Plain Dealer English Cleveland, Ohio United States Still published
1844 The Globe and Mail English Toronto, Ontario Canada Still published
1845 The Stanstead Journal English Stanstead, Quebec Canada Still published
1845 Ottawa Citizen English Ottawa, Ontario Canada Still published
1846 The Hamilton Spectator English Hamilton, Ontario Canada Still published
1846 The Victoria Advocate English Victoria, Texas United States Still published
1846 Vineyard Gazette English Edgartown, Massachusetts Martha's Vineyard Still published
1847 Chicago Tribune English Chicago, Illinois United States Still published
1849 The London Free Press English London, Ontario Canada Still published
1849 The Santa Fe New Mexican English Santa Fe, New Mexico United States Still published
1850 Deseret News English Salt Lake City, Utah United States Still published
1851 The New York Times English New York, New York United States Still published
1852 The Wheeling Intelligencer English Wheeling, West Virginia United States Still published
1853 Guelph Mercury English Guelph, Ontario Canada Still published
1854 The Daily Citizen English Searcy Arkansas Still published [24]
1857 The Sacramento Bee English Sacramento, California United States Still published
1859 Rocky Mountain News English Denver, Colorado United States Published from April 23, 1859 to February 27, 2009.
1862 Telegraph-Journal English Saint John, New Brunswick Canada Still published
1865 San Antonio Express-News English San Antonio, Texas United States Still Published
1865 San Francisco Chronicle English San Francisco, California United States Still Published
1867 The Spencer Magnet English Taylorsville, KY United States Still Published
1868 The Atlanta Journal-Constitution English Atlanta, Georgia United States Still published
1868 Times & Transcript English Moncton, New Brunswick Canada Still published
1870 La Discusión Spanish Chillán, Bío Bío Chile Still published
1870 The guardian English Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island Canada Still published
1870 Tucson Citizen English Tucson, Arizona United States Still published
1871 The Salt Lake Tribune English Salt Lake City, Utah United States Still published
1873 The Belleville Telescope English Belleville, Kansas United States Still published
1874 Nanaimo Daily News English Nanaimo, British Columbia Canada Still published
1874 The Chronicle Herald English Halifax, Nova Scotia Canada Still published
1875 Estado de São Paulo Portuguese São Paulo Brazil Still published.
1875 The Southern Cross Spanish English Buenos Aires Argentina Still published. Monthly.
1876 Diario Oficial de la República de Chile Spanish Santiago de Chile Chile Still published
1879 The Telegram English Saint John's, Newfoundland and Labrador Canada Still published
1879 The Times Leader English Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania United States Still published
1878 St. Louis Post-Dispatch English St. Louis, Missouri United States Still published
1878 Waterloo Region Record English Kitchener, Ontario Canada Still published
1880 Albuquerque Journal English Albuquerque, New Mexico United States Still published
1880 The Kansas City Star English Kansas City, Missouri United States Still published
1881 El Paso Times English El Paso, Texas United States Still published
1881 El Paso Herald-Post English El Paso, Texas United States 1881-1997
1881 Las Cruces Sun-News English Las Cruces, New Mexico United States Still published
1882 El Sur Spanish Concepción, Bío Bío Chile Still published
1883 Calgary Herald English Calgary, Alberta Canada Still published
1883 Regina Leader-Post English Regina, Saskatchewan Canada Still published
1884 La Presse French Montreal, Quebec Canada Still published
1884 Times Colonist English Victoria, British Columbia Canada Still published
1885 Omaha World-Herald English Omaha, Nebraska United States Still published
1886 Lögberg-Heimskringla English Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada Still published. English and formerly Icelandic
1886 La Prensa Spanish Curicó, Maule Chile Temporarily ceased publication 1886–98. Still in publication since then.
1888 The Windsor Star English Windsor, Ontario Canada Still published
1889 Moose Jaw Times-Herald English Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan Canada Still published
1889 Listín Diario Spanish Santo Domingo Dominican Republic Still published. Oldest newspaper in the Dominican Republic and on the island of Hispaniola. Its also one of the oldest newspapers in the Caribbean.
1889 The Wall Street Journal English New York, New York United States Still published.
1891 Jornal do Brasil Portuguese Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro Brazil Still published. Print editions ceased in 2010. Currently only an online newspaper.
1891 Truro Daily News English Truro, Nova Scotia Canada Still published
1891 Los Angeles Times English Los Angeles, California United States Still published
1891 The Chilliwack Progress English Chilliwack, British Columbia Canada Still published
1892 The Denver Post English Denver, Colorado United States Still published
1893 The Wave English Rockaway Beach, New York United States Still published
1895 Correio do Povo Portuguese Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul Brazil Still published. Stopped publishing in 1984 and resumed in 1986.
1896 Le Soleil French Quebec City, Quebec Canada Still published
1898 The Province English Vancouver, British Columbia Canada Still published
1898 Le Nouvelliste French Port-au-Prince Haiti Still Published

Africa[edit]

The French established the first newspaper in Africa in Mauritius in 1773.

Date Newspaper Language Place Country/Region Notes
1773 Annonces, Affiches et Avis Divers pour les Colonies des Isles de France et de Bourbon French Isle de France Mauritius First newspaper in Mauritius. Published weekly from 1773-01-13 to at least 1790 by the Nicolas Lambert in Mauritius.
1800 Cape Town Gazette and African Advertiser English, Dutch Cape Town British South Africa First newspaper in South Africa. Published weekly from 1800-08-16 to at least 1829 by the British Government in South Africa.
1824 South African Commercial Advertiser English, Dutch Cape Town British South Africa First privately run newspaper in South Africa. Numbers 1 to 18 were published weekly from 1824-01-07 to 1824-05-10. numbers 19 to 135 were printed from 1825-08-31 to 1827-03-10 and numbers 136 and onward were printed from 1828 to-10-03 to 1853. Originally edited by the printer George Greig who soon relinquished editing control to Thomas Pringle and John Fairbairn. Pringle left the paper after number 19.
1824 South African Journal English Cape Town British South Africa A bimonthly journal edited by Thomas Pringle and John Fairbairn. Published from 1824-03-05 to 1824-05-07.
1824 Nederduitsche Zuid-Afrikaanse Tydschrift Dutch Cape Town British South Africa A bimonthly journal edited by Reverend Abraham Faure. It was the Dutch partner to the South African Journal. Published from 1824-04-04.
1824 The South African Chronicle and Mercantile Advertiser English, Dutch Cape Town British South Africa Printed weekly from 1824-08-18 to 1826-12-26. Printed by William Bridekirk and edited by A. J. Jardine.
1826 The New Organ English, Dutch Cape Town British South Africa Only one edition printed on 1826-01-06. Printed by George Greig and edited by John Fairbairn.
1827 De Versamelaar English, Dutch Cape Town British South Africa Printed weekly from 1827-01-07 until between 1829-01-27 to 1835. Edited by J. Duasso de Lima and printed by William Bridekirk.
1827 The Colonist English, Dutch Cape Town British South Africa Printed weekly from 1827-11-22 to 1828-09-30 by William Bridekirk and then George Greig and edited by William Beddy.
1828 Al-Waqa'i'a al-Masriya Arabic Cairo Egypt Still published
1830 De Zuid-Afrikaan Dutch Cape Town British South Africa Initially a weekly paper, then at more frequent intervals. First issue 9 April 1830. Last issue 8 April 1930
1875 Al-Ahram Arabic Cairo Egypt Still published
1891 Mashonaland Herald and Zambesian Times English Salisbury Southern Rhodesia Now published as The Herald

South Asia[edit]

The first recorded attempt to found a newspaper in South Asia was by William Bolts, a Dutchman in the employ of the British East India Company in September 1768 in Calcutta. The Company deported Bolts back to Europe before he could begin his newspaper.[35]

Date Newspaper Language Place Country/Region Notes
1780 Hicky's Bengal Gazette or, The Original Calcutta General Advertiser English Calcutta British India First newspaper in South Asia. Published weekly from 1780-01-29 to 1782-03-23 when James Augustus Hicky's types were seized.
1780 India Gazette or Calcutta Public Advertiser English Calcutta British India Second newspaper in South Asia. Published weekly from 1780-11-18. Survived until 1834. Published by Peter Reed (until 1781), B. Messink (until 1793), G. Gordon (1793 to before 1799) In 1799, its proprietors were William Morris, William Fairlie and J. D. Williams.
1784 Calcutta Gazette English Calcutta British India Third newspaper in South Asia. Government sanctioned. Published weekly from 1784-03-04 to 1818-09-29. Its proprietors were Francis Gladwin, an East India Company Officer until January 1787 and Arthur Muir, Herbert Harrington and Edmond Morris afterwards.
1785 Bengal Journal English Calcutta British India Published weekly from 1785-02 to 1791. Its proprietors were William Duane and Thomas Jones.
1785 The Oriental Magazine or Calcutta Amusement English Calcutta British India Published monthly from 1785-04-06. Its proprietors were Gordon and John Hay. It ceased publication sometime prior to 1799-05, when Governor-General Wellesley enacted press regulations.
1785 The Asiatick Miscellany English Calcutta British India Published quarterly from 1785-07-14 to 1789-01. Its proprietor was Francis Gladwin.
1785 Madras Courier English Madras British India Published weekly at first from 1785-10-12 to around 1818, with government sanction. Its proprietor was Richard Johnson.
1786 Calcutta Chronicle and General Advertiser English Calcutta British India Published weekly from 1786-01 to either 1790 or 1797. Its proprietor was William Baillie.
1788 The Asiatic Mirror and Commercial Advertiser English Calcutta British India Published weekly at first from 1788-02 to 1820-05. Its proprietors were C.K. Bruce and Dr. Shoolbred.
1789 Bombay Herald English Bombay British India Published weekly from 1789 to 1792. Its proprietors are unknown.

Oceania[edit]

Date Newspaper Language Place Country/Region Notes
1803 Sydney Gazette English Sydney Australia Was the first newspaper in Australia Published weekly from 1803 to 1842
1831 The Sydney Morning Herald English Sydney Australia Is the oldest continuously published newspaper in Australia.
1891 Lloyd's List Australia English Sydney Australia The oldest continuously published national newspaper in Australia.

Far East[edit]

Inaugural issue of the North China Herald, August 3, 1850.
Date Newspaper Language Place Country/Region Notes
1806[36] The Prince of Wales Island Gazette English Penang British Malaya First newspaper in Southeast Asia;[36] last issue rolled off the press on 7 July 1827; weekly edition survived until January 1830.
1845[37][38] The Straits Times English Singapore Straits Settlements Split into The Straits Times (based in Singapore) and The New Straits Times (based in Kuala Lumpur) after Singapore's separation from Malaysia in 1965.
1850[39] North China Herald
(North China Daily News)
English Shanghai China A weekly newspaper at first, it began daily publication in 1864 under the new name North China Daily News. Ceased publication in 1951.
1861[40] Nagasaki Shipping List and Advertiser English Nagasaki Japan Country's first newspaper[40]
1862 Kwanpan Batavia Shinbun Japanese Tokyo Japan First Japanese-language newspaper. A month-by-month government translation of the Dutch Javasche Courant.
1868 Chugai Shinbun Japanese Tokyo Japan First Japanese-language newspaper with original reporting. Ceased with publisher's death in 1869.
1870 Yokohama Mainichi Shinbun Japanese Yokohama Japan First daily Japanese-language newspaper. Closed in 1940.
1872 Tokyo Nichi Nichi Shimbun Japanese Tokyo Japan Merged with Mainichi Shimbun which is still published
1881[40] Chosen shinpo Japanese Pusan Korea Korea's first newspaper, but published in Japanese.[40]
1883
(1886)[41]
Hanseong sunbo
(Hanseong Jubo)
Chinese, Korean Seoul Korea First Korean-language newspaper.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Weber 2006, p. 396; "Newspapers: 400 Years Young!". World Association of Newspapers. [dead link]
  2. ^ Weber 2006, p. 387: "At the same time, then, as the printing press in the physical, technological sense was invented, 'the press' in the extended sense of the word also entered the historical stage. The phenomenon of publishing was born."
  3. ^ http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/news/uk/article2644349.ece
  4. ^ Weber 2006, p. 387; "Margarete Rehm: Information und Kommunikation in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Das 17. Jh." (in German). 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Weber 2006, p. 396f.
  6. ^ Nominally associated with the Holy Roman Empire until 1648, but de facto independent since 1499
  7. ^ Nominally associated with the Holy Roman Empire until 1648, but de facto separated since 1556
  8. ^ a b FRBNF32780021, catalogue Bn-Opale Plus, Bibliothèque nationale de France.
  9. ^ Wan-Press.org, A Newspaper Timeline, World Association of Newspapers
  10. ^ "World's Oldest Newspaper Goes Purely Digital". Associated Press 2007.
  11. ^ a b "Weeckelycke Courante van Europa". Museum Enschedé. Koninklijke Joh. Enschedé. 8 January 1656. 
  12. ^ "Boletín Oficial del Estado, La Gazeta, Colección Histórica". Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ [2]
  15. ^ London Gazette (1): 1. 7 November 1665. 
  16. ^ London Gazette (24): 1. 5 February 1666. 
  17. ^ http://mult-kor.hu/cikk.php?id=9990
  18. ^ "Berrow's Worcester Journal - History of the newspaper". Worcester News. Newsquest. Retrieved 2013-10-25. 
  19. ^ Wiles, R. M. (1965). Freshest Advices: Early Provincial Newspapers in England. Columbus: Ohio State University Press. 
  20. ^ "Začaly vycházet první české periodické noviny". Česká televize (Czech TV) (in Czech). Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  21. ^ "Oldest newspapers still in circulation". World Association of Newspapers. Retrieved 2012-02-15. [dead link]
  22. ^ http://www.acorianooriental.pt/pagina/acerca-do-jornal/
  23. ^ http://www.farodevigo.es/servicios/corporativo/conozcanos.jsp
  24. ^ a b http://www.surreycomet.co.uk/comet150/intro/
  25. ^ http://auroradolima.com/
  26. ^ [3]
  27. ^ "L'Osservatore Romano". Catholic World News. Trinity Publications. Archived from the original on 2008-03-15. Retrieved 2014-02-13. 
  28. ^ http://www.churchtimes.co.uk/
  29. ^ http://www.richmondandtwickenhamtimes.co.uk/
  30. ^ http://www.elpirineoaragones.com/
  31. ^ [4]
  32. ^ Engel, Matthew (1996). Tickle the Public : One hundred years of the popular press. London: Gollancz. ISBN 978-0575061439. 
  33. ^ Conboy, Martin (2004). Journalism : A critical history. London: Sage. ISBN 0-7619-4100-2. 
  34. ^ http://basilio.fundaj.gov.br/pesquisaescolar/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=237&Itemid=183
  35. ^ Busteed, H. E. Echoes from Old Calcutta: Being Chiefly Reminiscences of the Days of Warren Hastings, Francis and Impey. 2nd ed. Calcutta: Thacker, Spink And Co., 1888, 182.
  36. ^ a b Wade, Geoff. "New Ways of Knowing: The Prince of Wales Island Gazette - Penang's First Newspaper". Presented at The Penang Story International Conference 2002. Retrieved 2010-08-31. "It is to Penang that the "honour" of being the site of the first newspaper published in Southeast Asia – the Prince of Wales Island Gazette – belongs." 
  37. ^ The Straits Times. "About Us". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  38. ^ New Straits Times. "Corporate History 1845-1896". New Straits Times. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  39. ^ Xiaoqun Xu. Chinese Professionals and the Republican State: The Rise of Professional Associations in Shangahai, 1912–1937. Cambridge University Press, 2001. p. 45.
  40. ^ a b c d Altman 1984, p. 685: "The parallel to the Chosen shinpo in Japan had been Japan's first newspaper in any language, the English-language Nagasaki Shipping List and Advertiser, published by an Englishman, Albert W. Hansard, from June 1861."
  41. ^ McGovern 1967, pp. 21

References[edit]

External links[edit]